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The midland journal. (Rising Sun, Md.) 1885-1947, September 15, 1933, Image 2

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News Review of Current
Events the World Over
Wallace Asks 15 Per Cent Wheat Acreage Reduction —
NRA Campaign Among the Consumers —Raymond
Moley’s Resignation —Washington for Repeal.
WnEAT farmers of the natiqn, in
order to receive federal cash
benefits under the domestic allotment
plan, must agree to reduce their 1934
wheat acreage by 15
' per c< * nt * T,,is " as ~ic
MP? announcement made
the n<AVS ° f tho inter '
. national wheat agree-
MB®*?*,'' m ment reached in the
London conference
♦■te*"'- i was received. The
secretary estimated
’ WmrA t,iat tuis retiucti ° n
, 7 will mean a cut of
Becy Wallace about q qoo.ooo acres
In wheat plantings and of more than
124,000,000 bushels In the 1934 wheat
crop, provided all the farmers sign up.
This they were being strongly urged to
do In appeals that were broadcast
throughout the wheat belt.
Under the allotment plan, the ma
chinery of which is now completed,
the government will pay the farmer 28
cents per bushel on 54 per cent of his
crop, or that portion destined for con
sumption in this country. In return
the farmer must agree to cut his 1934
wheat plantings by 15 per cent. Some
$120,000,000 in compensating payments
is expected to be paid this year, if all
wheat farmers sign government con
tracts promising to reduce their next
year’s planting by the stipulated
amount. Funds for the payments are
expected to be raised by a 30-cents-a
--bushel processing tax on the Hour mill
The application each farmer signs
obligates him to sign a contract with
Secretary Wallace when his applica
tion is approved in Washington. It
must be accompanied by a map of his
farm, showing location of all buildings,
his crop system, and legal description
of his location. It must also have a
signed statement of the thresherman
as to how much wheat came off the
farm in the last three years and a cer
tificate of the elevator or railroad offi
cial who bought the wheat.
DUY under the blue eagle,” was
O the slogan with which Adminis
trator Hugh Johnson opened the
great drive to persuade the entire na
tion to give Its full support to the
NRA. The cry was taken up by an
army of a million and a half volun
teers who started out to canvass the
households of the country, to tell the
people what the recovery act means
and to enlist the individual citizens
under its emblem.
General Johnson warned the people
that “even a shadow” of boycott, in
timidation and violence would wreck
the whole endeavor; but he insisted
that confining one’s patronage to deal
ers who fly the blue eagle would not
be boycotting the others and would
he not only justifiable but necessary
to the campaign’s success.
Completion of the automobile code
and its acceptance by President Roose
velt was counted a great achievement
by NRA, and the manufacturers were
fairly well satisfied with the compro
mise on the union labor problem which
gave them the right to deal with their
workers on a basis of merit and effi
ciency. President William Green of
the American Federation of Labor was
quick to take advantage of the pro
vision of the code which, he held, per
mits the workers to organize. He
wired the general organizer, William
Collins, in Detroit to appeal to auto
employees to “unite with labor.” Pes
simistic observers see in all this the
seeds of future conflicts.
Henry Ford was still silent on his
intentions concerning the code. Gen
eral Johnson said emphatically that
if he did not sign he could not get the
blue eagle; that outdoing the code with
shorter hours and higher wages would
not be compliance.
JOSEPH B. EASTMAN, who as fed
eral co-ordinator of transportation
has perhaps the hardest job in the ad
ministration, is promoting a freight
car equipment re-
placement program.
believing this would be
a great contribution j|ps
toward the increasing & -
of employment—as it . ■ Jj
undoubtedly would. .
He has asked the f',™ pi
executives of class 1 B 8
railroads “to make a V:- J
thorough canvass of
existing freight car
equipment and to sub- ", *
mit at the earliest Eastman
practicable date their views as to the
repair or retirement of wornout and
obsolete cars.”
The railroads are asked to submit
their recommendations for repairs and
retirements of each year up to and in
cluding 1938 with the average cost for
each car.
Mr. Eastman wants the railroads
to retire and destroy or rehabilitate
the thousands of cars whose period of
service has expired. He also asks
them to consider the voluntary restric
tion to service on their own lines of
cars of light construction and cars of
larger capacity that are not good for
more than two and a half years of
further service.
