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St. Mary's beacon. [volume] (Leonard Town, Md.) 1845-1863, May 01, 1862, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89060119/1862-05-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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saiht r,mnrs tacor,
u.oft/Rr nn.,
vnrt"Xd. >M*Y 1, 1861'.
P ftponfment r.f Sale.
Hj rt‘fr**nc* to our advertising col
umns. it will ho aeon. that the sale of
Indian Town estate, •!varrtat Tms
tt’ sale ly B. (}. Harris, has been'
p- sfpom d from the fcth to the “7th of.
Blay, iust.
We hare been compelled to
publication of the cards of Benjam* VP
pelt and J. Vt. Tippett until our **’ x * * ! ‘"
•tte. in consequence of our initb*'? to o er
them in type in time for our pr ,enl P a l* r
MiCiffnant Falsehood
We have been formed by reliable
parties, lately from Baltimore rity. that a
rumor is in cir<‘u*tion there, that Messrs.
McCathran and Bobbins, who have latter
ly left this phec for Washington, were
driven hence on account of their Union
proclivities, flow this rumor could have
got in circulation, or what possible motive
there could be for the fabrication of so
bas* and malignant a falsehood, wo cannot
di vine. Both these gentlemen ha 1 been
residents of our village for year past and (
had the confidence and high esteem of our
eitiittns. It. was i; pOM J that they left
Us simply fiorn ordinary causes and our
citizens parted with them with feelings of
regret. If they were Union men, no. um
ber* Jt is true, it was whisper
ed about, upon the eve of their departure.
tb.it they were pro-union in tin ir senti
ments, but no one conjectured that this
induced their removal. How, then, could
they have been driven from here on ac
count of their loyalty to the GovernmentV
In this connection, it may not bo amiss
P> Ktate, that it is not our motto here to
preach what we do not practice. We an*
per *e condemnors of oppression and are
fur extending the protecting a?gis of the
laws over every citizen amongst ns. U
there should lie a Union man in onr midst/*,
—and there arc many—who is for tin
Union as framed and adminbtered by onr
fathers, he merits our esteem and fully
possesses it. But, if there are any fur the
Union—in the war or modern occupation i
of the term —we go honestly to work that j
w may secure th'dr conversion. If \vi
succeed, it is well. If not, we allaw then.
<u go their way, nor do we persecute them
or seek their proscription. No Union man
in (his county can controvert what we say.
nor can a single instance he pointed out
in which the light.-* of any one have beet;
infracted on account of his political opin
ions. We, therefore, pronounce this ru
mor a base falsehood am! a pitiful am:
cowardly attempt to bring defamation and
slander upon our peoph-; and further, w<
are willing to abide the testimony of eith
er Mr. MiUuthrau or Mr. Dubbins upon
the subject.
Disenchanted At Last*
VN Imtever difference of honest opinion 1
may have existed in Maryland in refer
ence to the sincerity of the apprehensions 1
which the Southern Slates expressed and
acted upon for the safety of their property
when they (bund the Government passing
into the hands of a sectional party, no one
can now doubt that these apprehensions
were well grounded and that South Caro
lina, with all her imperfections, was a
▼tritable prophet. JThe. abolition of sla
very in the Distrink of Columbia, the
nullification of the Wlgitivc Slave Law by
Congress and the emancipation design*
of Mr. Lincoln upon the Border Slave
States, are the solemn witnesses which
the carries before the bar of History to
justify her fiery onset upon Sumpter. We
•f Maryland have been enlightened a lit
tle too late, but at least wc have been
enlightened. We have discovered at last
that the war is waged—not mainly for the |
restoration of the Union and the honor j
of the Old Flag—but chiefly for the abo- ’
litiou of slavery. Intoxicated fur the
mwneni by the soul-stirring cry of “War I
for the Union,” we have assisted to rob'
the people of the District of Columbia!
