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||he) J || |idland| Journal. |
E. E. Ewing, Proprietor. VOL. VII. RISING SUN. CECIL COUNTY. MD.. FRIDAY. OCTOBER !>. IBS>. NO. ,V 2. TO BUSINESS MEN. A A good advertisement in a good paper is the"best of all salesmen. It is a sales- D man who never sleeps, and is never weary; who goes after business early or late; who accosts the merchant in his store, the scholar in his study, the lawyer in his office E the lady in her home, the traveler in the cars or boat; a salesman whom no purchas- E er can avoid; who can be in a thousand nlaces at once, anil speak to thousands of T people daily, saying to each one the best thing in the best manner. A good adver ment insures a business connection on the most permanent and and independent basis, s and is, in a certain sense, a guarantee to the customer of fair and moderate prices. Ex perience has shown that the dealer whose stock has obtained a public celebrity is not N only enabled to sell, but is forced to sell at reasonable rates, and to furnish a good ar- G tide- A dealer can make no better invest ment than in advertising in a live paper. ~ 1885. 1885. TEE SIXTH ANNUAL FAIR OF THE (ecdliinty kmcuLTURAL Society WILL BE HELD ON THE FAIR GROUNDS AT ELKTON tiif.'liii. am nwni *> an, OCTOBER 6,7, 8 AND 9. SIO,OOO IN PREMIUMS! The success of our Fairs has been unprecedented. The location of our beautiful Grounds is unsurpassed for a great attendance, and we have had it. Our Exhibits have been varied and excellent and contributed by four States ; but the groat bulk has come from old Cecil, and to her citizens do we again appeal for the best of the products of her Farms, Gardens, Orchards, Factories, Shops and Households. Every man, woman and child in Cecil should have an honest pride in her Fair and contribute to its future growth. Send your entries early to JOHN PARTRIDGE, Secretary, Klkton. Maryland. cTmTchilbs & CO. CONOWINGO, MARYLAND. —s^sgDEALKRS COAL. LINE, SALT, FERTILIZERS, PLASTER, HAIR, BRICK, CEMENT, LUMBER and AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY. p&T’IUE CELEB I A TED SNOW FLAKE LIME, SALT AND TOBACCO , AT WHOLESALE ONLY. Have also opened a general Hardware Store, where the Carpenter, Blacksmith and Painter can he supplied with mil outttt and stock. Our llonsi hold I'urmkuek, included in tho line of Hard ware, comprises many novelties never helore on this market. We invite particular atteutiou at this time to our facilities tor furnishing all grades of HARD AxV XX SOFT CCAT, ( AUtD STOVES of all varieties and sizes to consume it. Special prices given on application to Clubs for the deliv ery of foal in Car Load lots at Haines' Station, Oct.iraro and Kowlaudville. We solieita call item all the fanners in this vicinity, that they may l,now where they can procure PURE ROJil , either haw, Dissolved or Ammouiated. Also ialtifi (IRaDE ROCK and other reliable FERTILIZERS, at competing prices. SATISFACTION GUARANTEED IN ALL PRACTICABLE CASES. [Entered at the Post Office in Rising Sun, Md. f as Second Class Matter.] Fall Plowing For Spring. Dialogue between farmers. Extracts from an essay by Henry Stewart, one of the editors of the American Agriculturist. “But, as I was going to say, my soil is light yet I have been in the habit of plowing it in the fall for the past five seasons, which is precisely the time in which I have been using the ‘ Acme” harrow. Every tiling is plowed. And not only is this work all done, but no weeds go to seed for they are all turned under with the stubbles and rot in the soil and make valuable manure. Then in the spring this “Acme” Harrow is put on as soon as the surface is dry enough. I don't wait for the frost to get out. If there is dry enough soil to get lour inches of loose mellow surface the oats and the peas are sown. I have sown oats when the soil below the sur face was all frozen, and the surface froze repeatedly afterwards. But I haye grown oats weighing forty-seven pounds to the bushel for four years successively from seed the same weight. I believe this early sowing is the secret of growing heavy oats.” Mr. Jones: “I don’t doubt that because oats require a cool soil and a long season and the usual late sow ing throws them into the sudden hot weather of early summer before they have become well rooted. But tell us how this implement works on fall plowed sod, for if it succeeds with that, the only objection there is against plowing sod in the fall is re moved.” Mr. Peters: “That is the great dif ficulty with every farmer who plants corn on sod land ; how to manage the proper work on it in the spring.” “I know it is,” I replied. “Corn should alwavs be planted on fresh mellow soil, and the sod should not be disturbed.” Mr. Jones : ‘‘Precisely, and that is why I have advocated spring plowing plowing of sod for corn on any soil ” “But,” I rejoined, “if you can have the sod left precisely as it has been turned ; but well firmed and coin pactc'j by the settling during the winter months, and then secure four or five inches of fine fresh mellow soil, thoroughly pulycrized, and made firm and compact, right over the halt decayed sod, and the work done at the rate of ten acres per day without excessive work of any stout farm team and yourself ride easily on a seat as if you were mowing grass, would you not then advocate the more economical way of plowing sod in the fal:?” Mr Jones and Mr. Peters.(both to gether) : “I would, most certainly. “But tell me. said Mr. Peters, “how this machine is made and how it operates.” “The implement consists of a double cross bar attached to a tongue; the bar is of angle iron and is provid ed with a number of steel cutters which break the clods and slice the surface into strips. Behind these are fixed a number of sharp steel coulters having a curve similar to that of a mold board of a plow, but long and narrow. The bar can be let down so as to run close to the srfrface and sink the cutters and coulters in the soil. The effect is that the bar breaks up the clods, levels and smooths the surface; the cutters and coulters break up ; turn over pulverize and firm the soil and leave it in the finest condition for sowing or planting seed; s- tting out plants or doing any of the work of a farm or market garden, at the rate as I have said of ten acres a day or one acre per hour, with the driver riding upon a comfortable seat and adding by his weight to the effectiveness of the work ifthe weight is needed.” 