Secretary of the Interior lekes to
be administrator for the oil industry,
and then selected the other 14 mem
bers of the planning and conservation
committee to assist Mr. Ickes in this
The President also took steps to re
lax the gold embargo for the benefit of
the mine owners. He issued two or
ders, one allowing the sale in foreign
markets of gold mined in the United
States and the other stringently bind
ing the anti-hoarding regulations to
safeguard the national supply.
He made sure that this permission
to give gold producers the advantage
of the higher prices available abroad
would also be shared by the refiners
and his two orders made this possible.
Then Mr. Roosevelt cleaned up his
desk and began a week-end vacation.
He attended the Dutchess county fair
at Rhinebeck, and next day embarked
on Vincent Astor’s yacht for a cruise
that was to last until after Labor
RAYMOND MOREY, regarded as
the “ace” of the Roosevelt brain
trust, is no longer assistant secretary
of state or in any other way connected
Hwith the administra
tion. Following a call
at the summer White
House in Hyde Park,
Professor Moley an
nounced his resigna
tion and his plans to
become the editor of
a new weekly mag
azine to be established
by Vincent Astor.
His associates will be
_ . W. Averill Harriman
Ra M y 7 nd and V. V. McNitt.
oey The publication will
be devoted to controversial articles
concerning politics and economics and
Moley said one of its purposes will be
to interpret the Ideas of the Roosevelt
administration, though it will not be in
any sense \an agent of the NRA.
Both Professor Moley and Secretary
of State Hull denied that the former's
resignation was caused by the disagree
ments between those two gentlemen
which culminated at the London con
ference. Many independent commenta
tors held that Moley’s retirement from
the administration heralded the pass
ing of the regime of the professor and
the return of. practical politicians to
the direction of the nation’s affairs.
REPEALISTS were unnecessarily
worried about the state of Wash
ington, partly because the vote on
wiping out the Eighteenth amendment
was in the form of referendums in each
of the legislative districts. This
scheme, however, availed the drys
nothing, for the state voted for repeal
by about 5 to 2. Nearly complete re
turns showed that only one district,
with two delegates, went dry, so the
repeal amendment will be ratified by
the other 97 delegates when the con
vention meets October 3 in Olympia.
Washington is the twenty-fourth state
in the repeal column.
The state emergency committee, a
retentionist organization, fought re
peal. It contended that In the event
of abolition of the prohibition amend
ment the state would be without-liquor
regulation, except laws prohibiting
sale of alcoholic beverages to Indians
and minors, until the legislature meets
again in 1935.
TEA and conversation were all that
Montagu Norman, governor of the
Bank of England, obtained when he
visited President Roosevelt at Hyde
Park. He was accom
panied by George L. gggFH^JI
Harrison, governor of IP
the New York federal f
reserve bank, and he
hoped to talk about
stabilization of the 8 ,-
currency. But there ■
were various other .... ‘‘M
guests present, and |||.
still more dropped in ||§>
during the afternoon HH j
—and Mr. Roosevelt „
! had no desire to talk Montagu
j about stabilization or N°rma"
! any allied matters. So it was just a
pleasant social affair, and Mr. Norman
left early.
The eminent Londoner, however, did
have a number of conferences with
financial men, including Secretary of
the Treasury Woodin, and monetary
■ problems were discussed, but the re
sults, If any, were not made public.
THIRTEEN deaths are to be laid to
a storm In New Mexico. The
Golden State Limited, a transconti
nental passenger train, plunged
1 through a weakened bridge into an
arroyo near Tucumcari, eight persons
being killed and many injpred. Dur
ing the same storm a night mail and
i passenger transport plane crashed
> against Mesa mountain not far from
1 Quay, and the two pilots and three
i passengers perished.
Two pursuit training planes collided
’ in mid air over Randolph field. San
’ Antonio, Texas, two cadets and an in
■ structor losing their lives. Another
’ instructor leaped with his parachute
and was saved.
