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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
PUBLISHES EVERT FRIDAY MORNING BY iETWIiTO BEOB. RISING SUN CECIL COUNTS MARYLAND Entered as Second Claes Matter at Poet Office In Rising Sun, Maryland Uni, r Act of Congress of Marsh I, IS7 x .... —■— —— - ■ 11 • • INDEPENDENT IN POLITICS AND AU OTHER SUBJECTS TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION ONE TEAR, IN ADVANCE ... si-SO SIX MONTHS ...... 1.00 THREE MONTHS - - ' - AO SINGLE COPT. S CENTS ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION f Foreign Advertising Represent* tive 1 Foreign Advertiii-.g Representative 1 THfc. AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION I THE AMERICAN r RESS ASSOCIA i ION FRIDAY, MARCH 30, 1934 EASTER FESTIVAL OF RESURe RECTION ‘‘Easter is the festival of our Lord’s resurrection, and is one of the most joyous days observed by the churches. It corresponds with the passover of the Jews, and in early church Pascha designated the festival of the Christ’s crucifixion; later, it meant both the festival of the crucifixion and the resurrection,, and after the fourth century it was limited to the latter feast. The term Easter was first used when Christianity was introduced among the Saxons, and Bede traces it to Estre, a Saxon goddess, whose fes tival was celebrated annually in the spring.” In every land, and in mo/e than four hundred languages, the glad and happy salutation, “The Lord is Risen," will be heard, as the long season of Lent, and the sad and sol emn experiences of Passion Week, give way to the glorious Easter Fes tival, the Cross gives way to the crown. Eastertide is a standing pledge of immortality. Without Easter there is no hope, hut with Easter we have the assurance that we shall live again. It is a time when even the most careless and in different go to church. Like the season of spring time, when the earth, after the long winter months, begins to bring forth flowers and buds and blossoms, the soul should show signs of spiritual awakening and bring forth the flowers of Faith and Love. It is a splendid time to start anew the Christian life in church and home. Every church should be filled to overflowing. Let no one stay away because of finan cial conditions. Go to church Eas ter Sunday and then keep or. going every Sunday in the year. “Easter comes on the Sunday im mediately following the fourteenth day of the Paschal moon, which happens at or on the first Sunday after the vernal equinox. This year it falls on April Ist. O MAKE MOVIES SAFE FOR CHILDREN Of the current motion picture pro ductions in the United States about 25 per cent are a menace to Amer ica’s youth and a blot on American character in the eyes of the people of other countries, Mrs. August Bel mont told the Motion Ficture Re search Council at a meeting in New York. The occasion was the public launching of the council program for betterment of films, with special re lation to entertainment for children. The council now starts a nation wide movement in which all friends of an improvement of social values in films are asked to join. Mrs. Belmont stated that the movement was not undertaking any thing in the way of censorship. The intention was to seek the coopera tion of th# film industry in carrying out these three objectives of the council: 1. To decrease the amount of objectionable material in films. 2. To further the production of films that shall be entertaining to children and, where possible, educa tional in value. 3. To promote new types of edu cational films with the cooperation of the Industry and the public school system. Some 38,000,000 minroe attend the motion picture theatres every week in the United States, said Mrs. Belmont. An element of entertain ment that is harmful in its mental and emotional effect Bhould be stop ped because of its degrading effects. Dr. Frederick Peterson, former president of the New York Neuro logical Society, declared that the sensational, criminal and vulgar suggestion of too many questionable v motion pictures tends to produce •‘nervous disorders and moral dis lntergratlon” —: 0 Every idealist is looking for a ma terialist to back him. o Nothing gives us quite the same thrill as being offered a fUty-cent gear without commit. THE GREAT AMERICAN G.IMBLE The Travelers Insurance Company has issued a booklet entitled “The Great American Gamble." It con sists of an analysis of the automo bile accident problem, along with graphic illusrations of the V>rice we pay for allowing carelessness, in competence and recklessness to run riot on our highways. Last year automobiles killed 29,- 200 people and injured 840,000. The record of fatalities on a per accident basis was 5.9 per cent greater than in 1932. Excesive speed was the main cause of death, closely followed by driving on wrong aide of road, carelessness on part of pedestrians, running off the road way, passing on