Newspaper Page Text
nS> fern § l jSjt
I—View1 —View in the great British Empire exhibition soon to open in Wembley, near London. 2 —The Grevy man sion In Paris bought by Ambassador Herrick for the United States for its embassy. 3 —The Minute Man statue at Lexington, Mass., where the one hundred and forty-eighth anniversary of Paul Revere’s ride and the Battle of Lexington will be celebrated April 19. NEWS REVIEW OF CURBENTEVEHTS Attorney General Daugherty Resigns at the Request of President Coolidge. By EDWARD W. PICKARD AT LAST President Coolidge has rid himself and his administra tion of the incubus of Attorney Gen eral Daugherty. Last Thursday the President Jn writing ashed the resigna tion of Daugherty from the cabinet. The resignation was received at the White House next morning and was immediately accepted. It went into effect at once. Mr. Coolidge’s immediate reason for requesting Daugherty to get out was the position the latter had taken in refusing to open the confidential files of the Department of Justice to the Brookhart investigating committee. Daugherty made good in his expressed determination not to leave the cab inet unless the President directly asked him to do so. Now he and his supporters feel that he has not been fairly treated, in that the investiga tion Into his conduct has not been completed. AL JENNINGS, evangelist, politi cian and former train robber, presented to the senate oil committee his promised “whale of a story.” It was to the effect that In 1020 the late Jake Hamon, then Republican national committeeman from Oklahoma, told him that Harding was to be nominated for president and that it had cost Hamon $1,000,000. He 6aid that $250,- 000 of this was given to the late Sen ator Penrose of Pennsylvania 'and $25,000 to Will Hays. Hamon told him, continued Jennings, that he was to be made secretary of the Interior and was to share in public lands. However, be was killed soon after the election. Jennings also quoted Hamon as hav ing said that with the money he would make he eventually would become president of the United States. “Wasn’t Hamon for Wood at the start?” asked Senator Bursum. “He never liked Wood,” Jennings replied. “He said Wood was too much Impregnated with the d—d fool hon esty of Theodore Roosevelt. Roxie Stinson told the senate com mittee Investigating Attorney General Daugherty a lot more alleged facts damaging to the reputation of him and his associates, and some of them were confirmed from other sources. Her most sensational story was about a “$33,000,000 oil stock deal” carried out in the fall of 1922 by five men of na* tlonal prominence, whom she declined, for the time being, to name. She said Daugherty and Jess Smith, her di vorced husband, were sore because they were not in on 1L This alleged deal was In Sinclair stocks, but Roxle’s story was so vague that it was re-' garded generally as fanciful. Harry Sinclair’s refusal to answer any more questions of the Teapot Dome committee was reported to the senate and tliat body, by a vote of 72 to 1, decided to turn the matter over to the federal grand Jury. The ques tion is one of the constitutional limi tations of the powers of congress, and ft will ultimately be carried to the Supreme court for decision. C. C. Chase, son-in-law of Albert Fall, also refused to testify, and as be held the position of collector of customs at El Paso the senate voted for his impeach ment for conspiracy by the house. It vfas informed that Chase had already resigned, but, as Senator Heflin boomed, “too late, too late, the day of judgment has come.” The President still, to all appear ance, Is not disconcerted by the oil and Daugherty revelations. Last week, at the suggestion of the general board of the navy, he appointed a comgnissioner to determine the best means of conserving the nation's oil supply. The members are George Otis Smith, director of the geological sur vey; Rear Admiral Hilary P. Jones, U. S. N., president of the general board and former commander in chief of the United States fleet, and H. D. - * \ ' \ Bush of the bureau of mineralogy of the state of California. I T> EPRESENTATIVE LANGLEY of | Jtv Kentucky and five other men (were indicted in Washington for con spiracy to interfere with the operation of the prohibition law and to defraud the government. JUST as plans for the peaceful set tlement of the reparations atd other post-war troubles of Europe were beginning to move steadily * toward accomplishment, M. Lasteyrie, French minister of finance, “pulled a boner” last Wednesday and compelled , Premier Poincare and his cabjnet to ' resign. There was considerable dis may in diplomatic circles, but this’wus | allayed when M. Poincare, after con | suiting the presidents