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St. Mary's beacon. [volume] (Leonard Town, Md.) 1845-1863, February 21, 1861, Image 1

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VOL. XVII.
mu ii in i u .. jaxjamianß
SAINT MARY’S BEACON
, IB PCBUaiitH KVIRT THUMP AT BT
J.*. OTO * IAMBI I. DOWVfI.
ftfiMi bt Scrßscmmo*.—fl .50 per sn
bwb, to be paid within ail months. No •
anbecription will be reof**cd for a shorter
yifh J then si* montha, end no paper be
dieeontanned until sU srrsorsges ere paid,
except t the option of the publishers.
STzszzzr
every haertion. Twelve lines
or hep constitute a square If the number
ef insertioos be not marked 00 the adver*
tnjefeent, it will be published until forbid,
and charged accordingly. A liberal de
dectieo made to those who advertise by i
the fear
TeHect e1 > ~m 1 sce i. laxyT
[ trom (Ac finilimnrt County ddr otaft ] *
THE OLD MARYLAND LIBS.
la these revolutionary times s brief hi*to- .
ry of the old Maryland Liae may not be with- j
out interest to the reader. The first bat
tle of the Revolution was fought in North
Carolina, on the Alamance River, ami not
in New England, as has beep always as- 1
srrtcd sad bviievcd. [LossingV Field Rook
of the Revolution, Vol. 2. page 370.]
No hostile Uemeastratioa was made in that
quarter again until their attack on Charles
ton in 177 H. when a powerful British fleet,
was driven back with terrible slaughter by :
the volunteer companies if South Carolina
commanded by Odom 1 Moultrie, ititf!
worthy of remark, that rot a single private |
soldier from New England ever crossed
Mason aud'Dixon’s line during the whole
wwr of the Revolution, and in fact none |
ever name further south than Long Island, 1
except a ucUlebmeiit of Rhode Island
troops, scat to occupy Fort Mercer, on the j
Delaware River, near I'hiladvlpbia. Hard
ly had hostilities commenced in New Eng- j
lend before troops were embodied in Mary-1
land and Virginia and marched to lb 1
camp at Boston-
Taut Maryland companies were com- j
posed of riflemen. B'dbrw the close of l
July they took up their march fur Bos-1
100, where they arrived in August.—
“Capul& Crcsap’s company numbered one
bona red and thirty men. kho were arm
ed with tomahawk* and rifles, were paint
ed libs Indiana, and dressed in bunting I
shirts and moccasins. They exhibited |
their skill and dariiqg. iuh rcdorick, be-j
fore they act out to the North, the mast j
expert bolding the target iu their bands
for sash other to *b*>ot a*.”
After aiding in driving the British
ffoui. Boston we next find the old Mary-1
land Line at the battle of Long Island.
The Northern troops were routed and j
driven from tbs field, whm the Mary- ;
Under* covered their retreat and saved *
them- from destruction. Headlv. a North- I
ern writer, in Ilia Life of Washington. \
•peaking of Stirling, wh© led the Mary
land troopa in their terrible charge against
the overwhelming force of the British,
wp:
“Calling around Mm a portion of Small
wood** glorious regiment of Marylanders,
wmpeeed almost entirely of young men
iff rank and wealth, he hurled them
with such terrible impetuosity on the
British graoadiere. that ike Utter recoil
ed with a mat* meat from the shock. —
Flashed, however, with the previous easy
victory, and dietainiog to yield tow hand
of undisciplined rebel*, they rallied to
the attack, and the conflict became close
and murderous. But these gallant young
men. dash one a hero, pressed so stern
tsftd resolutely into the fire, that they
6 down all opposition, and for the
first time in open combat rolled back the
seteraus of England.”
Another historian says:
“As they drew oat between the two
bodies of the enemy, is was thought by
lie looker* sh from the camp, that thee
3SSSE^^E
them, dear and sorrow filled every heart,
and Washington himself wniug his hands,
and exclaimed, /‘Good God! what brave
frllomxal uel ihis.Uty low* f* Five times
tpis little hand charged upon the power-
W fortes of (V>r wallis; and each time
drieew back, again gathered their energies
for,a fiercer assault, until at Ust upon
IpWSllAiMWth. the heavy column of the
British wtefed under the repealed shocks
lad -began It gaea way in eoafusioa J .
