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VOL. 34. Sktrzcl I THE UNIVERSAL CAB I 111 Reduction in Ford Cars Hill Touring Car, regular - - $415 %\ r'J Touring Car. with starter - 485 j | : * Roadster, with starter - - 440 ; ( I'ill Coupe with starter and Demount- i| | |p I Sedan, with starter and Demount-^ ||j|| No change in price of Tractor, $625 f J||f Expert mechanical work done at reasonable Jr| }Si I UP-TO-DATB CtARAGtB |||| || ;| We have one o c tbe Finest Garages in Southern |||| |ll|| , Maryland. Give us a trial. |||l HI Clinton Motor Co. || ||| THOS. S. GWYNN, Prop. CLINTON, MD j||| # • | We’re Ready to Serve You | X —in any legitimate manner that a modernly equipped, X J progressively managed banking organization can serve ;;; 0 the business man. W % us of your officers will be glad to a lend you their counsel and make practical suggestions. this bank your hank, as it is strictly run by HOME PEOPLE, with the advantage of the resources 0 0 of eighteen other banks of the company. SflNo matter how small your account may be it will be J appreciated—perhaps we can help you make it grow. 0 *IOn savings accounts’ we pay 4 per cent interest, com- a pounded semi-annually. 2 0 Get one of our little HOME BANKS * 0 S, it costs nothing and will help you to save. 5^ J UPPER MARLBORO BRANCH % OF THE '''f § # olljr Eastern i>hnre I ®ntat (Eampmtg I Jt Safe Deposit Boxes for Rent S # Resources back of this Bank nearly # # $10,000,000 0 IIMWWWIIWfWHWW WESTERN Mimiii COLLEGE ’ W EJSTMINSTB R , MD. REV./. NORMAN WARD, D. D., President For Young Men and Young Women in Separate Departments Fifty-fifth Year Begins September 20, 1921 ADMISSION Graduates from approved four year High Schools admitted without conditions. Fifteen units required. CURRICULUM up te date. Eight courses leading to A. B. degree grouped about these majors: English, History, or Political Science, Mathematics or Physics. Chemistry or Biology, Latin or Greek, Modern Languages, Education, Home Economics (four years). Courses which prepare for Law, Theology, Med icine, Engineering mav be elected. Special courses in Speech, Voice and Piauo. Military Training, H. O. T C. EQUIPMENT complete. Thirty acre Campus; a new athletic held; college farm; modern buildings; comfortable living ac commodations; laboratories; library; gymnasium, power and heating plant. LOCATION unexcelled, 1000 feet above the sea in the highlands of Maryland. Pure air, pure water, charming scenery. Thirty miles from Baltimore. * BOARD and TUITION $350 SCHOLARSHIPS. The chat ge for Tuition is $lOO Until Aug ust 15tb, Tuition Scholarships, good for one year’s regular tuition, at any time during tbe next twenty years and trans ferable, will be sold in any number for $75 each. Prospectus for 1921-22 on application < When Sorrow Visits Us ► < ► i As it does everyone some day, what a help it is to know ► i that in our direst distress there is one we can lean upon, > one we can depend upon to complete all arrangements with symypathy and understanding to the last detail and at a minimum cost. ◄ ► . My prices for a complete Auto Funeral are away below the prices asked in Washington and elsewhere; i You cannot fail to see how unnecessary it is to leave the ► community and depend upon strangers; such dependence > oft times proves costly and unsatisfactory. BERNARD A. FINK ; ’ Undertaker - and - Etnbahner , a Office and Chapel, SEAT PLEASANT, MD. (At Dist. Line) Phone H y atlsville 800-F2 y j TTyTyTT y f f V f TT n GET BUSY. KEEP BUSY.! MONEY TO LOAN IS YOUR JOB UNSAFE? "iuivaix 1S it permanent? You want a life-long TO $9o0() fl°J° an 1 business. You can get into such a first mort business, selling more than 137 Wat- gage, for 3 yet rs with 6 per cent. iutcr kins products direct to farmers if you jost per annum payable semi-annually, own auto or team or can get one; if am improved real estate in I nnee v<m are under 50 andean give bend George s Coun y, Md., where security with personal sureties. We back you *1 amp.e. Chi ’ges moderate, with big selling help; 52 years in busi- 17 A M PT A GFTT ress: 20,000,000 users of our products. 1. v iliS ULauri il, Write for information where you can . Attorney at L,aw, g.t territory. .1. R. Watkins Co.. | Upper Mar boro a.d Department 111, Winona, Minn j 512 F fet- ' WeehingUn D. L fpjc lstin£c RESOLUTION FOR | PEACE PASSES I 1 Porter Substitute for Knox Pro posal Is Put Through by Vote of 305 to 61. DEMOCRATIC ATTACK FAILS Minority Maintains No Protection Is Afforded American Rights by Meas ure— Bitter Fight Certain Be tween Delegates of Houses. Washington.