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g EDUCitTION OF
wOmE OF TODAY By PAULINE WRIGHT NICHOLS. Read before the Social Scicnce Club. Present day education must pre fare for living completely 20th cen -ry life. President Jordan of Le nd.Stanford University, in an ad _,ss to his students near the begin of the century said, "Compared $h centuries that are past, the 20th stury, in its broad outlines will be $e the rest. It will be selfish, gen 0us, careless, devoted, fatuous, ef eient. But three of its traits must und out above all others-each d to a higher degree than any der century has known. The 20th ,otury, above all others, will be Snuous, complex, democratic." The characterization applies to wo ji' as well as to men. Before pass :* to the discussion of how present y women are being trained to meet most strenuous, complex and tic age let us recall the stages which the education of the Ameri woman has reached its present fullness. Sven after the first American col for men had been started, Mrs. Adams wrote, "Female educa in the best families goes no than writing and arithmetic; in some few rare instances to mu and dancing. In the first half the 18th century fewer than 40% the women of New England who legal papers wrote their the others made their marks.c were not admitted to public e until 1769. It was in the op- ` of 1852 that public high school I a of any kind became avail to Boston girls. The opening of Girls' Latin School in 1878 gave , their first opportunity to be i; for college. In Philadelphia no could be prepared for college in schools before 1893. Women slow to protect against these S Discontent was aroused Ia individual cases. It became to those who desired to of ;slhge education to women gen- h that there was little hope of tion with men's colleges then istence. The movement toward b independent women's col was the result. methods have been followed ng college education for Th establishment of colleges for women. The opening of new institutions polst rights to both sexes. b dmission of women to existing for men on equal or unequal 3setablishmpent of women's an to tlhe larger universities for the first method, followed a ft the East, may be mentioned u , assar, Smith, Wellesly, la Ikr, and the Woman's College o . Under the 2nd and tl largely in the Western h' states, has sprung up Is system of coeducation in ti controlled and directed by b All universities started in ai snce 1871 have been coedu- ti Coeducation in the Eastern ti jiletly limited. A few col- ie y Cornell and Pennsyl- * granted admission to the e loume independent institu as Swarthmore, Oberlin, iS , were coeducatioial T ; but in general, East- b t is opposed to coeduca fourth method, that of et colleges affriliated with of Suniversities and ehjoy- di gs of their faculty t, we shall cite Barnard a Columbia, Radcliffe the bi d, and Newcomb the to cf the content of this cr has become so abund- c for girls in this stren- er and democratic cen it calls for well-equip- a; Sbecause of the strenu-al time, wom n must be ni and to preserve per- ar erbert. Spacer spoke i"flat-chested girl who ed gh pressure educa- th t day physical ti and endurance wi to diminish the num- tr Genteel "qplisthen- n place to physical cul- in; life. Conscien- th are inclined to take we and themselves to t development ofs adds joyousness to mi ito "take the old it nad frolic with1s. S ayd be gronpeflgi heads: Physicallso dietetics, san- lo' I ............... itation, personal hygiene, social hy giene, and eugenics. Given sound bodies for, enduring the rigors of study'and research, we shall next consider the training of the intellect. There must be the LS. thinker behind the thing accomplish lu. ed. Surely there is no waste time spent in work which demands and develops the power of gripping a sub re- ject, grappling with difficulties, and on- so strengthening the mental muscle Le- the muscle that the modern world ad- needs for the solving of its prob min- lems. red With the changing ideals of wo 0th men's needs, the college has adided be courses to the curriculum. Rarely en- has a course been dropped. The old ef- cultural studies have been retained ust but fresh life and blood have been ch put into them which makes them more my constructive. The modern system of Dth training for culture studies the his toric past as related to the present and bearing upon the evolution of o- civilization. The departments of his s- tory and economics give the student I nt a grasp of vital current issues. These et courses ally themselves with practi nd cal courses in citizenship. No woman es should now escape