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1’ cr ~~P IIK Indian girl Is progressing in k accordance with the example set r 1 . , by her white sisters. Indeed, it is > ! \u a question whether the Indian girls ' s ;i Y* are not. in many respects, ad / V“* vancing more rapidly than their ! ; /■ A prototypes among the palefaces. I fj ~\ However, it must not be Interred t 'jjL.' \ that the present-day trend of cul ,r " ' > \ tore and education and progress it among the Indian girls is a parai ', C c~T) lei as to aims and purposes with a j that which prevails among herlair ii complexioned cousins Quite the i Vntrary, as a matter ot fact For instance, it •,'iday b > cited that, generally speaking, the Indian d'jris of the present give tar less thought to i |tshions in dress than do feminine members of ' e white race. Similarly they are not exercised i er suffrage and they do not place such stress i r the development ot musical accomplishments. '< ißut, on the contrary, the twentieth century In y '|in girls are devoting their energies to a mas ,!; iy of Cookery and sewing and the other essen - lls of successful home-making to which, in the ot some old tashloned iolks, the white 1 ’ j is ol the period are giving all too little atten- I "I m. At the same time, many of the red-skin >, T lies are not content to ignore tne social accom- T L *‘ shments which are suppo.-ed to enhance the at ‘t f ctiveness of modern young women. Accord at the Indian School at Carlisle. Pa., and y'-'iier large institutions of this kind we find the 1., of the idlest crowding the classes In a sic. painting, drawing, dancing, modern ath- i tcs, etc., and even beho ! d these descendants ot .. savages d velopitig marked dramatic ability .. amateur theatrical entertainments ot various int. V d . 8 I 1 Ivery person is forced to admit of the wisdom .‘•y 1 ! benefits of the "white man's education" for ( i i 'oe Indians. The remarkable Hie stories ot pV're of the self-made Indians who have, after <0 ’ uiring the white mail's book learning, adopted " < white man's mode of life, amply attest the cess of the transformation in individual cases *\ re is. however, and perhaps always will be / .ifference of opinion as to the wisdom of at- Ir’.'ipting to fix the Anglo-Saxon standards Tor I o', entire rising generation ot America's native o ves. Oddly enough there seems to be more ■<Y jespread heliet in such a policy lor the Indian 11., J l, s Than lor the young men of the tepees. < Ve say, oddly, because when new conditions v* l e confronted an uncivilized or semi civilized -' . -pie it has usually been tne men who have ac ' •'* homed themselves to the new order ot things B >r readily than the women In the case ot jff't Indian clans, however, the women have , rven more amenable to the exactions ot the V 1 s life wherein seems to lie the only salvation tC 1 he eutire Indian lite V arious reasons have e '(,|, n advanced in explanation ot this, one ot the plausible being that it has not been as dlf ‘ ((S lt for the Indian girl to forego suen pleasures V he enjoyed in her old llte as it has been tor 11 ; young brave to foresake the excitement or II chase and the care tree nomadic life and to ‘e ,'ie down in a fixed habitation with the irksome • v ’'iotony of the whit# man's life. Also, it is lm . nj'ilble to overlook the influence exerted by tbe atple of the considerable number of Indian J who have married white settlers in Ukla and of* l ®! parts ot the west. dr ‘ ven at the outset ol her career in the conven ,l environment or the age the Indian girl has !cl.‘,y advantages over her brother who cotn- hl3 education at the same time. It not in cc fluently happens that a young man of Indian 11 Ij'id graduates with honors trom some Indian m. ' >ol only to Hnd no opportunities awaiting him <• mensurate with his ability. Small wonder P* In some instances the young men re |,' I T. to the ideals and mode ot Hie ol tnelr tore in i y rs - Tli e Indian girl, on the other hand, can itenure that when she finishes a school course >|r includes domestic economy there is a place "o Brought Them Together j sic!." ; g ; i Subject for Which Body of Worn ie/ j\ Readily Abandoned Other Top ics of Conversation. °b r Hizabeth Jordan, who has just fin a Play, the second act of which n l f ,, u ,aid in a beauty parlor, was talk ,eYj the other day about women beauty .'jlors, and conversation, i i.There are a good many things that ifo od many women are interested i . ' M \ —— jl mm AN 1 J Jp'm J nornruX ••MweTZScr rxsMrtJt cs- yyo ™ Ar rA^asLe SAMO'S TAV3£S" awaiting her. She will never have any difficulty in obtaining a well-paid position in domestic serv ice. for the instructors at our Indian schools nave more applications ttian they can accept trom re sponsible families eager to secure competent In dian girls as household helpers. Some o! the ap plicants even suggest the possibility ol adopting a young Indian