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.K. , scra . n- AND SOUTHERN MARYLAND ADVERTISER- VOL. 35. UPPER MARLBOROUGH MD.. FRIDAY MARCH 31. 1922. NO. 12. BRIEF CHRONICLES BY LANDAND SEfl Ticks and Flashes Which Bui letin in Condensed Style the News of the World. TIMELY HISTORY PARAGRAPHS Events at Washington Which Loon Large as Crucial Happenings. Industrial Activities at Home and Abroad, WASHINGTON President Harding has signed tin Deficiency Appropriation Bill passec last week by Congress. The moasim carries more than $130,000,000, includ Ing $94,000,000 for the Veterans’ Bn reau. American participation in the mill tary occupation of the German Rhine land, which began December 18, 1918 when American troops entered Co blenz, will be terminated July 1. Presi dent Harding has ordered the with drawal of the 4,000 American soldiers who still remain on German soil. A resolution was passed by the house under which 2,400 aliens admitted temporarily to United States prior to March 7 may remain here. Secretary of the Treasury Mellon announced that the issue of one year per cent treasury certificates of -. Indebtedness of series TM-1923, dated March 15, 1922, due March 15, 1923, which was for $250,000,000, or there abouts, has been oversubscribed and that total subscriptions aggregate about $600,000,000. Soldiers’ bonus advocates In the house of representatives have reached - the confident s age and openly declare they will dictate the policy of the ■ Republican party, despite the opposi tion of President Harding and the cabinet. 7 Governmental intervention in any way in a epai strike is a possibility tbjtt remote to be seriously considered at this time, a member of President Harding’s cabinet asserted. NATION'S BUSINESS Ford. Motor Company of Detroit an nounced an increase of 20 per cent in Its force. Ex-service men and women will be given preference in all cases wherever possible. The Department of Labor reports an increase has been shown in February in ten of the fourteen principal in dustries of this country. •F. E. Scobey of San Antonio was wworn in as director of the mint for a term of five years. Moscow Stock Exchange will reopen Boon, according to reports. A trade tribunal has been established and the members already chosen. Denver and Rio ‘ Grande Railroad will receive $477,953.32 from the gov ernment to satisfy claims growing out of federal control of the roads. Elaborate preparations to advertise and boost the State Barge Canal are being made by the New York State Waterways Association daring the last two weeks in April, coincident with the opening of navigation on the canal. Application has been made by the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Com pany to the California Railroad Com mission authorizing the issue and sale of $25,000,000 of its par value pre ferred capital stock, the money so raised to be used to reimburse Its sinking fund. GENERAL - T The state of Oklahoma can regulate the price of natural gas according to the pressure under .which it Is fur nished, the United States Supreme Court decided. Kansas City Southern railway re ports for February net operating in come amounted to $300,730 after taxes, an increase of $88,488 over January. The cartoon in Figaro by Mr. Forain, one of France’s celebrated artists, which depicted an American soldier grabbing all the money from Ger many while it pushed France aside, been protested against by the American Legion Post in Paris. From New York came reports of plans for establishment of a wireless broadcasting station at the Washing ton Square division of New York Uni versity. The Republicans retained control of the Third Maine Congressional District In a special election to fill the unex pired term of John A. Peters, but by a greatly reduced margin. John Duval Dodge, possessor of a fortune of $1,000,000, left the House of Correction recently with $8 in his pocket, having completed a five-day prison sentence for automobile speed ing. Only, 965 Germans immigrated by way of Hamburg last January. In January, 1921, about 2,300 German im migrants cleared from Hamburg. The Great Western Sugar Company, the principal beet sugar refining com pany in the Rocky Mountain district, advanced the price of beet sugar 10 cents a bag to $5.30 a bag. Governor San Souci, of Rhode Is land, announced that 150 soldiers will be withdrawn from Pawtucket Valley textile strike district. B. B. & R. Knight, Inc., owners of the Natick and Pontiac mills, announced that these plants will remain closed. The Senate Judiciary Committee has decided that Senator Smoot (Utah) and Representative Burton (Ohio), are Ineligible to serve on the Foreign Debt Funding Commission. The vote, which followed a spirited debate, was nine to seven. Idle freight cars on March 8 num bered 398,982, compared with 417,694 cars the previous week, according to the American Railway Association. Hereafter each Shipping Board pas senger liner leaving the port of Seattle will carry 25 Bibles and 25 hymnals. The steamer Bay state was the first vowel to he supplied. | A dispatch from Vienna says it is t authoritatively stated there that Bul * garian militarist* have overthrown the ■ cabinet of Stamboulisky and establish- I ed a dictatorship. 