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Events the World Over Cuba Quieting Down With De Cespedes as President — Basic Industries Slow With Codes—Johnson Relies on the Women. By EDWARD W. PICKARD CUBA, recovering from Us spasm of revolution, began to settle back into normal living under its new pro visional President, Carlos Manuel de B■ _ Cespedes. Killing ™ and looting, that pre lj vailed for several H days accompanying 1 the ousting of the Machado regime, ceased in the main, || though the pursuit and p capture or slaughter of || porristas was contin- A ued. The long suffer- I ing Cubans were de termined to wipe out President De a |j t ], ose mU rderous Cespedes members of Ma chado's secret police. Dr. De Cespedes appointed his cabinet ministers, most of them belonging to the ABC or the Nationalist party, and they were sworn in. The President himself took the post of secretary of state. Castillo Pokorny was made minister of warnnd Col. Erasmo Delgado, leader of the mil itary coup that forced Machado to flee, was appointed military comman der of Havana. Machado, who fled to Nassau in the Bahamas by airplane, accompanied by several of his closest friends, was re ported to have taken with him several million dollars though he left, behind even his clothing. His wife and other members of the family escaped the vengeance of the ffiobs by taking u gunboat yacht to Key West, Fla., whence they expected to go to New York and later to Paris. The ex-dictator said he probably would remain in Nassau and would not Interfere with developments In Cuba. No one would even intimate that the Roosevelt administration fomented the anti-Machado revolution, but the State department in Washington cer tainly knew in advance just about what was going to happen in Cuba. It knew Machado would be ousted, and that he would be succeeded by De Ces pedes. Ambassador Welles was in close touch with the revolutionaries and was apprised of their plans. As sistant Secretary of State Caffery was kept informed and approved each step taken, and President Roosevelt appar ently let him and Mr. Welles work out the problem themselves. The Cubans selected De Cespedes for the Presi dency, but he received the O. K. of offi cial Washington before being named. The islanders were not coerced in any way by the United States, however, and the three American warships that were sent to Havana and Manzanillo were sent only to protect American lives and property. What part in the revolution was played by the National City Bank of New York and Electric Bond and Shares, which have heavy Interests in Cuba, has not been revealed. Both concerns had formerly been considered supporters of Machado, but seemingly they did not lift a hand to save him from destruction. Probably they will come out at the big end of the horn when the island is rehabilitated. This recovery, Cuban business men feel, is certain if the price of sugar can be raised a cent or a cent and a half a pound, which can be done if the United States tariff of tjwo cents a pound is reduced or abolished. They believe, too. that Cuba would then become a good customer for American goods. Cuba’s national debt, hugely increased under Machado, also will have to be refunded, for the interest nnd amorti zation payments now amount to $1,500,000 a month. President Roosevelt was so satisfied with the state of affairs in Cuba that he went for a short motor trip in the Virginia mountains. Before leaving Washington he and President De Ces pedes exchanged friendly messages. Secretary of State Hull explained to the press that Cuba had really not had a change of government. He said it was a mere change of personnel with out any alteration in the structure or processes of government. Consequent ly, he said, the United States did not find it necessary to extend recognition to President De Cespedes since he came in under the constitutional meth od of succession in Cuba. STEEL, oil. coal and automobile in dustries. looked upon as basic, were still unable to formulate codes satisfactory to their various factions and to the national re covery administration. This slowed up the j NItA stride so much that President Roose- I velt called od Hugh Johnson to get quick * action, and the admin- ■ lstrator told the lead- BygP*** * ers in the industries providing minimum , wages and maximum W,,liam Green hours. There was an unpleasant in cldent in the iron and steel discussions that caused further delay. William Green, president of the American Fed oration of I.nhnr, went into a confer ewe as a member of the NRA labor advisory hoard nnd also on the Invi tation of Secretary Perkins. But the steel leaders took one look at him and walked out Green declared this act was “a chal lenge to the government,” and contin ued : “The question is whether steel is to dictate to the government