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St. Mary's gazette. (Leonard Town, Md.) 1863-1867, March 03, 1864, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89060120/1864-03-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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: —$2.oopwr- |
mfM , (• be paid within tax maths. No '
fubfwription will be rewired for a short- i j
m period than six months, and no paper 1
W Won tinned until all arrearages are <
paid except at the option of the puldiah- i
* -4
Terms or Aovbktumso. —$1 p* r
pomare for the hrst insertion, awl 2ft
at*, for every subsequent iimcrtum.—
Right lines or less constitute a square.—
If the number of insertions be n<* marked
an the advertisement. it will be publish
ed until forbid, and charged accordingly*
A liberal deduction made to tnose who
advetiba I t the vnr.
ratfUS Institution ia situated in Leonard
A Town, St. Mary * Comity, Md. and is i
■or open f*r the reception ol pupils.
The course of this Institution embrace* all
the branches generally lansht in Academies. j
A semi annual rej*.rt will e transmitted
10 Parents and Guardians.
* A conveyance will always he in readiness
in take to their own church, the young lad it*
ef different denominations.
Pupils must come provided with table nap- j
kins and t-wcl*.
Terms, jor session, of ten months,
lor board, washing, light, fnel, kc SIOO.OO I
English; *-‘(* 0h |
French; j
Spanish; 20.00
German; 20.00
Murk—Piano or Guitar, with use of
instrument; 42 00 j
Drawing and water painting, each, 12 001
CHI painting; 20.00,
All books and stationery at the usual
Payable, quarterir, in advance.
The regular Aeodemic year will commence ,
an the Ist Monday after the With of Septero- J
hr and terminate the laat Thursday Indore !
i' * 16th of .Inly.
Pnr further information apply to the prit- i
rtple, at Leonard T ovn.
Feb. 10th, 1863—1 f.
*IMIE Copartnership h r*-t< f*re exiatinc l*e
* tween Win. F. Leach and G. 1,, .laiin
eon, under the linn and style of A* j
Johnson, was dissolved on the loth • I Octo- !
1 er. iihl., h\ tniniiMl consent. Either partner j
is authorized to settle the hn-iness of the I
late tmi Persons indebted to ns are hereby j
Urgently requeued to rail and Mllle thi-ir
claims without delay.
\vm. r. i.eagii.
October 16th, IR6?—if. r
11 AN ING pun laiMtl the Mok *f joirlii 01-;
A" .he late linn ol I .cadi & Johnson. 1
►hall continue business at the old stand, but ;
►hall. l.er alter, k*ll f*r ( ASH only. I shall
rtt.ru fiotn Baltimore city in a few* days j
with a line assortment of KALI, and WIN-J
THK (i(M)!>S, and shall L • glad to see tin*:
)4tln-ns of the 4d hi in. and the public grnt r-1
ally, when they desire anything in my line .
I have adopted tin GASH system that 1 may (
buy lower and sell eliea|tcr, which mtut prove
mutually bei.cticial to mvsctl and customers. I
Ihatl ot St. Clement’* Pay.
Ctrl* 1 1 r 15th, <8 U—if.
Wholesale and Retail.
roftxr.BaK Pratt ani Kblukricr tTßicrra, ’
No. 44 j 1
IT !■ a well known and thoroughly eslah- , i
liohed fact, that Charles Kaulman tnanu- 1
fact urea the heal clothing—either t onhr or * |
rcmly made—of any extaWid.inent in tliiw <
city, lr tin; smallest amount of money. Hi*
frit nds and the public as'e invited to tall and j
►ee him. He will sell great barmans to hit | I
tiienus in St. kiarv’s CVnntv.