1 When a prominent society woman of Ardmore, Pa., hesitated to take an In jured man to a hospital, fearing that I- blood would stain the cushions of her automobile, Policeman Edward Ryder commandeered the car. Chancellor of the Exchequer Horne and Lloyd George discussed America’s demand for payment of $241,000,000 for occupation of the Rhine. d Former President Wilson is “not at present expressing an opinion cm any m public questions,” his secretary, John Randolph Bolling, informed the Press. Coastwise shipping between Chilean ports, excepting Punta Arenas, will be reserved exclusively to Chilean vessels after January 1, 1923, under a law passed by Congress after a long de bate. ; Russian Supreme Economic Council has permitted Germans to hold an in q dustrial fair in Moscow next summer. For the continuance of the New ® York-San Francisco air mail route sl,- 900,000 has been appropriated by the Senate, inserting the appropriation in the annual post office bill. 1 South African Industrial Federation, has cancelled the strike of miners * which held South Africa in its grip. j" International officials of the United ’ Mine Workers of America, in New York, are drafting plans for a strike " of 600,000 bituminous and anthracite l " coal miners, effective April 1. s Slow business in the wholesale meat market, because the consumers are ? buying very sparingly, caused the 0 wholesale dealers to cut prices 1 to 3 cents a pound toward the last of the a week to stimulate buying. 1 | SPORTING 1 J j ’ * The proposed ten-round bout be * tween Billy Miske of St. Paul and Bartley Madden, New York, light heavyweights, set for April 8 at St. j Paul, has been called off. „ The French government and the ~ French Olympic Committee both have ' informed the Paris Municipal Council that they have accepted Pershing’s Stadium at Vincennes as the place for the holding of the Olympic games ’ in 1924. j That the Australian Davis cup team L should play all its matches In Ameri ca, to enable the players to become ac climated, is the opinion of the secre -1 tary of the Australasian Tennis Asso- I elation. He gave his views at a meet ! ing called to decide whether Australia I shall insist that the preliminary . matches be played in the country , where the cup is now held. , Failing to come to any agreement j with Owne( Frazee on salary terms, Harold Ruel, first string catcher, has left the Red Sox training camp. Ruel 1 stated that he was going td his home In St. Louis. Georges Carpentier has signed an agreement with French promoters to > meet a British, American or French light-heavyweight before October. It is planned to build an open stadium to i seat 40,000. Carpentier lias not fought i in France in three years. L. C. Daly was high scratch man at the traps of the Larchmont Yacht Club when he made 95 out of 100 targets although he was severely; handicapped by a heavy east wind. Harold Cutbill, the “Flying Parson” i from Boston, made short work of all the existing 1,000 yard marks, both in doors and outdoors. Running in Buffalo on the fast armory track of that City, Cutbill covered the 1,000 yards in 2 minutes 12 seconds. Belmont Park, the home of the American thoroughbred, was an ani mated place recently when set after set of horses were out cantering and galoping around the main track. The wonderful physical condition of the horses speaks well of the training ground at ttie Nassau county course. FOREIGN Mohandas K. Gandhi pleaded guilty to all the charges made against him, and lie was sentenced to six years’ im prisonment. Dr. Felix Klemperer, a widely known German specialist on internal diseases, lias been summoned to Moscow to at tend Premier Lenine. The value of the wedding present which Mrs. Saunderson, a Washington woman, gave to Princess Mary, con sisting of her English estate for the use of the Girl Guides, lias been ma- - terially added to by a $35,000 gift from the princess to be used in fitting out the estate as a girls’ training center. An armistice between Turkey and Greece will be the first subject dis cussed by the allied foreign ministers when they meet in Paris to confer on the Near Eastern situation. A general strike has been declared by port workers throughout Italy in sympathy with the port workers at Naples, protesting against employment of non-union workers. That the Anglo-Japanese alliance had been drawn or construed by the two governments to cover the use of Japanese troops in the event of a re bellion in India was authoritatively denied by British government officials. With the Genoa conference only three weeks away, the greatest public obscurity still seems to surround the exact purposes behind its