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Port Tobacco times, and Charles County advertiser. (Port Tobacco, Md.) 1845-1898, May 20, 1847, Image 2

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From the N. Y. Courier and Enquirer.
no. iv- ~
To the Hon. George P. Marsh :
Sir : Incidentally to the diversities which .
in my lormer communications have been
mentioned, it happens that the South have
several decided advantages over the North,
which conspire to give them ascendency in
the General Government,
It would seem that the great advantage
which results to the South, in point of se
curing popular favor in this Republic, from
having made manners a specific object of
cultivation through successive generations,
would of itself be sufficient to account for
the ascendency which exists.
But in addition to this, it rests on good
Norlhern authority that they have also made
politics a particular object of study and pur
suit. Their principal advantage, however,
is, that the ruling law of ihe South is in per
fect accordance with the theory of the Gen
eral Government. As a nation we have a
dopted the theory that Government does not
involve the matter of Religion. On this
theory our Constitution is based.
The South, according to Northern show
ing, have made almost all the Presidents,
and have secured to themselves much the
larger share of the offices of honor, emolu
ment, and trust, under the General Govern
ment, and consequently have the advantage
which the practical conducting and handling
of affairs gives, which is the most perfect
and complete of all advantages. The ad
vantage of practice and experience are great
over inexperience, however correct and con
summate in theory an individual may be.
The practical politicians and statesmen of
this government are from the South.
In point of fact the North, with all their
wealth, education, intellectual and moral
worth, have waned in relative influence.—
On these hints political abolitionism takes
its rise. Here it germinates and feeds its
Real worth is unassuming—is modest and
retiring. This I believe is admitted as a
general maxim. Whether so admitted or
not, it is law in New England. Though
some local forwardness may exist among
New-Englanders at home,yet,there,general-
ly, and al ways abroad, they expect that their
worth will be discovered and brought to
notice by somebody other than themselves.
Morality being the ascendant law in the
North, Northern members of Congress re
present a powerfully swaying and enter
prising morality. Being local men them
selves and selections out of the homogene
ous mass, it is hardly to he supposed that
they ftrfly comprehend the embarrassments
of tbetr position when called on to act as
statesmen for the country. New-England
as||pndant morality, in away unconscious
lo themselves, mingling with all their con
ceptions of politics and government, they
are lo act under a Constitution, which not
only does not affirm any particular moral
faith, but expressly declares that none shall
he imposed. All then that is said on the
floor of Congress on the subject of slavery,
which brings its moral bearing into the ac
count, is irrelevant to the matter in hand—
is, whether perceived or unperceived, in ef
fect proposing the moral opinions of some
body to the acceptance of somebody else—
is unstatesman-like—is embarrassing to the
individual in the way of national prefer
ment, and yet is imposed on him by the
sense of his constituents.
A New-England member seems to be
laid under a necessity lo act against slavery
simply because it is wrong, that is, morally
wrong. And this is precisely that thing
which, in the relations imposed on him as
a member of the Congress of the United
States, he has nothing to do with.
The embarrassments which New-Eng
land statesmen labor under seem to be indi
cated by the physical conformation of the
United Stales. Situated not exactly in the
North-East corner of the Union, but even
more North-East than that, on an absolute
North-Eastern projection from the other
wise naturally delineated Union, the infeli
city of their relative position, in point of
influence in the Government, is enhanced
by the fact that in their latitude an orator
has not that controlling influence over his
auditory which pertains to the orator in a
more Southern clime.
Leading men easily lead the people at the
South. New-Eugland people nobody can
lead. They will lead themselves, and if
possible, their representatives in Congress;
and that 100 in a line directly opposite to
that in which their preferment in the Slate
naturally lies. And, strange as it may seem,
these same people complain that their
statesmen are not preferred in the General
Government. And upon this plea agita
tion is now actually going forward at the
North, proposing for its object an altera
tion in that particular of the Constitution
which allows representation of which the
principle is population irrespective of suf
frage, aliedging that such representation is
the cause why dominion under the Ameri
can eagle rests upon the shoulders of the
Pardon me, Sir, while I again impose my 1
positive,sincere,and most deferential opini
on, that it was a wise and patriotic invita
tion which you gave to Southern politicians
to address in person the people of the North.