a good course in ri- Government. The natural sciences, 2nt from obscure beginnings have grown to importance during the lifetime of - the woman's college. Though never rs. so largely elected as the arts, they =a- have had double significance in the no curriculum from their intrinsic value l ic; and as the source of the laboratory a' method of work. The tendency to ward the practical is realized in the ý efforts of the chemistry departments o toward food analysis, sanitation, and eir industrial chemistry; of the English ks. departments toward creative work; e and of the Language departments to- t 'P- ward skill and fluency in the use of o1 foreign tongues. The department of i- psychology, from the impetus of the of modern experimental method has de ye veloped. from a branch of philosophy ne into a thriving department. o o Household arts education is not very old. It has been a part of our en educational schools for only twenty e years; in some places it is not yet ed incorporated as a part of the general ncurriculum. If efficiency is the aim p of education for women, then the n- home subjects must he better repre of seated in high school and college n courses. Since the industries have rd been taken out of the home many girls have no training in use of their dhands. A girl of fine mind, a gradu- t: d ate of one of the Eastern colleges a' recently exclaimed, "If I only knew how to sew, what a saving it would es mean to father! And all I can cook is fudge." There are many possibili- a' i ties in relation to subject matter on both the artistic and scientific sides g of home management and study. The economics side of clothing and shel ter offer 'opportunities in connection with a general course in ecenomics. As a spender, women should have t gda knowledge of materials, their man d ufacture, how to purchase and regu- tl y, late her expenditures, how to judge s eof the wage and demands made of d the worker., and seamstress. The T n home as" a sociological study offers p large opportunities. From an artis n tic point of view much of interest can ,be offered-history of architecture, n and of the various periods of decora . tion and of furniture, interior decora- a n tion with emphasis on color harmon- ti . ies. Work in practical design should , . be offered in connection with such a l course. Here let me enter a plea .for drawing-plain freehand drawing ni -, in the education of every woman. R i The earlier it is begun in her life, the _.better. Every women knows how of _ ten she needs to use this simple work ing knowledge. It is necessary in f correlation with study' in all branches 1 of science where figures must be - drawn. It is an invaluable asset to Sbe able to enlarge or diminish as d simple a thnng as a pattern for em ebroidery-not to mention being able Sto design costumes. A correctly M trained color sense yields an ever in-B creasing pleasmu in correct color combinations and adds much to the . enjoyment of beauties in nature. -Some knowledge of music and the appreciation oi music should be the possession of every woman. Gener- n ally speaking, post graduate study is ,Inecessary to produce experts along gi ,any line. ed e I have said nothing of specialized di leducation. When we consider that at do -ithe present time there is no occupa- sc iltion which women have not entered ca elwe realize the breadth of the field of mi training possible to them. They can me Inow obtain equal professional train- ine -ing with men along all lines. Every- SI •thing learned may be used. Educated pl e women become teachers, lawyers, doe- tic Itors, librarians, stenographers sed pu fisecretaries, dietitians, lunch-r~mco 0 managers, house superintendents, d- ha Sitors, sales managers, bookkoo , teli histatisticians, organizers, lecturers, ie interior decoratora, arhiteeta, en- ed lgineers soll workers, workers for op Il social and economic reform, and fol- toe VISITORS, HOME FOLKS, AND THINGS ABOUT OUR TOWN the The purchase of a strip of land sh- from the Kleinert heirs by the city me was an immensely wise move, as an nd avenue for reaching the Middle High ub- land Road was sadly needed by those nd wishing to pass from the eastern e--portion of the city to the southern rld limits. Now gravel the new pur ob- chase and earn the thanks of grate ful fellow citizens. o- 0---- led If the City Commission were to ely condemn and purchase land for con old tinuation of America and Africa ied streets through to the grounds of the yen L. R. & N. Railroad company it would re save thousands of dollars to the city of within the near future for sooner or is- later the purchase must be