:‘9t at the very moment ih; victory
oensed whhm thetr firauk bri-j
'klSailcd Thetfi It. the sear, and
fresh troops, the Hetmans of iVflais
ter. came to the ala Of CurnwslKe *in ■
frelßl. Already vstwmbrnd more dm j
the terrific afoChtri. had-Wofo down by |
BJIaJKFKIL 1 (La a
dtjßl Mary Usd troops in iMb
eijaafhvc.’Sftrs
ad aariMAa firi4. btly eh-
LMWi ari when the rest af the army
Iri fo stated sr had fled, aiaintaiaad
the ballfo lumhkd. afoutist fwa frr|gads
t| the rwsmy. To ihw day tU yrqgfo,
. 1 * •••" - ■*- ~ r — T —■ ; ■ —j T^f — .
LEONARD TOWN. MD.. THURSDAY AMKKING. FEiiIULVUT .21
iin i mi n B r P mr: hrt I ri
1
of Long Island point oat to ntran-*
gers the spot were half of the Maryland
, hstallioii st*>mued the tnlvnnce of the
} whole left wing of th* Briti.-h army wh*-n
j n other troop* were left upon the field,
and where the boat blood or the Stats was
r poured out like water. ** [McS Kerry ]
A few days after their bloody conflict
with the British 00 Long Island, the Ma
rylanders were again brought into action
on York IsUud The hii><rian says ;
• The eaeakv effected.a vitboit
opposition mi thMace of I o#les° of
• Connecticut troops, who fled disgracefulTy
at the first fire of sixty of th:* British light
j infantry: and who, although from ;he
i brigadier down to the private sentinel, they
j Were caned and whipjKrd by Generals
I Washington, Putnam and Mifflin, could
j not be brought, by ‘.he burning shame of.
this indignity, to stand one shot. Dis
gusted with such cowardice, .Gvn. Wash
| ington immediately s*mt an cxpreM for the
i Maryland regiment, drew it from its brigade,
: and ordere<l i:j down towards New Yolk to;
! cover th* retreat of the army, knowing that
,he could rely upon its maintaining its po-!
| sit ion against all odds. Small w***] posted ‘
his regiment upon an advantageous emi- ■
aence near the cnemv, on the main road,
j where they remaine<l under arms the best
i part of the day. until the last troops bad •
passed; when the British, dividing th*dr;
■ main body into two columns, endeavored !
to outflank and surround him. Having
, maintained his position as hmg ss it wa i
1 necessary, and Hiving received notice to!
refr'at, he retir<*d in good order mi .reach-1
led the lines about dusk.” dSpaiks. Vol. i
j 4. McShorry.j On the nest day th< Ma- j
1 rylanders were again brought into aelion. j
| "A reinforcement of seven hundred men
■ being received by tin- Britiah, (ren. Wash
; ington ordered up. M ijor Price, with three -
lof the Maryland indep'-ndent eompanies. |
and Col. Richardson's and Grifflih’s regi
j mtuts of the Maryland flying camp, which j
Had joined the army mi the Bth of September j
i These troops attacked the enemy with the
I bayonet, drove them from their position. |
; and were pursuing them toward*
I their lines, when th - commanuei in chief
j ordered their recall/’ [Spark’s, Vol 4
1 MoS berry.]
j A few days after, “the Maryland line
displayed its wonted valor at White Plain*,
and by its sustained resistance to an ever
powering force, won new honor for it*
State. Its loss in thi* hard fought batth
| was over one hundred men; ami from
i this terrible slaughter may be estimated
the obstinacy of its defense. It had fought
j three battles in the lust three months; it
had been the first of the Revolutionary
troops to use the bayonet against the Brit
ish regulars, and had used it freely and
j wish effect in each one of these fierce
1 conflicts.” [M< Sherry ]
Not long afterward*, when the British
• army advanced to the attack of Fort Wai*h- j
■ ington on the Hudson River, we find a
! single regiment of Maryland and Vir
• ginia riflemen, commanded by Col. Raw
; lings, of Maryland, opposed to a whole
division of five thousand Hessians and
Waldcckers, under Gen. Kn^phausen.—
“Posted among the trees, his riflemen,
the hardy son* of the Maryland and Vir
ginia mountains, poured in upon the ad
vancing column a murderous fire, which j
il in vain endeavored to sustain. The!
