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I|he| |j|||n)LAND] jjjoUKNAII E. E. Ewing, Proprietor. YOL VII. RISING SUN, CECIL COUNTY, Ml).. FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER lIVISSS. NO. 48* A Great Premium! ——♦ • The Midland Journal AND American Farmer OWE YEAR FOR ONLY $1.25! The American Farmer is a First Class sixteen-page Agricultural Mag azine, published monthly, at Fort Wayne, Ind. The Farmer is jam full of instructive reading and ele gant illustrations. Tells about the Farm, Garden, Orchard, Stock Rais ing, Dairying, Domestic Economy, in short, is one of the best Agricultu ral Magazines in the country. As an inducement to extend our circulation, we otfer to every subscri ber who PAYS in ADVANCE $(.25 THE MIDLAND JOURNAL —AND — fob one year ! This offer is made until Rambles of the Editor. In a short trip through a portion of the three upper distr c s we observed that the crop of apples in some or chards promises to be quite heavy The trees bending beneath their load of tempting fruit. The corn crop every where appears to be unusually good but the fields show the effect of the severe storms that succeeded the long drought of Jnne and July.— The seed clover crop will be a very short one this fall in all this region of country. We did not meet with a single field which showed anything like a fair crop, and heard of only one field, which belonged to Mr. Stephen C- Magraw of Porters Bridge. We are sorry to record that Mr. Ma graw had lost a fine horse a few days before, by overdriving in one of those intensely hot days which char acterized the last week of August. Mr. Magraw has lost several horses within the last two or three years, and has been the victim of what might be termed a series of misfor tunes. His dam and mill sustained heavy damage by the June flood of 84, and one year ago his little 8 year old son w; 8 drowned in the mill race. T ese selies • f ffl ctions following each other at short intervals is inde ed a severe trial and weighs heavily on the spirits of his geod wife, who ex pressed a wish that a purchaser might turn up who would buy the place. T1 e farm faces the south, the soil is the famous gray stone, ' clmaro land, and has one of the finest flouering mills, and the best water power on the creek. The land is rough but productive, and if converted into a fruit farm would be very valuable. The great flood in its wild career left behind a beach which over laid a rich piece of loam. On this sanded spot Mr. Magraw informs us he raised some of the finest melons and cante loupes this season he ever saw. And sweet potatoes possessing all the ex cellence of the famous Jersey sweet potato. While sealed at the dinner table we had ample evidence of the [Entered at the Post Office in Rising Sun, Md., as Second Class Matter.] lexcelience of the two latter vegetal* les. This may serve as a hint to melon raisers. Sand is the grand indispensable as a top dressing for these crops. In one respect the Bth district re sembles the law of the Meads and Persians. It changes but little, but ■ that little within the last twenty five years is on the side of improve ment. Conowingo has made the longest stride in the way of improve ment of any place in the upper end of the county ; and the change here has indeed been marvelous. This used to be famous only for its fever and ague. But a New York shippe-. Mr. Bell, came there some years ago bought a large portion of land in the village and adjacent to it, and commenced improving the place. lie has drained the land, cleared away the bushes, put up buildings, and en couraged improvement in every di rection. The railroad came to his aid and now the place presents the greatest net work of telegraph wire of any centre in the county. There are two flint mills and the large pa per mill is on the Harford side direct ly opposite the village, which serves as the distributing point for all this manufacturing industry'. This en terprise and evidence of life has drawn another true spirit and genius of business to the place, in the person of Mr. C. M. Childs, who is rapidly laying the ground work of what will in the near future prove an immense trade. The McCullough Iron works are the vertebia of Rowlandviile—the place used to be called Rowlandsville. but they have dropped the ‘ s ev ery thing they make for short in this busy age. The scenery is very pic turesque among these Octor: r > hills and the land of a superior quality. There are a great many more con sumers in all tliis region of country than there were 25 or 30 years ago. but the farmers do not. appear to rea lize the fact put keep on raising wheat and corn, competing with the West which can give them two day's start every week and be ahead of them on Saturday night. There are 1000 mouths to feed within easy distance of their farms where there was but one 30 years ago, but there owners have not found it out. Up Basin run is a pleasant summer trip. The little villages have come down to the railroad, with their smiling flower beds and vine covered varandas, like soft eyed gazelles of the desert which come down to the