hills, curves, etc. The horror of the automobile ac cident problem continues to grow. We have safer roads and cars but we have so exaggerated the safety margins that we have actually made hem more dangerous- The Ameri can highway is a shambles. Every reckless or incompetent driver every car which is in a dangerous condition, menaces hundreds of lives. • O THE INADEQUACY OF GOLD The growing agitation for mone tization of silver develops from the fact that the world’s supply of gold has proven itself insufficient to carry on the increasingly complex tions of international commerce. All the monetary gold in the world is not sufficient to pay off the foreign gold bonds held by the people of the United States, and the debts owed to the American government by other nations. The world’s monetary geld, out side of that held by France and the United States (which two countries control $7,000,000,000 of a world total of $11,000,000,000), if divided among the peoples of all other coun tries, would amount to but $2.30 per capita. The silver movement is definitely on the rise. And among its most zealous advocates are thousands of American businessmen who believe that a fixed ratio between the values of the two metals is essential to world recovery and stability. O CWA ENDS MARCH 31 __ Following a meeting of the CWA and relief administrators in Balti more, telegrams were sent to all chairmen in the State informing them that with the exception of Fed eral projects, all CWA woik, as' such, would terminate as of March 31. This official notification confirmed —as far as county officials were con cerned—the Government’s already known plan to abandon the CWA and to replace it with a new system of work relief. At a conference in Washington, Friday, Harry Green stein, State Relief Administrator, who attended with Governor Ritchie and Mayor Jackson, was assured by Harry L. Hopkins, Federal relief head, of funds with which to carry on until at least June 1. By the time demobilization of the CWA has been completed, it is hoped by the Government that a section of the nation’s unemployed will be reha bilitated. The new relief plan, Mr. Green stein said after the meeting, will ap proach the problem from an angle different from that dsed under the present system. After April 1, the purpose will be to administer relief rather than provide work, he ex plained. It was estimated that approxi mat%ly 17,000 persons in the State, including 9,000 in Baltimore, are on CWA rolls. o As its contribution to the Mary land Tercentenary, the State Depart ment of Education will publish a Bulletin containing Pageant scripts for use in the public schools during the celebration of the three hun dredth anniversary of the founding of Maryland and which may be used as a permanent source of informa tion and material when future his torical observances are held in the school* * f ' . THE MlbLAlfi) JOURNAL, MAfiCk 80, 1984 SAVE THE CHILDREN Lucy Meacham Thurston No call is more powerful Moth ers, fathers, all mankind responds to the cry. It has become stronger with the ages. Love has protected children in all centuries, yet there has been child sacrifice, child aband onment. One of the most colorful of Viking customs was that in which the father acclaimed beside his hall fire and before his household the new horn babe, else it was abondon ed on some bare hillside The Chinese up to the last decade still had their abandonment posts in which the unwanted child was laiid upon a shelf overhanging a ravine, there the small bundle lay until another similar one was brought, . then the newcome bit of humanity rolled the one placed on the shelf before it down into the far depths of chasm. And the latest reports from Shanghai speak of abandoned and dead babies —this because of dire poverty. Poverty and religious fanaticism were causes of abandon ment and sacrifice. To throw around children all the protection of Chris tianity and of civilization is one of the advances which mark the real progress of humanity— in spite of still sorely needed further protec tion. Yet there was the day not so long ago, historically, when tiny children worked endless hours in factories. This is still the case in backward lands where industrialization is new and life cheap. But backward lands become few, the twentieth century moves forward. In most of the 48 states of the United States permits have to be obtained for em ploying any child under sixteen and in hazardous industries a still fur ther age limit is required. Educa tion and recreation, in most states health protection, are alike provid ed. In spite of this progress the re sults of the World War provided a greater tragedy than the world has ever known. Hordes of Russian children, lost, abandoned, left waifs after the great war, roamed the country and hid in the cities, a horde estimated at over 50,000. Hundreds in all war-stricken lands grew up undernourished, weak, like sickly