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ESSENCE OF ALL CURRENT AFFAIRS A Summary for Busy Readers of the Significant Doings of the Day. OCCURRENCES OF INTEREST Progress of the World In General. Legislative Activities at the Na tion's Capital—News From Ev ery Corner of the Country. t/WV^ty^/^V^VNA/VWWWWWWVAA/V^ WASHINGTON ! [ Under a bill designed to tighten up the Immigration law, introduced by Chairman Johnson of the House im migration committee, admission for permanent residence in this ’ country Would be granted only to aliens who may be eligible for citizenship. Secretary Mellon requested Attor- Daugherty for a ruling as to the legality of the sale of liquor on Shipping Board vessels. Shipping Board Chairman Lasker makes new appeal to Congress to pass subsidy bill. The house voted $7,500,000 for re sumption of work on the Wilson dam at Muscle Shoals. Mondell sends for ab sentee Repub licans to break up filibuster which threatens to disturb recess plans. Secretary of War Weeks says ..rmy officers who want to attack war de partment policies should first rc ign; otherwise they will be reprimanded. Washington learns Soviet strength In Russia Is waning. Republican cenators circulate -peti tion for cloture of debate. The word “liar” was exchanged be tween Glass, Democrat, Virginia, and Heflin, Democrat, Alabama. Anti-Saloon League accused In house by Representative Tlnkham, Massachusetts, of “legislative bribery,” Introduces bill to curb league’s activi ties. President Harding tells Philippine Independence mission time Is not ripe for extending Islands full freedom. j NATION’S BUSINESS i The Winchester Company and the Simmons Hardware Company of New Haven have been consolidated. Passage of the Tincher grain fu tures bill assured by the defeat in the House of amendments which would have mutilated the measure.' Failure to bring operators and miners into conference will force President Harding to adopt drastic measures to protect the people from a coal famine. John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers, reaches Wash ington to confer with the Administra tion on the settlement of the mine strike. Measures instituted by the Harding Administration and Congress have hastened post-war readjustment and brought prosperity within reach. Senator McCormick of Blinds said in reviewing the economic situation. Owners of ships using the Panama Canal object to government vessels In the trade Increased prices of agricultural products which will follow the enact ment of the tariff bill will mean a tax upon the American people amounting to $1,310,569,449, according to a state ment made in the senate, Washing ton, by Senator Walsh of Massachu setts, a Democratic member of the Senate Committee. I J/VS/VN/WV'VS/W’^^VWWWWWS/SA/VA/VS/'JJ GENERAL ] J/VVWS^VNAi^VVyVSAAA<VWVVWvVWVV>JS( Mayor Hylan asks Harding to avert rail strike and save New York’s food supply. Canvass of rail workers’ strike bal lots in Chicago Indicates decision to walkout. Ex-Senator Cornelius Cole of Cali fornia, one hundred years old, visited the Senate for the first time in twen ty-five years. Federal Judge Chatfleld in Brook lyn signed an order temporarily re straining Piel Brothers, Inc., Brook lyn brewers, from manufacturing or dealing in beer containing more than one-half of 1 per cent alcohol. New York Stock Exchange commit tee finds no evidence of attempt to cor ner “Mexican Pete.” American Federation of Labor con vention at Cincinnati defeats proposal to recognize Russian Bolshevik govern ment. Senator Walsh says pending tariff measure will raise cost of living $13.15 for every persons; McCumber defends it as protection to farmer. Coroner’s jury in mine war holds coal company responsible; only mur der verdict returned is against mine superintendent who was killed by union men. Senator Myers denounces unionists in Illinois mine war. William Rockefeller, former Stand ard Oil head and brother of John D., dies after brief illness. Possible Presidential candidates be ginning to get the limelight in both major parties and in the outer shad ows from which a third party may emerge. Principal figures are Secre taries Hughes, Weeks and Hoover, Senators Capper, Watson, Lenroot, Willis and Johnson, Albert J. Bever idge, Frank O. Lowden, Gifford Pin chot and Governor Miller of New York. Probably forty dead, many of them massacred, in Hill is mine wr . To tal killed may be seventy-five. Some hanged, others beaten or dragged to death, and mine dynamited. Fighting has stopped, at least temporarily. Representative Gallivan, Democrat, Massachusetts, said Shipping Boad vessels are a “nuisance” under the Volstead, law. Sir Conan Loyle going home con vinced he Ims implanted spiritualism firmly here. “Pussyfoot” Johnson, off to make New Zealand dry, scolds Weeks for anti-Volstead views She Irinee (Srofae’s iEnmiifef, Factory wages In New York state show tendency toward