brooks to drink. Liberty Grove which used to be a tangled wild woods is now a settled when neighbors not to close are at least witt in celling distance, and where we found one of the neatest and most inviting stores intlie coun try ownedby Mr. Robert Rowland, ’ who isP. M. as well as tape cutter for the nighborhood. Two miles farther up is the village I of Colora, where the Waring Brothers have demonstrated the vast superior ity that brain has over brawn in the building up of one of those m<d ern industries for supplying the agri. ! culturist with phosphates and nitrates II cs, which alone manes it possible for j the great majority of farmers in this . part to escape the fangsof object pov • | erty. Science lias overturned many i long and loudly cherished delusions, wlueli nave been given up witn many a sigh and tear, but it has made it possible for the million to obtain bread. Had the farmer joined bands with science, and advanced as rapidly as she has opened the way for him, he would occupy a higher plain to day than he does, although advance has been marvelous, if we take a long vista and look back, say 500 years. But we will look at Colora some day T again and say more about its ma terial wealth, we have got switched off on its moral greatness some how this time, and must stop. - Canning Corn and How it is Done. We have two canneries at t’’e Run; one establishment belongs to Carter and Brown, and the other to David McCoy. The fixtures and process in both is virtually the same. bntWr- McCoy h>s introduced some mm-hiii ery this season not heretolbre in sin; eessful use in the business, which cuts the corn from the cob ami sep erates the silk and bits of refuse from the grain. In the old process Cor this part of the business, tne cut ting is done by hand with a comm n thin bladed fnife, and the silk is cleaned off the husked ears with hand brushes. The variety of corn used for can ning is the Stowell’s Evergreen. The canneries make arrangements with the farmers to furnish them the pro duct of a certain number of acres, and when the corn ar ives at the ‘roasting ear” period, pulling and hauling commences. The e.-rs are pulled and thrown into wagons, hauled to the cannery, win re the wagon is driven onto p at ‘orm scales* weighed and the corn thrown .ut in long heaps under sheds where the buskers strip off the green husks and toss the plump grained ears into baskets. Where the silking is.lone by hand the silkers sit by with still brushes and clean off tin* silk. Mr McCoy, as tta ed, has prov ded hi establishment this season with one of the Warfield cutting machines which is driven by steam power. This machine has cost the in vem or several years of labor and experimenting, and spending a fortune he has suc ceeded in producing a machine which does the work rapidly and well. The machine consists of an iron frame about ten feet long in which a piston is worked by a crank and lias a stroke of about 3 feet. The knives are a complicated piece of mac'finery pro vided with springs. The ears are fed to the machine by hand, point foremost, the jaws of which open and receive one ear at a time, when a blow from the piston sends it through the cutters, which shears the grains from the cob in a twinkle ai> 1 shoots the cob out of a horizontal spout while the corn fulls on a incline and is taken out below by a man or boy who dips up the milky grain with a scoop and carries it in buckets to the silker- This Silker is Mr. MtOoy’s own invent on, and consists of a strongly made box one foot square and about 2 feet high placed in a ver tical position with a hopper fisted on the top. This box is pretty well fill ed with cross wires and screens, through which the corn is forced, by a tilting anil bumping motion impart ed to it by a kind of lifting cam on , a shaft driven by steam power. This silking machine separates the silk and nibs lrom the grain which is tak en up in buckets and poured into shallow tin trays. These two machines save the work of 10 or more hands. I'he trays are about 3 feet square by 5 inches deep and are perforated in bottom with *0 one and a quarter inch holes at even distances apart. As many cans as the trays contains are placed in a crate with open <-nds up. The shallow square tin pans or trays are then set on the cans and the corn emptied into them. A woman or man as the case may be, stands at each tray, and with a cob pushes and works the corn round which falls through the holes into iiole he cans. As the cans fill u > the packer punches her cob into each settling the corn in the cans till they are full, when the crate of filled cans is pushed along the table to the weigher who is generally a girl. This weigher lias a common counter scale before her, with a can filled the prop er quantity of corn 2 pounds— wlrch serves for weight. The cans are taken up one by one by die weigher, and a little corn added where light or damped out if contain ing over weight. A boy stands be sides the weigher and places the cans is they are set from the scale in an iron crate weich hold one dozen cans. T iie crate of cans is immerged in a bath of weak