Hessians broke amt retired. Again they
were brought to the attack, and again re f
pulsed with terrible slaughter. The Ma- |
: ryland riflemen remembered the (lestrue- 1
t ion of their brethren of (he batnllion at :
j Prick’s Mill Pond, and did not forgot to I
| avenge it. But what could a single ba-1
j tallion of riflemen, even of such matchless :
| skill and courage, effect, opposed to five
thousand men with the bajeuet. unsup
ported as they were and alone continuing
to maintain their position. Had every 1
other poet been defended as theirs was, |
victory would have crowned the American j
arms that day; But ail tho other troops j
were already in full retreat. The three >
divisions of the enemy were about to fall:
upon their rear, whilst in front they coo-1
leaded with a force for greater than their ;
• own. At length, by sneer fighting and t
power* of numbers, the Horiaus reached •
the summit of the hill. Rawlings, pcTeriv--
tag the danger fo his rear and learning the |
retreat of Ihe Pennsylvanians, abandoned -
bis position as no longer tenable, and re
tired uijier ih gB of the fort” [Mc
-Bherry ]
The Mfiwfood Idae at Twptoa. Prirce
ton, Hrworlyaine and Monairdutb, were in
the thickest of the fight-and displayed the
same unconquerable cottrage. Their fic
' roic conduct at Genuaiithwa it thus de
j scribed by McShefry:
. “la (be meanwhile the rnoaiitfog regi
i inentfiof the line, under Sullivan in person,
| pursuing the flying light infantry, oaiac
upon the main body of (be enemy drawn
•up to receive- them. A severe conflict #u- j
I sued. Sullivan, impatient of delay, at i
oooe ordend bis Marylander* to a-ivanec !
after a sharp resistanot , again retried,p-|
The steady valor of the Maryland troupe, i
ua this oemnaiou. won far them the high- 1
e. t cfeMuiums of their mmuuander. Goo. j
Sullivan. They were the first fo acrion I
*ud most constantly eugagtd ; sad' had -al-1
1 ruaJy rouUai tww UMk* of the okuij, a**i |
1 pursued them for several miles, from the
first point *>f conflict during ’ the space of
au hour ai l a ImSf, before Green’s divif- |
ion came up. and were still actively en
gaged wheu the rest of the army wse re
tiring. ’’ • i
Head)* thus deccribes the charge of the r
Miirjbsikn at Germantown ; ‘ ‘Wawhiwx
ton all this time was moving along the
main road with the rear of the Army.— -
• Hearing the heavy firing in ndratioe, he;
j knew that, Sulliyun .Wa*wrtnXy enihjp'df'
A* it eouliuu'ri without any ecssatiou, he !
became anxious, for be knew that the
troops had only about fifty minds of am- I
munition, and turning to Col. PlekeriifJ/'"*
he exclaim 'd, I am afraid Oon. Sullivan ’
is throwing away his aiuunition; ride fur- ’
ward and till him to preserve it.’ Piek
. cring JashiKl off os u gallop, and delivered !
his message. “Shoulder arms!* passed’
al-Mig the American line-* Forward nnrrlil*
followed, aid the whole line, with shoul
dered piece*, moved steadily up to tbi,* en
emy, who, struck with astonishment, re-;
coiled.”
Having fought through five sev< re cam
-1 paign.. ami been engaged in nearly every !
■ pitched bat:le iu the North, the Old Ma-I
ryland Lino wax ordered to the South.—
For several year* after their bloody defeat
at (’harlest* >u by the South Carolinian* un- !