girl if one he iound to fulfil ex pectations. Or. if the Indian girl ot the present day, upon completing her education, elect to try tor a live lliood in some one ot the artistic pursuits she seems to have advantages over her brother tuiiy as marked as under the circumstances above men tioned. The Indian brave, .in his native state, does not show aptitude tor any form of artistic handicralt un'ess it be the fashioning ot bows and arrows. But the Indian women have tradi tional skill in bead work, in leather work and in leather work and the Indian'women ot tne south west have tor countless generations excelled in pottery manufacture, lu rug weaving and in basket manufacture When an Indian girl is enabled to use such talents in accordance with the knowl edge ol modern art ideals which a school educa tion gives her. it goes without saying that she has ready to hand a very agreeable and very re munerative means ol livelihood. School teaching is another vocation w hich opens to the educate ! Indian girls a luture that is vir tually closed to the redskins of the sterner sex. There are in ;he I'niied Suites a large and con stantly increasing number of Indian schools. — that is. primary grade schools for the education ot the vouttger Indian children on the reservations, — and it is coming about that almost all ot the teachers in these schools are Indian young women who have qualified for the work at Carlisle or other schools and by courses in normal schools. Indeed the success of great numbers ot these young Indian women school teachers in earning their livelihood by brain work while so many ot the Indian young men of the period must depend upon mauuai labor for their earnings emphasizes as does nothing else the change that has come about In tbe status of Indian women, it is, un der such circumstances, a complete reversal of conditions over those that obtained in the long ago when the Indian women were compelled to do all ot the hard labor, whereas the men were responsible only for the lighter tasks, —or, may hap, devoted themselves exclusively to warfare and the chase. There Is little doubt that one explanation ot the success which so many twentieth century In in,” she said "But there is just one universally appealing topic. “There is one subject of conversa tion that will draw every woman's at tention She'll fbrget everything else in the world to discuss It “It is the problem of how to lose weight! “To Illustrate my conviction. I'll tell you a story. This actually happened: “One day last winter I was at a din ; ner where there were fifteen or twen ty other women guests. When we ! went to the drawing room after din ner, leaving the men to their cigars, j it happened that all the women but myself and one other got into one cor ner of the room, and I and one fellow guest were left alone. I've forgotten why, but that's the way it was. “We were talking of a subject in which we were both interested, and were were having a beautiful time. But it occurred to the hostess that one or both of us might feel neglected- So THE CITIZEN, FRED ERICK, MD„ FRIDAY, diau girls are making in various fields of en deavor is found in the heritage of good health which has come to them from generations of healthful ancestors, and the influence ot tneir own early training and out-door life. Particularly would this explanation account for the splendid constitutions possessed by so many Indian girls and which have stood them in good stead in many exacting vocations, for instance, in nursing. Great numbers of Indian girls have qualified as trained nurses and the services of most of them are in constant demand at SIOO a month. The Indian baby, strapped to a board or se curely packed in an elongated basket woven tor the purpose, can neither kick nor squirm and this proves an advantage which is far-reaching in its effect in later life. Similarly is there no danger that the child will attempt to walk at an earlier age than is desirable. From earliest childhood the average Indian girl has been subjected to that rigorous outdoor life which results in making them almost perfect physically. For Instance, there may be cited the method followed in giving an Indian child a bath, —a weekly event. The mother visits some convenient pool or stream and the young member of the household, after being loosened trom her odd cradle, is placed in shal low water to kifek and splash to her heart’s con tent. In due course the dripping youngster is lifted from the water and. instead of being ten derly dried with soft linen, is simply hung to the bough of some convenient tree, by means of a cloth tied around the waist, and there dries In the air and the sunshine while the mother stands by. looking with approving eyes upon the progress of this heroic hardening process. In the old days the Indian girls accepted at tender age the traditional lot of Indian women — that of pack horse, and it was nothing unusual