convocation. President Obregon of Mexico said that the federal government was not in accord with the state of Chihuahua regarding the sale of large tracts of land in that state to a Mexican com pany of all-American capital. Greeks in Constantinople are most enterprising in resumption of trade with the Bolsheviki. During the last nine months twenty-three Greek ships and thirty-two of all other nations weighed anchor in Russian harbors. Joe Edwards, a leading boxing im presario in times past, was brought in his night-clothes into a Berlin court by a squad of police to testify against a cabby who months ago refused to accept him as a fare, j Disturbances in the Danish prov | inces in connection with the general j lockout have necessitated the calling out of troops to patrol the streets, j Edward Arthur Walton, widely ; known artist, is dead at Ills home in Edinburgh. He was sixty-one years 1 of age and president of the Royal Scottish Society of Painters In Wa- I ter Colors. LEADERS BACK RHINE ARMY BILL Senator Borah Says Attitude of Europe Warrants Immediate Withdrawal of All Troops. ATTACK STAND OF ALLIES Democratic Leader Regrets We Are Not Fully Represented on Repara tions Board—Paris Hopes They Will Open Way for Settlement Washington.—All the American troops now in Germany should be re called and the United^States Govern ment should Insist that it_ claim .for more than $240,000,000 representing the cost of the American troops on the Rhine be paid, Senators Underwood, Borah and Lodge declared in the Sen ate. Messrs. Ledge and Underwood held that the Allies were apparently seeking to delay the payment of the obligation on a technicr.lity, and Mr. Borah, supporting the position of the two leaders, added that the effort to delay was in ids opinion unwarranted. Senator Borah brought up the Army of Occupation bill by calling to the attention of the Senate the statement credited to M. Poincare, the French Premier, that in his opinion the United States had no right to collect this debt from Germany. Mr. Borah said that he entertained no drnbt, that Secre tary Hughes would know how to handle the question and that he would find away to get the money. “Our army,” added Senator Borah, “was supposedly left in Europe in the interest of the nations associated with us in war. Certainly our troops were not kept on the Rhine for the benefit of the people of the United States. It looks i.ow as if those troops are no longer needed in Germany, and the present attitude of the Allies appears to me entirely unwarr; nted, and we should bring all of our soldiers home at the earliest possible opportunity.” Senator Underwood said: “So far as I am concerned, I can see no reason why a single American sol dier should remain on the Rhine. It was on the invitation of the Allies that our troops were sent to the Rhine, and it was as a result of that invitation that they were kept there. The claim of our government for the cost of their maintenance is in every way justified. “In right, justice and fair play, the government of this country is entitled to stand on the same basis in this matter as are the ether nations whose troops are in Germany.- The position of the Allies in opposing payment on a technicality is something I very much regret.” Senator Underwood also said he re gretted that this country was not rep resented on the Allied Reparations Commission, with which staterue; t Senator Poindexter took issue, point ing out that, in his opinion, this coun try would become involved in Euro pean controversies if the views of Mr. Underwood in the natter were to pre vail. Mr. Lodge said that the sum owed *>y Germany for the Americs n occupation was a matter independent of repara tions. This claim, he held, was one that originated with tha Armistice, and not with the Versailles Peace Treaty. The presence of the American troops on the Rhine, with the cos', of their up keep, Senator Borah said, was one of the things retarding the economic ie covery of Germany. He added that it was calculated to retard rather than pacify the situation in Europe, a ; na tion, he held, that was fraught with grave possibilities for all the nations concerned. “If we must wait until Germany pays all her other war del before paying us for the maintenance of our troops,” interrupted Senator Norris, “we will wait until men now young die of old age, and the country has forgotten that there were ever any troops on the Rhine. Every American soldier on the Rhine should be brought home at once, and I hope that our government will take Immediate measures to bring them home.” “That Is also my hope," said Senator Lodge. “If our troops are brought home,” said Senator Borah, “we could at least reduce our home army by the number so returned.” COAL STRiKE 10 CERTAIN Operator Declares Strike on April First Is Inevitable. New York. —A coal strike on April 1 is inevitable, Charles S. Allen, secre tary of the anthracite coal consumers’ association, told the City club. He said the retail price for anthracite in New York now was $2.50 higher than It should be. The higher price was made \ip of excess freight rate of $1.30 and excessive refuse shipped as coal which, if eliminated, would mean an other saving of $1.20. LABOR URGES NEW JOBS Recommends Reclamation Work to Relieve Unemployment. Washington.