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PRESIDENT IMS '
WAR ON AUSTRIA Message to All the World Outlining America’s Peace Ideal Present German Govern* ment Impossible in League of Honor Washington, Dec. 4.—President Wil son delivered to Congress an address, considered so important in its rela tions to international affairs, that it has been transmitted in advance by the Government to practically every other capital in the world. Immediate declaration of war against Austria-Hungary was recommended by President Wilson. The President did not, however, recommend a declaration of war against Turkey and Bulgaria at this time. The President spoke, as follows: Gentlemen of the Congress: Eight months have elapsed since I last had the honor of addressing you. They have, been months crowded with events of immense and grave sig nificance for us. I shall not undertake to detail or even to summarize those events. The practical particulars of the part we have played in them will be laid be fore you in the reports of the executive departments. I shall discuss only our present outlook upon those vast af fairs, our present duties and the im mediate means of accomplishing the objects we shall hold always in view. "Our Object le To Win the War.” I shall not go back to debate the causes of the war. The intolerable wrongs done and planned against us by the sinister masters of Germany have long since become too grossly obvious and odious to every true American to need to be rehearsed. But I shall ask you to consider again and with a very grave scrutiny our ob jectives and the measures by which we mean to attain them; for the purpose of discussion here in this place is action and our action must move straight toward definite aims. Our object is, of course, to win the war and we shall not slacken or suffer ourselves to be diverted until it is won. But it is worth while asking and answering the question, When shall we consider the war won? From one point of view it is not necessary to broach this fundamental matter. Ido not doubt that the Ameri can people know what the war is about and what sort of an outcome they will regard as a realization of their pur pose in it. As a nation we aye united in spirit and intention. "Let Dissenters Strut Their Uneasy Hours." I pay little heed to those who tell me otherwise. I hear the voices of, dissent: who does not? I hear the criticism and the clamor of the noisy, thoughtless and troublesome. I also see men here and there fling them selves in impotent disloyalty against the calm, indomitable power of the nation. I hear men debate peace who understand neither its nature nor the way we may attain it with uplifted eyes and unbroken spirits. But I know that none of these speaks for the nation. They do not touch the heart of anything. They may safely be left to strut their uneasy hour and be forgotten. But from another point of view I believe that it is necessary to say plainly what we here at the seat of action consider the war to be for and what part we mean to play in the set tlement of its searching issues. We are the spokesmen of the American people and they have a right to know whether their purpose is ours. They desire peace by the overcoming of evil, by the defeat once for all of the sinister forces that interrupt peace and render it impossible and they wish to know how closely our thought runs with theirs and what action we pro pose. They are impatient with those who desire peace by any sort of conj promise deeply and indignantly im patient—but they will be equally im patient with us if we do not make it plain to them what our objectives are and what we are planning for in seek ing to make conquest of peace by arms. "This Intolerable Thing—Must Be Crushed.” I believe that I speak for them, when I say two things: First, that this i Intolerable thing of which the mas \ ters of Germany have shown us the \ ugly face, this menace of combined in 's trigue and force which we now see so Vlearly as the German power, a thing Without conscience or honor or capac ity for covenanted peace must be crushed and, if it be not utterly brought to an end, at least shut out from the friendly intercourse of the nations; and second, that when this thing and its power are indeed defeat ed and the tim,e comes that we can discuss peace—when the German peo ple have spokesmen whose word we can believe and when those spokesmen are ready 'in the name of their people to accept the common judgment of the nations as what shall henceforth be V the bases of law of covenant for the life of the world—we shall be willing and glad to pay the full price for peace and pay it ungrudgingly. We know what that price will be. It wfi. he full, impartial justice—jus tice done at ever;- point, and to every nation that the final settlement must affect, our enemies, as well as our friends. You catch, with me, the voices of humanity that are in the air. They grow daily more audible, more articu late, more persuasive, and they come from the hearts of men everywhere. They insist that the war shall not end in vindictive action of any kind; that, no nation or people shall be robbed or punished because the irresponsible rulers of a single country have them selves done deep and abominable wrong. It is this thought that has been expressed in the formula, ‘no annexa tion, no contributions, no punitive in demnities.’ Just because this crude formula ex presses the instinctive judgment as to right of plain men everywhere it has been made diligent use of by the mas ters of German intrigue to lead the people of Russia astray—and the peo ple of every other country their agents could reach, in order that a premature peace might be brought about before autocracy has been taught its final and convincing lesson, and the people of the world put in control of their own destinies. Autocracy Must Be Dethroned. But the fact that a wrong use has been made of a just idea is no reason why a right use should not be made of it. It ought to be brought under the patronage of its real friends. Let it be said again that autocracy must first be shown the utter futility of its claims to power or to leadership in the modern world. It is impossible to ap ply any standard of justice so long as such forces are unchecked and unde feated as the present masters of Ger many command. Not until that has been done can right be set up as arbiter and peace maker among the nations. But when that has been done —as, God, willing, it assuredly will be —we shall at last be free to do an unprecedented thing and this is the time to avow our pur pose to do it. We shall be free to base peice on generosity and justice, to the exclusion of all selfish claims to advantage even on the part of the vic tors. Our Task Is To Win the War. Let there be no misunderstanding. Our present and immediate task is to win the war, and nothing shall turh us aside from it until it Is accom plished. Every power and resource we possess, whether of men, of money or of materials, is being devoted and will continue .to be devoted to that purpose until it is achieved. Those who desire to bring peace about before that purpose is achieved I counsel to carry their advice else where. We will not entertain it. We shall regard the war as won only when the German people say to us, through properly accredited representatives, that they are ready to agree to a set tlement based upon justice and the reparation of the wrongs their rulers have done. They have done a wrong to Belgium 1 which must be repaired. They have established a power over other lands and peoples than their own—over the great Empire of Austria-Hungary, over hitherto free Balkan States, over Tur key and within Asia —which must be relinquished. Teuton Allies Must Be Liberated. Germany’s success by skill, by in dustry, by knowledge, by enterprise we did not grudge or oppose, but ad mired rather. She had built up for herself a real empire of trade and in fluence, secured by the peace of the world. We were content to abide the rivalries of manufacture, science and commerce that were involved for us in her success and stand or fall as we had or did not have the brains and the initiative to surpass her. But at the moment when she had conspicuously won her triumphs of peace she threw them away, to estab lish in their stead what the world will no longer permit to be established, military and political domination by arms, by which to oust where she could not excel the rivals she most feared and hated. The peace we make must remedy that wrong. It must deliver the once fair lands and happy peoples of Bel gium and Northern France from the I Prussian conquest and the Prussian i menace, but it must also deliver the peoples of Austria-Hungary, the peo ples of the Balkans and the peoples of Turkey, alike in Europe and in Asia, from the impudent and alien domina tion of the Prussian military and com mercial autocracy. Does Not Wish To Meddle In Austria. We owe it, however, to ourselves to say that we do not wish in any way to impair or to rearrange the Austro- Hungarian Empire. It is no affair of ours what they do with their own life, either industrially or politically. We do not purpose or desire to dictate to them in any way. We only desire to see that their affairs are left in their own hands in all matters, great or small. We shall hope to secure for the peoples of the Balkan peninsula and for the people of the Turkish Em pire the right and opportunity to make . their own lives safe, their own fortunes | secure against oppression or injustice i and from the dictation of foreign i | courts or parties. And our attitude and purpose with ' j regard to Germany herself are of a ! ! like kind. MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN, MD. - - 111! I 111 1 Intend No Wrong Against German Empire. We intend no wrong against the German Empire, no interference with, her internal afTairs. We should deem cither the one or the other absolutely unjustifiable, absolutely contrary to the principles we have professed to live by and to hold most sacred throughout our life as a nation. The people of Germany are being told by the men whom they now per mit to deceive them and to act as their master® that they are fighting for the very life and existence of their em pire, a war of desperate self-defense against deliberate aggression. Noth ing could be more grossly or wantonly false, and we must seek by the utmost openness and candor as to our real alms to convince them of its false ness. We are, in fact, fighting for their emancipation from fear, along with our own, from the fear as well as from the fact of unjust attack by neighbors or rivals or schemers after world em pire. No one is threatening the exist ence or the independence of the peace ful enterprise of the German Empire. The worst that dan happen to the detriment of the German people is this, that if they should still, after the war is over, continue to be obliged to live under ambitious and intriguing masters interested to disturb the peace of the world, men or classes of men whom the other peoples of the world could not trust, it might be impossible to admit them to the partnership of nations, which must henceforth guar antee the world’s peace. “Must Be Partnership Of All Peoples.” That partnership must be a partner ship of peoples, not a mere partner ship of Governments. It might be im possible, also, in such untoward cir cumstances, to admit Germany to the free economic intercourse, which