—By precisely a five to one vote the house passed the Porter resolution, declaring a state of jieace lietween tills country and Germany and the former Austro-Hungarian mon archy. The vote was 305 to 61. Forty nine of the 131 Democrats voted for the resolution. Sixty Democrats voted against the resolution, as did one Re publican, Representative Kelley of Michigan, chairman of the house con ferrees on the naval bill. The Porter resolution has been sub stituted by the house for the Knox resolution which came from the sen ate, and which, unlike the Porter reso lution, contains a repeal of the decla ration of war. The senate has de clared that it will insist on the Knox resolution, and if this is true, both will probably be tied up a long time in conference between representatives of the two bodies; Before the final vote was taken, Rep- c resentative Flood, ranking Democrat on the Foreign Affairs Committee, which stood sponsor for the resolution, offered two motions to recommit the resolution to the custody of the com mittee. The first requested and authorized the President to enter into negotia tions with Germany and her allies after the fashion regularly adopted in treaty making. Speaker Gillett ruled this motion -out of order after points of order had been made by Republican leaders. The next motion by Mr. Flood in cluded a disarmament proposition in volving all the signatories to the Treaty of Versailles. Mr. Flood, in making this motion, proposed to ainemj the Porter resolution by adding this proviso: “And among the said advantages and Rights so reserved, special reservation is made of the rights stipulated for under the said Treaty of Versailles to enter Into agreement with Germany and her allies anjl the powers assocc. , ated with the United States in the war, providing for .jorpf disarmament.” The house rejected this motion by a vote of 254 to 112. * The Democrats who voted with the Republican majority for the resolution were: Almon, Ala. Lowrey, Miss. Aswell, La. McCllntook, Okla. Black, Texas. Mansfield, Texas Blanton, Texas. Martin, La. Carew, N. Y. Mean, N. Y. Carter, Okla. O’Brien, N. J. Collins, Miss. O’Connor, La. Crisp, Ga. Overstreet, Ga, Cullen, N. Y. Park, Ga. Dominick, S. C. Parks, Ark. Driver, Ark. Quin, Miss- Depre, La. Rainey, 111. Favrot, La. Rankin, Miss. Fulmer, S. C. Sandlin, La. Griffin, N. Y. Snrithwlck, Fla. Hawes, Mo. Sullivan, N. Y. - Huddleston, Ala. Swank, Ohio Humphreys, Miss. Tague, Mass. Jones, Texas Taylor, Ark. Kindred, Is. Y. Ten Eyck, Is'. Y. Kunz, 111. Tyson, Ala. Larson, Ga. Upshaw, Ga. Lankford, Ga. Vinson, Ga. Lazaro, La. Wilson, Ga. Logan, S. C. Partisan debate occupied the entire tune of the house until 4 ;30 p. ml, the hour set for voting. Democrats as serted that passage of the the resolu tion by Congress would give Germany every opportunity to disregard the rights of the United States, and afford no protection to American reservations under, the armistice. On the other hand, the Republicans maintained that the resolution was merely technical, and would be followed later by a treaty. The Democratic attack was main tained consistently during the day and j was much fiercer in character than the j Republican implies. AMERICAN SENTRY SHOT Body Found at Rhine Fort With Bui- | let Wound in Forehead. Coblenz. Private Jeremiah Elliott, ] Company A. machine gun training cen- | ter at Chateau Montana, was found dead at Fort Ehrenbreitstein, the sta tion of his organization. There was a pistol bullet wound in his forehead. Private Elliott was on guard duty. The manner in which he was killed Is not known. —— j VETERAN RELIEF BOARDS j House Approval of Measure Establish ing Regional Offices is Unanimous. ! Washington.—The house passed by i unanimous vote of 335 to 0 the Sweet | bill under which government agencies ! dealing with former service men arc | consolidated. The house has spent more than a week considering the ■ measure and adopted a few minor amendments, but it was approved .practically as it was reported by the commerce committee. The measure now goes to the senate. GOOD TO QUIT CONGRESS Appropriations Committee Chairman Says Salary Is Too Small. Washington.—Representative James W. Good, of lowa, chairman of the powerful House Appropriations Com- j mittee, announced his resignation 1 from Congress. He will enter upon the practice of law in Chicago. The | small salary paid a member of Con- ! gress forced him to leave after a serv- | ice of twelve years that culminated in Ills reaching one of the most important j potts In the gift of the house. AND SOUTHERN MARYLAND ADVERTISER. UPPER MARLBOROUGH MD.. FRIDAY JUNE 24. 