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A " ' , . ; . y . . 1 ' ' j - . , . " A V C H1 A MOTTO W MSLLEHG GOMIPAHY " fy.r-r TTTT T TTT A TT ' TrTTTl TT g TT-K u : ; y. v wi u u u-iu- in ij fcj . a e s r-a . t a r-a . . . c a .. b QUOTING LOWER PRICES FOR MoinniSini IFoedl MOTLOW MILLING COMPANY, Vennessee! mi The Commercial, Union City, Tenn, FRIDAY, MAY 19, 1922. W. H. FORRESTER CAFE and RESTAURANT Candy, Soft Drinks, Cigars, Tobacco and Everything Good to Where Qyality and Prices Meet UP WITH ARITHMETIC AND DOWN WITH THE GRADES o A Tonic For Women "I was hardly able to drag, I was so weakened," writes Mrs. W." F. Ray, of Easley, S. C. "The doctortreated me for about two months, still I didn't get , any better. I had a large fam ily and felt I surely must do something to enable me to take care of my little ones. I had heard of - Synopsis of Speech of T. 0. Morris Before Obion County Teachers Ladles and Gentlemen: Arith metic has been graded out of our ed ucational system In Tennessee. In this respect we have "progressed backwards." The time was in Ten nessee when a boy or girl remained in arithmetic as long as they re mained in school, but in late years, evil days have come upon us, and the boys and girls of the State are graded out of arithmetic between the ages of twelte and fourteen. This grad ing system as now in vogue is a de lusion and a snare, a fraud and im position upon the children. The re sult of it is that the children who have finished an hmetic are pitifully ignorant of the subject and cannot solve the simple and every-day prob lems of business life. I wish I could say this to every parent in Tennessee. I know this statement will not go un challenged by , many of the teach ing profession, but nevertheless I know i- is true. You might as vell consider the issue between us as joined and pass it up for decision to the fathers and mothers of the State. I charge that many children who ! f the only exact science that the quitting the investigation in disgust ir the world had depended on Latin to do its thinking we' would still be wearing bear hides, eating meat with our fingers, fighting with a club, living in caves, writing on stones and parchments, reading by a tallow candle and traveling in an ox cart. , I believe that the elimination of arithmetic from the high school course is an outrage on the children pf the State, and the substitution of Latin in its place is adding insult to injury. , Should you ask the teacher of your school why your boy or girl has fin ished arithmetic he will tell you that arithmetic is only a branch of math ematics, and that your child has been advanced to algebra. Algebra is all right in its place but I want some of you to show me its place. Show me where It is in use. There isn't a sol itary man in Obion County that uses algebra in his business, not one. There is more algebra taught in the j public schools of Union City in one week than has been used in all the business affairs of Obion County in the last one hundred years. Your boy will quit the use of algebra when he quits school, but he will need arithmetic every day of his life. He should continue the study of arith metic as long as he c6ntinues in school and when he has finished he will have but scratched the surface The Woman's Tonic "I decided to try it," con tinues Mrs. Ray . . . "I took eight bottles in all ... I re gained my strength and have had no more trouble with wo manly weakness. I have ten children and am able to do all my housework and a lot out doors ... I can sure recom mend CarduL" Take Cardui today. It may be just what you" need. At all druggists. ESI DR. W. J. JONES DENTIST Union City, Tenn. 107 Vz Church St. Cumb. Phono 214-J Coming p The Redpath Chautauqua 7 BIG H7 DAYS , The 100 Program TP? m have finished arithmetic absolutely finished, and will never study it again do not know the multiplica tion table. I charge that a very large number of them cannot add, subtract, divide I and multiply in mixed fractions. I charge that a great majority of them cannot solve the test problems in Ray's Mental (second) Arithmetic. If a child enters school at the age of six and passes one grade a year for eight years, he will have finished arithmetic. He is then ready at the age of fourteen to enter high school. Here he is permitted, if he desires. to continue arithmetic for four months, then he must quit it forever or quit school. Think of it . At the very age when a child should serious ly begin the study of arithmetic he is forced to quit. He lays his arithmetic aside and takes up Latin. Four years of Latin. I