Newspaper Page Text
From the N. Y. Courier and Enquirer.
THE NORTH AND SOUTH. no. iv- ~ To the Hon. George P. Marsh : Sir : Incidentally to the diversities which . in my lormer communications have been mentioned, it happens that the South have several decided advantages over the North, which conspire to give them ascendency in the General Government, It would seem that the great advantage which results to the South, in point of se curing popular favor in this Republic, from having made manners a specific object of cultivation through successive generations, would of itself be sufficient to account for the ascendency which exists. But in addition to this, it rests on good Norlhern authority that they have also made politics a particular object of study and pur suit. Their principal advantage, however, is, that the ruling law of ihe South is in per fect accordance with the theory of the Gen eral Government. As a nation we have a dopted the theory that Government does not involve the matter of Religion. On this theory our Constitution is based. The South, according to Northern show ing, have made almost all the Presidents, and have secured to themselves much the larger share of the offices of honor, emolu ment, and trust, under the General Govern ment, and consequently have the advantage which the practical conducting and handling of affairs gives, which is the most perfect and complete of all advantages. The ad vantage of practice and experience are great over inexperience, however correct and con summate in theory an individual may be. The practical politicians and statesmen of this government are from the South. In point of fact the North, with all their wealth, education, intellectual and moral worth, have waned in relative influence.— On these hints political abolitionism takes its rise. Here it germinates and feeds its existence. Real worth is unassuming—is modest and retiring. This I believe is admitted as a general maxim. Whether so admitted or not, it is law in New England. Though some local forwardness may exist among New-Englanders at home,yet,there,general- ly, and al ways abroad, they expect that their worth will be discovered and brought to notice by somebody other than themselves. Morality being the ascendant law in the North, Northern members of Congress re present a powerfully swaying and enter prising morality. Being local men them selves and selections out of the homogene ous mass, it is hardly to he supposed that they ftrfly comprehend the embarrassments of tbetr position when called on to act as statesmen for the country. New-England as||pndant morality, in away unconscious lo themselves, mingling with all their con ceptions of politics and government, they are lo act under a Constitution, which not only does not affirm any particular moral faith, but expressly declares that none shall he imposed. All then that is said on the floor of Congress on the subject of slavery, which brings its moral bearing into the ac count, is irrelevant to the matter in hand— is, whether perceived or unperceived, in ef fect proposing the moral opinions of some body to the acceptance of somebody else— is unstatesman-like—is embarrassing to the individual in the way of national prefer ment, and yet is imposed on him by the sense of his constituents. A New-England member seems to be laid under a necessity lo act against slavery simply because it is wrong, that is, morally wrong. And this is precisely that thing which, in the relations imposed on him as a member of the Congress of the United States, he has nothing to do with. The embarrassments which New-Eng land statesmen labor under seem to be indi cated by the physical conformation of the United Stales. Situated not exactly in the North-East corner of the Union, but even more North-East than that, on an absolute North-Eastern projection from the other wise naturally delineated Union, the infeli city of their relative position, in point of influence in the Government, is enhanced by the fact that in their latitude an orator has not that controlling influence over his auditory which pertains to the orator in a more Southern clime. Leading men easily lead the people at the South. New-Eugland people nobody can lead. They will lead themselves, and if possible, their representatives in Congress; and that 100 in a line directly opposite to that in which their preferment in the Slate naturally lies. And, strange as it may seem, these same people complain that their statesmen are not preferred in the General Government. And upon this plea agita tion is now actually going forward at the North, proposing for its object an altera tion in that particular of the Constitution which allows representation of which the principle is population irrespective of suf frage, aliedging that such representation is the cause why dominion under the Ameri can eagle rests upon the shoulders of the Soufli. Pardon me, Sir, while I again impose my 1 positive,sincere,and most deferential opini on, that it was a wise and patriotic invita tion which you gave to Southern politicians to address in person the people of the North. They would appreciate yourself and your worthy compeers from the North the belter after doing so. Some cementing influence Union would result therefrom. HBpoubtless there islurking unconsciously New-England mind a disposition to think for other people in moral matters. So abhorrent is the idea of slavery to intelligent minds in Northern climes, that nothing but the meekest submission lo the whole of God’s revealed will can save from error in this particular—can