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OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. List of Those Who Hold Office In City and County, Elective and Appointive. Frederick Countv. Circuit Court—Chief Judge, Hammond Umer. Associate Judges. Glenn H. Worthington. Fdward C. Peter. Court meet., at Frederick City, first Monday in Fehiuary and September for Grand Jury Terms, December, petit jury term; Slay, non-inr* .erm. Clerk of the Circuit Court— Harry W. Bowers. Deputy Clerks, Adolphus Fearhake, Charles B. Groff. I. N. Nusz, Eli G. Haugh, Harry E. Chap line and John H. Martz. Register of Wills-Samuel D. Thomas. Deputies, J. Fenton Thomas, C. H. Kreh. Orphans’ Court—John C. Ct ' l .'; ( ludce- John W. Mumford. Albert \\. Fcker Orphans’ Court meets every Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday of each week. County Treasurer—Fred. \\ . Cramer. County Commissioners-John W. Hot ter. President. T. X Mohler Prank M. Stevens. John W. Humm, J. Steward An nan. H. L. Gaver, Clerk. Jacob Rohr back, Attorney. Board ot Charities and Correction- David Cramer, president; Jacob B. Hook, secretary; Jacob B. Tyson, treasurer; Samuel U. Gregg, superintendent, Mil lard F. Perry, clerk. School J— m"'C P T a; W Xicodemus. Jr., and Cyrus Flook; E. L. Coblcntz. attorney. Secretary, Treasurer and Examiner— John T. White; Assistant, Lloyd aimer, State's Attorney—Samuel A. Lewis. Sheriff —J. D. Conard. Jr. Deputies, Wm. S Haller. Office Deputy; James A. Jones. Riding Deputy; Charles \\ . smith, Turnkey. Supervisors of Elections-Garrett S. DeGrange, president; \V illiam B. James, Republicans."and Joseph F. Etsenheaur, Democrat; Clerk, Claggett E. Remsberg. Surveyor—Emorv C. Crum. Frederick City. Frederick City Mayor. Lewis H. Register and Tax Collector— Bradley T. Nicodemus. Aldermen— Lloyd C. Culler Elmer McC. Phebus. John H. Grove, Henry H. Abbott. George Shoemaker. Clerk, jacoti Schmidt. Board meets third \\ ed aesdav of every month. .. City Health Officer—Dr. Ira J. Mc- CU poficemen—George Hoffman. Adam Bruchey. Charles R. Hoffman. \\, illiam H. FraJev, John Henry Adams. Thomas Fllby, John Blumenauer. John P. jjuinn. Engineer Electric Light Ptant Samuel Electric Light Plant—William D. Bruchey. .. . Electric Light Linemen— George ual laMarfeet Master—J. Henry Schmidt. Superintendent of \V ater \V orks. George A. Burck. . . Police Justices— George R. Dennis, jr., Aaron R'. Anders and Fabian Posey. City Attorney—Edward J. Smith. City Election Supervisors— M- S. MoD eriv 'P. Tobias Kuhn. Republicans; C. Thomas Eckstein, Democrat; Clerk, \V. C. Roderick Frederick Postoffice Officials. Postmaster, William C. Birely: Assis tant Postmaster. James W. Robinson; Clerks. William Himbury, Irvin S. Biser, William Harley, Oscar Kefauver and John Staley. Citv Carriers; Edward Moberly, J. E. Duvall. Charles Roderick, Edward Sinn, Edward Eader and Geo. Crum. R D. Carriers from Frederick; C. M. Rhodes. Route i, to Mt. Pleasant, etc.; W. G. Miller, No. 2. to Pearl, etc.; J. V. Roderick, No. 3, to The Manor, etc.;J. M. Grove, No. 4. to Jefferson, etc.; A. S. Consol. No. 5. to Braddock, etc.; U N. Martz. No. 6, to Yellow Springs, etc.; W. P. Bartholow, No. 7 to Charlesville etc. Students Mid-Year Holiday. With the annual Christmas tea at 5.30 o’clock and the informal ceremon ies in the evening, the work of Hood College for the first half of the year ended yesterday evening. Students will leave for their Christmas vacation on Friday morning. They will return on January 5. College work will be re sumed on the following morning. Much interest is centering around the annual Christmas tree events, which will be held in the college hall on Thursday evening, when the entire faculty and student body will gather. The affair will be informal. To Hare Fun. Inexpensive gifts are causing no jfTttle worry to the committee in charge of that end of the celebration. These little mementoes portray the charac teristics of the various students and members of the faculty and afford the fun for the evening. Students and members of the faculty will sing solos. Christmas carols and college songs will be sung by the student body. Short addresses will be delivered by members of the faculty. There will be an exhibit of the work of the Art Department this afternoon from 2 until 5 o’clock. The exhibit ion will be held in the studio of the department, on the third floor cf the Frederick Academy. This is one of the interesting affairs of the insti tution. Excellent work has been ac complished in this department. Injunction Against X. C. K. An injunction restraining the Penn sylvania Railroad Company fro a put ting into effect the new rates for com mutation tickets along the main line of the Northern Central Railway be tween Baltimore city and po nts in Baltimore county, was granted by Judge Duncan, In