and to render valueless our own slave inter
est. The scales have at last fallen from
our eyes and wc see now no longer through
a glass, darkly.’ Wc have been brought
K> realiio that “our patriot President” is
something worse than a promise breaker
and that the cry for the Union is u mis
erable cheat. We may nbf now avoid the
ruin which i* upon ourselves, but it still
remains in our power to withdravr our
sanction from a war which, it is now
manifest, is waged against the Confede
rate States from vindictive motives and
mainly for the extirpation of slavery wluufc
• ver it exists. That T"ice of Mai*
lulid may be rendered as effect;'''*
possible against the furtlmß proseeu’ijjj
of such a war and against all emancipa
sehemes. whether they come from Lin
coln or his allies in wo ad
vocate the ignoring of issues and
the formation ul a sufficiently
comprehensive and broad- bottomed, to
embrace the whole uuti-abulitiou senti
ment of our
Cigar Ifrvi+ir*~y.
t nrder the mnn^o
jmM of it,l r ‘‘ Pl?,? eu.. ~ e ; nfr | r . .prir
j t or p, 1%0 ,i m*w in na
tive e-j* -1 ' 0 " aTM * turning *ut a vrry
j )„r£p .tuber of cigars weekly. Mr.
1 Jamir* hav just returned from Baltitimri*
i n-jjj, large supply of fine tobacco am
j employed never. 1 additionn'
• yrkwen. V.'i proposes to so i-.iji! t!i
( snutaet wring bu*!iess on a mu h larTei
'Palo than fnrmr riy. and desires tlic publr
to sustain him Ly a continuation of theif
patronage. To those wh® have been hi*
. former petrous a rummer.datorv notice is
needless, but, in addressing the public, j
generally, we may state, that no Utter or
cheaper cigars are fnrn’ndmd anywhere
than can be had at his establishment.
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ •* - ■ ■
The Hewi-
All the war news that has reached us
fur the past week is based npon simpU
rumor, and may therefore bo put down
under the caption of “doubtful.** If ru
mor is to be credited, however, important
events have transpired and both shies have
mot with stlccsses and • reverses. It is
stated in a telegram from Hen. Wool to
the Secretary of War, that New Orleans
has fallen and is now occupied by the
Federal troops. I list dispatch, however,
is wonderfully meagre, when we n.licet !
that it refer* to :i mutter of so much mo- j
ment. It simply states the fact of the
occupation of the city and gives no paitic
ulars as to the mode of capture or the
source through which his information i*
obtained. The Associated Press has an
Agent-at Fortress Monroe and he seems
to know as little about the matter as Gen
Wool himself. lie corroborates the dis
patch from Gen. Wool, by stating that
the are in New Orleans, hnt, in
the same correspondence, denies that any
intelligence has byon received from that
city. Indeed, he goes so fur as to state,
that the tdograplrie operators have all left
New (Weans and this accounts for the ab
duce of an official confinnation of the ru
mor. Now, it is unite jv>*xiUe that New
Orleans may have Wen captured and it !
is also pnssii.fr'\\\nt Geii. Wool's “confr - j
band” story may be correct, but before w- !
shall credit any such a rumor, wc must j
have belt. r nnthonty it than the con- )
finnatory report.s of Gen. Wool, or even i
the tj.uts! endorsement of the veracious
Agent of the Associated Press. The cap- J
taro of the greatest ciK of the South is ■
not a matter so light, even in the eata- !l
logue uf Federal victofcu,*, as to be per- 1
milted to rest in doubt for the period of i
three days, nor would the Northern Press, i
with its ho-t of army correspondents, |
have been likely to have been for thi**
length of time without confirmatory evi
dence of the intelligence.
A report has been received through the
.Southern jturnals, that there has been
another great battle fought in the vicinity
of Corinth. The Confederates arc re
ported to have gained a great victory and
claim to have taken O,O'JU prisoners. Like
the capture of New Orleans,, however,
this* is entirely a one-sided story and is
pronounced by Federal authority to be I
unfounded. Late Federal reports from
the Wert make no mention of a tight, at
least, so say the Washington correspon
dents of the Northern journals. It is ad
mitted, however, that 'late intelligence
from Pittsburg Lauding shew, that Gen.
llallvck was advancing upon Corinth ami i
that, subsequently, heavy firir.gHad been
heard in that direction.