They would appreciate yourself and your
worthy compeers from the North the belter
after doing so. Some cementing influence
Union would result therefrom.
HBpoubtless there islurking unconsciously
New-England mind a disposition to
think for other people in moral matters. So
abhorrent is the idea of slavery to intelligent
minds in Northern climes, that nothing but
the meekest submission lo the whole of
God’s revealed will can save from error in
this particular—can save “those who are
without” from interfering between master
and slave. “The meek will he guide in
judgment, and the meek will he teach his
way.” And without this they will “Teach
otherwise and consent not to wholesome
words ” The tendencies of civilized mind
are all that way. To that love of liberty
land haired of oppression which character
izes Northern climes, the fallacy of suppos
ing that slavery is oppression seems almost
instinctive. This places it in a false posi
tion towards both master and slave. Sym
! pathy for the supposed oppressed is as strong
as for the really oppressed, indeed the
laws of the human mind are such that when
a real being is known to suffer, or when a
real being is not known but supposed to
| sutler, and when an imaginary being is sup-
I posed to suffer, the sympathy felt alike in
all cases, is felt not for either of these, but
for another being created by the sympathiz
ing mind itself, and modeled in all respects
after its own image. The sympathy, there
fore, which is fell in Vermont for the slaves
• of the South, is not felt for what the slaves
actually suffer, but for what the Vermonters
severally suppose that themselves would
suffer, if, with all their aspirations, their love
and appreciation of liberty and capacity lor
using it to advantage, they were degraded
from their high estate to the condition of
But the facts in the case are glaringly and
notoriously otherwise. The slave of the
South has not as is supposed been degraded,
for that he could not be, but has been con
stantly rising ever since he became a slave
here. Where so much supposed wrong ex
ists, the supposed wrong-doer must neces
sarily come in for a correlative share of mis
apprehension and consequent reproach.
Since the laws of mind are such as above
described, and such results are natural re
sults, they must be admitted to be correct
results, if we cannot alledge counteracting
laws of at least equal authority with the
natural tendencies of our minds. These are
found in the volume of revealed truth.—
Since mind is so, non interference is per
emptorily commanded by Him who created
mind, and when it had erred, revealed to it
what it imperiously needed to know.
Slavery in the United States has resulted,
and is destined still more and more to re
sult, in the permanent good and advancement
of the Negro race, and human device can
not make it last longer than the good of the
slaves themselves requires, and human de
vice cannot hasten its termination by any
other means than by shedding of blood.
White population is supplanting colored
population, whether free or bond, by an ir
resistible law. Thus, and thus only, is it
desirable for the good of any party, or pos
sible, to terminate slavery in the South.—
Such is our Southern faith on this subject.
The innovating and progressive morality
of the North, requires that something should
be done to discountenance slavery. This
something, as far as the General Govern
ment is concerned, her statesmen in Con
gress are expected to do. They are expect
ed to represent and act upon the views of
their constituents.
New-England statesmen admit and main
tain that they have no constitutional right
to do any thing with or about the slavery
which exists in the States, but that the con
trol of that matter belongs to the sovereign
States severally in which slavery exists. —
Still the sense of the constituency, backed
by the sense of the civilized world, urge
them on to try to do something to discoun
tenance slaveholding, and to induce the
South to abandon it.
A singular fact, and that by which the di
versity in character between the North and
South is most strongly illustrated, is that
the point of controversy on which at the
present time the two communities grapple
closest, is not the abolition of slavery, but
the question of right to discuss the subject
of slavery.
The South knew not their Northern
friends as well as they might have been
known, or they never would have insisted
that their petitions to Congress for the abo
lition of slavery in the District of Columbia
should not be received. A love of consti
tutional liberty and a love of morality, with
all ihe fanatical abolitionism which adheres
to it, were brought into harmonious combi
nation. Those who were for the sacred
right of petition, and those who were for
the sacred right of abolitionism acted in per
fect concert, and it was useless and ill judged
to resist.
