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Feature Article for Parisian Readers
jff is Aunvr 9 Each We k phis Page Contains a Special Feature by Writers ol Recognized Ability Secured for the Readers of I ; Paris and .Vicinity. LATEST $ TDARCn I T HAS Jften recurred in polar exploration. Hi" la many other phases of hu- ' man activity, that the so-1 called lasjt word is not - the. final fone, ' When the remarkabjle series of arc tic exDedltions came to an end, after years of j fruitless search (for the long-lost Sir John Franklin, f.Taa fleet commander, Sir Edward itBelcher, write "The Last of the Arc 'tic Voyages." ,: ! No one was morv surprised than iBelcher when McClii tock's search in (the Fox was, initiated, and the final i record was made of Franklin's death land of the . discoveries of his shlp 1 imates. ' And then followed that line 'of heroic i American .explorations which; opened up the wondrous wa terways of the West Greenland coast and thus Unbarred the hitherto closed gates to the very pole. ' , In years just passed, when the stir ping dispatch came announcing that (Perry h.ad reached the .north ' geo graphic pole,the acme of his ambi tious strugglI of a quarter of a cen tury, the wir went round that arc tic exploration was at an end. Even that virile and indomitable Idescendant of the Norse Vikings, Roald Amundsen, was deterred from that arctic voyage on which he had already started. Turning the prow of the Fram from Bering strait he sailed Southward, and, scaling high antarc tic peaks with Norwegian ski and dog- drawn sledges, attempted the south geographic pole. When the year 1913 opened there rwas noted a widespread recurrence of popular interest in arctio fields of research, so that there were no less Ithan six expeditions initiated, ex cluding those of Russia. The Dane, Koch, and the Swiss, de Quarvain, grossed the Greenland Icecap at dif ferent points. The German Schroder- Btraui, found disaster and death in North Spttzbergen. Meanwhile the Canadian, Stefansson, planned to ireach the hypothetical continent long (forecast by Americans. The Ameri an, McMillan, sought definitely to iutllne Crocker Land. The French man, Prayer, re-explored that Franz (Josef Land which his father was first to traverse. Amundsen now starts via Bering ' strait to drift northwest- rward with the ice floes of the Sibe jrian ocean. These all represent what may be called foreign and idealistic exploration, as compared with the Russian expeditions, which - are do mestic and economic. Before describing the discoveries of iLieutenant Wilkitzky, the Russian, it will be well to set forth foreign in vasions into the Siberian ocean near est to Nicholas Second Land. First iln order is the expedition of 1880, "commanded by De Long, which drift ed northwesterly from Bering strait 'until the Jeanette was crushed by the ice, Nansen followed In the Fram, adopt Ing De Long's plan. The drift of the .Fram was a practical continuation of that of the Jeanette, though no land 'was seen, and the ship passed Into 'deep water about 260 miles to the uiorth of the new Siberian islands. The most important addition to the hydrography of the Siberian ocean, itime and means considered, was made , 'by Capt Edward H. Johaoesen, in the iaalllng schooner Nordland. Leaving Cape. Mouritius, Nova Zembia, ha , found the ocean ice-free; so . that he crossed to Capo Taimur, near Cape Chelyurskln. On August 16, 1878, he discovered in 77 degrees 42 minutes inorth latitude, 86 degrees east longi tude, an island named Eisamkeit i Lonely island), scarcely more than 1100 miles to the west of Nicholas Seo- 'iond Land. Most interesting were the expert' races of Byron A. E. von Nordensk- '4Jold, the greatest, all phases of action tand of knowledge considered, of arc ftlc explorers. In his unique voyage, the circumnavigating or Asia, be (reached on August 19, 1878, the north .point of Asia. CaptUn Chelyuskin, 'which he determined to be in 77 de crees 36 minutes north latitude 103 degrees 17 minutes east longitude. As !he was the first known visitor to the cape since Its discovery by Chelyus kin by sledge Journey in 1742, Its isurroundings were carefully noted. Nordebsjold sent his supporting steamer, the Lena, seaward to dredge, She was stopped by heavy and very I close Ice in about 77 degrees 45 min utes north, some 75 miles south of .Nicholas Second Land, to which she made the nearest approach hitherto on record. The discovery of Nicholas Second Land is simply an incident in the eco nomic development