Newspaper Page Text
.Marshall & Baird, Union Cityv Tenn. Entered at the post office. Union City. Tenn ea see, secoml-clHSs mail mntter. FRIDAY, "NOVEMBER 24, 1922. be A Better Way. Senator Stanley, of Kentucky some time ago made a very brilliant speech in Congress against the invi sion of States rights by the Federal Government, end mora recently Sen ator Borah makes a plea for State sovereignty. At the same time thc3e Senators and others have at one time or another voted for Federal amend incnts which usurp' the constitutional rights vested in the- States. One makes an exception of prohibition on the grounds that the Government Is aiding the States la law extension nnd nn forcemeat. Another defends Federal aid to schools and roads, vo national enterprise, etc., on the grounds of promoting State extou sion. So ad finUum ad libitum the ends justify the means. If these doctrimaires, especially those who are members of Congress will entertain a simpler suggestion than any of these, the fear of dc stroying State sovereignty may somewhat allayed. The suggestion wo propose 13 tha the Government turn back and re verse the course ef action in many of its alleged orc-sxeBsive Measures abandon entirely the thlgs that can be done more advantageously by in dividual effort tliccontinuo those thing3 which are relatively more ex pensive than any sod results to be derived therefrom. President Grover Cleveland, who was about the only chief executive of the national government who un dertook retrenchment of administra tion and of other branches of gov ernment, began by asking his Sec retary of Agriculture to report the things in his department that were not absolutely necessary to the ad vancement of farming interests. The reply was that the whole blooming department could be abolished with out a serious loss. But the president refrained from so drastic a proposi tion. The Commercial thinks, and we have been feeling tbat way for some time, that many of the government activities are whsllr or partially su perfluous in their effect upon the progress and well bciag of the peo ple of the United States. Federal promotions are made in the name of civilization and progress that are very little mare, if any. than the extensiea of department service for political purposes the increase of Federal bureaus and of patronage. No wonder the promoter goes to the Federal Government to further his schemes. There are now too ma ny of these things. Opportunists, totally blind t statesmanship, arc drinking in these illusive fountains. And while this is going on taxes are piling higher and higher the national debt and deficit increasin all the time. If we only had another Cleveland! About first thisg he would do would be to clean house, something on the same plan that Austin Peay has proposed. Except that about the first thing he would do would be to drop the national educational bu reau. The States can take care of their own educational affairs infin itely better without Government aid The fact is that Mr. Peay is too much wrapped up in the higher edu cational institutions cf the State and the promotion of the State University and normal schools. There are pri vate universities and preparatory schools in every State far more thoro and efficient than any of these State schools. The States should devote more time and mosey to the common schools. Here is where the public duty lies, and when that i3 done the private institutions of higher learn ing of the United States are fully capable of taking care of the pupils at just as moderate expense as any of the State schools and more than most of them. There isn't a better system of pri vate universities and colleges in tho world than there is in the United States, and then why either the State or the National Covernment mixing up in these things? The next thing would be the abol ition of the Interstate Commerce Commission. I don't knov7 anything that has done more to destroy the i transportation system. Before the war the commission hadn't done a great deal of mischief. It is said by men who have studied the subject that the greatest industrial achieve ment of the world, in any age as far as history is concerned, was the American railways before the war. Beginning at the same time to con struct railroads Amferipa, with less than one-fifth of tfce population of Europe, had completed and was op erating one-fifth more miles of rail way than all of Europe combined And the still more remarkable fea tura of thiSN enterprise was the fact that the wages of American railway employees were 80 to 160 per cent higher than they were in England while transportation rates were prac tically the same. This great work was accomplished before the Inter state Commerce Commission was an active influence in the fortunes of the railroads. ; The next thing would be to de stroy the labor board. Of course don't know all about the work of any of these organizations except as the general results show. But' it does seem that the Department of Labor In the United States Is about the most stupid of all our public in stitutions. In the last disturbance the labor board was relieved and labor commission constituted to take charge of the strike trouble, and the commission was as big a failure as the board. The thing the people of tho United States are Interested in is the In creased and multiplied activities of the Government the implication that the Government is better able to take care of our private affairs than are the people themselves. The rapid growth of this movement is involving the question of State sovereignty, which in itself, comparatively speak ing is merely incidental. If the Gov- ernment would make the same amount of effort to retire from bus in'ess as it is doing to take over pri vate business there would not be so much alarm about State rights. Only a few of the many public ac tivities are mentioned. If the wood man came forth with his