studied Latin for six years, and I consider every minute of time I put on it as absolutely wasted. I never had any use for a knowledge of Latin from the time I began the study of it to the present time, and I never expect to have any need for it as long as I live. Latin is a dead language, and it is thoroughly dead. It is argued that the study of Latin trains the mind to think. I don't believe a word of it. You had just as well say that a prize fighter could prepare for a big fistic cbntest by exercising with a corpse as to claim that the vigorous, active and inquiring mind of a child could be trained to think by en gaging in the study of a dead lan guage. There is nothing to think about in the study of Latin. It is a good memory exercise and that's all that can be said for it. I think it would be much better to exercise the memory on something worth while, and I am quite sure that I could have memorized Noah Webster's un abridged dictionary from cover to cover dining the time that I wasted in the study of Latin. It is also argued that Latin en aoies us to Detter understand our own language, and this is true to about the same extent that the study of evolution would enable a man to more successfully engage In the mule business. , There is no. demand for Latin in the business (affairs of the country and three college professors can glut j the market any day in the year. j If Latin is such a wonderful sub ject for training, the mind we should certainly have some evidence of that fact close at hand. Can you give me the name of a man whose knowledge of Latin has enabled him to advance a thought, make a discovery or per fect an invention in the last five '.hundred years that has been of ma terial benefit to mankind? I will give-you all of the year 1922 to an swer the question and suggest that you avail yourselves of the Congres sional Library, at Washington before ingenuity of man has ever yet de vised. Don't misunderstand me. I think algebra is all right, but the set of men who arev responsible for driving arithmetic out of our schools ought to be tried for treason to the children of the State and shot at sunrise. We also have in our Tennessee schools at this time a grading sys tem. Some professor who has lin gered at the lamp until he has for gotten which end of a mule to put the harness on, has devised a scheme for grading and assorting the minds and intellects of half-million school children in Tennessee. He hasn't! made the grades to suit the children, but he is insisting that the Lord piust make the children to suit his grades. If your child is extra bright in some one subject and extra dull in some other subject he can't make the grades, and so his mind was made up wrong, and he must be marked down as a failure and go home in disgrace. This child must be hu miliated and held back in a lower grade, while the other children ad vance, simply because he is deficient in one subject. By this means the teacher prepares to build up where nature has been deficient, and to create, force and make a "well rounded" mind. , By the old system which was in use many years ago in Tennessee a boy could advance as rapidly in any number of subjects as his ability would permit and could advance as slowly in other subjects as his limitations required. This old system was generally in use through out the country, but it was found to be very defective in that it produced so many "one-minded" men such men, for instance, as Thomas A. Ed ison, Luther Burbank, Henry Ford, John D. Rockefeller, and many oth ers, all of whom would have, been "rounded out" better had they been educated in one of our" graded scnoois. Genius has always been "one sided" and always will be. Take from the world the works and labors of Its one-sided" men and we would be in "utter darkness." If your boy is extra bright in some subject and extra dull in some other, watch for the spark or genius, it is with him. The "well-rounded" fellows, those who are smart in all the subjects, will not display any unusual talent along any particular line. They will swell the great army of hired help. The "dull boys" have been the great master minds of all the ages. They have given us our reapers and mowers, our telephones, our steam engines, our electric lights, our printing presses, our automobiles, steamboats and practically all the inventions that have made for the advancement of mankind. I am pleading the cause of the dull boy. Don't humiliate him. Let him go forward where he is strong: let him linger where he is weak. The graded school, as it is maintained in Tennessee at the present