must inevitably spring out of the other part nerships of a real peace. But there would be no aggression in that, and such a situation, inevitable because of distrust, would in the very nature of things sooner or later cure itself by processes which would assuredly set in. Wrongs Must Be Righted. The wrongs, the very deep wrongs, committed in this war will have to be righted. That, of course. But they cannot and must not be righted by the commission of similar wrongs against Germany and her allies. The world will not permit the commission of simi lar wrongs as a means of reparation and settlement. Statesmen must by this time have learned that the opin ion of the world is everywhere wide awake and fully comprehends the is sues involved. No representative of any self-governed nation will dare dis regard it by attempting any such cov enants of selfishness and compromise as were entered into at the Congress of Vienna. The thought of the plain people here and everywhere throughout the world, the people who enjoy no privilege and have very simple and unsophisticated standards of right and wrong, is the air all Governments must henceforth breathe if they would live. No Opinions Of Their Own. It is in the full disclosing light or that thought that all policies must be conceived and executed in this mid day hour of the world’s life. German rulers have been able to upset the peace of the world only be cause the German people were not suf fered under their tutelage to share the comradeship of the other peoples of the world, either in thought or pur pose. They were allowed to have no opin ion of their own which might be set up as a rule of conduct for those who exercised authority over them. But the congress that concludes this war will feel the full strength of the tides that run now in the hearts and con sciences of free men everywhere. Its conclusions will run with those tides. All these things have been true from the very beginning of this stupendous war; and I cannot help thinking that if they had been made plain at the very outset the sympathy and en thusiasm of the Russian people might have been once for all enlisted on the side of the Allies, suspicion and dis trust swept away and a real and last ing union of purpose effected. Russian People Poisoned By Lies. Had they believed these things from the vpry moment of their revolution, and had they been confirmed in that belief since, the sad reverses which have recently marked the progress of : their affairs towards an ordered and stable government of free men might have been avoided. The Russian peo ple have been poisoned by the very same falsehoods that have kept the German people in the dark, and the poison has been administered by the very same hands. The only possible antidote is uttered too plaimy, nor too often. From every point of view, therefore, it has seemed to be my duty to speak these declarations of purpose, to add these specific interpretations to what I took the liberty of saying to the Sen ate in January. Our entrance into the -war has not altered our attitude to ward the settlement that must come When it is over. When I said in Jan uary that the nations of the world were entitled not only to free path ways upon the sea, but also to assured j and unmolested access to those path i ways, I was thinking, and I am think ; ing now, not of the smaller and weaker ' nations alone, which need our counten ' ance and support, but also of the great j and powerful nations, and of our pres -1 ent enemies as well as our present as | sociates in the war. We Are Seeking World Peace. I was thinking, and am thinking now of Austria herself, among the rest, as well as of Serbia and of Poland. Jus tice and equality of rights can be had only at a great price. We are seeking permanent, not temporary, founda tions for the peace of the world and must seek them candidly and fear lessly. As always, t,he right will prove to be the expedient. “What shall we do then to push this great war of freedom and justice to its righteous conclusion? We must clear away with a thorough hand all impediments to success and we must miake every adjustment of law that will facilitate the full and free use of our whole capacity and force as a fight ing unit. Declare War Immediately On Auetria- Hungary. One very embarrassing obstacle that stands in our way Is that we are at war with Germany, but not with her allies. I therefore very earnestly recommend that the Congress imme diately declare the United States in a state of war with Austria-Hungary. Does it-seem strange to you that this should be the conclusion of the argu ment I have just addressed to you? It is not. It is, in fact, the inevitable logic of what I have said. Austria- Hungary is for the time being not her own mistress, but simply the vassal of the German Government. We must face the facts as they are and act upon them without sentiment in this stern ‘business. The Government of Aus tria-Hungary is not acting upon,its own initiative or in response to the wishes and feelings of its own peoples, but as the instrument of another nation. “Turkey and Bulgaria Also Germany's Tools.” We must meet its force with our own and regard the Central Powers as but one. The war can be successfully conducted in no other way. The same logic would lead also to a declaration of war against Turkey and Bulgaria. They also are the tools of Germany. But ‘they are mere tools and do not yet stand in the direct path of our neces sary action. We shall go wherever the neces sities of this war carry us, but it seems to me that we should go only where immediate and practical considerations lead us, and not heed any others. The financial and military measures which must be adopted will suggest themselves