Newspaper Page Text
Marshall & Baird, Union City, Tenn, Entered at the post office, Union City. Tennes ee, a second-class mail matter. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1922. Democratic Nominees. Governor-AUSTIN PEAY. U. 5 , Senator-K. D. McKELLAR. Railroad Commissioner (Western Divi. sion) PORTER DUNLAP. Congress-FINIS J. GARRETT. Stah? Senate S. L. MAIDEN. Representative -S. R. BRATTON. Floater-C L. CLAIBORNE. The Counter Play. The closing down of the Henry Ford plants at Detroit on the 16th of September is significant. Of course it means in the first place that Fcrd will stop manufacturing cars because of a shortage of coal. He cannot get a supply of coal for capacity operation. The other con sideration is the high price of coal and steel. Mr. Forddoes not believe in the tactic3 the steel mills and coal operators are using to advance the price of these commodities. Rail road and steel mill companies are said to be large owners of coal prop erties, and the impression is gaining credence that there is a conspiracy between these interests and the striking coal miners to take advan tage of the public. Mr. Ford intimates that wall street and money barons are manipulating the labor unions and that our national legislators are powerless to prevent the trouble. He suggests also the fact -that the con spiracy has as its object the unload ing of the run-down railroads on the Government. All these suggestions will be ridi culed more or less, but how much real truth there is in the matter you and I are not likely to know. Th3 thing we wonder at, and have a good reason to, is why men will not stop at anything to advance their prices and profits. The steel manufacturers and the large corporate interests all over the country get accustomed to rapidly accumulating profits. Th3 war conditions made this more gen eral, and having once got the habit it grew like drinking and gambling, with consequences really more se rious than what are known as the vices. Men of this character are in the liabit of getting together around the lobbies, in the smokers and on the , luxurious steamships, talking thru the smoke rings of their increasing wealth and profits. They will tell you it is not so much the wealth they seek but the game of making it. They talk of how much they have exceeded last year's business notwithstanding the conditions. And they tell it boastingly, notwithstand ing the fact that they are crucifying the small interests. In the main these things are pressing upon the agricultural interests. The public pays the bill. The crux is that Nero fiddles while Rome burns. There is a day of reckoning, but why can't we get together and utl lize all our abilities and energies to find a remedy for these things. The buying of the railroads will most assuredly not be the remedy. This will increase national debt and taxes and augment the industrial troubles. With our public vocational and re habilitation system we are now half socialists. If the Government buys the railroads we will be irretrievably socialistic. There will no more democracy. The democacy of a coun try is in its freedom. There will be nothing free in government owner ship. It will be more bond than free. If the Government has money to in vest for the benefit of the people that money can be used to far better ad- vantag on the public highways. Once Set a complete national highway sys-. tern and there will be no railroad problem. The motor trucks will do the rest. By the time the system i.-. complete there will be a truck for every mile of road. The public high ways are free like water. Everv man can own a truck and there will be no strikes and conspiracies. When this highway' system is es tablished then we can localize man ufacture, or make it practically local and competitive. When we do ther will be no more industrial Ills and troubles. If the people of the United States continue to depend on the rail- Toads and the corporations they'll continue to get deeper in trouble- all the time. There will be no end but disaster. Our executives and legislators wiil cater to the money power in spite of all we can do, and what is there to expect from that Quarter. The de fect In our system is not susceptible of a remedy. We cannot overcome the money power ia elections and th politician wants a vote (Polly wants a -cracker). He is about as merciful to the public as the capitalist. The farmer, people and the public must take these matters into their own hands and work out their own problems. A Sane Idea. We wish to extend our congratu lations to the Fulton County Fair As sociation because of the fact that no carnival was put on this year at the fair. After all, a carnival is some thing that does little for a ' town, and when it leaves town it takes away a lot of local money that should remain at home. Also it jams up the grounds and makes difficult the handling of the throngs who come to the fair. For a long time we have even doubted the wisdom of allowing car nivals to come' to the town. They do little good for the town and on the other hand they may work a