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U. D. C. DEPARTMENT
LOUISIANA DIVISION ROBERT EDWARD LEE. (A Sketch). By Leadocia Robertson Harris, His- 1 torian, Joanna Waddill Chapter, U. D.C. The Lee family in Virginia is at younger branch of one of the oldest families in England. Launcelot Lee, t the founder, was origilally from Lon don in France, and went to England with William the Conqueror. After the battle of Hastings, a fine estate 1 In Essex was bestowed upon him as one of the followers of William, and as a reward of his valor. In the year 1192 Lionel Lee, 'first Earl of 1 Litchfield, ftised a company of ca va1,irs of gentlemen, and accompa nied Richard Coeur de Lion in the 1 third crusade. One Lee after another distinguished themselves in the services of Enland I following each generation. Finally, Richard Lee, youngest son of the house of Litchfield, branched off and!, emigrated to America in the year 1600 and was the founder of the Lee 'family in the colony of Virginia, whose descendents have always oc cupied positions of honor and trusti in the State of Virginia, some of whom became possessed of consider- t able property. Major Henry Lee fought under r George Washington in 1778. He be- a longed to the famous Lee family o.f Virginia, which furnished the signer E of the Declaration of Independence, I and two representatives of the Amer- t ican colonies abroad. Robert Edward Lee, the subject of < this sketch, was born January 19th, 1 1807, at Stratford, Westmoreland i County, Virigina. . He descended from I a race of statesmen and warriors. His father was Colonel Henry ce, who won di tinction during the 'ev olutionary War, and who was subse quently Governor of Virginia. The latter was the son of Richard Lee, I whose paternal grand-father, of the 1 same name, was the founder of the family in America. Robert E. Lee's mother was Matilda Lee, a daughter of Philip Ludwell Lee, who in 1776:4 offered in the Continental Congress the famous resolution, which was 1 the introduction to the Declaration of Independence. Thus his parents we at ,ctnt cousins. Robert E. Lee was born in the old homestead, which had served the family for severall generations. His boyhood life was passed in Northern Neck, most of the time amid scenes of war during 3114. While the second war with' va England was in progress British ships in, were ravaging Virginia's coast cities. sel Robert was at that time seven years wt old, and the stirring events happen- fr( ing so near his home left an indeli- lin ble impression on his young mind. inj At the age of eighteen his inherited "S military instincts asserted themselves de and he entered West Point Military re Academy. He was a model student, da and one of exemplary habits, he won m: high honors; and graduated in 1829 co second in a class of 46, and became by brevet a second lieutenant in the of corps of topographical engineers. w] For several years he was engaged m with work in connection with the At- th lantic coast defenses. he In 1831 he married Mary Randolph Custis, grand-daughter of Martha sa Washington, from whom he inherited vc the Arlington estates on the Potomac. h, The personal history of Robert E. ar Lee is almost lost in the history of F, the great crisis of America's national st life. Political friends and foes alike fc acknowledged the disinterestedness, ei and purity of his motives, his self- pi denying sense of duty, and the unre- tl pining loyalty with which he accepted tl the defeat pf his army in the War tl between the States, it Robert E. Lee's entire life seemed 6 to have been interwoven with mili- P tary experiences. He gave his serv- f ices in the Mexican war in 1847, un- b der General Scott, and greatly dis- P tinguished himself at the siege of f Vera Cruz. Several years later he sl was appointed superintendent of West V Point Academy and after filling that v position for some time, he resigned to u accept the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of C the second cavalry regiment. The ] same year his regiment was dispatch ed to Texas to put down Indian up- s risings, and for the next four years : he was engaged in dangerous conten- ' tion with the hostile Aborigines. He was next ordered to take com-l mand of the body of militia of the t State of Virginia, which routed John|' Brown and his band of fellow con-i spirators from their stronghold at.! Harper's Ferry. This was the insig nificant prelude to the conflict be- 1 tween the 'North and South. Lee're turned to Texas, and was there in the early part of 1861, when the great crisis was approaching, he carefully watched the excited conditions in the country, but took no part in its evolu tions. It was evident'that about this time he contemplated returning to civilian life, and spending his remaining years with his