or whether the government is going to set up ma chinery under the industrial recovery act and require industry to work with that machinery.” Shortly thereafter the labor advis ory board formally protested his ex clusion. Johnson described it as “Miss Per kins’ party" and declined further dis cussion. The labor secretary, who continued in conference with the steel leaders without Green, made no state ment Better progress was made with the oil and automobile codes. The for mer, it was believed, would provide for a measure of government super vision of prices. A group of Texas oil producers who challenged the con stitutionality of the recovery act met defeat in the District of Columbia Su preme court Justice Joseph Cox de nied the application for an injunction against sections of the law permitting federal regulation of oil production. FOLLOWING a conference of Presi dent Roosevelt and his executive council, it was announced that the administration approved the Chicago Board of Trade’s decision to withdraw the peg from wheat futures. Secretary Wallace said: “We are going to do everything ef fective that we can to keep the price of wheat up, but we are not going to indulge in sleight-of-hand business. The peg was put in to give time to iron out a technical situation arising from one extremely large speculative ac count. We can’t keep up the price of wheat by pegging futures. We are not engaging in a stabilization oper ation. We will try to do as effectively as possible the fundamental things which will keep the price of wheat up.” It was announced, also, that the gov ernment was waiving the bulk of its debt claims against cotton farmers who have complied with the acreage reduction program so that about $lOO,- 000,000 would start moving in small checks to farmers within a few days. The same formula found for cotton will be used for wheat C'IRST of the open disputes within " the personnel of the recovery ad ministration resulted in the resigna tion of Prof. W. F. Ogburn as a mem --’’aramm ber of the consumers' f advisory board. Og lH burg, who is an econ ■ omist from the Uni versity of Chicago, was vexed because Mrs. Mary Harriman Rumsey, chairman of the board, appointed Mrs. Hugh R. John son, wife of the ad ministrator, chairman M i 4 o of the complaint com rs. H. K. mittee, and declared Johnson the committee was unable to fulfill its functions. Ogburn told Johnson the consuming public was not being protected, and later he said that the expressed policy of the NRA of keeping purchasing power moving alongside of rising prices “will be blocked, I predict, for want of ade quate indexes. “The complaints (against violations of codes by employers). I recommend, should be handled by a ‘line’ organiza tion and not by an advisory board." Mr. Johnson’s only comment on Pro fessor Ogburn’s resignation was, "It’s all right with me." Flying in an army plane to St. Louis. Mr. Johnson made a stirring ap peal for support of the President’s re employment program, asserting its suc cess depended upon co-operation of the people in each town, and, in the last analysis, upon the women. “Woman In defense of the support of her home,” he said, “is about as safe for triflers as a lioness at the door of a denful of cubs. When every American house wife understands that the Blue Eagle on everything that she permits to come Into her home is a symbol of its restora tion to security, may God have mercy on the man or group of men who at tempts to trifle with that bird.” PARTS of four provinces in China are reported to be flooded by the waters of the Yellow river and many thousands of the wretched inhabitants have been drowned. The flood was said to be the worst since 1887. Sev eral important towns were in danger of utter destruction. MARTINEZ MERA, who was inaugu rated president of Ecuador only last December, may have to give up his high office, for he doesn’t seem to be satisfactory to the country. The con gress voted, 42 to 22, to send a com mission to him to ask him "in the name of democracy" to let the popular will rule. Latest dispatches from Quito said soldiers were guarding the presidential palace; hut It is hard to say which way Latin-American soldiers will jump. MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN, MD. UNCLE SAM’S war on criminals, especially kidnapers and racke teers, made progress in some regions, notably in the capture in Texas of Harvey Bailey, escaped convict and leader of desperadoes who is wanted for numerous crimes in the Middle West, Including the machine gun mas sacre last June at the Kansas City Union station. Bailey also is charged with the recent kidnaping of C. F. Urschel. Oklahoma oil operator, and ten others implicated in that crime have been nabbed. The federal crusaders, however, staged an awful flop near Chicago. Government agents, policemen and deputy