axe he would find the forest full of timber ready to be cut down. But how it is needed! The Commercial in the beginning of its present control announced al legiance to the Democratic party, but it resents the present tendency of that party towards government ownership, control and supervision of private business and private in terests which should be left alone to the people themselves. We resent the abnormal growth of Government. That party is now engaged in fur thering the interests of the depart ment of American merchant marine, of the Shipping Board and of all its political patronage and graft, instead of trying to turn this over to private interests. Of course the nation should not be involved in a private subsidy, but as soon as practical the American ships should be sold and the mer chant marine operated as a private institution. As Mr. Peay 3aid in the campaign, one out of every six persons in the United States is drawing pay from tho public treasury, and this ratio grows apace. If it continues as it is doing we may soon have the spec tacle of having half our population either in the civil or military serv ice, the other half supporting this monster establishment. Then what vould be the use haggling about State sovereignty? Strike at the real trouble. The Ship Subsidy, x Last week in the articlo discussing the merchant marine this paper did so without being familiar with the provisions of the bill. So, if the News Scimitar is correct in the state ment that a loan of $125,000,000 at two per cent per annum for fifteen years goes with the sale of the ships, then there seems to be at the present time no justification in the sale of the ships. The Government cannot afford to borrow money at four per cent and loan it at two per cent. This is in reality a subsidy and opponents of the bill are not taking false grounds in fighting it. But, as we stated before, the Gov ernment should retire from the trans portation business or any other so cialistic venture. Democrats can make no sound fight against the sale of the ships at the price mentioned 200,000,000 when they are advo cating the sale of the Muscle Shoals plant to Henry Ford for $5,000,000 The percentage between the cost and the sale prices of both these proper ties is about the same. If a private corporation desiring to operate ue American mercnani ma rine with Government aid is willing pay $200,000,000 for the ships, and without further granto or conces sions ( from the Government, then such a corporation would be exhibit- the proper spirit and inviting a proper confidence in Its integrity, but to ask tho Government to .sell the shps at a nominal price and to furnish the money practically with out interest to buy them with, is a prima facie evidence of graft and the name of subsidy Is not misapplied. The Government can afford to hold the ships a while longer until a fair offer .has been made. The miners are dissatisfied still, and every day they work but adds fuel to the flames. Luke E. Wright. - In the death of General LukeE. Wright, Tennersce loses a man whose greatness, through a lifo of constant ly accumulating honors, , never has overshadowed hi3' humanricss. In all the pride of placo and achievement which his great gifts brought him, it was his unaffected good fellowship, hi3 simple and geriial friendliness, his liberality, and his zest for the ordinary, everyday pleasures that make for comradeship, for, which hi3 home people held him in an affection that was chared by that great' part of the outside world which came in contact with him. General Wright was typical of the best traditions of the old South and of the faith and energy and intellec tual determination of the new. He was a boy in his teens when he enlisted as a private in the Confed erate Army in '61 and was but a lit tle older when he won the rank of lloutenant in a battery of artillery as the war was drawing to its tragic close. After the war he married Kate Middleton, daughter of Admiral Raphael Semmes, of the far-famed Alabama, an alliance which brought him in personal touch with one of the world's most picturesque and daring stories of the sea. Luke E. Wright was born In Giles County, Tennessee, August 29, 1846 the son of Archibald W. Wright, one time Chief Justice of tho Supreme Court of this State. He was edu cated in privato schools and the Uni versity of Mississippi, finishing at Hamilton College, New York, the in stitution from which EHhu Root graduated in 1864. He was educated for tho law and began his practice Ini Memphis, wher he won his spurs on tho political battlefields, cerving as district attor ney for Shelby County. During the yellow fever ocourge of 1878 he was active in relief work in Memphis and ever since his name has been associated with all move ments there of a civic betterment or charitable nature. A life-long Democrat, he broke with his party first when he voted with the five thousand State credit Sky Blues for J. H. Fusoell in 1882 against the Democratic nomine Gen. Wm. B. Bate, for Governor, and then again in 1896 on tho silver is sue when he supported the Palmer and Buckner ticket. Early in 1900 he was selected by President Mc Kinley as a member of the Philip pine Commission and he remained in tho islands for six years. In 1903 and 1904 he was president of the commission and then he was appoint ed civil governor of the islands, which was but a step to governor-general, post he occupied until appointed ambassador extraordinary and pleni potentiary to Japan in 1906. He re signed in 1907. The following year, on July 1, President Roosevelt appointed him Secretary of War and he served in the cabinet until the end of the Roosevelt administration. . I General Wright was put forward by his friend3 as a candidate for the United States Senate to succeed the late Senator Robert Love Taylor, and until the Shelby delegation wavered in his support he was a formidable contender. The