OCR Interpretation

St. Mary's beacon. [volume] (Leonard Town, Md.) 1845-1863, April 18, 1861, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89060119/1861-04-18/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

*' *’ „
ypL. xvii.
*VHvntaaisn> rav thwipat it
Tii m liii—riiiTiow |1 fiftpnr u*
in, to be paid viibis six months. No
will bs received for a shorter
period tbs* six months, and no paper ho
ratti U srresragef are paid.
mtmft t the option of the publishers.
Tasks or Aovssnsme. —II per square
flw the irat insertion, end 25 cts. for
ymf aubasqnrat insertion. Twelve tints
r less eonstltuu s sqnsre If the number
fl inntrtimi he not marked on the sdver
lissmoat, at will he published until forbid,
. |*d ehsffud acaardiagly. A liberal de
flir*r- mode to those who advertise by
the tear
Standing on a bluff above the river
Pottmae woe a efusll log house, two
stories in height, with s kitchen and
dining-room on tke first floor, end two
bed-rootes on the second. Old Spell
men, tke owner, wse known in the vi
einltr as the greatest Indian hunter of
his osy. The red skins feared his rifle,
and when it name to a rough and tum
ble fight, they feared his powerful snu
Vipre than his rifls. Of course be was
marked among the savages, known to
raeh warrior, and held in awo by all
The Indian who would bring in old
Spellman's scalp would be reverenced,
worshipped, and be regarded as a motto
snd example for all young warriors to
Imitate. The family of Spellman coo
pisted of the father and mother, daught
er and son. The parents were well ad
vanced in years, nut stout, hale and
hearty. The sun was a young man ot
promise— large muscular frame, and,
tike his father, possessing a Ih rouleau
power. The daughter wss a girl of eigh
teen. fair and beautiful. Being inured
to the forest, she wus brave and dar
ing, cool, calculating, calm, slid self
possessed. in times of the greatest dan
ger sad most imminent peril.
The house stood within a few yards
ef a precipice, about twenty feet high,
which extended some distance up and
dpwn the river, affording it on that side
a protection fr<n> an enemy. A high
palisade, commencing at the bluff on one
side, extended around the house to the
bluff on the opposite side, thus enclosing
It on three sides by the palisade, and one
ride protected by the bluff. It was con
fidri'td bv the neighbors ss a strong post,
and (he old mao himself thought it almost
About this time the Seneca Indians made
War upon the Susquehanna* aud drove
fbem from the head of the Chesapeake.—
They wandered along the banks of the Po
lemic, snd six of the chiefs applied to thr
whites, desiring to negotiate terms of
peace; they were, however, put to death,
on which occasion, Sir William Berkely
said, “They came in pesee, and 1 would
hsvo sent them in pence, though they had
killed my father aud mother. This tu
ffaraed the winds of the savages, snd they
made war on the whites, slaying india-
HliMsetely all who foil into their hands.
It wss a cold evening in November,
that Mr. Spellman wee seated by the ta
ble with a book in his hand. The old
lady was doting before the fire, with her
knitting port the time emu on sod port
the time lying idle In her lap. The eon
waa mending and generally preparing hi*
traps for the winter service. The daugh
ter was seated at her spinning wheel, oc
essmaaDy casting sly glances at a fine
AnMnwrywwag nsaa near her, who smiled
graciously in ratur*. The gentleman al
luded la a bean of Mass Spellman's
and M that evening walked through a
lonely nrp five miles to are his sweet
heart. Has name was Robert Risler, apd
m Wane pent hearted man, wilting and
able to defend his My Me from harm.
Thewrasd man whistling doleful I y about
the hawse, making everything without
psp fitM and dreary, sod all within look
mere cheerful. The old gentleman laid
down his bank, took vff bis specs, and
lamed has ear towards the bask end af the
kemls. The sen nutieed the father's ae
lisos. And damn his traps, and followed
Iha man's example.
"Misti" said he to his sister, potting
pp his finger is taken of silence.
"|Nd yoa hear anything. papT’ asked
Ok old My. starting a r in hVr sent.