in the average Indian camp to see wee girls toll ing along with bundles of wood, etc., almost as large as themselves. This condition yet obtains to a considerable extent, although it i 3 not so universal as formerly. The capacity of the In dian girls for hard work, however, finds daily ex emplification In every walk of life which they have entered. Incidently, it may be mentioned that whatever Influence civilization may exert up on the young woman In whose veins courses In dian blood she never seems to lose that love of ornaments and bright colors which characterizes ail children of the wilderness and which the In dian girl will let crop out In her latter-day cos tumes, even though they be fashioned in accord ance with the most conventional inodes. she called out. from the other side of the room: “ 'Why, Miss Jordan, what are you and Mrs. Blank talking about all by yourselves?' “ ‘Mrs. Blank is telling me how she lost ten pounds,' I replied. “Well, you ought to have seen the center rush! Every woman in the room made a wild dash for us The eyes of every woman were all alight with eagerness. And from every wom an's throat burst the one impassion ed word: “'How?'" I DAIRY Hf-NDY ARRANGEMENT IN BARN Feed Box and Manger So Placed That Animal Will Clean Up Every thing Without Wasting. In arranging the feed box in the manger or hay shoot by a little care, we can soon save the first cost of material and- labor, if an arrange ment is put in like the one shown. The trough and manger should be at such a height that the animal when eating will have its head well up; Just the same as a natural position The trough or feed box should be two | feet long, two feet wide and foot deep. It will then be large enough in which to put chopped feed without the ani mal throwing it out with its nose. The platform under the hay shoot should be four feet long, two feet wide and two inches below the level Feed Box and Manger. i of the top of the feed box.' The hay shoot should be about 18x20 inches. This will allow the animal ample room to get the hay out a mouthful ! at a time. What hay and chaff fails while eating falls on the platform so arranged for It and the beast will clean it up nicely without any waste whatever. j The opening ju3t above the manger is for the convenience of the feeder. One can feed corn, chops or any var iety of leeds without going behind or even into the stall where the animal Is. SHOW AND PRODUCING TYPES Ayrshire Bred for Exhibition Has Been Developed for Beauty Alone— Conformation of Udder. There are two kinds of Ayrshires— the show type and the producing type. The show type has been devel oped ajid bred for beauty alone. The \ genuine show udder trust be compact and closely attached, both before and behind. The sole must be fiat with no indentations between the teats and the udder must not protrude behind, but he carried up even with the thighs and have small, cylindrical i teats, evenly placed on the flat bot- Excellent Type of Ayrshire. | tom. This is the only kind of udder that can be shown in many years in succession and not. become too pen dant for the ring. Any intelligent dairyman knows that this type of ud der is fleshy and does not belong to I the best producers. This craze for tight, close, shallow udders started In the show ring about twenty-five ' years ago. Common Sense With Calf. A calf two days old doesn't know anythiug about drinking milk from a pail. It must be taught to drink and patience must be exercised on the ! part of the teacher. We have seen men kick a young calf because it would not drink, and yet the calf knew more at birth than did these men when they first saw the light of day. Did | you ever see a little baby two days old that knew enough to drink milk from a pail? Do a little common sense rea ! soning while you are teaching the calf to drink. Value of Separator. Where a separator is used the skim milk Is kept at home, fed out on the farm, and as all of the fertilizing val ue in milk is found in the skim milk, this value is also saved and goes back to enrich the land. A cream separa tor is a most wise investment for any farmer who milks cows. Many dairy men now own a gasoline engine and use the same for turning the separator as well as for all other power purposes on the farm. Need of Silo Recognized. To the up to date and progressive dairyman and to the most advanced cattle feeders, the use of the slln and the feeding of ensilage is recognized as being necessary to the greatest success in their respective lines of business. Biggest Not Always Best. The biggest cow is not always the best animal In the dairy by a long shot. Good quality may be contained in a small cow and some breeders assert that it Is moie frequently In the medium or even under-sized ani mal than in the larger ones. CARING FOR COWS IN WINTER' Importance of Good Shelter In Cold or Stormy Weather Can Easily Be Determined by Owner. The importance