Newspaper Page Text
WAR CHAIRMAN OF PRODUCTION TO HALT OUTPUT War Production Chairman Nelson said pending conversion orders, plus those already issued, will virtually halt production of civilian durable goods within the next two months. He said chief current bottlenecks in conversion are machine tool shortages and difficulties in expanding indus trial facilities. Chairman Nelson said expenditures for munitions and war construction during March exceeded $2,500 million, with an additional SSOO million for pay and subsistence. He reported steel plate shipments in March set an alltime record. In the first seven days of April, he said, 444 labor-man agement committees reported they had voluntarily organized to get War Production Drives underway in their plants. The War Department an nounced it will place a liason officer at each Federal Reserve Bank to ex pedite the program of arranging Gov ernment-guaranteed loans for small businesses in war production. President Roosevelt, acting under the Second War Powers Act, author ized the WPB, War, Navy and Treas ury Departments, Maritime Commis sion and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation to inspect war plants and to audit their books. The inspections will aim to avoid waste of Govern ment funds and to implement meas ures which have been undertaken to forestall price increases. The Presi dent’s Committee on Fair Employ ment Practice ordered 10 large com panies to cease discriminating against workers because of race or religion. The WPB prohibited unauthorized residential construction costing more than SSOO except for maintenance and repair, agricultural construction of more than SI,OOO, and all other con struction costing more than $5,000. The Board prohibited sale, purchase, delivery or withdrawal from inventory of any construction material for such purposes. Projects of certain Govern ment agencies and those to restore property destroyed by fire or floods were made exempt from the order. Local Federal Housing Administra tion officers will determine whether construction projects are eligible for recommendation to the WPB. Appeals from decisions of local FHA officers may be made to a board composed of the administrator of the order, a rep resentative of labor and a third mem ber who will represent the end pro duct branch of the WPB within whose jurisdiction the class of project would fall. The WPB ordered a reduction in gasoline deliveries to filling stations in 17 Eastern States, the District of Columbia, Washington and Oregon, effective April 16, from the current four-fifths to two-thirds of the aver age amounts they received in Decem ber, January and February. Petro leum Coordinator Ickes said the re duction may remove the necessity for card rationing of gasoline. Mr. Ickes announced the relocation of 1,400 miles of pipelines to increase East coast oil supplies. The Board also prohibited the installation of new liquefied petroleum gas equipment. The WPB curtailed radical style changes in women’s clothes and order ed manufacturers and dressmakers to eliminate excessive trimming in order to save an estimated 100 million yards of material. The Board ordered pro duction of golf 'clubs halted May 31, and limited amounts of tinplate for canning condensed soups. The Board authorized manufacture this year of 18,000 freight cars and 300 locomo tives in addition to 36,000 freight cars and 926 locomotives previously au thorized. It ordered production of 17-35-horsepower tractors halted Sep tember 1. The Ofifce of Price Administration postponed the date for rationing type writers from April 13 to April 20 be cause some congested areas had not received supplies of application forms and certificates. The OPA also broad, ened the eligibility base for purchase And Your Strength and | Energy Is Below Par It may be caused by disorder of kid- * ney function that permits poisonous wast° to accumulate. For truly many people fo l tired, weak ana miserable when the kidneys fat! to remove excess acids and other w.v.'.e matter from the blood. You may suffer nagging backache, rheumatic pains, headaches, dizzinese. getting up niglus, leg pains, swelling. Sometimes frequent and scanty urina tion with smarting and burning is an other sign that something is wrong with the kidneys or bladder. There should be no doubt that prompt treatment is wiser than neglect. Use Doan's Pills. It is better to rely on a medicine that has won countrywide ap proval than on something less favorably known. Doan’s have been tried and test ed many years. Are at all drug stores. Get Doan's today. EO3H2IP of new and used machines. The WPB ordered all production of medium and , heavy trucks for civilian use discon-1, tinued after existing quotas have been completed. The OPA said defense workers may obtain recapped tires for their cars only when no other means of trans portation to their jobs is available. The agency said Army and Navy In telligence officers and FBI agents are exempt from regulations requiring names, addresses and occupations to j be published of all who get tire pur-j; chase certificates. The WPB granted additional sugar quotas for April to more than 40 defense areas whose population had increased 10 percent or more during the past year. The Board also said tanners and packers may obtain quota-exempt sugar for the original canning of fruits and vegetables. The Labor Department reported the average family food bill advanced 1.5 J percent from February 17 to March 1 17. The OPA authorized increased prices of one cent on each five pounds of sugar in six New England States to offset increased transportation costs. The agency also authorized motor fuel retailers in 17 Eastern States, Washington. Oregon and the | District of Columbia to charge three j cents a gallon more than wholesale j prices. The Office