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IN 1IEN11Y COUNTY " THAN ANY OTHER NEWSPAPER REST ADVERTISING MEDIUM FOR THE LOCAL BUSINESS CONCERNS I i THE PAPER WITH A CIRCULATION AT HOME VOLUME XX PARIS, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, MAY 28, 1915 NUMBER 12 i in irsnrmaini i ) ' r STATE New Law Gives Counties Op portunity to Use State Labor. Board Solicit Contracts It has become generally known that Senate Bill 687, providing for the working of convicts on the public road3 in Tenneasee was passed, giving to the state i privilege for which good roads advocates have fought and work ed for many years. This is one of the important pieces of legislation which camo out of the steady gnna oi tne Fifty-ninth general assembly and every county in Tennessee today ha the opportunity to avail itself of the opportunity and the privilege to improve its public highways by working convict labor either from the main pris on at Nashville, or from the state mines at Petros. The board of control of Tennessee has given the measure thorough and careful study, and at this time is ready to entertain appli cations for contracts from any county in Tennessee ready to have road improvement done. Lest there be an avalanche of applications sent in to the board of control from every county in the state, it should be added right here thatit is strictly a business proposition, and like all of the activities of the state's enterprises and intererts under the direction and supervision of the board of control, it will be conducted on a strictly business basi3. The convict labor is avail able, but those who enjoy it must pay the state, in accordance with the new law. The law governing the em ployment of the convicts on the public roads is regarded as a mo del one and eminently fair in every respect. Any county may secure the convict labor, but they must pay the state $1 per day for each convict. As stated by one member of the board of control, this at first thought, might seem unreason able, and the counties might not seem disposed to pay this amount for the work. When the propo sition is given more careful con sideration, however, many ad vantatages will be noted, and the plan becomes an excelbnt one, from which the counties may accrue substanti al benefits. It is claimed that the convict la bor will prove much superior to the ordinary road labor and that the results from a day of convict labor on highways would be practically double the result of the work of the same number of ordinary laborers. It is fur ther claimed that the price of $1 per day for .each convict is at least 50 cents less than other la bor could be 'employed. The state does not contemplate the making of profit on the road building work of the convicts, subsistance of the convict inside the walls at the prison and his maintainence averages upward of 65 to 75 cents per day. The same convict's maintainence while at work on county roads would be at least 10 or 15 cents more, on account of the necessi ty of guards, expense of camps, i and other extra expense, j which would leave but little mar gin between the charge of $1 and the actual expense. j The charge for the labor pro-; vided for in the bill is nqt intend ed as a source of profit for the state, as it is, after a manner, like taking money out of one pocket and putting it into anoth er. The charge, however, pre vents discrimination in the handling of the labor and regu lates the placing of it. If the convict labor were free, every county in the state would be in sisting on it, and, since all could not get it, dissatisfaction would result. Another reason for the charge is that some counties will not need the convicts, and if the work were to be done free, or at the expense of the state, one county would be receiving the good at the expense of another county, which would help pay the expenses in their taxes, and would receive nothing for it. 1 It is expected that many coun ties will begin at once to make arrangements to avail themselves of the convict labor, which will be open for contract in large numbers during the summer months especially. There is a provision in the measure that sets a minimum of labor at the Petros mines during the summer months, and all convicts above this minimum, which is just suf ficient to keep tbe mines running and the plants in good repair, will be available for road work. President Denton of the board of control is very much interested in the possibilities of the new plan, and predicts a great impe tus in good road building in Ten nessee as a result of the convict good roads labor measure. . flip . STAFF Nashville, May 22. -Officers of the National Guard of Tennes see and the governor's staff were announced tonight, as fol lows: Chief of staff, the adjutant- general, Charles B. Brogan. Quartermaster-general, Law rence D. Tyson; commissary- general, John M. Tuther: inspector-general, David C. Chapman; judge advocate general, Sid R. Clark; surgeon-general, Evander M. Sanders. The "following aides-de-camp, with