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Events the World Over Wallace Asks 15 Per Cent Wheat Acreage Reduction — NRA Campaign Among the Consumers —Raymond Moley’s Resignation —Washington for Repeal. By EDWARD W. PICKARD WnEAT farmers of the natiqn, in order to receive federal cash benefits under the domestic allotment plan, must agree to reduce their 1934 wheat acreage by 15 ' per c< * nt * T,,is " as ~ic MP? announcement made the n<AVS ° f tho inter ' . national wheat agree- MB®*?*,'' m ment reached in the London conference ♦■te*"'- i was received. The secretary estimated ’ WmrA t,iat tuis retiucti ° n , 7 will mean a cut of Becy Wallace about q qoo.ooo acres In wheat plantings and of more than 124,000,000 bushels In the 1934 wheat crop, provided all the farmers sign up. This they were being strongly urged to do In appeals that were broadcast throughout the wheat belt. Under the allotment plan, the ma chinery of which is now completed, the government will pay the farmer 28 cents per bushel on 54 per cent of his crop, or that portion destined for con sumption in this country. In return the farmer must agree to cut his 1934 wheat plantings by 15 per cent. Some $120,000,000 in compensating payments is expected to be paid this year, if all wheat farmers sign government con tracts promising to reduce their next year’s planting by the stipulated amount. Funds for the payments are expected to be raised by a 30-cents-a --bushel processing tax on the Hour mill ers. The application each farmer signs obligates him to sign a contract with Secretary Wallace when his applica tion is approved in Washington. It must be accompanied by a map of his farm, showing location of all buildings, his crop system, and legal description of his location. It must also have a signed statement of the thresherman as to how much wheat came off the farm in the last three years and a cer tificate of the elevator or railroad offi cial who bought the wheat. DUY under the blue eagle,” was O the slogan with which Adminis trator Hugh Johnson opened the great drive to persuade the entire na tion to give Its full support to the NRA. The cry was taken up by an army of a million and a half volun teers who started out to canvass the households of the country, to tell the people what the recovery act means and to enlist the individual citizens under its emblem. General Johnson warned the people that “even a shadow” of boycott, in timidation and violence would wreck the whole endeavor; but he insisted that confining one’s patronage to deal ers who fly the blue eagle would not be boycotting the others and would he not only justifiable but necessary to the campaign’s success. Completion of the automobile code and its acceptance by President Roose velt was counted a great achievement by NRA, and the manufacturers were fairly well satisfied with the compro mise on the union labor problem which gave them the right to deal with their workers on a basis of merit and effi ciency. President William Green of the American Federation of Labor was quick to take advantage of the pro vision of the code which, he held, per mits the workers to organize. He wired the general organizer, William Collins, in Detroit to appeal to auto employees to “unite with labor.” Pes simistic observers see in all this the seeds of future conflicts. Henry Ford was still silent on his intentions concerning the code. Gen eral Johnson said emphatically that if he did not sign he could not get the blue eagle; that outdoing the code with shorter hours and higher wages would not be compliance. JOSEPH B. EASTMAN, who as fed eral co-ordinator of transportation has perhaps the hardest job in the ad ministration, is promoting a freight car equipment re- placement program. believing this would be a great contribution j|ps toward the increasing & - of employment—as it . ■ Jj undoubtedly would. . He has asked the f',™ pi executives of class 1 B 8 railroads “to make a V:- J thorough canvass of existing freight car equipment and to sub- ", * mit at the earliest Eastman practicable date their views as to the repair or retirement of wornout and obsolete cars.” The railroads are asked to submit their recommendations for repairs and retirements of each year up to and in cluding 1938 with the average cost for each car. Mr. Eastman wants the railroads to retire and destroy or rehabilitate the thousands of cars whose period of service has expired. He also asks them to consider the voluntary restric tion to service on their own lines of cars of light construction and cars of larger capacity that are not good for more than two and a half years of further service. PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT selected Secretary of the Interior lekes to be administrator for the oil industry, and then selected the other 14 mem bers of the planning and