“There Is something wrong, replied the
Old man; "the horses seam aaeaay. and
'IS dogp whine, tam afraid (he Indians
ay that," plead the old
ha frightened 1 tlicrs W a pretty
woof party of ok, JlUler, yon sod Ntn-
Tr. OoKecl alt the arms together, mod pot
Sp tn order; there are strong indications
Oaard veil Che doors, and
Veep s .-harp lookout.*
Jh chi mas arose from his chair, and
MMwiy stole ap stairs. Thera were
Several port hderU. ibe pert af the
-————-—————————— - - -■- -
j ,
I. house, through which the old gentleman
' i took- an obsarvation of the premises within
tke enclosure. From what be could observe,
ho was satisfied that Indiana were larking
about, sad. as war existed between the
I whites and savages, of coarse their inten
-1 turns were not sf a friendly character.
‘! When he returned Is the room below
>}4airs. ha assisted an asms
■ aud distributing the ammunition. There
{ were firearms enough for all. except the
1 ' old lady, and, for better security, she was
placed in cue end of the room. A screen
> m made to shat off the light from the
’i fire, by suspending before it two or three
'. b.-d quilts.
> | All the necessary preparations having
*! been completed, the family waited, in per*
r j feet silence, the result of their suspicions.
llt waa perhaps midnight, when there wss
fj a slight rustling outside of the d*w, and.
• by closely observing and listening, a voice
could be heard. The old man ordered
I three of the party op stairs to fire upon
' the savages who might be in (he yard,
while he would defend the door. The
command was pul in the bauds of Risler.
who. on looking out. saw, by the faint
| i light the moon cast through the clouds, a
body of Indians, just inside the palisade.
• They were standing, perfectly quiet, watch
ing the movements of their companions
‘ near the door.
“Take the three Indians to the right,”
said Risler. “T will take the first on\
’ 1 Harry the second, and Nancy the third.”
I j Noiselessly they placed their weapons
I I in the port holes, and at the same inst*nt
' the arms belched forth fire, and throe In
dians fell dead on the spot. The Indians
seemed stricken with a panic, and precip
itately fled, but a moment after returned
and attacked the house furiously. Their
principal point of attack was at the door.:
which tke old man wax defending. While
they were battering at if. ♦!♦• old lady put 1
a kettle of water over the fire, and in u
. few minutes had it boding. She then as
eeuded the stairs, and foftly raising a small
window din*ctly over the savages, she
.threw the contents over them. With
; loud howls they fled, and ss they retreat
ed the party up stairs gave thorn a volley,
aud two or three were either or
F*r but half an hour tbn* was a per- j
feet silence; no trace of an Indian could
| be e '.*n.
I *1 reckon they're gone.” s*n:d the old
1 lady in s whimper to her husband.
“Not they—we’ll from them di
-1 rectly ;** and he had scarcely made the re
ply, when a rifle shot from one of the par
.y up stairs announced the reuppearanee
• of the savages.
“Go into the kitchen Hannah.*' said
the old man: “I believe they are at the
1 back door.”
The old lady hastened to obey orders,
aud watched the door closely ae the In
! dians battered away at. it. There was a
party of savages at the front door, which
the old man was guarding with tin- utmost
care. Those np stairs were ordered down,
’ and the whole force were then mustered
' below stairs. The son and the mother
were guarding the back door, at which the
' savages were eagerly at work. At length
| it yielded to their efforts, and fell in.—
' The sou shot the first Indian, while the
mother, with an axe, attacked the second
one. and drove him back. The howling
ef tke savages brought those from tin
front doer to the rescue, snd the whole
force was now assembled at that point.—
The old lady received a serious wound,
and was borne awsy by her son. The
old man, Risler and Nancy, now joined
in the fight, by giving the savages i vol
ley which was returned, wounding Risler
’ and the elder Spellman; but they contin
ued the fight, and as the savages fled, pur
sued them to the yard. Spellman rcoeiv
' ed a second wound, which disabled him,
aud be crawled into the house.
t The remaining three fought with des
t peration. and drove the savages step by
step beyond the palisades. Nancy and her
I brother stopped to repair the breach, while
I RuW made a circuit of the place, to see
If it was thoroughly cleared of the enemy.
, As he came near the precipice an Indian
I sprung from the darkness upon him. and
| then commenced a struggle for life. The
Indian had no weapon, but endeavored to
drag Risler over the precipice. The lat
| ter was compelled to drop bis rifle, and
was therefore on equal footing with his
I savage foe.
