OCR Interpretation

Worcester Democrat and the ledger-enterprise. (Pocomoke City, Md.) 1921-1953, April 17, 1942, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89060127/1942-04-17/ed-1/seq-6/

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War Production Chairman Nelson
said pending conversion orders, plus
those already issued, will virtually
halt production of civilian durable
goods within the next two months.
He said chief current bottlenecks in
conversion are machine tool shortages
and difficulties in expanding indus
trial facilities.
Chairman Nelson said expenditures
for munitions and war construction
during March exceeded $2,500 million,
with an additional SSOO million for
pay and subsistence. He reported
steel plate shipments in March set
an alltime record. In the first seven
days of April, he said, 444 labor-man
agement committees reported they
had voluntarily organized to get War
Production Drives underway in their
plants. The War Department an
nounced it will place a liason officer
at each Federal Reserve Bank to ex
pedite the program of arranging Gov
ernment-guaranteed loans for small
businesses in war production.
President Roosevelt, acting under
the Second War Powers Act, author
ized the WPB, War, Navy and Treas
ury Departments, Maritime Commis
sion and the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation to inspect war plants and
to audit their books. The inspections
will aim to avoid waste of Govern
ment funds and to implement meas
ures which have been undertaken to
forestall price increases. The Presi
dent’s Committee on Fair Employ
ment Practice ordered 10 large com
panies to cease discriminating against
workers because of race or religion.
The WPB prohibited unauthorized
residential construction costing more
than SSOO except for maintenance and
repair, agricultural construction of
more than SI,OOO, and all other con
struction costing more than $5,000.
The Board prohibited sale, purchase,
delivery or withdrawal from inventory
of any construction material for such
purposes. Projects of certain Govern
ment agencies and those to restore
property destroyed by fire or floods
were made exempt from the order.
Local Federal Housing Administra
tion officers will determine whether
construction projects are eligible for
recommendation to the WPB. Appeals
from decisions of local FHA officers
may be made to a board composed of
the administrator of the order, a rep
resentative of labor and a third mem
ber who will represent the end pro
duct branch of the WPB within whose
jurisdiction the class of project would
The WPB ordered a reduction in
gasoline deliveries to filling stations
in 17 Eastern States, the District of
Columbia, Washington and Oregon,
effective April 16, from the current
four-fifths to two-thirds of the aver
age amounts they received in Decem
ber, January and February. Petro
leum Coordinator Ickes said the re
duction may remove the necessity for
card rationing of gasoline. Mr. Ickes
announced the relocation of 1,400
miles of pipelines to increase East
coast oil supplies. The Board also
prohibited the installation of new
liquefied petroleum gas equipment.
The WPB curtailed radical style
changes in women’s clothes and order
ed manufacturers and dressmakers to
eliminate excessive trimming in order
to save an estimated 100 million yards
of material. The Board ordered pro
duction of golf 'clubs halted May 31,
and limited amounts of tinplate for
canning condensed soups. The Board
authorized manufacture this year of
18,000 freight cars and 300 locomo
tives in addition to 36,000 freight cars
and 926 locomotives previously au
thorized. It ordered production of
17-35-horsepower tractors halted Sep
tember 1.
The Ofifce of Price Administration
postponed the date for rationing type
writers from April 13 to April 20 be
cause some congested areas had not
received supplies of application forms
and certificates. The OPA also broad,
ened the eligibility base for purchase
And Your Strength and
| Energy Is Below Par
It may be caused by disorder of kid- *
ney function that permits poisonous
wast° to accumulate. For truly many
people fo l tired, weak ana miserable
when the kidneys fat! to remove excess
acids and other w.v.'.e matter from the
You may suffer nagging backache,
rheumatic pains, headaches, dizzinese.
getting up niglus, leg pains, swelling.
Sometimes frequent and scanty urina
tion with smarting and burning is an
other sign that something is wrong with
the kidneys or bladder.