of the Russian em- fire. The general public is unaware of the astounding potential resources of arctic Russia Ita areas extends , fealf way around the world through 1 ADDITION i ii ii si -f iwi irw urn uv Nichols &oconct Lttnof 168 degrees of longitude while the distance -across It exceeds by many hund&J miles that from the north ernmost point of North America to the Isthmus of Panama. The survey of these remote regions was but one of the many progressive improvements for Russia initiated by that luminous character, Peter the Great. Planned In his last years, this most extended of geographic sur veys ever attempted was known as the Great Northern expedition; It lasted 17 years, from 1725 to 1742. Its results gave fame to Bering, Mura vief, to the Laptlefs, to Prontschischef and others. In later days they were followed by Kotzebue, Wrangel, Anjou and Sannlkof. How Russia has persistently pursued a maritime policy for the develop ment of Siberian trade has been fully set forth by Gen. J. de Schokal sky, Russian imperial navy, in vari ous publications. Safe routes of nav igation to and from the valleys of the Yenesei, of the Lena and of other lesser rivers are absolutely essential for the prosperity and development of this habitable empire, which is half as large again as is the United States, v Siberia is no longerr a coun try of convicts, but a land swarming with pioneers, a wondrous leaven among its 10,000,000 of inhabitants. Routes via the Kara sea and around the north end of Nova Zembia have been tested, but neither has been found same for commercial ships year after year. It was then suggested that a satisfactory route could be found by entering Bering strait. This would enable Russia to obtain a Siberian out let, with Vladivostok as the main port, to which would be shipped the prod ucts of the vast region to the east of Cape Chelyuskin. In the summer of 1912 two power ful ice-breakers, the Taimyr and the Vaigatz, made safely a voyage via Bering strait to and from the Lena Soundings and surveys- were made en route, but Ice conditions around Cape Chelyuskin prevented the ships from returning to Russia through the Kara sea Early in July, 1913, the ice breakers Vaigatz and Taimyr left Vladivostok to prosecute their surveys and to re new their efforts to round Cape Chel yuskin and return to St. Petersburg through the Kara sea ' The expedition was under command of General Sergelef, imperial Russian navy, who was incapacitated by a stroke of apoplexy. Lieutenant Wil- kltzky, imperial navy, succeeding to the command, made a running survey of the Asiatic coast from the Kolyma river, latitude 70 degrees north, long! tude 160 degrees east, to Cape Chel yuskin. It is the first time that this cape has been visited by a ship com ing from the eastward. Wilkitzky's hopes of completing the circumnavi gation of Asia were destroyed in longi tude 96 degrees east where he found an impenetrable barrier of solid ice. As the sea was open to the north, he decided to explore this unknown area of the Siberian ocean. '. To his astonishment, he soon sighted high peaks, the summits of a new land. In latitude 81 degrees . north, longitude 100 degrees east he landed, hoisted the Russian Imperial colors, took pos session of the land in the name of the czar and named it Nicholas Second Land.' Wllkitzky followed the land north ward, finding it with a continuing northwesterly trend. In latitude 81 degrees north, longitude 96 degrees east, he found a' pack of solid Ice, which forbade further progress, though the land reached as far as the eye could see. Retracing his course, the southern, extremity et the new land was. found in latitude 79 de grees north, longitude 104 degrees east, whence the cc&t took a trend to the northeast Xtae Land is thus MA J. GEN. A.W. GREELY.U.5.A. and its rvstiort to ih North Pols known to extend through more than two degrees of latitude, with a coast line of nearly 200 miles. While data to that 'effect are lack ing, it is probable that Nicholas Sec ond Land consists of a number of close lying islands, similar to Franz Josef Land. Its high, abrupt cliffs, and many isolated peaks seem to sus tain Wilkitzky's opinion" that it may be of volcanic formation. Despite the fact that vegetation was scant at tae-T' landing place, the land evidently abounds in arctic game. Traces of reindeer were visible, polar bears were J seen, and bird life was abundant. Off shore many walrus were seen. The large collection made by the Russian officers of specimens relating to