—As a means of reliev ing unemployment, the American Fed eration of Labor soon will put before Congress and urge the enactment of bills appropriating funds for vast land reclamation projects and for develop ment of the Mississippi river basin by control of flood water, increase of navigability and drainage of lands. No estimate of the expenditure in volved was made in the report. SEMENOFF NOT WELCOME | Anti-Red Leader From Russia Isn’t j Particularly Wanted in America. Washington.—General Semenoff, the j anti-Bolshevist leader who was per- | raitted to land at Vancouver, will be I required to appear before immigration j inspectors if he applies for admission to the United States because of a question as to whether lie is admis sible under the Immigration laws, offi cials said here. There have been many protests lodged in Washington against him. | C. A. RAWSON i| Fills Senator Kenyon’s 11 Seat at the Capital. ;! C. A. Rawson, who was appointed to fill the position of United States senator from lowa, made vacant by the appointment of Senator W. S. Kenyon to a position as federal judge. DRASTIC^EDUCT^ IN NAVY PERSONNEL Proposed Bill Also Authorizes Commissioning Less Than Fourth of Graduating Class. Washington.—Drastic reductions in Navy Department estimates for the next fiscal year have been made by the House Sub-Committee on Appro priations in framing the navy bill. Instead of providing funds for an enlisted personnel of 90,000, as urged by Secretary Denby, the committee fixed the total at 05,000 and author ized the commissioning of about 135 of the 541 members of the June grad uating class at the Naval Academy. In round numbers the bill will carry something like $200,000,000, as com pared with Mr. Denby’s estimate of $350,000,000. While the Appropriation Committee was speeding up in the hope of having the measure ready by the"end of the week, the House Naval Committee was at work on its bill fixing the navy’s authorized strength and containing leg islation necessary to clear up new tan gles in the Naval Academy situation. Tke rough draft of the bill on which the committee worked called for a to tal authorized enlisted strength of 85,- 000, plus 6,000 apprentices, as now. A proportionate cut would be made in the commissioned personnel total. Not more than 200 members of each graduating class at Annapolis could be commissioned in the navy in 1922, 1923 and 1924 under the measure on which Chairman Butler’s committee is work ing. The Academic Board would be directed to confer the degree of Bache lor of Science on all graduates here after. After March 4, 1923, the number of midshipmen admitted to the academy would be reduced from five to two on the congressional basis, although fifty 1 wooukl be admitted each year, as here tofore, from the enlisted personnel. WORLD’S NEWS IN CONDENSED FORM BERLIN.—AII the political parties of the Saar district, except the ex- 1 treme radicals, have again petitioned 1 the governing commission of League of Nations to introduce the principle of representative government. 1 NICE. —Interviewed seventeen years 1 after his resignation as minister of ( Foreign affairs in the Rouvier cab- i inet, Theophile Delcasse refused again to tell what was the real situation. LONDON. The latest indication : from Criccieth, Wales, is that Prime > Minister Lloyd George will return to i London and ask the House of Com- > mons for a vote of confidence. ROME.— Pope Pius XI plans to break a tradition which has been kept since 1870 and leave the Vatican dur ing the closing procession of the ' Eucharistic Congress May 29. The Pope will pass around St. Peter’s Square. ‘ OTTAWA. —A steamer will be fitted f out by the Canadian government as a < floating exhibition of Canadian prod- ' ucts and sent on a voyage to the prin- I cipal trading ports of the world. t JOHANNESBURG. —To reduce un employment in South Africa Premier i Smuts has asked the employers to i deal generously with the miners. j c DUBLIN.—St. Patrick’s Day passed quietly throughout Irciai 1 despite the usual disquieting rumors prevalent lately of coup d’etat or outbreaks in I various parts of the South. TOKlO.—Japan has made the most elaborate preparations ev ;r known in <= the Land of the Rising Sun to enter- I tain the Prince I Wales on ids ar- r J rival here. , PARlS—Hailin'- the absetmious Mar- | slial Ferdinand Focli as a great propa- J gandist for wine, former Minister | Ricard formally opened the French v national wine week that was cele- v rated in Paris. a PARlS.