Official rcflLts from
that no n&t|£'et taken
place, nor is itjpWr that Gen. ScClel-
Inn will be lilMy to precipitate afl v *en- i
counter. There arc rumors, of course, '
of haid fighting and of Federal disasters, but
l as these xuiuors tuny Ins based upon the
; non-rccripl of official intelligence, and
the exeitcmcwl. which his been engeu
i dcred at the North by the reticence and
‘ sloth of Gen. McClellan, we decline to
vouch for their authenticity.
A correspondent, writing from Fortress
Monroe, v complains that no publication
1 has been made of 9 na*a4 rencounter that
■ very recently look in thal locality.
He foe* not, however, sjjfcak of the re
sult ot the fight, or give any particulars 1
i pertaiftng thereto, but sply complains
that his report has been utijiaretsed by the ,
j Federal authorities. reuce, we ■
presume, can b? very nrawn as to
victors, unless language
and lottmdc have lost their significance.
Late repottf from Gen. Burnside show
that u pdTtion of his command, under Gen.
Ketio, ‘he Confederates at South
Mills, near Kliznbeth City, some week
a more ago and forced them to retire after
I a somctulm protracted and sanguinary
con diet. l*no*s force i>’ variously
|csti:.iaU 1 at from 2,000 to ti.Ottrt, whilst
t% (force is down at
1,000. 'TtSpedcralo to have had
the be-t fight, though tin y ad
mit that nicy “fell Lack*’ and left thrir
dead and wounded in the uusite&sioD of
the enemy. Tht Coufoleraßw claim to
havftftriveu the Federal* Imar to their
' o their A at from
(500 to 1 AAr whil * n\m loss i
stated to have been *jtv*e small. Grt
V "n’c w‘S to be .tb
i "o-rnaH o' T -r : * wh:eb
!• is now st.it. d. will 'Vi i; tly &pp<‘ui *Ti
tbo rar of Norfolk. <nn. Ilngir v|r
(non. rri'l dispute the advancfF#
the F**dcr .1 forers.
1 Since the {in ipadon muMiro of Mr
.Lincoln, mmh diaxni.tvut Is
’hare manifested itself in the Fcdertl
army. A dispatch from Nashville
that a Ttvolt had tjk.n place among ||c
( Kentucky troops ind that eleven officer s
; had resigned. A Mood}' fight 14 6ii to
| have taken place between a regimen! of
Kentuckians and two Indiana regiments,
with wh..t result it is nt slated* Siane
trouble is also reported among the fed
eral troops at York town. Two officr-.
n Colonel and a Major, belonging to the
03rd New York regiment, have deserted
to the enemy.
Late intelligence from the
Potomac shows no material
the posture of affairs in that rejSoo.—
Gen. Panics is now at Staunton,
there, and Gen. McDowell Li &til! in the
neighborhood of Fred* ricksburg. L.ck
jon is reported to he a short ({stance
in the advance of Banks and wil, it is
thought, give him haul* Gordons
ville. No Confederate force w imported
to be in front of McDowc-H, |>ut the
New Y ork 7Jenthl admonishes hiq against
placing two much confidence in diia sup-
That journal is satand. that
re are “rebels**
lAnny of them at
estimate, at least 30,000 Conf derates
arc stiil on the 11 u ppm.au nock and
awaiting an opportunity to pouneo upon
the Federate when .they can do *o with
a certainty of success. Gen. Jo John
son is reported to have left the York- j
town forces iu cummand of Gen. Lee
and to bo now somewhere between Rich-j
mond and Washington.
Nothing new of importance has trans- i
piled in Congress.
Fmm i !u- Pori Tobacco Times.
THU 1 Rlkss.
The pres is iu-tlv esteemed, as tlie or
gan throucli wbeli \vr are informed of the i
our own people and the)
atl:: iis i t ollii r nations. Ii is the chain!
which joins into one community the many
countries which dot the globe. To be!
able to jodge of the policy of onr anli
podes, and to bo informed of the pro-'
ceedings of the great powers of the earth
is a pleasure w; i-h we wmiM very unwil
lingly resign. Nay, it : more than a
pleasure. It is mi incalculable benefit.