stabilization. Mrs. Len Small, wife of the gov- I ernor of Illinois, died at the family home in Kankakee, after a stroke of I apoplexy and double paralysis with which she was stricken as she was receiving the congratulations of ; friends over her husband’s acquittal. Lightning bolt sinks forty-foot launch off Rockaway Beach, N. Y. Retail Dry Goods Association dis claims McCumber’s profiteering charge and denies advertising makes news papers “venally subservient.” Two investigations started into Illinois mine war; troops ordered , demobilized. In a circular letter to members of Congress, Chairman Lasker of Ship ping Board says that unless govern ment built merchant ships are to he sold abroad or scrapped, only choice ! is between continued government op eration at a cost of $50,000,000 a year or sale of ships to o- ners with a recoverable operating subsidy provid ed, which will Induce private capital ! to buy and operate the vessels. Federal agents at New York seize . three boats and $200,000 In liquor. Killing of Field Marshal Wilson may force Home Secretary Shortt to resign from Lloyd George cabinet. War Department experts point out that Infantry will be sadly deficient under depleted army required by new army bill. SPORTING Yale takes final of series with Har vard at Polo Grounds, New York, 5 to 0. Miss Marlon Chapman wins singles in New Jersey State tennis champion ship. Cornell crew cops the Junior Varsity at Poughkeepsie, while Syracuse wins the Freshman battle. Navy varsity eight wins intercol legiate regatta on the Hudson, Wash ington crew second and Syracuse third. Jack Britton, world’s welterweight boxing champion, successfully de fended in New York his title against Benny Leonard, lightweight champion. Referee Patsy Haley claiming that Leonard hit Britton while the latter was on one knee In the thirteenth round of their flfteeivround match. Harvard beats Yale aj baseball, 8 to 7. William Toporcer wins New York metropolitan pentathlon championship. Ray Eaton wins half-mile bicycle championship at Newark Velodrome. The absence of Frank Baker, Wally Schang and the redoubtable Babe Ruth is a serious handicap to the New York Yankees. Andy Chaney, peeved over the fact that Johnny Dundee and Danny Frush will fight for Johnny Kllbane’s de faulted crown, has challenged the Scotch Wop. Chaney claims he has beaten Kilbane twice. The University of Pennsylvania baseball team elected Danny Sullivan, hard hitting third baseman, captain for 1923. The new leader batted .327 for twenty-four games this year. Chick Evans has decided to par ticipate again in the Western ama teur championship. Chick has won that title pretty often. At Latonia. Ky., Whlskaway, from the stable of Harry Payne Whiteney, which a week ago gave Morvich the only defeat of his racing career, re peated the feat at equal - weights in the great Kentucky Special before a crowd of fifty thousand persons. The British Isles Davis Cup team won another match in singles from the Italian team. F. G. Lowe defeated Cesare Colombo, 6-1, 6-2, 6-0. The remaining match of the series, Count di Rabecco against Major Algernon R. Klngscote, was not played, as the Italian suffered an injury to his foot. Great Britain thus has won all the matches with the Italian players. FOREIGN Germany on eve of civil war; ex kaiserists meet at Potsdam, mon archists arrested in Rathenau plot. Ransom ordered paid to Mexican bandits who kidnaped A. Bruce Biel aski, former chief of United States Secret Service. General strike of the workers on the telephone lines began in Vienna. Field Marshal Wilson’s funeral is held in London. British House of Commons gives Lloyd George vote of confidence on Irish question. Harrison entitled to House seat, Democratic committeemen hold. Swarms of Scotland Yard detectives are continuing the raids in the haunts of the Irish sympathizers. Martial law and a state of siege have been proclaimed as a result of the assassination of Dr. Walter Rathe nau, German foreign minister, by > masked slayers, who escaped. I A statement calling Field Marshal . Wilson’s assassination the result of the Imperial policy pursued by the , British Government in Ireland is Is sued by the headquarters of the Irish ’ Republican Army rebels. The state ’ nient disclaimed responsibility for the killing and deplored Wilson’s death. 