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The semi-weekly Republican. (St. Francisville, La.) 1872-1872, March 08, 1872, Image 1

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89059463/1872-03-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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fiB^Z3 ■■
( c!;lu &r|)ublu'an.
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Hina Icnfi
iliil AK»t<-.)
Jntlcnum, aged eight, v
> niiirrictl iu Mobile,
|is intention of finding
Jiere 1)0 could
und grow up w ith
"Wilson l>o nomi
jsicknt <ir:>i!<., it will
iro is nothing like
the tanner
JlYesi.lent, :ni<l (lie
: for Vi'.«. — Chimifi
itli^niiï, in il speech.
1 in tJio Ohio
tlio following epi
nfnmid scholar can
Inglish in which
but, T never
w!io wasn't rich in
ttni[j ton or mus
.Gazette si at ok that
Hpcricau Legislators
of Stiito have
claims oil spee
Itliis is the reason
Jor inferential dam
iu tbe American
S:tu(l heiress is a
j of East Saginaw,
>hua ju-t conic into a
~ (0 by thu death of
I Orleans. It is need
llic lias fur years
iiml lier aged
I>rk. If she had
I «Mrs« fho would not
Hfflcl'i, or at ul! events
Kit ,/supported liersel!
Cftl Wouldn't have
. of Paris, Bar
ilia, Thomas ( iiiilis
tatriTlnall batlkillg
Shlll'j/, propose to
jJj'.nd pay the ini
pFranco sm.mutiny
francs, ami se
i the revenue de
jiiuh tai'ill" on to
|tlischilil has had
jnurce of revenue
-has farmed il
of thirty years,
[teil to bo 201,000,
editor of the
[ speaks thus of the
Now, if the
seeking to outlive
n, defeated in eve
lich it ever took a
every principle
ïnctive character—
1 of a party, by re
it» decent burial in
las been yawning
jhe war closed, still
the South from
the Union, and
authority of the
lyon think it would
ȟer, and honester
our aid in the
" the old corpse
fcto the grave, and
t and heels out of
|°f judgment
-llieso items are
Bci.iua l'uiviut , of
colored renter
>and burned the
I be longing to Mr.
II ; i° ur miles west
»"out §100,"
°rc»ng last, the
■ an< l Fanny
% poisoned by
j curbolie acid.
; had mixed tho
! to dress a burn,
' culled off, llc .r
h' ife . who, in his
™ e > as she be
® t ° 1 ' oil, from a
.Impose. The
i and alarm
sent for, but he
J*S no antidote
F 'was inevitable.
Ri'eat agony.
' Medical con
iiCS? -
Tli«; itoviil i> host sii Atilwcj y.
iKrum lie Ht. I, mil» UiipliWi™».]
Never win the key-note of char
acter more accurately struck than
when the first Bonaparte spoke those
words concerning the Bourbons,
which have now passed into a pro
verb— " They neither learn nor i'or
I get aiii tiling" It was true then,
when the blood of Louis XVI had
hardly dried upon the knife of the
guillotine and his successors were
intriguing foi the crown they had
not brains enough to wear ; it was
true later, vhcu Louis XVIII and
Charles X ascended the throne and
played tlie same fantastic tricks
which but a little while before had
turned it into a scaffold ; it has been
true since, whan amid a vortex of
revolutions some feeble îopresenta
tive of the ancient, family has at
tempted to slip through the ranks of
contending factions and plant the
historic lilies in the hulls of his an
cestors ; and it is true to-day when
the Count de Chambord has set up
his mimic court at Antwerp, and
looking thence toward Paris, really
believes himself on the point of re
gaining the empire once ruled by
Louis le Grund.
Poor, weak, foolish old man ! To
him the France of the seventeenth
and eighteenth centuries is still a re
ality ; the France of the nineteenth
century only a myth, a shadow with
out a substance, (lazing across the
gulf of year?, he sees the saloons and
gardens of Versailles crowded with
obsqjjiiies courtiers, bowing and
clinging before a manikin arrayed
in velvet and gold lace ; he sees tiie
cowradlv parliament crooking ti e
knee to this manikin when lie struts
into the assembly chamber, riding
whip in hand, crying out : " The
•State ! I am the State !" He hears
the feeble moaning of a nation of
slaves groaning beneath (he weight
of tyranny and debt, and before Iiis
eves glitters that ring of sovereignty
which the divine right of kings once
hekl upon the brows of fuo.s and
scoundrels, ile does not seem to
understand or realize, that between
I lieu and now an ocean rolls --an
o.-can of blood an 1 tears, of awml
suffering and terrible trial, of deadly
hatred und Ii roost wrath ; an ocean
win re his frail boat could not iivo an
install!. All so this feeble offspring
of a vanished era sits impatiently m
that venerabk' city, so rich with
memories of a glorious past, musters
ins Jittlo group of retainers about
him, listens to their vows of aliegi
uice, smites at their threadbare liât
teries, and promises honors and re
wards " when the king shall come
to his own again." What a melan
choly farce to be played in the face
of a world which newspapers, steam
and lightning have revolutionized !—
What a spectacle of human folly, of
insane ambition, of unreasoning and
unreasonable faith, of credulity which
neither sharp experience nor hard
facts can shake !