save “those who are without” from interfering between master and slave. “The meek will he guide in judgment, and the meek will he teach his way.” And without this they will “Teach otherwise and consent not to wholesome words ” The tendencies of civilized mind are all that way. To that love of liberty land haired of oppression which character izes Northern climes, the fallacy of suppos ing that slavery is oppression seems almost instinctive. This places it in a false posi tion towards both master and slave. Sym ! pathy for the supposed oppressed is as strong as for the really oppressed, indeed the laws of the human mind are such that when a real being is known to suffer, or when a real being is not known but supposed to | sutler, and when an imaginary being is sup- I posed to suffer, the sympathy felt alike in all cases, is felt not for either of these, but for another being created by the sympathiz ing mind itself, and modeled in all respects after its own image. The sympathy, there fore, which is fell in Vermont for the slaves • of the South, is not felt for what the slaves actually suffer, but for what the Vermonters severally suppose that themselves would suffer, if, with all their aspirations, their love and appreciation of liberty and capacity lor using it to advantage, they were degraded from their high estate to the condition of slaves. But the facts in the case are glaringly and notoriously otherwise. The slave of the South has not as is supposed been degraded, for that he could not be, but has been con stantly rising ever since he became a slave here. Where so much supposed wrong ex ists, the supposed wrong-doer must neces sarily come in for a correlative share of mis apprehension and consequent reproach. Since the laws of mind are such as above described, and such results are natural re sults, they must be admitted to be correct results, if we cannot alledge counteracting laws of at least equal authority with the natural tendencies of our minds. These are found in the volume of revealed truth.— Since mind is so, non interference is per emptorily commanded by Him who created mind, and when it had erred, revealed to it what it imperiously needed to know. Slavery in the United States has resulted, and is destined still more and more to re sult, in the permanent good and advancement of the Negro race, and human device can not make it last longer than the good of the slaves themselves requires, and human de vice cannot hasten its termination by any other means than by shedding of blood. White population is supplanting colored population, whether free or bond, by an ir resistible law. Thus, and thus only, is it desirable for the good of any party, or pos sible, to terminate slavery in the South.— Such is our Southern faith on this subject. The innovating and progressive morality of the North, requires that something should be done to discountenance slavery. This something, as far as the General Govern ment is concerned, her statesmen in Con gress are expected to do. They are expect ed to represent and act upon the views of their constituents. New-England statesmen admit and main tain that they have no constitutional right to do any thing with or about the slavery which exists in the States, but that the con trol of that matter belongs to the sovereign States severally in which slavery exists. — Still the sense of the constituency, backed by the sense of the civilized world, urge them on to try to do something to discoun tenance slaveholding, and to induce the South to abandon it. A singular fact, and that by which the di versity in character between the North and South is most strongly illustrated, is that the point of controversy on which at the present time the two communities grapple closest, is not the abolition of slavery, but the question of right to discuss the subject of slavery. The South knew not their Northern friends as well as they might have been known, or they never would have insisted that their petitions to Congress for the abo lition of slavery in the District of Columbia should not be received. A love of consti tutional liberty and a love of morality, with all ihe fanatical abolitionism which adheres to it, were brought into harmonious combi nation. Those who were for the sacred right of petition, and those who were for the sacred right of abolitionism acted in per fect concert, and it was useless and ill judged to resist. The right of petition being conceded, and yet the thing petitioned for being as far from being granted as ever, and remaining as de sirable as ever in Northern estimation, the same thing.is sought to be accomplished by exercising the right of discussion. There are certain propositions to argue which is treason against nature. And such, have the Northern members of Congress occasion to believe, is the opinion of the South about discussing the subject of slave ry. Here the position of the Northern mem bers is still embarrassing. The North have no political power over slavery in the States. This is conceded. Yet under the constitu tional provision that the freedom of speech and the freedom of the press shall not be abridged, they have the right to discuss sla very in their own moral way. This right | must be conceded, for it has been success fully maintained that a man has a right even to shear a wolf. And the only legitimate way of dealing with a man who insists that he will shear a wolf simply because he has a right todo so, is to concede that he has that right, but to try to convince him that it is inexpedient to exercise it. There is good moral