5 Japan announces policy of non aggression ; approves Four-Power Pa - eifle Treaty. , The German army is to be reorgan ized thoroughly to eliminate the mon ■ archlsts, whose activities are consid -1 ered Inimical to the best interests of ’ the republic. Rebels ambushed a contingent of crown forces and special police in the ’ , na i n street of Cushendal’, County An ’ trim, Ireland, during the night and were defeated after a running fight. I Four rebels were killed and three wounded. England is paying now for the four 1 years’ neglect which her children suf | fered in their country’s need during | the war. That Is the commonly ac * cepted explanation of the amazing ’ wave of juvenile crime which is now sweeping the country. [ “I will continue to fight," Dr. Sun . Yat Sen, ousted president of the Soutfi China Republic, declared in an interview aboard the cruiser Wing Fu [ : at Hong Kong. Sun, who was driven j f ro m his capital. Canton, by troops of > ' the united China movement, declared • he was confident the navy is still j loyal AND SOUTHERN MARYLAND ADVERTISER. ASSASSINS SLAY DR. RATHENAU Berlin Police Head Raises Offer of Reward for Capture to 1,000,000 Marks. GOVERNMENT TAKES ACTION Check Put on Roylists—Army Dem onstrations Forbidden—State of Emergency to Be Pro claimed. Berlin.—Dr. Walter Rathenau, Ger man foreign minister, who was more closely identified than any other German with the efforts for the re habilitation of lids country since the war, was shot and killed by two or more unknown assassins while on ids way from ids residence to the for eign office. The minister was subjected to a hail of bullets, one of them striking him in the throat and passing up ward to the brain, while others struck him In various parts of the oody. Hand grenades also were ■brown, almost wrecking the car in which Dr. Rathenau was riding, and i nflicting further injuries on him. Dr. Rathenau was struck by at least eight bullets, any one of which would nave proven fatal, according to the • autopsy. Clmncelor Wirth’s government is marshaling the- nation's liberal ele ments to the defense of labor parties, as it did during the Kapp revolt. An nouncement Is made that the govern ment will establish extraordinary courts for the trial of Nationalist plotters, and that a state of emei'- gcncy for Prussia will be proclaimed. All regimental reunionsJjJijJ mili taristic demonstrations pro hibited. Yet, despite voclferoui cries of “Long live the Republic,” which resounded through the reichstag chamber at the close of a memorial session for Rathenau, thoughtful men of all ranks and parties were siently but gravely apprehensive for tlie na tion’s fate. While the heat of resentment and partisan feeling has not sufficiently cooled to warrant a sure appraisal of the direction in which the political effect of Rathenau's assassination will spread, yet this much is certain —the government is facing a far more pre carious situation than it did when Nationaist bullets struck down Erz berger in the Black Forest ten months ago. The minister was shot and instantly killed as he was leaving his residence In Grunewald, a suburb of Berlin, for the foreign office in an automobile. It has been established by the police that the shots were fired by two per sons In a strange automobile, and that they used automatic plsfols. Chief of Police Richter personally Is conducting the Investigation. Some witnesses of the assassina tion declare three men were In the motor car from which the shots were fired at Dr. Rathenau, and that he was accompanied by a woman when he left his vila at Grunewald for the foreign office. Five minutes later the automobile returned to the vila with Dr. Rathenau dead. The prefect of police raised the offer of reward for the capture of Dr. Walter Rathenau’s assassin to 1,000,000 marks. Dr. Rathenau, who was unmarried, used alternately ns a residence his town vila situated in the garden ad joining the foreign office. He also had a country seat at Frelnwald, not far from Berlin. The emotion which marked the brief addresses of Chancelor Wirth and President Loebe before the reichstag on the assassination reflected senti ments which were shared by many others, while the rioting of the radi cals throughout what was to have been a decorous memorial to the dead foreign minister reflected the feeling of unrelenting vengeance vowed in be half of the German proletariat. Never did the reichstag witness such scenes of turbulence and execrations. Dr. Karl Helfferich, the nationalist leader, who had attacked Rattienau in a sav age speech in the reichstag, sat curled up in his seat far to the right of the house. He appeared to be in very depressed and somewhat fearful state. URGES NEW ALIEN BAR House Member Would Admit Only Per sons Eligible to Citizenship. Washington.—Under a bill designed to tighten up the immigration law, in troduced by Chairman Johnson of the House Immigration Committee, ad mission for permanent residence in this country would be granted only to aliens eligible for citizenship, thus, it was pointed out, shutting the gates to Japanese, Chinese, Mongolians and others not granted the right of citi- j zenship. QUIT MT, EVEREST ATTEMPT Climbers Reach Altitude of 27,350 Feet, a Record Height. London. —Sir Francis Younghusband, president of the Royal Geographical Society, stated regarding the Mt. Ev erest expedition that the breaking of the monsoon might definitely frustrate any further effort at reaching the sum mit. He said that in attaining the alti tude of 27,350 feet the expedition bad raised the standard of human achieve ment. The summit is 29,140 feet in height. WILLIAM ROCKEFELLER DEAD Associated With Brother, John D., In Development of Standard Oil. New York. —William Rockefeller, financier and brother of John D. Rockefeller, died at his home, Rock wood Hall, North Tarrytown, of pneu monia, which developed from a cold contracted in recent heavy rains. Five physicians were in attendance, but Mr. Rockefeller's advanced age and many years of ill health proved a great handicap in fighting the disease. He was eighty-one years old. UPPER MARLBOROUGH MD.. FRIDAY JULY 7. 