time, can in no way compare with the grand old system of-a few years ago. Penmanship is becoming a lost art. It is no longer taught in our public schools, except in rar e instances. Now and then you will find a teacher with "old fogy" ideas who still be lieves in teaching the three "R's," but his tribe is almost extinct. Our school courses are mapped out and pianned for the benefit of the boy who expects to go to college, and not for the boy who finishes his education in the common schools of the State. Not over five per ecnt ofl our boys go to college. Most of them, when they finish the public school, go into the agricultural, industrial and business life of the country. I am opposed to this plan of mak ing our public schools "feeders" for the colleges. , Let them give a young man the fundamentals of an educa tion, and give it to him thoroughly. Teach him to write, and write, and write legibly. Teach him to spell, and spell correctly. Teach him how to punctuate. Teach him how to read, and give him a .well grounded and sensible course in '.mathematics. There are other important subjects, of course, but we are neglecting now the very subjects that should require the most attention. If the man who wants to go to college demands some special train ing on some subject not taught in the public schools, let the colleges ar range for it, and don't put this bur den on our public school system. Some of you will think I am an extremist. That is your privilege to think so, and it is my privilege to think as I do. I believe I am right, and I am so thoroughly convinced as to the correctness of my position, that I am handing it out to you straight from the shoulder without hope of reward or fear of punish ment. The most powerful lobby that ever gathered under the capitol dome at Nashville is the school lobby. They talk in millions, and when they talk every little top-water in the State who aspires to some place above the grade of town constable is afraid to open his mouth in protest. Any thing, everything done in the name of education, whether right or wrong, must go. unquestioned. The Legislature has voted millions in taxes on the. people of the State with out "batting an eye," without ask ing a question, all because it was asked in the name of education. There are too many school teach ers in Tennessee. This grading sys tem now in use requires more teach ers, shorter hours, and less work. Since the teachers have "Jined the union" they have doubled the taxes for school purposes on the people of the State. i Tennessee is literally swarming with incompetent teachers who could n't earn half the salary they, now draw in any other line of business. Twenty years ago one teacher han dled twice as many children as a teacher does to-day and did it better. They worked harder' then and they worked longer hours. The 1923 Legislature of Tennessee should devise some means of cutting down these big school appropria tions, some means of getting value received for the money they pay out. The people of he State must think for themselves on these questions and instruct their representatives. Retrenchment in appropriations and expenditures in Tennessee is peril ously necessary, and I am trying to point out to you the best place to start. Money to Loan am authorized to take applications for long time loans to be made by The Northwestern Mutual Life In surance Co., on improved farms of 50 acres or more in Obion and Weakley Counties, Tennessee, and Fulton County, Kentucky. The amount of money that can be loaned at the present time ii limited. The rate of interest is 6 per cent. Please call at once if you are in need of a farm loan, a '.::):::::: : : : : L" '" i. ' Baaase , i , , , - Baar,,.jj.:,tl"assssssaBsaaasc:m i 't O. SPRADLIN, Union City, Tennessee !Brody Brothers , ANNOUNCEMENT SPECIALS FOR . FRIDAY AND SATURDAY Cut Price Bargains Notice to Buggy Owners Before buying a new Buggy, get my prices on painting and rubber tiring. , I buy and sell second hand Buggies. R. A. PARDUE, BLACKSMITH Telephone 43. Union Gty, Tenn. Clarks0. N. T. Thread, spool.. 4c Dress Gingham, 12c value, per yd. ............:.8c One lot Dress Gingham, per yd ..15c One lot light Percale, 12aC value per yd 7jc Voiles, $1.00 value, per yd ............. ..25c White Linen, yd. wide, per yd. .......... 10c Mississippi Shirting, 25c value, per yd Unbleached Honeycomb Towels, each Bleached Turkish Bath Towels, per pair 25c One lot Children's Socks, V 20c value, per pair .'. ...... . . . . 9c 15c 9c Brady rottiers- Successors to PHIL HYMAN'S CUT PRICE STORE Union) City, Tenn. v -4 'V