memory of a great task well done, of high positions worthily oc cupied survives him. And with such honorable legacy is coupled the more intimate memory of a man of prepossessing appearance, with twinkling eyes and unruly hair, ap proachable, genial, liberal and gen uine a man whom all men liked and of whom countless pleasant tale3 are told. It is for his bie-heartei nd human qualities, no less than for the high service he has rendered to his country and the prestige ho lent to his Stale, that he will be remem bered with no less of affection than of pride. Nashville Tennessean. Banker's Friends Elated Twelve years ago I became af flicted with stomach trouble which steadily became worse. I frequently became prostrated with colic attacks and bloating. My doctors wanted io operate for gall stones. I wished to avoid an operation and on advice of a friend tried Mayr's Wonderful rvemeuy wun excellent results as since taking it about 2 years ago my trouble has entirely disappeared." it v removes me catarrhal - mucous from the intestinal tracf., and allays the inflammation which causes prac tically all stomach, liver and intes tinal ailments, including appendici tis. One dose will convince or money refunded at Oliver's Drug Store. Their Monument a Column. Most any editor can read an obit uary notice, and tell at glance if the decedent's subscription to his home-town paper was paid up. Modesty in- our day consists la merely doubling your salary when you are lying about it. ' NOTICE rAhWi YOU are busy housing your grain now and you should protect the fruits of your year's labor with Insurance. ' We write Terni Insurance jon Grain arid Hay Money to Loan on Fann Property. HOWELL A BRANSFORD, Agent -ASnnCME PROTECTORIES UNION CITY. TENN. South First Street. Phone 261 THE SHOE FACTORY DRIVE is now over. The'next thing to do is beginning to save your money to pay your subscriptions. Let me show you how easy it is to do when ordering your fresh meats, groceries and fruits, call 337 and we will save you enough each week to help pay your subscription. Our terms are cash, or weekly pay- w. w all 11 ments. below are a rew items 1 will call your attention to, tor comparison with what you pay at other places: Beef Roast, per pound 10c, to 2c Beef Steak, per pound 20c to 23 c Pork Sausage, made fresh daily, per pound l. 25c Pork Roast, per pound ; . 1 8c to 22c Pork Chops - 25c Ham Pork Steak, per pound 27c GROCERIES. First class Sorghum Molasses, per gal , 85c Flour, for24-lb. sack, from . 95c to $1.35 Good flat, grain Coffee, per lb . ; 20c Meyer Bros. Jewel Coffee, per lb 30c No. 2 canned Peaches ; 25c to40c No. 1 canned Tomatoes . .. 10c No. 2 canned Tomatoes. 15c Canned Corn -- 10c to 18c Hominv. 15c or 2 for ; 1- 25c Canned Kraut 15c Pork and Beans 15c, or 2 for . 25c Dried Peaches - 20c Dried Apples ---20c Prunes - - c Many other things sold on a close margin. Give us you? order and put the pennies you save each time away and when your subscription comes due you 'will have the money saved by buying at V. E. WHITE'S Cash Meat Market and Grocery Store, Corner Home and College Streets. Cumb. Phone 337. Notice of Filing of Clerk's Eeport of All Claims Against the Estate It. A. Sanford, Deceased. The Commercial, $1 a Year To Dovie Sanford, administrator R. A. Sanford, and to. all persons interested in said estate, cither as creditors or beneficiaries: One year having expired from No vember the 4th, 1921, the date of notice of qualification, in the County Court of Obion County, Tennessee, of Dovio Sanford as the administra tor of R. A. Sanford, deceased (who died domiciled in the 9th Civil Dis trict of Obion County, Tennessee, om the 12th day of August, 1921), you, and each of you, are hereby advised that I, R. H. Bond, Clerk of the County Court of Obi- n County, Tenn., will on FRIDAY, DECEMBER THE 1ST, 1922, in my office at the Courthouse in Union City, file a re port of all claims against the estate of said R. A.s Sanford, doceased: at any time within 30 days from the filing of such report, you, or either of you may file written exceptions to any claims against said estate there in reported: all claims, so reportod therein, and not to excepted to, will be allowed by me ac valid and just claims against and owing by said estate: and to all of which you will take notice. R. H. BOND, Clerk. Thi3 November tho 9th, 1922. 33-4t Administrator's Notice. Having qualified as Administrator of the estate of J. A. Coble, deceased, all persons having claims against said estate are hereby notified to file tie same with me at the Farmers Ex change Bank within one year troca. the date of this notice, or the same will be forever barred both in law and equity. All persons indebted to said estate are requested to make -prompt settlement. , 32-4t This November 2, 1922. . C. W. MILES, JR., Administrator of the Estate of J. A. Coble, Deed. He Doesn't' Mean Us. Another thing we've never been able to understand is why most men attribute their success to brains and their failures to bad luck. Spring dale (Wash.) Reformer. - Manyintellig ent mooters ovenooit ese few simple facts about food- th EvERY mother interested in her children's welfare meets a problem in the proper feeding of her boys and girls. Parents often do not realize the evil effects of mal-nutrition; and that care in the selection of food will avoid a large percen tage of children's ills. One of the best of all foods for providing proper nourishment for growing boys and girls is Grape-Nuts made of whole wheat flour and malted barley, and scientifically baked for twenty hours. This long baking brings out a delicious flavor, makes the food easy to digest without fermentation. Grape-Nuts with milk or cream is a complete food. Here is a suggestion for better health: Serve Grape-Nuts as often as the folks wish it. ' "There's a Reason" Sold by Grocers Everywhere! Made by Pot rum Cereal Co.,-Inc.; Battle Creek, Mich.