; der Col. Moultrie, the British mad** no *•*-
1 riou* host.il>* demonstration* in that (planer; (
t'UC finally, having had possession of eve- 1
' ry large Nh.rtheru city, after Boston. NjW
. York, and Philadelphia had been oecu
-1 pied by th** r troops, a jmwcrful army un-'
dcr Lord Corn wallis was sent to South
j Carolina. The population f this state. '
; was, at that period, exceedingly spars**, 1
and the cue uy establishing their head ipiar
at CharlcsU n. it Weamc necessary to send
assistance to the Carolinians, who had!
l;cr tofore teen able to keep th ir soil free
from the fo*t of an invading foe.
The first battle was fougiit at Camden
i Gates, the commander of the American j
forces, lied from the field, leaving the Ma-1
; ryland Line opposed to the wb.de British :
army, which outnumbered them more than |
two to f, ne. Their heroic cnsduct is thus!
described by MoSlo-rry :
“But Gist’s brigade stood iummvablt.
For a while the terrific *h:tighter seemed
of doubtful issue —‘bold was the pressarr;
of the foe * exclaims un ey *-wiln*.*s,
‘firm as a rock the resistance of Gist: Now
the Marylanders were gaining ground.’!
The gallant Howard, at the head of Wil- i
Hams regiment, impetuously broke up >n j
the enemy, md severing his front, dr vs-j
the opposing corps before him; and it !
seemed as it the b*st battle was about to
be retrieved even whilst the commander
in chief was flying for from the scene of
action. But the eagle-eyed Webster, the |
best and bravest officer after Cornwallis in ‘
the British : rmy, upon the flight of the |
I centre and left, brought his veteran guards)
upon th*ir Hoik. In a moment they were !
met by thi second Maryland brigade. ;
which Smallwood rapidly brought up to
r< place the fugitives, and (he buttle was'
again renewed with undiutinisbed spirit
upon the left.
Finding his flank once more protected, '
and his Marylanders bearing up with i
unflinching vubr, the brave Do Kalb. !
j although out-numbered two to one, re-'
• solved to m ike one great and final effort I
with the layonef. Dreadful was the j
( charge. FOl a time the two iine* seemed ;
! mingled with each other, cllmring to-!
i gelher and slaying wi?h that terrible!
: weapon —tbt weaker g**ing down before
! the stronger. But at length the veteran
I troop* ot Co il wallis began to recede; at
j one point they were broken, thrown into
disorder, and many prisoners were liken.
A single C'Tps of cavalry would have re
trieved the day; but Gates’ tolly had ren-
I dered victory impossible.
“Cornwallis alarmed at ths unexpected
i resistance of the Maryland line, and hav-
I ing before experienced its desperate valor
1 with the bayonet, now couccut rated his t
! whole force tnd brought H up*n them. *
! 'i’ho inequality was too great to be resist- i
• ed. The whole British army was pour
j ed upon thc&e two demoted brigades, who
i still maintain ed iheit ground, although
1 only numbering eight hundred men, i
i opposed to more than two thousand j
! British regulars, 'and surrounded and an- I
supported, y t still fighting on with uu-!
flinching hearts. The cavalry were sud- J
deuly thrown in upon them in front and!
rear, while they were still entangled with |
the infantry. The moment was critbaii;;
De Kalb, at the head of one regiment,
attempted to restore the line—hot, over
powered, be fell covered with wounds,
and was made prisoner. Intermingled;
with the infmtry. and trampled under j
fo>l and sabred by the dragoons, without
apace to rally—the brave troops were
broken and driven from the ficla by sue- !
; ocssive ohnrgts.”
“The brave De Kalb, through treated
’ with every attention, survived hut a few
i days. He sp>;ot bis last momenta iu db
-1 latitig a letter to General Smallwood, >
! who nV>w succeeded him in the command
of the Maryland Hue, full of sincere and |
1 ardent affection for ihe officers and soldi ora
, of bis divisfrii. osfirßaalng bis admiration 1
of their late uoblo but ansuce Wul /land; 1
reciriug the which their bravery
had atv(.val the enemy, together 1
with ifcilffiely (Mifiit pnch testimony of
their vaffigdlkMl excited id bin mind. then
o*ufiA s of daeth. |
In tin* Wglltffag article. In* compliment- 5
M • Vaughan and the’
ewl *<? artillery bo
lougicufl Sb division, bosh of which
dcaHfrj|BjyWhMl- *Qt his quivering baud
bT aJ hI h *
111 Utiodietihiio Ofi his faithful, brave di
vision.”—(l<ee’ Meiuoini.)
