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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
PUBLIBHED EVERT FRIDAY MORNING BY Bieos. RISING SUN CECIL COUNTY MARYLAND Entered as Second Class Matter at Post Office In Rising Bun, Maryland Urn 9r Act of Congress of Maroh 8, 1879 INDEPENDENT IN POLITICS AND ALL OTHER SUBJECTS TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION ONE FEAR, IN ADTANOB ... $1.50 SIX MONTHS 1.00 THREE MONTHS ..... AO SINGLE COPT, S CENTS ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION j Foreign Advertising Representative THfc. AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1933 GOVERNMENT COST $77.53 A YEAR PER CAPITA The average citizen who paid $68.27 in taxes in 1922 paid $77.53 in taxes in 1931, according to authoritative fig ures published by a subcom mittee of the House Ways and Means Committee. Further more, each member of the average family paid $77.53 —it was not restricted to the bread winner alone. If the family was the normal American family of five, then the average tax in 1931 reach ed the considerable sum of $387.65. People with larger incomes of course paid more, the figures show, with'■propor tionate increases for each ad ditional member of their fam ily. This was the average per capita cost of government in the United States—not only federal government, but state, county, city and local govern ment. Some of these taxes came in a lump sum, and the taxpayer probably protested them; some of them were sales taxes, like that on every gallon of gaso line bought, and the taxpayer paid them unprotestingly, while other taxes were con cealed, and the citizen never knew he paid them. Such are some of the figures collected and' submitted to the House subcommittee in a searching survey, described by Representative Fred M. Vinson (D.), of Kentucky, as “the most comprehensive tax study ever compiled.” The figures show that taxes in the aggregate have not come down but have increased in the business decline, at least up to 1931, and that because of the increased purchasing power of the dollar, the burden imposed is really much heavier than previously. 4 Federal taxes in ’3r brought in $2,428,000,000, or $19.77 per capita from the public; state taxes, $1,967,000,000, or $16.02 per capita; county tax es, $958,000,000, or $7.80; city taxes, $2,978,000,000 or $24.26; local taxes, $1,188,000,000 or $9.68 per capita. o TO EASE TAX BURDEN According to announcement of Senator J. Allen Coad, Dem ocrat, St. Mary’s county, the Senate Finance Committee of the Maryland Legislature, plans to cut $2,000,000 from the State budget appropria tions for 1934 and 1935. The Governor and other ad ministration officials indicated they expect early action on their plan to reduce the county levies for roads by maintaining them from the gasoline tax funds and asserted that they believe opposition to having the funds administered by the State Roads Commission had been reduced to a minimum. Although discussion of fur ther economics in the public school costs by temporary clos ing of four State normal schools did not reach the stage where any member of the Leg islature wished to be quoted as favoring such a proposal, sev eral said they intended to seek the figures on the number of graduates of the schools who had found employment after completing the courses in the last two or three years. The normal schools at Towson, Salisbury, Frostburg and Bow ie during 1934 and 1935 would cost the State a total of $736,- 072 under the appropriations in the present budget. o Airplanes capable of carry ing 250 passengers are predict ed by an engineer. Bach one of us has had 60,- 000,000 ancestors since the glorman conquest in 1066. Foreign Advertisi-.g Representative _ I [_THE AMERICAN'■■RESS ASSOCIATION ! BANK REFORM BILL FACES HOUSE DELAY Goldsborougli, Maryland, To Oppose Branch Banking And Move To Add Inflation Plan Washington, Jan. 26 —Slight possibility of enactment of the Glass Banking Reform bill was seen tonight after a statement by Chairman Steagall, of the House Banking Committee, that the measure involves nighly controversial provisions and would require much con sideration. Speaker Garner said the measure would be referred to the Steagall committee and added, “if we can get a report from the Banking Committee on the Glass bill, we may pos sibly get it before the House.” He stressed that “it is worthy of very careful consideration.” Steagall recalled that several emergency measures “includ ing legislation for the relief of farmers in danger of losing their lands and homes through mortgage foreclosures” were being considered ahead of the Glass