of the senate i and chamber of deputies, yielded to ' the request of President MlUerand ahd consented to form a new ministry. The incident, after all, turned out ad -1 vantageously, for the premier was en abled to get rid of several ministers ’ whose unpopularity has hampered him. Lasteyrie’s failure to control the financial situation had made him the object of frequent attacks, and when oh Wednesday he demanded an imme diate vote by the deputies on the gov ernment’s pension bill the chamber sent it to a committee for Investiga tion. Lasteyrfe thereupon called f<y a vote of confidence —a parliamentary blunder —and this was refused, 264 to 271. The resignation of the cabinet followed as a matter of course. Poin care, however, felt that he must retain the reins of government until the re port of the committee of experts has been published and also believed he should carry on the series of conver sations with Prime Minister MacDon ald concerning French security. There fore he undertook the formation of a new cabinet. THERE seems to be ground for the hope that the Anglo-French con versations will lead to an agreement giving security to France and. In con junction with the Dawes plan, to a sqtflement of the reparations prob lem. It is taken for granted that Ger many will accept the experts’ report, bqt It will urge that the German rail ways be heavily mortgaged and put In thp control of a board of trustees In stead of being internationalized. The Berlin government announced that the agreement between the Ruhr indus trialists and France, which provided France and the allies with coal. In exchange for which the manufacturers were allowed freedom of operations, could not be renewed on April 15. when it expires, because the govern ment could no longer pay for the prod ucts delivered. The Association of -Rhineland Industries therefore offered the following basis for a new agree ment: The German Industrialists will de liver 12% per cent of the coal output, as called for In the previous agree ment, provided France and Belgium in turn facilitate Ruhr production by re ducing the reparations coal tax and the cost for the transportation of freight, on the Franco-Belgian con trolled railway system in the Rhine land and Ruhr. Poincare, according to Paris dis patches, has an ambitious program by which he hopes to save Europe. If a pact for French security can be ar ranged with Great Britain, he will soon meet Premier Theunis of Belgium to consolidate their positions, and then will call three great conferences. The first will Include the allies, the second the allies and Germany, and the third, Intended to make a com plete settlement of the European tangle, will include the allies, Germany, the United States and the larger neu tral nations. Prime Minister MacDonald appears to be working along the same lines, for it Is stated that he hopes, soon after the experts’ report Is submitted, to bring about a new allied conference, in which the United States would be asked to participate. AT THIS writing the Incomplete re-. turns from the South Dakota pri maries indicate that Hiram Johnson has defeated Coolidge for the Repub lican preference by a small majority. Belated reports may change this, but in any case the Coolidge campaign managers profess indifference. They MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN. MD. assert the President already has 250 delegates In hand and 350 more In sight, outside of contested states, and that with this minimum total of 000 votes he Is assured of nomination on the first ballot In the Cleveland con vention. Some of the Coolldge leaders are talking quietly of the advisability of nominating 'John Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers, for the vice presidency. They believe this would be good politics and would in a meas ure offset the influence of Samuel Gompers, who each year comes nearer to becoming a Democrat. Lewis is held In high esteem by all union labor except the rabid radicals and by the people of the country generally. There is gpod reason to believe that he would accept the nomination. TEN million dollars was voted by the house last week for the relief of hungry women and children in Ger many. Only 97 members had the nerve to vote against the measure, 240 vot ing for it. The bill stipulates that the money is to be expended for food stuffs in this country anp the food Is to be transported in shipping board vessels. Wherever possible the sup plies are to be bought through farm ers’ organizations. Since the house repeatedly has been informed that there is no real food shortage In Ger many, only a failure of proper dis tribution, it must be admitted that Representative Tucker of Virginia had reason for his