1922. 11 JAMES E.JVIARJINE “Farmer Jim” Is Running for the New Jersey Senate Senator James E. Martine of New Jersey, “Farmer Jim,” who is running for the senate again at the request of ] the railroad unions. He was the first senator to be elected by tbe people east of tbe Mississippi river. He was Democratic candidate for various of fices for 40 years before finally being elected. Sfisui^ POLICY OF IRELAND British Parliament Votes Confi dence, 342 to 75, After Church ill Puts Blame on De Valera. London.—The government’s Irish policy won the support of ti e house of commons by a vote of ”12 to 75. It was forcibly presented by Winston Churchill, the colonial secretary, m ! the face of criticism made dramatic by the fact that most of the members of the house had just returned Irom fie funeral of Field Marshal Sir Henry W.son. Delate was forced by an anti-gov ernment amendment to the supply nil!, used ty the die hards to challenge the govoi ament as a sequel to the Wilson murder. Prime Minister Lloyd George said he would regard it as a vote of confidence. Mr. Churchill plainly showed the cabinet’s greatly stiffened attitude to ward the Irish provisional govern ment, in insisting that the activities of extremists must speedily be ended, or the free state treaty would be con sidered violated, and the cabinet would resume full liberty of action to safe guard rights and interests of the peo ple in Ireland. He declared that the government fully Intended to pursue its policy of keeping faith with Ulster; that it had armed and equipped forces there and 1 would go the limit in men, munitions and money to make sure that life would be properly protected and peo ple allowed to dive their lives un ler their own parliament with the utmost security, as their hearts willed. Chief Justice Taft of the United States Supreme Court and Ambassa dor George Harvey were seated in the ambassadors’ gallery. [ WORLD’S NEWS IN \ CONDENSED FORM WARSAW.—The failure of the So viet government to ratify the Russo- Italian commercial treaty was due to Germany. MEXICO ClTY.—Berto J. Pani, sec retary of foreign affairs, has been offi cially advised by the American em bassy of the kidnaping of A. Bruce Bielaski In the state of Morelos, and the promise has been given that all possible measures will be taken to ef fect his release. PEKING.—The formation of a "Unit ed States of China,” modeled after the American plan, is demanded by Gen eral Chen Chiung Ming. LONDON.—Chief Justice Taft guest at dinner given by Ambassador Harvey for King George and Queen Mary. NEW YORK.—Hotel Claridge, beat en by prohibition, to become an office building; business men call dry law enforcement mockery. SPRI NGFI El LD, lll.—Governor Len Small acquitted of conspiracy to de fraud state of Illinois. LONDON. —A dispatch from Calcut ta says the Mount Everett expedition may be abandoned. The third and | final attempt to reach the summit, the 1 message says, added only 100 feet j to tlie record. | CINCINNATI. President Samuel Gompers of the American Federation I of Labor was re-elected without oppo i sition at the federation’s annual con- I vention. It was his forty-first elec ] tion. SPRINGFIELD, ILL. Williamson j county may be bankrupt for fifty years* j ns a result of rioting near Herrin. The ! county is liable for damages and must | pay not to exceed $5,000 for each | death. The total liability of the coun ty will he approximately $500,000. LONDON. —Police find assassination of Field Marshal Wilson was part of a widespread terrorism plot. SAN FRANCISCO. Charles C. j | Moore, president of (lie I’anauiu-l’acilic | ! Exposition held here in 1915, will be a ! candidate for the Republican nomiua- j tion for United States senator from California this year, authorized spokes- j men for him, announced. TOKYO. —The Yap treaty with the United States was approved by the privy council and Japanese prince re gent. The treaty fixes the lights of ■ each nation in the island, which is j under Japanese mandate. PEKING.—Lives of missionaries in | China endangered in renewed uisor i ders: Sun Vut-sea has disaupeared. CABINET SHARING CONGRESS WORK ! President and His Official Ad visers Favor Representation in the Two Houses. SUPPORT LAW FOR CHANGE Would Attend Sessions to Speak on Questions Relating to Departments. Modification of British System Is Provided for in Three Measures. Washington.