Oct. Bth, IPt.s— :u5. <
———Tir-nfaji l .. 1
NO ! ICE. i
. —— 'I
THK undersigned wUh In inform the • (
tople of Saint Mary’s and adjourn- |
"tug co ties, that they have inst completed
prepa dto haul out vessel* of any size,
and % iIUKI'AIK, CAILK. Ac., on th
nitot reasonable terms. Prompt attention
to all wort, and quick dispatch will be given
in all cases. The Kail way is situate*! ahiut
a quarter of a mile from LoiiarJ Town on
a jure oyster onvk. whore we will also
bmhl SGOWS. If OATS. or VKSBELB, if
required, ra the lowest terms i
Ji / iLi I Fbo—tf.
. i
NOTICE IS hereby srirentlial the mm*ertlier
has obmitMt! (Vnw r|e Orphans tjourt of I
•Scum Mary’s enmity, hi Maryland,*e: ten* of
•<l>uiiiitriioM,on the personal estate of Allen '
liarzens, late *f s.u.l ro., All
pernons having chtiuik agaiust the said deceased
are hereby warned to exhibit die name, w ith the
proper vouchea ihrreof, t the xMbscriber •*■
oetore the 4>h Of Ane. JfSM,otherwise they
may Ur exriudc*d hy bw from all benefit ef the
said ealnle. Oil rn under aty liand lids 4'h
day of Kricruary I
S*me,4U. mi-iL t
NOTICE is hereby fires that the suhseri*
her ha* obtained front ihe Otphan’s
Court of St. Mary’s county in Maryland, let ;
Urn if adininioiralion en .the peraowai estate
ol Lritiatoiia l!iscn, late of said rouniy, do.
fmtifd. All peraann lotvingclntnis against the
raid de<*ra**-J. at ♦ hereby warned to exhibit the '
same with die proper omrhr* thereof, to the ■
sib*criler on ot lHre she 4th day of A
JSG4, otherwise they may e excluded by
law’ benef tof the estate. Given 1
amler my hand this 4th day of February,
* Admiautrator.
February 4th, If€4—4w.
| mmms*
A LI, p* tmj is indci-l' U to tbu late fitm n f
it’ ,io| it-on are hereby l.oliliei).
that, unless they come forward and aetth
theii irdebled-.es* ow or l-cfore tbe Ii day of
M nr - h next, they may ex per? tlojr claims
j tu he placed in the hatals < f ollicera fr col- 1
[ lectio*.
W.v. F. I.RATH,
* C. L. JOHN?ON,
Ft hr nary 4lh, 18t4—if.
! sots' iawAßji.
BIiOKK JA Hi. ot* Suaday night last, two
i.egr. men who were c i.Cned thers
| criminals— -clmrgeil with the stealing of a
( horse and earl belonging t 1 c *>t le of the
Stale George G. Mrgv. and with mtieing
: awu> a fegro woman and children belonging j
j o®id *state. One oj these i.egrnea i* named
( Tmn and belong* to Ir. Henry A. Ford, ol \
| Leonard loan I'isttici. lie ia about 5!4
j years of age, sil.t<r *ix feet, one or two iaches
1 in height. Well built, of black color and Weighs
inbuilt luff pounds. He has a dch rnted or
| inrperfect thumb on his nb' hand. His
1 dre.-t i* not rt-inemhercd. Tbe other m gr*i
j came here with :!• military. and calls tnnisaif I
' Randolph Tayler. I!e i* ala. iTTlve feet, ten
' inches in height, well built :iud *f d nk rhrMiiit
(color. lie i> quite iikelv and it telligeut and
) will prol r.bly
not remetu*ered. He cUima lobe a naive
of the State *f Maine. I will give the above
reward f r tbe at rest and delivery to me of
the above named parties, r half tha amount
: for tbe apprehension and delivery f either.
Pim.ll* 11. DOUSKY.
Sherill of St. .Mary’s County.
I Jan. 38th, 1864—liu.
IV A5 rlohn font the niUrriler, livirg
’ v* near I pjer Maril r*ngh. I’rinee
• (ItorgeV G tmv. Marx land, on the night f
the IS'h of .L.nuarv. ISC4, a HLACK
HORSE. He hat* a while spot jn the face; a
v*ry drooping rnarp; the hair n tlie upper
part of the tail i.- very much rnhWd, and is at
thii time very short, is a natural pacer.
