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—■- ~ j The Farm. —■■■■- ; ■ ! The Peach Orchard. ] There is no large fruit which grows in the temperate zone so highly prized it its season as the peach. And there is no farm we believe in Cecil County on which abundant crops of this delic ious fruit could not be raised if the requisite painstaking and intelligence were employed in its Dlanting and cul tivation. The country on the peninsu la between the two bays is famous for its peach growing. This is doubtless owing in a large measure to the tem perizing influence of these large bodies of water which protect the trees from sudden extremes of cold, or the influ ence of sudden hot waves in spring and itfhe winter months, which are liable to Start the sap and swell the very suscep tible buds of the peach. On our bleak creek and river hills, where the icy northwest winds of winter has unob structed sweep, the last year’s growth and fruit buds are almost sure to be de stroyed in the winter. To avoid this, or protect from the fierce wind and late spring frosts, as well as those unseason able warm days of midwinter, is to in sure a crop of peaches- These obstacles can be circumvented by calling to our aid the requisite skill and knowledge. For a peach orchard choose the southern slope of the highest hill on the place, and plant under the brow but as near the top as pi esible, so that the crest of the hill will break the strong, icy north west blast It is equally important to avoid planting in the valley, as the warm sunny days of February and March are almost sure to start the sap and swell the buds. These warm spells arc followed by cold nights, when the cold air being heaviest rolls down all the valleys forcing the warmer air up the hill sides, thus protecting the trees from frost which is always seen in heavy belts in the valleys after daylight. A thick mulch of half rotted straw under the trees is also a sure protector against the influence which starts the buds too early ; and while the mulch has many valuable qualities as a protector and fertilizer, there is the objection that it provides a harbor for insects, such as the cuvculio, coddling moth, etc This could be obviated by turning it under in the spring and cultivating the trees through the summer. Almost every farm could have on it a peach orchard of one, two or more acres, which with judgment and intelli gent care, would yield more clear profit than any other spot of equal extent on the place. What is Manure? A writer in the Country Gentleman , in answering the above question says: What is the difference, as far as ma nure is concerned whether one plows under a crop of clover as a fertilizer for a potato or wheat crop, or feeds out the clover to stock, and plows under the stable manure? What difference there is, is in favor of the former course, for then the crop gets all the manurial value of the clover, as the stock have not taken a part, and none has been wasted in handl ng So the manure from a ton of clover fed out can never equal in value the clover itself properly plowed under. I think few of your readers wiil differ with me on this poiut. Again, I dislike to say it, but I hon estly believe that more than half of the liquid and solid stable manure, or ex erement from stock, is wasted, in one way or another. Leaky stable floors, over-hot manure heaps, cattle in fence corners and lanes, or going a long way to water in winter, feeding on steep hillside, bams close to a creek, and a dozen other careless things which one cannot help but see if he goes around much in the winter—go to prove this. "When clover is plowed under, all th Oi losses are avoided. " - „ _ ri. - * —— Science for Farmers. The time will certainly come when many farmers will see it to be wise, not Only to help their sons to such ed ucation at home, but also to send them to some one of the schools where scien. ces which are intimately connected with agriculture, aod also the applications of these, are taught. It will not always seem doubtful to even intelligent farm ers whether special education lor the farm can be profitably given in schools. Parsley for Winter Use. Lift a few roots and plant them thick ly in a box or pot for winter use. An old nail keg whose sides are thickly perforated with three quarters to inch holes is filled with loam and parsley plauts introduced so that a crown shall