the Circuit Court at Tow-son, on Saturday morning. The railroad company is restrained from putting the new schedule into effect until after the Public Service Com mission thoroughly investigates the case and gives permission. , THE CITIZEN t RODERICK, MD.. FRIDa T. DECEMBER 18, 1914. SELECT YOUR HERD EULL WITH CARE Ths Sire Of the Herd Should Be Judged By the Production Of Hie Offspring. O. E. WOLCOTT, Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. The care that should be exercised in selecting the herd bull is shown by the records of the Jersey herd at the Uni versity of Missouri. The first bull used in this herd was Missouri Rioter, a son of Bachelor of St. Lambert —the only animal of his pedigree known to be a strong breeder. The average production of his daugh ters was 1009 lbs. of milk and 18 lbs. of fat below that of their dams. A WELL-BRED SIRS. The next bull used was Hugorotus, an animal with no high producing in dividuals in his ancestry. His daugh ters produced 393 lbs. less milk than their dams; but the percentage offal was much higher, making an increasa In fat amounting to 14 lbs. The third bull —Lorn of Meridale — had a fine pedigree; and his daughters Increased the average production 1410 lbs of milk and 66 lbs. of fat. The average production of his daughters was 5969 lbs. of milk and 287 lbs. of fat The next bull was Missouri Rioter, 3rd, a son of Missouri Rioter. His mother was the best cow in the herd. His daughters produced 3230 lbs. of milk and 146 lbs. fat more than their dams. Minette’s Pedro was used after Mis souri Rioter, 3rd. He was an animal of fine breeding with many high-class animals in his pedigree. Ten of his daughters were superior to their dams and ten were inferior. There was an increase of 55 lbs. of milk and 4 lbs. of fat This bull was holding the aver age of the Aerd. Brown Bessie’s Registrar was the last bull used with daughters old enough to test. The data regarding this bull are too limited to draw conclu sions, but it is evident his daughters are inferior. The daughters produced 1734 lbs. milk and 76 lbs. fat less than their dams. The records show the great care that should be used in selecting a bull; and the desirability of keeping the bull in the herd until the production of bis daughters is known. Missouri Rioter was sold before his daughters began to produce, and a valuable bull was lost to the breed. DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF SEED POTATOES SHOULD NOT BE MIXED BEFORE PLANTING. Potato growers often find their stock mixed and are at a loss to account for it. Some who have not become well Informed seem to think that the wind or bees may effect the blossoms and that is the way the mixture happened. It Is only when potatoes are grown from the actual seed which is found in the ball-shaped pods where the blos soms have been, that the bees or wind can cause any mixing. There are sev eral ways in which mixing may oc cur. One Is by the accidental dumping of a sack of one variety into a pile of another. Another way which I be lieve often happens, where one is growing the McCormick variety is, that there are some tubers left over in the soil from a previous digging which perpetuate themselves and thus get into a later crop. Another chance for mixing which is probably the least common, although by no means rare, is bud variation. Bud variation is con stantly happening in plants and the most common form In potatoes is the color of the skin. The White Mc- Cormick is a bud variation of the older pink-eyed variety. Now, there has ap peared in the White variety a "sprout” or bud variation with splashes of pink on the skin. If potatoes do get mixed it is often less trouble to separate them after they commence to sprout. Sprouts that have started in the dark in some varieties are pure white, others are yellowish white, others have some purple In them. A very common mixture is Irish Cobbler and Green Mountain. The sprouts of Green Mountain, when grown In the dark, are a clear green ish yellow, while those of Irish Cob bler are white, with purplish streaks and patches at the base. It has been found that the quality of high egg production is what is known as a sex limited character, and that the male bird is capable of reproducing the high laying quality very much more than the female. Heretofore, little attention has been paid to the male, outside of selecting one from a high producing dam. Now the approved method of breeding for egg production is to get a male from some known high’ producing strain, and mate him to the flock. In order to breed for high produc tiveness, it is necessary to test out the ability of the male to get high laying pullets. This can bt done by keeping the pullets from several matings in separate pens and getting a record of <thlr eggs. Kept Good Fortune Seenet. “The