The right of petition being conceded, and
yet the thing petitioned for being as far from
being granted as ever, and remaining as de
sirable as ever in Northern estimation, the
same thing.is sought to be accomplished by
exercising the right of discussion.
There are certain propositions to argue
which is treason against nature. And such,
have the Northern members of Congress
occasion to believe, is the opinion of the
South about discussing the subject of slave
ry. Here the position of the Northern mem
bers is still embarrassing. The North have
no political power over slavery in the States.
This is conceded. Yet under the constitu
tional provision that the freedom of speech
and the freedom of the press shall not be
abridged, they have the right to discuss sla
very in their own moral way. This right
| must be conceded, for it has been success
fully maintained that a man has a right even
to shear a wolf. And the only legitimate
way of dealing with a man who insists that
he will shear a wolf simply because he has
a right todo so, is to concede that he has that
right, but to try to convince him that it is
inexpedient to exercise it. There is good
moral authority for maintaining that all
things which are lawful are not all expedi
Congress has declared its incompelency
to discontinue Sabbath mails, the Constitu
tion not having informed that body what
day in the week that day is. It would be
incongruous therefore in them to attempt to
i inform the slaveholder respecting his moral
; duties to his slaves, since it has declared it
self incapable of informing him which day
in the seven that day is which his Maker
commands him to keep holy, in which he
is not to work himself nor to work his
slave. It would be strange if the one mat
ter could be foisted in, after the other has
been excluded.
The politics and politeness of the South
are ever ready. Since the North affirms the
sinfulness of slavery, the former with his
courtesy admits the question to be proble
matical, while with his politics he affirms
their right under God so to sin, if indeed it
be a sin to hold slaves. The Constitution
not including the power of determining the
moral character of actions among the enu
merated powers conferred by that instru
ment, and as in their consciences they do
not believe that it is for “The general wel
fare of the United States,” that they should
determine slaveholding either to be or not
to be sin, they conclude that the powers of
sinning or not sinning in the matter of slave
ry is “reserved to the States respectively or
to the people.” It is difficult to deal politi
cally with such political ungodliness as this.
And yet.no less a task is imposed on the
Northern members of Congress.
The South think it bad policy, bad patri
otism, and bad manners on the part of the
North, to ask them to give up slaveholding,
after they have in the most distinct, unequi
vocal, and solemn manner declared, that they
will terminate their slaveholding and their
mortal existence simultaneously. They ha
bitually lake others at their word, and think
that it belongs to good manners so to do.
Feeling, 1 doubt not, that the attempt to
carry out Northern moral views on the floor
of Congress, was but ‘lading ones self with
thick clay,’ you. Sir, hit upon the device of
confronting the Northern constituency with
these Southern politicians.
But, Sir, the object which is proposed to
be gained by Southern addresses before
Northern audiences requires some defini
tion. It does not clearly appear what end
a Southern politician is to propose to him
self by going to the North to address the
Some attitude of state towards the subject
of slavery, New-England might reasonably
be expected to present. What this attitude
really is, can only appropriately be learned
from her statesmen. In the mixture of po
litics and morality which comes from New-
England, is there not a little lack of clear
ness in the defining of political position ?
Would not the good of the Union be sub
setved if the New-England delegation were
asked why, in the present well-defined po
sition in which the South stand, the North
continue to moralize with her?
And should not this interrogatory why ?
why ? why ? be reiterated, till the moral
view is made to subside, and the political
view is made clearly to appear ?
Will the New-England delegation to a
man, adopt the language of the Hon. Daniel
Webster ? I recollect not the occasion, but
from the lack of reiteration I should sup
pose that it was extorted from him on some
pressing occasion: “The Constitution as if 1
If they decline this,and preferan otherwise
moral one, I see not how it can be defined
without amounting to something like this:
We moralists urge moral considerations up
on you, because we yet confidently hope to
persuade you to abolish slavery. Should
we despair of accomplishing this end, we
may possibly feel it our duty to separate
from you at all hazards, lest the wrath of
God fall upon the Nation, and upon us, for
the sin of slaveholding.
