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If he | Midland! Journal.’]
E. E. Ewing, Proprietor. VOL. VIII. RISING SUN. CECIL COUNTY, MD., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 30, 188,5. NO. 3. BISSBLL CHILLED plow: Our purpose in [resenting this ' Plow to farmers is to call attention to the fact that we offer to the buyer an improved and perfect Chilled Plow, the Best and Cheapest on the , market. ( The Hoosier Grain and , Fertilizer Drill! \ “It has given good satisfaction as a fertil izer, also as a grain and seeder drill. It drills oats and grass seed with the same reg ularity and accuracy that it does wheat. “D. BAKER.” “The Hoosier Drill is a complete success and is in demand. We are not afraid of any drill. It is a very easy running Drill. “T. W. WILLIAMS.” Improved Willoby Grain and Fertilizer Drill! We have handled this Drill for 5 years with entire satisfaction. The WILLOBY IMPROVED runs asf‘ light as any drill in use. CORN SH ELLLRS, HAY & STRAW CUTTERS, power or hand. TWIN HARROWS, CULTIVATORS FOR PREPARING GROUND FOR SEEDING. PLOW CASTINGS for SOUTH BEND DIAMOND IRON and ROWLAND CHILLED PLOWS, two-horse WAGONS OF OUR OWN make. BSs“'Repairing cf Farm Machinery a \ peciaty. Parts kept on hand for all nia- - chinery sold by us. J. €. IIIR© &> SONS, Rising Sun - - - Mti JAMES BASHES, ——o - AT WAREHOUSE, Rising Sun Station, Offers the highest rates for HAY, GRAIN, &c., and has for sale COAL of the Best quality at the bottom prices. Fertilizers of Establishea Reputation, such as Cope's, Waring's, Eureka, Pork & Co’s and The Planet brand Bone and phosphate. a?HOF NERVOUS DEBILITY, TJT A"D YQ 9 EpWM OrKoaioWeaknesa and l| h I Decay, and numerous vk S S ob s-** re diseases which Y\_ -V.-Y-V IS J buUlaekiUedr.hrHlcians l 5 J re3uitfrom youthful lu % £ / discretions, too free la- A Radical Cura W duE-onco or ovor brain tnr Donottemnorta* •or KW t>hllo ftacbenemics lurkln AND (swttDles. Get our free circular • IMPOIENCY. VBUUVH Blal else Where. Take a sure ■ ■■ Remedy that hog cured THH'TPTi JPBSthousauJH, does net In- Tor ov ® r ©ljgjterfero with attention to ‘ by use in g^H or cnaco pain 0" a>ar.yTbcu3aad BMJinconvonicmce. Founded 1 Casej of W^Bonscieotiflomedicalrrin wervous |fo &2sa-fil!S 1 VI W‘TI I IY Y H~n ”7. Rlm Q' fl Influence is AND ■Mfelt without delay. The nnniinn Kwnataral functloc s of the , ORGANIC ROJhuninn ; organism ore rea- DP!EA T 'C'KiN , tJ3Irii toro "- Thoanimotlnprl*. of IW- Which have | * n HI poop waetod are (rivoo back Vounac it- Middle STTPDd tho patient become* : Aged Mon. drapl<U7g ‘ ln ' HARRIS REMEDY CO., M*T Ch.mUta 800>J North 10th BL Louie, ho. ■ OBllwiir3TitunuT.B3t2iioMP<*t&taManig.B2 1 [Entered at the Post Office in Rising Bun, Md., as Second-Class Matter.] Potato Growing. We have a little book on the above subject, written by T. B. Terry, of Hudson, Ohio, who is thebo3s potato grower of the Buckeye state, which we propose publishing copious ex tracts from for the benefit of farmers who say they hardly ever have any “luck’’ with potatoes. Though all who wish to be made thoroughly ac quainted with the best manner to grow the largest crops of the best quality of potatoes, we advise to order the little book. We can fur nish it. I’r'ce by mail 38 cents. The information this little book contains, if followed closely, would be worth as many dollars to most farmers, in the increased yield on a lot of 2 acres, over and above what they generally raise PREPARING THE SOIL I would not fall plow stubble land with the expectation of fitting it for the crop in the spring with cultiva tior and harrow. The work will not Ibe likely to be as well or cheaply done, unless on very light soil, as if the plowing and harrowing were both done in the spring. If manure was applied in the fall, let it be after the fall plowing. In addition to the double plowing, I should give the land a thorough cultivating or work ing with the Acme harrow before the spring plowing, then smoothe it ov er with a Thomas barrow, and rool it, > vnd it is ready for the plow. ‘‘Why all this work ?” asks some easy going thoughtless farmer, perhaps- Because potato-roots serch for their food mostly in the lower part of the soil. When you plow a piece of land, and harrow the surface after plowing, you have pulverized the soiliu which the potato-roots mostly grow but very little. The plow alone does not do very much pulverizing and fining. If you make the soil fine and nice, four or five inches deep, before plow ing in the spring, and then turn it over with the plow, you have done just the right thing. You have made the soil in which the roots are to grow, fine and mellow, and yet how few ever think of taking this much trouble! The fine mellow soil made by the harrow on the surfaoe after plowing is all right ; but the roots can not get at it, they are down among the clods and unpulverized ground. After the ground is plowed in the spring, work it down moderately fine soon after it is turned over, before it has time to dry out. It will work easier and better then than ever again particularly if there should be drying winds and no rain. It is not neces sary to work potato ground before planting as fine and firm as