other evening I was helping toy wife to hang pictures,” said a man. j “While I was high up on the ladder waiting to get the hangers, I me chanically put my hand in the pocket | cf a pair of trousers. Incidentally, I had not had them on for years. I al most fell off when I felt a bill. At that moment, however, my wife re turned. Naturally, I couldn’t at once determine the extent of my good for tune. But I hung the particular pic ture on which I was then working In record time. Then I went to the kitchen. It turned out to be a five spot. Some luck, boy?” "What did your wife say when you told her?” I asked. ‘ Did you divide up?” "What? Who told her? Me? Not on your life. I just rushed back and contin ued to hang pictures with renewed vigor:” Learning Through Suffering. The world is filled with men who are trying to reform some one else, with those who have Eome panacea or an tidote for all ills and who think that by legislation or other outward press ure men and women may be made ideal. There is nothing to such no tions. Life is a struggle, and gen erally a hard one. Good character is built upon overcoming oneself, and unless reforms begin from the inside they do not last long., Boys are pun ished not to give them pain, but to give certain definite reactions between the physical and moral parts of their composition. The rod has been abused, but it is now more neglected than overworked. It is through sad experi ence that we achieve moral worth.— Exchange. The Banana. The thoroughly ripe banana for less ripe fruit, after cooking) is a very use ful and wholesome addition to the dietary. In hot weather the baked banana makes an excellent substitute for meat —in fact at any season it may be used as an “extra vegetable.” To prepare the fruit for baking, wash the bananas, cut half an inch from each end of the banana, and then ar range the bananas on a tin plate (pie plate), and place in the oven to bake. They will be ready for use when the skin wrinkles and juice flows after pricking the skin with a fork. They are quite “done” when the pierced fruit is soft. They may be eaten as one does a baked potato—seasoned with butter, pepper and salt. 1 Two at Price of One. A clerk in a law office sat at a typewriter, busily pounding out a let ter which he had been instructed to write. His fingers moved nimbly over the keys of the machine and his lips kept pace with his fingers—though emitting no sound. It was suggestive of the person who, when reading can not avoid the lip movement when scanning the printed page. “Say, I’ve got a prize in that chap,” the head of the firm remarked to a visiting friend. “How so?” "Why, don’t you see he’s dictating, and at the same time he’s typewriting? He’s filling two jobs— and he receives only one salary. Great scheme.” Not Enough for Him. Everyone who has visited St. Paul and Minneapolis knows there is a de cided feeling of rivalry between these two large, growing cities. A speaker addressing an audience at St. Paul, spoke of the reckless driving of mo tor cars that at that time was preva lent in Minneapolis and expressed the hope that St. Paul would not follow the example of her rival city. “Why," said the speaker, "I have heard that some four or five inhabitants are killed in Minneapolis by automobiles every week.” And to his amazement from the audience came a voice: "Wa’al, it ain’t enough.” Diplomatic Rebuke. A well-known western senator re cently visited a barber shop where the barber, failing to recognize his patron, was very talkativq. He ventured on all the timely topics of the day, and although the senator did not, apparent ly, enter into the spirit of the conver sation very keenly, the tonsorial art ist's enthusiasm was not visibly damp ened. Finally he asked: “Have you ever been in here before?” “Once,” said the senator. “Strange that I don’t recall your face.” “Not at all,” the senator assured him. “It altered greatly in healing.”—Harper's Maga zine. I Boarding House Statistics. It was dinner-time at Mrs. Meane leigh’s high-class boarding establish ment. "Well,” said the statistical boarder, leaning back in his chair, “we have at this meal the representa tives of two widely-separated genera tions.” “How is that?” asked the in quisitive boarder, rising to the occa sion. “Why, the hen we have been trying to eat was, in all probability, the great-great-grandmother of this omelette!” Then there fell a palpable silence. Not Disconcerted. An old negro minister was recently Interrupted in the course of his ser mon by a loud laugh from one of the congregation. He stopped his dis course, and said: “De ’postle has told us dat ‘er hearty laugh does good like medicine, but de brudder is ’spectful ly minded dat dis ain’t er doctor’s of fice nor er ’pothecary’s shop,” and then he resumed his sermon. To Test Suspected Coin. There is a very