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Tile Para. FARM MISCELLANY. Export of American Apples. The amount of apples ex ported in the past six years is given by Mr. J E Russell, secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Agriculture, as follows: 1879, 436,800 birred; 1880. 1,330.800 bar rels; 1881, 235,000; 1882, 400,000 ; 1883, 00,714; 1884, 747,000. The crop exported last year brought in the farmers more than a million dollars. The export for the past six years has amounted to more thuu eight million dollars. -<£- More Home-made Manure. Some of our enterprising farmers are urging that there should be more grass and hay grown and more stock raised so as to have a home supply of manure thus either saving the phosphate bill or putting the farm into constantly improv ing condition by the use of stable ma nure in plenty addition to the corumer tial fertilizers. There is a further rea son for this course, iu the fact that in some soils the various fertilizers sold do not yield paying returns for the money invested in them, hence either stock raising or the plowing under of green crops must be resorted to Weed out the Scrubs. It is true that high bred stock will pay better for good care aud attention than common stock, but it is aPo true that common sto :k may be made more profitable by weeding out the scrubs, aud careful feediug and breeding. It is often the case that a farmer will keep a cow that is a source of actual loss, in stead of gain, from lack of paying atten tion to the amount of return made for the food consumed, so that his beast is a sort of pensioner on him. Now. while a man may indeed be unable to buy Jersey stock that 14 pounds a week, h * is not therefore obligi d to be couteut with a cow that will make only five pounds a week aud not really wotth twenty-five dollars. If good feed and attention does not bring a profit it. should be got rid of as soon as possible s A Good Herd. Here is a statement of the butter pro duct from my head of 14 cows, from April 1, 1881, to April 1, 1885- The amount and the price is net, all expens es for marketing having be< n taken out: Pounds of butter midt* 3784, or 270 lbs per cow; net receipts $1144.70, or $Bl 74 per c>w; average price 3UJo per In — 29c from April to Nov. 1, and 33c the rest of the time. During the time five bull calves were fattened on the cow, until six weeks old, while the heifers remained on the cow on an average of two weeks. One cow had a defective teat wh eh lost considerable milk, while anolher was a yearling heifer in milk only a part of the season. Fmr of the number are grates, the balance lull bloods Jt'is 'vs —[/>. Creyo, Columbia county, TV. Y- in Firm ami Home, mu Feeding Hogs. On the sc we of economy ulme wo should goto it >fthe iioti m that corn doue can make pork. C >ru is good it j.d o. iously ad uin stored with other lood-. We canuot ju I ge altogether by the c •mi paritive nufrime values ot foods. Two b ishels of crn eer'aiiily e <ntam m ich more real nutriment than one bushel ot corn and one bu.-lie of beets, tor in stance, but the mixture of corn and beets wdl make tuo-e and better pork th in the two bushels of corn. The l eers do a mechanical work iu the way ofassim ilatinif food in th stomach. and aiding d'gestion, that more than makes up for its la- k iu real nutritive value. Potatoes, squashes, pumpkins, and all sorts of roots and gr -on foods, arc highly relished by the • orn clogged hog, and fed with corn, will work a great •economy in fattening Logs. A Good Hoad. To make a good road the first import ant thing is the grading, It is useless to put gravel or stone in a mudhole into which the water will run at every heavy rain. The centre of the roadbed ought to be three feet above the bottom of the ditch at the sides. The grading should be done early in the season so as to al low it to beeomc solid before gravel is applied. It is a great advantage to have a summer track at the side, as it is easi er on horses and vehicles than a gravel ed road, and should be borne in mind in grading the road. If beginning at the foundation, coarse gravel may be used for the first coat, but fine is prefer able for repairing or finishing a road. After a road has ouce been graveled and settled, and begins to need repairs, it is best to apply a small quantity of gravel at a time. Unless it is in a spot which has actually cut through, two inches of gravel at once is more profit able than a larger amount. M#M Care Of the Orchard. The