Wo next find the Old Maryland Line
MB nd*ir*4l organ at the Cowpcit*. * ’Mor
gan arrayed his men with coiisuuuiiiitc,
skill. The Marylanders, with two cum-.
panics uf Virginia militia, aitoid soldier*. \
Cbmposed hia main and second line un
der the command of Colonel Howard, and
wore posted upon an eminence covered
with open wood, with Washington’s caval
ry in their rear as a reserve. The first;
line consisted entirely of militia under •
•’leu. Pickens; while a short disc uce in
their front, two parties of North Carolina
ami Georgia militia were stationed as
skirmishers. As the enemy began to ad- :
vance, .Morgan addressed h;s soldiers
briefly, but energetically. lie directed,
the militia to deliver nut two or three voi- |
leys, and then retire and turn behind i
the main line. The Marylanders he re
minded ot their past glory, of the confi
dence he hail always reposed in their
.-kill and courage, and assured im-m ihit-j
victory was certain if ch -y acted well
their part.” (Lee’s Memoirs.)
* Ti*o British pressed on with loud j
shouts upon the first one, which, however..
maintained an undismayed front, and;
poured in a ilose and destructive fire, but, 1
the enemy continued to advance with the!
bayonet, and (he militia being mostly
armed with rifles, retired. Already be
lieving the victory in their grasp, the
enemy charged upon the coutim nluls.
Thy were met with un-haki-u firmness, i
Tire conflict became desjierate, for a time i
neither the assailants nor the assaiica
seemed to give ground. But the uncoil- j
juerib!c spirit of the ,Ma-y'lui.ra at i
length prevailed, and the enemy b g in[
I * tatter. Tarletou immediately urdcrcu 1
up hie , reserve, and bis line, thus ream- j
moled, again advanced, extending its
front so as to e (danger Howard s right. |
Morgan -at once ordered him to retreat to- (
wards the cavalry auJ assume a new pu- i
sition; a manoeuvre which was executed 1
with coolness aau precision, and which;
effect u dly relieved the menaced flank. ,
“The British mistaking the movement *
fur the procursor.uf a flight, rushed for-;
ward with great impetuosity and in disor- i
der to complete th- ir triumph. Perceiv-{
ing their condition, Howard, not yet hav-’
ing reached the po.-.ltluu marked out by
Morgan,, *u idenly faced about and poured j
in np<m the astonished enemy a close and .
murderous tire. Their front ranks recoiled i
under the shock; and. seising the happy 1
moineut, Howard, cheering on bis men, ;
broke in upon them with (he bayonet. The*
charge was terrible aod decisive, and j
the day was won. Dearly was the:
slaughter of Camden repaid; the whole j
British infantry was killed or taken. I
Never was there a more complete or more
glorious victory The force of Morgan
did nut much exceed eight hundred men. >
while that of Tarleton reached a thou- [
sand, and ail chosen men, the very sin-,
ews of Cornwallis’ army. This splendid ;
force was euliieiy annihilated. Although *
the militia did good service, “the weight;
of the battle fell upon Howard; who sus
lamed himself admirably in those trying
circumstances, and seized, wild decision, j
the critical moment *u complete with the
bayonet the advantage gained by his
fire.” Yet he won the battle without or- j
dent; and after he bad swept the field by !
his glorious charge, Morgan role up to'
him and said severely, ‘You have done!
well—for. you are successful—had you'
tailed 1. would have shot yum’ At one
moment Howard held in bis hands the :
! swords uf seven British officers who bad |
surrendered to him M —(MaSbecn. Lee*!