I will give the above reward for the return
of the horse to me. and a*k we que-li m; and
; 1 will give the Main* amount f>r any iotor.n)*-
ti< that will leatj to id* recovers*
Am. 38*, 1864—tw
Lieutenant Ouhnid Fremantle, an Kng- l
lUb ofTicer, who spent three mouths in the.
South last year, lias published a very rea
dable book nf his travels through that tee
th n. in which he giver spirited pen-and-ink
sketches of the n os I noted of the >S>uthern
h-aderr. We reproduce such of there ns
have in t heretofore been published by our
Gkxeral Josffii K. |Johmton,
in appearance, is rather below the middle
bight, sjarc. soldier like and well wt up;’
l.ia features aro good; and he has lately!
taken to wear a grayish heard, fie is a
Virginian hy bitih and 57 years old. Tie
talks in a calm, deliberate and confident,
inannr r; to me h<* was extremely affable, t
but he certainly possesses the power of'
keeping people %t dutanoe when he j
chooses, and his officers evidently stand in
great awe ufhiui. *
He has undoubtedly acquired the entire i
confidence of all the officrni and ruddier*
under him. Many of the officers told me
lhy did not consider him Inferior to Lee'
or any one else. General Johnston is a'
very well read man, and agrevh'e to con- 1
verse wi’h. Hr .told me that he eoosid>*red
Marlborough a greater gene ral than Wel
liiignm* All Americans have an intense
adu.iraiiun for Napoleon; they st ldou scru- 1
C’e tu txpress their ngret that he was
•ateo at Water 100.
Roatarking up-u the extreme prevalence
of military titles G. rural Johnston said. •
‘‘kou must he artunish*d to find hw fond
all Americans atre uf title*, though they;
are flapuldieam; and as they can’t get any :
other s*h4 liny all take military cues.”
While seated oiouidf the ettup flu* BO off
• I
wrciiwrkwl to me, “lean assure you,
Colonel, that time men oat of tea in the
South would sooner become subject* of
Queen Victoria than return to the Union.”
‘ Nine men out of ten !** said Gueral
Johnston; “ninety-nine oat of n hundred;
I consider that few people in the world ana
be more fortunate in th* ir Government than I
the British Colonics of North America.” I
General Johnt< t*4J me that the pnn- *
eipal evils a Cunfedmtc General had to!
contend against consisted in the difficulty •
I of ULXhMMffiffii
c<-rt.*uiiy n
would take to march a certain diatThiiWPl
! account of lh ir straggling propensities.—
i Us told me he had been wounded ten times 1
Speaking of Stonewall Jackson, he said |
1 that although be did not possess any great ■
qualifications as a strategist, and was per- j
hap* unfit for the independent command of,
a large army, yet he wa* gifted with won- j
derful courage and determination, and a
i perfect faith io I’roridence that lie was
de&tiiied to destroy the enemy. He was
much indebted to General Kwcll in the
j campaign* iu the Virginia Valley, and was
i fortunate iu commanding the flower of the
| Virginia troops and being opposed to the
; most incapable Federal commanders, such
: a* Fremont and Banks.”
Li ki t. Gen. Leonidas Polk.
ii* a good looking, gentlemanlike man,
wiib all the manners* and affability of a
! ‘ grand seigneur ” Uc ia fifty years old
} tall, upright, and looks more like a soldier
than u clergyman, lie ia very rich, and
J owns, IHu told, 70U negroes. lie I
much belavcd by the soldiers on account of
hia great personal courage and agreeable
manners, lie told me he was educated at
■ West Point, and was at that institution
i with President Davis, the two Johnstons.
' L’C, Magruder, Ac., and that after serving
a sl)'*rt lime in the artillery he had entered
• (be church.