you woul land for wheat, because you can (and ought, to keep the weeds down and crust broken) do a good deal of the working and pulverizing after the crop is planted, and before it comes up so you can see the rows to culti vate it. A favorite way with me to prepare the ground for potatoes is to attach four horses to a Thomas har row, put a plank across the three sec tions, and get on and ride. This weight sinks the teeth in to the wood work, and does a large amount of pulverizing at a rapid rate. The har row takes a sweep of some ten feet. All n,y petato ground has been pre pared in this way some years. The work is done soon after plowing lx - fore the soil becomes dry and hard. This is the great point. After the lumps become dry, the barrow would move the around a lit tle, but not pulyerize them much. If it is very drying weather, hitch on to tlte harrow twice a day at least, and pulverize what has been plowed. If a thing must be done any way, why not do it just when it can be done easiest and best ? Do not wear out man and beast trying to pulverize dried clods, but work them down easily and rap idly before they become dried. Some one asks, perhaps. Why pulverize the soil if the roots do not grow in it ? Because otherwise there would be danger of the seed drying up in a dry time, and the fine soil acts as a mulch to prevent the lower soil, where the roots are, from drying out. and tiie cultivator can be run close to the rows without covering the plants when they are small, if the soil is fine and mellow, and you have the right kind of a cultivator, and the right kind of a man hold of it. After harrowing, a heavy roller should be passedover the ground,and it is then ready for marking. If there is any danger of rain, do not roll any faster than you mark and plant, as the loose, harrowed surface will dry off quicker than the rolled one in case of heavy rain, so you can go on with your planting sooner. If there are any hard spots that this much working does not bring down fine enough, go over them witli Acme and roller till they are as mellow as the rest of the field. We give a cut of the Acme harrow, (see adv.) which is the best implement that I have yet used for pulverizing packed ground. If the soil is all rather heavy, it ■ may be necessary t< go over it all again crooswise with the Acme, or a : two-horse cultivator, to be followed by the smoothing harrow again, and 1 the roller. Do not think of planting until it is in propper shape, no mat ter how much work it takes. Thor ough tillage from beginning to end paj-s. Mr. C. A. Kellogg, of Geauga Co. .Ohio, writes me that he put in a part of his potato crop last year thor oughly well, and a part of it, for lack of help, not quite as well, and he says he can see now, af ter digging, that if ise had paid $5.00 or even SIO.OO a day for help to put in all his crop as well as he did a par., of it, he would have been the gainer. This statement, coming from one who raised ‘650 bushels of potatoes from 9 bushels of seed, is worth remembering. Large paying crops rarely come without a good deal of work. My friend could have got all the help he wanted, no doubt, f.r $1.59 a day, and the difference between that sum and §5.00 or $lO.- 00 icpresents the profit he would have made by doing the best he knew how. The extra help does not eat up the extra crop by any means. IIOW DEEP SHALL WE PLOW ? A deep soil, deeply plowed, is un doubtedly best for potatoes ; but this eepening should be done very grad ually, say an inch once in two or three years, until you get your soil as deep as you can turn over with a plow. Drought is one of the greatest enemies of the potato crop; and a deep soil, deeply and thoroughly tilled before planting, will the best withstand dry weather. My best lots are now plowed fully 9 inches deep. On the most of my land I should not expect any good results from subsoil plowing ; but on a shal low, unde'drained clay soil it would probably pay; at any rate I wou'd ad yise parties growing potatoes on such soils to experiment in subsoil ing. particularly if their locality be subject to drought. But by the grow ing of clover manuring, and a grad ual deepening with the plow, au tin derdrained clay soil maj r be made deep enough, periiaps, in time for the best results in potato growing, with out subsoiling. CONOWINGO ITEMS. The high river lias brought along some timber rafts, affording our pilots an oppor tunity to replenish their finances, as rafting is a business that pays well while it lasts. their share of the fall trade. Mr. C. M. Childs, our enterprising hardware merchant, has added a complete line of Stoves to his already extensive stock of housekeeping hardware and can furnish anything in the stove line from the old plantation step stove 'o the double-action-self-sifting-sinoke-eon sumiug- four-story-and-an-attic-gas-hurning parlor cook. Mr. Childs also furnishes a good quality of (candidadate) coal, in fact will undertake to furnish anything needed in the hardware trade. Messrs. K. P. McDowell & Sons and A. C. Crothers are doing a lively trade in firearms anil muni, tions of war, as we are all getting ready for the burglarious villians who have been com mitting so many