assertion that the measure was designed to consolidate the German vote. TWO more monarehs have been de posed—King George of Greece and the shah of Persia. In the former case the Greek national assembly voted for the deposing of the entire Glucks bourg dynasty and its exile, and in favor of the establishing of a repub lic, subject to the decision of the peo ple in the coming plebiscite. George is quoted as saying that he will not abdicate because he believes the Greeks want him and will vote to keep him on the throne. In Persia the assembly deposed the shah, who has spent most of his time In Europe of late, but the republicans were for the present outnunjbered so the shah’s infant son was proclaimed ruler un der a regency. WrTH all the pomp and splendid ceremony that surrounds such occasions. Archbishops Mundelein of Chicago and Hayes of New York were elevated to the cardinalate by Pope Pius XI. First came the secret con sistory, in which the pope proposed the names of the two Americans to the sacred college and tjie cardinals formally acquiesced, after which the new princes of the church were noti fied, appeared and delivered addresses. Three days later. In public consistory, the pope invested them with the pur ple cloaks and red blrettas. Seated on his scarlet draped throne, the holy father delivered a lorn: eulogy of America in which he declnred that America’s "miracle of charity saved millions from starvation, just as the entry of the United States into the World war decided the fate of Europe and the world." Grover Cleveland berg doll, draft dodger and deserter, is said to be on his way from Germany to America, ready to serve his sen tence in order that the estate of his family may be untangled. Maybe he will be met by a reception committee from the group of half-bnked student pacifists of Northwestern university who so gratefully listened to an anti- American lecture by a youth who served time in prison for refusing to serve In the army, and then hissed the American flag and its bearer, an ex-service man. But the less said about these young creatures the bet ter, for they are untouched by denun ciation and thrive on publicity. MEXICO’S revolution has almost wholly collapsed. De la Huerta, its leader, has fled the country aboard a small vessel which may have been sunk in a recent storm. ’ Nearly nil the other chieftains have run away or surrendered, and the government forces are proceeding to clean up In Frontera, Chiapas and some other lo calities where there are still bodies of rebels. I Farm Machinery Big Aid to Agriculture Professor Compares Hoe to Latest Implements. New York. —The importance qt 'im proved fnrm implements to successful agriculture is discussed by E. K. dross, professor of rural engineering. In an article prepared for an agricultural publication of New Jersey. The ar ticle refers to the days prior to the coming of farm machinery, which were the days of the hoe. spade, cradle and fluil. Mr. Gross mentions the many different kinds of farming machinery, and then he writes: “The man with the hoe could be hired- for $3 a month; later he received $lO a month, but as machinery came into use labor became more skilled and wages Increased. To produce a bushel of wheat by hand required three hours and three minutes, but with machinery it can be done in less than ten minutes. Besides this, the qualfty of grain has been improved by the use of machinery; for the seed may be planted In proper season, thus giving the full-length growing period. In early days much grain was harvest ed greeny resulting in shriveled grain of poor quality. "The cutting and curing of a ton of hay used to take 11 hours of man la bor; now it requires übout an hour and a half. “Machinery has increased also the production per capita in this country. In 1850, 5.43 bushels of wheat per cap ita were produced. In 1900, produc tion had reached 8.66 bushels per capita. Workers Released to Cities. “While machinery was saving time and increasing production per capita It was also releasing people from the farms to work in the cities. In 1800 probably 97 per cent of the population of the country was on farms; by 1900 this was reduced to 35 per cent, and now some estimate that only 10 per cent are actually engaged In the pro duction of food, though there may be a slightly higher per cent living on farms. All this Indicates the tremen dous influence farm machinery has bad upon civilization. Probably not over a million Indians lived on the North American continent, yet at times they were in want of food. Now the United States alone supports a population of 110,000,000 and Is a food-exporting nation.” The State college of New Jersey of fers to students an opportunity to study farm machinery