Memoirs.) V I
The next battle in which the Maryland :
I line was engaged was that of Guilford i
Court House. We have mily space for a,
descript ion uf the charge of (be Man lan- .
decs leu* on by Col. Gun by and Howard. I
“His (Gunby’s) horse was shut under him, '
aim the cuimuand fell upon Col. Howard. '
who, with bis characteristic impetuosity, j
led tar ward the regiment with such rapidi
ty lhat Guuby could nut again overtake it. ,
Like a current, the old Maryland regiment f
broke through their tanks, driving them
headlong from the fold with terrific
slaughter, their busier foiling under the
sword of (’apt. Smith; amt the remains of
that splendid corps were only saved from
utter annihilation by a denpnraie expedi
ent of Ooiiivdtii. Deb rained to arrest
the progress of Washington and Howard,
he Immght up hi| artillery and opened
upon them, although every discharge’
swept through the flying guards,, staying
alike both pursuers and pursued. Toe
remedy wsa effectual, and Howard as
sumed tbc position for inly occupied by the 5
second regiment under r*rd.**-—Mtf>h'*r
ij. 1 hi second regiment wta* c*aipoiM-d
• saw remits, ajd wa throw* itefo ilia;
I
- — t—‘: —7
order and iptnested. It was about the
only instance during the whole revolution
| of a M ary land regiment behaving badly on
1 the field of battle. -
After taking part in the battle of Hob
kirk’s Hill andlbruHMult owlfbrt Ninety.
Si xv we find the old Maryland Lina at
Kaiaw. Here is MnShect/s account of
this battle; ‘ • ~. .*
“The militia advanced with spirit and
opened a heavjr fife upon t&> etlemy which
tinned to maintain their ground omA the
Brili-h troops pressed close upon them.
Sumner's North (Carolina brigade was im
mediately ordered up to cover their re-
I treat and check the advance af the enemy.
i This corps, consisting of newly raised regi
-1 nieiits never before in action, pushed for
ward in good style, aul the conflict be
came warm. Green now brought up the
Maryland and Virginia lines, which ad
vanced with u shout and poured in a des
tructive fire upm the enemy. The Bril
i.-h commander finding the dense line uf
h*s antagonist pressing bard upon him
called up his reserve. Sumner's North (
Curolinans, unable to maintain their port-
I tion, begun to fall back, when Green or* <
dcred the Marylanders and Virginians to
holi up their fire and charge with the bayo- j
net. At trailed arms, cheering vehe
mently. these two gallant brigades, led on
by Williams. Howard and Campbell, ]
rushed upon the enemy, heedless oft be dose
and deadly lire which was repeatedly pour- I
C*d in upon them us they advanced at a|,
rapid pace. Tbc shock was terrible. |
Howard’s regiment was received by the ,
i Buffs, an Irish corps, which had just joined ,
i ib'J army; and here the fiercest struggle 1 1
ensued. Neither Would yield; but crus-J (
1 sing bayonets, their ranks mingled togath- ,
cr, and wppo.-ing files sank down, each ,
pierced w:h the bay<wt *f hi-* ant igonist.
This they were found, grappled in death.
and transfixed tog (her ‘upon the fi 11 of:
slain, marking lac >p *L tvu.rj the Mary- ~
; landers uu ! Barts hd uni in di-a i!y cm
fl:ct. The olficers fought Land to baud
.> bloody * strife <;oul 1 not ecniiuue long; 1
I the rest of the British line had g;ven way,
j scare-ly wailing for tbe approach of llm
| A.ucaeans, and the gallant Boils unable j
I to maimian the conflict, with the .veteran
. Marylander*, hr ke and fled. Delighted
wtii the conduct of this regiment. Green
j rode up and cumplimcnieu it and its com-
I m-Wider in th.* mnist of the action.