authority for maintaining that all things which are lawful are not all expedi ent. Congress has declared its incompelency to discontinue Sabbath mails, the Constitu tion not having informed that body what day in the week that day is. It would be incongruous therefore in them to attempt to i inform the slaveholder respecting his moral ; duties to his slaves, since it has declared it self incapable of informing him which day in the seven that day is which his Maker commands him to keep holy, in which he is not to work himself nor to work his slave. It would be strange if the one mat ter could be foisted in, after the other has been excluded. The politics and politeness of the South are ever ready. Since the North affirms the sinfulness of slavery, the former with his courtesy admits the question to be proble matical, while with his politics he affirms their right under God so to sin, if indeed it be a sin to hold slaves. The Constitution not including the power of determining the moral character of actions among the enu merated powers conferred by that instru ment, and as in their consciences they do not believe that it is for “The general wel fare of the United States,” that they should determine slaveholding either to be or not to be sin, they conclude that the powers of sinning or not sinning in the matter of slave ry is “reserved to the States respectively or to the people.” It is difficult to deal politi cally with such political ungodliness as this. And yet.no less a task is imposed on the Northern members of Congress. The South think it bad policy, bad patri otism, and bad manners on the part of the North, to ask them to give up slaveholding, after they have in the most distinct, unequi vocal, and solemn manner declared, that they will terminate their slaveholding and their mortal existence simultaneously. They ha bitually lake others at their word, and think that it belongs to good manners so to do. Feeling, 1 doubt not, that the attempt to carry out Northern moral views on the floor of Congress, was but ‘lading ones self with thick clay,’ you. Sir, hit upon the device of confronting the Northern constituency with these Southern politicians. But, Sir, the object which is proposed to be gained by Southern addresses before Northern audiences requires some defini tion. It does not clearly appear what end a Southern politician is to propose to him self by going to the North to address the people. Some attitude of state towards the subject of slavery, New-England might reasonably be expected to present. What this attitude really is, can only appropriately be learned from her statesmen. In the mixture of po litics and morality which comes from New- England, is there not a little lack of clear ness in the defining of political position ? Would not the good of the Union be sub setved if the New-England delegation were asked why, in the present well-defined po sition in which the South stand, the North continue to moralize with her? And should not this interrogatory why ? why ? why ? be reiterated, till the moral view is made to subside, and the political view is made clearly to appear ? Will the New-England delegation to a man, adopt the language of the Hon. Daniel Webster ? I recollect not the occasion, but from the lack of reiteration I should sup pose that it was extorted from him on some pressing occasion: “The Constitution as if 1 is.” If they decline this,and preferan otherwise moral one, I see not how it can be defined without amounting to something like this: We moralists urge moral considerations up on you, because we yet confidently hope to persuade you to abolish slavery. Should we despair of accomplishing this end, we may possibly feel it our duty to separate from you at all hazards, lest the wrath of God fall upon the Nation, and upon us, for the sin of slaveholding. This would be a position deeply lobe re spected and one that might be reached and reasoned with. Much light would then break in from the region where mist now hangs. Southern political views would then be rendered demonstrably true, namely, that there neither is or can be any question in the purview of the Constitution, about the abolition of slavery, which does not involve the question of the continuance or dissolu tion of the Union. Northern anti-slavery morality, so entitled to respect, would then have away thrown open for expressing it self other than though abolitionism, as is now the case. Hidden things in the way of conscientious scruples, could then be brought to light in away in which they could be respectably met and answered. Sir, it is no small matter which is on the tapis of the civilized world in this our day, respecting the continent of Africa, and the Negro race. The freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, and the freedom of slaveholding arc all impregnablv fortified by the Constitution of our land. The materi als for a page of history, which will be read with deepest interest by coming generations is being supplied by passing events. In Congressional high places men are writing memoirs of themselves, to be inserted under the head, “Causes which conspired to avert the danger which threatened the Republic;” or, to figure on the melancholy page of “The decline and fall of the American Union.” Truly the freedom of speech and the free dom of the press are doing their destined work. The sage of Ashland, for comprehending and enacting too much of statesman-like wisdom on the subject of slavery, is beach ed high and dry, not by the waves of the sea, but by that which Holy Writ puts side by