conservation committee to assist Mr. Ickes in this work. The President also took steps to re lax the gold embargo for the benefit of the mine owners. He issued two or ders, one allowing the sale in foreign markets of gold mined in the United States and the other stringently bind ing the anti-hoarding regulations to safeguard the national supply. He made sure that this permission to give gold producers the advantage of the higher prices available abroad would also be shared by the refiners and his two orders made this possible. Then Mr. Roosevelt cleaned up his desk and began a week-end vacation. He attended the Dutchess county fair at Rhinebeck, and next day embarked on Vincent Astor’s yacht for a cruise that was to last until after Labor day. RAYMOND MOREY, regarded as the “ace” of the Roosevelt brain trust, is no longer assistant secretary of state or in any other way connected Hwith the administra tion. Following a call at the summer White House in Hyde Park, Professor Moley an nounced his resigna tion and his plans to become the editor of a new weekly mag azine to be established by Vincent Astor. His associates will be _ . W. Averill Harriman Ra M y 7 nd and V. V. McNitt. oey The publication will be devoted to controversial articles concerning politics and economics and Moley said one of its purposes will be to interpret the Ideas of the Roosevelt administration, though it will not be in any sense \an agent of the NRA. Both Professor Moley and Secretary of State Hull denied that the former's resignation was caused by the disagree ments between those two gentlemen which culminated at the London con ference. Many independent commenta tors held that Moley’s retirement from the administration heralded the pass ing of the regime of the professor and the return of. practical politicians to the direction of the nation’s affairs. REPEALISTS were unnecessarily worried about the state of Wash ington, partly because the vote on wiping out the Eighteenth amendment was in the form of referendums in each of the legislative districts. This scheme, however, availed the drys nothing, for the state voted for repeal by about 5 to 2. Nearly complete re turns showed that only one district, with two delegates, went dry, so the repeal amendment will be ratified by the other 97 delegates when the con vention meets October 3 in Olympia. Washington is the twenty-fourth state in the repeal column. The state emergency committee, a retentionist organization, fought re peal. It contended that In the event of abolition of the prohibition amend ment the state would be without-liquor regulation, except laws prohibiting sale of alcoholic beverages to Indians and minors, until the legislature meets again in 1935. TEA and conversation were all that Montagu Norman, governor of the Bank of England, obtained when he visited President Roosevelt at Hyde Park. He was accom panied by George L. gggFH^JI Harrison, governor of IP the New York federal f reserve bank, and he hoped to talk about stabilization of the 8 ,- currency. But there ■ were various other .... ‘‘M guests present, and |||. still more dropped in ||§> during the afternoon HH j —and Mr. Roosevelt „ ! had no desire to talk Montagu j about stabilization or N°rma" ! any allied matters. So it was just a pleasant social affair, and Mr. Norman left early. The eminent Londoner, however, did have a number of conferences with financial men, including Secretary of the Treasury Woodin, and monetary ■ problems were discussed, but the re sults, If any, were not made public. THIRTEEN deaths are to be laid to a storm In New Mexico. The Golden State Limited, a transconti nental passenger train, plunged 1 through a weakened bridge into an arroyo near Tucumcari, eight persons being killed and many injpred. Dur ing the same storm a night mail and i passenger transport plane crashed > against Mesa mountain not far from 1 Quay, and the two pilots and three i passengers perished. Two pursuit training planes collided ’ in mid air over Randolph field. San ’ Antonio, Texas, two cadets and an in ■ structor losing their lives. Another ’ instructor leaped with his parachute and was saved. MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN, MD. UNCLE SAM Is determined to bring Samuel Insull back home to an swer for his alleged sins. At the re quest of American government agents the Greek authorities -T' again arrested the for *. raer utilities magnate, ■,/l~" -3* 1 and ie ♦PPeals court '3kl in Athens sustained mmt&M this action and re iwlßlllpl Jected Insult's plea for Vt ~ jr> release on bail. The l\ " fugitive frbm Chicago wi ” ,iave t 0 s P end another month under res traint pending the ' . . result of the second Samuel Insull effort t 0 extraUite him> but, being in poor health, he is kept under guard In a clinic. Insuil's lawyers indicated that he will first seek to