be set in each hole and a lot of plants on top. This is a common parsley winter patch, and may be kept in a light airy celler or room. For a small home supply the kitchen window may be made to do duty, by planting roots in a window box. The ‘‘curled” foliage has been greatly im proved within the past dozen years, but the old double curled is good- Then there is the mo6s curled, the fern leaved, and the plain leaved. The latter is the hardiest of all, and the best to grow for simple flavoring. —Prarie Farmer. Pear Blight. This disease of the pear tree which puzzled horticulturists so long has been discovered by science, or diognosed as the doctors say. The disease known as pear blight is a disease due to living germs, which multiply by millions and indefinitely in damp, decomposing veg etable matter. When dry the germs are carried up by the wind or ascend by evaporation, in fog or moisture, and lodging on the tender leaves or bark of the trees, take root as a parasite, like all the fungus family. The preventive is, keep all decaying vegetable matter away from the orchard, or neighborhood as far as possible Gather the trash of the farm into com post heaps and cover with earth. When the blight makes its appearance cut oil the branch a foot or more below the tainted spot, and burn it. Do not force the trees into too rapid growth by heavy fertilizing, and place no dependence in any kinds of washes, dusting with lime, etc. --•►-< Agricultural Papers. The farmers of the Western States are blessed in having some good Agri cultural Colloges. We have none in the East ou’side of New England. Our Maryland Agricultural College is an irony on the name. Farmers must therefore mainly de pend upon agricultural papers to keep abreast of the times, and their families bright and posted in their every day business which wins for them bread. Prof. Morrow of the Illinois Agricul tural College in a recent paper on this subject says, “A good Agricultural Paper is the cheapest, most convenient, and most readily effective means through which any farmer, young or old. can gain in formation concerning many points in agriculture, and keep himself well post ed concerning agricultural news. Induc ing fai mers’ boys to read such a paper is one of the most effective modes of exciting or increasing their interest in farming affairs. As educators of young farmers those papers which give some explanation of elementary princip'es, much attention to practical details, and careful summaries of current agricul tural progress—discoveries, experiments, etc. —are most valuable, There are more good papers of this kind than ever before, and they are low priced. A choice can be had between those which cover a wide field, and most excellent ones devoted to some one line of agri cultural work, as live stock. Some of t re great news or political papers give much of valuable matter about farming. THKUIBLAND J©©RNAI* There is Deed of care in selection. Much of little practical value is written, just as much which is of very little value is talked.” *• 4 Wheat Up 15 Cents. Yesterday (Nov. 9), No. 2 wheat closed in Chicago at 87$ cents a bush el cash. The same day last year it closed at 72$ cents, an advance of full 15 cents per bushel, or 21 per cent, which means a great deal to the pro ducers The profit only comes in after one gets the actual costs of raising. The price in the country rises and falls with the rate in Chicago. It was doubtless wise for many farmers, to rush their grain to market during the recent advance, that is for those who could not conveniently carry it over to the spring I months. When prices went down they very properly stopped selling. During the past week the total supply of wheat ‘‘in sight” east of the Rocky Mountains, including Canada, increased less than half a million bushels with little export; while the “visible” corn decreased th e -of a million bushels, and the total supply of all grains in market fell off more than a million bushels. Fur ther, the surplus of wheatin sight above the amount at same time last year, with its great crop, has fallen to less than twelve million bushels, whereas the excess was 27 millions when fall mark eting opened —practically a decrease i f 15 million bushels. Word comes now of a larger decrease in the total wheat yield for 1885 in Russia. Consumption of wheat is going right on, nearly 4$ million bushels every