History is an oracle delivering its admo
nitions trom the instructive tomb of fallen i
greatness. Arraying hefre us the long ;
li.ie of ages, it shows us the road which ■
we should take by pointing out the paths ,
which led others to ruin. The press is 1
the history of current events. Just up- |
on the brink <d a forii'idane precipice, if'
warns us that some one has fallen a vie- j
tint to the designs which wo entertain.;
Beholding the ravages of war upon the'
once happy homos of a neighbor, wi
learn the priceless value of peace.
Moreover, it is the medium through
,• O j
whieu the ignorant are instructed. To it. |
in a great measure, is due the superior
enlightenment of the mass iu this age. i
The invention of printing admitted many
to the delights of knowledge, who wore
before debarred the enjoyment by the
scarcity of the means of its attainment
Fur & long t ime the wisdom of the learned,
being circulated solely by books, was
open to comparatively few. Since the
first periodical issued, manna-like in its
influence, f i —n llifr jp—r the rapid in
crease iu IbajLjNud of literature shows
the high valiMMd upon it. No man now
San tUfik luapdf Ujp poor to avail him-
Bil of me and pleasure of a
journal. The farmer, free from the toils |
of the day, gathers his dear ones around
the blaring hearth, to hoar the contents
of the paper. The sturdy pioneer in our
western forests, far from the appearance
of civilized life, beguiles the before tardy
and lonesome hours of relaxation from
his labors, by studying the affairs of the
world and particularly those of kis own
country. Thus, amid the solitudes of
the forest, where no sound salutes his
ear save the howling of the bear and the
I hoot of the owl, is he transported, by his
paper, to the company of bis friends in
the bustle of a distant city Thus is he
enabled to weigh the lofty plans of those
statesmen who guide the ship of Slate.
We have not mentioned the mot Im
portaut benefits of the press. It is not
' too much to say that It is one of the etrong
: cst safeguards of a nation’s freedom and
! consequently happiness. G reat are the
| temptations of power. The insatiable
; beatt of man is ever longing for more than
'it has, though its possessions be bounded
but by the horizon. When attained to
the apex of renown, the evil spirit of am
bition will project some Babel, that, sc
’ curing celebrity in life, it may proclaim by
its everlasting summit, cur fame to eter
nity. History, alas I for shortsighted
man, is tut a chronicle! of such schemes,
fn the execution of their purposes, the in
fringement of thosa rights which they hold
iu tru.-i, seldom ofier an impediment to
die ambitious. Ido not hesitate to assert
that the press has been an agent iu re
training the lust of power and seeming
the faithful execution of the laws, in our
da}!*. No one would be rush enough to
commit a crime, when ho knows that lie
will be discovered- The pn-is unveil*- the
intentions of those who meditate evil and
prepares the people for resistance.
Often i> the p'pular vmcc Mined ly die
oppressor. The people s.re smarting be
nciiiu tue }oae, auu tiifir indignation.
is jt wore in tluir brea ♦-,
, uccos out imii.- encouragement to inflam
it. Thi- .-nr •'.rragfuir-nt the press gives
j Docs an officer tri**crv*ud hw power*? th*-
I press, ev. r i\ auy io repress wronr, ’sd-
J 1 vi<-'- liie Dt’Oj e of Li, guilt. Junius
kept alive the -pirit of redstance to tin
pe unlawful measure* of tho ihitish ininietrv.
and great indeed ! was the iullu ne. of lii
' : wirings upon 'ho English people
'• I Truly. tieu, is the press the vcg'nl. to
ii' who-c unwearied vigilance the fir*!* of
ili freedom are indebted for su.-tenance.—
I Like the beacon tiros, which. kindled upon
every hill-mu. snnni.uned the bpanLrd to
repel tle barbarian foe from the sacred
s -it of i.i coun’rv, the tress spread the
r, tidings of the luicr's delinquency nnu
f! awakens the people to their danger. And
'as the knight buckled on the armor and
■ ; hasp ucd I * the conflict, so tho voice of the
J j people will be wafted bock in answer t
. | the warning of the press, in unmistakabl
f accents upon his bead who dare violate
" \ their right-*. Remove this clo ck, and otic
■ of the Hi most columns in the edifice of onr
I! liberties is destroyed. Tyrants hnre al
; ways been aware of t!ii fact, and there
, ! fore their inroads upa;i the rights of their
people were by the suppression of papem.