—A long latent move ment to have cabinet representation on tbe floors of the senate and house of representatives was revived and received an Impetus at the last session of tlie Harding cabinet. President Harding and Ids cabinet associates showed decided sympathy with the proposal, and it was indicated after ward at the White House that If the practice was sanctioned by Congress the President and the bends of the executive departments would be glad to co-operate. The matter was brought to the at tention of the cabinet by representative M. Clyde Kelly of Pennsylvania, who had written letters to all the members of that body asking their opinion as to the merits cf a bill he bad intro duced in the house on August 20, 1921, “to provide that the principal officer of each executive department shall attend certain sessions of the senate and house of representatives.” It is proposed in the bill that the various heads of departments “shall be en titled to occupy seats on the floor of the senate and the house of repre sentatives, with the right to partici pate In debate on matters relating to the business of their respective de partments under such rules as may be prescribed by the senate and bouse, respectively.” There are two similar measures pending in Congress—one offered by Senator McLean of Connecticut, on April 12, 1921, and he other by Rep ! resentative Montague of Virginia, on April 11, 1921. The purpose of all these is to adopt in modified form the practice of the British Parliament and the parliamentary bodies of most na tions to have ministers of govern ment appear at parliamentary sessions and explain measures which they have caused to be introduced, oppose meas ures obnoxious to the government, and answer questions pertaining to the conduct of their offices. Under this system the secretary of war would attend the sessions of the house whep the annual army appro priation bill or a bill for the reorgan ization of the army was n der con sideration, while the secretary of state would be at hand to give informa tion to the senate concerning an im portant treaty with a foreign power. It is not intended that the practice shall bring abrut any modification of the constitutional designation of the President as the sole responsible offi cial of the executive government. 1 There is no constitutional sanction for the cabinet, which ic purely an ad visory body existing at the pleasure of the President. The cabinet is not named in -ither the Constitution or any statute, and its members have no such responsibility for the conduct of tlie executive government as is im posed on members of the British Cabi net. They are subject to certain laws relating to their Individual depart ments, and may be impeached and dismissed by the legislative branch, but, generally, complete executive re sponsibility rests, under the Consti tution, with the President alone. “I am my own Prime Minister,” said President Wilson at Paris. It is not intended that by any of the pending bills cabinet officers shall be members of the senate or the house. Under the British system a member of the cabinet must bo either a member of the house of commons or the house of lords, and if the com mons, he must again stand for elec tion in some constituency after he has been designated for the cabinet. The members of the Harding Cabinet, if the legislation is enacted, would merely attend the sessions of tbe sen ate or the house and, while being privileged to participate in debate, would have no vote. DAUGHERTY WET SHIP PROBLEM Secretary Mellon Asks Attorney Gen eral for Ruling. Washington. —Secretary Mellon has formally requested Attorney General Daugherty for a ruling as to the le gality of the sale of liquor on Shipping Board vessels outside the three-mile limit. It has been officially held by counsel for tbe prohibition enforce ment unit that treasury regulations as now drawn do not prohibit such sales, but the ruling, when made, will defi nitely determine the question. ADDED judge for jersey Congress Deadlock on Federal Judi cial Bill Is Broken. Washington.—The deadlock on the bill to create a score or more of Fed . e ,-ai judges was broker by agreement | of the senate and house conferees to I give an additional Federal Judge to i N ew . Jersey, New Mexico, Eastern 1111- | nois district and the Middle Tennessee ! district. The senate provision for an addi tional judge for Georgia was stricken from the bill. AMERICAN BRITISH GOLF STAR Open Championship Again Lands in This Country. Sandwich, England.