—Premier Poincare has an i nounced that France intends to pay j all her debts in full. FIUME. —A counter revolution by lo- f cal military leaders has overthrown the Committee of National Defense, established after the Fascist! revolt s against President Zambelli. n LONDON. —Abandonment of the Ge- f noa conference and the expulsion of r Leonid Krassin, Soviet envoy here, as h a result of exposures implicating 80l- 1 shevists in the Soutli African insur- t rectlon, was demanded by Lord North- c cliffe’s Daily Mail in a recent issue of £ that publication. i p ISLAND OFFERED GREAT BRITAIN Stefansson Expedition Establish ed Possession of Wrangell Isl and in Name of Great Britain. ALL PREVIOUS CLAIMS LAPSED Three Americans in Party Landed to Re-assert Possession for British. Explorer Denies Any Right of Russia. Montreal. The British flag has been raised by Vilhjalmur Stefans son on Wrange’.l Island, one of the most important islands in the Arctic region, because strategically it dom inates Northeastern Siberia. The ex plorer now admits that when the little vanguard of his fifth and latest ex pedition, including citizens of the United States, landed on Wrangell Is land on September 21 last, its mission was political as well as scientific. Wrangell Island, which is about the size of Jamaica, lies 100 miles off the northeastern coast of Siberia and 400 miles west of Bering Strait, in latitude 71 degress, north, and longitude 180 degrees. For the most part it is a typical grass-covered arctic prairie, noted for its interior granite cliffs, which reach a height of 2,000 feet, and also famed as the paradise of the polar bear. Following its discovery by the Brit ish in 1849, Wrangell Island was occu pied in turn by Americans and British, both of whom, according to Stefans son, permitted their claims to lapse after five years, when neither country provided for continuous occupation. The claims of both the British and Americans were shadowy when the ill fated Karluk was wrecked off Wran gell Island in 1914. The right of the British to occupy the island was re asserted, however, when seventeen members of Stefansson’s shipwrecked expedition landed and later ran up the British flag. Following the with drawal of Stefansson’s men, the Brit ish claims lapsed again in 1919, so toward the end of the five year period the explorer began the organization of his Wrangell Island expedition. The little party that landed on Wrangell Island for the purpose of re asserting the right of British occupa tion was composed of four white men and as many Eskimos. The Ameri can members were E. L. Knight of McMinnville, Ore., Frederick Maurer of New Philadelphia, Ohio, and Milton Galle of New Braunfels, Texas. Only the leader of the party, a Ca nadian, was apprised of the real na ture of the expedition when it started, and lie was Allan Crawford, a son of Professor Crawford of Toronto Uni versity. The Americans, Stefansson explains, became identified with the undertaking simply through love of adventure. But the Americans were let into the secret when the party landed. , Canadian Government Not In Secret The expedition, which was designed by Stefansson to render an important service to his country, was organized without assistance from the British government. Indeed, the exact nature of the expedition was not disclosed to the British government until Stefans son went to Ottawa to make a report in person to Prime Minister Mackenzie King. Stefansson’s expedition was hurried because he had found in his voyages that the Japanese were constantly working north, and he thought it would be only a matter of time until they appreciated the Importance of the island. Stefansson has tentatively planned to sail in the spring for England to report to the British prime minister on the results of his latest undertak ing in the Far North. He says he has established no personal claims by occupation of the island. The Wrangell Island expedition was organized and equipped by Stefans son in the face of many obstacles. The first problem he had to overcome was one of financing. Eventually Stefans son put into the enterprise ids entire personal savings from his explora tions, his writings and his lectures. Still the financial organization was in adequate. So the explorer sought the assistance of friends. To the generos ity of the latter Stefansson attributes the success of the expedition. SHIP BIDS REJECTED Shipping Board Rejects One Hundred Bids Submitted. Washington.