For a few moments thjy would dangle
• over (he edge of the precipice, when Ris
ler. getting a little of the advantage, would
i force hie antagonist Wck. llis only hope
was t choke the savage; and to this pur
. posit he pot out his whole strength. But
| the savage was tho strongest man, aud
i Risler was somewhat weakened by the
loss of blood.
I The struggle Bad continued for several
minutes, when Risler felt a peculiar tigbt
f ness about the throat. The Indiau had
- pirated his fingers tightly in the ncek **f
I: Risler, snd was cbowking bint to death. He
i' was dragging his helpless victim toward
I the precipice, when the but sf a gun came
whtising down npoo Ur head, rad, with
I a convulsive shudder. he tumbled ever to
i receive a death blow from the bauds of
Nancy. She had fought brsvrij, owngi
i' omdy; and, last of all, saved her,
i lover, who in after years married her.
The wounded all recovered, and for
; three days withstood a aeige l the end
; of which time they were rrwcued and taken
to a place of safety.
J !• fWffin|r hi ? If it Im.
t ; we ought to be able to say whnt kind of
reality. Of course, everybody knows
i that people do fall in love, or say. or
| ; think, th’V do. Therefore, it might t>e
i Raid, the thing is so for real. Hut that
i answer is unsatisfactory. Not to treat
,'• the matter ethically or metaplividcnliy, in
'! a strict or technical sense, let us examine
I what we really mean when we speak of it.
! and bow far it is true, or ev.*n possible
1 There is no question as to love itself being
!an affection uf the mind snd an instinct
* , m| . • • •
or man. The question rather is. is it a
! mere instinct and more or less involnnta
|ry ? Can wc—must we fall in love? Or
■is lore under our control ? Can w- love,
! or refrain from love at our will ? More
1 yenng ladies, and not a fow weak young
’! gentlemen, and some old fools, have made
fatal mistakes in life, from a superstitious
1 beiicf in love kt fin*t sight, and from
p“*ing that falling in l<>vo had controlled
thrm like fate. We are really most
anxious to add (• the happy poetry of
! life; we wish that you may *.ove
! tmee, love uror." Therefore we gay
don’t fall in love. Be very cautious, nnd
! kc* p your heart, till a very worthy fel
low—we don’t say necessarily handsome
(fur handsome women especially know
{ what is the real value *f beauty ) —but a
•imr, a noble felltw. a gentleman, a
! Christian, offers U you his heart, bis band,
i his home; and then set your hc rt upon
| him. aud love him with all your soul
{ You don’t object to that arrang'-ment. w*
| know Well, then, it is not likely to be
! carried out. or ever to succeed in your
I case, if you are only eager to watch gome
'one-if you are r.ady to flirt v. i:h every
; coxcomb. V*u mas! really, aud stfini
fsgtly, be rsry passive, and keep yvur heart
j all disengaged for that gwectrxi<rcted whie
’ per and embarrassi d deciaratioo of love.
A * matron” might have given cih.r
I advice, or given it in another way; snd
j wc arc goiug to irii you what ♦h-- proos
j hly do-'S not know, h’trange a it tt.sy
(appear to you, we assure you that, oven
iin this case, y**u will truly hu the tiret
jtnlov-! Were the Mceref of man's heart
i known, it would be found that he ready
cannot love, in the fall sense of that sacred
word, till he is lved. Woman mv*
I ought to love till she at least thinks she i>
loved. Man loves iu order to be loved;
woman, to bestow her love. When a man
admires the beauty and grace of a woman
i (we speak not of the mere sensualist), his
j desire m not no much to iudulge hie love
jof these, as that he may be loved by the
i possessor. True woman chiefly feels a
| longing to bestow her heart and lavish all
I her sweet, attractive grace upon the man
• who adores or worships her. I t is this
distinction in the character of the passion
;of love in man and woman that renders
reciprocal affection, and those mutual at
iractiont of which we have becui sptak
i ing, so complete, and perfect, and con-
I gruous. It is this difference between man
• and womau that naturally asigns to each
I their proper part in the everlastir.g bond
i they *contract. “Her desire *hal! be to
; her huslmnd,” rather than his to her,
; and he shall rule over her—a loving rule,
; however, while both are true to their ob
ligations of love. “It is not god for a
; man to be alonehe requires the solace
' she gives as “bis helpmate;” while .‘•he
has bar joy in thus watching ;nl bcl^&ag
■ and being devoted to “her lord.”