great deal of harm. We have no desire t3 pose as a Puritan, but " those who have observed the workings of . an average carnival aggregation cannot but be impressed with the fact thai they demoralize a community. And when they leave they leave the lot on which they were located in a fear ful mess. And they also leave a lot of folks, who think they are lucky in gambling, with a very flat pocket book. Fulton Leader. Good for Fulton! Of all the abom inable scum and contamination, it is not always perhaps, but nearly al ways, a street fair, or carnival, and if the community fair can't live with out it the community is hopeless. No matter where you live, pay your poll tax on or before September 6, 60 days before the November elec tion. We have to have a commission ev ery time there is something new for the Government to tackle. This time there is a strike commission. Some Louisville paper has suggested an in dustrial court. What on earth are we to do with these commissions and courts? Wre have courts and labor boards. Are they not competent? In the early days we elected a Con gress to handle national matters. But the first departure was a tariff com mission, and now it a commission ior everything, so that Congress will have no responsibilities. Congress puts the industrial troubles up to the labor board, and now the labor board refuses to function and it must go to a commission. After while the commission will require special com missions for the various branches of industry, and the chain will gather as it goes. The whole blooming thing is a political cancer eating the people out of house and home. If you expect to vote at the No vember election, you must pay poll tax for the year 1921 not later than September 6. Appreciated Approval. To the Editor of The Commercial I was greatly interested in your very able editorial of Aug. 18 under the caption, "Not Backward, but For ward." What you say is absolutely true in- every detail and I hope you will drive the same shaft of clear thinking a little deeper. If you will you will strike oil. Why has there been a drift away from the farm? Because there was more to be made by exploiting the products of the farm than in farm ing. Why is this exploitation possible? Because there is nothing to prevent anyone from buying eggs from the farmer at from one to two. cents apiece and selling them in the city at from three to six cents apiece. Why are the majority of the urban population dissatisfied? Because their efforts are exploited for unfair profits by employers and because their money is extorted-to make up the unfair profits of the speculator. Why is the farmer dissatisfied? Be cause the speculator takes all the fat from the consumer before the farmer gets a .chance at the consumer. And all of this is due to unfair competition which does not require the employer to name in advance a rate of compensation just as do the money lender, the preferred stock holder and the employee. An em ployer will denounce a Shylock and turn right around and appropriate to his own pocket the so-called unearned increment which is just as bad. LOWE SHEARON. New York City, Aug. 22, 1922. o matter where you live, pay your poll tax on or before Septembe 6, 60 days before the November elec tion. France has lost a battleship that cost 40,000,000 francs. It will cost 200,000,000 francs to replace her. All will sympathize with France In her loss. But perhaps if prices go high enough, war will dwindle. Truth is in the aged poker player's remark, which always preceded a raise: "The way to discourage vice is to make it expensive." Memphis News-Scimitar. If you expect to vote at the No vember election, you must pay poll tax for the year 1921 not later than September 6. A Higher Court. One minister in a St. Louis pulpit discusses the strike situation and re fers to the relation of (the strikers in tneir atutuae towards the govern- menti He 'uses plain language, but in his methods of treatment he fol lows the same general lines that are marked out by tho other men both in public and private life. First be pro poses a tribunal to settle a living wage and the power to fix a suitable compensation. Next he suggests a court of equity to curb the free hand of em ploying. capital and make its in vestment and operation amenable to law. In the end he says thaj; men must be prompted by reverence and respect for God's laws. The sermon is couched in strong, f triking Eng lish. But the minister has only pro posed what others are proposing ev ery day. I wish I kaew how to say so, but men are not far above animals. They are moved by instinct more than rea son. Really our form of government is on trial more than it ever has been before. English statesmen have been watching us and waiting to see tho results. Some of us think the gov ernment has stood the test, but I don't think It has. Why? Because j we have endless government ma chinery and , yet we aro calling for more. On the other hand eminent j political thinkers like Bryan ara moving a substitute like government ownership. He was only a few days ago at the Capital urging