—The United States Shipping Board has formally rejected the 100 bids submitted for its mer chant fleet of 1,400 vessels. The bids were so low that Chairman Albert D. Lasker characterized them as “face tious.” He added: “The result is such as to convince me absolutely that there is no mar ket for ships in the United States to day. , STREET SLID INTO RIVER Number of Autos and Buses Have j Narrow Escape. Saranac Lake. —A part of Main street slid into the Saranac River, leaving a hole twenty-five feet square. The slide came a short time after a | numbers of automobiles and buses had passed over the road which leads to Ausable Forks. The cave in, caused it is thought by water from a leaking main which washed away the sand, occurred within a short distance of business section. -1 PERSIA REJECTS U. S. GOLD Not Willing to Accept $868,000 Loan With Oil String Attached. Allahabad. A Teheran dispatch says that the Persian government is not willing to accept £200,000 received I from Washington against future oil royalties, because instead of the sum being an unconditional and separate j loan, as was supposed, it learns that the loan is connected with the con cession of northern oil fields recently granted to the Standard Oil Com pany. ! _ : MRS. HERBERT HOOVER i; National President of ;! Girl Scouts of America. Mrs. Herbert Hoover, wife of tha secretary of commerce and now na tional president of the Girl Scouts of America, wearing her scout uniform. DEBT OF GERMANY Britain Proposes Debt Cancella tion if Allies Will Do Likewise. Loudon. —A scheme has been put forth by the British Treasury to bal ance all German debts against the in ter-allied debts owing to the United States and has aroused keen and gen eral discussion here. The plan is of fered as a revision of the reparations agreement and regarding Germany’s indebtedness as $110,000,000,006 gold marks, would make the payment of 65,000,000,000 marks contingent on the demand of the Allies among them selves for repayment. Tlie British plan further envisages a guarantee by England and France not to demand their own allied debt ainless the United States demands payment and nothing is obtainable from Ger many. This virtually amounts to a general debt cancellation, which would enable all the countries of Europe in volved to start over with practically a clean slate. The Manchester Guard ian points out that the success of the scheme depends largely upon the atti tude of the United States. While all this discussion was going on outside of official circles, it was stated that the Allied experts who met here to take up the agenda of the Genoa conference did not touch upon this subject at all. It was announced officially that the discussion was based on the tentative agenda adopted at Cannes and that the French and Bel gian memoranda had not been pre sented for discussion. There is no American expert of any kind attending the conference here, and this, together with the almost cer tain opposition to the scheme from France, is held as the reason why this most important matter was not taken up by the Allied experts. It is understood that the outstand ing proposals from the Italian govern ment have to do with a scheme for the better regulation of customs dues and tlie standardization of prices in the raw material field. \ LATEST EVENTS I AT WASHINGTON U United States Supreme Court upheld the anti-rent profiteering and hous ing laws of New York. Senator Porter J. McCumber, North Dakota, chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, announced that he would seek re-election. Census Bureau announced cotton pro duction during 1921 totaled 7,976,- 665 running bales, as against 113,- 270,970 bales the previous year. A high administration official in Wash ington indicated the acceptability of Dr. Otto Ludwig Wiedfeldt, former managing director of the Krupp or ganization, as German ambassador. The Philade’ hia Navy Yard will b retained, -jlonel Theodore Roose velt, assistant secretary of the navy, announced. It became known that the name of Dr. Otto Ludwig Wiedfeldt, one of the high officials in the Krupps or ganization, has been submitted by the German government to the United States to determine his ac ceptability as ambassador from Berlin in Washington. Herbert Hoover, secretary of com merce, and several federal and state officials inspected the site of the proposed Colorado River Dam. Government officials despaired of bringing about a conference between coal operators ai d miners. Senators Borah and Norris criticized former Governor Lowden for deplor ing America’s failure to enter the League of Nations or to participate in the Genoa conference. Representatives Kahn and Dallinger condemned efforts in the House to reduce the army below safety pro portions and to asurp the power of the President for army distribution. The fight probably wil be carried to the Senate, as the House is inclined not to yield. The Harding administration is pre pared to maintain its claim for reim bursement of the expense of Ameri can troops of occupation in Ger many, regarding as essential the rec ognition of American rights in the matter. Representative Fordney took issue with Secretary of the Treasury Mel lon in a report submitted to the house on behalf of the Ways and Means Committee in support of the soldiers’ bonus bill, asserting that the immediate cash outlay will be small and no additional taxes nec essary. STATE f CAPITAL : % * Annapolis— Governor Ritchie signed thirty seven bills and three joint resolutions, being the