UNCLE SAM Is determined to bring
Samuel Insull back home to an
swer for his alleged sins. At the re
quest of American government agents
the Greek authorities
-T' again arrested the for
*. raer utilities magnate,
■,/l~" -3* 1 and ie ♦PPeals court
'3kl in Athens sustained
mmt&M this action and re
iwlßlllpl Jected Insult's plea for
Vt ~ jr> release on bail. The
l\ " fugitive frbm Chicago
wi ” ,iave t 0 s P end
another month under
res traint pending the
' . . result of the second
Samuel Insull effort t 0 extraUite him>
but, being in poor health, he is kept
under guard In a clinic.
Insuil's lawyers indicated that he
will first seek to have himself made a
Greek citizen, and, failing this, will at
tempt to show that the extradition
treaty between the United Slates and
Greece is contrary to the provisions
of the Greek constitution. He is now
accused of violating the American
bankruptcy law.
The extradition proceedings may be
long drawn out. Insull can only be
extradited if the charge against him is
an offense against Greek as well as
American law. Lawyers in Athens say
that violation of the bankruptcy law is
a much milder offense under Greek law
than embezzlement und larceny, with
which Insull was charged in the earlier
EUIIOPE is not feeling at all peace
ful these days, and this is due large
ly to the doings of German Chnncellor
Hitler and his Nazis In their conflict
with the government of Austria. The
Austrian Nazis are hurrying across
the border to join their comrades in
Germany, and the threat of invasion
grows day by.day. But. if it comes,
the invaders will be met at the fron
tier by a vastly increased Austrian
army. Among other steps by the Vien
na government is the decreeing of a
new short-term enlistment force in
which from 1 (5,000 to 20,000 men will
be trained annually and a second army
President Von and Hit
ler attended a huge meeting of Ger
mans at Tannenberg to celebrate the
German victory there over the Rus
sians, and the former, accepting as a
gift from East Prussia a forest es
tate, said: “I am thinking with rev
erence, fidelity and gratitude of my
kaiser, the king and lord, in this
hour, when I am thinking also of my
deceased comrades in arms, and when
I proceed to thank you for the gift.”
The chancellor, flying the same day
to Niederwald, near the Saar fron
tier, told a crowd of 200,000 that Ger
many would never give up the Saar.
At the time of the latter demonstra
tion there was a secret meeting of
Nazi chieftains to whom Saar Stnte
Counciller Simon said:
“Wherever the German lauguage is
spoken, wherever German blood runs
in the veins, greater Germany ex
tends. We will not be content just
with the Saar. The German lan
guage is spoken ns far west as Metz
and Mulhouse. The Saar, Alsace, Lor
raine and parts of Belgium and Hol
land formerly were German and the
German character still lives there to
day in the people.
“Germany will no longer be a peo
ple of 00,000,000 inhabitants, but of
90,000,000. The conquest of the Saar
will be the point of departure for
other political successes on the west
ern frontiers of Germany. The Nazi,
the reich and Chnncellor Hitler will
not rest until this aim—a Germany
of 90,000.000 inhabitants—has been
The Saar matter, which supposedly
''will be settled in 1935 by a plebiscite,
especially interests France, which now
holds the valuable basin. Significant
ly, Premier Daladier took occasion to
inspect the vast new French frontier
fortifications, the main works of
which are about completed. This
great chain of forts and tunnels is
designed to protect France from a
surprise invasion by Germany.
FRANCE’S Socialist party has a
new wing, called “Neosocialist,”
and it won a startling victory In the
convention of the second Internation
ale in Paris. The program of the
Neosocialists is in many respects al
most identical wjth President Roose
velt’s “new deal,” but It favors the
gold standard and decries inflation.
It is thus summarized by a Paris cor
1. Balancing of the budget.
2. A “vast and inspiring” program
of public works.
3. A 40-hour week without reducing
salaries or unduly raising prices.
4. Extension of monopolies.
5. Reform of present parliamentary
In Great Britain the Labor party Is
planning a return to power on a
platform that also contains many of
the Roosevelt policies.
siana attained the front page
again twice. First, at a charity party
at the Sands Point Bath club on Long
Island, he gave deep affront to an un
named gentleman and in turn received
a black eye. His explanation, quite
incredible, was that he was “ganged”
by enemies. Thence he hurried to
Milwaukee to address the Veterans
of Foreign Wars, and he opened his
speech with a virulent attack on the
press reporters present because they
had sought the truth about the former
Incident For this the officers of the
organization publicly apologized. It
remains for them to explain why they
ever invited the “Kingfish” to address
them. He is neither a statesman nor
an economist, and. In view of political
conditions in Louisiana, the fact that
he is a senator confers no distinction
on him.