sheriffs to the number of 250. equipped with airplanes, squad cars, machine guns and bombs, cornered two kidnapers for whom they had laid a trap, chased them by land and air all over the western part of Cook county, and then had to admit their quarry had escaped. The kidnapers had been baited with a promise of col lecting a second $50,000 from Jake Factor. They are supposed to be members of the Roger Touhy gang, four of whom, including the leader, are government prisoners under in dictment for the kidnaping of William Hamm. Jr., wealthy St. Paul brewer. Chicago’s law authorities are doing better. The courts are manned by Judges who have given up their va cations, and every day sees a number of desperate criminals convicted and . sentenced to prison terms. The usual long delays granted to defendants in such cases are being refused by the Judges, and the unsavory lot of law yers who get rich defending known murderers and gangsters are rather dumfounded. RUSSIANS. Jews and international Free Masons, are concocting a world plot against Germany, accord ing to Der Deutsche of Berlin, official ■ organ of the Nazi “la bor front.” The paper cites, as proof that secret negotiations are being carried on, the simultaneous pres ence at the French resort of Royat of Bernard Baruch of New York, Andre Tar dieu of France, Leon Trotzky. Maxim Lit vinov. Russian for- Baruch ei S D commissar, and the Russian ambassa dor to the republic of Turkey. Former Premier Edouard Herriot’s trip to Moscow is also part of the plot against Germany, according to Der Deutsche, which warns Germans against what it terms the duplicity of the Soviet Russians and “Jews who want to profit by the chaos and hatred they sow among nations.” The Swiss, on the other hand, claim to have discovered a Nazi plot, one of their papers charging that Hitler’s fol lowers have launched a propaganda campaign for the annexation of Ger man Switzerland to Germany. An American sailor named Thorsten Johnson was sentenced to six months In Jail at Stettin on charges of calling Chancellor “a Czechoslovakian Jew,” and the American authorities were preparing to move for his release. JAPAN’S fine navy of about 280 ships sailed south from Tokyo, un der personal command of Emperor Hirohito. and began the maneuvers that take the form of an encounter with a hypothetical foe attacking Japan from the equatorial Pacific. It was assumed that the enemy fleet had seized the Caroline and Marshall islands, between the Philippines and Hawaii, which the League of Na tions turned over to Japan under man date after the Germans lost them in the World war. THOUGH the old prohibition bu reau has been abolished, and re peal is expected before the close of the year, “liquor control is iSeither dead nor forgotten," in the words of L. McHenry Howe. The secretary to the President said the bureau had merely been absorbed by the division of in vestigation of the Department of Jus tice. adding that “if any racketeers or bootleggers are holding celebrations over the supposed demise -of the bu reau they are due for an awful shock.” “When the Eighteenth amendment is repealed,” Howe added, “the boot legger will find himself if anything in closer quarters than now. Uncle Sam is counting on several hundreds of millions of dollars from revenue taxes, which will lighten the taxpayers' bur dens —and if you are laboring under any illusion that he doesn’t intend to 1 collect every red cent of it you are making the mistake of your life.” Determined to prevent graft in the expenditures of the govern ment’s huge $3,300,000,000 public works fund. Secretary Ickes, the administra tor, announced appointment of ten re gional inspectors as the nucleus of an organization to see to it that the gov ernment gets its money’s worth. ! They will receive their orders from and report directly to Louis R. Glavls, 1 chief of the division of investigations 1 of the Interior department. All engineers, familiar with con struction work, the inspectors will be charged with seeing that contract specifications are fully met, and with investigating evidences of conspiracy in bidding and complaints. i GEN. ITALO BALBO and his fellow aviators brought their great sea planes back to Italy and were given a welcome by Premier Mussolini and the people that was much like the 1 triumphs of the ancient Caesars. Bal bo was made air marshal and each 1 of his men was promoted and deco 1 rated. ©. 