have himself made a Greek citizen, and, failing this, will at tempt to show that the extradition treaty between the United Slates and Greece is contrary to the provisions of the Greek constitution. He is now accused of violating the American bankruptcy law. The extradition proceedings may be long drawn out. Insull can only be extradited if the charge against him is an offense against Greek as well as American law. Lawyers in Athens say that violation of the bankruptcy law is a much milder offense under Greek law than embezzlement und larceny, with which Insull was charged in the earlier proceedings. EUIIOPE is not feeling at all peace ful these days, and this is due large ly to the doings of German Chnncellor Hitler and his Nazis In their conflict with the government of Austria. The Austrian Nazis are hurrying across the border to join their comrades in Germany, and the threat of invasion grows day by.day. But. if it comes, the invaders will be met at the fron tier by a vastly increased Austrian army. Among other steps by the Vien na government is the decreeing of a new short-term enlistment force in which from 1 (5,000 to 20,000 men will be trained annually and a second army created. President Von and Hit ler attended a huge meeting of Ger mans at Tannenberg to celebrate the German victory there over the Rus sians, and the former, accepting as a gift from East Prussia a forest es tate, said: “I am thinking with rev erence, fidelity and gratitude of my kaiser, the king and lord, in this hour, when I am thinking also of my deceased comrades in arms, and when I proceed to thank you for the gift.” The chancellor, flying the same day to Niederwald, near the Saar fron tier, told a crowd of 200,000 that Ger many would never give up the Saar. At the time of the latter demonstra tion there was a secret meeting of Nazi chieftains to whom Saar Stnte Counciller Simon said: “Wherever the German lauguage is spoken, wherever German blood runs in the veins, greater Germany ex tends. We will not be content just with the Saar. The German lan guage is spoken ns far west as Metz and Mulhouse. The Saar, Alsace, Lor raine and parts of Belgium and Hol land formerly were German and the German character still lives there to day in the people. “Germany will no longer be a peo ple of 00,000,000 inhabitants, but of 90,000,000. The conquest of the Saar will be the point of departure for other political successes on the west ern frontiers of Germany. The Nazi, the reich and Chnncellor Hitler will not rest until this aim—a Germany of 90,000.000 inhabitants—has been achieved.” The Saar matter, which supposedly ''will be settled in 1935 by a plebiscite, especially interests France, which now holds the valuable basin. Significant ly, Premier Daladier took occasion to inspect the vast new French frontier fortifications, the main works of which are about completed. This great chain of forts and tunnels is designed to protect France from a surprise invasion by Germany. FRANCE’S Socialist party has a new wing, called “Neosocialist,” and it won a startling victory In the convention of the second Internation ale in Paris. The program of the Neosocialists is in many respects al most identical wjth President Roose velt’s “new deal,” but It favors the gold standard and decries inflation. It is thus summarized by a Paris cor respondent. 1. Balancing of the budget. 2. A “vast and inspiring” program of public works. 3. A 40-hour week without reducing salaries or unduly raising prices. 4. Extension of monopolies. 5. Reform of present parliamentary methods. In Great Britain the Labor party Is planning a return to power on a platform that also contains many of the Roosevelt policies. SENATOR HUEY LONG of Loui siana attained the front page again twice. First, at a charity party at the Sands Point Bath club on Long Island, he gave deep affront to an un named gentleman and in turn received a black eye. His explanation, quite incredible, was that he was “ganged” by enemies. Thence he hurried to Milwaukee to address the Veterans of Foreign Wars, and he opened his speech with a virulent attack on the press reporters present because they had sought the truth about the former Incident For this the officers of the organization publicly apologized. It remains for them to explain why they ever invited the “Kingfish” to address them. He is neither a statesman nor an economist, and. In view of political conditions in Louisiana, the fact that he is a senator confers no distinction on him. <B. 1933, Western Newspaper Union. National Topics by William Bruckaft Washington.