—There could be | no more thrilling finish than that of the 1922 British open golf champlon ’ ship over St. George's course, which was won by Walter Hagen with a grand total of 300. Barnes and Dun can, one stroke behind, were tied for | second, with Hutchison fourth, only two strokes behind his successor. Hagen finished when Barnes was at the ninth in his lust round MME. F. C. NONO Wife of Charge d’Affaires of Roumanian Legation I 9E Mme. Frederick C. Nano, the beau tiful wife of the charge d’affaires of the Rumanian legation in Washington, MfTHRACrf^ VOTE FAVORS STRIKE Scale Committee Tabulates Ref erendum and Prepares for Dec laration-War Chest Planned. Wilkes-Barre, Pa.—Assured of the support of the 150,000 union anthracite miners who have remained under sus pension of work since April 1, the gen eral wage scale committee began tab ulating file referendum just completed and prepared for declaration of an actual strike. Plans were laid for a “war chest,” with a financial campaign In the prin cipal cities of the East and the solicita tion of funds to enable the miners “to carry the present situation to victory.” The committee did not officially au thorize the substitution of the word “strike” for “suspension”—the term by which was designated the walkout or dered by the United Mine Workers of America nearly three months ago. This, said Thomas Kennedy, president of the Scale Committee, it was decided to withhold until tellers complete tab ulation of results in the referendum. It remains for the committee to de cide what means it will adopt to assure success to the hard coal miners’ light for a 20 per cent wage increase. The question of withdrawing maintenance men from the mines, permitting them to be flooded will be decided imme diately. Little active sentiment favor ing such action was apparent among the hundreds of miners who gathered here. Payment of strike benefits, in the event the strike becomes absolute, would not begin on a universal basis, Mr. Kennedy said. He asserted “only a few minor cases” of actual hardship had been reported among miner’s families thus far, and that the war chest would be distributed as the strike progressed “only in emergency relief cases.” , \ LATEST EVENTS j AT WASHINGTON l| Lewis sees Harding and Secretaries Davis and Hoover on miners' strike, but no settlement looked for. Senate committee urges continuance of occupation of Haiti, but reduc tion of American marine forces there. Representative Fordney announces he will retire from Congress at end of present term. Congress completes passage of port of. New York bill, giving federal <®oh sent to port development. f ' President Harding determined to take aggressive action to end coal mine strike. 1 Republican leaders trying to shorten debate on tariff. I Increased prices of agricultural prod ucts, which will follow enactment of the tariff bill, will mean a tax on the American people amounting to more than $1,000,000,000, according to Senator Walsh of Massachusetts. Senator McCumber of North Da kota tells the farmers the emer gency agricultural tariff act is re sponsible for the high prices which they are receiving for their prod ucts and promises them a perma nent tariff bill extending their pro tection. Drys to make vigorous fight to hold grip on Congress; have already gain ed five seats in primaries. President declines to censor cabinet speeches; ignores Secretary Weeks’ espousal of wine and beer. Senator Williams of Mississippi intro duced an amendment to be proposed to the soldiers’ bonus bill to restrict the benefit of the legislation only to those receiving salaries of $2,000 an nually or under. House passed third deficiency bill aft er eight quorum calls were demand ed by Representative Voigt, Wiscon sin. Supreme Court decision holding that labor organizations can be sued un der provisions of anti-trust law may be applied to strikers in event of a railroad strike. House adopts special rule for consid eration of bill re-enacting Grain Fu tures act to meet Supreme Court objections. Chairman Lasker, of Shipping Board, plans mid-West trip in furtherance of ship subsidy legislation. Senators Heflin of Alabama, and Glass of Virginia call each other “liar” In senate debate, but no blows ore struck. | STATE I | CAPITAL | Dr. Wade Found Guilty. Governor Ritchie Monday found Dr. J. Hubert Wade, member of the State Board of Prison Control, guilty of mis conduct in office and removed him therefrom. The misconduct of which Dr. Wade was convicted was the acceptance of the gift of an automobile from Samuel Leibowitz, head of a grocery firm which supplied foodstuffs to the House of Correction and the State Peniten tiary. The Governor’s findings are as fol lows: Under date of May 10, 1922, Eugene O’Dunne, Bsq., filed charges before me against Ogle Marimry, Dr. J. Humbert Wade and Robert H. Carr, Esq., mem bers of the State Board of Prison Con trol, alleging inefficiency, neglect of duty and misconduct in office. These charges were filed under the Aot of 1916, Ch. 556, Section 623. The charges against Mr. Marimry and Mr. Carr all grew out of the man agement and conduct of affairs at the Maryland House of Correction, and I am now having an investigation, made of