Senator Cummins to propose railroad owner ship. And so it is. One wants strong courts and tribu nals and another wants experiments in socialistic methods. The instinct for leadership and protection moves us to ignore democracy. We recall strong men like Lincoln, Cleveland and Roosevelt with the same feeling that we instinctively look to strong centralized leadership. We are look ing over the heads of democrats to those of power and authority. Wo do this unconsciously. We have a notion that Henry Ford is more of an independent thinker! than the majority of men. He doesn't seem to follow the crowd when they all rush to the pie counter; but he creates his own system. He has sense enough to know that you cannot disregard- tho interests of one class In favor of another. He doesn't do this out of a great love of mankind so much as he understands human na ture and makes his plans take care of labor as well as capital- After all, as the minister says, men must be moved by motives of justice. And that is what President Hadley, of Yale, told a newspaper friend who was seeking courts of economic justice between capital and labor. It must be a matter of edu- cation.says President Hadley a code rather than a couit of economic jus tice. The minister above referred to wants to treat the strikers as law breakers and to organize these extra courts and tribunals to function prop erly. But the minister doesn't seem to understand that these courts and tribunals are to be organized with men, the same in mind and character as those who are now organized into courts and tribunals. We have a feeling like President Hadley that a little patience and foresight will have to be exercised and that education is a potent fac tor in the struggle. We nave also a feeling, like Henry Ford, that the solution lies largely in industrial strategy. . We must develop local transportation and industry: we must develop the public highways; we must not only educate the mind, but the hand of the artisan; w- mitst make useful men and women of the boys and girls. And after all, as the minister says, our motives mus: be inspired by the justive of a higher court. The idea of developing local tranf portation is to provide a substitute for the condition of utter helplessness when the railroads are in trouble. But like animals, some of us can't see the future of local motor-driven public highway transportation Wny more courts when we can not invoke the aid of the ones we have? Why socialism which ia calculated to increase our burdens and destroy our faith in the supreme ruler of the universe. ANNOUNCEMENT I have bought the Insurance business of W. E. Jackson & Co., and will have Mr. W. F. Tate associated with me. We will write all kinds of insurance and will represent some of the best companies in the United States. We will look after your interest in the insurance line diligently and will appre ciate your patronage. Howell A. Bransford HOME PROTECTOR Both phones 261 ill 1 The Binder After Harvest. A large percentage of the binder troubles come from depreciation of the machine while it is standing in the field. The knotter mechanism of I the binder is a complicated and deli cate piece of machinery and should not be expnsed to the weather. A hea vy coating of rust on these machines causes most of the knotter trouble of the following years. If the machine must be left in the field for a time, it is a good policy to cover the knot ter part with a heavy coating of axle grease and tie an old piece of canvas over the binder head. Binder canvases will not stand any particular amount of exposure and so should be removed as soon as tin machine is stopped. Crickets and mice quickly destroy the canvas and in some cases even eat the slats. One will be repaid for his time if all the canvases on the binder are well wrapped in heavy building paper and suspended on wires from the rafters in the granary or hay loft where they cannot be molested by in sects or mice. Extension Serv ice, Card of Thanks. We gladly avail ourselves of this opportunity to express to our many friends our deepest thanks for all of their kindnesses and for the beauti ful floral offerings occasioned by the death of our loved one, Mrs. H. W. Stigler. May the Heavenly Father richly reward each of you is our prayer. H. W. Stigler and children, G. W. Donnell and wife. Oren Stigler and wife, H. B. Donnell and wife. Union City, Tenn., Aug 28 1922. Kirklandize Your Feet, Men and Boys. fair rtices an d S'xk in all Sizes etter Tires We can give you just what you want, whether it is cord or fabric. We have the famous Goodrich Silvertown. Cord ia sizes from 30x3V2 up, and the Goodrich "55" clincher fabric. We'll take off the old tire and put on the new one save you all that muss and fuss without extra charge. The big point is that after we have sold you a tire we are still interested see how we serve our customers. u m it. That's how we hold Hi. Mitl KJAr-S j IW uiu twiners, tome ra H-KamiMT! lillll : soon, and II ltf Iff wwl CITIZEN'S AUTO CO. Goodrich Tires and Tube Jcwctt and Dodge Cars UNION CITY, TENN.