made. of Rencent graduates of Miss Julia is- McGrath's school of shorthand and 'nt typewriting were Mrs. Anna F. b)ay, ,se Miss Ruth Barnett and Miss Vivian ti- Denham who are well qualified to an enter the stenographic profession. in Misses Norma Shircliff and Vivian Sims will complete the business n course the latter part of this month. ofo 'er Mr. Lep Sommers has returned ey from a stay of a few weeks in the he Eastern markets where he selected a ue large stock of goods for his popular y establishment. The most exquisite .0 styles are coming in every day and l he the most beautiful creations in spring ts dresses are on sale. -d o sh The many friends of Mr. C. F. Rat k; cliff, who has been very ill for some -. time, will be glad to know he is on of his way to recovery. he Mrs. C. J. Lecoq of New Orleans 1 e- was the guest of her daughter Miss I ,y Eugenie Lecoq during the early part of the week. r Mrs. C. M. Downs and little son t Charles have returned home from a t stay of several weeks in New Or- E al leans, the guests of Mrs. Downs' l m parents. e o--- Mrs. J. W. Basler and daughter t Mrs. Ebba Wolfe are expected home I -e in a few days from a stay of eight j months in Europe. Aafter a visit to ir relatives in Sweden, they travelled 'ex- u tensively through France, England I and other countries. `o BENOIT-AMISS. r Mr. and Mrs. L. J. Amiss have c announced the engagement of their daughter Bessie, to Richard LeRoy s s Benoit, of Shreveport, La., the wed ding to take place early in April. This announcement is one of inter est to the many friends of the young a couple. The prospective bride is one of the most popular young girls, of ?i e the Capital City. Mr. Benoit is a ' ine young man, a former student of . 'the L. S. U., and a member of the i :e Sigma Nu fraternity. eTEMPLE B'NAI ISRAEL ANNEX. The new $20,000 annex to the Tem- c Sple B'nai Israel, was formally dedi ncated on March 2nd. Mr. Henry ( 'Cohn, Jr., chairman of the building l 'committee, presented the key of the annex to President of the Congrega- a tion, E. D. Karpe. Mr. Karpe then d turned over the key to Rabbi H. F. r a Reinhart for safekeeping. 5 SThe principal speakers of the eve gning were Gov. John M. Parker and' C SRabbi Emil W. Leipzinger of the STouro Synagog of New Orleans. Both addresses were brief but very inter Sesting. r SThe following program was ex- 4 Scellently rendered: Piano solo by Mrs. B. E. Eskridge. o SInvocation by Rabbia Reinhart. , SWelcome, by Mrs. Maurice Mayer, e president of the Temple Sisterhood. o e A trio consisting of Mrs. Charles , VMaas, Miss Carrie Blum and Gustav SBraum sang the 100th Psalr. SMrs. Mayer told of the benefit the Snew annex would be to the work of the Temple Sisterhiod. e Prof. Piller delighted those present , B C numerous to name. To conclude, the right education p gives women not only specific knowl edge, but vigor and breadth of view, Idiscipline of character, and a free- 4 tdom of mind which comes from the le -scientific attitude because of her edu- - cation. She leads in the public de- b tmand, that every improvement which 4 imodern science can provide shall be s, Sincorporated in activities of the city. g - She demands clean streets, parks and d Iplaygrounds, sanitation laws, voca- f, -tional schools and manual training, Ipure food, and water protection from lcontagious diseases? well equipped - hospitals, juvenile courts and model ,tenements, municipal art, civil serv- a *,ice and lastly clean polities. Educat- t. -.ed women have been trained in co- o roperation and they are a host to carry w together the lights of learning to ahl t ,darrk akeb. ii 1d with a cello solo of his own composi ty tion. The program closed with in "America" sung by the audience. - A reception followed and the guests se were shown over the annex. ^n The annex is built in the rear of n the synagog and joined to the Tem r- ple. This building was erected to e- provide a social centre for the young people of the congregation. It is 30x60 feet in dimensions and has to two floors beside the basement. 1- The main floor consists of an audi !a torium large enough to seat 300 peo ie ple. A stage has been erected and d will serve as a place for entertain y ments. r In the basement is a kitchen with a gas stove, cooking utensils and dishes. a On the third floor there are two d class rooms for the Sunday School, a r, study for the Rabbi and a library of n books of Jewish references 0--- 1" Miss Lintot Williams spent the n week end in Woodville, Miss. '-0---- Mrs. E. O. Trahan has returned home after a pleasant visit to her mother, Mrs. R. M. Lusher of New e Orleans. a -- r PURIM BALL. e The Temple B'Nai Israel Sisterhood has issued invitations to a Purim 9 masked ball to be given at the Temple Annex on Tuesday, March 14th. A delightful time is anticipated by those - favored with invitations. e -0--.