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"v * S Gloom in the Far Worttjlahrf Fo&.. lows Death of Missionary. WILL NOT FORGET HIS WORK M From Kansas to Arctic John Henry Kllbuck Carried the Gospel, Sav ing Lives and Winning Love of Natives. •Jnheaa. —There is gloom among the natives in Alaska today. From Point Barrow —the farthest north —to Metlakatla and Juneau in the south; from the headwaters of the Kuskokwim and Yukon down to the sea, is traveling forth the word that “Kllbuck is dead.” Everywhere the news permeates, there follows sad ness. Grown men and women among the Eskimos and Indians grieve like children. All because the “most loved man beyond 54-40” is no more. For more than four decades John Henry Kilbuck, Muncie Indian of the old Delaware nation that roamed over Pennsylvania before the days of Washington and William Penn, had been intimately associated with the Klinkits and Takus of southeastern Alaska, or the Eskimos and breed tribes around J oint Barrow. With his pale-face wife he was guardian, counselor, spiritual guide and friend. Will Not forget Him. But the-country which John Kilbuck played such an important part in de veloping will not forget him. The thousands of reindeer that roam the tundras under the watchful eye of their native shepherds, will forever remind the natives of him. It was JSilbuck who, at the request of the States government, introduced reindeer propagation in Alaska, and by so doing he banished the specter of famine that periodically wiped out entire tribes when the hard times* came and the winters closed in before they were prepared. Akjak and Bethel, both founded by the Moravian missionary, some day may grow into flourishing cities when Alaska comes into its own. And they will cherish his memory. Doings of missionaries, as a rule, make rather tame reading. But the activities of John Kilbuck and ids wife were not confired to strictly spir itual things. Four different times did the Kil bucks go “below” with the intention of spending their declining years in the States. And four times they went back. The call was irresistible. The last time—it was to have been different. With all the best intentions, accentuated by memories of past fail ures to keep good resolutions —the pioneer torchbearers of civilization re solved to spend their declining years near the homes of their forefathers— on the Chippewa Indian reservation down In Kansas. Deep down in their hearts, however, they had a “hunch” that the North would win. It always had. So the North Won Again. In their little white and green cot tage, nestling in the Chippewa hills and overlooking the placid Marais des Cygnes river in eastern Kansas the Kilbucks were waiting. Waiting for word that the break-up in the Yukon and Kaskokwim was about to begin. They had reached their decision. “They need us. The Influenza has reached Alaska. If it gets into the interior before we do nobody knows what will happen. Thousands may perish. Their deer, now numbering | thousands, will be cast adrift over the j Sun Yat Sen Welcomed at Kweilin Sun Yat Sen, head of the government of South China at Canton, may now be induced to submit to the Peking government, since General Chang, whose cause he espoused, has been defeated. The photograph shows Dr. Sun being welcomed oy the citizens of Kweilin after his army took possession of that city. ” 1 ■ FIND YOUTH IS GOOD BANK RISK * Boy and Girl Borrowers in Washing ton Meet Obligations Promptly, Say Officials. Wenatchee, Wash. —Boy and girl borrowers are said to be more prompt in meeting their obligations to banks than the general run of creditors, ac cording to bankers who have been ad vancing money to further the interests Marries 62 Couples in 150 Minutes. New York. —Marrying 62 couples in 150 minutes, Deputy City Clerk James J. McCormick, set a new knot-tying record. He devoted on an average of less than two and one-half minutes to each couple. In this time he had them ushered into the chapel, married them, and sent them on their way. Religion is the ballast that will keep your vessel from turning turtle during the heaviest storm on the sea \ot life. tundras —prey to wolves and wild dogs ‘antfequally unscrupulous ‘breeds.’ ” SV\Vlth the first word of the thaw ■they took a steamer out of Seattle. They arrived none too soon. Influ enza already was taking its toll. But they did get there in time to save hundreds. The Kilbucks took up their work where they had left off upon their de parture for the States. They were just whipping things into shape and getting comfortably settled for the last chapter of their life’s book when pneumonia and typhoid, diseases from which they had saved thousands of Uncle Sam’s little Indian wards, struck home. In three days Kllbuck was dead. It was back in 1885 that John Kil buck and his white wife arrived in Alaska. He had just graduated from the Moravian Missionary school at Nazareth, Pa., where he had been sent by a Christian worker among the Kansas Indians. It took years to gain the confidence of the Alaska natives, but patience and kindness finally won and now no name is better known or more beloved among the Alaska Indians or Eskimos than Kilbuck, Gets Recipes of Cannibals * English Woman Novelist Learns Ways