of good sheltering in cold or stormy weather for milk cows can be easily tested by any owner of them- Let him shelter one lot overnight and not to feed them; j then feed another lot all they want I and let. them remain overnight out doors in the wind and dampness. We will be very much surprised if the first lot does not give more milk the next morning than the second lot. Many progressive dairymen recog nize the importance of good shelter for their stock—the stock providing their income. On the other hand, many stock owners who know the im portance of feeding do not appear -to give the credit to housing, which they should. Even on farms where there is plenty of feed cows fall off greatly in milk production if the pasture on which they are running is exposed to the cold wind. Neglect to provide shelter and warmth causes the physical endurance of the cattle to be so unnecessarily taxed that it is impossible to produce the full quantity of milk. Unfortu nately—especially with farmers and villagers who keep only from one to three cows—a system of management prevails which in numerous cases practically allows the animals to find their own living, to put up with the cold of winter and the unshaded heat of summer, and to subsist to a con- } siderabie extent only on the natural pasture. There are few parts of the world where this system works favor ably. Treat the cows right and satis- 1 factory results will not be looked for in vain. TWENTY-TWO MILLION COWS That Number of Animals in U. S. Pro duced $300,000,CC0 Worth of Dairy Products in Year. There are twenty-two million cows in this country, and the department ot agriculture estimates the wealth pro duced by them in one year to he SBOO,- ! 000.000, or an average profit of $'!0.30 per cow per annum. Compared with this average per cow, the accompany ing illustration, showing what one champion cow produces ea-b year, is interesting. Thi3 cow is •'Sophie," a 7 TOMS Champion Jersey Cow. champion Jersey owned at Lowell, Mass. Her record for twelve months is 14,373 pounds three ounces of milk, equaling 1,005 pounds eleven ounces of butter. Value of Separator. It is quite safe to say that a dairy man with ten average cows yielding five thousand pounds of miik each an nually would, by the deep setting coid water system, lose at least 300 pounds of butter fai yearly, which would amount to about S9O. From this one saving alone it can easily be figured that a cream separator will-pay for itself every year in the saving of butter fat from the milk of ten cows Daipy Note-s A dairyman needs to be a thorough business man. Feed all the cows will take without gaining in weight. The ordinary milk cow should drink from ten to fifteen gallons of water a ; day. ] The calf Ehould be fed only whole ' milk until it is eleven days or two weeks old. The dairyman should be well in formed along all lines that pertain to his work. Save a bull ea'.f from a cow that has the long-milking habit and breed from him. If your cows are sleeping out doors on the cold damp ground they are los ing you money. Animal housing is fapidiy approach ing a science, especially as it con cerns the dairy cow. Wash all parts of the separator at end of separation, and Bcald, leaving in the open air to dry. One minute's work on each cow ev ery morning is sufficient to prevent any accumulation of filth. Cows that are producing a profit able flow of milk must have warm and comfortable quarters during the cold weather. New Market for Corn. In a recent order of the German im- ; perial council regulations were pro mulgated that permit of a considerable use of maize by the distilleries in the empire. The raw materials ordinarily ! permitted in the production of alcohol ; are only potatoes and certain fruits The present exceptions are made be cause of the shortage in the potato crop, and they are important to America in the fact that the excep tional use of purchased raw materials \ by the agricultural distilleries and of ; grain by the commercial distilleries ! means that such extra materials and ■ grains will be maize (American corn), the United States consul at Nurem- ! burg having been so informed by distillers. This Is Worth Trying. For the window boxes in which to start vegetables next spring take up now a quantity of loose, rich soil and burn it to kill old vegetable ljfe. This can be done by burning wood over the soil before It is taken up or on a piece of sheet iron over a fire. Put this in a barrel and keep in a per fectly dry place. When your seeds come up from this" I soil next spring they will be free from | weeds % ; LIFE ISSUHAKCE COMPANIES They Are Closely Observing Public Health Conditions. An examining physician for one of the prominent Lite Insurance Com panies, in an interview on the subject I made the astonishing statement that the reason why so many applicants for insurance are rejected is because kia. ney trouble is so common to the