There should be no doubt that prompt
treatment is wiser than neglect. Use
Doan's Pills. It is better to rely on a
medicine that has won countrywide ap
proval than on something less favorably
known. Doan’s have been tried and test
ed many years. Are at all drug stores.
Get Doan's today.
of new and used machines. The WPB
ordered all production of medium and ,
heavy trucks for civilian use discon-1,
tinued after existing quotas have
been completed.
The OPA said defense workers may
obtain recapped tires for their cars
only when no other means of trans
portation to their jobs is available.
The agency said Army and Navy In
telligence officers and FBI agents are
exempt from regulations requiring
names, addresses and occupations to j
be published of all who get tire pur-j;
chase certificates. The WPB granted
additional sugar quotas for April to
more than 40 defense areas whose
population had increased 10 percent
or more during the past year. The
Board also said tanners and packers
may obtain quota-exempt sugar for
the original canning of fruits and
The Labor Department reported the
average family food bill advanced 1.5 J
percent from February 17 to March 1
17. The OPA authorized increased
prices of one cent on each five pounds
of sugar in six New England States
to offset increased transportation
costs. The agency also authorized
motor fuel retailers in 17 Eastern
States, Washington. Oregon and the |
District of Columbia to charge three j
cents a gallon more than wholesale j
prices. The Office stated uncontrolled i
inflation would add an additional SIOO j
billion to the nation’s war bill.
Numerically superior Japanese j
troops on Bataan Peninsula finally i
broke through the lines of approxi
mately 36,000 American and Filipino
defenders, weakened as a result of
short rations since January 11. Most
of the defenders, well supplied with
arms and ammunition, were success- i
fully evacuated to Corregidor Island j
where they set up a new defense. Cor- j
regidor was subjected to continuous:
bombardment by the Japanese.
The Navy reported total naval loss-j
es inflicted on the Japanese by Amer
ican forces from December 7 to Ap
ril 11 included 23 warships sunk, 13
possibly sunk, and 23 damaged, and
53 noncombatant ships sunk, 14 pos
sibly sunk, and 15 damaged. The Na- j
vy announced the sinking of 15 more I
United Nations’ merchant ships off i
the Atlantic coast. Navy Secretary
Knox said the inshore patrol had
ben strengthened, however, and by
May 1 damage inflicted by enemy
submarines in the Atlantic “will be
The Navy said it will train 40,000
men annually in three types of pri
farm for
your Government needs
You can speed the Victory, you can holster the Defense
if you help grow the Food essential for Uncle Sam's Arm
ed Forces and for the other hundred of thousands work
ing in Defense.
Yours is a Big Job and it takes you to do it. Do not leave
it for your neighbor or the farmer in New Y 7 ork or Cal
ifornia. Produce here on your farm with vour labor, your
land, your equipment. All of it is needed.
©Always be careful of seed—particularly this year—get
your soils in the best possible condition and protect the
crop at the proper time with spraying. Use fertilizer
best suited to the crop you are growing and your soil.
Use fertilizer conservatively—every pound of fertilizer
is needed to assist in the war effort.
Worcester is anxious to assist you in growing the highest
yields from the acres you plant. We can supply you with
the mixture that suits the crop and suits your soil.
We recommend in general the following grades for the
following crops:—
Pom a toes: 4-8-10: 5-10-5; 5-8-12.
Beans: 5-10-5. Sov Beans: 0-12-12.
4*B-10 Worcester has other grades to meet particular conditions. 11 j
See Your Worcester Agent
the Worcester Fertilizer Co.
vately-operated schools; elementary
electricity and radio material, visual
signaling, and radio operators. Twen
ty-one such schools are scheduled to
start classes by June i, and 13 have
already begun to turn out trained
men. Secretary Knox said the Navy,
Marine Corps and Coast Guard will
recruit Negro volunteers for general
sendee in Reserve components as soon
as a suitable training station is es
tablished. The Navy asked the pub
lic to use only one of two designated
post office addresses in writing the
naval pei’sonnel outside this country
—Cjo Postmaster, New York, and Cjo
Postmaster, San Francisco, whichev
er is nerer the addressee.