of New Guinea Epicures During Long Sojourn. THEIR MANNERS ARE PRAISED Says Hypnotism Prevails Among Na tives to An Extent Appearing In credible —Position of Women Is Deplorable. London. —Miss Beatrice Grlmshaw, (he well known novelist, who has been 15 years in the Soutn Sea islands, has returned from New Guinea. As an indication of the wilderness and the unknown character of the vast tracts of territory comprising that country she mentioned that quite recently the missionaries, with the aid of airplanes, had discovered a valley containing 10,- 000 people whose existence had not even been suspected. They were found to be living at an altitude where it was imagined that human life could not endure. She had a wonderful sto ry to tell of her experiences. To a representative of the Evening Standard she said : “New Guinea is one of the most noteworthy countries in the world, and a great deal of it has never been explored by white people. Within a certain distance the government has done a great deal, but there are stretches in which cannibal tribes live to themselves. Many, however, are induced to work on the plantations, and the cannibals are certainly the fin est native workers, because of their physical development and their de meanor. But cannibalism flourishes, and the people who practice it do not regard it as wrong. In the Interior cannibals live to themselves, and it Is only when they come under British jurisdiction that their cannibalistic tendencies are checked. One gets so accustomed to this question of canni balism that it is accepted almost as a I of pig, garden and canning clubs in the northwest. One bank in Pullman, which has been making these loans since 1917, states not one borrower has failed to pay his note. The loans are made up to SSO to each creditor, with a first mortgage on the chattel with the cash and one adult endorser. One northwest bank reports having . OBJECT TO WOMEN IN THE DANCE s H I Girls Appear on Stage Against Age f Old Traditions of Japan and 0 Cause Big Sensation. a l > Tokyo.—A sensation has been caused in “no” dance circles by the effort of women to be allowed to 1 participate In this most exclusive and e highest form of Japanese entertain -1 ments, the performers in which have heretofore been confined to men. Re- AUTOMATIC LIGHTHOUSE u . - , w - i- j < jP** New automatic lighthouse recently completed at Barry Holmes Gower, England. The only attention It needs is to be replenished once in two years with chemicals. When the actinic light value reaches a certain degree it lights Itself, and when the daylight reaches a corresponding degree, it ex tinguishes itself. matter of course. I know the cookery recipes now as to the best methods of preparing human food. Huge Stove Oven Used. “In one part of the country there is a stone oven six feet long dug Into a side of a hill for the purpose of stealing with the victims. The inhab itants of one village may attack an other. The prisoners are tortured ter ribly, and thfen eaten. One method is to take out their eyes and then roast the body alive in the traditional three legged caldron. The cannibals break the bones and legs of their victims be forehand sometimes, and then let the body lie in a running stream, which method, they believe, makes the meat more tender. The odd feature of it all is that the most determined canni bals are extremely well-mannered, and in all other respects are the best work ers you can find. As to whether can nibalism springs from the love of hu man flesh or is merely a rituai one cannot say. I think che cannibals real ly like the human flesh. But you can not get them to talk about it. “Sorcery has a remarkable hold on the people in this country, and the occult powers that are displayed can only be regarded by white people as amusing. The natives even have a sorcerers’ university where natives are taught for a period of two years. Sorcerers can carry poisonous and dangerous snakes In their hair, and can train them to bite people, leaving them loose in a house, and it is eveu possible, it is said, to make a snake bite a particular person. Equally ex traordinary are the powers possessed by conjurors. “I believe these natives understand hypnotism from end to end. They do table-turning with a sort of alligator shaped image. They ask questions of spirits, and see blue lights. This hap pens in the Gulf country. The power of hypnotism is used to an extent that seems barely credible, but there is no doubt, to my mind, that certain natives are believed to hypnotize whole audiences, and they do it in one instance by means of a dance of the most peculiar character. I have seen this dance, and the extraordinary effect of it. The performer apparently dominates the whole of the room by his actions. The effect of the dancing is that hypnosis on a massed scale like this can be induced in the wierdest possible way. “Several people have tried to inves tigate the meaning of the mind, but they have not succeeded. It is quite obvious that the natives are saturated in hypnotism as a result of the prac tice of many centuries, which enables them to do all sorts of things that to us are always inexplicable. I do not admire spiritualism or hypnotism, and I am rather glad to find that it