Soon after our arrival at the Rod Lake
j Mission, we learned that the Roman Cath
! olic missionary bad been frozen to death
| two days prevaousdy, in an attempt tu
j cross the ice during a snow storm, from a
I promontory about two miles away from
; the mission. He had been visiting u camp
:of Ojibways, who warned him of the pe
i ril of a return across the ice daring the
•storm, and invited him to pass the night
jin thir wigwams; but the missionary
I thought that be would not incur any dra
; gcr of freeaing during so short a traverse,
l j although the thermometer indicated a fen..
' perature of 25 c below aero at the opfM>site
'■station. He wss frozen within two hun
dred yards of the Mission House, near to
i which were a number of log houses, leu
•, anted at thr time by half-breeds and lu
- j dians. Wlien ihe body was found on the
i? folljwing lasrning. a number cf Indian?
j set themselves to trace his steps from the
*. Ojib way car ip across the ice, a difficalt
■ wuiiertaking, in consequence of the high
I' wind which was blowing at the time Iwv
.' ing. to an inexperienced eye, obliterated
I; all traces of bis st.ps With asOmishiug
f j aocorocy them wild men read the brief
; history ot" hi., journey, aud related the iu
i oideuta to a**- as we stood on the backs of
> the Red Lake, with tke Cutaway village
i and the courts of the aufontiaate mu*ioi
-t ary in view. “There/' said my dusky
f informal.t, pcectiug to the ice not more
. that. *u!f v u4l: .Vvu. cite ocimx, *'Urd
Ji -
,j he firstHimed bin back to the wind. am!
there Mpuclt to pray,” the Indian suit
r lag thmCti<>n to the word, and kuetliug
1 in the flptade which the track showed the
i ! miwioaatt bad assumed. Now be fared
the wlppmc! ran against the blinding
mow gnphilcss atom; here ho turned
“** WSr***: t * frc trar *’ ••*
• kot Wlii dtppp<l and fell, and once
• again where be knelt t" pra v The mark*
•J of his fingers were seen on the ice. < Inct
• more he fell, roe.- again. knelt for v whil**,
r ‘ and made n effort to push ag-uusi tL_
r ! storm. They came at length to where ho
j had fallen for the last time, and aiib.<-
1 qucotly knelt with hi* hands on the ice,
' hi* heal touching the mow. lie was
! : found with hands elapsed in the attitude
of prayer, his head bent on his breast
1 The barking dogs at the Mission must
' have been aware that he was approaching.
no’withstanding the gloom of evening ar.d
1 drifting snow, for th y bnyed fiercely in
the direction ho was coming about the
time he was supposed to have fallen. The
■ half-breeds heard the dogs and looked out
in expectation of string the missionary
approach, but as the dogs soon ceased to
bark they thought it was a false alarm, and
I did not go to meet and assist him. It was
| painfully interesting to watch the Indians
1 relate the narrative of this short hut tor
r rible journey from the information
| j they had gathered on the almost
j trackless ice and snow. Th** imitation of
i the actions and motions of the poor mis
• sionary, his attitude of prayer, his droop
ing bead touching the cold icc, his back
ward wanderings, were all so faithfully
; represented, so true to -nature, that the
reality appeared to he occunug before me,
i lather than the solemn mimicry of a sav
uge.—Hindtn Canadian Etd River Kx
i plant*j Expedition.