1 ■ Let us not underrate this treasure, for
! treasure it is, that makes the ofFicer respoc.-
- sihic to his constituents fbr his conduct.
. i i
• j
I Kieect or the Emancipation Rill o;v ;
I MaKVLa.mj.— i lie \V „shingloii cor res pun
j dent ot the New York Kxpn*ss thus spt-afc j
' *<t the effect of the recent emancipation lav' 1
of the District:
I “ ‘lf it were dine when ’t:s done, then
’twere well it were done quickly,’ doubt
less thought our I'resident when his cycn
b'-ln-M the District Emaneip •♦ion b li ; anc
acting upon mat st-ntnne at. though will,
r less hesitancy than the guilty Thane win. ,
. uliufk! it, has signed the bill, and in thus
' of ins approval, he fully ie
! pudiaios tine sentiments winch he has hero- j
tofore entertained and which are now on
record showing a direct opposition to his
I present policy ; however, it must not be ,
j forgotten that politics must always have :
i conceded a large margin for inconsistent j
tergiversation. The passage of this till !
, virtually extends ail its provisions to tin j
i tier of southern counties iu Maryland
■ which encircle the District, and where
; tho great mass of the slaves of that fcitate
‘ reside. Their facilities for reaching the
District are so ample that the laic shield
of protection to their owners is thrown
I down. Furthermore, its pas age, so far as
■ this locality is concerned, virtu-lly repeals
[ the fngit’vc slave aw. No claimant of a
slave fleeing to this refuge of *'contra- ,
i hands/* cun reclaim his pro petty under in* '
! provisions, nor eouid he even, in the >
; present feeling of the present ilii-eani !
■ population, secure the aid of the Gov
! eminent authorities to ex-, cute the law.— :
The inevitable consequence must he a very j
' great inti ix of fugitive negroes an 1 drain
,on the p‘ ekets id tlie philanthropic, he- !
, sides possibly calling fur Governmental us- I
‘ fc>nce Abolitionism, unde r the misnom- I
er ot Republicanism, Iris dropped its* Him- !
! sy veil, and openly shows iiaeit in ail it: J
hideous deformity, fully prepned to tram- j
■ pie down all sreuri:ic and a.-guts allowed
)by the Constitution and the Supreme I
| Court undt r guidance, there is awaken- j
i ing through out the length and breadth (if;
j the laud a feeling ot conservatism or '*.-o
--1 her second thought’* which, after all, is
[destined to bo the sheet-anchor of our na
j Ilona) safety. Already the tocsin Ims been i
sounded, and. judging from recent dec- !
tions in the North a<.d V* est, the “ana- i
eonda” of reason is preparing to throw hi>
i folds around the monster of abolitionism,
‘ and crush file venomous thing which is
i endeavoring to -it k the very life-blood of
the nation. The machinations of aboli
tionists in Congress are accompli-diing jmi
directly opposite to what they ostensibly
pretend, and the people of the country
have found it out.’’
The Senate has passed the bill intro
duced by Mr. *Sumuer, to remove the dis
abilities of color in mail carriers, the ex
ist ing laws forbidding negroes to be en
gaged iu carrying the IT.ited States mail.
! Senator Sumner apparently labors under
the idea that his constituents arc all black.
His Senatorial duties, as reported in the
newspapers, seem to he exclusively devo
ted to the negro, for whom he labors night
ami day. Wonder if this repeal will ena
ble the black men to carry the mails in ,
Illinois and Indiana, whose laws not only ;
prohibit the making of contracts w ith free
negroes, but forbid their coming into those
States ?