as the war and its under takings develop, but I will take the liberty of proposing to you certain other acts of legislation which seems to me to be needed for the support of the war and for the release of our whole force and energy. It will be necessary to extend In cer ta*n particulars the legislation of the last session with regard to alien enemies; and also necessary, I believe, to create a very definite and particular control over the entrance and depar ture of all persons into and from the United States. To Restrain Female As Well AS Male Enemies. Legislation should be enacted defin ing as a criminal offense every wilful violation of the Presidential proclama tion relating to alien enemies promul gated under Section 1007 of the Re vised Statutes and providing appro priate punishment; and women as well as men should be included under the terms of the acts placing restraints upon alien enemies. It is likely that as time goes on many alien enemies will be willing to be fed and housed at the expense of the Government in the detention camps and it would be the purpose of the legislation I have sug gested to confine offenders among them in penitentiaries and other similar in stitutions where they could be made to work as other criminals do. LAWYER SLACKER TO PRISON. Detroit Socialist Fined And Debarred From U. S. Courts. Detroit, Mich. —Morris Sugar, a well-known local attorney and Social ist, pleaded guilty in the United States District Court to failing to reg ister and to attempting to obstruct the selective draft law. He was fined 1500 for the latter offense and was sentenced to one year in the Detroit House of Correction for failing to reg ister. Sugar also was debarred from practicing in the Federal courts. LINER SUNK; 80 LOST. British Ship Apapa Torpedoed—l2o Passengers Saved, Lifeboats Shelled. London. The British steamer Apapa has been torpedoed and sunk. Eighty passengers and the crew of the vessel perished. About 120 pas sengers were saved. It is reported that the submarine fired on women and children in open boats. The Apapa was a t vessel of 7,832 tons. L BIG DRYDOCK FIRE. Loss Of $1,000,000 On The South Brooklyn Waterfront. New York.—Four large buildings at the Morse Dry Dock and Repair Com pany, on the South Brooklyn water front were destroyed by fire with an I estimated loss of $1,000,000. The i origin of the fire is unknown. United j States soldiers on duty at the plant declared that the fire started sudden ■ ly in the carpenter shop, where hun ■ dreds of men were working, and then • quickly spread to other buildings. Mexico exported 2,000,000 tons of pe troleum during June and July and the j supply is steadily increasing. must urn THERAILROADS Commerce Commission Recom mends Uniiication WAR’S STRAIN IS TERRIFIC Special Report Sent To Congress Says That Competition Must Be Elim inated To Prevent Serious s Breakdown. Washington.—lmmediate action to effect national unification of the rail roads, either by government operation or by suspension for the war of anti trust find anti-pooling laws, a federal loan and regulation of security issues to permit more effective voluntary co operation, wafe recommended by the .Inter-State Commerce Commission in a special report to Congress. Neither plan was specifically in dorsed, but an implication that the majority believed the railroads might successfully work out their own uni fication prompted Commissioner Mc- Chord to submit a separate report emphatically urging government con trol and saying "the strong arm of government authority is essential if the transportation situation is to be radically improved.” Any voluntary pooling plan would fail to meet war exigencies, he declared, because of the unavoidable influence of selfish ness among roads. There was no disagreement as to the proposition that competition among railroads must be diminished, if not altogether eliminated, to pre vent a serious breakdown of trans portation facilities under the war’s strain. The railroads’ own proposed solu tion for the difficulties —an increase in rates in order to attract capital— was characterised as entirely inade quate by the commission. Even with more funds, the report said, the shortage of equipment could not be remedied materially because of the inability of industries to manufacture it. Doubt also was expressed whether sufficient capital would be attracted in view of the flotation of such enor mous quantities of government war securities. These considerations led the com mission to what it considered an in evitable conclusion that a high state of efficiency could be maintained for the railroads only by thorough co operation, elimination of duplication of routes and other elements of ex pense and energy and elimination of the economic waste which comes from competition. This -would mean, it was pointed out, a complete re construction of the -policies under which railroads have been developed. If the alternative of government operation under the direction of the President be adopted, said the com mission, suitable guaranty of an ade quate annual return should be given, with provision by which the roads could reimburse the government for improvements after the properties are returned to private owners. The only hint of the commission’s attitude toward the railroads’ pend ing application for 15 per cent, higher rates was given in an assertion that the roads are entitled to demand just and reasonable rates sufficient to yield fair returns, and the com ment that although railway earnings in the past year have broken all rec ords, the purchasing power of the earnings is greatly decreased. 8 PERISH IN EXPLOSION. Two Others Missing And Over 25 Injured At Chemical Plant. Pittsburgh, Pa.