19SS, Western Newspaper Union. National Topics interpreted by William Bruckart Washington, D. C. —Inflationists are becoming noisy again. Rather, they have increased the Deep Silence amount of their noise on Motion m recent weeks. The volume has become ominous to Washington observers who, It seems, are quite unable to make up their minds as to the amount of pres sure the inflationist element in the country can wield. There is propa ganda, there are inquiries about it, and there are statements from those who think they carry some water on their shoulders, all to the end that there ought to be inflation. It is well to recall at this point that President Roosevelt is the sole arbiter on the Inflation question. It was h? to whom congress delegated the su preme authority to use any one or all of the several inflationary plans that were included In the now famous Thomas amendment. Thus far Presi dent Roosevelt has kept his own coun sel ; he has kept an eye on the eco nomic structure and on the price levels, and has not used the powers he has. Nor will he say whether he will or will not use them. The result of his maneuvers has been to make the Inflationists feel he Is Just about ready —but not quite—to use some of the in flationary proposals and to make the sound money folks feel he is holding off from using those same powers by exerting every effort. It is a situation after ail that is not without humor, for the uncertainty has kept all of them on their toes, so to speak. Is the President going to resort to inflation? Ask the inflationist and he will say “Yes.” Ask the sound money group and they will say “No.” Ask the unbiased observer and he will say, “I don’t know.” So, there you are! As one of those observers here who try to see which way the wind is blow ing and what the reasons are behind trends and developments, I have been impressed by only one sign on the question of inflation in recent weeks, and that, strangely enough, was a statement from one who has been an Inflationist but whose statement was adverse to the Idea. I refer to the re cent remark of Secretary Wallace of the Department of Agriculture. He declared-to newspaper correspondents on the occasion In question that a good many farmers felt improvement, was not coming rapidly enough. He thought there was some merit in their claim, but he added that things had been pretty sick and some time had to elapse in order to straighten them out. Some one inquired whether infla tion could not be used to boost prices faster, to which the secretary replied: "Inflation would provide only tem porary relief. That does not seem to be the answer.” And that statement came, as I said before, from one who all along has been an inflationist. It was the first, and only, frank statement that has come from administration sources. It may not have significance, but I am inclined to regard it as having a mean ing. Inasmuch as Mr. Wallace nat urally is in close touch with the Presi dent every day, and sometimes sev eral times a day, would It not seem logical to suppose that there was Just a little reflection of the President’s views in his agricultural secretary’s observation ? * * • Mr. Roosevelt has repeatedly de clared himself to be in favor of sound money. He empha- Rumors Spread sized it in his in by Speculators au S ural address; he repeated it to congress and he has stated It in vary ing form and in various places. But, nevertheless, Mr. Roosevelt took an Inflationary step when he withdrew government support for the dollar in international exchange by declining to permit export of gold. Likewise, the President announced his purpose of boosting commodity prices to the 1924-26 level. That was the purpose of the embargo on gold ex ports. Prices have gone up only to about the 1909-10 level, or still considerably short of the spot which Mr. Roosevelt them to reach. The infla tionists have been figuratively pound ing on the White House door and shouting to Mr. Roosevelt to use his inflation powers. Some of them have been granted interviews. They come out smiling. Such was the case of Senator Smith, South Carolina Demo crat and chairman of the senate com mittee on agriculture. He went to the White House and was received by the President. He came out, smiling broadly, and talked long and loudly for a dozen or so newspaper corre spondents of the need for Inflation. But somehow Senator Smith neglected to say that the Chief Executive was going to use the Thomas amendment. I guess he forgot about it! Senator Thomas of Oklahoma, who led the fight for the amendment, has issued a lot of statements about the necessity for using inflation. He at tacks every one who disagrees with him about it. But, as near as I can ascertain. Senator Thomas has not been let In on the President’s secret. So, again, there you are! But there is another angle to this inflation propa ganda, and it has nasty aspects. There have been and are now some folks who are using inflation tnlk to make profits out of their own speculation. Rumors start in New York, or in Boston, or in Chicago, or in some other large city, that the President Is ready to Inflate the currency. The quotations on shares of stock zoom up, if the rumor seems to come from any source near the President. The