plants- In the United States an older set of wanderers, boyß and girls in want of work leaving homes and looking for jobs, drifting from state to state! But in every coun try efforts were made and are being made to meet conditions, to save the children. Russia claims she has absorbed the waifs into her progres sing solution of social problems. The United States is straining tow ards the same definite solution of its problem of unemployment, lack of educational and recreaticnal fa cilities, of standing behind the child in its adjusmtent to the world, to life. The Russian problem of wuifs is a decade and a half old, as is that of the war orphans of Belgium, France, Germany. The drifting youths of the United States is a new problem and a still more recent one has been added by the children of the Vien nese riots and of the Jewish refu gees from Germany. Work for children has been constant from the end of the World War tragedy, feed ing under Hoover in Russia, feeding of German children, of Austrian, taking helpless ones into English homes and sending them back in better physical condition, receiving German children into French homes and those of Alsace-Lorraine, send ing aid to Armenian orphanages, these are major projects. Vienna, war-crippled as she was, set a, world example in her right about facing for child care. In one important point that city led the world. It made no distinction between the le : gitimate and the illegitimate child- A society of the city received all de pendent and delinquent children and acted as agent of the guardianship department of the children born in the city of Vienna. Now in this hour of critical need Belgium has started a fund for the orphans of the recent riots, so has Switzerland, France has given generous aid to ■ Jewish refugees and to their child • ren, and in the United Spates a i strong movement is being made for the same purpose of help. In Eng land the Save the Child Society was ■ established immediately after the World War and has given constant ad. Lord Buxton head of that so ciety, has telegraphed Dolfuss urg ing that measures of relief for all innocent victims of the recent Vien nese riots be immediately taken. Yet there is a responsibility laid upon all peoples, a responsibility greater than that of Immediate re lief, it Is along with saving the world, the world shall he made a safe place for them to live in and for their children. Of what use is sav ing if sacrifice must follow? The world can move towards adjustment of international difficulties so that no scourge of life-taking in war, of want after the war, may be possible. Will not this be the best possible * ’ ■ .... l** ?rro wi * *> Of -Modem E LECTRIC R ANGE for aidless 3~tousekeej)ers If you are one of the modern, efficient As for economy, it’s possible to pre housekeepers who prefer to do their pare a complete dinner in the electric own work, then by all means con- oven, including meat, vegetables and sider the Electric Range. Its cleanli- dessert, and turn out a dinner that will ness will keep your kitchen walls, fur- satisfy the most particular appetites, niture and curtains spotless and clean. Successful results every time. y . Investigate the advantages of electric cooking. Examine the makes / SjOM and models displayed by any dealer. Inquire, too, about the JnSt easy terms on which you may purchase a modem electric range. See Your Electrical Dealer Conowingo Power Company Elkton, Maryland Utilities Newspapers—Week Mar. 26, 1934 Progressive Maryland ONLY EASTER MORN Evangelist John Moses Baker Baltimore, Md. In the moonlit garden praying, Jesus said “Thy Will Be Done,” Though He knew it meant dark calvary, Victory complete was wor. Weary, lonely, oh so lonely; Friends has left Him, all had fled; Bound with chains, by soldiers guarded, Christ to Pilate’s Hall was led. On dark calvary’s cross they nailed Him, Christ, whose brow was crowned with thorns. And His rock-hound tomb was guarded, Long ago on Easter morn While the soldiers watch .verc keep ing, Angels rolled the stone away, The Master rose triumphant. On that glad and happy day. Death forever more was conquered; Hope forever in the world to stay. o WALLACE SUBMITS MILK CON TROL PLANS A $165,000,000 program to limit the national milk supply has been submitted to the dairy industry by the Farm Administration. Adoption depends upon acceptance by the in dustry. The cost would be met by a pro cessing tax on all butter fat in milk and its products and an equivalent compensatory tax on oleomargarine. The initial tax rate would be one cent per pound of butter fat, to be graduated to five cents as the milk supply was brought under control. Tax receipts were expected to yield $140,000,000 to $150,000,000 an nually. The plan would continue one year unless Secretary of Agriculture Hen ry A. Wallace chose to extend it an additional year. Revenues from processing taxes would be distributed in