side with them, “the madness of the peo ple.” I, a pro-slavery colonizationist, have learned nothing from this or any other states man on this subject, but owe whatever I know and believe to the influences of ob served truth. I have the honor to be, Your friend and fellow patriot, A Northern Man with Southern Citizenship. Gen. Twiggs has been temporarily ap pointed Governor of Jalapa. Lieut. Col. Childs has been appointed military com i mandant of the city. THE TIMES. PORT TOBACCO, MD. THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 20, 1847. mgn— iiuuaamiaiirpf.TOiirmn jjjja B aaßMHßajjaaaiiß W. CARR, Philadelphia, is authorized to procure and forward advertisements intended for insertion in this paper. We give to-day the last hut one of the series of intelligent and interesting Letters addressed to the Hon. George P. Marsh, hy “A Northern Man with Southern Citizenship.” It is to he regretted that vve did not receive the copy regularly, so as to have furnished our readers with them in successive num bers of the “Times.” The last two Letters arc complete in themselves, and a perusal of them will well repay the reader. It appears that we were misinformed last week in regard to the prospect of the growing. Wheat crop of this county. We have since conversed with several of our best practical farmers on the subject, from various sections of Charles, and they all assure us that it presents a most unpromising appearance. Even on the best fields the grain has not attained more than half its usual height and is fast heading in this condition, in consequence of which a considerable loss in harvesting must be the result. We were visited with frost on Sunday night last. The weather still continues cool for the season. Some fifteen or twenty copies of the “Times,” directed to subscribers, were taken from the post ofilce in this village sometime on Monday evening last, hy some patronizing individual. We will give a liberal reward to know who he is. It is not unfrcqucntly the case in country postofllces that a single eppy of a newspaper is purloined—this has, indeed, become a mattcr-of-course—but we can’t stand such wholesale grabbing as this, and wo enter our protest against it. Mr. Harper, whose advertisement appears in to-day’s paper, has established an Agency in our village for the reception of AYool, to he manufactur ed at his establishment in Prince George’s county. This will be a great convenience to the citizens of our county, as Capt. Herbert will take the wool to Alexandria, to which place the cloth will be return ed by Mr. Harper, and by the Captain brought back with his accustomed care. Mr. Harper re ceived a Premium from the P. G. Co, Ag. Society, for his cloth, and otherwise comes highly recom mended for his punctuality and superior workman ship. A correspondent at Newport furnishes us with the following items: Marvelous. —Mr. Q. Adams, of this village, on Saturday last, shot into a flock of blackbirds, one of which being wounded flew into a gully, where it was found snugly cnsconscd in the throat of a huge “land tortoise.” The same gentleman says he shot at a muskrat and killed an Indian hen. Riotous Meeting. —Mr. Adams also states that Riotous meeting of crows was held on his farm last at which a committee of thirty was appoint -ed, in the face of himself and his hands, to rid the seld of all the corn as a nuisance. Perhaps these rioters arc not aware of the fol lowing enactment by the Legislature of our State at its last session. We would suggest to Mr, Adams the propriety of reading the “riot act” to them. We understand that “true HZZs” have al ready been found, under the new law, against a number of these depredators. CROW LAW. An act to encourage the destruction of Croics in St. Mary's Charles and Prince Geor ge's counties , passed at Ueccmhcr session eighteen hundred and forty-six , chapter three hundred and forty-three. Section 1. Be it enacted hy the General Assembly of Maryland, That if any person residing in St. Mary’s, Charles, or Prince George’s counties, shall bring to any justice of the peace of the county in which such person shall reside, the head or heads of any crow or crows, such person shall, for every such head or heads, be allowed in the county levy of said county the sum of six and a quarter cents; and the justice of the peace, before whom such head or heads shall be brought, is hereby roquried to give the person or persons bringing the same a certificate thereof, and cause said head or heads to be burnt, or otherwise destroyed. Sec. 2. And he it enacted , That no per son whatsoever shall be entitled to any al lowance for any head or heads without first making oath or affirmation, as the case may be, that such crow or crows were taken and killed in the county where such certificate is applied for since the passage of this act, and that no certificate hath been obtained from any other justice of the peace for the same; and it shall be the duty of each and every justice of the peace, before whom such head or heads may be brought by virtue of tliis act, to take and receive the oath or af firmation of the party bringing the same, without fee and clear from all charges against the person or persons making such oath or affirmalian, any thing in any law to the con trary notwithstanding. LATEST FROM MEXICO. We make the following extracts of the important news from Mexico, w hich we find in the Baltimore Sun of Tuesday last, for a copy of which we are indebted to a friend. The news was copied in the Sun from the Picayune and Della of the 11th inst. Immediately before