the geology, the fauna and the flora will throw much light on its physical con ditions. .In the way of general knowledge it is evident that the continental shelf of Asia is hroader than has been gen erally supposed, being from 300 to 350 miles or more in width, When forced from the southern shores of Nicholas Second Land by the ice pack,- Wilkitzky found the ocean to the east quite ice tree. He steamed easily along the seventy ninth parallel, through the sea where De Long and his gallant companions drifted for months, ice-beset until the Jeanette sank. Some additions and . corrections were made in the number and posi tion of the De Long islands. Most im portant was the discovery by Wil kitzky on Bennett island of the diaries and records of Baron Toll This Rus sian explorer visited this island by sledge in 1902 and doubtless perish ed on his attempted return Journey to Kotelnol island. The scientific world will await with Interest thaast mes- L tist, who gavo-iii life to advance geographic knowledge to Russian do minions. It is a happy coincidence that this very year a memorial tablet to Bar on Joll is in process Of In BtallmeM on Kotelnol island. Coal Now From 8pitzbergen. . The vast coal fields of Spitsbergen are at last being opened up, and by an American. John M. Longyear of Marquette, Mich., who has a title to 170 square miles from a Norwegian company, reports that his company has shipped 35,000 tons this year. The Engineering and Mining Jour nal says that a deposit of about 60, 000,000 tons exists in Spitsbergen. The mines are worked by from 250 to 300 men and although the shipping season lasts but three months, mining is carried on throughout the year. But Spitzbergen Is still a No Man's Land and the . northern nations of Europe look upon Mr. Longyear and his American company as Interlopers. In fact, Russians have already invad ed t'le company's territory and taken away a cargo of coal. Consequently the Americana are In a quandary a to what to do. v ; Old Mother Hubbard. A rare discovery has been made In the realm of literature nothing loss than the author of "Old Mother Htib- bardyv. whose lines, unprotected Jty copyright, were appropriated by suc cessive editors of Mother Goose with' out the least bit of a "thank you." -The discovery of the name of the au thor was made by a clergyman of the church of ' England, the present vicar of Yealmpton, in County Devon, who has given the news of his happy finding to the press. He says that the author was Sarah .Catherine Martin, who wrote the . imperishable rhyme more than a hundred years ago, and that Mother Hubbard herself- was housekeeper to the squire of Yealmp ton. The pronunciation of this name Is not given, but taking the hungry dog of the poem into account, one may guess It off aa yelp-ton. (Copyright) BIG DAM BURSTS; . VALLEY IS FLOODED WALL OF WATER 20 FEET HIGH HITS W. VIRGINIA TOWNS." Cumberland, Md. Huddled In rude shacks and about blazing camp fires, hundreds af flood refugees watched and waited in the West Virginia hills while the northern branch of the Po tomac River, swollen to an icy flood, swept through their homes in the towns that dot the valley below. ; A wall of watev, starting from the broken dam of the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company, 6n Stoney .creek, moved down to the Potomac, inun dated the town of SchelL W. Va., where the two streams met, and started a flood .wave, laden with wreckage and ice, down the Potomac Valley, t , Warnings of the approaching flood sent the residents of small towns along the river Bcurrying to safety In the hills, where, from vantage pointB, they peered through the darkness in an'-icy gale toward the swollen wa ters below j"' " , - . - TeleEranh and teleohoar? communis cation was cut off by the flood dhnffg the day, but was re-established at night. Rumors of several men caught in the flood waters at Shaw, W. Va., twenty miles from Schell, which could not he confirmed, were the only re ports of casualties attending the flood. The flood warning emptied the town of Shaw and sent many residents of Blaine, Harrison, Kitzemlller and oth er small places hurrying to the ridges. Fear that the waters might rise still further prevented many refugees from returning to their homes, even In the towns where little damage was done. The flood wave apparently expended Its energy In a mad twenty-mile dash down the valley of the Stony creek, from the bursted dam to Schell. This valley, however, was virtually unin habited. It was owned by