Ttu Battles or Sutton and Mißratcxs-
General Cheatham, who w*s in the bat
tles of Belmont, Shiloh and Murfrecsbor
ough. is described Ms r rough looking
man,’ but ha*(he reputation of agreat figh-
I ter. It i .-arid that he does all the swear
: ing in ct-Hsary iu his corps, and which
! Polk’s clerical character incapacitate* him
' from doing. The battles of Shiloh and
Murfrecstaroiigb were explained to Uic hr
General Folk
! He d<timed that the Confederates had
only 30,000 troops at Murfrcesborough,
including Breckinridge’* division, which
was not engaged on the first day. He put
' the Confederate loss at leu thousand and
j the Federal loss at nineteen thousand.—
j With regard to the tattle of Shiloh, be
>a:d that Beauregard's order to retire was
; unfortunate, as th;; gunboats were doing
j no ual harm, and if the Confederates had
heid on, nothing could have saved the
Federal army from capture or destruction
; The misfortune of Albert Sidney Jnhn
t - v bu*s death, together with the faet of
Bt-aungard’* illness. and his not being
present at that particular spot, were the
causes cf luis tattle not being a complete
! and crushing victory."
Colonel Leuvr G rkknflll.
F.vcr since I landed in America, I had
i beard of the exploit* of an Englishman
i Colonel St. L g. r Greenfell. who
lis now lo>prctor General of Cavalry to
i Bragg’s army. This, afternoon I made
j his acquaintance, and I consider him one
of the moat xtraoruinary chnraetcra I
r\*r met. Although he is a member of a
I well-known English family, he seems to
have devoted hi.* whole life t© the exci
ting career of a soldier of fortune.
He told me that in early life he had
airved three years in a French lancer
regiment, and had risen from n private to 1
ta a sows-lieutenant. He afterward be
came a consular agent at Tangier, under
old Mr. Drummond Hay. Having ac-'
quired a perfect knowledge of Arable, he
i entered the,*rvice of Abd-el-Kader. and
under that renowned chief he fought the
’ French for four years and a half Al
another time of his life be fitted out a
yacht, and carried eu a private war with the
Biff pirates. He was Brigade Major in
i the 1 amish contingent during the Cri
i mean war, and had some employment in
the Indian mutiny. 3
He had also been engaged in war in
Bueno. Ayers and the South American
, Bepublics. At an early period of (he pre
; sent troubles he ran the blockade and
joined the Confederates. He was Adju
tant General and right-hand man to the
celebrated John Morgan for eight months.
Even in this army, which abounds will,
foolhardy and desperate characters, he has
acquired the admiration of all ranks by j
his reckless daring aiui gallantry iu
Both Gcneral> Polk and Bragg spoke to ;
me of him as a most excellent and useful
officer, besides U ing a man who never
tart aw opportunity u f trying to throw his*
. ■*”* away, lie is just the Hrt of man Io;
, *‘ u^CCl in this army, and among th sol-!
j lu * u fr bravery baa outweighed;
;oi unpopularity as a rigid disciplinarian
*He ts the terror of .11 absentees, .trww
g’ers and dvsertr;' and ©f all command- 5
1 .i
unable •j produce j <
f f r “• the warn tar of horses,
! b 7 brier for. He
but iw reality bun!
" bTI-L
”* T jHpft Hm. very wiry and
but his eye* have a
wild. rodttgtmA. which is common among
ibo ArahCW%Aw he came tome he was
* f,ff <*•*.
gad e*valry-fWgc cap, which
txw, he sdwtays
j Ror*wJofcn Morgan, wboae marriage he 1
S kad tried tu avert, and of whch ha spoke]
| with much sorrow He declared that!
I Morgan was enervated hy matrimony, and \
j would never be the wime man as lie was. I
i He said that in one of the celebrated tele- *
jfrsph tapping* in Kentucky. Morgan, the*
operator, and himself were seated for
twelve hours on a clay bank during a vio-1
1 storm, bat the interest was so intense 1
| that the time passed like three hours.
Major Gknkual Patrice Clkblrm.