Morbid MervouaneU
The morbid nervousness of the present
day appears in several ways. It brings
’ a man, sometimes, to that startled state
that the suddm opening of a door, the
• clash of tlic falling fireirous, or any little
(aeetdSM pots him In a flutter, Ilow oer
| vou f the )ato Sir Kohert Peel must have
■| been when, a few week-* before I is leath,
I he went to !im Z-.oloeeca! (lardoii?, and
: when a monkey suddenly sprang upon
i his arm, the gret and worthy man faint
i i oil I Another phase of nervousness is
:! when h man is brought to that stale that the
least noise or cross-occurrence teems to j r
j through the entire nervous system —to up
i ■ set him. as we say; when ho cannot com
mand his mental powers except in perfect
• j stillness, or in the chamber and at the
; writing-table to which he is accustomed;
i when, in short, be gets fidgetty, easily
worried, full of whims and fancies, which
> must Ire indulged and considered, or he is
> unite out of sorts. Another phase of
i ' the same iorbid*tondition is, when a bu
j man being is always oppressed with vague
i undefined fears that things are going
i j wrong that hid income will not meet the
i i demands upon it, that his child’s lungs arc
I I affected, that his mental (.towers arc leav
ing him—a state of h oling which shades
rapidly off into positive insanity. In
j deed, matters remain long in any
i of the fashions which have been described,
I suppose the natural termination must
i; be disease of ibr heart, or a shock of p*ra
i! lysis, or insanity in the form cither of
• j mania or idiocy. Numbers of common
\ place people who could feel very a nt* ly,
but who couii not tell what they feb, have
been worried into fatal heart-dist a-e by
i prolonged anxiety and misery. Every
! ; oue knows bow paralysis laid its band
: | upon Sir Walter ScuU, always great,
; | lastly heroic. Protracted anxiety bow
| to make the ends meet, with a large fami
!fy and an uncertain income, drove
Southey’s first wife into the lunatic asv
| lum; and there is hardly a more touch
! ( ing story than that of her fears and fore
bodings through nervous year after year,
i J Not irs* sad was the end of her over
• j wrought husband, in blank vacuity; not
11 1’.hc like end of Thomas Moore. And ner
i: haps the saddest instance of the result of
i|o overdriven nervous system, in recent
: days, was the end of that rugged, honest
wonderful, genius, Hugh Miller. — frater.
Mr. Horace Mayhew. in bis new work
■on Jutland, tells the following story: —
“An English manufacturer, scaled some
where in Zealand, amused himuclf by
> changing the eggs laid by a stork, who
annually built her neat on his house, for
■ i those of an owl. In due course of lime
■ | tbs eggs were hatched, and be was startled
E j one morning by a tremendous rew g‘itig
■ : on in thv uest of (be parent storks. The'
. j mails, in a violent stale of excitement, flew
i j round and round bis neat; tbc female
shattered away, protecting her nestling*
11 Hinder br wings; it was quite rndr-nt that
; : tistt stork wan uot aatiafied with the pro
f i dmes of his helpmate: there was corns
-; thiiLg loud* about the whole affair: he
fi wo,aid not recognise thu offspring. Alter
j s violent dispute the male In* sway, and
- j shortly returned, accompanied by two
r other storks, birds of enuspooeuee and
s oipjruiy. limy sat lh*:r*mvr* Uuwo *u
wrt roof, tod IrrttMff le tha prst nod cne*
t .
of the matter. Mrs. titnrk was comprlled
to rinc and exhibit her children. *Oan
they be niineT exclaimed the stork,
•llnppeu what may, I will never recognise
them.' On hcr.aidc Mrs. Stork protected
snd fluttered, and vowed it wras all witch
h.J ttufk pnwwwJ -faith;-,
,ftfl a wvfo'h-ftiflff. Alas. ikr how ?trT-
L : do'u the gentler sex meets with justice in
1 ttiis world when judged by man, or. in
ibis case, by stork-kind I The iudges
looked wondrous wise, conankefl, and then j
of a sudden, without pronouncing sen-'
tenee. regardless of shrieks for mercy, fell
on the injured Mrs. Stork, and jacked her
to death with their long sharp beaks. As
f r :he young owls, they would not delih
their bills by touching them, so they :
kicked them out of the and they 1
were killed iu the tumble The father,
stork, broken-hearted, quitted his abode,
aud never again returned to his former!
build iug-piace.

Who Supports the North
1 Helper, iu bin infamous book, ban stated I
bGiuc liuths which d;ouM, at this oarticu-,
lar time, be taken into -:ccount and serve j
to finally nerve tho people of the South to :
the purpose of securing ut lca:?t poisoaal, ;
it not political, independence. lie says,
(writing as a Southerner):
“it i> a (del well known to every tuttd-!