in a practical way which x ls explained by Professor Gross in this fashion: “This work consists of a study of the principles of construction and op eration of the common farm machines. A textbook is used, but the machines themselves are found In the laboratory and careful examinations are mnde of all adjustments. The student farmer learns that a chilled plow is better in sandy soil, but thnt a soft-center steel plow is better in heavier soil. lie com pares various makes of plows with a They Catch Fish as Well as Men Rev. Harman Rockwell Potter, D. D. (left), moderator of the Congrega tional Churches of Americu, and Rev. Kerrlson Juniper of St. Petersburg, Fin., and their big catch of groupers, hooked In one afternoon spent on the Gulf of Mexico near St. Petersburg. FORMER RUSSIAN NOBLES TO SEEK WORK IN THE U. S. Baron and Wife Lost $lO,- 000,000 in Revolt New York.—Baron and Baroness Michael Royce Garrett, Russians, refu gees, arrived in New York. It took them four days to convince Ellis island authorities that they ought to be admitted, but what with the petite and charming baroness singing for them and the baron lecturing gravely on philosophy, there was nothing to do but let them Into the country. To refuse them admission, in fact, would hove rendered them homeless. The ancestors, mdny generations back of the bpron, were English, he said, hut that is quite out of date. The Garretts of England were invited to Russia by Peter the Great and knight ed. They prospered In the transplant ed home until prior to the war. , Ruined after the bolshevik revolu •* : view to selecting the one he would purchase. “Unfortunately, schools and colleges must do most of their work during the winter season when field work Is at a minimum. However, in fall and spring opportunity Is afforded to see field op erations. Many laboratory operations illustrate field conditions. Thus the knotter of the binder may be studied almost as well as under field condi tions. Straw may be fed into the ma chine and bundles tied so that causes for failure to tie the knot may be ob served and the remedy be applied. In this way proper adjusting is taught. Leaves College Prepared. “This same general plan is carried out for all farm machines studied. It is always kept in mind that the first essential Is the thorough mastery of the underlying principles of mechanics which govern the work of the m ichine. The student leaves the college under Find Modern Fagin Has Crime School —a ~i Baltimore Police Say Thief Coaches Boys to Rob. Baltimore, Md.—A school of crime in which a band of boys were taught burglary, pickpocketing and shoplift ing was described by the police fol lowing a series of arrests and alleged confessions. The teacher of the school, whom po lice termed a “modern Fagin," held classes nightly and taught secrets of . the “underworld,” they say, that he had learned during a life of petty thievery between periodic years of im prisonment. The teacher taught his pupils well, Lieut. William Forrest declared after he had struggled with each •of the young prisoners in verbal duels for hours to force them to yield the se crets of thte school. Many Thefts Solved. More arrests are expected to clear up a series of mysterious burglurles in the wholesale district, whose clever ness for months has baffled attempts to solve them, police believed. The loot, police said, would exceed $5,000. The known organization of the “school,” they said, was something like this: John Besisi, thirty, alleged teacher, who was confined at St. Mary’s indus trial school from the tipje he was thir teen until he Was twenty-one. He since has been arrested several times, records show. Rosario Provenzo, seventeen, at the head of the class, with a record of ar raignments in juvenile court for throw- + tion, the couple escaped penniless. The baroness, a coloratura soprano of distinction, hopes to obtain a theat rical engagement here. She is twenty five years old. The baron Is thirty and hopes to become a professor and, lecturer. Of course, if a business opportunity were proffered to him he said he would ac cept it. A. E. Johnson, a theatrical manager, of 1500 Broadway, assured the Ellis island authorities, however, that there was no likelihood of them becoming public charges. The baron lost a leg in the service of the White army. He is an aviation engineer and hopes to perfect some airplane devices on which he has been working. Both he and the baroness declared they had been well treated at Ellis Island. They said the food was good, “although there was not enough of .it." Baroness Garrett was Miss Vassilleff Novossilitzeff of Petrograd. Her fa- standing these principles and there fore becomes a skillful operator. v “Mnny farm boys are not fortunate enough to lake a four-year courte at college. To meet the practical prob lems of such farm boys short courses k are offered each winter at the State college. New Brunswick. Here the . farm boys gather from all parts of the state and study crops and animals. 