<B. 1933, Western Newspaper Union.
National Topics
by William Bruckaft
Washington.—The farm aid program
with respect to wheat now has entered
its second phase. It
Farm Aid is facing its real test
Faces Test at this time, just as
the cotton program
faced a real test when the farmers
were asked to plow under their grow
ing crop, which has succeeded Insofar
as gaining the support of the cotton
planters is concerned. Secretary Wal
lace is asking the wheat growers to
reduce their acreage for next year’s
crop, 15 per cent below their average
in recent years. It is now distinctly
up to them, therefore, if they want to
go on through with the allotment plan
for which there has been much agita
tion In congress during the last six or
eight years. Contracts are being sent
around for the farmers to sign and
agree to go through with the plan to
boost the price of wheat by controlling
the production.
Accompanying this development in
our strictly nationalistic program,
however, is another of international
character. I refer to the agreements
recently reached at London whereby
a step has been taken to deal with
the wheat problem by concert of na
tions. It can have far more influence
than can our program at home if it
succeeds, but Washington observers
seem to have thefr fingers crossed un
til they see some movements abroad
indicative of complete sincerity on the
part of some of the nations that have
signed the London agreement.
The conference at London placed
several significant elements into writ
ten form. A general understanding
was worked out—and signed—that:
The major wheat importing and ex
porting countries of the world face
the facts of the world wheat problem
and agree on a program of action to
seek to correct them.
The exporting nations agree to con
trol exports and to adjust production
so as to help eliminate the excessive
carryovers of wheat.
The wheat importing countries
agree to cease further efforts to ex
pand production within their own
countries and ngree to a policy of
gradually removing tariffs and trade
barriers as world wheat prices rise.
The countries participating in the
conference will establish a joint com
mittee to watch the working out of
the plan in its various steps. This
committee will meet from time to time
and will be responsible for seeing that
additional steps are properly taken.
So we have an agreement among all
of the nations on a start, and we have
our own program well under way. The
international understanding is long on
promises, and to my way of thinking
will be a long while in fulfillment. Our
own program, whatever its merit be, is
proceeding along quite different and
quite definite lines and if the theory be
right is dependent for its success upon
those who grow the wheat and not
upon whims of international politi
cians and jealousies between nations.
* * *
There are so many “ifs” in the in
ternational agreement, which, after all,
hinges upon what
Many “Ifs the nations them
• p act selves do. If all
of the signatory na
tions perform and try to adjust pro
duction downward, such as the United
States has started to do, and remove
tariffs and quotas and other trade bar
riers. then it is considered as possible
that something may come of the con
ference understanding. But those
whom I mentioned as having their fin
: gors crossed are asking whether, for
! instnnee, Australia, or the Argentine
or Canada, will enforce production
And, if they don’t, then what?
Also, what about the situation If Italy,
which now has a tariff of $1.07 (gold)
on imported wheat, doesn’t cut off some
of that amount? Statesmen may sit in
a conference and fix things up in a
big way, and later their governments
have away of forgetting just what the
agreements were, or else find loopholes
in them.
I had a letter from one of my read
ers in central Kansas, asking whether
I thought the London agreement would
have any effect on the wheat situation
this year. My reply was that it would
have none and could have none, and
I might have added the further thought
of my own that it probably never will
have much effect, because it is unlike
ly there will be the necessary conces
sions by all concerned. If all of the
participating nations entered into an
international arrangement wholeheart
edly, wheat production and wheat
prices could be stabilized. There re
mains, however, that ever recurring
• • *
To get back to the domestic plan:
Secretary Wallace’s to cut the
acreage 15 per cent next year brings
up several questions. Fifteen per cent
of what, for example? Let me quote
George Farrell, of the agricultural ad
justment administration, so there can
be a definite statement:
“In many western counties, where
drought has prevailed during the last
three years, three-year averages are
not representative of farmers’ produc
tion. These counties have favored us
ing county average yields and individu
al farmers’ acreages as the basis for
farm allotments. Other growers, how
ever, whose yields are higher than the
average and who are able to attest
their production, feel that the county
average plan discriminates against
“To meet this situation, We have pre
sented to wheat growers a combina
tion plan which is expected to insure
determination of fair allotments to all
“The combination plan provides
that in each county, where the com
bination plan is used, the total pro
duction of farmers who submit authen
tic records with their applications for
allotments, will be subtracted from the
total production of the county as
shown on the official figures in the de
partment of agriculture. Allotments
for farmers who do not have proved
records will be calculated on the basis
of the average yield for the county,
less the proved production.”