The telegram tells ns that Ant
werp is full of french detectives, and
the mob gather around the Cham
bord headquarters, intimating in un
mistakable language that the illus
trions exile's room is better than his
company. Detectives and mobs m
calm their perturbed souls—Henri
Jjieudonne is as harmless as a suck
ing dove. He lias nothing of the
heroic iu his composition ; he does
not belong to a race who know how
to mako circumstances, or to im
prove circumstances when made.—
His heart is weak, his friends are
few, his purse is short, und a child
less man, he holds, at best, " a
barren sceptre in his gripe, no heir
of his succeeding." Arid he is a
Bourbon of the strictest sect—
forgetting nolh
ean call home Iiis
learning nothing,
President Thiers
spies, and the burghers of Antwcjpt
drive off their rabble, for this scion
of dead royalty, this ghost of a de
funct dynasty, will do no manner of
mischief if given full scope. Let
him alone with Iiis pasteboard dia
dem, his moth-eaten robes, his wood
on sword, his toys and trickeries of
empty state. Ile injures no one,
this Count do Chambord—ho is
simply a tottering monument of
buried greatness, which we may con
template with smile or sigh ; to be
pitied, perhaps, but certainly not to
be feared.
Eli Perkins says that Albany was
named after the Albany Ecming
Journal. " Mr. Weed," ho says,
" started the Journal thero a great
many years before a house was built,
and people came and settled near
by, so as to be where they coukl read
I the newspaper.
AI fluey ist Farming,
It is true, as one of our exchanges
remarks ; that " much labor is done
on tarins that is not farming in its
true sense." J5v such labor it is im
possible to niako money. A man
may" support himself and family,
keep out of debt, and have a few
dollars in his pocket by practicing
'he most st.rnii'f'iit. f-f»nTu.mv TP l■ r>
u; most stringent economy. If lie
is otherwise than industrious and
sober, he is on the down grade with
loose brakes, and the end is reached.
Jiut farming, in ils true sense, is a
profession equal in dignity to that of
law or medicine, and needs equal
study; mental capacity and intelli
gently directed labor to command
success in it. The principle which
underlies the practice of the true
fanner must be well understood, and
a steady, consistant course of opera
tions must be followed. Having
thoroughly learned the nature and
capacity of the soil he possesses, and
chosen the rotation most suitable,
and the st« ck to be most profitably
kept on it, he does not swerve from
his chosen course, but in good mar
kets and bad, raises his regular crops,
and keeps Ins land in regular in
creasing fertility. No special cry
temp s or affrights him. He docs
not talk dairy tins season or crops
the next ; but, doubtless, if any par
ticular product be in demand and
biings a good price, he has some of
it to sell and reaps his share of the
advantage. He saves as much mon
ey as some men make by care and
economy in purchasing and preserv
ing tools, seeds, manures and ma
chines ; and his business habits and
constant readiness for all occasions,
give him reasonable security against
the effects of adverse seasons and
bad weather. Always prepared, he
is never too soon ; and thus, "taking
time bv the forelock," he has the
stern old tyrant at his command, and
turns him at his w ill. He has no
losses, and his gains aro steady.—
Our Home Journal.
'■> ♦—
Heverdy Johnson, in his speech
on the Alabama claims treaty in
Baltimore, used this language in
speaking of the negotiations while
hu «sa minister.
Now, gentlemen, neither I nor
Air. Adams had ever hoard about in
direct (lainages, at this stage of the
negotiations ; nothing further than
individual losses of the citizens of
the United States. There was not a
word alluded to consequential or in
direct damages in the instructions to
either of us. Now let me come to
the treaty of Washington. Public
opinion in England was growing
more friendly every day, and more
favorable to a peaceful solution of
the di.'licultios, till Air. Sumner's fa
mous speech on the subject, which
set the whole of Kngland in a frenzy.