The old Maryland line ended its achiev
-1 moat* with the surrender of Cornwallis at |
Yorktown. Its soldiers had been in near- j
i ly every hard fought battle in the North
, an 1 South; they were the first troops who
I had used the bayonet against the trained 1
! veterans uf Bnglaml, HUd it was their fa- ;
| vorite weapon on every, occasion. La lay- j
! etfe during l i t visit to thi* country in
1K24. sp.-aking of the Marylander* of the
revolution, sat i that “th y were* same
v O
j coek.s that flinched n*t fnnu -the' steel.”-
j Had Buf is Choate been familiar with the j
1 history uf the old Man land line he never (
* would have made the assertion lhat “it is
j not settled that ihe can be driven '
I back by boar* ling-pi lie or bayonet, by
Americans.’' But the popular histories j
j of this country have boen paucipully writ- :
i ten by Northern m-n who glorify New'
Kugland and intentionally ignore
everything done in other secti m?. How;
many of the ri-ing ration who are ;
perfectly fomiliur with the names of Ppt
, uam ana durk ever beard of Gist and
Williams, and Gunby and Smallwood and
Howard, the leaders of the old Maryland
■ line, and the best and bravest officer* in
i th American army? To use the expres- j
sion of a writer in one of the public jour
j naU, our people are “J'cUt Parleyizcd ;” i
and so the Hon. Kevtrdy Jutmsun, tom'
. recent and cxiraerdinary speech, eulogised
| the heroism of Massachusetts, and made ’
the extravagant assertion that “the boucs
of her ciidaren almost literally whitened
! the soil uf every 6utc, and tbc stars and .
stripes when in their bauds were ever the i
I certun pledge of victory or death.” The '
■ historical ignorance of *shis Matiwd jurist I
‘is astuidhbing During; (be whole war of |
> the Revolution no troops fru Mussacbu* j
• tts ever came south of tbe Huus<>d !
' river, nor waf there ever a battle won |
iby tbc people of that State. Daniel Web- !
; oter once boastingiy exclaimed in Seu
'■ af, “there is Concord ud Lex mg toonod
' Bunker UiH ” Well, what of (hem? At
' Concord a hundred militia were fired on
fby a party of British sod dispersed. The
! battle of Lexington, as it has been called
!in our school-books, wa* nothing marr
than a whole ptipulation turning out m
; nuwe and bring front behind stumps and
stone fences at a small detachment of
English tr*rt>ps ai Ifo-y marched back to
after haring ac<Omjdi*hd the oh- ,
ject wf the expedition. At Bunker liUl,
from. hh.iid‘breu*fc-wurka, they touk gvd
aim aui killed nmuhers of the enemy,
hut unlike the Southern troops at 'Nw
d loans; dVPYe drfrett tkfr %y *k* U*f*-
hut. Tbe only dthe* knot fought in;
Nuw Eoglawk/wid ihat of
which mu* o >y the ksrdy niaunfcfiu,
eta* of Vermont and New Hampshire
At Saratoga there #efh Southern troops
and Northern troops, su i none did more
to aohiew the victory thou did
Vircisia nfleus.o. On fomg foU*ii Y*>rk
foisted* W- k thli Shr* (
■*r*> ■t' ae>
TT' l\*r mmmmmSQ hi t&
- - -
-*• : —— .A-
England troops htbs red wjtti *W
*h ame fid cowardice; aUd tlfry WlbrNNib*
in any battles South of Ifeaew {flame,
A Ommctb i niN Mtwm.—Xhet*
p JUi
Xmuls. At a recent trnuiini; ui a not" -
boring count? a funny old by lh
oiOke eHUWct Oliibwcr (*' sfewsmakur'
by trade) wHaeJccted.to ifcs :*ssgW4
jpM* pH bjw
oil bid
bis i(iuke€ on hm sh'WtMcr loadoA (Nth >
bucks Imt. a precaution bo always took;
when lie went upon (be (jdd, amt beside*,,
it was prudent in case of an anticipated as-.
Mult upon his ben roos*. Approaching
his d*>r he cast bis eyes up towards bis
new sign, ruminating upon ibe practica
bility of painting on it th* title of his
newly acquired dignity, but not hiving
the best eyes be started back. “Sign
l'*oka wort o’ dim—dim—dimothy—mJiiii,
thiweveutc*.** said he in surprise, •*! can
akeerecly diaearu Zckle ou it,” “Dad!,
its Jim FUunigan’s been flinging mud at
it!” shouted a Juvenile from behind lhi‘
wood pile. Tbe officer waac astounded,
but remembering his position, be sop-*
pressed bis rage, and addressed tho
youth—
“ Speak to yor father in that my. Sir!