wife and children upon his 1vast estates in Virginia. For in send- Friday ing his resignation from the Federal of the service April 1861 to General Scott, Divisi( when his native state had seceded a big from the Union, he wrote from Ar- pleasu lington, Virginia, a letter accompany- means ing his resignation, in which he sail of We "Save in defense of my state, I never Mrs. I desire again to draw my sword." The ride, resignation was accepted, and three ated. (days later his commission as com mander of all forces in Virginia was CAMI confirmed by the State Legislature. Then followed the long four years Can cf the War between the States, in cated which Robert E. Lee became the corn- intere I mander-in-chif of all the Armies of week - the Confederacy, and with it all its Dan h horrors and privations. of th New Year's day 1865 witnessed a visito sad and pitiful spectacle in the de- the C I voted army of General Lee. On every estinr hand he was threatened with ruin, are and with him the cause of the South. l the cl f Food was scarce, the men were in- feren I sufficiently clad in their tattered uni- meml a forms, and disease and death lurked as ths , everywhere. The confidence of the wood, - people was loosing ground. Lee was well the only man in the South in whom great d the populace had not lost faith. But' tomol r the time for hope and faith was pass- where ing, General Grant with his well are a Squippyd, and well fed army, was enjoy pushing the half-starved Confederates Afi further South. Richmond and Peters- there burg ;ad surrendered after the des- hour perate fighting and the great sacri- progi f fice of blood that had been made to Mr e save them, Lee retreating to Farm- dent ;t ville was completely hemmed in, ture at which forced the Confederates to give was 1 ;o up the struggle. Lee surrendered to D. C ]f General Grant at Appomattox Court Mrs. 1e House April 9th, 1865. succ( .- Peace was restored, Lee the main- ber. p- stay of the Southern Cause, had been ý press rs vanquished by the overwhelming i1rs. n. numbers of the enemy, but he had did fought valiantly, and in accordance alwa n- with his conscience. He' maintained the he to the last moment that he was still i resp in capable of resisting, but had sur- ter 1 n- rendered in the interest of peace, top" at and to save further blood shed. cent After the surrender Lee returned Mou e. to his home in Richmond, his wife C. 1 e-. was always with him in Richmond alth in during the Confederate war; and ac- mos 'at companied him to Lexington when hist, Ily he took charge of Washington Uni- She he versity. Mrs. Lee had strpng intel- mer lu- lectual powers, and persistently fav- rets ored the Confederate cause. Leepro] me remained quietly at home, where he pap an was visited by thousands, who called bea irs to express their admiration of his wer his abilities as a warror. Federal of- wh - ficers passing on to the North after wh( the war called on him to shake his '61 hand, and they were received with Sou dignified kindness. He was placed in hun charge of Washington University, at of Lexington, Va., where after many years' service in the education of the 4A southern youths, he died October 12th, 1870, after a brief illness, which came upon him suddenly in the form of nervous postration. His wife and children were with him when he pass ed away. Three days after General Lee's death his remains were buried beneath the Chapel of the University at Lexington. His funeral ceremony was simple in accordance to his wishes. Not only the South, but the whole nation mourned his death; for his ability and worth was everywhere recognized. February 1871, his eldest son, George Washington Custis Lee, suc ceekled him as president of Washing ton University (now Washington and Lee University). He also had a mil itary education, and had served the Confederate army during the entire war. On June 25th, 1863 he was commissioned Brigadier-General. There is a monument to Lee's mem ory in Richmond, Va., also a recum bent statue by Valentine over his 4 grave, and a full-life bronze statue on a column at Lee Circle in New Or leans. There is a portrait of him in the Senate Chamber in Richmond, still another at the University of Virginia, ( and one at the Louisiana State Uni versity, at Baton Rouge, La. Arlington, Virginia, his splendid country estate, was rendered unfit for a home; as it was confiscated by the Federals and used as a burying ground for their soldiers who fell in battle in the defense of the Union. After Lee's death, and years had brought about a more friendly feel ing in the people of the North to ward the South, Congress passed an act appropriatihg a large sum of mon ey for its purchase from the heirs, which gave the United States Gov ernment a clear title, and it was de voted entirely to a National