rank of colonel: Harry S. Berry, Henderson ville; William J. Bass, Chatta nooga; Thos. W. Wrenne, Nash ville; Edgar J. Graham, Pine wood; Robert H. Farley, Cookeville; James M. Bracklin, Dyersburg; G. Harris Robertson, Jackson; W. R. Crabtree, Chat tanooga; Nathaniel T. Fullaney, Bristol; Joseph C. Mundy, Knoxville; R. S. Hill, Lebanon; A. B. Broadbent, Clarksville; Marion VanCleave, Paris; Aaron Bergeda,, Nashville; Joseph M. Dedman, ' Columbia; Matthew Teornton, Fayetteville; Sam M. Fleming, Franklin. Chaplin, with the rank of col onel, Jas. I. Vance, Nashville Aides-de-camp with rank" of major: Grover C. Summers, Rogers ville; Paul A. Rye, Paris; Robert A. Bailey, Jr., Nashville; Clint Adkin, Paris. A dollar will buy twenty nick el smokes, and you'll puff them all away within a week or less. And that dollar would buy an en cyclopaedia of- knowledge if invested in a subscription to this paper. Mount a little higher on th3 ladder, brother, and toss us a plunk. If you simply must "throw on on dog," make it a full grown one and not a pup. FOR EXTRA SESSION If Governor Calls Session Will Be To Try and Fulfill Party Pledges. lhe consensus of opinion among the legislators and the politicians who vegetate about the capitol is that there will be an extraordinary session of the Legislature. The only question is when the session may be called. The talk of an extra session to follow the expiration of the Fifty-ninth im mediately was current even be fore adjournment. But that dis appeared when Gov. Rye called some of the members before him and stated that they might obvi ate an extra session by consent ing to strike out the $50 donation for each member from the mis cellaneous appropriation bill. He assured them that in the event the bill carried any such unwar ranted donation that he would veto it and an extra session would be made necessary. When the members agreed to abandon their contest for the $50 it was understood that the ses sion would be called for thi3 fall but there appeared to be no indi cation that.it might come at once. Now public opinion is crystal izing about the prospect of a ses sion within a month. The meas ures to be considered whether the 'session, is called within a month or within three or even four Jiaeame paramount if jt con-1 ceded that an extraordinary ses sion is in prospect. It is probably not putting it too strong to say that the friends of Senator Lea are anxious for an extra session. It is claimed that they are daily advising the governor of the pressing'necessi ty of the passage of some anti raiload legislation and especially the enactment of a compulsory primary law. If Such There Be, Go, Mark Him Well! Breathes there a man with soul so dead, who never to him self has said, "That editor has quite a head. I'm glad I take his paper, He's got a raft of grit and sand, he prints the news of all the land, he boosts the town to beat the band and that's the proper caper. He soaks the grafters in the neck, saves the Ship of State from wreck, he's Jonnie on the spot, by heck, when things are in a jumble. He writes the ads that bring the dough, he chases all our gloom and woe, he tells us all we want to know anl yet he is quite humble. He never gets a bit siuck up, he's worked'since Hec tor was a pup to earn his daily bite and sup and have a little over. I know we owe him many plunks, so let us shame the other skunks and furnish him with kale in chunks,' wherewith to live in clover." Ex. W. G. Adams Enters Race for Trustee Mr. W. G. Adams, one of Paris' most ' prominent citizens, entered the race for trustee of Henry county, and his announce ment will be found in this issue. Mr. Adams is a prosperous citizen, and since his residence in Paris he has made many staunch friends throughout the entire county. He was born and raised on a farm in Graves coun ty, Ky., about 14 miles, from the Henry count line. In" 1904 he made the race for constable and carried his home precincn 123 against 25 for his competitor, there being four precincts in the district. At the same time the election for governor and other county officers was held and in his home precinct Mr. Adams secured more votes jthan any other candidate. jj He came to Paris in 1908 and was the first year ' connected with the Douthit Tobacco Co., and the following two years with Douthit & Crosswy and during that time was of much service to the farmers in helping "them to secure the very highest prices for their tobacco. He later be came engaged in his present oc cupation, real estate, and has been in that business up to the present. During his careel as real estate dealer he has been very instrumental in bringing capital to Henry county and has been the direct cause of the en hancing of real estate in prac tically every district whiih has greatly added to its vajue. Two years ago, as this year, Mr. Adams was solicited to enter the race for mayor of Paris by a large number of friends. He was in attendance at the first meeting to raise campaign funds in the last election and was a liberal