This would be a position deeply lobe re
spected and one that might be reached and
reasoned with. Much light would then
break in from the region where mist now
hangs. Southern political views would then
be rendered demonstrably true, namely, that
there neither is or can be any question in
the purview of the Constitution, about the
abolition of slavery, which does not involve
the question of the continuance or dissolu
tion of the Union. Northern anti-slavery
morality, so entitled to respect, would then
have away thrown open for expressing it
self other than though abolitionism, as is
now the case. Hidden things in the way
of conscientious scruples, could then be
brought to light in away in which they
could be respectably met and answered.
Sir, it is no small matter which is on the
tapis of the civilized world in this our day,
respecting the continent of Africa, and the
Negro race. The freedom of speech, the
freedom of the press, and the freedom of
slaveholding arc all impregnablv fortified by
the Constitution of our land. The materi
als for a page of history, which will be read
with deepest interest by coming generations
is being supplied by passing events. In
Congressional high places men are writing
memoirs of themselves, to be inserted under
the head, “Causes which conspired to avert
the danger which threatened the Republic;”
or, to figure on the melancholy page of “The
decline and fall of the American Union.”
Truly the freedom of speech and the free
dom of the press are doing their destined
The sage of Ashland, for comprehending
and enacting too much of statesman-like
wisdom on the subject of slavery, is beach
ed high and dry, not by the waves of the
sea, but by that which Holy Writ puts side
by side with them, “the madness of the peo
ple.” I, a pro-slavery colonizationist, have
learned nothing from this or any other states
man on this subject, but owe whatever I
know and believe to the influences of ob
served truth.
I have the honor to be,
Your friend and fellow patriot,
A Northern Man with Southern
Gen. Twiggs has been temporarily ap
pointed Governor of Jalapa. Lieut. Col.
Childs has been appointed military com
i mandant of the city.
mgn— iiuuaamiaiirpf.TOiirmn jjjja B aaßMHßajjaaaiiß
W. CARR, Philadelphia, is authorized
to procure and forward advertisements intended for
insertion in this paper.
We give to-day the last hut one of the series of
intelligent and interesting Letters addressed to the
Hon. George P. Marsh, hy “A Northern Man with
Southern Citizenship.” It is to he regretted that
vve did not receive the copy regularly, so as to have
furnished our readers with them in successive num
bers of the “Times.” The last two Letters arc
complete in themselves, and a perusal of them will
well repay the reader.
It appears that we were misinformed last week
in regard to the prospect of the growing. Wheat
crop of this county. We have since conversed
with several of our best practical farmers on the
subject, from various sections of Charles, and they
all assure us that it presents a most unpromising
appearance. Even on the best fields the grain has
not attained more than half its usual height and is
fast heading in this condition, in consequence of
which a considerable loss in harvesting must be
the result.
We were visited with frost on Sunday night last.
The weather still continues cool for the season.
Some fifteen or twenty copies of the “Times,”
directed to subscribers, were taken from the post
ofilce in this village sometime on Monday evening
last, hy some patronizing individual. We will
give a liberal reward to know who he is. It is not
unfrcqucntly the case in country postofllces that
a single eppy of a newspaper is purloined—this has,
indeed, become a mattcr-of-course—but we can’t
stand such wholesale grabbing as this, and wo enter
our protest against it.
Mr. Harper, whose advertisement appears in
to-day’s paper, has established an Agency in our
village for the reception of AYool, to he manufactur
ed at his establishment in Prince George’s county.
This will be a great convenience to the citizens of
our county, as Capt. Herbert will take the wool to
Alexandria, to which place the cloth will be return
ed by Mr. Harper, and by the Captain brought
back with his accustomed care. Mr. Harper re
ceived a Premium from the P. G. Co, Ag. Society,
for his cloth, and otherwise comes highly recom
mended for his punctuality and superior workman
A correspondent at Newport furnishes us with
the following items:
Marvelous. —Mr. Q. Adams, of this village, on
Saturday last, shot into a flock of blackbirds, one
of which being wounded flew into a gully, where
it was found snugly cnsconscd in the throat of a
huge “land tortoise.”
The same gentleman says he shot at a muskrat
and killed an Indian hen.