1 They also receive training In the oper ation and cnre of fnrm machines. * "Students who take such a course ! will not do as Farmer John did. He, hav -1 ing been Induced by the wideawake > salesman to buy a new plow and dls ‘ cnrd the old, was found a few days * later ag'.in using the old plow. The ! salesman seeing this called: ‘Good 1 mornlrig, John; how’s the new plow?’ ■ The snappy answer was; ‘No good. ■ This one does better work.’ After 1 some argument, Mr. Salesman induced ■ John to hitch on the new plow again 1 and give It another chance. The new plow was of the same make as the old, but being Improved it had adjust- I ments not possessed by the old. John ■ was competent to handle the old, but * had not attempted the adjustment of " the new, preferring to discard it in i stead. After careful adjustments had . been made by the salesman, the new - plow far outclassed the old. I * n ß stones at trains and for petty lar ceny. Joseph Auchukaitis, fifteen, also having a record, chiefly for truancy. Frank Muffalato, fifteen, still In short trousers, who, police said, was the most hardened of the gang. Long Battle of Wits. Sergt. James Cain and Policeman Anthony McHale uncovered what they describe as a “modern Fagln" gang with the arrest of Provenzo. A long battle of wits resulted In the arrest of Besisi and the other boys. When faced with part of the alleged loot, said by police to have been found in their homes, they confessed bur glarizing warehouses of the Baltimore Candy and Tobacco company and the Lee Morgan Coffee company. The school of crime was organized so carefully, police said, that chances of the students being caught in the _ act were few. The boys would enter a building near the one to be robbed, make their way to the roof and climb in the sky light of the place where the real “haul” was to be made. From a place of concealment, nearby, according '' , the police, the teacher would sigifal I danger or snfety with a flashlight. 1 Sense of "Loyalty." I Even after their arrest loyalty to Besisi was unbroken until they de scribed how the teacher divided the spoils. Sergeant Cain said. He added: “Then they ‘squawked.’ They ac cused him of taking clocks, pistols jewelry and other loot and selling it They would get a few trinkets and a dollar or two to keep quiet. “If they protested he would threaten to have them turned over to the po lice, they told us. They never dared refuse to do ills'bidding. “The romance of having a room In Beslsl’s flat as a rendezvous also had Its lure. They used to meet there regularly, they said, and lear.. how to steal without getting caught” Awed Explorers Gaze for Three Days at Phenomena Washington.—Robert F. Griggs, pro fessor of botany at George Washing ton university, the first white man to. set foot in the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes, Alaska, spoke on his Initial trip into the valley at a meeting in the Cosmos club. , t Motion pictures of the mnny phe nomena in the valley were exhibited, and Doctor Griggs told of the many experiments made by his party. He said that when the valley was first viewed it was three days before any of the party could do more than gaze in wonder. No living creature or any indication of plant life was found in the area covered by volcanic ash thrown off by Mt. Kntmni, but on the edges of the valley, trees grow In abundance, the explorer said. The Intense heat has no effect on the perpetual snow banks that abound on the fringes of the valley, he said. ther wns nn editor and was, killed In the war. Her husband, after being wounded, became president of the Red Cross In southern Russia. All of these things now are a past to them, and they expect to wipe the slate clean and begin life all over again. Finds North Australia Holds Many Surprises Sydney, N. S. W.—Edward A. Cook recently completed a lelsdre stroll of more than 2,000 miles, as the crow flies, from Melbourne to Darwin In the north of Australia. His object was to make an examination of mid-Aus tralia and the northern territory to substantiate his contention that those sections were not worthless wastes. He took more than 300 pictures of scenes along the route. Speaking of his experiences with natives In northern Australia he said they appeared to be of a better class than those of the south. “The territory Is full of surprises from the pastoral viewpoint," said Mr. Cook, “being well watered and sut> stantlally grassed and timbered.