the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company as a right of way and watershed. The big dam, which impounded a lake of water five miles long and which was sixty-five feet high, had been weakening for several days. ' It began to crumble and' a farmer from the mountain village of Mount Storm rode down the valley warning the few inhabitants of the impending break. A part of the big structure gave way early, and at noon the sweeping waters carried away the greater part of the face of the dam. The released weight of water in a wall-like wave swept down to Schell. There the roadbed of the Western Maryland Railroad was washed out and traffic on the road was tied up. , Below Schell the rushing water Joined the Potomac river, and for 70 miles the gradually diminishing wall of water rolled on, increasing the height of the river by from three to eight feet in Its 70-mlle course be tween Schell and Cumberland. The Potomac was filled with ice, and this, with wreckage . and log booms, torn from their moorings, add ed force to the flood. ' Fearful lest the mass of wreckage pile up and pen the rushing waters, the authorities and railroad officials dynamited several Small bridges in the valley whleh threatened to Jam the rush. Trust Bills Must Wait Washington, Congress has much business to transact before It under takes consideration of anti-trust legis lation, concerning which President Wilson will address it, and it Is the aim of Democratic leaders to shorten the session as much as possible. Sapula, Okla.- Pretending they were fighting, Turner, holdup, and Johnson, horse thief, lured Jailer Joe Hereford inside the Greek county Jail and lock lng him in the cage, made good their escape. " ; . . . No Free Messages., Philadelphia, Pa. Charles Heeber, counsel for the Reading interests, ex plained at, the Interstate Commerce Commission inquiry into the anthra cite coal industry that messages of the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Company, which are alleged to have been sent free of charge by the Phil adelphia, Reading & Pottsville Tele graph Company, werelMot sent free for tie reason tflat ,.tne wire over whf h they are transmitted is leased Jollity by the Reading Railway and the aeadlng Coal t Iron Company, ' 1 PRESIDENT WANTS . BOARD TO CONTROL WOULD PASS ON INDUSTRIAL ACTS INTERSTATE CONCERNS. Washington. President Wilson will recommend a federal board ov com mission to pass on the industrial acts of interstate corporations and to tell such corporations Just how far they can go under the law against monop oly or restraint of trade. This is the new idea in his trust message to Congress, which he Indi cated to senators and House members that he would read to Congress Tues day or Wednesday. V ' Other features of his message on the trust question, as outlined by him to members, of Congress will be: A clear definition of what is re straint of trade without conflict with the supreme court's decision that the "rule of reason" must be applied by the courts in their decisions. DrV::',Tr;stition against inter- LWktne dlrectol among industrial corporations, railroads and there shall be steamship line freedom izlng of on and a minim- mtrol or dictation, uilt shall be per- Instate sonal an .altles for viola- tion atta The presided erred during the day with Senat Newlands of the Senate commen. ommittee and with Chairman Cla; tlves Webb, Vs h. A ft t,l, Carlin and Floj4 . of the Judiciary committee, who have the trust legislation in charge. He made it clear to the legislators that he expects anti-trust legislation at the present session of Congress, but he was not insistent that such legis lation must be taken up in Congress immediately. v. The White House, it U announced, will not interfere wiiu tba present pro gramme of House Democratic Leader Underwood to rush through the ap propriation bills and other necessary legislation for the government that the way may be cleared for an early adjournment In the summer..,. To this plan the Senate has agreed and will sit daily to take up legislation as fast as it can be rushed through, ' , President Wilson demands, however. that in fulfillment of party pledgeB there shall be enacted anti-trust legis lation supplemental to the Glass-Owen currency law in favor of the farmers. He promised such legislation when he signed the currency bill. This legis lation, he is urging "on congressmen, must run with the appropriation bills and must he considered Just as im portant for passage. The corporation federal .board or commission