has its roots among savages. “The position of women Is deplor able. They are in effect slaves. Mar riage is by purchase, and it is usually dependent on the number of pigs that can be offered by the bridegroom to | the bride’s parents. The pig, in fact, is thought to be of very much more ; value than the wife.” i > li Tree That Grew Apples ij Now Produces Cherries |j jl A tree that produced apples ji last year and Is tilled with cher- j> ;• ries this year, is the unusual ;; sight on the William Bagley ][ I I farm, near Onancock, Del. The 1; I tree was one of several pur- |j chased from a nursery, and was 1[ bought for an apple tree. In I; every appearance it is an apple 1| tree. Last year it bore for the I| first time three tine apples. This I! year the tree is filled with cher- 11 ries and not a sign of an apple, jl I <|> * I • - made loans this spring to seventy three boys raising pigs. The total loans of $3,400 are secured by property worth ten times as much, should the season’s work prove suc cessful to the boys. Johannesburg, South Africa, is al most the crest on “the Rond,” a 50- mlle ridge of gold-bearing conglom erate. The world’s greatest stream of gold flowed from this region since 1900, when production passed that of all North America. al cently a number of women did appear on a “no” dance stage at Ura on Awajl island, the result being a pro test meeting was held. For seven centuries men have held this monopoly, the dance somewhat oh the line of the Russian ballet, in that the dance is the performance of a play, being performed by them. In old days only the aristocracy was allowed to witness the dance The and Skirt Combined When we combine a separate skirt with an extra blouse we are doing just as individual a thing as when we make a dress, asserts a fashion writer in the New York Times. Time was when the blouse inevitably was white and the skirt dark. Then came the chiffon and crepe blouses patterned after their white predecessors. But now we have reached an era where, though we accept the idea of separating the two, we still insist upon having them more of one color and one single line. If we admit a white shirtwaist into our wardrobe, then we are apt to cover it with a jumper dress, a sleeve less coat, a sweater made either with or without sleeve portions. We are New Blouse With Skirt That Buttons to Low Waistband. not admitting very generally the white shlrwalst unless It is in some way re lieved by other and semi-covering ac cessories. But there are blouses and separate waists which charm in their own individual ways, for they stand out as new and pleasant creations bet ter suited to the needs and the tastes of the modern woman than any white shirtwaists. We hear, again and again, that the blouse as a separate entity has dis appeared so far as fashion is con cerned, but this is not an adequate statement. There are still blouses ga lore to be had and to be designed, but they are newer and better things— waists, in fact, that tit in with a new conception of dress in general. Skirts Outwear Waists. Without some sort of a separate blouse no wardrobe can be built along altogether economical lines, for the fact remains that skirts wear longer than any filmy waist, and if we are to have full length dresses without any notice taken of the separate waist, then many of the skirt por tions of our frocks will have to be cast Into the scrap heap long before there is any necessity. If one has a separate skirt then one chooses blouses that will match it In tone if not In actual color; that will harmonize with the texture of the skirt and help in carrying out Its gen eral character. Take a black silk plaited skirt for instance. Well, that is a foundation for many frocks useful at all seasons of the year, but the minute any old waist is worn with the skirt, just be cause one is a waist and the other a skirt, then bad results follow and the wearer is likely to class herself vith those dressing in the fashions of the late nineties. If the waist and the skirt are Judged as related to each other; if the first works into the scheme of the second, then the owner is on the way to have a costume which will be eminently satisfactory in all respects. When she appears again in that skirt with another bodice harmonizing in some other and original way, no ne will think of suspecting that the old skirt is not new. Some well-dressed women regard this principle of dress seriously when planning their wardrobes. Combina tion makes variety possible and with a slight expenditure any woman may add a fresh and inspiring dress to her wardrobe. Even two or three may be added, and so on indefinitely until the limits of her designing originality have been exhausted. Separate Collars and Cuffs. The separate skirt with the shirt waist and sweater is a combination which, especially in this summer sea son. is almost inevitable in every ward robe. It can be good, and it can be very bad. Nowadays, sweaters are taking the place,,qf„ blouses, for they are worn with separate collars and cuffs, or with “false fronts.” This fashion offers all sorts of opportuni ties and quaint and beautiful combina tions of color. With one skirt and several sweaters a woman may be ready for many occasions. The