I was entertained by Major General Pa-1
; trick Cleburne, who gave me his history |
| He is the son of a doctor at or near Baltin
< Cidsg. He ran away from home at seven
| teen and enlisted iu Her Majesty's Forty
! first regiment of f*nt, in which he served
three yuan as private and corporal. Buy
ing his discharge, he emigrated to Aikao
' ** At the outbreak of the war he was
> olected captain of his company, then colo
;! r,cl > nr regiment, and has since, by his j
‘j distinguished services in all ihe Western
j campaigns, been appointed to the command
i * division—the highest military rank |
j attained by a foreigner in the Confederate
; sertke. He told me he ascribed his ad
; T Ai*ccmat mainly to Ibe uieful lesson be
bad learned in the rauks of the British
army. Ha .is now Bft rears of age. but bin
hair having turned gray he looks older
Generals Bragg and Hardee both spoke to
me iu term* of the highest praise, aud said
! “that he had risen entirely on his own
I merits,”
Hon. J. P. Benjamin.
He is a stout dapper little man, evideot
; lj f Hebrew extraction and of undoubted
talent, lie is a Louisianian, and was
Senator for tbat State in the old United
State CoLgrem, and I believe he is account
ed a very clever lawyer and a brilliant
orator. He told me tbat he had filled the
; onerous post of Secretary of War during
| the first seven months of the Secession, and
| I can easily believe that he found it no
; sinecure. We eonversed f;*r a l.ng time
I a ]x*t the origin, which he indignantly de
! nkd was brught about, as the Yankees
i j assert, by the interested machinations of
i individuals. He declared (hat, for the
last ten years, the Southern Statesmen had
openly declared iu Congress what would
take place; but the Northerners never
would believe they were iu earnest, and bad
often replied by the taunt.” “The South
was so bound to. and dependent on the
: Nor! It, that die couldn't it kicked out of the
Ui •..*” J
He said that the Southern armies had al
way<* been imuieoseh outnumbered in all
! tliear bail lee, and that until recently Gen
j eral Lee could ucwr muster more than lk),-
000 efft clive men.
Mr. Bciij.inin told me tbat bis property
bad lately been confiscated io New Or
leans, and that his two sisters bad been
turned, neck and crop, into tb streets;
'there, wih only one trunk, which they;
| tad been forced to carry themselves. Eve- ;
: ry one was afraid to give them shelter, ex
oepl an English woman, who protected
them until they could get out of the city.
Talking of the just admiration which
; tho English newspaper* accorded to Stone- ;
wall Jackson, he expressed, however, his
astoiih-hiueut that they should have praised
! *o highly his strategic skill iu out- ntsneu- I
| '‘ring pope at Manassas, and Hooker at t
Lb inuellorsville, totally ignoring that in 1
btrth ca*4.*s the movements were planned j
and ordered by Geu. Lee. for whom (Mr. !
Benjamin *aid) Jackson had the most 1
Mr. Bvniauiio complained of Mr. Hus-1
sell o! the Times for holding him up tu |
fame a* a “gambler"—a story which he
understood Mr Russell had learned from 1
Mr. Charles Sumner at Washington. But j
even supposing that this was really the '
case. Mr. Benjamin was of opinion that :
such a revelation of hi private life was iu !
extremely bad taste, after Mr. iiu>ell had j
partaken of his {Mr. iiuspi
taiity at Montgomery.
We expressed lb* opinio* * few day*!
| ago that the external pressure of our the
! policy io regard to the ends for
I the war should he prosecuted was
one of tins strongest bonds of the iusurrec
i tending ns that p*licy does to |*reserve
, U from dimmegrathm and dissulutiou under
| ***• ••finance of cnuns which, if left to
i I* o ****®® their natural effect, would speed;-
.ly disclose the internal weak newt of the!