the James L. Day started from Vera Cruz, Major Leonard, who is stationed there sent an officer on board to inform Gen. Pillow that an express has just arrived from Gen. Scott, with a dis patch, in which it was stated that a deputa tion of Mexican citizens from the Capital had arrived at the General’s headquarters, inviting him to advance, assuring him that it would surrender to him without opposi tion, and asking his protection of their per sons and properly. To such favorable terms Gen. Scott assented. He is therefore on his way to, if not already in the “halls of the Mantezumas.” Thus the surrender of the City of Mexi co is no longer a rumor, but is confirmed by an express from Gen. Scott, and we may ; fairly conclude that our gallant army is ' now “reveling in the halls of the Montezu mas.” We find the following proclamation in the American (Jalapa) Star. That paper I says, with some feeling, that if this mode of j warfare is adopted, it will be the most sor rowful time Mexico has ever known. War without pity will be met with tear without pity. PROCLAMATION. The citizen Mariano Salas , General of Brigade and Colonel of the Regiment Hidalgo , to my fellow-citizens: My Friends —The present moment is the most proper to excite the public spirit and form of a nation of men truly free. When an enemy triumphs by his union to rob us of our dearest interests, there is nothing more sure and more certain than to van quish him by valor and constancy. For this end 1 have obtained permission to raise a guerilla corps, with whitfh to at tack and destroy the invaders in every man ner imaginable. The conduct of the enemy, contrary both to humanity and natural rights, authorizes us to pursue him without pity, [miscricordia.] “War without pity and death !” will be *lhe motto of the guerilla warfare of vengeance ; therefore I invite all my fellow-citizens, especially my brave sub ordinates, to unite at general headquarters, to enroll themselves, from 9 until 3 in the afternoon, so that it may be organized in the present week. Jose Mariana Salas. The Vera Cruz “Eagle” learns that Don Petro Anaya has been declared Dictator, and Canalizo spoken of as Commander-in-chief of the army, and that preparations are being made for the removal of the Government to Celaya, incase our army inarches to the city. It is said that Santa Anna is at Orizaba. He had but a thousand men with him, badly i equipped, and he looked haggard and very much dejected. Both soldiers and officers have Install confidence in him. Late Foreign Arrival. —The Britannia arrived at Boston at midnight on Sunday last. The news brought by this steamer contains nothing of special interest. The price of breadslufis has advanced still further. A most diabolical plot tomurder the Pope has been discovered. It was first found out by the French Ambassador. He revealed the names of the conspirators to the Pope, Their intention was to assassinate him while giving audience to one who was appointed to kill him. A Cupachin priest presented him for the audience of the Pope His holi ness requested his name, which was given, but before being admitted the Pope looked oveMjpe list of conspirators and found the name of the Cupachin. He immediately summoned carbineers, who, on the Cupaqh in’s entrance, seized Idm, found he had a brace of loaded pistols and a, poisoned dag ger about his person. The Cupachin was conveyed to prison, and many arrests were mads. The news by the steamer Britannia, says the New York correspondence of the Sun, dated the 17th, was received here this morn ing, and has already had considerable effect on the markets. The flour market has been very stiff, un der the effect of the news, but very little has been done. A sale of 500 barrels Gen nessee was made at 25 per barrel. The tendency, however, is still upwards. The demand for corn is quite active and prices are still on the rise. There are sales of 50,000 bushels yellow corn at 01 per bushel, and of 40,000 bushels while and mixed at 95 cts. CAPTURE OF TUXPAN. The following despatches have been re ceived by the Secretary of the Navy. They furnish an additional evidence of the energy of the Commodore, and the gallantry of his , officers and men. Our navy has now in possession, or blockaded, every nook on the Gulf coast into which supplies can be received, except some small ports between Alvarado and the Tabasco. The Commo ;dore deserves great credit for the exertions |he is making to carry on the war. We un- I derstand that he is organizing a strong corps :of officers and men, with several pieces of ! light artillery, to be ready for landing, in ' co-operation with the land forces, should !it be found expedient to do so.— Union (official.) U. S. flag ship Mississippi, At sea, off Vera Cruz, April 24,1847. Sir : Tuxpan being the only fortified place of importance,situated on the gulfcoast, iiiot in our possession, ami conceiving it to jhe a [joint of honor, as well as duty, to re i claim the guns taken by the enemy from I the wreck of the Truxton, and mounted j with others for the defence of the river and town, 1 determined on attacking it, and left Sacrificios in this ship for that purpose on the 12th inst., having in tow the steamers Spitfire, Vixen and Scourge,and the gun-boats Bonita, Petrel and Reefer, with a detach ment of three hundred officers, seamen and marines from the Ohio, distributed in this and the smaller vessels. On the following day we arrived at Lobos, the appointed place of rendezvous. The Raritan, with a detach ment of one hundred and eighty officers, seamen and marines, from the