Riotous Meeting. —Mr. Adams also states that
Riotous meeting of crows was held on his farm last
at which a committee of thirty was appoint
-ed, in the face of himself and his hands, to rid the
seld of all the corn as a nuisance.
Perhaps these rioters arc not aware of the fol
lowing enactment by the Legislature of our State
at its last session. We would suggest to Mr,
Adams the propriety of reading the “riot act” to
them. We understand that “true HZZs” have al
ready been found, under the new law, against a
number of these depredators.
An act to encourage the destruction of Croics
in St. Mary's Charles and Prince Geor
ge's counties , passed at Ueccmhcr session
eighteen hundred and forty-six , chapter
three hundred and forty-three.
Section 1. Be it enacted hy the General
Assembly of Maryland, That if any person
residing in St. Mary’s, Charles, or Prince
George’s counties, shall bring to any justice
of the peace of the county in which such
person shall reside, the head or heads of
any crow or crows, such person shall, for
every such head or heads, be allowed in the
county levy of said county the sum of six
and a quarter cents; and the justice of the
peace, before whom such head or heads
shall be brought, is hereby roquried to give
the person or persons bringing the same a
certificate thereof, and cause said head or
heads to be burnt, or otherwise destroyed.
Sec. 2. And he it enacted , That no per
son whatsoever shall be entitled to any al
lowance for any head or heads without first
making oath or affirmation, as the case may
be, that such crow or crows were taken and
killed in the county where such certificate
is applied for since the passage of this act,
and that no certificate hath been obtained
from any other justice of the peace for the
same; and it shall be the duty of each and
every justice of the peace, before whom such
head or heads may be brought by virtue of
tliis act, to take and receive the oath or af
firmation of the party bringing the same,
without fee and clear from all charges against
the person or persons making such oath or
affirmalian, any thing in any law to the con
trary notwithstanding.
We make the following extracts of the
important news from Mexico, w hich we find
in the Baltimore Sun of Tuesday last, for a
copy of which we are indebted to a friend.
The news was copied in the Sun from the
Picayune and Della of the 11th inst.
Immediately before the James L. Day
started from Vera Cruz, Major Leonard,
who is stationed there sent an officer on
board to inform Gen. Pillow that an express
has just arrived from Gen. Scott, with a dis
patch, in which it was stated that a deputa
tion of Mexican citizens from the Capital
had arrived at the General’s headquarters,
inviting him to advance, assuring him that
it would surrender to him without opposi
tion, and asking his protection of their per
sons and properly. To such favorable terms
Gen. Scott assented. He is therefore on his
way to, if not already in the “halls of the
Thus the surrender of the City of Mexi
co is no longer a rumor, but is confirmed
by an express from Gen. Scott, and we may ;
fairly conclude that our gallant army is '
now “reveling in the halls of the Montezu
We find the following proclamation in
the American (Jalapa) Star. That paper
I says, with some feeling, that if this mode of
j warfare is adopted, it will be the most sor
rowful time Mexico has ever known. War
without pity will be met with tear without
The citizen Mariano Salas , General of
Brigade and Colonel of the Regiment
Hidalgo , to my fellow-citizens:
My Friends —The present moment is the
most proper to excite the public spirit and
form of a nation of men truly free. When
an enemy triumphs by his union to rob us
of our dearest interests, there is nothing
more sure and more certain than to van
quish him by valor and constancy.
For this end 1 have obtained permission
to raise a guerilla corps, with whitfh to at
tack and destroy the invaders in every man
ner imaginable. The conduct of the enemy,
contrary both to humanity and natural rights,
authorizes us to pursue him without pity,
[miscricordia.] “War without pity and
death !” will be *lhe motto of the guerilla
warfare of vengeance ; therefore I invite all
my fellow-citizens, especially my brave sub
ordinates, to unite at general headquarters,
to enroll themselves, from 9 until 3 in the
afternoon, so that it may be organized in the
present week. Jose Mariana Salas.
The Vera Cruz “Eagle” learns that Don
Petro Anaya has been declared Dictator, and
Canalizo spoken of as Commander-in-chief
of the army, and that preparations are being
made for the removal of the Government
to Celaya, incase our army inarches to
the city.