first additional of any con siderable number of laws to the stat utes of Maryland at the present ses sion of the legislature. House Bills. No. 32 —Repealing law relating to county taxes in Canton and High landtown. No. 33—Amending charter of Wcst ernport, Allegany county. No. 80 —Authorizing Anne Arundel county to borrow on notes. No. 84 —An act to protect raccoons and oppossums in Carroll county. No. 87—Setting salary of Commis sioner of Harford county at $5 a day. No. 94—Amending act relating to bailiffs of Laurel, Prince George’s county. No. 96 Authorizing Washington county to borrow money to pay de ficit on school construction No. 98—Amending franchise law of Sharpeburg, Washington county. No. 99 —Amending franchise law of Smithburg, Washington county. No. 194 Authorizing Wicomico county to build drawbridge over Wi comico river. No. 112 —Amending tax larw of In dian Head. No. 114 —Authorizing Washington county to borrow money for teachers’ salaries. No. 116 —Repealing certain laws relating to Pen-Mar, Washington county. No. 145—Requiring persons record ing deeds in Carroll county to submit same to clerk of county commission ers for entry on tax rolls. No. 152 —Setting salary and ex penses of treasurer of Prince George’s county. No. 158 —Ratifying loans already floated by Carroll county and author izing others. No. 159—Setting dates for closing assessment books October 15, and levying taxes November 15, in Balti more county. No. 160 —Setting dates for review ing assessments in Baltimore county. No. 162p-Amendments to act de fining powers of mayor and city coun cil of Salisbury, Wicomico county. No. 163 Requiring transfers of property on assessment books of Salisbury. No. 169 Authorizing Frederick county to borrow $20,000 to meet de ficit on roads. No. 181—Authorizing Queen Anne’s county to borrow $33,000 to meet de ficit in school funds. No. 185 —Repealing certain laws re lating to Woodsboro, Frederick co. No. 187 —Authorizing Harford co. to pension John Taylor and wife. No. 195 —Authorizing road engineer of Baltimore county to make certain changes in the county road budget. No. 199—Amending law relating to fees of justices of the peace in Balt more county. No. 203 —Abolishing office of coro ner for twelfth election district of Bal timore county. No. 215 Authorizing Baltimore county to create loans for construc tion of sewerage systems. Senate Bills. No. 7 —Extending franchise to wom en in Protestant Episcopal Church in Maryland. No. 52 —Provides for prosecution of all persons or corporations failing to secure licenses as required .by law. No. 54 —Enacting a new charter for Capitol Heights, Prince George’s county. No. 96 —Requiring transfer of prop erty on assessment books of Baltimore county before deeds are recorded. No. 102—Authorizing Hagerstown to borrow $750,000 for construction of sewerage system. No. 105 —Empowering Harford co. to pension Seymour Lett). No. 117 —Decreasing compensation of Judges and clerks of election in Baltimore county. No. 150 —Amending law regulating police appointments in Baltimore co. No. 176 —Amending law relating to collection of taxes in Harford county. Joint Resolution*. No. 4—Urging a reduction of freight rates. No. 5 Requesting congress to amend the migratory game laws. No. 6 —A tribute of appreciation to Judge John J. Dobler. A hearing upon a group of work men’s compensation bills was given by the senate committee of judicial proceedings. Of these the most im portant was the one which seeks to eliminate the non-benerficial period of three days at the beginning of dis ability. The bill provides that when the disability exists for as long as 10 days it shall become retroactive and benefits shall be paid from the beginning of the disability. Directing the Public Service Com mission to investigate the feasibility ( and probable cost of a railroad , through Anne Arundel and Calvert counties, a joint resolution introduced , in the Senate by Senator Brady also ( provides that a commission of citi zens shall receive the report of the ( Public Service Commission. This citizens’ committee is to be ap pointed by the Governor, and is to make recommendations to the general assembly of 1924 as to the cost ana 1 methods of financing suoh a railroad, 1 i Advocates of Anti-Vivisection heard by the House Judiciary Committee, j were unable to turn the legislative tide in favor of dogs. The House of j ( Delegates, immediately followed the: hearing, killed the bill sponsored by ( the society to prevent experimenting ( or operating on living dogs. The bill, designed to stop alleged ( cruelty to animals, would have im- , posed a fine of from SIOO to SSOO or imprisonment of from three months to j a year for experimenting or operating , on any living dog unless the purpose vas to cure some ailment. t > A petition was presented in the ' Senate by Senator Tydings which he • said was signed by about 20 per cent. , of the voters of Harford county, urg b ing the defeat of the anti-betting bill. 5 Among the names, Mr. Tydings said, I were those of a former candidate for Governor of Maryland, three former - members of the Senate, the leaders of - the Harford bar and a large nunlber , of the most responsible citizens of* - the county. Some of the reasons fop ■ the retention of racetrack betting are - given in the heading of the petition' as follows; “The revenue is badly needed. “If the state does not regulate race * tracks bookmakers and handbooks will flourish as never before, Snd the evils of gambling will be turned loose on this county in the worst form. “Hundreds of thousands of dollars are paid out annually in salaries to residents of Harford county. 