Mr. Sinniier said he was astonished
at the effect of his speech, saying
that he intended it for a pacific one.
I told him the next time he intended
to deliver a pacitic speech to get
somebody else to write it.
"We join the Baton Kongo Ga
& Cumi't, in the following wail :
" What aro the " mail Kouns" do
ing ? The irregularity of the arrival
and departure of nails at this point
still continues to ho the subject of
general complaint among our citi
zens. We hope some effort will be
made by the proper authorities to
rectify this evil in the mail service,
and would respectfully call their at
tention to if. Let the press at the
towns along the route from New Or
leans to Vicksburg speak out and
keep hammering at the subject un
til the contractors do better or the
authorities cancel the contract with
that line and give it to others who
will see that the mails are delivered
" on time."
There is a report going about that
the Grand Duke Alexis has married,
in America, Aille. Jonkofsky, maid
of honor, to whom ho has been at
tached for a long time, and who was
banished to Switzerland on his ac
count The on dit is that the young
lady managed to join him in Amer
ica, and that the other day the
Grand Duke announced to the min
ister and the admiral that he was
married, to the utter dispair of both
gentlemen, who will probably have
to do penance in Siberia for not
looking more sharply after their
charge. There may not be any
truth in this rumor, but it receives
credence here in high circles.
There is a woman ninety-three
years old, living iu Blooinliekl, Con
necticut, who does her own work,
and last year knit over one hundred
pairs of stockings, besides refusing
an oiler of marriage.
The Dee-line of American
Ci>*njtsercc and its Causes#
Not more than ten vean; ago
commerce of the United States was
one of the wonders of the world and
the envy of the nations. Our ships
dotted every ocean and whitened
every s-jii. There was not a great
foreign port in the world that was
not crowded with our merchantmen.
Not only was our own carrying trade
in our own hands and in our own
bottoms, but we also monopolized a
vast proportion of the carryin gtrade
of Europe, and in point of tonnage
our mercantile marine was second
only to that of England, our tonnage
footing up 0,000,000 tons, while that
of England was (1,000,000. Not
merely was our commerce geat and
flourishing, but for speed, symmetry
elegance and carrying capacity our
ships and steamers were unrivalled
the world over. Our clippers out
sailed the ships of all nations and
even, with a good wind, would out
strip some of the best steamers out
of English ports. Indeed, it became
proverbial among seafaring men that
American clippers could beat any
thing ever built. In every foreign
port the largest and finest vessels
carried the starry flag proudly flying
at the peak, l'u the matter of steam
ers we were equally ahead of our
competitors ; for size and speed, car
rying capacity and splendid finishing
our steamers were unrivalled. Such
steamers as the " Baltic" " North
Star," " Yanderbilt" and others had
no peers afloat on the ocean. But
our commercial supremacy did not
end here. There were constructed
in this country great numbers of
sailing vessels and steamers for the
naval service of different European
governments, and some of the larg
est, best and most powerful frigates
in the navies of Kussia, Italy, Aus
tria, Spain and Turkey were built
in this country. Among them the
'"Great Admiral," the " lie d'Italia,"
and " Ee don Portngalio Secundo"
are among the lägest and most pow
erful wooden vessels in the world.
Even England, although building
her own war vessels, adopted tiie
lines of our American vessels and
introduced the American improve
ments into both her naval and mer
cantile marine, all which was greatly
to the honor of the Republic. With
such a record before us tiie question
presents itself, « What has caused
this unparrelled decline in our com
merce'?" AVe reply first, the almost
universal use of steam instead/of
sails as a means of ocean locomotion,
and second, the substitution c/ iron
for wood in architecture, whK;h last
has alone completely revolutionized
t iie business of ship building. The
simple fact that, wooden vessels can
not compete with iron vessels ac
counts for much of the decline of our
commerce. To-day, English iron
built steamers and ships have monop
olized the carrying trade of the
world and the only way in which we
can recover our commerce is to
build iron vessels. No amount of
law making will upset the great nat
ural law that an iron ship is stronger
than a wooden one, and will run at
a loss expense. Until we can build
iron vessels as cheaply as England,
it is useless for us to compete for the
trade of the high seas. England, in
her cheap iron and coal, has an over
whelming advantage over all other
countries, an advantage secured
mainly through her pauper labor.