care of the orchard is one of the most important duties of the farmer. Fruits of all kinds, in these latter days, are neccessary adjuncts of the bill of fare on a well supplied table, and so a good orchard is a requisite. To ob tain one, the first thing neccessary is a well assorted Selection of the best va r eties of fruit trees. Then a suitable location on ground neither too flat and wet. nor too much exposed to the cold winds, but made as rich as possible, is essential Then plant and cultivate assiduously until bearing commences. Careful pruning of the young trees should be attended, to repeated y during the growing season, so as to prevent any frequent fertilizing, to keep the trees in healthy, bearing aud growing condition, and the ground in the high est state of fertility, are required, from this on, to make an orchard pay. And always hear in mind, one acre planted to trees well cared for is better than four carelessly neglected A Farmer’s Blunder. Few things are more amusing than >hc blunders of illiterate people when they “take th> ir pen in hand.” We do not know whether the recipi ent of the following letter felt amused or enraged on reading it. It was written by a Buekinharashire farmer to a dis tinguished scien'ifio agriculturist to whom he felt under obligation lor in troducin'' a variety of swine “Respected sir.—l went yesterday t" the fair at A . I found several pies of your species. There was a great variity ofbea<ts; and l was greatly as tonished at not seeing you there.” We must imagine this to have been written in an offhand manner, and without much consideration ; us also an other, by an illiterate farmer, wishing to enter some animals at an agricultural exhibition, when he wrote as follows t > the secretary of the sociery: “Enter me also for a jackass. I luve no doubt whatever of gaining a pr.zj.’ The Early Pigs. If early pigs .ire u. sired iu the spring, m-xt month is the proper time f *r breed ing the sows. Figs that come in ahou' February w li have ampie tune, durut which to auaui large size uni lie• vy weight by Christmas. April is the hot month foryouug pigs, a- theseismi ni l ihen opeu favorably tor ihein, but Feb ruary pigs cm be weaned in April utf luirnil out as soon a< the pasture ts ready. Uuless some preparation is made m advance, however, it is useless to breed for early p gs. ft'no? propeify housed, and kept warm and comfortable, they will not grow, but become stunted, becoming expeusive instead of profit able. The first two months’ existence is the most important with a pig. Push him forward when he is young aud the start thus given maybe noticed through out the balance of the year. Pigs far i rowed iu February, if of good breeds, TEK HIMLAiNia Jt}iaS4L. may be made to weigh over three hun dred pounds at the end of the year, which is equal to that obtained by pigs farrowed in the fall and exposed to the severity of wiuter- There is but one seeret in early pigs, and that i 9 comfort able quarters. This, with sufficient food to the sow to enable her to give a pro fuse quantity of milk, will ensure rapid headway, and when the pigs are ready for the pasture they will grow fast and need but little care till penned for corn. Root and Grass Crops. The grass crop should be secured when its most valuable properties, sug ar, etc., are in the gteatest abundance in the stalks and leaves, and on the process of making or curing the grass depends almost entirely its value, and it should be the object of the farmer to preserve the crop for winter use in the condition most resembling grass in its highest state of perfection, aud when thus obtained is all the food needed with the addition of the root crop, the best being the sugar beet for wintering a dairy of cows cheaply and safely. It seems surprising that so little attentiou is given to the cultivation of the sugar beet, so easily raised, so productive and valuable and, with proper cultivation, there is no reason why every farmer who tries should not raise twenty or more tons per acre, and we must say that there is more cash value at that amount per acre than from corn or any other grown crop. It will not be long before farmers will see these facts and plant one acre at least, with a crop which will prove satisfactory and profit able because it is a crop which yields more profit to the farmer than any we know; no expense but the seed, say two dollars. Two dollars out in the spring and SIOO back in the fall. We do not offer these suggestions thinking they are new, or that they will generally be adopted, but because we believe such kinds of foods are cheaper and safer, and more natural for a dairy of cows than highly concentrated food aidless liable to produce sickness, abir tions and fevers. The above is the argument of a New York dairyman If good for dairy cows the S 'me s good for all other farm stock* The Dairy. Why Salt Shows In Butter. It ts not uncommon to see butter in r 11s or pruts of good quality and t<d* r-! ib'y fresh with a coating of salt crys- | ids all over the outside, giving it a stale ! and unpleasant appearance. 