stated uncontrolled i inflation would add an additional SIOO j billion to the nation’s war bill. Numerically superior Japanese j troops on Bataan Peninsula finally i broke through the lines of approxi mately 36,000 American and Filipino defenders, weakened as a result of short rations since January 11. Most of the defenders, well supplied with arms and ammunition, were success- i fully evacuated to Corregidor Island j where they set up a new defense. Cor- j regidor was subjected to continuous: bombardment by the Japanese. The Navy reported total naval loss-j es inflicted on the Japanese by Amer ican forces from December 7 to Ap ril 11 included 23 warships sunk, 13 possibly sunk, and 23 damaged, and 53 noncombatant ships sunk, 14 pos sibly sunk, and 15 damaged. The Na- j vy announced the sinking of 15 more I United Nations’ merchant ships off i the Atlantic coast. Navy Secretary Knox said the inshore patrol had ben strengthened, however, and by May 1 damage inflicted by enemy submarines in the Atlantic “will be negligible.” The Navy said it will train 40,000 men annually in three types of pri , farm for VICTORY your Government needs TOMATOES - BEANS SOY BEANS You can speed the Victory, you can holster the Defense if you help grow the Food essential for Uncle Sam's Arm ed Forces and for the other hundred of thousands work ing in Defense. Yours is a Big Job and it takes you to do it. Do not leave it for your neighbor or the farmer in New Y 7 ork or Cal ifornia. Produce here on your farm with vour labor, your land, your equipment. All of it is needed. ©Always be careful of seed—particularly this year—get your soils in the best possible condition and protect the crop at the proper time with spraying. Use fertilizer best suited to the crop you are growing and your soil. Use fertilizer conservatively—every pound of fertilizer is needed to assist in the war effort. I Worcester is anxious to assist you in growing the highest yields from the acres you plant. We can supply you with the mixture that suits the crop and suits your soil. We recommend in general the following grades for the following crops:— Pom a toes: 4-8-10: 5-10-5; 5-8-12. Beans: 5-10-5. Sov Beans: 0-12-12. 4*B-10 Worcester has other grades to meet particular conditions. 11 j See Your Worcester Agent the Worcester Fertilizer Co. SNOW HILL, MD. WORCESTER DEMOCRAT, POCOMOKE CITY, MARYLAND vately-operated schools; elementary electricity and radio material, visual signaling, and radio operators. Twen ty-one such schools are scheduled to start classes by June i, and 13 have already begun to turn out trained men. Secretary Knox said the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard will recruit Negro volunteers for general sendee in Reserve components as soon as a suitable training station is es tablished. The Navy asked the pub lic to use only one of two designated post office addresses in writing the naval pei’sonnel outside this country —Cjo Postmaster, New York, and Cjo Postmaster, San Francisco, whichev er is nerer the addressee. Army Chief of Staff Marshall and Special Adviser to the President Hop kins arrived in London to discuss mil itary strategy with British leaders. Army Ground Forces Commander Mc- Nair reported troops going overseas are better trained and better led than in 1917. The Senate passed a sl9 bil lion war appropriation bill carrying funds for equipment for an army of 3,600,000 men. The Army said it plans to commission 500 physicians a month for active duty with the Army Air Forces, and the Army Nurse Corps is seeking an enrollment of 10,000 nurses by the end of this year. Attorney General Biddle re ported there have been 900 convictions for violation of the Selective Service Act since October 1940 and prison terms up to five years have been im posed. President Roosevelt said he is seriously considering voluntary registration of women between 18 and 65. Funds for 3,100 airplanes were provided in a sl9 billion war appro priation bill passed by the Senate and returned to the House. The Army said it will use 25 percent of commer cial airlines’ transport planes to transport military cargoes and per sonnel. The OCD reported its Civil Air Patrol courier service along the East Coast has released Army fliers for more important duties. WPA Commissioner Hunter said WPA workers during 1941 had improved facilities at 387 airports, including 533 completed projects. For a person who is not an expert traveller it is well to keep in the suit case a list of articles used on a week end trip. If a thimble is too large cut a nar row strip of adhesive tape and apply to the inside. ATT’Y GENERAL ARGUES CASE OF LEGAL COUNSEL Attorney General Wililam (’. Walsh mid Assistant Attorney General Rob ert E. Clapp, Jr., argued early this week before the Supreme Court of the United States a ease which direct ly involves the right of an indigent person accused of crime to have coun sel appointed for him by the Court. The case, which may have far-reach ing effects throughout the entire country, is that of Smith Betts vs. Patrick J. Brady, Warden of the Pen itentiary of Maryland. Betts was accused of robbery in Carroll County, and at the time of trial, requested that the Judge ap ‘ point counsel for him as he did not have funds to employ counsel for him i self. Judge Forsythe refused to ap ; point such counsel, it being the prac | tice in the Fifth Judicial Circuit to appoint counsel only in cases where the prisoner might be subject to capi tal punishment, and at the trial Betts was found guilty, and sentenced to the Maryland Penitentiary. Subsequent to his conviction, Betts applied for a writ of habeas corpus on the ground that the 14th Amend ; ment to the Constitution of the Uni ted States had been violaed when he was refused counsel. The Honorable i Carroll