I revolt, whether regard be had to the dtaur
g*n>nin~ p* litical doctriup U aceesskiu. on I
|whrh it is ba*.d, or the Material rc
sotHwra which Ihe Sooth efts bring to its
support. I
The theory of secession ia little other
than organic weakn*s reduced t. system,
but what thit system lacks in the way of
onheeive power wo hav supplityl by the
way of external compression, in tho shape :
of threntsning proclamations, coofi*eation I
aetr, and other disabling atatutiw. aimed i
•* tho people of tho Sooth, when we should
oaw* directed all our efforts to the single
ewd of suppressing the military power in
whiob the insurreotMu Hves xod motes and
r a WW**.S*e agfc***tg.a>. <pUh>g
to our material or moral resources, these
| denunciatory pr-wlam tioa* and clatarate
* penal liabilities have so solidified am} uni- >
’ ted th* Southern people that to-day they are
; seen willing to endure at the band* of the j
* usurping authorities iu Richmond an '
; steount and variety of oppress* which
6er . t< ! illustrate in the most signal and
J striking manner the sincerity of the fears
1 inspired uut/my the S>mthrrn pt-ofdf by what
they understand to be the intcnriiMia of our
1 Goveiomont in proseeuting the war Who
j believes that the )teop!t would consent to
j make, and continue io make, such sacrifices
of life and property and liberty in oupport
of the rebellion if they believed they had
any thing to gain by returning to tln-tr ;
allegiance? And who dors not perceive !
that any plicy on onr part which visibly
temls to pnrtect the theory of s-cosion
from if* inherent weakness is the very
“error of the moon.”
We have been reminded of this deplora
j ble infatuation by the perusal of a pam
! phlrt recently addressed to the people of
j Alabama by (ho How. D. C Humphreys,
I a citisen of that State, well known to'us
for the seal with which be resisted (he
schemes of I lie Southern anarchs when they
1 plotted the dismemberment of the Union,
i and carried ttair schemes into effec*. by
! “precipitating the Smith into revolution.”
j Me extract from the pamphlet the following
I paragraphs:
* Had the people been consulted delib
erately. up4in the change bought to be made,
we would not now behold a prostrate coun
try. One-half the population of the South
j have looked upon the new Government a*
j a usurpation, and still view it in that lieht.
The conditi *n of the country is a niclan
| choly evidence of the instability of power,
i gained hy violating principle. Usurped
1 power may reign to a period, but it is ail
j the white in doubt: more especially where
1 the rights of the great mass are * | at
j nought. If any semiso of the old United
I States shall ever succeed in sotting up an
'independent Power the movement must be
based upon the will of the (Masse*. Let
ambition be hereafter warned not to rush
i madly upon cbang<-s. Let the past be re
viewed, and the error is evident. But the
present needs no philosophizing. The
I condition of the country is open to the view
j of H nd to the comprehension of any
■ i What is to be done ? or what ran be done ?
j are the interrogatories propounded by all.
j We know wlnt is needed, but we do not
,see the way to arrive at the desired tad
The result we seek is civil authority, re
j stored constitutional liberty, and organised
J security. Did this country evci posttess
the blessings of good Government ! Lt
us see. We had power to resist invasion
front without; we bad protection at home.
I The Southern Stales proluc l in
abundance rice, sugar, cotton, tobacco, and
; hemp. The Northern Slates prodoc-d iu 1
j like abundance when*, corn, oats, barley,
clover, timothy, and ihe live slock sufficient :
to supply tbe demands of the whole Tho
whole country had its commerce. The
Southern Slates exported cotton, rice,
Migsr, and toUu'i'i, Jhe while abounded in t
mine* of the richest character. The whole
{ had grown rich together, lint what was the i
; condition of (he South 7 S.c wa rich
j Together with the N .rih, die not only had the
nocessarUs but die p*w*ed the luxuries and
j of hie. T:ie- was u<t j*.rt |, Mt
our vesiwl. entered. liur step Is* arpr,. ex .