-.-- TEMPLE SISTERHOOD MEETS. The Temple Sisterhood B'nai Israel s held its first meeting in the new an s nex on Monday afternoon, with an un t usually large attendance. The rooms were beautifully decorated with bas kets of spring flowers which added to the handsomely furnished rooms. Mrs. Mayer Maas, president, pre sided over the meeting. Dr. David Fichman, director of the Jewish fed eration work in New Orleans, gave a most interesting talk on the "Rela tion of the Sisterhood in the Com munity" which was thoroughly en joyed and highly appreciated; The following excellent program under the direction of Prof. David I H. Piller was beautifully rendered: Samson et Delilia-Saint-Saens (trio) Mrs. D. H. Piller, piano; Hen ry D. Piller, viblin; David H. Piller, I cello. "Oh Rest in the Lord"-Mendel sohn (vocal solo) Mrs. Charles Mass. "Kol Nidre"-Bruch (cello) David H. Piller. Fantasie-Caprice--Mendelssohn (pi ano) Henry D. Piller. "Eili Eili"--Chalitt (vocal solo) Miss Carrie Blum. "Cantilene"-Piller (trio) Mrs. D. H. Piller, piano; Henry D. Piller, vio lin; David H. Piller, cello. Melodly-Rubenstein (cello) David H. Piller, "En Kelohenu"--Sunday schobl choir. "Torch Light March"-Meyer Beer (piano duet) Mrs. D. H. Piller and David H. Piller. "Star spangle d Banner"- Choir and congregation. Following the program, delicious refreshments of punch and cake were served the guests by the hostesses, Mmines. A. Kaufman, Albert Maas and Charles Belisle. -0---- ST. MARGARET'S DAUGHTERS. The annual meeting of St. Marga ret Daughters was held Tuesday af ternoon in the rectory, the president, Mrs. J. S. J. Otto, presiding. The officers for the year showed a higher standard of accomplishments than even. The annual Easter egg hunt on Easter Saturday will be given as usual. On these occasions the or phans of both the Catholic and Pro testant homes are the special guests of the circle. March 19, St. Joseph Day, marks the 8th anniversary of the circle and members will participate in Holy Communion in a body on that day. The election of officers was post poned until the third Tuesday in the month. Due to illness with la grippe at the home of his mother in New Or leaps, Father Colbert, spiritual di rector, was absent from this meeting but it is hoped he will be present on the 21st, when he will conduct the "question box" to be continued throughout the year. The third Tues day in each month is to be the time for answering questions. -0--o AN APOLOGY. It is to be regretted that owing to a large number of advertisements in this issue, Woman's Enterpise is obliged to omit many splendid articles which came to the office teo late for this number, but hope to publish same in next month's isue. CIVIC ASSOCIATION MEETS. A meeting of the Civic Assocqation was held on Wednesday afternoc n at the Club House. The principal business of the after noon was the election of delegates to the Sixth District Federation meeting to be held in Hammond on the 29th and 30th of March. Mrs. Lee Harris, president, Mrs. L. U. Babin and Miss Mattie B. McGrath were elected to represent the association. Mrs. Chas. Stumberg and Mrs. C. C. Devall were elected as alternates. The committee which is endeavor ing to have music taught in public schools reported favorably on this work, and feel very much encouraged with the propscts. The Community Service was en dorsed, the members pledging them selves to assisf in every way being in accord with the movement. Other matters of civic work were discussed, and it is proposed by the association to see that sewerage is run into every premise in Baton Rouge. o Cook prunes until the liquid is syrupy. Remove the pits and put in their place halves of walnuts. Ar range the stuffed prunes on lettuce leaf and serve with mayonnaise dress ing over them. STHE Great White Frost REFRIGERATOR The Circular Refrigerator con structed entirely of steel. Cannot rust. Retrieving shelves. Patent ed Water Cooler. The Lifetime Refrigerator. EXCLUSIVE AGENTS TN THIS CITY-- Mayer Furniture Co. 324-328 Third St. 'We Sell the Best for Less' ABO UT What you want in an automobile tire is most miles per dollar. We offer you most milei per dollar in every tire we sell. Buy quality-mileage at lowest prices from us open day and night-road service-every size known in stock. Capital City Auto Co., Inc. "FREE-Studebaker Ticket on every dollar cash or paid on account."