contributor. He was also chosen on the committee of ar rangements when Henry , coun tians went to Camden at the opening of the campaign. He is 34 years old and has always been a staunch democrat and a pro gressive citizen. He wVsS mar ried to MisS Mary McFattden, of of Paris, in 191, and has oeen a member of the Baptist churct for about ten years. When the final election is held Mr. Adams will have been a citi- zen oi raris ior eignt years. We predict that he will be one of the leaders in the race. Superintendent Sherrill to Hew to the Line in Granting Certificates. Superintendent of Public In struction S. W. Sherrill has issu ed a statement reminding public school teachers that they must pass an examination before being granted certificates to teach. Prof. Sherrill has submitted the matter to. Attorney -General Thompson, who confirms the state superintendent of public instruction in his view of the law making it obligatory .. that teachers pass the state examina tion. It is reported that some certificates have been issued to public school teachers on "suc cessful experience" without the formality of the regular exami nation. These certificates will not be recognized. The examin ing board consists of members of the state board of education and the state superintendent. In his statement Prof. Sherrill says that ths standard of effi ciency among public school teach ers of the state is low, and in support of this points to the fact that the schools of the larger cities will not recognize the state certificates. He urges that all teachers make a sacrifice if nec essary to attend an examination which will weed out the more inefficient and thus raise the standard to that extent. T BRING HIGH PRICE Carload of Springers From This State Establish Record Price for Year at St. Louis. The high price for spring lambs, which is in evidence in all the markets of the country, is at tributed by the live stock papers to the breaking up of the great western sheep ranches, and failure of the rest of the country to produce more sheep has brought about a shortage in the crop this year. Tennessee, by its failure to es tablish laws protecting the land owners from the roving sheep killing dogs, has been blind to the interests of its own citizens. The live stock market at St. Louis is one of the greatest in the country, and some of the greatest live stock raisers ship to the stock yards there. The St. Louis Globe Democrat in its report of the sheep and lamb market has this to say about the record price lambs from Ten nessee that brought a higher price than lambs from any state. In its report of Thursday's mar ket the St. Louis paper says: Sheep A deck of springers from Tennessee went at $12.25, which was the top of the market, and the highest any spring lambs have sold here for several weeks, and it is thought to be the high est price a full deck of lambs ever brought here so late in the season, A few native lambs went &t $12 while Both" Missouri and Illinois furnished full car lots that sold at $11.85, with pos sibly a light sort. Eggs Shipped, Chickens Received Postmaster Shannon of Nash ville has a mystery to solve. Following up the active cam paign for parcel post business, the superintendent, E. M. Mor gan has secured a number of regular shippers of country pro duce to Nashville. Friday, Mr. Morgan was notified that a ship ment of 160 eggs had been mailed via parcel post to a certain address in Nashville, and to be on the lookout for them, for prompt delivery, as it was desir ed that the eggs be not kept in the warm temperature of the postoffice. i Superintendent Mor gan watched for the package, and to his surprise a package came, containing no less than 142 tiny chickens, which it seem ed.hadjust hatched. No pack age of eggs had made its appear ance. The chicken parcel with all the chicks doing well was to the same address and Superintend ent Morgan referred the matter to the postmaster to figure out whether a package of eggs had been scrambled and lost in the mails, or whether the postoffice department should submit a bill for incubation charges of 142 chickens. . Dr. G. H. Trevathan Named On Board of Pharmacy. Dr. G. H. Trevathan of Paris was appointed Monday by Gov. Rye as a member of the state board of pharmacy to succeed O. J. Jones, a prominent Jack son druggist, who recently re signed. Dr. Trevathan has been in the drug business at Paris for thirty years or more and no man stands higher in this community. In the last campaign Dr. Trevathan and his son, Charles Trevathan. spent much of their time and means in behalf of Tom Rye, their neighbor and lifelong friend. The office is not a sal aried one, the members only get ting small pay for the short time they sit as examiners. The board as now constituted is as follows: President, F. W. Ward. Memphis; vice-president, W. A. Clark, Nashville; George Treva than, Paris; Richard Smith, Col umbia; J. E. Justice, Clarksyille; chemist, E. A. Rudiman, Nash ville. Mr. Trevathan has for a long time been one of Paris' most prominent