week, in our own country. • MOM How A Horse Feeds. Something may be learned by ob serving how ahorse picks up his teed' either in grazing or when fed in the stable. One will hayc a very good idea of the sensitiveness of the up per lip, and how cleverly the horse gathers in the choice herbage or hay. and rejects the waste. This mobile, prehcnsible lip is constantly in mo lion, and by its sense of feeling, sep arates the selected food from that which is rejected. The horse can not see the herbage exactly under the mouth, but the lip pushes away the undesirable food, and gathers with the greatest precision, that which is sejected from the rest. In a weedy pasture, this instinct of the lip is brought into action in a most peculiar and interesting manner, and exhibits in a striking degree, the exquisite sensitiveness of the deli cate nerves of this organ. One who has not seen this action of the lip. and realize the great sensitiveness ol it, will never permit himself to pract ice the excessive cruelty of putting a twitch about a horse’s upper lip tbr any purpose, for the torture of it must be very great indeed—Amen cn; Agriculturi. t for November. - Om Terry’s Rotation. A correspondent asks me to ex plain how I managed to have a reg ular rotation, and get in clover so often, and still have my cultivated land in potatoes. This is the rotation practiced at present : 1. Timothy and clover. 2. Potatoes. 3. Potatoes. 4. Wheat, seeded with clover. 5. Potatoes. 0- Wheat, seeded with timothy and j clover. Of the three pieces to be put in potatoes next year, one has a heavy growth of cloveron—sown last spring on wheat—heavy enough to make three big loads of hay to the acre. This will be plowed under. Anoth er, a clover and timothy sod, will have all the stable manure we make this winter, probably, put on during the winter, aud plowed under, after | the rains have soakel it well iuto'i ~* * ii.os-j tvi # q-i* the sod. The other piece, where we had potatoes this year (a manured clover sod last year), will get a heavy clover haulm, after the clover is hul led, which will be plowed under. It will bother us to turn under oil the manure (in a broad sense) that we shall have for these 8 acres, and still we sell the wheat and potatoes, and mostly, from five-9ixths of our culti vated land. It is easy to see that we could do nothing without clover, at least noth ing like what we are doing. In 1882, we planted 24 acres of potatoes, be cause one six acres of wheat was frozen so we were afraid to risk it. As we were building that year, and likely to want all the money we could make, we did not like to run the risk of losing the U9e of six acres of good land. Last year we had to put in 24 acres again in order to get into regular order once more. The American Bee Journal [Established in 1861.] [ I ©-page Weekly—s | .OO a Year.] IS the Oldest. Largest and- Cheapest weekly bee paper in the World. Sam ple free. Address BEE JOURNAL, Chicago, 111 I : 1831 TheCU a VATO,i 1880 THE BESTiOF THE AGRICULTURAL WEEKLIES. Tiie Country Gentleman is the Lead ing Journal of American Agriculture. In . amount and practical value of Contents, in extent and ability of Correspondence, in quality of paper and style of publication, it occupies the FIRST RANK. It is believ ed to have no superior in either of the three chief dsvisions of Paptn Ciraps aadl Processes,, 1 Wertieuittwro & Uve Stock and Dairying, while it also includes all minor departments of rural interest, such as the Poultry Yard, Etomologv, Bee-Keeping, Greenhouse and Grapery, Veterinary Replies, Farm Ques tions aud Answers, Fireside Reading, Do mestic Economy, and a snmmarv of the News of the Week. Its Market Reports are unusually complete, and much atten tion is paid to the Prospects of the crops, as* throwini? light upon one of the most impor tant questions— When In Bug, and When lo Sell. It is liberally Illustrated, and is in tended to supply, in a continually increas ing degree, and in the best sense of the term A LIVE AGRICULTURAL NEWSPAPER. Although the Country Gentleman has been sreatly ENLARGED by increas ing its size from l(i to 20 pages weekly, the terms continue as betetofore, when paid strietlv in advance: One Copy, one year $2.50; Four Copies, $lO, and an addi tional cong f nr M'.e sender of Ihe Club ; Ten Copies S2O, and an additional copy for the year free to the sender of the Club. 4il“All New