It must also be admitted that her
old and long established iron in
dustries, also, are a source of and
immense cheapening iu the first cost
of manufactured iron, engines, ma
chinery and boilers. When we have
built up our iron manufactures, there
will be ii considerable reduction in
tiie first cost of those articles, and
we can then be iu a condition to com
pete with Euglaud. Another ele
ment of Engtisli supremacy on the
high sea is iu lier iron screw propel
lers, against which uo wooden ves
sel, no matter how strong or cheap,
can complete for a single month.
These propellers are built at a
comparatively small expense ; as they
carry no masts or rigging, they car
ry an enormous cargo iu proportion
to size, cost but little to run, and
last for a generation. They are fast,
go and come in all weathers, and
perform as much carrying in a year
s half a dozen clippers of the same
size. Thus a smaller number of ves
sels are now required l'or a given
amount of work than formerly. By
these means the English marine en
joys a monopoly on the high seas
amounting to prohibition on wooden
vessels, of whatever nationality. The
recent introduction of steel into nia
rine architecture has create.! almost
as great a change as did that of iron.
The immense strength of steel admits
of n corresponding reduction in
weight so that a steel steamer will
carry twice as much dimension.
Thus n very few iron and steel ves
sels do as much transportation as a
large fleet of wooden ones did a few
years ago ; there is, therefore, a smal
ler demand for vessels according to
the well established laws of supply
and demand. Another very impor
tant fact is that we manufacture here :
at home a vastly increased propor- j
tion of what we consume than for- j
nierly, consequently we import let«,!
and there is a smaller demand for
vessels than formerly, as a matter of
Steam and iron havo entirely
changed the nature of commercial
matters, pnd with the severe check
given us by the late civil war our
ocean trade has experienced the de
fine which we tiro now suffering.
The sooner the American people ac
knowledge the new order of things
the better it will be for ns. The
time will soon come in the natural
" course of human events," when we
will build steel steamers that will
take " the bunting" out of anything
afloat on salt water, and America
will bo, as she is bound to be, once
more the Alistress of the Sea.
Farmer's Club.
Wo copy the following timely ar
ticle from tlio Union Record, and
hope to see the advice, contained in
the same, followed by our planters
and farmers :
In the Claiborne Advocate, wo no
tico a proposition from one of its
subscribers to form a farmer's club
at Homer. AVe have suggested a
similar club hero, and elsewhere in
this parish, years ago. There should
be such a club in every farming I
community ; both to interchange i
views aud discuss different crops, '
am] the mode of culture, as well as]
to consider plans for Suited action |
in many matters relative to their in-1
terest. While farmers are tlio main j
pi liars of society and tho support of 1
the world, it is a fact that their cal
ling is behind every other in progress
and improvement. Every other
trade and profession has its organi
zations, its rules concerning work
and prices, its co-operative unions,
but lis a general thing, tho farmers
move along, every man for himself,
with more or less prejudice against
experiments and new things, and
thereby frequently suffer from com
binations of other callings against
them. This does not ariso from a
lack of intelligence, for farmers, as s
class, are, generally, intelligent men ;
but it arises from a lack of enterprise
and a proper appreciation of the im
portance of united action. Farmers,
too, are more wedded to custom aud
precedent than other men. Show u
mechanic a new tool for saving la
bor, aud ho will at once try it, and
if it is a success, ho at onco adopts
it. But snow a farmer a new plow,
and he shakes his head and says :
"My old plows are pretty good."
No man is so wise, but that he
may learn something from any other
mau. Now, a .Saturday evening,
spent once or twice a mouth, which
is frequently spent far less profitably,
colli, i be turned to good account by
the farmers of every community, in
disseussing aud giving their several
views and experiments iu raising
their different crops, stock - , etc.
Such a club as this would need a
suitable constitution and by-laws,
president, secretary treasurer. I n j
this country, lack of experience in |
these things, might prevent the put- :
ting of these things exactly in "ship-1
shape" at first, but experience would j
soou suggest the necessary amend- j
monts and alterations. The appoint
ment at one meeting of some mem
ber to give at the next his views,
eit her in writing or otherwise of any
given subject, connected with farm
ing, could be made, and such othere
things done as might be neecessary.