conditions at that institution. Ido not, of course, know what that investi gation will disclose, but in the mean while there is no justification at all for putting Mr. Marimry or Mr. Carr on trial; and indeed Mr. O’Dunne ia not pressing any charges against them. In Dr. Wade’s case, however, some of the charges allege personal miscon duct, and these relate to a certain au tomobile transaction and to certain al leged political activities. These par ticular charges are numbered 1,3, 4, 5, 6 and 8 in Mr. O’Dunne’s specifica tions. On June 19, 1922, I formally riotified Dr. Wade and his counsel, Samuel K. Dennis, Esq., and J. Cleveland Grice, Esq., that I would hold a public hear ing on these charges on July 6, 1&22, this date being selected in order to comply with the law which requires not less than ten days’ notice of the hearing. Dr. Wade and his counsel, however, elected to waive this notice, so the hearing was held by agreement on June 23 and 24, 1922. As the hearing developed it became apparent that the important charge against Dr. Wade was that in Septem ber, 1919, Samuel Leibowitz made a present to Dr. Wade of a Cadillac car, costing, with accessories, $4,815.20. The seriousness of this charge lay In the fact that Dr. Wade at that time was a member and the treasurer of the State Board of Prison Control and Mr. Leibowitz at the time was presi dent of the General Tea and Coffee Company and of the General Whole sale Grocery Company, which com panies sold groceries and provisions to the Maryland House of Correction and to the Maryland Penitentiary, both of which institutions are under the man agement of the Prison Board. The impropriety of a member of a State Board accepting the gift of a valuable automobile from the presi dent of a company with which the in stitutions under the Board’s manage ment were doing business is manifest, and the same is expressly prohibited by Section 638 of Chapter 556 of the Acts of 1916. There is no doubt, therefore, that the acceptance of this alleged gift would constitute misconduct in office. After the charges were made, it was admitted both by Dr. Wade and Mr. Leibowitz that there had been a trans action in which the ownership of a Cadillac oar passed from Mr. Leibo witz to Dr. Wade. -. * Also, It was stated Dy both Dr* Wade and Mr. Leibowitz that’tAe of ownership was not.ln. the.nature of a gift, but was a sale jjy Mr, Leibowitz to Dr. Wade, for r 53,500 and a Dodge car, and that Involved was fVald liPcash. I talked?wßto'iprf Wade and ques tioned hii&t&hSftl the unsual payment of s3:sop?jin' cash. I felt that there Should £e some substantiation of the IBraSiMer of so large an amount of -mohey, so that I could inform the peo ple of the State that I was satisfied with the circumstances surrounding the transaction. If Dr. Wade had made a satisfactory explanation at that time, there need have been and there would have been no trial. But he did not; and as a matter of fact I never have 'been given any assistance in clearing the trans action of the suspicion which sur rounded it in the minds of the people. The evidence produced at the hear ing shows that Mr. Leibowitz bought and paid for the car in September, 1919, and that it was delivered to Mr. Leibowitz at his office on September 15 of that year and there delivered by Mr. Leibowitz to Dr. Wade. The evi dence also shows that the companies controlled by Mr. Leibowitz first he gan dealing with the institutions un der the management of the Prison Board in the summer of 1919, and dur ing the last three months of the fiscal year ending September 30. 1919, they sold to the House of Correction and to the Maryland Penitentiary provi sions to the amount of $10,800.82, and during the next fiscal year, October 1. 1919, to September 30,1920, these com panies sold to said institutions provi sions to the amount of $47,785.66. Two persons, and only two, can tell the actual facts. One is Mr. Leibowitz, who before the trial stated publicly that Dr. Wade Ritchie Was Honor Guest. Governor Ritchie was the guest ot honor at the reception and dinner to mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Eugene H. Beer, 1213 Eutaw Place. The re ception was held at the Beer estate. Shore-Acre-Lodge-on-Water. Dinner was served on the lawn. . Mr. Beer is the Democratic executive of the Eleventh Ward and president of the Eleventh Ward Democratic. Club. NO. 26. had paid him for the car, but who at the trial refused to say whether the car was a gift to Dr. Wade or was purchased by Dr. Wade, on the ground that either answer would incriminate him. The other person is Dr. Wade, him self, whose counsel declined to permit him to take the stand. They did make the unsupported statement that the money came from the estate of Dr. Wade’s mother-in-law, but Dr. Wade refused to testify under oath to the truth of what his counsel stated In his behalf. I was unwilling, however, to let the matter