In discussing the emancip-lion net for;
■ the District of Columbia, Senator LMiltlc,
of Wisconsin, was bold to avow Imns-.-lfj
in favor of colonizing free negroes, but he
was decidedly opposed to compulsory cul- ,
onization. That is to say, Mr. Doolittle
is willing that, government shall pay the
passage rf such “colored gentlemen” as
, have a desire fur travel, but is not willing
to use any less gentle means of ridding j
~ the country of a vagabond population.
The Wisconsin Senator, we apprehend. !
j would not be willing to exteud his!
system of voluntary colonization to other j
, persons than the colored race. Why j
. should not white men who desire to emi-1
grate to Australia or to Africa, be provi
ded with a passage at government expense,
as well as the black mas ? If net, we
submit that “our colored brethren,” un
der Mr. Doolittc’s system of noa-comp d
. hive colonization, wi.l be invested with the
L elder brother’s rights, and poor white men, 1
, instead of sharing his privileges, will have
to work ext.a hours to enable the homc
. sick African to have a lazy Trie passage to
. borne tropical climate.— N. V. Alias.
* At the battle of AusterliU the Russians
‘ 10.-t oti per cent, and the Austri ms 4 , n r
cent of thvir army. fh<* French 14 p* r
■ cent ; at Wngram the Austrians lost 14
p. r cent., the French l-: at Wat. r.o ihe
Allies i-’l percent., tlie French *jh ;at tae
battle of Magenta the Austrian-* 1< Et 8 per
cent., the French only ~ c ut, (
Mr Ada .* V;.-iT TO Plßlg. Tb<
Pah. rurnxjHiuiltnt of the Albany Even
ing Ji/t uul tuua explains the vUit of Mr.
Atlanij t'k P :
, “Mon rv>ar|rc Frincis A lams, United
. States Minister to England, arrived in
Prison Saturdr.j last. (April 5.) and U
atili sojoiir diijj in ll ;> rajbal. The ob
ject of Mr Ada t-s* visit ha* not bcenj
stated, but fr'Ui the fact that ho has had j
MVcf;.i coiiiv retires wih Mr. I• ay ton and;
Mr. Weed. it may reasonably b? nppoMC
n* be connected with the pul lie business
l ilt- extraordinary sensation or. ated by th<
inve: tjon of the Monitor, and the eager* ;
ness with w!.ih the g> vernnents of Eu
rope have applied themselves to the ex
am inatious of the subject, would seem la
render it expeduu: for oar agents abroad *
to compare nuUs and exchange ideas, in
I order that the Depm Uncut of Slate may
he promptly and accurately advised of all
that is going forward.”
Maryland Freed. —They have had a
grand ball lately Id Richmond, according
to female secession authority in Baltimore,
at which Miss Hetty Carry, one of the
pretty daughter aof Mr. Wilson Carey, a
prominent secessionist, teacher of fh-*t
city, figured most conspicuously. The 1
story goes that she appeared at the ball I
1 Urease*l as a captive slave, with her hands
■■tied at the wrists, and bearing the shield -
*of Maryland on her bosom, indicating
thereby the chains by which that State is
'kept in the I nion. Jeff. Davis enure for- •
. ward during the evening and released her i
j manat ied hands, by untying the cords !
. that bound her wrists, and thus, in the }
person of the lovely Miss Hetty o*rtfy. j
j treed Maryland from her bondage to the '
I’nion power, amid t!e stormy applause
ot the company. Mi-s Carey ami one of
her sisters are earning a iivelilo o 1 as 1
eleiks mi the Cor.federate Administration,
ihis event has created the most intense
delight and sympathy iu the upper crust
of secessiondom.
OKEsS.—The negro agitation has badly be
gun iu Congress. The radicals have de
termined to change the Fugitive Slave
Law so as to give fugitives a trial by jury
in the precinct to which they escape. This,
of course, will render the law of little
value to l ive-nwers. They have also de
termined to rccogniz-* Hayti as a Power,
and recievo ambassadors therefrom lure,
i h y prop-, sc also to rep- al the “black
code,” so-called, of h- District of Colum
uia, and will nliempt to legalize voting in
the l>istrict by six months naidents.