pret- FASHION NOTES OF INTEREST Crosswise draperies have taken a definite hold on the mode. Many of the loveliest of new frocks are wearing their drapings at an angle. Acting upon the advices from Paris, the newest sleeve movement stresses the unusual shaping that indicates width in the elbow, with cuff in mous quetaire fit. A fad of the moment is the making of wide girdles with wool or silk cross stitch designs. They are designed par ticularly for linen gowns and are very attractive. Silver with bright red is a new com bination which is being used much. Silver cire lace frocks are quite often made over bright red slips. Occasion ally one sees such a frock worn over a gray slip. Do not overlook the vogue of the matching coat and hat. or dress and hat. for the child. Real distinction may be given to the simplest little gingham frock for warm-weather wear by being accompanied by a little self fabric hat, and the coat or cape that tiest of all are the thin knitted sweat ers with their pastel colorings and their interesting array of stitches, which give them character and tone. This is a season of white, and the white sweater with the colored skirt or the white sweater with the white skirt is a combination which has everything to recommend it. If the wearer needs a touch of contrast with the general whiteness, then put on a brilliant hat or a wide-brimmed black one. Many of the newer sweaters are striped in crosswise fashion. When this is the case the prettiest and most feminine of colors are used In com bination. For instance, one has alter nating stripes of violet, mauve and or chid blending into wide and deep cream-colored stripes. It is worn with a violet crepe skirt, and together they form a subtle combination that, with a suitable hat, is ready for afternoon or morning at any country club. The yellow sweaters have made the greatest hit of all, for not only are they knitted in that most fashionable of colorings, but they have a coolness and freshness about them that hardly any other coloring of wool could hope to attain in warm weather. There is a saying that wool is cooling during heated spells. That may or may not be so, but, at any rate, the yellow tones have away of looking cool, and that, after all, is half the battle. The Long-Waisted Blouse. Then there is the long-waisted blouse worn over the hips and from which the separate skirt hangs in away that makes it a part of the blouse itself. These are desirable in jersey and flan nel and in some of the heavier crepe silks —designated as pastime silks. These blouses are more in the nature of smocks, but It is Interesting to see that they have become very much a part of the modern wardrobe. In other words, the smock has really en tered the field of legitimate fashion as long as it is made with some idea of the demand of real smartness. For the tweed skirts and those made of the looser homespun materials, as well as for the cotton ratine skirts, there are blouses which reach below the hips and then button on the skirt by a series of large pearl buttons. One of these is made of shantung in the natural coloring and the bands at the front are of a blue and green thick embroidery. The skirt is one of those soft gray heather blues in a homespun weave and it buttons to the shantung bodice in the way just de scribed. At the normal waistline a belt made of shantung is attached to a little black bone buckle and drawn snugly about the waist to give the blouse shape and form. For an outfit of this sort there can be many sorts of blouses —those of pique, those of heavy crepe silk, those of shantung made up in other styles. But they must all be made with big buttons so that they can be attached to the skirt at a moment’s notice. This is one of the newer ways of mak ing the separate blouse, and it has re ceived a welcome, especially among the younger set, that has put it on The Popular Striped Sweater With Fringed Homespun Skirt. the high road to more general popular ity in the future. Some of the girls are having loose box coats or little, short capes, made to match the skirt and to be worn with the dress when the occasion demands. Has Loose Side Panels. The more dressy type of waist and skirt combined is featured by the soft chiffon dress done in that new tone of tan that looks more like cafe au lalt. The skirt is of a fine and light qual ity of crepe de chine in that coloring. It has loose side panels which fall away gracefully from the foundation skirt. The blouse is made of the same material. It slips down over the hips where it is held In place by a se ries of cordings forming themselves into a wide and more or less confin ing band. has its own special chapeau is smart, indeed. To brighten gold braid give it a thor ough brushing, then sprinkle powdered alum all over it and let it stay on for two or three days. Then brush it off well. Dotted Swiss frocks are usually trimmed with mere touches of simple embroidery and again plain Swiss is frequently used, or net lace or plain bands of net set on the edges of rutiles on sleeves. Fashionable Frock. Crepe and hemstitched organdies were prettily blended on a frock seen recently. Sand canton crepe formed the larger part of the dress, which was made with many long ribbonlike panels of the crepe, falling below the hem of the skirt. Triangular Insets of white organdie extended from girdle to hip. Broad bands of organdie bordered the wide sleeves wr.ile a nar row collar and fichu of it finished *he neck. i|: Persevering | ;i; Prayer | i|; By REV. JOHN C. PAGE i|! 