Hgent Southener. that we arc compelled to •
•go t> the North for almost every ar.icle of
utility aud adornment; that almost every-,
| thing produced at the North meets with j
read} yalo. while at the same time there is
no demand, even among our own c;ti-!
zeus. for the produce of Southern indus-1
try.” “The North is the Mecca of cui |
merchants, and to it they must and d j
make two piligrimagc per annum—one in i
j the spring, and one in the fall. We want j
i Bibles, brooms, buckets, and boots, and .
iwe go to the North; we want pens, ink, j
paper, wafers, aud envelop.-*, aud we go;
to the North; we want shoes, hats, han-i- j
• kerchiefs, umbrellas, and pocket knives,
[and we go to the North; we want toys,
j primers, school Looks, fashionable appar
el, machinery, medicines, tomb stones,
i and a thousand other things, and wo go ;
jto the No:‘h for them all” “In infsu-1
jcy vt* ar<* swaddle.] iu Northern mutliu; i
. in childhood wc arc hu.uoreil with North- j
: ern gewgaws; in yontli wc are instructed;
iin Northern books: at the :urc f maturi-;
lv wc oer wild oats’ on Northern!
soil; iu middle life we exhaust out j
wealth, energies, and talents iu the dis- !
i honorable vocation of entailing our de-)
! pendeuce upon our children and our chib !
jdreu’s children, and, to ih-j neglect ef,
our own interest aud the interest, of them :
-around u*, giving aid and succor to eve
ry ’ department of Northern, power; in
! the decline of life we remedy our eye
(sight with Northern spectacles, and sup-1
port our infirmities v\ith Northern canes; i
, in old age wc ate dtuggcd with Northern I
{physic; snd finally, wh<n we die. oui i
{inanimate bodies, shrouded in N"rthciijj
| cambric, arc stretched upon the bier,
j borne to the grave in a Northern carriage,
j entomb*d with a Northern spade, and j
until *rizcd with a North, ru slab.”
Tub Baittmohz AproiNrrvTP.— The i
I \Vnbh ing ton corrcspoodriit of tise N. York I
; Express says :—There is h warm contest t
i htfc iu reopect to the Baltimore I
| appoiutmt ntu. The parties seem to be!
ranged in tlm of Clipfcr and Pa- (
jtriut. The Clipper opt o.- d Lincoln*!-1
|cl**rtion, and ran for Bell, but}
j would take patronage now, and not opp-iS* ;
Licsrdn s administration. Whitely. ilt,
editor, is t candidate for Nnval Officer. |
Th I’atiid promoted Lincoln’s election,
; •Icprera.ed Bali’s L ing run, ard row
claims patronage, to indemnify its loesoc
liu recogoitiun of its friendship and be- i
i cause, in any evtnt. it dot s and will sup- !
(port the administration. Evans, there-)
| fore, (fx-editor.) asks that be, not White-j
j ly, be made Naval Officer. And so the i
matter goes all the way through. It is
. the same in import U> the !*•*!Office. Col
i Icctoi'ehip Navy Agency Ac., Ac.
’ I
An Impecding literary Warfare-
Headers of Marauby'a “History of
: England” remember the vigorous warfare :
I that followed the publication of tbe early ;
| volumes of that work. The Quakers, tke ,
j Irish, the Roman Catholics, the Chuich- *
1 n.m all had their little quarrels to pick I
with the historian. According to the |
| Loudon Athemwum another literary war-;
tare is impeding. In its notice af the!
I fifth volume of the History the AUu*a- !
Sum sa j e: I
“Wo cannot hope to extinguish tht.fa{
it controversies, seeing bow ranch in the
present volume is adapted to excite and |
inflame them. Those Quakers who have
t • heretofore been scandalised by fhu pic
:! tureemue caricatures of Fcnn and Fox,
will, m the leaser degree, reject the story,
• as here told, of (he fair Quaker who is
i supposed la have been la love with
* Spencer Gosper. The coocch will be
I moved aud some of them maddea*d. by
‘ the elaborate representation of tbe Ihuien
I I dirastcr. Admirers of John. Poke of
i Msrlboroafk. be *dfoadad by tbe
i ccuWhUflU malts aakuetH <4 too* area:
4 XO- 1G
, officer. But we shall not ourselves t
-1 day lake part in the*© inevitable debate*.
We U-ave Mr. Bowden to defend die
j s’tout family, and Mr. Chamber*, or any
other good Scot to explain the impugned
Minify and .bgneMy . rtf his countrymen
; who went out with WJHiatn Paterson to
. trtiod a new Tyre, or Venire, in the
; Isthmus of Darien. Marlborough is
sufficiently taken rare of. Of Montro<c,
of Dartmouth, of William P**nn enough
has been aid; but until many of the his
lorical discussions which are still open
shall have been closed, no final opinion
j on th** value of Lord Macaulay’s ‘History
of England’ can be pronounced.**
Immigration Statistics. —The annual
report of tbe number of passenger* artiv
| ing in our prta from foreign countries has
recently been submitted to Cungrtn*. The
j total number of arrivals during iB6O va*
i 179 469. Of these, 29,194 males, and
! 5.857 females, were persons born in th
! United .State?, who h?.i temporarily so*
: /turned abroad on errands of basin***, or
travel and pleasure—leafing tho actual
number of aliens who arrived here 153,-
! 040.