—Eight men were killed, two are missing, and more than 25 were injured, many of them seriously, by an explosion that wrecked the “T. N. T.” plant of the Aetna Chemical Company at Heidel berg, a suburb. The explosion did damage estimated at $250,000 to the plant- and shattered windows in fac tories and homes for a radius of nearly two miles. All of the dead and Injured are employes of the company. MORE U-BOAT VICTIMS. Sixteen British Merchantmen Of More Than 1,600 Tons Sunk. London. —Sixteen British merchant men of more than 1 600 tons were sunk by mines or submarines in the past week, according to the Admiralty statement. One vessel under 1,600 tons and four fishing vessels also were sunk. The losses to British ship ping by mine or submarine the pre vious week comprised fourteen mer chantmen of 1.600 tons or over and seven of less than that tonnage. WAR WORKERS COMPLAIN. Belief That Firms Get Excess Profits Cause Of Unrest. Washington.—Unrest among work ers on war contracts because of the belief that the firms are taking ex cess profits is reported by a federal survey of labor conditions in New York state. The survey finds large numbers of women replacing men and workers being laid off in nonessential industries. ♦ ♦' I t TEXT OF WAR RESOLUTION. ♦ Whereas, The imperial and royal*. ♦Austro-Hungarian government hasj ♦ severed diplomatic relations with* the government of the United I 1 Static and has committed acts war against the government and, the people of the United States of ' America, among which are Its ad- > herence to the policy of ruthless"' ♦ submarine warfare adopted by its" $ ally, the imperial German govern-!! ♦ ment, with which the United States““ I f of Amerlea is at war, and <by glv-,,. ing Its ally active support arid aid]' both on land and sea in the prose-"- cution of the war against the gov-!' eminent and people of the United;- States of America, therefore, be it,!! Resolved, By the Senate and!; House of Representatives of the,, United State sof America in Con-!! gress assembled, that a state of - 1 war be and Is hereby declared to!! exist and to have existed sinco noon ; 1 of the fifth day of December, 1917,,. between the United States of Amer-; | iea and the imperial and royal Aus-<- Itro-Hungarian government; and!! that the President be and ie hereby authorized and directed to employ!! the entire naval and military forces of the United States and the!, resources of the government to!! carry on war against the Imperial*" !and royal Austro-Hungarian gov-!! ernment and to bring the conflict to" a successful termination all the re-!! I sources of the country are hereby!! pledged by the Congress of the,. United States. !! FOR COMPLETE UNII^ Needs Of Each Nation Studied- French Foreign Office Announces Economic, Financial And Mil itary Accord Is Realized. Paris. —The Foreign Office officially announced that at the recent Inter allied Conference, in which the United States participated, agreements were concluded “upon the basis of a com plete understanding and close soli darity among the Allies for the solu tion of the questions in which they have a common interest in the war.” It also was announced that the creation of a supreme Interallied naval committee had been decided upon. The Interallied general staff; it was stated, was working upon a definite military program which was placing unity Of military action in the way of certain realization. The announcement regarding the results of the conference was made in the following official statement: “The Minister of Foreign Affairs re ported to the Cabinet Council the result of the conference of the Allies. The reading of communications from the presidents of each section of the Allied Conference, at which were present for the first time representa tives of all the countries taking part with us in this war, has given fe licitous results from every point df view. They give assurance of prac tical unity of action, economically, fi nancially and militarily. “The agreements have been con cluded upon the basis of a complete understanding and close solidarity M among the Allies for the solution the questions in which they have a ■ common interest in the war. The fi- t nancia! needs of each of them, the requirements of their armament, their transport, their food, have been the subjects of profound study which guarantees perfect satisfaction. The creation of a supreme Interallied Naval Committee had been deter mined upon. Military unity of action has been placed upon the course of certain realization by the Interallied general staff which is at work upon an established program of all military questions. “From a diplomatic point of view entire accord resulted from the dis cussions among the representatives of the powers upon all the business which has been arranged together, to assure the common victory of their countries.” 13 FALL IN FRANCE. Pershing Reports Two Killed, Seven v Severely Wounded in Action. Washington.—General Pershing re ported to the War Department the names of two men killed in action in France, seven men severely wounded and four slightly wounded. The casualties occurred between November 12 and 17. General Persh ing’s message gave no details, but the men are believed to have been with units occupying front-line trenches in France. -■% -/ Those killed were: '\ ■( Corporal Virgil G. Winebrenner, in fantry, November 12; father, Andrew J. Winebrenner, Marion, Ind. BANK ROBBED IN DAYLIGHT. Officials Of Chicago Institution Herd- 1 ed In Back Room. Chicago.—Five bandits robbed the Stockmen’s Trust and Savings Bank, in the stockyards district, of SIO,OOO or more and drove away in an auto mobile. The president of the bank and seven employes were herded into a back room while the robbers rifled the safe.