* * *
The net result of this all is that
farmers can claim their benefit pay
ments on the basis of
Benefit actual production on
Payments * helr , indlvld , ual ,
farms for the last
three, four and five years, if they are
able to supply records showing what
that production was. This can be
done even if the county committee
decides to use average county yields
and the average acreages of growers
as the basis upon which the 15 per
cent reduction is to be calculated.
This 1 arrangement applies only to
the 1934 crop. There may be more or
less than the 15 per cent reduction
ordered in the fall of 1934 which will
affect the 1935 crop.
On the basis of a theoretically com
plete sign-up of the farmers and a
15 per cent reduction, there would be
approximately 9,600,000 acres now in
wheat that would not be planted for
harvest next summer. On the same
theoretical base of average produc
tion, the reduction in wheat grown
would be about 124,000,000 bushels.
With wheat prices about where
they are now, the income from the
current wheat crop is calculated at
about $325,000,000. which is some
thing of a gain over the 1932 return
on wheat, which has been figured at
$177,000,000. But if the wheat reduc
tion program goes over, the farmers
this fall will receive something in ad
dition to the prices for this year’s
crop. They are due to receive cash
from the processing tax. The Depart
ment of Agriculture has figured the
tax will yield something like $120,-
000,000, and so the total return this
year may be as large as $450,000,000.
* • •
Some weeks ago, I reported in these
columns that the patronage dam had
broken and that plum picking for
office holders was going on full speed
ahead. That was true. It has gone
out full speed ahead, but if one may
judge from the enormous amount of
grumbling, the patronage flood has
not gone in that direction that old line
Democrats, or many of them, would
like to have it go. Indeed, President
Roosevelt’s appointments have not
been pleasing to the bulk of his loyal
I can report now that things have
come to such a pass that between 26
and 30 —no one will say just how many
—senators have signed a petition
asking Mr. Roosevelt to be a little
more regular about his appointments.
It is not certain that the petition, one
of these round robin affairs, ever was
sent to the White House, nor is it cer
tain it ever will go to the President
if it has not been given to him yet. ’
Nevertheless, it is significant. It
shows the feeling.
* • *
The truth about the matter is that
some old line Democrats, men whose
word has been Dem-
Old Liners ocratic law for years.
Worried are s ™ wlDK
over the potentiali
ties in the Roosevelt course. Deep
down in their souls, they fear that Mr.
Roosevelt is engaged in building up
a “Roosevelt party” as distinguished
from the Democratic party. They
point out that he has played ball with
the Norris-LaFollette-Johnson wing of
the Republicans, that he has named
such men as Secretary Woodin, to the
treasury, after Mr. Woodin has spent
years in the Republican fold, and
Secretary Ickes to the Department of
the Interior, after Mr. Ickes had at
tained absolutely no prominence at
all in any partisan way except as a
Progressive Repuldican, and that he
has disregarded party recommenda
tions in dozens of cases only to pick
men and women who might just as
easily be called Republicans as Demo
• • •
The depression conditions hit the
ice cream business last year, but the
consumption of butter and evaporated
milk moved higher according to final
figures for 1932 that have just been
compiled by the Department of Agri
culture. It was quite natural, the ex
perts told me, that there should have
been a falling off of ice cream, be
cause a good many thousands of peo
ple just did not have the money to
buy it. If they had money, they
bought the usual amount of butter and
evaporated milk, along with the regu
lar supply of milk, but ice cream was
in the luxury class. At least, that is
the explanation given for the decline
In the manufacture of ice cream from
208,239,000 gallons In 1031 to 160,-
138,000 gallons in 1932.
Ci IMS, Western Newspaper Union.
Howe About:
German Husbands
Value of Routine
Lack of Intelligence
GERMANS are more ash limed than
any other men if they do not boss
their wives. Americans and French
men rarely expect to, but Germans al
ways vigorously attempt to.