It is said that Santa Anna is at Orizaba.
He had but a thousand men with him, badly
i equipped, and he looked haggard and very
much dejected. Both soldiers and officers
have Install confidence in him.
Late Foreign Arrival. —The Britannia
arrived at Boston at midnight on Sunday last.
The news brought by this steamer contains
nothing of special interest. The price of
breadslufis has advanced still further.
A most diabolical plot tomurder the Pope
has been discovered. It was first found out
by the French Ambassador. He revealed
the names of the conspirators to the Pope,
Their intention was to assassinate him while
giving audience to one who was appointed
to kill him. A Cupachin priest presented
him for the audience of the Pope His holi
ness requested his name, which was given,
but before being admitted the Pope looked
oveMjpe list of conspirators and found the
name of the Cupachin. He immediately
summoned carbineers, who, on the Cupaqh
in’s entrance, seized Idm, found he had a
brace of loaded pistols and a, poisoned dag
ger about his person. The Cupachin was
conveyed to prison, and many arrests were
The news by the steamer Britannia, says
the New York correspondence of the Sun,
dated the 17th, was received here this morn
ing, and has already had considerable effect
on the markets.
The flour market has been very stiff, un
der the effect of the news, but very little
has been done. A sale of 500 barrels Gen
nessee was made at 25 per barrel. The
tendency, however, is still upwards.
The demand for corn is quite active and
prices are still on the rise. There are sales
of 50,000 bushels yellow corn at 01 per
bushel, and of 40,000 bushels while and
mixed at 95 cts.
The following despatches have been re
ceived by the Secretary of the Navy. They
furnish an additional evidence of the energy
of the Commodore, and the gallantry of his
, officers and men. Our navy has now in
possession, or blockaded, every nook on
the Gulf coast into which supplies can be
received, except some small ports between
Alvarado and the Tabasco. The Commo
;dore deserves great credit for the exertions
|he is making to carry on the war. We un-
I derstand that he is organizing a strong corps
:of officers and men, with several pieces of
! light artillery, to be ready for landing, in
' co-operation with the land forces, should
!it be found expedient to do so.— Union
U. S. flag ship Mississippi,
At sea, off Vera Cruz, April 24,1847.
Sir : Tuxpan being the only fortified
place of importance,situated on the gulfcoast,
iiiot in our possession, ami conceiving it to
jhe a [joint of honor, as well as duty, to re
i claim the guns taken by the enemy from
I the wreck of the Truxton, and mounted
j with others for the defence of the river and
town, 1 determined on attacking it, and left
Sacrificios in this ship for that purpose on
the 12th inst., having in tow the steamers
Spitfire, Vixen and Scourge,and the gun-boats
Bonita, Petrel and Reefer, with a detach
ment of three hundred officers, seamen and
marines from the Ohio, distributed in this
and the smaller vessels. On the following
day we arrived at Lobos, the appointed place
of rendezvous. The Raritan, with a detach
ment of one hundred and eighty officers,
seamen and marines, from the Potomac, ad
ded to her own complement. The Alban}*,
John Adams, and Germantown, with the
bomb-vessels Vcsuvious, Etna, and Hccla,
had been previously despatched for Lobos,
where they arrived in good time, and were
subsequently joined by the Decatur.
On the 15th, all the vessels left Lobos
for the anchorage, under Tuxpan reef, but
were separated during the night by a north
er. Having again concentrated on themorn
ing of the 17th, the whole of that day was
employed in lightening the small vessels, in
sounding and bouying the channel of the
bar, and in other preparations for ascending
the river. •
The following morning (the 18th) the bar
was safely crossed by the steamers and gun
boats, with about thirty barges filled with
detachments from the different vessels at an
chor outside, having with them four piecs
of artillery,
After crossing the bar I hoisted my flag
on board the Spitfire, and immediately led
up the river to the attack; the steamers hav
ing the gun-boats and barges in tow, until
we got into the range of fire of the enemy,
when I ordered them to cast off; the gun
boats to follow up the river under sail, and
the detachments in the barges to land with
the artillery and storm the forts and town.