citizens and business men and is well known. He has many friends throughout the state who will be gtad to learn that he has been thus honored. Bottle Broken and Old Liquor Lost The bottle of "Old Rock and Rye," of which there has been so much written and so much said since the tearing down of the old Benton county corthouse, began about ten days ago, was found when they began to remove the foundation stones. The old quart was broken and the con tents lost. Many who like mint juleps and long toddies were preparing to take one made from the pure stuff forty years old,- but now, since this is lost, they will be compelled to wait till another courthouse is built. AFTEB JULIEMBk Alt UCUbCIUUCl, liTWi lUC UCOOC French Pfeno Company of Nash ville issued a check to G. W. B. Mar able for $3.00. The check dropped out of existance and the books of the piano company shows that it taa never been paid. Friday Postmaster Shan non at Nashville received from the postoffice department a letter inclosing the much mutilated and mud-covered check, with the in formation that it was in the mail on a train that had plunged through the bridge into the river at Clarksville on September 26, 1906. Many people will remem ber the serious wreck at that time. . Some of the mail that was lost in this wreck has only recently been recovered, and this check, mud-covered and torn, but with the name and amount and signa ture still legible was included. The postoffice. department has instructed the postmaster to re turn the check to the proper ow ners of it. N. C. &St. L. Makes Improvements. In the establishment of a mod ern mechanical coaling station at Hollow Kock Junction, serving the engines on the Nashville di vision and portions of the Padu cah and Memphis division, the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway management has made another step it the intro duction of more modern methods and efficiency. The new station has brought about a reduction of from 7 cent to 8 cents per ton. In addition there is a saving in time, a locomotive being able to coal now in one minute and a half instead of from 10 to 12 minutes under the old method The new coaling station was erected at a cost of approximately $12,000, and is one of the first of its kind to be used in the South. Its operation is automatic and rail road officials claim it is a revela tion. ITALY AT WAR Advises Neutral Governments Why She Proceeds to Take Action. Italy is now at war with Aus tria according to official dispatch es. Italy has addressed to the neu tral governments of the world a lengthy communication explain ing her reasons for declaring war on Austria. Count Di Cellere, the Italian ambassador, present ed the document to Secretary Bryan in the form of a note to the United States government. It reviews the negotiations be tween Italy and Austria, reveal ing that they began immediately upon dispatch of Austria's ulti matum to Serbia. Italy claimed then that action of Austria disturbed the equilibrium of the Balkans and the peace of Europe in a way vitally affecting Italian interests. As an ally of Austria Italy asserts her right should have been cousulted before send ing the ultimatum, the first newi of which was received through the newspapers. Failing to obtain through di plomacy satisfaction of her terri torial and national aspirations Italy announces in the note that declaration of war was the only means of safeguarding her posi tion in Europe. Tho document takes place in the state department archives alongside of other notes and messages-, '(j .at he out- ia "te -fficei. 6V ll.t.EytJmntIg the posi tions of each respective govern ment and their reasons for action. The King of Italy has taken supreme command of his army and navy and is now with his troops at the front. On the Aus-tro-Italian frontier and for a few miles in Austrian territory, th Italian lines stretch a distance of fifty miles or more. In their forward movement the Italians have occupied several towns and are striking toward Triest. Farmer a Suicide.. William Jones a well-known and promising farmer of Stella, six miles west of Murray, was found in the yard of his son, Bun Jones, one night last week with his throat cut, and life extinct. Mr. Jones and his wife had separated. He was in town the day before the occurence and purchased a new suit of clothei and, returning to Stella, he sat around the store until dark, and was later found in the yard with life extinct. The cause of the suicide was believed to have been the demented state of Mr. Jones' mind. He was 60 yers old. Piano Recital. The pupils of Miss Mary Co rum will give their closing recital at the court-house, Fridry even ing May 28 at 8 o'clock. The publis is cordially invited. Ad mission ten cents. , Bostick-Holliday. Thursday evening of last week Miss Effie Maye Holliday and Mr. Charles Bostick were mar ried at the home of Rev. -J. W. Joyner, in West Paris, Rev. Joy ner saying the ceremony. Both are prominent young people. Steady there! This town is in ' no danger from the Zeppelins.