Subscribers for 1880, pay ing in advance now. will receive the paper WEEKLY, from our receipt of the remittance to January Ist, 188(1. WITHOUT CHARUE. Copies free. Address LUTHER TUCKER & SON, Pi es., Albany, N. Y. The Best Newspaper in America, and by far the Most Readable. Agents wanted everywhere to earn money in distributing the Sun’s Pre miums. The most interesting and advanta geous offers ever made by any News paper. No Subscriber ignored or neglected. Something for all. Beautiful and Substantial Premiums in Standard Gold and other\Vatchoß,Va!uabie Books, tko Best Family Sewing Machine | known to the trade, and an unequaled list | of objects of real utility and instruction. Rates, by Mail, Postpaid: DAILY, per Year (without Sunday) $6 00 ! DAILY, per Month (without Sunday) 50 SUNDAY, per Year ... |OO FOR EVERY DAY IN THE YEAR 7 00 WEEKLY, per Year . . . 100 Address THE SUX, New York City. HEADS rnd all Bilious Complaints are relieved by taking , WRIGHTS INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS Fanil YuttUUt; Ke G:t*iag. Flips £3s. All Srajglits. I DRY GOODS, AT RETAIL and WHOLESALE. HAMILTON EASTER & SONS. 199, 201. 203 W. BALTIMORE ST., Jp. Import Direct from Europe Black and Colored Dress Goods r Black and Colored Dress Silks, Brocade & Fancy Silks & Velvets Linens. Hosiery and Underwear, Ladies’and Misses'Wraps, 1 Embroideries, Laces and White Goods. Are Large Buyers, direct from the Manufact urers, of PQMESTIG PRY GOODS,, Domestic Cottons, Calicoes, uinghans, 1 LOW PRICED DRESS GOODS. Furnished Free of Postage, r o TO MERCHANTS. Will furnish merchants Samples for t their customers to select from at lowest ' Wholesale Piece Prices. Any length cut at same price. Merchant (fan buy of us Styles entire* - ly different from those carried by vegu ( lar wholesale houses. oct 9-3 m fßOPmeroßs. Pittsburgh, pa. I lue above named medicine, and also* * Seilers’Jamacia Ginger for sale by Dr. L* j It. Kirk, ltising Sun, Md. steam engine loSTprices! nrCOMPARE th SIZES and PRICES of our Engines Wehave So Agentsor middlemen to pro tect by adding ooinuiissious which customers must pay. H, Pou er. Cylinder. I’rice.onW/ieela. 4 Ex 8 Stroke. . . . 2450 6 8 IO 13 SJ*i2 “ .... 350 20 io*!6 “ •• • • 1250 fct iif for ary FiiKinesA 2 KO IFJorsc }'ower Boilers of ui\y ptyiA or po.vpr Stm-Tanks. Furnace Saw Millti. Flour Mill tul Miuirur Machinery Steam Pumpa. Curtrifugal Pumps, ('m uneries fitted cp. Kark end Cob Mill, and afiurhintats. fc tn< c J r* r A, a 333 l\ Frltan SC. i UIiU Safe i & £>'J fill i.AMASTi;iM'A. HIGHLANDS HOUSE, JGSEPH FR.ITTS, Propria':or. HIGHLANDS, MACON CO., NORTH CAROLINA. (ALTITUDE YEARLY Wit) / EEj., HEALTH HD SHOES 883C3T The Hotel is a commodious and noi>t hoarding house convenient to Prat Ofltoe and s*oros. Wo have pleasant suites of rooms for f.ioo'ira. Our table is supplied with the best the ma. . ■: affords. Terms reasonable. One mile of easy aseent to the to,, of M‘. Satula, ■living oho 't rho le*st views of t1,.. who * range. Five miles drive tod In-top of the fa,u nis White Side Mountain. Other tirand peeks. also water falls too numerous to mention. Health end pleas* ore seekers and lovers of nature ms \ timl hero a mild climate, exempt,from great e-.iiono s of heat and cold. pure, invigorating air. pun u]d spring waler. and gr ndust mountain s .. ry ■.. tof the Rooky Mountains. Onr grandand el ", tudregion of mountain country ami latitude m:. outs forour h 0,/, eool and era,, summer oliniti . the delight of all who spend a summer lu re. No m osquito is, tew flies and inserts. Onr lieiiiilll.il 'own site es near the eresf ~ftne nine llidg.. about five miles from rlii* Georgia line, and enipali.s uesrlv UOO of the best class, Krom nearLv ovorv Slate in the Union. Good snidery, exrellent arhooi". ehnrch privileges, stores, mills, boarding hone s and sev en! tine dwellings. We shall oonlia ie to try to make t'la visits ot our guests to th ■ Highlands pleas mt ones. We esneci ifiy sidici t to*. patronage of thus i who wisti to tarry long in th is T.aud of the Sky .” , Highlands is 30 miles north of Walhalla. South Camilla. 3 1 miles south 01 Webster, on tho Western N. it It R. Hood harks and stages at Svlva. nea- Webster, at Bie*nati*s, Wa'-ialla or at Holland & Sift in’.Reneei, S. a.. on Vir T.tue R.B, ready to bring passengers to Highlands at reason*, • n*. .alts. JOdEPH FRITTB, Proprietor.