The largest immigration was from Ger
• many — vis: 50.640; Ireland mint us 48.-
■ 037 ; England, 13.001; Groat Britain and
| Ireland. 14.013; Prussia 3.045; and
| China, 5,407. The Chines© were landed.
! we presume, chiefly at Sun Francisco.
The total number of passengers arriving
iu tho United States by sea from foreign
countries, from September 30. 1843. to
! December 31. 1860, was 4,385.441— -of
whom, probably, more than four millions
were aliens, who intended to make this
country I heir future home. Since De
j ccrabcr 1854 the annual immigration has
} n no year been equal to aiy of the- five
years preceding tin p r-d, The .Vmer-
I can ixcifimcut. a decline in the demand
: for foreign labor, and pet haps other
causes arising out of an improved ifenl© of
• Obits in Europe, have operated na a dm
< iJed check upon the influx ©f foreigner*
iutc our country. * *
tJT The Memphis Appeal bar settled
[ ‘he 'shrtlr matter thus: “Under lit© op.t
--1 tin of the two tariffs, presenting as v !*
j a maigin in favor of the South, trie t
; Yank. esofthe North are preparing to intro
j luce their imports through eon them port*.
I and thus stop the revenue with which Mr.
; Lincoln’* “meal tuts” arc to be blind. Thug
• they are driven cither to recognize the iud*-
| prudence of the Southern Confederacy.
and establish commercial treaties with
| them, or else they must blockade the
i southern coast. But a blockade is /rw art
luf tear, and generally is preceded by *
forn al declaration of ho-iilitic*. and a
; due not ideation to foreign power.' -
i Hut if ihit course be. adopted,
the Border States will revolt and It-ak
j though the net which the A uuiibi-lit;vo
iis w< a ring around them. The
j that the while rails <>f Lincoln's fleet Mil 111!
appear at the entrance of the Pli irf**,!oi>
channel, or t!ie angry prow of hi* ftigat* -
shall plow the p acetui v* a ter* of ihi Bitiise,
nil. the I last of Davit's bogle 1* L.-i -at
Montgomery, and in thirty day* tlicic
afur Washington wilt Lo jiee —th: (oc
| mics of lh* South will no longer held u
| carnival on southern toil, and in a oly
j which bears the name of the most vintu*-
i led of southern men .”
j Wmsswuxo Joux —ln-what is known
! a* (ho “upper end'* of Pik© county. Pa..
' there is a man who baa the tfonicnl
I soubriquet of “Whispering 4*hn Kiclftda.’
This title he has gained from the foot tba*.
i h$ always talks (even in coo versa imp) a:
•If he were * mjc-general on* par .de. or
j to use * more common expression, “Lin
f he was raised in a mill.' 1
“This gentleman, who, by-lbc-bye, is
| “one of’em.” mounted hi* horse one void
j morning, before daylight, for the purpose
•of ridisg down to Milford in time lu take
! the morning stago coach for Philndeipha.
He rode up to the hotel just as th© boar
ders and traveler* had don* tbrir break
He dismounted, and walking into the
barroom, spoke to tbo landlord in hi* usu
al thundering tone:
“Good morning. Mr. L—. bow do
you do tbi* morning f
“Very well, Mr. Biokri*} bow do
you T*
“Ob. I am well, but I'm to rM 1 can’t
• bardlv talk.**
dust then a nervous tntck r who was
| present, ran up to the iatoifont' and
j catching him by tbe coal, said :
( “Mr. L~ have toy bora* brought u
! soon a* passible.”
I **W hat is tbe mutter, my drar sir; ba*
anything happened f
j “Nothing upon 'sttb, only I want lo
get away from hM htfom Ibtl 9*40
c muu-§,
I V*
is a ©clips* lib* • woman
[boating bar boy? Hnswc it if hiding
of tbe m.
rj T'-VT StJ ■■■ ■
I I He wb# safe no q.oftionai* queer, hei
i ba abfifkf mnpy iotlm

xml | txt