measure. Goldsborougli Attacks Bill Further complicating the chances for the bill was an an nouncement by Representative Poldsborough (Dem., Md.) that he would move in committee not only to strike out its pro vision for branch banking, but to add an amendment prohibit ing any new branch, chain or group-banking operations, he said today. He will move, also, he said, to have his inflation bill, pass ed by the House at the last ses sion, tacked on the Glass bill as an amendment. His proposed amendment, he said, will follow the lines of a bill he introduced in 1931. It would direct the Secretary of the Treasury, by the issuance of additional currency backed up by Government bonds which would be brought in, to bring wholesale commodity prices to the 1921-29 average and stab ilize them at that level. Wants Inflation Included Commenting on his purpose of moving for the inclusion of provisions of the Poldsborough inflation bill in the Glass bill, he said: “The pressure is much great er now than when the Golds borough bill was passed last year. If the Glass bill is re turned to the Senate with the dollar stabilization bill as an amendment, I feel confident it will be accepted by the Sen ate.” Outlining his opposition to* branch banking, Goldsborough said: “Suppose in the county where I live the banks were merely branches of a larger in stitution in Baltimore, Phila delphia or New York. Sup pose they simply had an agent in my county, with a certain amount of currency to cash checks, receive deposits and send application for loans to the home institution. Means Coutrol Of Credit “Give me control of the cred- 1 it of a community and I will control every activity in it—it makes no difference what it is. “This attempt to monopolize the credit of the country means, among other ihings. the metropolitan centers will control the legislatures of the States. They will control them through their control of credit, and the representation in the State legislatures from the ru ral communities will diminish because of that control.” o But why shoot a little man whose treason harms the coun try very little and merely retire an official whose folly ruins it? THE MIDLAND JOURNAL F BID AT, FEBBCARY 8, 1988 LAME , DUCK SESSIONS ELIMINATED The United States has finally eliminated the “lame duck” sessions of Congress by ratifi cation of the 20th Amendment. The Twentieth Amendment, is now written into the Con stitution declaring that after this year both the President and the newly chosen Congress shall take office the January following November’s election, and that the old short session which so long has clogged the political machinery with its in effectiveness, shall be held no more. The present one is the Last. Thirty-six States of the Union ratified the amendment in less than onetenth the time it took to convince Congress that the Country demanded abolition of this lumbering an tiquity. Missouri completed the rati fication, seizing the distinction of being the thirty-sixth ap proving state. Presidents heretofore have been elected for a term of a full four years. Mr. Roosevelt, by the ratification of the Twentie th Amendment to the Constitu tion, suffers a loss of forty three days. He will take office on March 4 next, but his term will expire, pot on March 4, 1937, but on January 20 of that year. Thereafter the complete four-year period will be re stored. The Twentieth Amendment ties up the inauguration of fu ture Presidents with the organ izations of future Congress. Thus the election of 1936 will embrace Congress as well as the Presidency. The terms of members of the Congress then chosen will begin on January 3, 1937, seventeen days before the inauguration of the Presi dent. Everything is changed from the 4th of March to the 3rd and 20th of January. How ever, Congress is affected by the Amendment two years sooner than the President. The next Congressional elec tion will occur in November, 1934. The Congressional term will begin 'on January 3, 1935. o MAY CUT STATE EMPLOY ES’ PAY ANNAPOLIS, Md., Jan. 27. Talk of a horizontal salary cut of twenty per cent for all State employes, and possible exten sion of this same reduction to the maintenance and operating budgets of all departments ex cept those maintained by' ded icated funds, occupied yester day’s meeting of the Senate Fi nance Committee in consider ation of the appropriations for 1934 and 1935. The Ways and Means Com mittee of the House has been studying the proposed State ap propriations as individuals, and Delegate James J. Lind say, Jr., (Dem., Balto. county), the chairman, said he expected a joint conference committee would be named next week to coordinate the