Army Chief of Staff Marshall and
Special Adviser to the President Hop
kins arrived in London to discuss mil
itary strategy with British leaders.
Army Ground Forces Commander Mc-
Nair reported troops going overseas
are better trained and better led than
in 1917. The Senate passed a sl9 bil
lion war appropriation bill carrying
funds for equipment for an army of
3,600,000 men. The Army said it
plans to commission 500 physicians
a month for active duty with the
Army Air Forces, and the Army
Nurse Corps is seeking an enrollment
of 10,000 nurses by the end of this
year. Attorney General Biddle re
ported there have been 900 convictions
for violation of the Selective Service
Act since October 1940 and prison
terms up to five years have been im
posed. President Roosevelt said he
is seriously considering voluntary
registration of women between 18 and
Funds for 3,100 airplanes were
provided in a sl9 billion war appro
priation bill passed by the Senate and
returned to the House. The Army
said it will use 25 percent of commer
cial airlines’ transport planes to
transport military cargoes and per
sonnel. The OCD reported its Civil
Air Patrol courier service along the
East Coast has released Army fliers
for more important duties. WPA
Commissioner Hunter said WPA
workers during 1941 had improved
facilities at 387 airports, including
533 completed projects.
For a person who is not an expert
traveller it is well to keep in the suit
case a list of articles used on a week
end trip.
If a thimble is too large cut a nar
row strip of adhesive tape and apply
to the inside.
Attorney General Wililam (’. Walsh
mid Assistant Attorney General Rob
ert E. Clapp, Jr., argued early this
week before the Supreme Court of
the United States a ease which direct
ly involves the right of an indigent
person accused of crime to have coun
sel appointed for him by the Court.
The case, which may have far-reach
ing effects throughout the entire
country, is that of Smith Betts vs.
Patrick J. Brady, Warden of the Pen
itentiary of Maryland.
Betts was accused of robbery in
Carroll County, and at the time of
trial, requested that the Judge ap
‘ point counsel for him as he did not
have funds to employ counsel for him
i self. Judge Forsythe refused to ap
; point such counsel, it being the prac
| tice in the Fifth Judicial Circuit to
appoint counsel only in cases where
the prisoner might be subject to capi
tal punishment, and at the trial Betts
was found guilty, and sentenced to
the Maryland Penitentiary.
Subsequent to his conviction, Betts
applied for a writ of habeas corpus
on the ground that the 14th Amend
; ment to the Constitution of the Uni
ted States had been violaed when he
was refused counsel. The Honorable
i Carroll T. Bond, Chief Judge of the
Court of Appeals of Maryland, de
clined to release Betts in a habeas
corpus proceeding, and an appeal was
taken to the Supreme Court from
Judge Bond’s decision, and certiorari
' was granted by the Supreme Court
!on February 16th of this year.
! It has long been the practice of
some of the Judges in Baltimore City,
i and i ncertain of the Counties, to ap
| point counsel for indigent prisoners
; only in cases involving capital punish
! ment, and there are, at present, many
| prisoners confined in the penal insti
| tutions of the State who were tried
j without having been represented by
I counsel. It is therefore, quite possible
that these prisoners may be released
jby habeas corpus proceedings in the
! event that the Supreme Court should
hold the 14th Amendment to the Con
stitution of the United States requires
the appointment of counsel for indig
ent accused in all cases.
! It has been pointed out that, in ad
! dition to those cases in which coun
sel have not been appointed by the
Criminal Courts, it is well-known that
in trials before Justices of the Peace
and other minor tribunals, counsel sel- i
dom appear, and arc- never appointed. 1
For these reasons, a decision that the
Constitution of the United States re- j
quires the appointment of counsel in
every case where a prisoner’s liberty j
is involved, will require a material.
change in criminal procedure through-!
out this country.