March, right &>nk, left face, file 1 :ft, for
ward, march! In tbe house, sir. Id pa
know yeu’ve called me da-da-da- lad long
enough.” The urchin marched, and cor
poral Glimmer brought up th,* rear in ;uil
dicrly style, but still as mad ax the dick
ens at the indignity that had been east
upon his sign. As he entered the gale a
clt in the yard bleated. The equanimity
of the stalwart officer was upset by tb*
frtsh sign of contempt of his power uui
authority. aiprlevidiug his mn*k> tat the
offending brute, he biased away. “IM|
K? you know you shan’t blu biute in a olf
off-huHsifcr’s yard !” be exclaimed as the
calf dropped, lie th m enter'd the house,
informed his wife of the laurels he bad
won, and proc-eded to inaugurate a fierco
military system in hi* family, and none vi
hit children dare to greet him otherwise •
•*ow with a prefatory touch of the
cap, and a most respectful style of address.
Poe corporal ha* beemue' the fkVbrite of
hU company, and is fo be presented,
with a full uniform by his affectionate ad
mirers.— I'tLtirshurg ( l a.) Expres*.
Tint Jews. The Jews thems-dves hare
not prosory -d everywhere their primitive
color. In the northern countries of Ko
roi>e they arc white; in (terniany many of
them havered beards; in Portugal they
are tawney. in the Province of Cochin
( him*. where a number of them have set
tle!. th y hav black ..kin*, thy
do not not contract n,arris with for
ctgiicrs. Pritchard says that hrre is alvo
at Mattsfberi a colony of wbite J**W'*. an 1
lastly, there arc black Jw* dwelling in
Africa, in the kingdom of 11 :tOU*BI. TIIUS
great varietn-s of color have been pm*:
dnrtcd among these people during eighteen
cctituricH, but no chvttgu has occurred in
ibt ir c*i*t of feature, habits or ideas. Un
der a black skiu f>r h whin-. olmcrvti Gen
eral r>ni:nis. in .Soudan, in S:ih*>rv. or fh-t
sea-coaai town-*, everywhere, Jews haw the
aanie instincts and tit two-fold aptitude fur
langit<gftJUMloimincrce. ( Color, thru, is nut
a fixed cborovlei ihtic.
Mints, tbe inventor of th** rifle bearing
his name, supervis t* an immensi; workshop
in Paril. At breakfast, over his slice of
melon, or at the lutl<* of V*nc*iin-s. lb*:
chief is the same imtu. Tbe perfection of
anus is the devouring patriot* ofbtslife. Al-
fifethiognew idtkapprac
tUing hii arm*. ho may any day, produce
a g m*l result. In Franc:* ho it known as
! the great authority of fire-arms': and it. wav
‘ to him. therefore, that
1 d fir advice when the new imperial guard
|waa lo be armed. Th<* question was i.ot
slowly filtered through committee* and
councils. M. Mildf was sum monad. lie
stated his view* frankly aatlgiM rttmoH
j fer |bte*. Xfcp K opsror lisim-d and fts-
I cidod. Mr- Mioie, arused the imperial
guard of Franco.
Tn Bonn m Daxotttr-Wejvaro that
after two weeks fiflug and druuj'.iing. to
rouse up the war lever to oho finking
p'MQt, tlic ‘ itrepresalHc/* t>f Tlsmiiit.it
county bilvw actually WUM M m getting
nineteen, valuuSeers for the purpose >f
fighting the anoibem • ‘rebel*!” Whew
it i| considered bat c*Kintyhstu
nopuiation of 1*7,81 if.* sd it K pnblican
\ny a Very lirgh msjorlty. we ere lost in
asesiftsboientJMHi wowder the alacrii*
mad s*mben wkh which i hive rushed
JUfsaacffewuii
(m# Se*ind '
jh it 6 * ud> .
WadfuiU mature but v m had
better have mx to your shirt Ulit lo 3 out
temper. 1 - • m . T .
kiiUMt btjfj •
late Ilefiry ijjia-

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