Bismarck was one of the greatest
, of statesmen, and devoted his life to
the business, but was more determined
to boss his wife than to boss Europe.
, Before their marriage he began train
’ ing her; he had her complete submis
sion in writiDg before the ceremony,
and ruled at home as long as he lived.
, The diplomacy he exercised in manag
, ing his mother-in-law, also was as con
| stant and successful ns his rnanage
merit of the French. His biographers
say his wife Johanna worshiped him.
She gave that impression as part of
, her training; probably she despised
The weakness of American men, now
the wonder of international politics,
may be due to their being universally
henpecked; our easy submission due
> to long training by our wives and
J daughters.
The fact that the Germans control
their women at least has not injured
| them as soldiers. The henpecked
French who attacked the Germans in
| 1870 were overcome in a few weeks;
[ perhaps this was the best exhibition
of soldiering since Napoleon and Fred
erick. Possibly historians of the fu
! ture will say a still better exhibition
of soldiering was given by the Ger
| mans in the World war, when they al
, most whipped all the other men in the
world; might have done so had the
i German women been temporarily out
of control and clamored for peace.
• * *
When the panic of 1537 occurred the
[ people regarded it as a passing jolt
and expected the same prompt recov
' ery that followed the panic in 1819.
But by 1839 it was evident that con
valescence was going to be slow. So
Ralph Waldo Emerson, the wisest
American then, was appealed to. In
a series of talks on "Human Life” he
■ said ridiculous things. “There is hope
in extravagance; there is none in rou
tine,” Emerson said. Later Emerson
completely reversed himself. . . .
The real hope in human life is in rou
tine; in patiently learning the lessons
of experience, and patiently following
them. The ruts, the beaten paths,
have been followed by a vast multi
tude, and for a good reason.
* * *
In previous centuries of world his
tory there have been enormous ex
hibitions of human sensuality, cruelty,
religious fanaticism, famine, mean
ness, rioting, destruction, poverty,
plagues. In all these respects the an
cients established records I do not
believe moderns will ever equal. Fu
ture historians probably will not have
another horror like the Inquisition to
make their writing interesting; nor
will they have another war lasting
thirty years, a Black Flague sweeping
unhindered over the world, a reign
of terror like that in France, a wom
an as noted, powerful and bad as Cath
erine the Great, a king as magnificent
and cruel as Louis XIV.
But it remained for the present age
to set a high-water mark in lack of
intelligence. We have more food and
easier produce it than any other
race, and more comforts, but I look
for future historians to record that
from 1929 to 1933 mankind at last
acknowledged Its entire lack of In
telligence; every citizen put a fool’s
cap on his head and widely proclaimed
himself an ass.
* • •
A man of eighty-seven who has par
ticipated in a good deal of honorable
activity in the world, writes: “If I
were an old gentleman—that is, if I
were a hundred and forty or so In
stead of only a little over eighty-seven
—I should be filled with uncontrol
lable joy and merriment. I’d be cack
ling loudly and harsly with a sense of
triumph and vindication. As I sat in
my chimney corner eating my gruel
I’d stop often and knock loudly with
my spoon and call all the people to
observe with me the sad remains of
the Young Man’s empire that came to
Its clamorous end with the smash of
the sacred Bull market In 1929. Seen
in retrospect that empire seems to
have been run by children. And I
could tell great and resounding tales
of what its juvenile bosses did first
to me and then to the country in gen
eral. In those gay days forty-five was
the age of senility, and nothing mat
tered but pep, whatever that may be;
I have never met anyone who knew.
And what fills me with mingled feel
ings of joy and distress these days is
the manner in which these amateurs in
life took their heatings in the Days of
Judgment. They collapsed in helpless
ness and fright. On the downward
way they put up no decent resistance
at all and many of them jumped from
* • *
From the necessity of loving, none
are exempt; and none exempt from
the old necessity of handling love
• • •
No man can handle life to best ad
vantage until he becomes a conserva
tive. Everyone is born a radical, and
has to be spanked, whipped and yelled
at until he learns the necessity of
conservatism. If he never learns It he
is locked up or hanged. The best evi
dence that a man has achieved a lit
tle common sense is that he is referred
to as au old fogy by fools.
C. 1933, Bell Syndicate.—WNV Service.

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