i change*! f r die inauulai tiireii good* of Kng
land, Io? (he silks and wiussof Hie French 1
j lor the furs ol Russia, and f.. r tlie spices of
; India. So abundant were our emits, uj
i great were ihe iaciliiic* ,f traiispariattun cx
i |s.rUlion. and importation, thwt all we ha’} to
| concern ab uc was to produce the
raw material, and all other lidugs w.-re brou^.t
lln 7L A \ s'**'*' MTilmiiigion, i
Charleston, tavanna!., Pcmucula. M.mile, New
Orleans, and Gaivcsto ; the wnarves were
crowded with ins of all uatioo*. briux-
I mg the products of other climes to oe denosil- •
j* ,h ** ad thence di,tritatad al' !
i over and through the cmalry. Mechanical,
mdmiry was not w.tlmut iu reward in the
)boulh. A lew yean* ol govern ..eat wouh]'
tave opened up m the h-.mfa mines of lrwU
ore beds ol ooa., u. Lave imrease,} her wealth
j f** prosperity, .V* a , w#
Uw, order. sj*temaiu.-.} gmrrrumcnt, security
i lor i-aram. repuuimu. ami pru|wrty. bclmoi
i * n,j c ‘ H ‘ e S r * 'Uiisucd. ffmeucu was lew ling
i !r 10 .j:
iUUouol toe count, y. If the mlvantagcs and
and |w.V,| -m aiM | Kruritie , .
mcfoi, d ousuusn. g d . n9n ,n*M, Khw we
uucx: bau U Wl ., M Ut
Inal has been that there was danger
o e ir Un*t many in.iu
knyj that lurngmsd evih won id irsuit from
. toniinuiug the political cmiMfcliou with tae
' r ‘* , Uur trei.glh tu ITubm j
-fc.vrr Hi.ce the praycted tiie ad-*'
miuwrainm M atlmr. in h* !i.arttam
h ~ J* 8 * *** •triciujj ,0 farm . mmm, •
* aihwnrc ailh En*jUiH ami Fr.u^.-i
I *** ,,lJU ri' if ‘* e ***d sljos tbe States t(art i
w.*w rraHr >.btwd h i ther iu Hw> g. ►,,(.
Mifrnm.i.l ♦’• tM* Cit Di.-r of people every
il then- u w im!. m or MMindponer inwrara.
J*" |,u ; ***■ and ihwrwjdT ,i*.
ooiimry UMfor i) r*<c*llnw f , gSJE-?
V*in f an wHha* *i„f*
*,** WMJa* it miWMtan *J*
1 A. W*. .be HkM rSnStIT £
■ *km lied, the &sith never vw at the umw--l"* l "
• '*• *-f- J f -
Mcy UO tflf part wbiek “-*>— it
diQK'uit to awwtr tbin latter miration trHti.xit
f u * r iITSvuJTtI!
tno wukoditvni of I lie insurant hwde: a u a *
wlik.li pro to*., *nd abet* ,(,* tat-
: le /' , wh l i ! r rt 'Lscouragea nihJ ie|iel rbe *t|*
IV! tin* I Ulon lu the South. tu<m Ukr Mr
. H utr.plirevs ar net afraid to Uu Um% v.-ices*
I 1 " ~Ucncc,* f ~,° ‘-'’ai.H,. but who. lmD the
; i|K|M-r ami miner milUto,,e of the Mv.,lu
,t. M,ary avowal at the Kuril, and at
tbc South, ran only watch ami wait tilt the
m ; uui ut ronlliditig pasmis general*) hr tin,
|rin-iixy of wae Khuij Imve *|*mt Us ibrce.
•* ii'i<mill /hS-'UiUi luxr,
f Frum *** X'Mphit ( Atlanta) Apfmtr.]