These orders were executed with extraordi
nary rapidity, while the Flotilla continued
its course up the river, and driving, by its
well-directed fire, the enemy from his de
The dispositions of the enemy for efenced
were judicious ; they consisted of two forts
on the right and one on the left bank of the
river, with positions well selected for com
manding the reaches of the stream. They
had seven guns mounted and detachments
of infantry firing from the forts and the thick
chapparal along the margin of the left bank.
General Cos, chiqf of the Winward mili-.
tary division of the Mexican army, was in
command, and had with him, as is believ
ed from the evidence of his order book, a
bout 650 rank and file.
But if the dispositions for defence were
judicious, the defence itself was feeble;
though, had it been more obstinate, the re
sults would have been the same, for f cannot
exaggerate the intrepidity of our officers and
men, or say 100 much of the spirit that ani
mated them.
The Truxton’s guns were brought off. and
the others destroyed ; the forts were also
Our loss in the attack has been small
fourteen killed and wounded.
The Albany and Reefer have been left to
watch Tuxpan; the Jlecla is ordered to
blockade Soto de la Mariner; the Etna to
occupv the river Tobasco; and the Vesu
vius and Porpoise the port ofLuguna, while
the Germantown in scouring the coast north
of Lobos.
I am, sir, with great respect, your most
obedient servant, M. C. PERRY,
. Commanding Home Squadron.
The Hon. John Y. Mason, Secretary of the
Navy, Washington.
The New Orleans Delta of the 6lh insl.,
.contains news of the capture of and
Perote by our Army, without firing a gun, i
and also of the continued advance
American troops towards the city ofMexQjjHj
The dates from Vera Cruz are
ult. The capture of the town of JalatpH
took place on lire 19Uh April, when Generate
Twiggs with the division of the Army
der his command entered and took posses
sion without any resistance. It appears that
in his flight from Cerro Gordo, Santa Anna
did not pass through Jalapa, but in compa
ny with Ampudia and Terrejon, turned off
to the left at his hacienda, and halted for
the night of ISlh at the “nine mile pass,” i
which was being fortified, but which, on se--
cond consideration, it was deemed prudent
to evacuate. This evacuation took place
on the 20ih, and in the evening Colonel
Harney’s dragoons took possession of the
Pass—Gen. Worth followed in their foot
Gen. Worth with his division entered the
town of Perote at noon on the the 22d April.
He found it completely evacuated by the
soldiers of the enemy, and a Col. Vasquez
left behind to surrender it with decency.—
An immense number of small arms, the big
guns of the castle and city, and ammunition
were taken possession of.
Gen. Ampudia, with about 3000 cavalry,
in a wretched condition, was near the town
when our troops entered it, but soon re
Santa Anna has not been in Perote since
the fight of Cerro Gordo, and was supposed
to be somewhere in the mountains.
Perote is thirty-six miles beyond Jalapa,
one hundred and eight from Vera Cruz,and
one hundred and seventy-one from the city
of Mexico.
The following is from the Vera Cruz
Eagle of the 2Sih April:
We understood yesterday that informa
had been received at Jalapa,that Gen. Worth
had thrown his outpost towards Puebla,and
would march immediately in that direction
himself. We are somewhat doubtful as to
its truth, however, not being able to trace
it to any positive source. The latest infor
mation received from Perote, which might
he relied on, (we think) is that issued by
us in an extra on Monday last, and repub
lished in this day’s paper. Generals Scott,
1 Patterson, Twiggs, Pillow, and Quitman
I were in Jalapa. Gen. Shields is still in a
verv doubtful state in an hospital on the bat
tle-field at Cerro Gordo. Rumor says that
Puebla will y ield without discharging a gun j
if so they will show more wisdom than has
been evinced by several other Mexican cities
with hardly a hope for success against us.
it is now certain that Santa Anna is at
Orizaba, a little town at the foot of the
mountain of that name, with about 1000
troops around his standard. He was seen
at that place on Sunday morning last, and
was heard to express his desire of remain
! ing there until he could muster a suflicieul

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