promoters of the rumor take their profit, and the mar ket sags. A few dull days pass, and again the same stunt is staged. • * • William H. Moran, chief of the United States secret service, told me the other day that Bogus Money counterfeiters of coin in Bad Times and had been exceedingly ac tive in the last several years. Roughly, he said, the expansion of their opera tions had been'found to be in inverse ratio to the advance in business and employment. Thus, again, the opera tions of counterfeiters seem to fully reflect economic conditions. When there is good business, there is little counterfeiting; but when we have hard times, we also have much coun terfeiting, according to Chief Moran’s records. The chief of the United States secret service, which actually is a secret serv ice in fact, as well as in name, main tained to me, however, that there is no need for the country to worry about the circulation of spurious coins and bills. He said his operatives have done a wonderful Job and that in no instance of record has a counterfeiter or his gang been able to carry on their business very long until their plant is captured. The bulk of the money they made has been confiscated in most cases before any large sums have been placed in circulation. But using the activities of counter feiters as a yardstick of business con ditions, the present depression has been the worst in American history. Chief Moran’s records show that more counterfeits have been seized since 1929 than in any other period of the nation’s history. Of course, it is im possible to know exactly how much American people have been swindled by counterfeiters, but the amount of seizures has been so large that Chief Moran holds there actually has been only a minimum of loss to the peo ple. As proof of tlie work being done In checking the production and distribu tion of bogus bills and coins, Mr. Mo ran submitted figures showing that, in 1931, arrests on counterfeiting charges numbered 1,524. In 1932, the last full year for which figures are available, arrests totaled 2,139. But it was in the total of counterfeit coins and bills seized that the chief took much pride. The record showed seizures of coins and bills which, if they were genuine, would have been worth $80,650 during 1931 and $590,311 in 1932. In the figures for 1932, again, Chief Moran said, the activities of counter feiters directly reflected hard times and lack of Jobs. “It is not at all strange,” the chief said, “that there should be more at tempts at counterfeiting in hard times than when Rhe country is prosperous. Hundreds of men have been arrested on counterfeiting charges who we found had never engaged in criminal affairs of any kind before. They were out of Jobs, however, and while they were loafing around in cities they came into contact with underworld charac ters. The professional counterfeiter has to have help and he builds up his gang out of such individuals. They were not the type to do such things if they had not been desperate for money.” • • • Most of the bogus bills and coins are so crudely done that anyone familiar with money can How the ‘ Queer * detect them, but Is •Shoved * ever - v s " ofte " some real expert gets into the counterfeiting game and develops a bill that is most difficult to distinguish from the genuine. These, of course, are the dangerous ones from the secret service standpoint. It has hap pened also that those making the best reproductions of real currency usually have developed the most carefully laid plans for getting the money into circu lation. The ordinary practice is for the counterfeiters to sell the bills wholesale to underworld characters at a price so low that big profits tempt men to take the chance. One instance was found in which the counterfeiter had sold SIOO worth of bills for $2.25. The better the grade of work on the bills, the higher the price demanded by the counterfeiter. Chief Moran told me that several of the counterfeit gangs which his men had uncovered in the last several years had been organized on a scale comparable to a big business house. They were found to have several units. For instance, one gnng had a plant where its plates were made; It had a plant in another city where the print ing of the bogus bills was done, and then it had a “sales” agency which was spread out in several cities. It took exceptional work on the part of the secret service operatives to run this one down. Chief Moran admitted that much, but few details of the secret service operatives’ work ever become known. I imagine those de tails would make a tale much more In teresting than any fiction ever written, but it is a tradition of the secret serv ice to keep Its mouth shut. <g). 