1 his may Oe cau-ed hi s- veral ways. If the sa t used is of poor quality, and particularly if it is too coarse in grain, it ftils to he well incorporated in the butter, and. changing to brine alter the rolls h ive he-n male up it emus to the surface ai d take.' the lurm of a crust. The fi nest and Pest salt a<t well worked into ihe butter wid a*t in the saute wav. Vs-ain, if ihero is tune moisture left in the butter than it will naturady hold, the salt j nns with this extra water n. i*>rin brine; tins hiiuo finis its way to the uU'M ie, ev ip irate- and ieayes lire .salt u ivertug The be-t iiiems therefore of avoid tug ♦.hi- dilh-u t>. is to lu 'ke the bu t r by the grnnuur method, wash it very th-rou.h y lit a 1 wit to drain itid dry off we.l. wine slid in the gram uiar form, li.'lore adding the sail. Ih. ii j inix in the suit as thoroughly us pos.-i be ha'in. it of the best quality and as tineas can lie got ; allow a to stuuo ahu e wink* before wuikuig and pui ti' g into its ti lai lortu 'i his gives an opportunity lor ail the salt to dissolve before the v© king and then for re mo v iu gull surplus brine. Ail butter, however, contains a pret ty large percentage of moisture in the i form ot brine, and it must be kept in a j moist atmosphere or else the water of| ! the brine will evaporate more or less, leaving the salt visible on the outside Any good butter will show this dry salt it exposed long enough in very dry air. [Henry E- Alyord, Houghton Farm, N *'■] M©M Cows Not Giving Down Milk. The habit of holding up the milk is difficult to overcome- The best way is to avoid all occasion of disturbance, and observe well those which promote pleas ure and quiet for the cow, and to milk as rapidly us possible, consistently with comfort, with a view to getting the milk before the “ietting down” ceases. Milking rapidly does not mean jerking sharply, or moving with hasty or irreg ular motions iu the presense of the cow. The motion of the milker should not be such as to attract suspicion- They should be deliberate and cool, but wheu set down to the milking, let nothing be allowed to interrupt ot* retard the work. This will induce continual letting down, by giving relief to the udder. The letting down is short, every movement should be availed of to the best advantage. When the milk ceases to flow, the milking should stopatonce, whether the milk is all out or not. There is no use in hanging on after it stops coming, as this only cultivates and con firms the habit of “holding back.” To break up the habit, let the milking be quick, but easy and regular —Prarie Farmer. M©M Prom the Reverend Clergy. Among the many ministers of the gospel, who have helped by the use of Brown’s Iron Bitters, the Rev. E. A. Spring, Cory don, lowa, says “I used it for general ill health and found it a great help.” Ilev. Jas. McCarty, Fort Stevenson, Dakota, says “It cured me of severe dyspep sia and increased my weight twenty five pounds.’’ The Rev. Mr. Offey. New Bern, N. C., says he has taken it and considers it one of the best medicine known. The Itev. Mr. Whitney, Jlmgham, Wts. says. “Aft. i era long sickness from lung fever, 1 used Brown’s Iron Bitters and gained strength. ’’ So throughout tne States with hundreds and hundreds of oth er clergymen. ►sQm Opening the Fountains. In numberless bulbs beneath the skin is secreted the liquid sub tance which gives the bait* its texture, color and gloss. Wtien this secretion stops the ■ air begins at once to become dry. lustreless brittle an gray. Is that the condition of your hair? If -o, apply ; Parker’s Hair Balsam ai once. It wiil j restore the eo or, gloss and life by re i Hewing the action of nature. The Bal ! sam is not oil, not a dye, but an el : gant toilet article, highly appreci t**d because of its cleanliness. oct 9 —. <&> —— T'vra e-lo Tc. v- Y httu im vrn* it Uiiid, ae critvi for < tisiori^ YTSon wia