—The farm aid program with respect to wheat now has entered its second phase. It Farm Aid is facing its real test Faces Test at this time, just as the cotton program faced a real test when the farmers were asked to plow under their grow ing crop, which has succeeded Insofar as gaining the support of the cotton planters is concerned. Secretary Wal lace is asking the wheat growers to reduce their acreage for next year’s crop, 15 per cent below their average in recent years. It is now distinctly up to them, therefore, if they want to go on through with the allotment plan for which there has been much agita tion In congress during the last six or eight years. Contracts are being sent around for the farmers to sign and agree to go through with the plan to boost the price of wheat by controlling the production. Accompanying this development in our strictly nationalistic program, however, is another of international character. I refer to the agreements recently reached at London whereby a step has been taken to deal with the wheat problem by concert of na tions. It can have far more influence than can our program at home if it succeeds, but Washington observers seem to have thefr fingers crossed un til they see some movements abroad indicative of complete sincerity on the part of some of the nations that have signed the London agreement. The conference at London placed several significant elements into writ ten form. A general understanding was worked out—and signed—that: The major wheat importing and ex porting countries of the world face the facts of the world wheat problem and agree on a program of action to seek to correct them. The exporting nations agree to con trol exports and to adjust production so as to help eliminate the excessive carryovers of wheat. The wheat importing countries agree to cease further efforts to ex pand production within their own countries and ngree to a policy of gradually removing tariffs and trade barriers as world wheat prices rise. The countries participating in the conference will establish a joint com mittee to watch the working out of the plan in its various steps. This committee will meet from time to time and will be responsible for seeing that additional steps are properly taken. So we have an agreement among all of the nations on a start, and we have our own program well under way. The international understanding is long on promises, and to my way of thinking will be a long while in fulfillment. Our own program, whatever its merit be, is proceeding along quite different and quite definite lines and if the theory be right is dependent for its success upon those who grow the wheat and not upon whims of international politi cians and jealousies between nations. * * * There are so many “ifs” in the in ternational agreement, which, after all, hinges upon what Many “Ifs the nations them • p act selves do. If all of the signatory na tions perform and try to adjust pro duction downward, such as the United States has started to do, and remove tariffs and quotas and other trade bar riers. then it is considered as possible that something may come of the con ference understanding. But those whom I mentioned as having their fin : gors crossed are asking whether, for ! instnnee, Australia, or the Argentine or Canada, will enforce production And, if they don’t, then what? Also, what about the situation If Italy, which now has a tariff of $1.07 (gold) on imported wheat, doesn’t cut off some of that amount? Statesmen may sit in a conference and fix things up in a big way, and later their governments have away of forgetting just what the agreements were, or else find loopholes in them. I had a letter from one of my read ers in central Kansas, asking whether I thought the London agreement would have any effect on the wheat situation this year. My reply was that it would have none and could have none, and I might have added the further thought of my own that it probably never will have much effect, because it is unlike ly there will be the necessary conces sions by all concerned. If all of the participating nations entered into an international arrangement wholeheart edly, wheat production and wheat prices could be stabilized. There re mains, however, that ever recurring “if.” • • * To get back to the domestic plan: Secretary Wallace’s to cut the acreage 15 per cent next year brings up several questions. Fifteen per cent of what, for example? Let me quote George Farrell, of the agricultural ad justment administration, so there can be a definite statement: “In many western counties, where drought has prevailed during the last three years, three-year averages are not representative of farmers’ produc tion. These counties have favored us ing county average yields and individu al farmers’ acreages as the basis for farm allotments. Other growers, how ever, whose yields are higher than the average and who are able to attest their production, feel that the county average plan discriminates against them. “To meet this situation, We have pre sented to wheat growers a combina tion plan which is expected to insure determination