simple means of testing a suspected coin, which can be applied in any circumstances. Take a good coin and vigorously rub its milled edge against that of the sus pect. If the coin on trial is a "wrong ’un” it will peel off, or at least show signs of flaking. If the edge bears the test the coin may safely be accept ed. This advice was given by an offi cer of the criminal investigation de partment of England, who declared it to be a certain test. Watch Your Step. A prominent country Driest, well known for nis humor, in speaking of n sad accident that befell one of qur good cclesiastical dignitaries the other evening, humorously remarked: “The man who goes along this mun dane sphere keeping both eyes on heaven all the lime is liable to trip and land in heaven pretty quick. But the man who always keeps one eye on heaven and the other good one on earth is liable to gain the best in heaven and earth.” Natural Mi take. Little Eunice was very fond of her mother’s friend, Mrs. Clayton, who had stopped in for a few moments on her way to an afternoon party. She was wearing a beautiful new gown. Little Eunice gazed at her foi several seconds, speechless with admiration, and then burst out delightedly, “Oh, Mrs. Clayton, you look just like ~ fashion dish!”—Youth’s Companion. Our Cente. of Area. The center of area of the continental United States (excluding Alaska, Ha waii and other recent accessions) is in northern Kansas, about ten miles north of a place called Smith Center, county seat of Smith county, in lati tude 39:55, longitude 98:50. The cen ter of population is 51 miles south and about 657 miles east of the center of area. Right Road to Knowledge. He that studies only men will get the body of knowledge without the soul and he that studies only books, the soul without the body. He that to what he sees adds observation and to what he reads reflection is In the right road to knowledge, provided that in scrutinizing the hearts of others he neglects not his own, —Colton. Complimentary. The bishop of London, speaking re cently, said that churches aid not drop down from heaven any more than bishops, though a little girl in his con gregation, evidently under that delu sion, had recently said to her mother during a tiring sermon: “I am tired now, mother; can’t the bishop go back to heaven?’’ Inspiration. Half the difficulty of fighting any severe battle or accomplishing any hard task vanishes when a man feels that he has comrades at his side fight ing in the same cause, or that the eyes of those he loves are upon him, and their hearts praying for his vic j tory.—C. J. Perry. Was a Privileged Bee. Hazel, aged four, was spending the day with her aunt. While there a bee stung her. When she returned home that evening her father asked her if she killed the bee and she replied: | “Why, no, papa; it was Aunt Jane’s bee.” Lake Nicaragua. Lake Nicaragua is not the largest body of fresh water on earth. That distinction belongs to Lake Superior, which, with its 32,000 square miles of surface, is more than ten times the size of Lake Nicaragua. Real Democracy. Ours is truly a great democracy. A1 most anybody knows almost anybody well enough to give almost anybody a letter of introduction to almost any body. 1— V/hat He Was Counting. "Who is that man over there —the one counting his fingers?” “That's Dobbs, the poet. But he isn’t count ing his fingers; he's counting his feet.”—Boston Record. Up to Doctor to Work. The Eskimo pays his doctor his fee as soon as he arrives. If the pa tient recovers it is kept, If not It is returned. J Daily Thought. i ' If it requires great tact to know how to speak to the purpose, it re quires no less to know when to be silent. —La Rochefoucauld. ' Use for Bones of Albatross. Bones of the albatross are being used to aver” great extent of late as mouthpieces for pipes instead of am -1 her. Munster Crop Area. Munster, Ireland, has a crop area of 1,287,207 acres, and a population of 1,035,495 persons. Daily Optimistic Thought. As many suffer from too much as too little. MILITIA OFFICERS MEET Questions of vital importance in warfare were discussed last night at a meeting of the officers of Company A. It was the first of a series of meetings which will be held by the company once a month. Orders have been sent out to all companies of the Maryland National Guard to hold simila- meet j ings. Major D. John Markey presided. | Those present were: Captain Elmer F. Munshower, Sergeants Harry Simmons, Paul Marsh, Fred Barrick; Corporals Harry Wisner, George Cas tle and Matthew P. Staley. The idea of these meetings is to in crease the efficiency of the company officers and to have them makj thor ough study of military work. The success of a company or army de pends entirely upon the thoroughness of the training of its officers and men. Special emphasis was placed