Potomac, ad ded to her own complement. The Alban}*, John Adams, and Germantown, with the bomb-vessels Vcsuvious, Etna, and Hccla, had been previously despatched for Lobos, where they arrived in good time, and were subsequently joined by the Decatur. On the 15th, all the vessels left Lobos for the anchorage, under Tuxpan reef, but were separated during the night by a north er. Having again concentrated on themorn ing of the 17th, the whole of that day was employed in lightening the small vessels, in sounding and bouying the channel of the bar, and in other preparations for ascending the river. • The following morning (the 18th) the bar was safely crossed by the steamers and gun boats, with about thirty barges filled with detachments from the different vessels at an chor outside, having with them four piecs of artillery, After crossing the bar I hoisted my flag on board the Spitfire, and immediately led up the river to the attack; the steamers hav ing the gun-boats and barges in tow, until we got into the range of fire of the enemy, when I ordered them to cast off; the gun boats to follow up the river under sail, and the detachments in the barges to land with the artillery and storm the forts and town. These orders were executed with extraordi nary rapidity, while the Flotilla continued its course up the river, and driving, by its well-directed fire, the enemy from his de fences. The dispositions of the enemy for efenced were judicious ; they consisted of two forts on the right and one on the left bank of the river, with positions well selected for com manding the reaches of the stream. They had seven guns mounted and detachments of infantry firing from the forts and the thick chapparal along the margin of the left bank. General Cos, chiqf of the Winward mili-. tary division of the Mexican army, was in command, and had with him, as is believ ed from the evidence of his order book, a bout 650 rank and file. But if the dispositions for defence were judicious, the defence itself was feeble; though, had it been more obstinate, the re sults would have been the same, for f cannot exaggerate the intrepidity of our officers and men, or say 100 much of the spirit that ani mated them. The Truxton’s guns were brought off. and the others destroyed ; the forts were also destroyed. Our loss in the attack has been small fourteen killed and wounded. The Albany and Reefer have been left to watch Tuxpan; the Jlecla is ordered to blockade Soto de la Mariner; the Etna to occupv the river Tobasco; and the Vesu vius and Porpoise the port ofLuguna, while the Germantown in scouring the coast north of Lobos. I am, sir, with great respect, your most obedient servant, M. C. PERRY, . Commanding Home Squadron. The Hon. John Y. Mason, Secretary of the Navy, Washington. CAPTURE OF JALA PA AND PEROTE. The New Orleans Delta of the 6lh insl., .contains news of the capture of and Perote by our Army, without firing a gun, i and also of the continued advance American troops towards the city ofMexQjjHj The dates from Vera Cruz are ult. The capture of the town of JalatpH took place on lire 19Uh April, when Generate Twiggs with the division of the Army der his command entered and took posses sion without any resistance. It appears that in his flight from Cerro Gordo, Santa Anna did not pass through Jalapa, but in compa ny with Ampudia and Terrejon, turned off to the left at his hacienda, and halted for the night of ISlh at the “nine mile pass,” i which was being fortified, but which, on se-- cond consideration, it was deemed prudent to evacuate. This evacuation took place on the 20ih, and in the evening Colonel Harney’s dragoons took possession of the Pass—Gen. Worth followed in their foot steps. Gen. Worth with his division entered the town of Perote at noon on the the 22d April. He found it completely evacuated by the soldiers of the enemy, and a Col. Vasquez left behind to surrender it with decency.— An immense number of small arms, the big guns of the castle and city, and ammunition were taken possession of. Gen. Ampudia, with about 3000 cavalry, in a wretched condition, was near the town when our troops entered it, but soon re treated. Santa Anna has not been in Perote since the fight of Cerro Gordo, and was supposed to be somewhere in the mountains. Perote is thirty-six miles beyond Jalapa, one hundred and eight from Vera Cruz,and one hundred and seventy-one from the city of Mexico. The following is from the Vera Cruz Eagle of the 2Sih April: We understood yesterday that informa had been received at Jalapa,that Gen. Worth had thrown his outpost towards Puebla,and would march immediately in that direction himself. We are somewhat doubtful as to its truth, however, not being able to trace it to any positive source. The latest infor mation received from Perote, which might he relied on, (we think) is that issued by us in an extra on Monday last, and repub lished in this day’s paper. Generals Scott, 1 Patterson, Twiggs, Pillow, and Quitman I were in Jalapa. Gen. Shields is still in a verv doubtful state in an hospital on the bat tle-field at Cerro Gordo. Rumor says that Puebla will y ield without discharging a gun j if so they will show more wisdom than has been evinced by several other Mexican cities with hardly a hope for success against us. it is now certain that Santa Anna is at Orizaba, a little town at the foot of the mountain of that name, with about 1000 troops around his standard. He was seen at that place on Sunday morning last, and was heard to express his desire of remain ! ing there until he could muster a suflicieul