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“'The Chair IHH
Recognizes theP^ Gentlewoman ft J 4| from —^JlpiL^ ~y~~ "- ■ - —--- —. I I iJMB'IB s.£■ $& j I •X 1 ^ s '^^Bv^ShßHhS *■ * *#:^%-I/ "'*'*' | • “THET THREE RUTHS"—CI-toR.) RUTH -BRYAN OWEN. RUTH PRATT) RUTH HANNA MCCORMICK | By ELMO SCOTT WATSON !HEN the Seventy-first con gress opens. Speaker Nich olas Longworth probably will have frequent occa sion to say “The chair recognizes the gentlewom an from ——and Ar kansas, California, Flori da, Illinois, Kentucky, Mas sachusetts, New Jersey or New York, may be the state which he will name to complete that state ment. For the new con- A gresa will have in its membership no ■ Jess than eight women members of the ■ house of representatives, the largest A number in Its history. dn 1917 Jeannette Rankin of Mon ■ 'tana attracted nationwide attention as the first woman to be elected to con ■ gress, as did Miss AUce Robertson of * 'Oklahoma when she was sent to ■ Washington by the voters of the Soon- I or state In 1921. But so accustomed S' have we become to the idea of mini ■ on In high public office that the seut ■ !ng of eight women In congress this ■ year will not cause as much comment as tho seating of but one did twelve sfc'lfß Years ago. To five of the congresswomen, an V uwering the roll call in the house of | representatives will be no special nov elty. <ar all of tliem served in tiie Sev- congress. In fact that eon ■gress represented the second term for ■threy of them —Mrs. Florence Prag ■Kaitfh of California, Mrs. Edith Nourse ■lowers of Massachusetts, and Mrs. gjflary T. Norton of New Jersey. Mrs. ■kpthcrine Langley of Kentucky was ■elected to tiie Seventieth congress and William A. Oldfield of Arkansas i ■ ■ was appointed to that body to fill tiie ■ mexplred term of tier husband who ■ had died. I Ail five of these congresswomen ■ were re-elected' to the Seventy-first ■jongress last November and tiie new ■ongress will see the sisterhood in the ■ Hhuikc augmented by "the three Ruths ■-Mrs. Ruth Bryan Owen of Florida. ■Tricky Japanese Art Hlupnncse screens picturing the ’ Htarh-d Japanese pine tree seldom the whole tree. Usually only ■ huge trunk Is shown, with the rest ■ the tree appearing to go out at the ’ Bp of the screen. This U because the ■-tists wish to give an impression of ■e size of tho tree, and Is typical of : Kp imaginative quality of Japanese Uie suuie way tiie sacred rnoun- Mrs. Ruth Hanna McCormick of Illi nois, and Mrs. Ruth Pratt of New York. “What’s in a aarneT’ was asked once more when they were can didates in the last election, and there was evidently something in the name Ruth, for all three were elected. Or If you prefer a Biblical figure to a Shakespearean, It might be said that these three modern Ruths were suc cessful gleaners of votes In the po litical field of 1928. Of the group, of five congresswomen who have served previous terms, Mrs. Norton is the only one who may be said to pave come to congress “in her own right/* AH of the-others, in'a fashion. Inherited their congressional mantles from their husbands. Mrs. Kahn, Mrs. Rogers, and Mrs. Oldfield, are widows who were appointed or elected after the deaths of their hus bands. Mrs. Langley was elected by the people of her state as a “vindi cation” of her husband, formerly a representative, who had been convict ed of violation of the prohibition laws. v- Of the three new congresswomen, two may also be said to have “inherit ed” their mantles In a different fash ion. Mrs. McCormick is the daughter of the late Senator Mark Hanna of Ohio and the widow of the late Sena tor Medill McCormick of Illinois. Mrs. Owen Is the daughter of William Jen nings Bryan, once a member of con gress but more famous as a candidate for President in 1896, 1900 and 1908 and secretary of state under President Wilson. Mrs. Owen has another dis tinction —that of being the only for mer British subject, since the early days of the republic, to be elected to a seat in congress. She is the widow of Maj. Reginald Owen of the British army who died in 1927 from wounds received In campaigns against the Turks during the World war. Although Mrs. Pratt has no such political heritage as the other two Ruths, she had achieved distiocilon>io her own state before she entered tiie national arena. As a member of the tain Fujiyama is not completely pic tured, ns the proper perspective as to Its size would then be lost There Is a saying: “One should never paint Fujiyama without the mist around Us base. If the base is seen, one cannot understand its size.” In the Balance It was a beautiful autumn evening. The river was looking at Its best when Horace launched tiie canoe and took his place beside Margot in the stern. With a contented look on her face, MIDLAND JOURNAL, ftISDTCL SUN, MD. • - ' board of aldermen of New York city, she enjoyed more than local fame as the “Lady Astor of Manhattan Pol itics” and as the "principal baiter of the Tammany Tiger”' on many civic problems. In fact, all of the congresswomen have had political experience which flts them for the roles they are to play in the new congress with its rec ord number of women members. Mrs. McCormick’s Introduction to public life was as secretary to her father. Senator Mark Banna, during the sec ond McKinley campaign. As a help mate for her husband during his. ca reer In Washington,' her knowledge of politics increased. Although Mrs. Langley was her husband's successor - in congress, she had had political experience of her own before that time. She was the first woman member of tbe Repub lican state central committee in Ken tucky and served as vice chairman She was the first chairman of the state organization of Republican wom en, an alternate to the national Re publican convention in 1920 and a del egate in 1924. Mrs. Norton’s distinction lies in the fact that she was the first Democratic ‘woman to be elected to