of fair allotments to all farmers. “The combination plan provides that in each county, where the com bination plan is used, the total pro duction of farmers who submit authen tic records with their applications for allotments, will be subtracted from the total production of the county as shown on the official figures in the de partment of agriculture. Allotments for farmers who do not have proved records will be calculated on the basis of the average yield for the county, less the proved production.” * * * The net result of this all is that farmers can claim their benefit pay ments on the basis of Benefit actual production on Payments * helr , indlvld , ual , farms for the last three, four and five years, if they are able to supply records showing what that production was. This can be done even if the county committee decides to use average county yields and the average acreages of growers as the basis upon which the 15 per cent reduction is to be calculated. This 1 arrangement applies only to the 1934 crop. There may be more or less than the 15 per cent reduction ordered in the fall of 1934 which will affect the 1935 crop. On the basis of a theoretically com plete sign-up of the farmers and a 15 per cent reduction, there would be approximately 9,600,000 acres now in wheat that would not be planted for harvest next summer. On the same theoretical base of average produc tion, the reduction in wheat grown would be about 124,000,000 bushels. With wheat prices about where they are now, the income from the current wheat crop is calculated at about $325,000,000. which is some thing of a gain over the 1932 return on wheat, which has been figured at $177,000,000. But if the wheat reduc tion program goes over, the farmers this fall will receive something in ad dition to the prices for this year’s crop. They are due to receive cash from the processing tax. The Depart ment of Agriculture has figured the tax will yield something like $120,- 000,000, and so the total return this year may be as large as $450,000,000. * • • Some weeks ago, I reported in these columns that the patronage dam had broken and that plum picking for office holders was going on full speed ahead. That was true. It has gone out full speed ahead, but if one may judge from the enormous amount of grumbling, the patronage flood has not gone in that direction that old line Democrats, or many of them, would like to have it go. Indeed, President Roosevelt’s appointments have not been pleasing to the bulk of his loyal supporters. I can report now that things have come to such a pass that between 26 and 30 —no one will say just how many —senators have signed a petition asking Mr. Roosevelt to be a little more regular about his appointments. It is not certain that the petition, one of these round robin affairs, ever was sent to the White House, nor is it cer tain it ever will go to the President if it has not been given to him yet. ’ Nevertheless, it is significant. It shows the feeling. * • * The truth about the matter is that some old line Democrats, men whose word has been Dem- Old Liners ocratic law for years. Worried are s ™ wlDK over the potentiali ties in the Roosevelt course. Deep down in their souls, they fear that Mr. Roosevelt is engaged in building up a “Roosevelt party” as distinguished from the Democratic party. They point out that he has played ball with the Norris-LaFollette-Johnson wing of the Republicans, that he has named such men as Secretary Woodin, to the treasury, after Mr. Woodin has spent years in the Republican fold, and Secretary Ickes to the Department of the Interior, after Mr. Ickes had at tained absolutely no prominence at all in any partisan way except as a Progressive Repuldican, and that he has disregarded party recommenda tions in dozens of cases only to pick men and women who might just as easily be called Republicans as Demo crats. • • • The depression conditions hit the ice cream business last year, but the consumption of butter and evaporated milk moved higher according to final figures for 1932 that have just been compiled by the Department of Agri culture. It was quite natural, the ex perts told me, that there should have been a falling off of ice cream, be cause a good many thousands of peo ple just did not have the money to buy it. If they had money, they bought the usual amount of butter and evaporated milk, along with the regu lar supply of milk, but ice cream was in the luxury class. At least, that is the explanation given for the decline In the manufacture of ice cream from 208,239,000 gallons In 1031 to 160,- 138,000 gallons in 1932. Ci IMS, Western Newspaper Union. / Howe About: German Husbands Value of Routine Lack of Intelligence By ED HOWE GERMANS are more ash limed than any other men if they do not boss their wives. Americans and French men rarely expect to, but