cn this point. Company courtesy was discussed. Correct saluting on the field and in drill sheds was explained. Signal work was also discussed. Eight-Ilay Jewish Festival. The Hebrew holiday, Chanukah, the feast of the dedication, began Satur- j day night at sunset. The festival is | pre-eininently a domestic one. The ( feast will continue for eight days in commemoration of the rededication of j the temple of Jerusalem in the year 165 B. C. after the Jews gained their independence from the Syrians and cast out the shrine Antiochus Epiph 4nes had set upon the altar. Cheer and good will to their fellow man mark the spirit of the feast. Chil dren and the home are expecteu to be gladdened by entertainment o£ songs and pastimes. Each day a candle is burned in Jewish homes, until the eighth day, when eight candles will be burned. This observance sybolizes the rededication of the temple, when one cruse of oil, expected insufficient to burn one day, burned eight days. Constable Miller’s Brother Wounded in European War. Missing for three years, Michael Miller, brother of Constable William E. Miller, of this city, has turned up in an English hospital, suflering from a wound inflicted by a German bullet. Michael ran away from the home of his parents, 1222 Patapsco street, Bal timore, when he was 19 years old, and from then until last Monday no word ] was received from him. Then the parents received a letter from a Red Cross nurse in a military hospital at Leeds, England, telling that he was wounded, but that it was be lieved he would recover. He received the wound while fight ing under the English colors. Con stable Miller has hopes that his broth er will return home after being re leased from the hospital. He is be lieved to ha|l tt. - arked his wav across the ocean of the numerous cattle boats sailing from Baltimore. WE BELIEVE A close acquaintance with our Ladies’ Ready-to- Wear Department will result in both profit and satisfaction to you. Here you will find the most U correct ideas—the most perfect workmanship and W: the most reasonable prices in TAILORED SUITS, WAISTS, SKIRTS, WRAPS, FURS, UNDER MUSLINS, WRAPPERS as well asthe most depen dable makes of CORSETS, GLOVES, HOSIERY, f DRESS GOODS and SILKS. THE MOST p§ ATTENTIVE SERVICE. OTTRY US. THOMAS H. HALLER, ■ 17 to 19 N. Market St., FREDERICK, MdH iiiii 1 u aug 3-tl. 1909 1. D. Bowers’ Loir Coipl EAST PATRICK STREET, FREDERICK, MD. O Best Equioment. I Facilities Unsurpassed! ° ®Bf , X)E,Y ICXL3ST ■' June 1 1914 StM can , t >b fl < ze n uD 1Ch 'ih 1 ra ° F bomps: n °h''les <„? t..p ouUhroueh or water to can t treeze up with ram, snow or sleet; its solid steel breech (not a shell of w’ood) ihotllun 'io Vk tr ' cal e “ n withcrat sacrificing strengtli or safety; it is the safest o shotgun ever bu.lt, Six shots in 12 and 16 gauges; five in 20 giuge. cl -Matted I Wlth . S °i I | d ,v? ,ee,Breech (inside as well as out)—Solid Top-Side Eiec**^B Matted parrel (which costs $4.00 extra on other etinsl-Pr*** o„. _ frommagazine without working through fcto?) Double I j°g a b to • end Ilwnmer Safety. Handles rapidly ; guaranteed ia 1 ing aDtiity. price standard Grade A 12-gauge gun, $22.60 ; 16. or 20.gaoga> $24-00. . ■ Send 3 stamps postage for big catalog describing all /Tr m /, m, ./a, ~ Martin repeating shotguns (hammer and hammer- MCBUJt/etVarffß}™ ■ less), all Martin repeating riflestoc. Do it now I 42 Willow Street, New Haven, ft* B If you shoot D r 'f c ' P' s, °l or shotgun, you should have a copy of the Ideal powders hulbuU V;,. Book_l . C O W. of uscful information for shooters. It tells, all H ?™ I I?nMlS n ja!f > Md 0 do eaSU ™ pnwr?ers in ac C iirntelsf; 0r slmws S^oif a how I to e 'cu^ tS your a aniniuni^^B J JJ - I Food And Clothing For The Ton, Poor children of Washington win be made happy and comfortable a, ing the present coM snap by w Dr ' clothing and food sent them' bv Woman’s Home and Foreign mL, e ary Society of the Evangelical S' eran Church, this city. Yesterday a large box was to the Gospel Mission in of which Mrs. Harriet E. Monro,. 0 ?’ vice-president. e 18 SHIPS CHANGE REGISTRY. Washington, Dec. 15—The p. u ‘ rM of Navigation, Department of Cn merce, has announced that tne a erican merchant marine had been (?' creased since September 8 1914 ?' the registry of 101 vessels ’havine gross tonnage of 361,078 und r V ship registry act of August 13,’ 19/4 S T ff E N C T~H~! ~ Central Trust Company OF MARYLAND. i —j— OLD STRONG CONSERVATIVE g Capital $200,000 Stockholders Liabilities. 200,000 * A Surplus 200,000 E B Undivided Profits 10,000 C ' Depositors Protection $610,000 U L fl I This large amount of protection should appeal to y “STOTT. y 4% INTEREST Paid on Special Deposits Compounded Every Six Months. Special Attention Given to Accounts of Farm ers and Business Men S A r E T Y ■ jan. 30-'l4tt'