benefits to co-operating dairy farmers agreeing to reduce sales between 10 and 20 per cent below their 1932-33 aver ave. Agricultural Adjustment Admin istrator Chester C- Davis said the program would increase the retail price of milk about one-half cent a quart. Reduction in milk production of 10 per cent below the average vol ume of the 1932-1933 base period was the goal set. o About the time one develops the greatest skill, his vitality may give out. o So live that you always have enough money to buy a new tire without laying your car up for a week or two. means of saving the children? And when this is done that lurther de velopment and happiness—that goal for youth and age towards which the world moves—that goal can be more quickly reached. ifcu-.. ’l.. 1, ... . ...a !**.J POVKH 400™.lil*l liV/M ill[+3 ll PICTURES H SfSSf r Told I" Simple language I and fascinating. Here are a Would you like to keep posted on all the 9 few subjects covered: new developments in tills remarkable world ■ ArtsandCraftWork-Astron- Q f our c? The new Inventions the latest I Scientific Discoveries—the amazing Engi- I Care of Tools—Chemistry— neering Feats—the progress made m Avia- I Electricity—Home Made t j on —Radio—Electricity—Chemistry — 3 uig—"fileaatoMakeSfoneyin Physics Photography etc ? These and ■ Spare Time—jigsaw Work— many other fascinating subjects are brought I Metalworking—ModelMak- t 0 y OU each month through the pages of ■ T “^v n oJd C T^i^ ad " POPULAR MECHANICS MAGAZINE. H **Written So You Can Something for Everyone! M n entan Special departments are devoted to the home EaL __—craftsman and practical shopman. The radio enthusiast has a large section filled with news and wjtk\ T~> helpful information on construction and main -Ib\ fg tenance of Ijoth transmitting and receiving JIT Vffi sets. For the housewife, there are scores of fffe hints to lighten her daily tasks ... It’s the one magazine everyone in your family will enjoy. At All Newsstands 25c or by Subscription $2.50 a Year Y k Stop at your favorite newsstand and \ look over the current issue. If your newsdealer is sold out, order direct. POPULAR MECHANICS SaSa 200 E. Ontario. St Dept. N. Chicago INTEREST DATE REDUCED The interest rate on short-term loans to farmers of Maryland by the production credit associations has been reduced from 6 per cent to 6 % per c<jnt per year, due to the recent lowering of the discount rates of the Federal Intermediate Credit Bank of Baltimore from 3 per cent to 2% per cent per year, and thereby affect ing a saving of thousands of dol lars to those farmers who are ob taining loans from these associa tions for this spring’s farming oper ations, according to a statement made. Monday by George H. Steven son, president of the Production Credit Corporation of Baltimore, the corporation that is supervising the operations of the associations in the Baltimore district. “I am especially pleased at this reduction,” Mr. Stevenson said, “be cause of the benefits farmers derive from it, and also because of the ad vantageous position in which it places the associations in their ef forts to lend farmers short-term money at the lowest possible cost.” The Baltimore bank has been able to cut its interest rate charges to the associations because it has not had to pay as much for its money, Mr. Stevens explained. “The Federal Intermediate Credit Bank,” he said, “obtains its lending funds from the sale of farm debentures to the in vesting public. In its latest sale of these debentures it paid of 1 per cent less for its lending funds than formerly, so that it now can discount or cash farmers’ notes for produc tion credit associations at 2 % per cent per year instead of its former 3 per cent." Mr. Stevenson pointed out that, in addition to the savings effected by this decrease in interest charges, farmers borrowing from the produc tion credit assoications also are able to pay for their spring farm opera tion expenses on a cash basis, thus How we do appreciate good health —when we’re sick. o An interesting, five page booklet on "Making American Cheese On The Farm” has just been r* e Pared by John A. Conover, specialist in dairying tor the University o' Mary land Extension Service. The book let, which is being released in mim eographed form, gives detailed in formation on equipment and mater ials needed in preparation of cheese at home. Copies may be obtained from the office of the Extension Ser vice at College Park, free of charge. o The Experiment Station of the University of Maryland anuounces the publication of a new bulletin on “A Farm Management Study of 70 j Dairy Farms in Montgomery County, Maryland.” The bulletin was pre pared by Donald E. Watkins and copies may be had by writing the Experiment Station at Callege Park, Md. The bulletins issued by the Experiment Station are free. obtaining the benefit of ihe reduced prices that prevail for those who dq their buying on a cash basis.