efforts of both branches of the General As sembly on possible budgent re ductions. The speed limit for motorists driving the state highways at night would be raised to 60 miles per hour under provis ions of a bill by Delegate Wil liam Mechceau, Baltimore city. The period for faster driving would be between 9 p. m. and 5 a. m. Otherwise the maxi mum limit will be 40 miles, as under existing law. o TO MANUFACTURE NEW PRODUCT Alterations have been com pleted by the Continental Dia mond Fibre Company to their plant at Marshallton for the accommodation of the activi ties of the Haveg Corporation. The latter concern is a new company organized io manu facture a material known as “Haveg” in America. Offices of the concern will be in Newark. “Haveg” is an acid resist ance material which has been made in Germany successfully for the past eight or ten years. It is used in many industries. One of its principal applica tions is in production of dyeing vats and other machines for the textile industry; although its possible applications are unlimited in the field of cor rosion resistant apparatus. o He that would write well must follow the advice of Aris totle—to speak as the common people speak, and to thick as the wise think. r ■ —1 • * New Eureka Cleaner I 11 Ml with Motor-Driven Brush SJ and “High Vacuum” v I Takes up thread, lint, and hair immediate filTv S Cleans remarkably because of power- A* Jj ful suction combined (for first time) with Hg ■ I 1 revolving brush. Lightweight! Quiet-run- Mg n. I ning I Belt fully guaranteed a year. Only fH $54.50. Other models as low as $34.50. 3 more on Clan.) 12 months to pay I Free Trial Offer for a short time only Liberal Allowance for yonr Old Cleaner Conowingo Power Company ELKTON, MARYLAND Or See Y our Electrical Dealer ! ■ ■ il i A M.aA? V ' JLou want peo \ pie to do business with you Pjßg|iger by telephone —of course! them to call you by telephone. Include your gives so \ ESkH^MPmS] telephone number in your \ |fr plj advertising - always! And on fclLiiffilfai Jjjr , your letterheads and billheads, v Tjjj! sis the Telephone J\/lodern. thuic] lo do ' -|jf| t . p . _ . . r ELKTON, MD. The Chesapeake ft Potomac Telephone Co. . 7 A .... A of Baltim.r. City .ElktOll9tfoo STRANGE PARADOX OF THE COFFEE TREE I Contradictory though it seems, the coffee tree, while distinctly tropical, furnishes the best-flavored coffee henns when grown in maturity upon the cooler, more temperate mountain slopes, 4,000 to 6,000 feet above sea leel. This paradox Is one of the most in teresting and startling discoveries which tourists find in South America's thriving republic of Colombia. Trav elers from the United States go to Colombia realizing its coffee-growing prestige, and expecting to see the cof fee plantations located upon the tor rid equatorial lowlands of the repub lic. To their surprise, it Is in the mountainous section that coffee plan tations are found in such abundance. Coffee thrives only in countries bor dering llie Kquator, and located in the Tropical Zone. Fifty or more such countries produce the coffee bean which makes the beverage that Amer icans drink to the extent of nearly 240,000,000 cups each day, or 87,076,- 000,000 cups per year. Columbia, how ever, is second largest among the world’s principal coffee-growing coun tries exporting coffee to the United States, and. by a wide margin, occu pies premier place as the world’s larg est producer of the finer grades of smooth, rich flavored grades of coffee necessary for the perfect blending of coffee. The Equator traverses Colombia, so that this northernmost of South Amer ican nations Is truly equatorial and therefore Ideal for coffee culture. But Colombians have developed coffee growing to a high art, and generations of experience have taught them that, while the coffee tree Itself thrives lux uriantly In the warmth of the tropical sun, it produces the finest quality of coffee ’’cherries” as the fruit within which are the coffee benns is called —when nurtured upon the higher slopes of the Andes mountains, where the climate Is cooler and more tem perate in character. t I HOPEWELL M. E. CHARGE Harry N. Bailey, Pastor Hopewell Church Sunday, Feb. sth Church School, 10:00 A. M. Morning Worship 11:00 A. M. Preaching followed by Holy Communion. Evening Service, 7:30 P. M. Epworth League led by Floyd Felty. Stereopticon Lecture at 8:00 o’clock by the Pastor. Title: “The Good Samaritan,” with illustrated hymns. ASBURY CHURCH Church School, 1:30 P. M. Worship 2:30 o’clock. Preaching followed by Holy Communion. A hearty welcome awaits you at these services. Religion makes a poor shroud after it has been used as a cloak.