Attorney General William C. Walsh
and Assistant Attorney General Rob-i
ert E. Clapp, Jr., represented the I
State. Betts was represented by Jes
se Slingluff, Jr. and G. Van Velsor j
One million 4-H gardens! That is the •
goal set by 4-H Club boys and girls
on farms, and in towns, villages and j
hamlets in every section of the United
1 States, to help win the war.
In addition to contributing to the
nation’s “food for freedom” drive, the
clubsters will have the opportunity to
win special recognition for meritori
ous service in the national 4-H gar
den contest, in which awards provided
’ by Sears, Roebuck will be given for
outstanding achievements in garden
j ing. These awards include coveted
Defense Bonds.
■ . i
Gold-filled medals will be given five
representatives of the blue award
group in each county. Four selected
. from the county winners in a State
will receive a $25 Defense Bond. One
I of the four State representatives will
be considered in selecting sectional
j and national winners. There will be
• eight of the latter, comprising the two
highest scoring participants in each
’ I of the four extension sections, each of
. whom will receive an all-expense trip
;to the National 4-H Club Congress in
. Chicago next November, and a SIOO
Defense Bond. The contest will be
[ supervised by the extension service,
. j in Maryland, only boys will be eligi
, ble to take part,
MOTORISTS advised to
; Attention is again called to the sug
| gestion that motorists should copy
down the numbers on their tires not
ing the serial number, make and size.
Gets This Kitchen...
Some Axis assassin?
What do the Axis assassins want from us?
Though they would destroy our democratic way of life surely it is not
because they would have for themselves our freedoms —of speech —of
press —of worship. Their record is one of plunder with aims designed to
enslave the masses for the benefit of their own selfish purposes. Freedom,
to them, is farcical.
What they do want is our material wealth, our cars, our telephones, our
bathtubs, our radios, our electric kitchens and they would first destroy
our freedoms that they may then claim our material wealth.
So the question remains squarely up to you who gets the autos and
radios who gets the All-Electric Kitchen. YOU or some Axis assassin?
And the answer is as close as the Postoffice or the nearest Bank. Defense
Stamps and Bonds bought today are our guarantee that there will be a
tomorrow for American Democracy. Loan Uncle Sam your dimes and
dollars so he may give our boys the tools to win this fight for Freedom.
Serving Vital Electric Power to the Debnarva Peninsula
State Trooper John Schenell, in
tailing atention to the importance of
this inspection, stated that if tires are
stolen the serial number, make, size
an> a help in recovering the stolen
The stealing of automobile tires
may well be considered a type of sa
botage as one must be engaged in
work necessary to the war effort if he
is to be able to replace the tires and
continue the use of his car.
Dishes that are rinsed in very hot
water and then drained require very
little drying.
Han’t apologize—this floor
finish is waterproof—thanks to
Davis of Baltimore floor varnish"
• Now that a real varnish costs practically no more
than shellac, you can enjoy a floor finish that will
last and that you don’t have to worry about
whenever a little water ge° on it!
• For DAVIS of BALTIMORE floor varnish gives
you a long lasting waterproof finish—it can even
be washed without turning white or losing its
gloss. It’s easier to apply than shellac and lasts
four or five times as long. Yet the varnish for
150 square feet costs only about $1.50!
ITT FREE: A clever little booklet , “C/wr- Tj
4! acter Analysis Through Color 99 by II
Faher Birren. Come in for your copy. JJ
Pocomoke City Hardware Maryland ®
Friday, April 17, 1942
Chicken necks littered the yards of
at least three Dundalk homes this
week when a thief invaded the hen
roosts of poultry men of the Dundalk
section and made a haul of some 70
Apparently a specialist in the art
of neck-wringing was responsible for
the thefts. All of the fowls stolen
were taken minus their heads. A
quick twirk of the hand was all that
was needed.

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