pickle for h moment, till the bubbles cease to rise, when the crate is lifted and placed on an incline for the surplus pickletodrain back into the vat. This dip in the pickle or salt water bath forces out most of the air and slightly seasons the corn with salt. A boy lifts the drained crate of cans to a table, runs a brush hastty over the tops to clean -iff the cans ; and places a cap over each hole. These caps are cut and crimped by the can manufacturers, and are all an exact fit. On ei ch can top a bit of solder is laid, just enough to solder on the top. This soUer is cut by machinery and is purchased as the cans are from the factory where it is cut in lumps of uniform size. The crate of cans is now ready for the soldering iron, and is shoved ov er to the opposite side of the table where the capper stands with his soldering irons in a gasalioe furnace. One end of these soldering irons is shaped like an inch and a ha f gouge, and is fixed to a handle sim ilar to a brace for boring. This brace like handle is hung on an iron shaft pointed at the lower end, which point is placed in the small vent hole that is in the centre of the cap, the hot iron placed on the lump of solder and with a quick forward and backward turn the cap is scaled. The operation is but. ths work of a moment The capped cans are then placed in large cir ular iron crates, holding 125 cans each. These strong crates are pro vided with a pair of bails which are folded together and hooked to a chain of the hoisting crane, swung over a tank ol boiling water, and lowered in. The cans remain in this tank 18 min utes, which expands the contents and lorces out the cold air. The crate is then hoisted out and placed on a table, when the tops of the cans are brushed dry and the vent holes brushed over with a sold ering liquid.. A sealer with hot iron and bar of solder puts a drop on each ! small hole and the can is hcrmetical- One Dollar per Annum in Advance. ly sealed, 'i'tie crate of sealed cans is then swung to the opposite side and lowered into a test tank of water kept at the boiling point by a coll of steam pipe. When the cans are lovv ered beneath the hot water the heat expands the contents and if an a r hole, ever so small is present the fact is revealed by bubbles rising to the surface, when the faulty can is lifted out of its place by a f air of fat nosed tongs and the solderer, with hot iron and a bit of solder stops the hole if the defect is not to extensive. The operation of testing a crate of 125 cans requires but a minute, when the crate is again hoisted and swung ov er beside the processing kettle, when the cans are lifted steaming hot by two men with leathern pads on theirs hands, and piled in circular crates holding three tiers and containing -90 cans. The processing or cooking is done by dry steam in these factor ies. The crates of cans are next lowered into this cooking kettle or heavy iron cylinder, the lid shut down and held securely by bolts when steam is turned on. This processing cylinder is provided with a steam gauge and thermometer, and the heat is raised rapidly to 250° tiien lower ed and brought up gradually to 250° where it i 3 kept 40 minutes. The lowering and slowly raising the heat is to allow it to penetrate the goods, in order to process the contents of the cans evenly. Forty minutes is the length of time required to cook corn thoroughly in a heat of 250 degrees, requiring a greater heat to process it than tomatoes At the end of forty minutes the cans are lifted from the processing kettle or cylinder and submerged in a tank of edd water, where they remain until cool enough to handle, when they are put into the boxes or cases as they are tecmcally termed, and piled away. \fter standing ten days the goods are overhauled and the ‘‘swells” sored out. Not withstanding all the care tak. >n quite a good many “swells’’ are found among them. The cans are now ready to roceive the fine labels all are familiar with, and when properly la beled, they are replaced 2 dozen in a case, the case lid Dailed down and the goods are ready for market. We have followed 'bis modern art of n serving green fruit and vegetables, in all its details which consist of some IG or so, manipulations. All this work proceeds with the utmost regula ity, every one stands at his or her ap pointed post, and performs the part al lotted ami the work proceeds with clock like n ovement. The gteen corn crop is short this sea soq, our canners not hawing more than a three weeks run on corn. Mr. McCoy had calculated on having enough corn to fill 250,000 cans but will process probably 140,000. Carter and Brown will process probably 130, 000 cans of corn. The latter are run ning some tomatoes, but this has been i very unfavorable season for tomatoes. Mr. McCoy employs 40| hands at wages averaging a 81.00 a day while Carter aud Brown employ 50 at about the same wages. Kidney Disease. Mr. H. Waram, member of City Council, oi tibury, N. J , says : ‘I was a victim of the worst form of kidney disease. A short trial of Aromanna completely cured me.” Price 25 and 75 ets. Sold by l)r. L. R. Kirk, Rising Sun.