1921. A. FRANCK-PHILIPSON [ 1 |1 Eminent Chemist Who Dis- I covered “ Liquid Death.” [, | An announcement of the discovery by the chemical war service of a liquid poison so strong that three drops will kill any one whose skin it touches brought a protest from A. Franck-Pbil ipson, a prominent Chicago chemist. Correspondence made public by him indicates that he had offered the gov ernment just such a poison in Aug ust, 1917, and was the first man to suggest the use of airplanes to dis tribute “liquid death.” ' opposTany”^ ON DRY LAW CHANGE House Rules Committee Delays ■ Action on Volstead’s Plea for | Rule to Pass Bill Unchanged. Washington. Representative Vol- 1 stead and other dry leaders begged the House Rules Committee for a special 1 closure rule to rush the supplemental Volstead bill through the House with out amendments, but because of the opposition that was shown the com- 1 mittee adjourned without action. The dry leaders want to get the bill passed*before the Internal Revenue Bureau can carry into effect the ml- ‘ ing of former Attorney General Palmer that beer may be prescribed as medi cine. The measure will prevent the prescription of beer, give the prohibi- tibn commissioner power to control liqUor permits, regulate stringently the use of alcohol in medicine and tighten up the original Volstead act generally. Chairman Campbell of the rules 1 committee said that no objection would be made to the section prevent ing the prescribing of beer, but that other sections would have to be con sidered carefully in view of the oppo sition. Predictions were made that if pre- | scription of beer was put into effect by ‘ the Internal Revenue Bureau the dry leaders would try to hurry some pro hibitive law through congress, but Waynb B. Wheeler, counsel for the Anti-Saloon League, said that his or ganization wanted the entire bill en acted. In making a plea in behalf of the ( special rule Mr. Wheeler asserted that a “big bootleggers’ trust,” behind which ‘ is a .combination of “certain brewers” ! and financial interests in ‘large com munities was now operating. He gave * no details beyond saying: f WORLD NEWS IN ' CONDENSED FORM i | PARIS.—More than 40,000 Ameri- 1 cans from all states in the United 1 States, are now in Paris.’ The majority 1 of them, instead of touring the battle fields,, visiting the Louvre or touring ' the Chateaux district seem contented to remain in Paris, taking part id the most successful “great season” Paris has ever known. NEW YORK.—Announcement of the I formation of the Citizens’ Protective 1 Housing League, said to be the most comprehensive tenants’ organization ' j that has been attempted, formed as a ; i Tenants’ Vigilance Committee' on the j 1 co-operative plan, was made here. 1 CLEVELAND.—Mrs. Ermina Cola-' I vito, aged thirty-two, was formally | 1 j booked on a charge of murder in con- I i 1 nection with the death of Daniel F. i ' | Kabor after she is alleged to have i made some startling revelations to the ; police. She is the midwife' arrested in i Sandusky several days ago. - PARIS.—The French Foreign Office < is doing a good deal of worrying about what the British plan to do in Turkey, i It is admitted all around (hat the Brit ish are approving the new Creek of- ( fenslve, about to begin, and will proh- ’ ably help it. This does not please I Paris. i BOSTON.—A plot to gain entrance i to this country for the hundreds of | : Italian immigrants now detained here | : by the new immigration law, through j ) 1 a riot staged by friends, was nipped in the bud here when 200 armed police- | 1 men were rushed to the scene and j i 1 soon restored order. ] NEW YORK.—Bradstreet’s reports I 385 failures for the United States for | 1 the week against 180 for the previous i week and 12G, 94, 10.’?,■ 270 for the ' corresponding weeks in 1920 to 1917. j t Canada had 3G against 22 for the pre- j I Ceding week, according to report re- ■ i cently issued. I . PUEBLO, COLO—The Red Cross • chapter here in charge of relief work I ! in the flood district issued a list of | missijng persons containing 137 names, j \ Eighteen were killed in the La Junta j district. LONDON.—Rear Admiral William c | S. Sims, United States navy, is quoted t as saying with regard to the speech he ; r delivered on the Irish question here:|f I “I stand by all I said, every word of | 1 it. I shan’t repudiate a single word I 1 said, and I see nothing un-American t in it, even If Senator McCormick t does. I have not yet received any ca- 1 his from (Secretary Denbr.” r A. FRANCK-PHILIPSON LENIN GIVING IN. KRASSIN ASSERTS Russian Soviet Admits Failure of Communism and Seeks Capi tal to Save Country. VANDERLIP DEAL IS OPEN American Was Required to Deposit a Forfeit, and Has Not—Belief That Revolution Will Break Out In Europe. Paris.