1 Mr. Peters : “That meet 9 all the requirements of our spring work, and if the implement does all this, we need not go mourning about our un certain and short spring. What do you think about it friend Jones?” Mr. Jones: “The great difficulty I have experienced in spring work is ■ not only to get the work done in time, but to get the soil moist, fresh, mel low and firm with the implement we have to work with. The surface only should be worked in the spring. 1 never counted my soil fit to plant un til it had been harrow'ed four or five times and all this work, with the plow ; ing, occupies so much time that few farmers can cultivate enough land to make a living from; or the farmer must have extra horses and he p in the spring to do the work that is nec essary to raise full crops. Half crops are starvation to a farmer in these days of low prices. Now, if we have in the ‘‘Acme” Pulverizing Harrow, ajelod crusher and pulverizer, and a set of gang plows, and a thorough harrow as I think the description warrants, I think we have the very implements we need to enable us to plow our land in the fad; both sod and stubble, and to fit it for the seed without any loss of time and in spite of the season.” “And,” remarked I, just here “this is precisely what this implement will do. and lias done for several years past, for many thousands of farmer whose experience has been like mime, that after using it for some years, it is impossible to get along without it and go back to the old and unsat isfactory manner of doing things.” Mr. Peters: “But I should like to ask a few questions. How does this "Acme” Harrow operate on I eayyelry sdl? How does it leave the sou? Ilow i i h avy is the draft? Is it durable and < str ng or likely to kreak in using? Does it clear itself? How is it used i in sod, with the furrow or across it ? < How deep does it work the soil? Can i it be used to cover clover seed? Will ] it do everything that a liariow can do? Will it Don’t laugh, these i are important things lor a farmer to i know. 1 was going to ask : will p i fay a farmer to go: one who farms < only fifty acres?” < x use me,” I replied, “I was i smiii.ig to t link these were the very same questions 1 asked wlnn I first learned of this implement, a,id was amused to thi.ik In w very much alike farmers think on the same subject I i will <ry to satisfy you on all these j points,” i “The farmer who works heavy soil finds several joints of difference from the working of a light soil. There is a certain condition of moisture in which clay soil should not be plowed or worked with any implement ; and a certain condition of dryness in which it cannot he worked. The right stage is when the soil breaks apart easily and when it is neither wet nor dry. This occurs in tne fall after the fall rains have come and early spring One Dollar per Annum in Advance. as soon as the frost has disappeared, and a few dry windy days have left . the soil in just the right condition. A few more dry days will harden a soil s-o much that it cannot be made fine, hence the need of an implement which will fit such a soil for seeding in the quickest manner. This rapid work is just what the “Acme” Harrow does, and it leaves a fall plowed clay soil in an excellent condition for spring planting in the shortest possi. ble time. But the farmer should not neglect the first opportunity of mak ing the soil, with this implement which makes cross plowing unneeces sary and does the work so much bet ter than a harrow, inasmuch as it smoothes, levels, breaks, pulverizes and turns oer the surface, all at one operation.” •‘On fall plowed sod it leaves the furrows exactly as they were turnel, pressing them down more closely ; leaving loose the soil and the decom posed roots, filling cyery crevice and hollow, never turning up a sod, which it cannot possibly do, and it leaves the sun ace as fresh and mellow as if the land had been plowed only the day before. In cultivating sud with the “Acme” Oarrow, this implement may be used with the sod, or across it, or quartering or diagonally over it in any way that may he desired because it cannot disturb the sod under the surface but presses it down more firmly.” “The draft, not much, if any more t han that of a common narrow, and is not too heavy for even a light ordi nary farm team. On heavy soil is ad visable to use a stout team, or even three horses, and let the driver ride to make it work as deeply as possible.” “As it is made wholly of rolled wrought iron and steel, with no wood about it but the forward half of the tongue and as the steel is thorough y well tempered and thousands of them are made every yer, it is as strong and durableasany implementcan pos sible be made. Five years constant use lias not left a single blemish on the implement I have used.” “The manner of construction and the steel coulters entirely prevent clogging in aHy soil ; manure even may he pulverized and spread with it and some farmers make a practice of breaking up and spreading the manure both upon meadows and p’owed ground with this implen e t. Tiie depth to which it works is reg ulated by the elevation or depression of the double bar, which is done in stantly by means of a lever in front of the driver. It will work two inches deep or the coulters may be buried in the soil so as to work it five inches in depth if neccessary. It may be used to cover the seed which it will do much better titan a common bar row. as the so 1 is mined c imp'etely over upon the seed as if it had been p'o-nd in a light fun©'*. Peas ni d oats are covered perfectly, and every farmer who has tried to harr >w po-m, knows how hard it is to cover them wth a tooth harrow. It will uo •>- erything that a harrow can 00, and a great deal more thus saving much va liable time in the shortest season. As t" your list question, the answer is plain : no farmer can afford to do without it ; for ifonly ten acres are worked with it and five bushels of grain per acre gained by its use or the cross plowing of the ten acres is saved, the whole cost of it is return ed.