depredations. An at tempt was made to burglarize the dwelling of Mr. J. R. White at Oakwood one night last week, hut Mr. White was ready for the emergency, and, being also a merciful mam allowed the burglars to depart with whole hides, hut no plunder. Mr. Sunvl. Moore has closed his canning house for the season, finishing up on pumpkins. Mr. Moore intends giving an entertainment, (something like a Martha Washington tea party) to his employees at an early day. He was lately presented with a very fine over coat hv a friend ; and by another and dearer friend with a pair of babies (girls.) Surely Mr. Moore is one of the lucky ones. The camp fire of the Capt. Snow Post, G. A. R., to take place at their encampment at Pleasant Grove, Pa., on Saturday, 31st inst. promises to be a large affair, as the whole neighborhood is invited to partake of the hard tack and army bean supp< r. The lecture under the auspices of the W. C. T. U. at Pleasant Grove Chapel, on the afternoon of the 27th, was well attended. Miss Reno, of Philadelphia, acquitted her self ; but we suspect the younger ones would have been better pleased had there been a few young men along. Mrs. Gilbert Max well, the energetic president of this organi zation, is about to inaugurate a white ribbon movement among the hoys. Nobody. Our Washington Letter, Special Correspondence to the Journal. Washington, D. C , Oct. 27.1885. Washington is about to put on her best bib and tucker to receive in a suitable manner the man who was mainly instrumental in making the city the most beautiful and attractive in the world, When Boss Shepperd was at the head of affairs in the Dis trict of Columbia, he was boss with all that the name implies. He stuck out with a determination to make Washington what the capital of a big country should be, the pride of the American people and the envy of for eign visitors, and how thoroughly he has done the work the streets and parks and general appearance of the city abundantly demonstrate. It mattered not that Shepperd practical j ly impoverished the taxpayer of the One Dollar per Annum in Advance District in the graling and improve ment of the streets, by tlfe extrava gant prices that he paid (dr both labor and material, for property was en hanced in value to that astonishing degree that turned t! e tide of bitter feeling against Sbepperdto one of ab solute admiration. The government pays one half of the tax levy of the city while the citizens pay the other half and a little more, because that for gas and water is levied directly upon the consumer, at exorbitant rates. From 1868 to 1874 while Shep pard was in the vigor of Ins adminis tartion, he expended about thirty one j millions of dollars in bringing Wash iugton out of its poor estate as a swamp and a malarial swamp at that, so that beside the extraordinary ad- I vances in the value of the real estate of the city there was a corresponding increase in the healthfiiiness as well as cleanliness of its population. When the Potomac fiats shall have been deepened and the sewerage of the city completed as it is now pro posed to complete it, there is no :ea son why A\ ashington should not show as clean a bill of freedom from mor tality' as any city in the United States, for all of which she stands indebted to Boss Shepperd. The prospect that the occupation of the compositor and consequent dictations of typographical unions will be gone, is promised by the appear ance of a machine which is capable of setting type and stereotyping the matter as i' goes along. The instru ment has not yet been put- upon pub lic exhibition but it is said that it works admirably. A company of news paper capitalists at any rate have bccomeso thoroughly convinced of its utility, that they have agreed to invest a quarter of a million dollars, making thorough experiments with it. The machine does away with compos itors, it dispenses with stenographers, and it has no use for anybody about a printing office so far as the mechan ical part of the work of getting up a newspaper is concerned. It will only claim perfection when i: furnishes off hand editorials to suit the political tastes of all readers. The machine is of Baltimore manufacture but the name of the inventor lias not trans pired. Surely it looks as if we were going to have a revolution as well as a revelation in the black art. Doji Pedro. School Commissioners. The officers of the School Board were in session on Tuesday. They were principally engaged in examining the case of the teacher of the Warburton school. Miss McVey had been appointed teacher by the board of trustees, but Mahoney, the former teacher, maintained she Lad not received the notice to vacate re quired by law. Mr. R. Iv. Barnes and J. 11. Jones appeared and asked that the Carpen ter Neck school be reopened- It was decided to open it at the beginning of the next term. The contracts of the folio win teachers were examined and t lie teach ers confirmed : Miss Mary B. Miller Fair Hill school; Miss Maud b! Thompson, assistant No. 3, Partridge Trap school, Seventh district; Miss Ruth A. West. Monroe school Sixth I district; Miss E. M. Haines assistant in Rising Sun school and A. G. Irvin | Chapel school, Sixth district.