1 i Teacher of Bible Doctrine, Moody !j! ;J; Bible Institute, Chicago. Jj; TEXT—Ask and ye shall receive, seek and ye shall find, knock and it shall ne opened unto you.—Matt. 7:7. “Ask,” “Seek,” “Knock.” With such words as these our Lord encourages §us to pray and i answer to prayer | You may write a | letter to a friend celved promising the necessary aid whenever you a t call for it, but it ■Sk 4k. is not yet In youi k llPli actual posses sion. You con tinue the quest by calling at the house of your friend, but even when you reach the door you do not possess the gift. Then you knock and are ad mitted and receive the reward of per severing prayer. You asked, sought, knocked and obtained. In modern terms you “prayed through.” This does not exclude ejaculatory prayer such as that of Nehemiah who, in an emergency, lifted his heart to God with earnest desire. The two go to gether as will be clearly seen by a comparison of Nehemiah 1:5-ll with Nehemiah 2:4. For faithful persevering prayer ■there is a personal and pressing need. A recent writer says: “There is an awakening in knowledge and general interest among the people but there is no corresponding awakening to God and His claims. The cry among the spiritual of all lands Is for rain. They recognize the drought. There may be a divergence of view as to the cause or causes, but there is agreement as to the fact of a great need. Many churches are held together by custom or respectability. The stream of di vine life and Joy is not coursing through our congregations.” This need is not the supreme incen tive to persevering prayer; there is a stronger incentive than this, namely, that our Lord wants us to pray. This fact constitutes a call to prayer. Con sider this until you feel its drawing pow r er. Jesus Christ, the Captain of our salvation, locking over the field of battle, seeing the spiritual forces that oppose, and knowing, as He alone can know, the value of inter cession, bids us pray perseveringly. “Ask and ye shall receive, seek and ye shall find, knock and it shall be opened unto you.” We may not have a vivid sense of the world's need. We may not know the philosophy of prayer or the process by which forces are set in operation in answer to prayer, but this" much we may know and believe—He wants us to pray. Not in feeling, or moods, or disposi tions must we find the impulse to pray, but in the counsel and call of the great Commander who says: “Ask and ye shall receive, seek and ye shall find, knock and it shall be opened unto you.” The chief hindrance to prayer is unbelief. Of us, as of Israel, it may be said: “They could not enter in be cause of distrust.” The simplicity of prayer confounds the worldly-wise, and as another has said: “Because it offers or seems to offer away out of difficulties which appears to be too easy, we are apt to discount its operations and to regard it as mainly a theoretical proposition. But let the skeptic sneer and the worldly-wise scoff and the doubter doubt or deny the power of prayer, the child of God must know on the authority of His Lord that he is called to a life of persevering prayer. Christ, who is the Wisdom of God and the Power of God has said: “Ask and ye shall re ceive, seek and ye shall find, knock and it shall be opened unto you.” The late Dr. Andrew Murray once wrote the following words concerning prayer: “The honor to which God calls us as Intercessors is simply in conceivable. All Heaven is waiting for the prayers of His church to bring down the blessings that are stored up there for us, and that God is longing to bestow. If ministers and Chris tians could but be brought to realize that God hqs actually made the com ing of His kingdom and the pouring down of blessing dependent on our faithfulness in prayer, they surely would begin to feel that prayer is, In very deed, the highest expression of our allegiance to God, and the chief power that we can exercise in bring ing Christ’s salvation to men.” There Is an eye that never sleeps Beneath the wing of night; There is an ear that never shuts, When sink the beams of light. There Is an arm that never tires. When human strength gives way; There is a love that never falls. When earthly loves decay. That eye Is fixed on seraph throngs: That ear Is filled with angels’ songs; That arm upholds the world on high; That love Is throned beyond the sky. But there’s a power which men can wield wield When mortal aid Is vain. That eye, that arm, that love to reach, That listening ear to gain; That power is prayer, which soars on high. And feeds on bliss beyond the sky. On the Adorning of Women. Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting hair, and of wearing gold, or of putting on ap parel ; but let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not cor ruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.