being urged by the presi dent is a progressive Republican idea and acceptance of this scheme by the president for control of trusts meets with their enthusiastic approval. This plan has been opposed by Democratic leaders on the House Judiciary com mittee and the House Interstate and foreign commerce committee, as smacking too much of paternalism on the part of the government, i Behind this federal hoard of ted eral control is a plan on the part of the president to provide for complete publicity of affairs of corporations. ALL RESCUED FROM COPIJID Wireless Wins Anothe Nova Sco Yarmouth. N. C what seemed almo, passengers and Mall packet cob' Yarmouth harbor. for assistance, wl' made thirty-six hour swered as the doon' being racked to piei Rock, six miles off Por Lawyer a S Chicago-Isaac M J son-in-law of former Peter S Grosscup, shot self in the Palmer H dan i3 thought to haj before shooting himse msefi fragedy( ; Triple Trged . Hamlet, N C Will Sir borer, killed his bride of t and her mother, Mrs. J. CI at the Wiggins home sar then committed suicide. ' 1 . Uirl Get a 2$ Cent Bottla ferine Right Now Also . .ttops Itching Scalp. fcln, brittle, colorles and scraggy a!r is mute evidence of a neglected dandruff that awful scurf. nothing so destructive to dandruff. It robs the hair its strength and its very Ufe;. eventually producing a feverish aess and itching of the scalp, which, If not remedied causes the hair Toot to thrink, loosen and die-Hhen the hair falls out fast. A little Danderlne tonight now any time will surely save your hah . -j ' , . ;; Get a 25 cent ottle of Knowlton Danderine from any store, and after the first application your hair win take on that life, luster and luxuriance which Is so beautiful. It will become wavy and fluffy and have the appear ance of abundance; an Incomparable) gloss and softness, but what will please you most will be after Just s few weeks' use, when you will actual ly see a lot of fine, downy hairnew hair growing all over the scalp. Adv. Modern Ostentation. Thornton Fannie Flaehley carries her bankroll in her stocking. Rosemary I'm not surprised. Sha always seemed fond of flaunting her wealth. Judge. COLDS & LaGRIPPE 5 or 8 doses 666 Will break any case) of Chills & Fever, Colds & LaGrippe; it acts on the liver better than Calo mel and does not gripe or sickea. Price 25c. Adv. 1 Looks That Way. "If we are good we will come back to earth a number of time." "Some people prefer to take no chances on that possibility." "How's that?" "They prefer to lead double lives now." Courier Journal. Dr. Pierce's Pellets, small, sugar-coated, easy to take as candy, regulate and invig orate stomach, liver and bowels. Do not gripe. Adv. At the Boarding House. " "It's hard," said the sentimental landlady at the dinner table, "to think that this poor little lamb should be destroyed in its youth Just to cater to our appetites." " "Yes," replied the smart boarder, struggling with his portion, "It -is toueh." 'u Things Have Improved well known politlcianrrat a dln nefMA, Washington, saidof commer cial honesty; : . .! ''CommerciaVfeurfefty is improving. When a man lies to you and cheats you, it no longer excuses him to say. 'Caveat emptor" 'It's business' and shrug and smile. , - "In fact," he ended, "things have now so much improved that if some multl-milllonalres were to lose their fortunes the same way they gained them, they'd insist on somebody go ing to Jail." Of a Wild Nature. Just outside the entrance to the yard at the Naval academy is an apartment house where many young officers live, and baby carriages are a not Infrequent sight in this vicinity. Not long ago the commander of the yard had a notice posted on one side of the gate forbidding automobiles to enter, because they frightened the. - V o 1 1 1 1- 1. ' r lowing unofficial none? ,jp iv the other side of the gate:""v "Baby carriages and perambN. not allowed in this yard. They stWv the bachelors." , WONDERED WHY. - Found the Answer Was ;"Coffee,j Many pale, sickly persons wond for years why they have to suffer 5 ana eventually aiscover inx. uio -caffeine in coffee is the bain tk of the trouble. , ' -i ; -"' j : "I was always very fond' otoj and drank It every day. 1 never much flesh and often wondered, v' was always so pale, thin and we; "About five years ago my completely broke down and I ' fined to ny bed.. My stomach such conditiorfthat could hp sufficient nourishment to s- -offae. didn't think hT . le A scalp; of - There Is I the hair as 4 of its luster, A 1 A; A- .'.'