1933. Western Newspaper Union. I Howe About: Politicians Germany f\ A Near Masterpiece i By ED HOWE I HAVE been reading another old book telling of the days when kings were supreme. With a few courtiers distributed in various parts of the country, the old king not only owned the land, but the farmers cultivating it: if an autocrat, while out hunting, saw a pretty farm girl, he took her home with him. Once the autocrats engaged in war for thirty successive years, and few of the country people escaped becoming cannon fodder and fertilizer. While very indignant because of the manner in which country people (my class) were once treated, a friend called, and I expressed surprise that in any age the people, always in the majority, submitted to such indignity. The caller, a lawyer, replied that the politicians of today rule the people more absolutely than did the kings of olden time. Our modern taxes, he said, are on a scale of extravagance the old autocrats never dreamed of. The submission of the people now, the lawyer said, is more surprising than the submission of old, since we moderns have had the benefit of cen turies of teaching of the relief to be obtained by revolution. Conscription of men for military service in foreign wars is still in ef fect. Lately there has been brave talk among students and labor union men that they will not submit again as tamely as they did to the draft edict of King Woodrow Wilson, but, said my caller, the politicians have agents and accomplices distributed in almost every family, and the people of today are more helpless than were the people of old. Like the Russians (said my caller, as he departed to spread poison else where), we were given farms, but lately these have been taken from us by the politicians. * • • Germany seems determined to aban don its new republican form of gov ernment, and re-establish the old monarchy. Everything creditable in German history—and there is a great' deal —dates from the days of its dif ferent kings, emperors and kaisers; everything discreditable must be charged to the reign of its Presidents since the last monarch was chased into Holland. Here is another idea I of fer the sane for what it is worth; In the serious thinking we are now doing because of the numerous monkey wrenches thrown into our machinery, the words “republic” and “democracy” should be examined with more care. The Englishman known as Lord Ma caulay I have long regarded as a more intelligent man than Gladstone, Shake speare, or half a dozen others near the top in the English hall of fame. Many years ago he predicted the fail ure of democracy in the United States, because of the politicians. Our pres ent condition is so much like the catas trophe he predicted that an intelligent American cannot read it without shame. I do not say monarchy is the remedy, but I do say democracy is not the final word in government. * * * I have lately read a “story” by a woman entitled: “South Moon Un der.” It is a little dirty in spots; oth erwise I should proclaim it a master piece equal to the best country tales of the Scandinavians or Russians. The book is issued by Scribner; why this dignified publisher did not coax the woman to cut out the filth which weakens it, I cannot understand. Without it, “South Moon Under” would have had a life of hundreds of years. The story concerns the poor est of the Florida natives, and Pearl Buck’s stories of Chinese farmers do not come anywhere near equaling it. I read it with delight at a sitting, but always regretting the author occasion ally uses words in her book she cer tainly never uses in her conversation. Here is the best example of American realism in years almost ruined., • • • I am a quiet man, and not much dis posed to "run around,” but confess to being disturbed by the fate of that quiet man whose home and family were recently wiped out by a falling airplane. Altogether the deaths numbered 15 (not many are wounded in airplane accidents). The machine was tri-motored; that is, it had three separate engines. It has been claimed by the advocates of progress that if two of the three en gines in such a machine should fail, the pilot could safely land with one. Three such machines fell with almost equal loss of life within as many days. One of them was carrying a basket ball team hurrying to another game. Shall we keep tip the speed and slaughter, or should we slow down to the safety now being recommended by God Almighty in everything else? • * * More nonsense is written about what is called the mind than about any thing else. * * * Silerius said in his memoirs he was a hard fighter for his rights with wom en, and that he regarded such activ ity as proper duty. “I'have known men who were too patient hiuds with wives,” he wrote, “and thus retarded their advance as citizens. The asso ciation of men and women is warfare, and,a husband should be a good sol dier both in commanding and in obey ing.” e. 1032. Bell Syndicate— WNU Service.