T. Bond, Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals of Maryland, de clined to release Betts in a habeas corpus proceeding, and an appeal was taken to the Supreme Court from Judge Bond’s decision, and certiorari ' was granted by the Supreme Court !on February 16th of this year. ! It has long been the practice of some of the Judges in Baltimore City, i and i ncertain of the Counties, to ap | point counsel for indigent prisoners ; only in cases involving capital punish ! ment, and there are, at present, many | prisoners confined in the penal insti | tutions of the State who were tried j without having been represented by I counsel. It is therefore, quite possible that these prisoners may be released jby habeas corpus proceedings in the ! event that the Supreme Court should hold the 14th Amendment to the Con stitution of the United States requires the appointment of counsel for indig ent accused in all cases. ! It has been pointed out that, in ad ! dition to those cases in which coun sel have not been appointed by the Criminal Courts, it is well-known that in trials before Justices of the Peace and other minor tribunals, counsel sel- i dom appear, and arc- never appointed. 1 For these reasons, a decision that the Constitution of the United States re- j quires the appointment of counsel in every case where a prisoner’s liberty j is involved, will require a material. change in criminal procedure through-! out this country. Attorney General William C. Walsh and Assistant Attorney General Rob-i ert E. Clapp, Jr., represented the I State. Betts was represented by Jes se Slingluff, Jr. and G. Van Velsor j Wolf. MILLION 4-H YARDS TO HELP WIN THE WAR One million 4-H gardens! That is the • goal set by 4-H Club boys and girls on farms, and in towns, villages and j hamlets in every section of the United 1 States, to help win the war. In addition to contributing to the nation’s “food for freedom” drive, the clubsters will have the opportunity to win special recognition for meritori ous service in the national 4-H gar den contest, in which awards provided ’ by Sears, Roebuck will be given for outstanding achievements in garden j ing. These awards include coveted Defense Bonds. ■ . i Gold-filled medals will be given five representatives of the blue award group in each county. Four selected . from the county winners in a State > will receive a $25 Defense Bond. One I of the four State representatives will be considered in selecting sectional j and national winners. There will be • eight of the latter, comprising the two highest scoring participants in each ’ I of the four extension sections, each of . whom will receive an all-expense trip ;to the National 4-H Club Congress in . Chicago next November, and a SIOO Defense Bond. The contest will be [ supervised by the extension service, . j in Maryland, only boys will be eligi , ble to take part, l! MOTORISTS advised to l; COPY THE TIRE NUMBERS ; Attention is again called to the sug | gestion that motorists should copy down the numbers on their tires not ing the serial number, make and size. Gets This Kitchen... 'yov.i.or.'. Some Axis assassin? What do the Axis assassins want from us? Though they would destroy our democratic way of life surely it is not because they would have for themselves our freedoms —of speech —of press —of worship. Their record is one of plunder with aims designed to enslave the masses for the benefit of their own selfish purposes. Freedom, to them, is farcical. What they do want is our material wealth, our cars, our telephones, our bathtubs, our radios, our electric kitchens and they would first destroy our freedoms that they may then claim our material wealth. So the question remains squarely up to you who gets the autos and radios who gets the All-Electric Kitchen. YOU or some Axis assassin? And the answer is as close as the Postoffice or the nearest Bank. Defense Stamps and Bonds bought today are our guarantee that there will be a tomorrow for American Democracy. Loan Uncle Sam your dimes and dollars so he may give our boys the tools to win this fight for Freedom. EASTERN SHORE PUBLIC SERVICE Serving Vital Electric Power to the Debnarva Peninsula State Trooper John Schenell, in tailing atention to the importance of this inspection, stated that if tires are stolen the serial number, make, size an> a help in recovering the stolen articles. The stealing of automobile tires may well be considered a type of sa botage as one must be engaged in work necessary to the war effort if he is to be able to replace the tires and continue the use of his car. Dishes that are rinsed in very hot water and then drained require very little drying. Han’t apologize—this floor finish is waterproof—thanks to Davis of Baltimore floor varnish" • Now that a real varnish costs practically no more than shellac, you can enjoy a floor finish that will last and that you don’t have to worry about whenever a little water ge° on it! • For DAVIS of BALTIMORE floor varnish gives you a long lasting waterproof finish—it can even be washed without turning white or losing its gloss. It’s easier to apply than shellac and lasts four or five times as long. Yet the varnish for 150 square feet costs only about $1.50! ITT FREE: A clever little booklet , “C/wr- Tj 4! acter Analysis Through Color 99 by II Faher Birren. Come in for your copy. JJ ROGER W. LANKFORD | Pocomoke City Hardware Maryland ® i Friday, April 17, 1942 EXPERT CHICKEN THIEVES IN BALTIMORE COUNTY Chicken necks littered the yards of at least three Dundalk homes this week when a thief invaded the hen roosts of poultry men of the Dundalk section and made a haul of some 70 chickens. Apparently a specialist in the art of neck-wringing was responsible for the thefts. All of the fowls stolen were taken minus their heads. A quick twirk of the hand was all that was needed.