1 “This is not the proper time of afl times to do anything that will increase the burden of the taxpayer." ’ SENATE BILLS By Mr. Frick—Amending the Public l General Laws of Maryland relating to evidence. Judicial proceedings. By Mr. Russell—Authorizing a bond : issue by the commissioners of Ches tertown for the improvement of the , streets. Senators Russell, Legg and Byrn. , By Same—Providing for the trans scribing of Kent county land records. Senators Russell, Legg and Byrn. By Mr. Mitchell—Directing the com missioners of Charles county to re fund to Delange Robinson $22.82. Senators Mitchell, Sasscer and Pever ly- By Same—Directing the commis sioners of Charles county to refund to the Mount Vemon and Marshall Hall Steamboat Company $291. Sen ators Mitchell, Sasscer and Poverty. By Same —Authorizing the commis sioners of Charles county to issue re funding bonds. Senators Mitchell, Sasscer and Peverly. By Mr. McDaniel—Providing that Caroline county bear one-half of the upkeep of the Tuckaboe river. Sen ators Towers, Russell and Legg. By Mr. Jones—Providing for the issuing of bonds by the mayor and< council of Garrett Park, Montgomery county. Senators Jones, Sasscer and Brady. Joint Resolutions Introduced By Mr. Brady—Directing the Pub lic Service Commission to investigate the question of building a railroad through Anne Arundel and Calvert counties and authorizing the governor to appoint a commission to consider report of same. Judicial proceedings. By Mr. Tydings—Authorizing and requesting the governor to appoint s state aviation commission. Judicial proceedings. Bills Passed House Bill 6—State enforcement of prohibition. The Senate recessed at 2.46 P. If. and reassembled at 4.10 P. M., with 18 members present. Joint Resolutions Introduced and Adopted By Messrs. Disharoon and HanTsoa —Memorializing the late Senator Marion V. Brewington, of Wicomico county. By Mr. Wolfe—Memorialising the late Gov. Edwin Warfield, of Howard county. By Messrs. Tydings and Harrison— Memorializing the late Senator J. J. Archer, of Harford county. By Messrs. Snader and Prick Memorializing the late Senator John zie E. Beasman, of Carroll county. By Messrs. Goodell and Tydings— Memorializing the late Senator J. Roy Stiller, of Harford county.. By Messrs. Cantwell and Snader— Memorializing the late Senator Frank E. Williams, of Cecil county. By Mr. Mclntosh —Memorializing the late Senator Jobn Hubner, of Bal timore county. By Mr. Mclntosh Memorializing the late Senator John S. Biddison, of Baltimore county. HOUSE BILLS By Mr. Joseph—Amending law re lating to places for registration and voting. Elections. By Mr. Howard—Reducing number of county commissioners for Anne Arundel county from 7 to 3 and in creasing salary from S3OO to SI,OOO. Anne Arundel delegation. By Mr. Gambrill—Amending cor poration tax law as to time for pay ment. Judiciary. By Mr. Latimer Providing for roads repair in Calvert county and* creating post of roads commissioner. Calvert delegation. By Messrs. Magruder, Hess and Eager—Prince George’s county bond issue of $85,000 for school sites and buildings. Prince George’s delegation. By Prince George’s Delegation Providing for special tax in Edmonton district for village improvements. Prince George’s delegation. By Mr. Griffin —Exempting certain dwellings built after April 1, 1922, from local taxation. Ways and Means. By Mr. Baker —Amending constitu tion of Maryland to permit Baltimore City to increase judges’ salaries. Con stitutional Amendments. By Mr. Hall—to refund to Harry B. Weishampel $138.25 brokerage license fee. Ways and Means. By Mr. Nickel —Conveying lot from city of Cumberland to Fort Cumber land Post, No. 13, American Legion. Allegany delegation. By Miss Risteau —Joint resolution requesting governor to appoint com mittee on laws of minors to report to next legislature. Judiciary. Bills Killed On Second Reading House Bill 432 Prohibiting sale and manufacture of oleomargarine and similar products. House Bill 313—Mcreasing penalty for burglary, robbery, etc., when arm ed with firearms. House Bill 406—Increasing penalty for unlawfully carrying concealed weapons. House Bill 396—Relating to admin istration of estates of less than $2,- 500. House Bill 401—Repealing roadaide tree law.