—A confessional account of ■ the reasons for Lenin’s changes of pol icy is published in an interview with j Krassin, given in London to the corre- I spondent of the Petit Parlslen. Al most cynically, Krassin admits that the Bolshevist regime has failed and that Lenin has been compelled to change it by tbe failure of the Bol shevik to provoke a communist revo lution in the rest of Europe or even convert ids own people and especially tbe Russian peasant to communism. Krassin said: “We have led the army of the Rus sian proletariat as if the armies •of the other proletariats were winning tbe same victories. Resolutely we went forward. It was a risk that might have succeeded. But now Lenin sees that he holds alone the outpoints of progress. He has advanced too far. He cannot maintain his position, and, though his faith has not weakened in the slightest, he feels compelled to make a strategic retreat —an unfortu nate but inevitable move of which lie has bad the courage to proclaim the necessity." That a revolution will break out lat er in Europe, Krassin declared be was completely convinced, but Lenin was now of the opinion that it would come slowly. “He has, therefore,” says Krassin, “changed his tactics, and on account of the international situation and eco nomic foundering of tbe country has , decided, that instead of trying to crush them lie must come to an arrangement with the interior opposition of peas ants and the exterior opposition of tlie capitalists.” In Krassin’s opinion, Lenin can easi ly overcome the opposition of theo retical Bolsheviki like Bukharin and set himself to winning the support of the peasants by a modified regime. “Not even the poorest peasants are communists, Krassin admits. They never have been, and they never will become communists for the love of our beautiful eyes. If only we had some thing to give them —machines, cloth manufactured stuff—in return for their produce we could quickly make them understand the advantages of com munism. That, it is Lenin’s Idea, is the first and most essential task to be undertaken and be is going to set about it.” Tbe second half of the Soviet pro gram as explained by the Soviet emis sary to England appears also based on the conviction that tbe time has come to deal in realities in order to insure confidence. In explaining it Krassin said: “We want from the west, in order to win the support of the peasants and to establish our hegemony in Russia, material aid in the shape of manufac tured articles and technical aid from specialists capable of exploiting our immense resources. To obtain these we must give, and what we have to give is gold, raw materials or conces sions. Up to now we have paid for I everything in gold, and our present j contracts for boots, cloth and food j stand about £5,000,000 to England. 51,- j 000,000 crowns to Sweden, 3,000,000,- 000 marks to Germany and $10,000,- 000 to America. But our gold must come to an end and our scarcity of transport makes it difficult to export raw materials. We have so far ex ported only a very little. There, there fore, remains only the granting of con cessions.” He then went on to explain that the re-establishment of private property in Russia was not in any way essential. The capitalist, “enticed by our wealth,” he said, will have to under stand that the basis fir his work in Russia cannot exist except by means j of a contract between him and the 1 Soviet government. Figuratively ad- [ dressing the capitalist, the Bolshevik delegate continued: “Moreover, you will derive from this contract more than before the war, ; and while you are making your for- j tune we won’t be selling Russia, for we will remain masters of our own soil. We will never consent to mo nopolies, and even your concession will come back to us when we have extracted sufficient profit.” “There could not ever be a govern ment more radical than ours, so that if there is a revolut'on it will be in the direction of a react:****sry government, which will lie quite certain to keep the engagement we have entered into with foreigners.” 6,000 ITALIANS ADMITTED Surplus Immigrants Will Be Charged Against Italy. Washington.—The immigration bars placed by Congress were lifted tem porarily to admit 0,000 Italians held at : the ports of New York and Boston. Immigration Commissioner Husband and Secretary of Labor Davis took ad vantage of an emergency clause in the law to admit the immigrants under bond. They will l>e charged against the July quota of Italians. THOMPSON HITS AT FOES Will Stop Plan Commission Unless Projects Get Approved. Chicago.—Angered by the criticisms i directed at the Thompson administra tion for its employment of alleged real estate and building experts, who are largely machine politicians, to ap praise lands and buildings, the mayor | has given warning that the city will j abandon all the projects backed by ; the Chicago Plan Commission unless it | brings about the approval by bankers of hie nlen for city improvement*. i j; JAMES A. FOWLER ;■ Prosecuting Building > Material Combinations. ;1 James A. Fowler of Knoxville, Tenn., special assistant to Attorney General Daugherty, will have charge of prose cuting leaders in alleged building ma terial combinations maintained to keep up high prices. ON MERCHANT SHIPS Administration Survey Places Present Value of Fleet at Only $1,000,000,000. Washington.