These arc a few of the measures which
the radical party in Congress, who feel re
markably strong just now, will insist
upon, and as the session proceeds they
will open the black Pandora’s box as wide
as p- sidblc. Mcanvvhi e the soldiers of
the army are wondering r.s they fight why
Fongr<ss docs not attend more closely to
the financial interests, and let slavery
alciio until the rebellion is ended.— IK/r.
A. } JlernUL
Advantages of Kiki.y Vaccination
The annual report of the Vaccine Com- i
mittee was read at a recent inciting of;
‘he French Academy, in which the ijucs- j
tion of early vaccinali >u was fully discus- i
s- d. M. Dcpaul, (lie reporter, states i
mul in ••pile of the oppos.tiou raised to
I ho aa-i mr. tion ot new-born chi! Iren
llic n searches of the committee lend to
-how that litis operation is not more dan
gerous in very early lib- than at the see
•mi or lliir J month. In private practice,
wh re ilie chances ot variob>us infection 1
arc much less than in the wards of an
hospital, vaccination may, as a "cncral
:-ule, be delayed; hut in the latter came such I
delays are dangerous, for, from one hour '
i.o another, eases of small-pox may be ad
mitted. “It all children,” continues M.
Dcpaul, “were vaccinated within the first
two or three days after birth, smallpox '•
already rare now in comparison with
what it whs formerly, would, wc arc con
vinced, completely disappear” This is
an important subject for investigation by
American physicians. J
Tuk Largest City— A very erroneous
idea is indulged in by many people in re-■
lation to the largest eiry in rhe w. r d
many confidently assorting that London is
lar superior both m size and number of
inhabitants. But such is not thfc case.
Jcddo, the capital of Japan, is, without
exception, the largest and most populous
city in the world. r
1 he commerce of Japan far exceeds that
; of an >' oth ?r city in the world, and the
sea along its coast is constantly while with
(the sails of ships “Th* ir vessels sail to
the southern portion of the empire where
i th ‘7 arc la ; lene( l with rice, tea, seacoal
tobacco si.k cotton, and tropical fruits’,
all of which find u ready market in the
north, and then return freighted woL
earn, salt, oil, Dinglas#, and various other
productions of the north, which have a
market iu the south,”
Weight or Cannon. A navy 04
pounder weighs 184 times as much as one
ot us shot. The English wrought-irou
! 13*inch gnu, of Horsfall’s, is 17u times
(heavier than its shot. Thu Rodman 15-
ir ch gun weighs 120 times more than its
j shell, and 114 times more than its solid
i The projectiles fired by the
|hr were 11-iuch shells, with a small cavi
-1 O and very thick wails, weighing lt> ( J
Its., and WJ of them weighed as much
as the gun. It is laid down as a general
rule that a cannon should be at least 100
times heavier than its shot.
Tlit Door Whites —The Detroit Free
I rtfs says: “As the Abolitionists begin
to *alk of the employment of the masters
hv the slaves, and the reprmentation of
constituencies in Congress by niggers
we suggest that the black people f oru ;
benevolent associations Mr the benefit of
white race. The po’itital suffering's
of the latter cla-s are U ginning to be un
eu*iuia;de. They arc utterly nnrepre
scint-u i.i i\mgress, and are now subject
to In** li pethelical good of the slaves ”
* rot Hr I’ssike let somebody do *omu
thinc fir whit? trier.” —Juliana Elute
i .b< nil net.
TurFrGirrvF Slave Law Vjrttalt.t
IvLiLALEP tm Mabti.wp —Tho Washing
(on corn*; pondwt of flie New Y’ork Ex
! |>res<, in remrkm npcn tho iff *ct
duced 3lAT>laiiti by the Kruancip*.