congress. She has been a social service worker In the day nurseries in Jersey City, had served on tbe Democratic state com mittee, was delegate at large to the Democratic national committee and has been a member of the New Jersey state legislature. Except os “congressional wives,’’ Mrs. Kahn and Mrs. Rogers had had no political experience previ ous to their election to congress. Neither had Mrs. Oldfield, but as the wife of the Democratic “whip" in tbe house, who was always successful In lining up members of his party in crit ical measures, she always manifested a keen interest In the work of that body and tbus was amply educated foi her duties when she was elected to congress berselL the girl put one hnnd over the side and dangled it In the water. The canoe gave an unpleasant wobble. “Dearest,” said Horace In alarm, "you’ll have us over I We must keep the boat well balanced.’’ She nodded, a little frightened. For some time they drifted along without stirring. Then Margot addressed her swain. “Borace,” she said, in a timid voice, “wouid It be safe if—if I shifted my caramel over to the other side of my mouth?”—London Answers. } " " " Matters of Interest in Regional Planning There la a warning to cities gen erally in a study made by the region al planning body of New York. It is that urban planning, to serve its pur poses, must go beyond city limits. If this planning body brings out that the present trend of development In to suburban areas is not accompanied by well-considered provision for or der, convenience and attractiveness, then the movement “may in time mean nothing more than the transfer of population from already deterior ated areas to new areas where the same defective conditions will be re peated." The condition is illustrated by an old saying about a jump from the fry ing pan into the fire. The principle relates to planning within as well as about a city. If there Isn’t compre hensive, far-seeing action to protect property values and promote good or der, then no area, in the end, will be secure. No considerable part of a district finally can be advanced at the ex pense of some other considerable part The community must be carried for ward as a unit with due attention to the welfare of each group and in terest if its progress is not to be of a questionable kind. City plan ning has been accepted with that un derstanding; still wider planning must proceed on the basis of it. Attention Called to Proper City Planning Every shade tree that is cut down in the process of widening a city’s streets is a sacrifice to earlier short sightedness in planning the city’s growth. It has been said that one third of New York is always in process of being pulled down or tom up, and the saying reflects conditions true in many rapidly growing munici palities. Herbert Hoover wrote the foreword to a standard city enabling act. Issued after three years’ prep aration, by the advisory committee on city planning and zoning, Department of Commerce. The foreword was written before Mr. Hoover entered Jthe Presidential campaign. His pro posal is sitnply this: Why not let cities plan their future, and save some of the immense wastes symbol ized in the common sight of a row of butchered shade trees, cut down in process of widening city streets? — „ Exchange. ’ Suggestions T indiscriminate planting of trees and ■shrubs around'homes is "an unfortu nate fad,” declares Miss Elsa Reh mann of the lecture staff of the New , York Botanical garden. Miscellaneous evergreens are being overemphasized, and a finer under standing is needed, she says. Urging the importance of hedges and hedge rows, she asserts that “the beauty of the small place depends upon its in closure, which separates it from its neighbor and makes it complete in Itself.” Trees, shrubs, vines and flowers are not to be planted for. themselves alone, according to Miss Rehmann, but are to be arranged and adapted to the house against which they are used. She suggests “a few of the ele ments of the little flower garden, its placing, its background, its paths and borders, for the real beauty of the flowers gathered in a garden depends upon them.” To Beautify Vacant Lota Vacant lots in Pueblo, Colo., will be transformed from unsightly weed patches into attractive flower gardens. The civic improvement is to be under taken by the Pueblo Floral club. The beautification program was started by the club at the Colorado state fair grounds. Acres of flowers were planted on the grounds and seed from the plants will be used to plant the city’s vacant lots. Public school children, boy scouts and proper ty owners will co-operate in the under taking, according to Mrs. H. J. Morris, secretary of the club. Buildiug in Winter The increasing practice of Ameri can industry in general and the build ing trades in particular to eliminate the traditional “winter slump” was noted by Herbert Hoover in one of his annual reports as secretary of commerce. While a large number of agencies continue to abide by the exploded theorjl that construction In winter is both inadvisable and prohibitive, there is a 'definite trend toward utilization of the winter months for construction of every type, it stated. Building Design* Stressed When you are considering the archi tectural treatment of your future home, bear in mind the importance of* the proper design of details such as -the entrance porch and doorway. Details of this kind come close to the critical eye of your visitors. -1 Good Mortar Important The Importance of pleasing effects and durable quality in mortar to be used in a brick home can be appreci ated when it is realized that one-fifth of (the brickwork in a borne consists of inortar. radTola . . . V ■ ' k ’ : ' .t? . ' • , an instrument of outstanding efficiency Product of three great companies—RCA, ( General Electric and Westinghouse. Very . a; compact. 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