L } l *** lb remark of Justice Campbell,
late of the Supreme I'nited Slates (Tourt,
in an address delivered some years since
j before the Soeiitii-a of the Lniveruity f
Georgia that the organic diff-rencc be.
iwern unman and American civilizntioa
I*" ,h t ir . JW * rcfs uf I:,w aa l liberty, j n the
fiist being the stifzearion of (ho camp,
ami the last, the Miggention of home; that
I lLe.nii.sMuo of the firn being cm
j pine liberty and law were bat ilu modifo
; cr.tioo, of military rule, the radtalii.iM and
,r< taxations of a j*liny, from its very ob
jects. necessarily central. arbitrary auto-
I era tic, conventional; while migration, vol
untary and unforced colonization being the
| law of civil and social < xpinshm to Ameri
| cat. government was th- stigt; ation of \ u .
d vidun! liberty, and ctostared only of the
I self impowl r- s'raiuia neceastry to r>*g*-
jlate and* provide f. r the har,m. v of social
j 111**; ~J4t was th** i*.g of gov
. eminent, to the first, while government.
,to the first, while government was the offl
spring of society, to the last; and that i*
these organic differences ooimislrd the lo
gical differences between Roman and
! Ameiieaa govcrinuoat. H onan and Aiuer
: lean liberty.
No doubt much of the liberty, personal
j and social, which has given character to
i government in Ameiict, is o bo attributed
to the taw of race, as well as to the ac
; cident of onditi m, having origin in thu
, fii’st Teutonic migrations m the colonixa
■ liana in Kngl.md, and sacredly ciicrialied
ami 1 all the of tb ir history.
| ”; w against the feudal invasions of
; Norman military rule and Jta d velop
menta of political exiciiun, than against
I the encroachments of K nnnn taw. ccelcsi
: aMical and civil, upon thos ■nciei.lifmdi-
J tonal rights of the pram or individual
ktluwiL as the common | (W Wh ilws r
the origin of the principle, tho antithetic
fact exists; and wh .n ver fervi I d. etaairn
jmay announce in the way of analogy be
tifccu Run to and A o a rtcin liberty*, it i
j but the auggesliou of illogical rhetoric;
there lieiug ju-,1 ihc philosophical differ
ence bet wee u them, that them U bet wmi
( absolute power and freedom, between the
iHtrc dr cacJvi and the h tl*n* r-trp <*.
It is to this normal charaen ristic
; American liberty that is to I*. t,.,ced the
r<tiesMieas of our people under miiitarv
restraints, their aversions to military law*
and military discipline, their frcpi-at op
| position to the unexplained h-fiesta •(
military authority; and may find r|,c ex
pl inatiun of supgestiie illustraii m in the
fart that it is atai a ch iracterisiir of th-i
E iglbh people, to which the Govcrw
ment pays the defereiie- of ib • most a
ctv-d regard, by resorting as • I |.,m as
p 'ssibl -, and never if it car. he avoided,
to the use of the pure military arm for
the suppression of threatening p iputar dis
cord or duu*e>iie di-tsentioii.
NN ho ds not re me mta-r when, in 18-Li.
there was such a universal uprising in
Europe, and sanguine propagandists inti
j cipatcd the iuiiteuiuu of an eniircdv new
social and political regime, entrw ling n
political .organization even in England, as
ll< result of the great chsnist meeting in
i Kensington Common, said |o eomprehrw i
mrliioua of dUafftetcd—how England, with
tbit wise earn moil ansa which is hvr great
' political feature, avoided all display purely
, military, and relied upon a force almost
entirely constabulary fur its suppresaiou
in the contingency of an oat break.
A want of wise philosophical regard to
thta normal atiribute ut A;nerie:<ii cirl
aiwi Vjctal life has been, in ooC Vfr, the
fault and failure *il our rvdu>i M, Wo
have fur gotten the cardinal fact *bat u
-people arc not auluivrs, but ci ixer.s; an (
in thin forget'uliim*. exhi*Ht<sl in vain
attempts ti make them suldicir, by
dinatiog them to all the laws, rules, de
tails of the discipline uf r-gutar military
organization, is to he found (be inc&uh-n
--cy of our army, and in a large degree its
demoralization, lu a great struggle for
■a ioual tights, it u the fo-arl peo- l(t
pic, and n -t the *ui|itsr|.Liw, which is la
be relied ujsm far its soeeva*.
NO. 43

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