iMvuttie Mima. k!io r)im<j to Uiiatoria, V £lC*Ji UAO llAtl VsUIiILTW. luaAU ao End to Bona Scraping. Bdward Shepherd, of II ims.org Til. -H's: ''Having received so much benefit from Electric bitters, I feel it me duty to letwnltering hnmanitv know it. Have had a running sore on my leg for eisfht years ; mv doctors told in** I would have to have die bone scraped or leg amputated. I used i its read; t‘*ree i.ottles of Electric hitter*, aid seveil boxes B ieklen’s Arnica Sal -p, and mv leg is now s. no I mil well” Electric Hitters ar si! I at fifty cuts a bott e, and Kites leu’s A rdea Salve at 2> • per h,.x In Mr. Kirk 5 1 " m Major K. B 11,11, Cm,., pt. Va., wi,o has hand ed Howell’s Fertilizers to, seve a- years says ; *1 enclose y u a few cirtificites; you cm men t.ion Mr. I* ylor. a goo i fanner w o rccomends the Powell Fert 1z rs I could semi y u more if necessary. bu l die P well’s brands are so well and favorably known in t is section no adve- ising is required.” Address ! B own Chemical Co., manufts Bal- I timore, Md. mm and all BtttOUS COMM.AIMTS are relieved by taking WRIGHT’S mm VEGETABLE PILLS , Puohr VegfUUe; its Brfjiag. Fries Sss. AU SnggUU. DRY GOODS AT RETAIL and WHOLESALE HAK HAMILTON EASTER & SONS, 199, 201. 203 W. BALTIMORE ST., J3AJdJIJVIOJtJS, jvip. Import Direct from Europe Bbck and Colored Dress Goods. Black and Colored Dress SiUs, Brocade & Fancy Silks & Velvets Linens, Hosiery and Underwear, Ladies’and A/lisses’ Wraps, | Embroideries, Laces and White Goods. Are Large Buyers, direct from the Manufact urers, of DQNtBSTtG ©RV GQODS, Eomsstic Cattoas, Salicoss, Gwghaas, 1 LOW' PRICED DRESS GOODS. Furnished Free of Postage. O TO MERCHANTS. ! Will furnish merchants Samples for I their customers to select from at lowest Wholesale Piece Prices. Any length cut at same price. Merchant can buy of us Styles entire ly different from those carried by regu lar wholesale houses. oct 9-3 m PROPRIETORS. PITTSBURGH. PA. ine uuove named medicine, and also Sellers’ Jamacia Ginger for sale by Dr. L. R. Kirk, Rising Sun, Md. STEAM ENGINE 1 j 'il O.WPARB tho SIZES arc* PK ICES of cop Cnjfmf’R We bve No or noddle men to pro tect by adding cc uumsaio.-H which cunn.n:erh muni pay. f? Potter. Cyltnd* r. It tee, on Wheel*. 4 fx S Stroke. ... £4550 6 6~ 9 “ •••• SOD a 7xtO " .... 600 *0 ©x(o “ .... 700 IS 0-xf2 “ •• • • 950 30 M>ittr.arv rntlißv, S rG<> Slots** i’ower, b'li'Titaiv style <>r power Stiu’kn. Tunics Kurnaco V i Rt \ Milin FL.nr Mill mi.l Minim. 'tiohincrj. -.vn.ua TimiiV, OencniUKAl Turn on 1.. i.'iitvi titled p !km> And Cob Mill r.nii 4- ri.n II: .b .cti'i'isis. ■mu figgT l IfUx&WXfi: HIGHLANDS HOUSE, JOSEPH FS.ITTS. Prp jriotor. HIGHLANDS, MAGO CO., NORTH CAROLINA. (ALTITUDE XEAKI.y 40dU * H2ALHI ND J'JKtfES REiDXT The Hotel is a commodious anil ijiiii i, riling houso convenient to pint otttco au 1 a,.-a We have pleasant suites of rooms for fa.ii.Ji .a. Our table is sup ili 1.1 with the best tho market • Iforda. T; rius reason Uils. Ono mile ..f easy ascent 1 1 the top or s a tiita tiv uu one of 'he best views if the ring:/ hiv ■ miles drive to the top of the lam ~. \~l 9 Si e Hoiiutaih. Other grand p*a!<s ~|s , y ,t,.p falls too numerous to m.-utin. Health l>, ure seekers ami iov rs of nature iu iy ft • * u.re i mild climate, exempt ,r >m groat ex't .'o . it neat, and cold, pure invigorating tir. pare ! spring water, and grandest mount ilu a- .n .y „ the Kooky idoiiutiins. Our ■an land elec . Irigiou of mountain country aud latitude ooee in's oir our long, cool and tint-tt sum tier di uate, the P- io'l of all who spend a summer here. No oi >s.j lito is, few fl.es and insents. Our beautiful to v ite as near the crest of the Blue itidgj, a cut .iv • miles from the Georgia line, an I oo.ita us net. ■;, .;oi) of tne best class, front nearly every .tale in tho Union. I’*.,id society, nxeoilttit echo .is, church | privileges, stores, mills, boarding h ms . m l soy. j . ral line tvc.tiugs. '.Vo s t .ll enutiuuo . try to rune iha visits ot out " tests to in.. ighlanda | pics lit tiles. We tapeci nysoi ,s,t the p*:ro .age lof th .se who wish to tarry mug iu turn baud of tile Hay " llighl mds is 10 miles north of Wilhalla, South ' Oarolina. 30 miles s nilh of iVoostor, on the .Vem.m 1. o it. K. Good hacks and s'ajes at i 'Viva, ;i ',.r iVolis.ar. at Bmuho's, V .loads or at | lulu iI V Siit iu a, Seuota, S 0 in virbiao li It, ! ready to urlug paoeouger- to Ulgulauds.it reason. ' -hie lams. JUobabl r'.ti C TS. i Proprietor.