American people, and the large major ity of applicants do not even suspect that they have the disease. He states that judging from hiv own experience and reports from druggists who are constantly in direct touch with the public, there is one prepara tion that has probably been more suc cessful in relieving and curing these diseases than any remedy known. The mild and healing influence of Dr. Kii mer’s Swamp-Root is soon realized, it stands the highest for its remarkable record of cures. We find that Swamp-Root is strictly | an herbal compound an we would ad vise our readers who feel in need of such a remedy to give it a trial, it is on sale at all drug stores in bottles ot two sizes—fifty cents and one-dollar. However, if you wish first to test its wonderful merits, send to Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y., for a sam ple bottle, absolutely free. When writ ing be sure and mention this paper. Pax Mundi. Adam bit into the apple. “The first peace dinner," he cried. ONT.Y ONE “BROMO QUININE.'• That Is LAXATIVE BUOXIO QUININE. Umk for the sicnnuiru of E. W. (illt’Vt. [ s*tl the \N jriiJ over to cure a ColU in une i/ay. ioo. - Any man ought to get three square meals a day if he i 3 able to work and able to keep (tom being worked. Constipation causes and seriously aggr-v vntos many diseases. It is thoroughly cured by Dr. Bierce's Pellets. Tiny sugar coated granules. The Curse. “May you haf t'ree sons, and I may dey all marry for love!” —London Opinion. Hamlins Wizard Oil is recommended hy many physicians. It is used in many pu!> - lie and private hospitals. Why not keep a bottle on hand in your own home? A girl may not really object to be ing kissed, but she objects to the yours man’s thinking that she doesnt object. Ofor HEAMrHE—Mfek*’ CAPt'PISE Whether from Coals, Heat. Stomach or Nervous Troubles, I'apurtine will reliev you. i ;t's liinid pieasant to take—acts Immedi ately Try it! 10c., 25c.. and 50 cents at ilcu* stores. Labor Question. Lady of House—You say you work? At what?" Hobo —At intervals. Chorus Girl Repartee. Trixie —O, you're not such a much! Zaza—No? 1 don't see any Pitts i burg millionaire's picture on your bureau, either! —Christmas Puck. Asking a Good Deal of Her. Mrs. Back-Bay—l shall want you to be dressed by three o'clock. Ellen, to receive any friends who may call. ! Eilen —Oh, lor, mum! Ain't you goin' to be in? Slow. “Myra, how long has Joe Neviu! been going with you?" "About 18 years." “That seems an awful long time." “Yes; I sometimes wonder if Joes ever going to ask me to marry him." Her Logic. It was the week before Christmas, Emery and his younger sister, Mildred, were debating very seriously the rea! ity of Santa Claus. “There isn’t any Santa Claus." said Emory, with finality. "Why, there must be," insisted his sister. "How could they make pic tures that look just like him?" “Those Youthful Prodigies.” “Will wonders never cease?" said Jones to his wife. “Here is an account of a six-year-old boy who can work the most difficult problems in al gebra.” "Remarkable!” admitted Mrs. Jones, "but I know a four-year old girl that knows Greek. Where does your lit tle wonder live?" "In Boston. Where does your lin guistic marvel live?” Mrs. Jones gazed out of the window with a far-away look in her eye as she answered; “In Greece." —Natcina! Food Magazine. SURPRISED DOCTOR. Illustrating the Effect of Food. sThe remarkable adaptability of Grape-Nuts food to stomachs so dis ordered that they Will reject every thing else, is illustrated by the case of a woman in Racine, Wis. "Two years ago,” she says, “I was attacked by a stomach trouble so se rious that for a loug time I could not . take much of any sort of food. Even the various kinds prescribed by 'h# doctor produced most acute pa>u. "We then got some Grape-Nuts food, | and you can imagine my surprise and delight when I found that I could eat i it with a relish and without the slight est distress. “When the doctor heard of it he told : me to take several small portions each day, because he feared I would grow tired of it as I had of all other food. “But to his surprise, fcand that of everybody else), 1 did not tire of I Grape-Nuts, and became better day by day, till, after some weeks, my stom ach entirely recovered and I was able ! to eat anything my appetite craved, i “My nerves, which had become so weakened that I feared I would be come insane, were also restored by the Grape-Nuts food in connection with Postum which has become our table beverage. I appreciate most gratefully and thankfully the good that | your food preparations have done me, I and shall be glad to answer any letters inquiring as to my experience.” Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Read the little book, “The Road to Wellville,” in pkgs. “There's a res • son.” Ever rend the nbore letterf A new one nppenrn from time to time. The* nre irtinlne, true, and full of bomn Interest.