, turn - I
bj*Tnotiu*a the indisputable (act,
ihu i*'*: gd ..f the US virtually extends
nil its piuvUiou. lo tbj frsillier of siuth
ern coimlhs it. Maryland, and that, so
far a.s these count ir* am
bill virtually repeals Un: fugitive slave law,
as no slaves from Maryland, csoaping to
Sue DUtrict, arc per milted by the Milita
ry authorities of the District to be ro*
Plain Talk.—VAtiANnioirnf. oq
Thursday last, iu the Hqusc of Keprrocn
titivea, pronounced Benjamin F. Wadi, a
liar, a scoundrel and a coward.
ill amt 6.
In Baltimore city, on Turtday the 22r.d
> ult . by (he Rev. Father Foley, Dr. J
| GOrtill, both of thi county.
On the 2-lfb ult., at the ArclibisHbn’s by
same, N Lit NON DOIISKI, of Baltimore
i city, to KATE, eldest daughter, of S. J.
CWigiu, Esj , of this county.
On the 2*th, by theTL-v. Mr. Modem,
OnThewdny last, after a brief illncitii,
Mrs. Ann Combs, consort of Win. A.
Combs, in the ;> 4r h _y*ar of her age. M
VS. | fitting as 1 JL~t, ...'. *,f
LloUc Smith. fco j lv(ui:\, March Term,
ORDL.IED by tho Court, ?Ms 21.4
day of Aj r'!, 1‘ : 12. that l!tt afutvgo
ing report murk iv and and filed the
11 til of April. 1 *f>2. b* and tin? suin'* is
hereby ratified and (rt>ntinned. uu'c.-s cvum)
to the contrary shown fu nr before tlio
>rl Monday in JauiMiixt, provided a
™py of tliis order be
St. Mary s Beacon onee in rarh of f!ire<
sueces-sivo Its before the said firi
Monday of Juno mxt.
Special Judge
True copy.
j m Cl.rk.
May lt, 1802—3 w.
NOTICE i. hereby given that the subscriber
has ohlaineU Crum the Orphan* Court
of ht. Mary's county in Msrylatd.
letter, of adininiMtrntiwn on ilie |<rrs'tl
aiaie f GEORGE PEAKE, l:e <•
Mid county, deceased. All prisons ii.*m{
chum. against the .aid deceased are hereby
warned to exhibit the same a ith the piu,>er
vouches thereof, to tlie subscriber, on >r lainre
tlie slh day o| \ o v., iMiIJ, other wine they may
| l>f> e *‘duded by law from all liencfn of the srd
estate Given under uy hand tins Ist day
ol May, l6go.
.. Administrator.
May Ist ISG2—4w.
NOPICEih hereby iven ihnt the subscri
ber hit. obtained from the Orphan. *
| Court of Si. Mary county in Maryland, iv>*
t( \ l “ °f administration on the personal estate
iof Ann P. I ait li rum, late of ail c u ty, J r *
< eased. All persons having claims against the
Kstd .creased, are hereby wnrned in exhibit the
1-;*me.with ll proper vouches thereof, to the
'*l wn !r,^er OU ° f th. ath ul .NuiiUiUr,
i | ®’! otherwise iln-y may lie excluded hy
’ * aw ,rol “ all henelit of the said estate, iiiveii
under my hand this lac day of. May, l*t*2
1 Administrator.
| ‘May Ist ly62—4v'.
. ——
ICE is hereby given that the subscriber
haa obtained from the Orphan. C’mirt for
if*'" 1 Mary’, county, m Maryland, biter*
j .es'Uutociry, vv. a. on the personal eiie*ol
i hnnia. LyncL, ate of said co,, deceased. AH
persona having claims ngMniH'.jtitt* smJ ilecenwd,
, -ire iiereby warned to exhibit the same, with
ilie proper vouches thereof, to the suberit>er.
mi or b<lore the ath of Not., IfrdW, otherwi.#
they may Le excluded by Gw from ah benefit of J
tlie said tsinie. Given under my hand thii A
l*t day of Muy, lrt&>.
i May Ist
A large supply oi iio.r.mJ Duck. Tcn'-
ttnlti.iy i’mida, aC. jul received
for sale by

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