Germans al ways vigorously attempt to. Bismarck was one of the greatest , of statesmen, and devoted his life to the business, but was more determined to boss his wife than to boss Europe. , Before their marriage he began train ’ ing her; he had her complete submis sion in writiDg before the ceremony, and ruled at home as long as he lived. , The diplomacy he exercised in manag , ing his mother-in-law, also was as con | stant and successful ns his rnanage merit of the French. His biographers say his wife Johanna worshiped him. She gave that impression as part of , her training; probably she despised him. The weakness of American men, now the wonder of international politics, may be due to their being universally henpecked; our easy submission due > to long training by our wives and J daughters. The fact that the Germans control their women at least has not injured | them as soldiers. The henpecked French who attacked the Germans in | 1870 were overcome in a few weeks; [ perhaps this was the best exhibition of soldiering since Napoleon and Fred erick. Possibly historians of the fu ! ture will say a still better exhibition of soldiering was given by the Ger | mans in the World war, when they al , most whipped all the other men in the world; might have done so had the i German women been temporarily out of control and clamored for peace. • * * When the panic of 1537 occurred the [ people regarded it as a passing jolt and expected the same prompt recov ' ery that followed the panic in 1819. But by 1839 it was evident that con valescence was going to be slow. So Ralph Waldo Emerson, the wisest American then, was appealed to. In a series of talks on "Human Life” he ■ said ridiculous things. “There is hope in extravagance; there is none in rou tine,” Emerson said. Later Emerson completely reversed himself. . . . The real hope in human life is in rou tine; in patiently learning the lessons of experience, and patiently following them. The ruts, the beaten paths, have been followed by a vast multi tude, and for a good reason. * * * In previous centuries of world his tory there have been enormous ex hibitions of human sensuality, cruelty, religious fanaticism, famine, mean ness, rioting, destruction, poverty, plagues. In all these respects the an cients established records I do not believe moderns will ever equal. Fu ture historians probably will not have another horror like the Inquisition to make their writing interesting; nor will they have another war lasting thirty years, a Black Flague sweeping unhindered over the world, a reign of terror like that in France, a wom an as noted, powerful and bad as Cath erine the Great, a king as magnificent and cruel as Louis XIV. But it remained for the present age to set a high-water mark in lack of intelligence. We have more food and easier produce it than any other race, and more comforts, but I look for future historians to record that from 1929 to 1933 mankind at last acknowledged Its entire lack of In telligence; every citizen put a fool’s cap on his head and widely proclaimed himself an ass. * • • A man of eighty-seven who has par ticipated in a good deal of honorable activity in the world, writes: “If I were an old gentleman—that is, if I were a hundred and forty or so In stead of only a little over eighty-seven —I should be filled with uncontrol lable joy and merriment. I’d be cack ling loudly and harsly with a sense of triumph and vindication. As I sat in my chimney corner eating my gruel I’d stop often and knock loudly with my spoon and call all the people to observe with me the sad remains of the Young Man’s empire that came to Its clamorous end with the smash of the sacred Bull market In 1929. Seen in retrospect that empire seems to have been run by children. And I could tell great and resounding tales of what its juvenile bosses did first to me and then to the country in gen eral. In those gay days forty-five was the age of senility, and nothing mat tered but pep, whatever that may be; I have never met anyone who knew. And what fills me with mingled feel ings of joy and distress these days is the manner in which these amateurs in life took their heatings in the Days of Judgment. They collapsed in helpless ness and fright. On the downward way they put up no decent resistance at all and many of them jumped from windows.’’ * • * From the necessity of loving, none are exempt; and none exempt from the old necessity of handling love badly. • • • No man can handle life to best ad vantage until he becomes a conserva tive. Everyone is born a radical, and has to be spanked, whipped and yelled at until he learns the necessity of conservatism. If he never learns It he is locked up or hanged. The best evi dence that a man has achieved a lit tle common sense is that he is referred to as au old fogy by fools. C. 1933, Bell Syndicate.—WNV Service.