—The administration la prepared to accept as an unavoidable loss, due to tl\,e commons incident to tbe wartime emergency, about $2,000,- -000,000 of the $3,000,000,000 or more spent in tbe construction of shipping. A survey of the situation, it was stat ed, forced upon the officials the con viction that the fleet constructed l.#.d a value of from $750,000,000 to $l,- 000,000,000 and that it was futile to place a higher valuation upon it. It therefore would be the policy of the United States Shipping Board, It was said, to accept this new valuation in shaping its plans for the operation and sale of the ships. On such a ba sis, it is felt, successful operation may be maintained. Until the false val uation is written off* heavy daily deficits in the maintenance of the board's activities will continue. The American merchant' mariuj, it was explained, was built at a time when speed in getting ships into the water was the all-important factor and practically all other considera tions were put aside. Materials and wages were at high levels and large losses also were suffered because of experimentation and tire necessity of developing the program on a very ex tensive scale. It will be the purpose of tbe new Shipping Board, of which Albert D. Lasker of Chicago lias been named chairman, it was said, to get the gov ernment out of the shipping business as rapidly ns possible. To accomplish this a survey of the situation will be made and plans for tbe sale of ship ping arranged for on the basis of tbe | actual value of the ships. LATEST EVENTS AT WASHINGTON j Insurgency within the Republican ranks is developing on the eve of the reporting of the permanent tariff bill from the House Committee on Ways and Means. Support of the American Medical So ciety has been pledged to President Harding in his fight for a seperate government Department of Pubiio Welfare. Former President Wilson, in receiving j at Washington a delegation of Princeton University students, was quoted as saying that he planned to “keep his ideals actively before the public.” President Harding, in a statement made public, urges every young man who can possibly arrange to do so to attend one of the citizens’ military training camps to be conducted by the War Department during the summer. The Harding administration is “stand ing pat” on its declaration of the fundamental basis which should gov ern relations between this country and Mexico, as announced by Secre tary of State Hughes, and has no intention whatever of yielding any of the fundamentals which have been set forth. A resolution declaring Rear-/dmiral Sims “an undesirable alien" and denying him readmittance to any American port, was introduced in the house by Representative Galli van Democrat, Massachusetts. The admiral has announced that he will sail for America June 15. Formal announcement of the appoint ment of Roy Haynes, a Hillsboro, Ohio, editor, as National Prohibition Commissioner, was made at the Whitt House. President Harding signed the bill pro viding for establishment of a budget system. Senate ordered an Immediate investi gation of Admiral Sims’ “jackass” speech in London by the Senate ' Naval Committee. Nominations of Albert D. Lasker, as chairman, and of all others namee|s by President Harding for the Ship ping Board were confirmed by the senate. The treasury is considering a plan for extending credits to cattle raisers, without legislation, as an alternative to the Federal Reserve Board’s rec ommendation for use of $50,000,000 by War Finance eeroeratien for that mirnos*. 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Marlboro Bank of Southern Maryland Trust Co. i now occupying temporary quarters near the Post > Office, in Upper Marlboro, aims to meet the proper banking needs of the community, and respectfully s solicits your patronage. • WILLIAM H. BROOKE, * M. CARY McNAB • Cashier. President ! “ ~ . Marlboro’ Garage l W. R. BUCK, Proprietor 1 UPPER MARLBORO’, MD. OAKLAND „ D . THE CLEVELAND AGENCY TRAC I O K r - I have secured the agency of “The Cleveland Tractor which takes the place of both man and beast. Authorized Ford Service Station and genuine Ford parts for sale. New Ford Cars and Trucks for sale. i ' i have an up to date welding outfit and can weld all kinds of meta —— . , Guaranteed work on any make car. 1 Goodyear, Hood, Portage and Hartford Tires. ; FREE AIR WORK DONE on short notice. ——■ ■■ *■ ———■*■ I——— . ■ m - ' -il Square Deal Garage EAST END WAIN STREET Phone Marlboro 49 UPPER MARLBORO. MD. i GEORGE A. RUTH. Chief Mechanic and Eleetrieel Expert J. HES R I DIGGS. 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