rest there. My right and duty, as Governor of the State, to request an important official of my administration, against whom charges of misconduct in office have been filed, for a public explanation under oarth, at the hearing of these charges, of the only point Involved in the whole case is beyond any question at all. Accordingly, after Dr. Wade’s 1 coun sel stated that he would not testify— even after I had urged the above view upon them—l appealed to Dr. Wade, directly and personally, and he also declined. The evidence in this case acquires added force when coupled with the surrounding circumstances, and par ticularly with the refusal of Dr. Wade to explain the facts under oath. Refusal to explain may be proper tactics in a criminal trial, but should hardly be resorted to as a means of refuting charges of misconduct in of fice. Under the circumstances, and on the evidence, I cannot escape the be lief that Dr. Wade is guilty of mis conduct in office. Accordingly, I am forced to remove Dr. Wade from his office as a member of the State Board of Prison Control, which I accordingly do, this 26th day of June, 1922. I will promptly file in the office of the Secretary of State, as required by law, a complete statement of all charges made against Dr. Wade and ray finding thereon, together with a complete record of the proceedings. State Happenings Briefly Told Cambridge.—Samuel Barnett, col , ored, 60 years old, died of injuries sus tained when an explosion occurred in the elevator of the Hurlock Milling i Company, Hurlock. The explosion is said to have been due to some one striking a match while the elevator was being fumigated with chemicals preparatory to putting in wheat Pocomoke City.—Charles O. Melvin, aged 77, a prominent attorney and 1 staunch Republican of this city, who spent the greater part of his life here. 1 died suddenly. He is survived by one daughter and two sons, Mrs. Enid 1 Wulff, of Ohio; Homer Melvin, of Bal timore, and Ingalls Melvin, of Buffalo, New York. 1— Cumberland. —Bernard O’Donnell, a • baseball player of Cumberland, through bis guardian, Mrs. Margaret O’Donnell, has filed suit for |2,000 damages against Harry Snowden, col ored, for injuries sustained when a truck owned by Snowden ran away on Sideling Hill mountain and was wrecked. Centreville. Temporarily blinded by the bursting of an ammonia pipe in the milk cooling station at Hardi son’s Dairies. Price, J. Tucker Carter, foreman, and Charles Cohen, assistant foreman, were painfully Injured. Mr. Carter had both eyes badly injured, while Mr. Cohen temporarily lost the sight of one eye. Rockville.—The farmers of Mont gomery county are in the midst of their wheat harvest and the noise of the hinders can be heard in all direc tions. There is said to be every In dication that the yield will be one of the heaviest the county has known for a number of years, notwithstanding thSt rust and scab curtailed the crop to a cdnsiderable extent The usual acreage was sown. Cumberland. —Officials.of the West ern Maryland Railway system, of Bal timore, this city, Hagerstown and other points, left here for Chicago to be present at the hearing before the United States Railway Labor Board concerning the contract for motive power department and malntenance-of way work between the railway com pany and the Dickson Construction and Repair Company. Aberdeen. —A wreck occurred on the Pennsylvania Railroad at Aberdeen when the brakes of a north-bound freight were applied too suddenly, it Is said, breaking the air shaft between the cars, derailing a coal car and a box car. The coal car was driven un der the box car and the concussion was heard all over this town. A crowd gathered and a wrecking crew came from Perryville. Trains were run for two hours on the southbound track. Hagerstown.—That Councilmen and other city authorities who fall to obey the edicts of the Ministerial Associa tion of Hagerstown will be fittingly punished at election time was forcibly impressed upon the City Council by a delegation of both organizations which appeared before the Council to protest the repeal of an ordinance which prohibits public exhibitions of boxing. The Rev. William M. Nor ment, pastor of the First Christian Church, headed the delegation and de nounced boxing exhibitions as degrad ing and unnecessary. He introduced the Rev. F. Perry Plummer, pastor of St. Paul’s United Brethren Church. Centreville. —Confronted by the nec essity of providing for increased ex penditures approximately $17,000 and governed by a new- State-wide school law which fixes 67 cents as the mini mum rate which may be established by any county for educational purposes, the Board of County Commlseioners have announced the Queen Anne’s county tax rate for 1922. It is $1.42 on each SIOO. The county rate for 1922 is 75 cents on each SIOO, the same as last year. The school rate is 67 cents on each SIOO. Last year the rate was 66 cent*.