—l Peter 3:3, 4 Jesus Rebuketh the Devil. And the devil said unto him, if thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread. And Jesus an swered him, saying. It is written. That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God. —Luke 4:3, 4. Doing God's Will. “Patient waiting is often the highest way of doing God’s will; men pray for patience. God gives the grace of perseverance, for that is patience in action. Bad for Patronage. “How many movie theaters in Chig gersville?” “Three,” said Squire Witherbee. “I suppose they are always crowd ed?” “Not always. Sometimes the Ladies Uplift society recommends a film and business falls oft considerably.” How Could She? Doctor —Deep breathing, you under stand. destroys microbes. Patient —But, doctor, how can I force them to breathe deeply?” iiiiiimiimiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiimmiimiiiiiiiiiiiimiimiiiiiiiiiiiinimiiiimiimimiiiiiiii LEARN OF MARKET CONDITIONS BEFORE DISPOSING OF TIMBER mmimmmiimimmimmmmiimiimm (Prepared by the United States Department p of Agriculture.) Woodland owners many times are | confronted with the problem of when i to sell standing timber and when to I cut it for use on the farm. Experience has demonstrated that in some localities it unquestionably pays the farmer better at all times to sell, particularly the more valuable kinds of wood. For example, in the central hardwood region farmers sell their select yellow poplar trees profitably and with the money buy and haul back to the farm for distances of from four to eight miles southern pine sid ing for their houses and barns. On the other hand, there are too often Instances where one finds choice white oak of the best quality, suitable for veneer or furniture stock sawed up into posts for the farm. Keep in Touch With Market. It would be well for the owner to keep in touch with market conditions, so he may market his product to the best advantage. With rarely an ex Logging One’s Own Timber Gives Profitable Employment to Farmer and His Teams. ception the timber is not dying, decay ing or “going back” by fungus or In sect attack at the rapid rate alleged by buyers, who, obviously, desire to buy as cheaply as possible. Unless it is overmature it is increasing yearly in volume and value. Cutting during the early period of growth, says the United States De partment of Agriculture, often repre sents a real sacrifice in financial re turns. The approximate age at which trees should be cut in order to obtain the highest returns a year is very different for different species. Thus cottonwood, ash, hickory and yellow poplar become commercially valuable at much earlier ages than white oak and black walnut. When other farm work is least pressing many farmers find it profit able to turn their attention to estimat ing, measuring, cutting, marketing and selling their timber. Spare help and time to supervise the work make the winter a favorable season for this. It Is easier to haul logs on the snow than over ordinary roads, and the logs are less liable than at any other time of the year to deteriorate quickly through attacks of insects or fungi. Best Method of Selling. , The choice of methods of selling de pends largely upon the kind of timber and the owner’s knowledge of its value, his past experience and the condition of the market. Timber prod ucts are sold either in the standing tree or in a more or less roughly man ufactured condition. Except when sold by the lot or lump, sales are based upon a measure by log scale or lumber tally or upon individual count of units of designated size or char acter. Timber sold by the lot, boundary, or tract Is either “lumped oft” to include a designated tract or sold on an acre age basis. This method has prevailed over all others, particularly In the rougher and less-settled districts. As a rale It is strongly favored by the purchaser because in such a transac tion his better knowledge of both tim ber yields and values gives him an advantage over the average owner. Many examples of the sacrifice by the owner of a large share of the value of the timber can be found In nearly any wooded region. On ac count of greater competition among purchasers and a better understanding on the part of the owners of timber values, sales of standing timber by the lot or lump are now being made with better profit than formerly. In using this method it Is very lin GAS-TAR WILL PROTECT CONCRETE Bureau of Public Roads Gives Re sults of Tests. Fluid By-Product of Artificial Gas Plants Proven Satisfactory in Preserving Drain Tile Against Alkali. (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) In its search for a means of pro tecting Portland cement concrete against the action of alkaline waters, the bureau of public roads, United States Department of Agriculture, an nounces promising results from treat ment with a very fluid crude, water-gas tar, such as may be obtained as a by product from many artificial gas plants. So successful have the tests been that further investigations of the alkali-resisting properties ef tar treated concrete and mortar are under way and the protective effect of wa ter gas tar on mass concrete struc tures is being studied. The treatment consists of simply im mersing the concrete in the liquid, which is soaked up, even by a dense concrete. Cement drain tile treated in this way and stored' from six