Ceme tery. Only a few weeks ago Ameri ca's Unknown Soldier who fell in the iWorl War was laid to rest in the soil that had been twned by the im mortal Robert Edward Lee. BENEFIT BOAT RIDE. "The boat ride on the steamer Cap itol given by the three Chapters of the Daughters of the Confederacy, on Friday, Feb. 24th, was for the benefit thot of their fund to entertain the State eree Division in May. The excursion was fens a big success in' every way and much Can pleasure was dorived from this tify means of entertainment. The editor - of Woman's Enterpris, is indebted to Mrs. Feeney-Rice for a ticket for the ride, which was ver ymuch appreci ated. -o- CAMP MOORE CHAPTER, U. D. C. Camp Moore Chapter N. 562, lo cated in Tangipahoa, La., held a most interesting meeting on Friday of last jweek in the hospitable home of Mrs. Dan Settoon with a large membership of this chapter present and several visitors. The United Daughters of the Confederacy are always so inter esting that members in distant towns are regular attendants. Sometimes the chapter holds its meetings in dif - ferent parts of the parish for the members entertain alphabetically, and as there are members in Amite, Kent wood, Spring Creek, Independence as S well as in Tangipahoa, and since a great many of the members have au t tomobiles, it makes no difference where the meetings are held, they .1are always well attended and much s enjoyed. I After the business meeting is held, - there is always a delightful social hour with refreshments and a musical jprogram or a reading or two. o Mrs. R. L. Lillard is the new presi 1- dent of the chapter, and a pretty fea ', ture of the meeting of last Friday e was the presentation of a beautiful U. o D. C. pin to the retiring president, t Mrs. Dan Settoon who closed a most successful administration in Novem - ber. Mrs. Ida D. Schwartz made the n presentation speech complimenting Ig Mrs. Settoon very highly on her splen d did work. Camy Moore Chapter is Ce always ready and willing to assist in d the Division and Generali Order Work ill responding to every call. This chap r- ter has the record of "going over the e, top" in, the Hero Fund, and has re cently contributed $15.00 more to the ed Mouton Monument Fund. Mrs. Fred. fe C. Kolman, Historian of the Chapter, nd although living in New Orleans, is IC' most active sending a letter and a en historical paper for every meeting. n- She recently requested that a local el- member be made historian and she be L' retained as Assistant Historian as she ee promised to contribute her letter and he paper regularly as usual. Plans for led beautifying Camp Moore Cemetery his were discussed. Camp Moore, after ewhichi the Chapter is named, was ter where the soldiers were trained in his '61-615 and sent to fight for their ith Southland. Between three and four in hundred soldiers who died in Camp at of Measles are buried here, and al- . though a beautiful moliument has beeti erected to their memory :,,d an iron fence enclosed the acre of ground, Camp Moore Chapter ;waunts to beau. tify this sacred spot which shoAld Housekeepers Take Notice! Now is the time for SPRING HOUSE CLEANING! And if you wish to save money go to the Lobdell Hardware Co. for PAINTS, OILS STAINS, VARNISII, TC. S Make your floors look new Only $3.00 Cash and $3.00 per month will BUY A GAS STOVE The No. 286 Reliable Cooker is a three burner flat top gas stove, equipped with two oven burners; oven can be used either for baking or broiling. An ideal stove for small kitchens. Our price inecludes delivery and connection. Extra piping will be charged at regular piping rates. Phone your order. Baton Rouge Electric Co. Laurel and Lafayette'Sts. PIANTING STIME Flower Seeds and Bulbs Garden Seeds and Plants Poultry Feeds and Remedies LEHMANN'S SEED STORE 245 Main St. Phone 348. Baton Rouge, La. OThe Woman's Shop MISS EFFIE REX 0 Silks goods have for centuries been expressive of the finer things in life. Silk has for thousands of years been symbolic of beauty, luster, and luxury. For centuries silk goods were a luxury even to an 0 empress. To-day there is hardly a woman in the form for wearing apparel. We are showing a wonderful line of wash silk, crepe-de-chine, and jersey underwear, also silk negligees, boudoir caps, camisoles and petticoats. Sills hosiery in all shades, plain, drop stitch, lace and embroidered clocks. At o The Woman's Shop Miss Effie,Rex 0=,0 -00-0 United Plumbers Supply Co. Attractive 'Prices on the following: Bath iTubs. La\-a tories, K i t c eI c1 Sinks and Water Closets. Sewer, Gas, Air, Water and Steam Pipe, Valves and Fittings. Rubber Plugs, Balls, Washers, Valves and Pack ing for all Plumb ing Fixtures. Demonstration o f Florence Kerosene Hot Water Heater. Office and showroom 227 Laurel St. Warehouse Front and Laurel St.