Almost every body would be pleased
to hear several practical farmers
give their opinion and experience on
he best mode of culture aud fertil- !
izer for potatoes, grape vines,onions, j
corn, etc, etc., etc.; aud these farm- j
ers would bo severally interested and j
profiited by hearing each others !
views. These meetings, besides be- '
ing inlering and profitable, would
assist iu cultivating social and neigh
borly relations and feelings in n,
community. i
Many would plead a want of time
for these things, but a meeting of |
three hours, twice a month, would \
only bo six hours each month, nud Î
there are very lew men who do nul i
spend more time than this in talking
of unimportant things, or in some
other manner less profiitable. We,
therefore, «gain call the attention of
our farming friends to the subject,
and earnestly reccommend it, to them,
as one full of interest and intellectu
al if not pecuniary profit.
Fornev <>n Schurz.
The following editorial by Mr.
Forney, written immediately after
his late return to Philadelphia, is
regarded there as the most signifi
... . . ..
cant w an ^ smco ^resignation :
. Olittering audionces always attend
the Senatorial drama, and General
Carl Schurz attracted an unusual
crowd in his display of Tuesday. Be
sides, we must remember that Wash
ington city is filled with a large body
of rebel citizens. The truth is that
the former Southern society lias re
turned to its old haunts, and any
thing that operates against the Re
publican party and its success is sure
to attract them. AVe tire far from
believing that General Schurz is in
sympathy with the Democratic par
ty. He is too old and too brave iv
soldier against slavery. That his
animosities have carried him astray,
we have no doubt ; that he is dis
posed to look at the alleged sale of
arms to the French government with
unusual jealously is natural. B t
that, with all his free trade and an -
nesty proclivities, he has ever inten. -
ed to join the political enemy, we t o
not believe. The present agitati n
iu Republican circles is simply the
clearing of the atmosphere ; no in
dication of weakness, but a gooil
s 'o n strength, of reorganization,
Cful permit the fullest iuvestiga
tion into alleged errors, even into
the errors of those who are accepted
as its leaders. Suppose the Demo
cr,l tic party in tho day of its supreni
l' uwor ''ad invited as full an in
voy tigation into the acts of its lead
(;rs , liow long would it have lasted?
^ s ' K) uld be remarked iu reference
to exciting proceedings at Wash
ln g^ on > that all the committee of ,in
vestigation have been originated by
Republicans, and that no Republi
can has yet been found willing to de
clare himself against the Republi
can nominee for President in 1872.
In every case thero is deference to
the ultimate tribunal. Tliey ques
tion, they even quarrel, but no one
Republican with all his suspicion
aud hostility to General Grant or
to his Cabinet ministers, or his pri
vate secretaries, has yet been found
bold find brave enough to declare
his readiness to oppose the next
Republican nominee for President.
Ncsro Slavery in Cuba in 1872
I From the lialtimoru American.]
Reaching the plantation after such
feasts of beauty, the visitor sees
many things soon enough which call
his mind back from the enchanted
region. Man's inhumanity to man
is practically illustrated before his
eyes, and, if American, he sees at
onco the great difference of slavery
as it existed before the war in tho
South and here. You miss at onco
the nicely whitewashed little houses,
with their verandas in front, stand
ing in rows close to the master's
dwelling ; you miss the gay laugh
ter aud innocent merriment of those
little black urchins tumbling about
the dust, looking at you with
laughing eyes, very often interming
ling in close intimacy with the mas
ter's children ; and when you in
quire hero where the negro quarters
avu > '"'3' point out to you an uucov
' ; 1 KWK - fenced iu similar to tho
haracoons I have seen negroes con
' u ul! coast of Africa pre
v ' olls lo their shipment to the West
ladies, or J5riUiL_Wiieti-~t4to hours
bibor of slaves are past they aro
dm en into t.iese iiiclosuros like so
many cattle, the gates are closed on
them and they are not allowed to
pass out, without special permission
—watched during the night by .arm
ed white men and their savage blood
hounds. As for the children being
allowed to play in idleness, vour
Spanish planter knows better. They
:u ' e !l ^ l' 11 *- to work. If too young
iUK * weak to carry sugar cane, they
,11US ' U 1 R arry bai/azo —ground cane,
w ' 1 ' t ' a ls llsst ' f'»r fuel here—to tho
sn g ;u ' house ; and if too young even
t 1 do this, they aro employed turn
! ' ll! ''V-' ov er while it is spread
j_out to dry iu the snn.
If ever I felt like committing a
'""''der, it was when, stopping one
°' t ' lu little eurly-iieaded blacks to
K i )ü:l ' c '" m and to give him a
dnm', tiie overseer came along ami
.>:< I'lNCKi» ox ja
-'urn l-.vuii. j

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