to eight months in a strong alkali solu tion have shown no indication of dis integration, and samples tested for tensile strength were as strong as those stored in pure water. On the other hand, untreated samples showed /< Spray Walnut Trees. Spraying walnut trees with lead ai senate at a strength of 6 pounds to 50 gallons of water is an effective method of controlling the butternut curculio, says the bureau of entomo logy of the United States Departmer,* of Agriculture. Small Farm Incomes. Small farms, small yields froi crops and stock and scrub livestock are three conditions that are prett. | closely cousins to smol' farm incomes ' iiiiiiiiiiiiiimmmimmimmmm mil I portant, In advance of the sale, first to secure a good estimate of the quan- I tlty, quality and unit value of each I kind of product In the stand; then to get bids from as many buyers as possible: and, finally, to have an reement clearly specifying the re strictions In regard to the manner and amount of cutting so as not to Impair the producing power of the forest. The sale may Include only trees above a specified minimum diameter, or such trees as have been previously marked by the owner for cutting. AVhen prop erly safeguarded, this becomes one of the safest and most satisfactory of all methods of selling and should receive full consideration when sales are con templated. Place Restrictions. Selling by lump eliminates the anx iety and misunderstandings attending sales by log-scale measurement. If competition is keen, It Is likely that nearly or quite the full value of the timber will be reached In the bids. By this method, however, the owner fore- goes the opportunity of profitable em ployment for’himself and his teams which he would have if he logged the material and sold It after hauling It to the mill or shipping point. Unless restricted by the terms of the agreement, the buyer usually cuts very closely. Selling by the lot is therefore a good method to use where the owner intends to clear the land for other uses. But if the land Is to be kept in timber, the owner should include provisions in the contract of sale to retain the young, vigorous growing timber and provide for a fu ture crop. The Importance of care In cutting, on account of Its effect upon succeeding growth and production of the stand, can hardly be overstated. GOOD POULTRY SUGGESTIONS Of Great Importance That Feeding Utensils Be Kept Absolutely Clean—Other Hints. “Watch the feeding utensils” Is a | suggestion of more importance than most poultry raisers realize. The water basins are of great importance because many contagious diseases may be spread through the drinking water. Wash and scald all water ba sins once a week. Each morning when filling the water basins empty all the old water out and rinse the basins before refilling. Place the basins well off the ground so that the birds will not scratch straw and dirt Into the water. Locate the food hop pers so that they will be perfectly dry at all times. Other important suggestions as to good sanitation are: 1. Be sure that the birds have plenty of fresh air. 2. Sunlight is a good germicide. 3. Clean yards are essential to good health. MARKETING 1922 WOOL CLIP Much Will Be Graded in Accordance With Tentative Grades Initiated by Market Bureau. Much of the 1922 wool clip will be * graded in accordance with tentative grades for wool initiated by the bureau of markets and crop estimates, United States Department of Agriculture. Id practically all sections of the country where Investigations have been made and grading demonstrations conducted It Is planned to grade and market wool co-operatively this year. # both disintegration and a loss of strength. In certain parts of the country where alkali salts exist concrete drain tile and concrete structures have been i attacked. In many such places con crete Is a very desirable material on account of the accessibility of the ma terials that go Into it. The bureau’s Investigations aim to devise means of using concrete with assurance. SELL CROPS THROUGH STOCK It Is Profitable Practice for Farmer Who Has Animals and Suit able Feeds. When to sell animals and which to get rid of is one of the problems to be settled on each farm according to conditions prevailing. In general It is sound practice for a man who has animals that he has raised and crops suitable for feed, to market the crop by feeding It to animals and selling them. Those who have followed this policy year In and year out, generally have made money and bettered their land. Saves work, saves freight, saves fer tiliy and gives you two chances for a profit—one on your crop and another on the manufactured product —fat animals. Just now crop prices are low and so are animal prices, hut that makes it better than an even break for the feeder. Salt for Poultry. Salt Is necessary to the health ol all animals and poultry Is no excep tion to this rule. In some instances the food supplied to the fowls contains a sufficient quantity of salt, but in most cases moderate quantities of sail can be fed to the birds to advantage. Plan for Weaning Pigs. It is always a good plan to have your pigs eating readily before weaning. It is also a very good plan not to have too many weanlings in one pen oi 1 bouse.