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Events the World Over President’s Veto of Appropriation Bill Overridden by Both Houses; Farley Forces Shakeup in Air Com panies; “Brain Trust” to Be Investigated. By EDWARD W. PICKARD PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT’S leader ship received its first important set back when the senate, following sim ilar action by the house, overrode his Hveto of the independ ent offices appropria tion bill carrying the veterans’ and federal pay provisions. The vote in the senate was 83 to 27, or three more than the required two thirds. In the house the vote was over whelming, 310 to 72, a margin of 55 more than the necessary s President two-thirds. Roosevelt Tlie bill is now a law, and its passage is of high signifi cance, as it throws the budget esti mates out of kilter and adds greatly to the tax burden of the people. But f more importance is the evident fact that the President has lost his firm grip on congress. Fear of reprisals by war veteran voters in the coming elec tions proved a greater fear with many Democratic senators than the displeas ure of the President. Restoring two-thirds of a 15 per cent pay cut voted for a million govern ment employees, including military and naval personnel, in the economy act last summer, the bill also greatly liberalizes compensation and pensions to veterans of the World and Spanish- American wars. The bill will cost the government •n additional $210,000,000 annually. It eliminates retroactively as of Feb ruary 1, 1934, one-third of the federal employees’ pay cut and an additional third on July 1. The cost to the gov ernment under the provision will be $26,000,000 for the period from Febru ary 1 to July 1, and $126,000,000 an nually thereafter. While the I’resident by executive order has restored many veterans to the compensation and hospitalization rolls, congress made mandatory awards estimated to cost the government about $84,000,000 annually and an ad ditional $21,000,000 for the rest of the present fiscal year. The increased amounts for govern ment workers and veterans will come from the general revenues of the gov ernment. AFTER weeks of exhausting nego tiations the threatened strike In the automobile Industry was averted when President Roosevelt secured an agreement between executives and la bor leaders. Representation for all employees in dealing with manage ment was established, and safeguards were extended to all unions against Intimidation or interference. "It is my hope,” said the President, "that this system may develop into a kind of works council in industrj in which all groups of employees, what ever may be their choice or organiza tion of form of representation, may participate in joint conference with their employers.” He hailed this as basis for a more comprehensive, adequate and equi table system of relations than ever has existed in a large industry. The agreement avoids the licensing of the automobile industry, which labor threatened to Invoke if there was no agreement. The American Federation of Labor is not recognized as such by Industry except when its affiliates have the necessary votes on the collective bargaining committee. One of the provisions of the agree ment was that the NRA should set up a board, responsible to the Presi dent, to sit in Detroit and pass upon all questions of representation, dis charge, and discrimination. Decision of the board is to be final upon all con cerned. Three men will serve on the board, one representing labor, one in dustry, the third being neutral. WEARY from the strain of close application to the affairs of state, President Roosevelt departed for a short vacation aboard Vincent Astor’s yacht He headed for the warm climes of southern waters to fish and relax for a week. It was an unpre cedented move for the Executive to leave Washington while congress is in session, but with the same spirit of a year ago when he set out on the same yacht before taking the Presidential reins, the President greeted his cronies aboard ship and waved his hat to a rousing farewell from the folks on the dock at Jacksonville, Fla., where he boarded the yacht With carefree happiness he posed tor the photographers and joshed the newspaper men. He chatted eagerly _wlth bis eldest son, James, who joined him bare tor the cruise. For the next week or more, the President will be fishing and swim ming, away from the heavy cares of office. He Intends to return to Wash ington within the ten-day constitu tional limit required for consideration of any legislation passed by congress. PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT Monday called on congress to pass legis lation with “teeth in it" for the con trol of the nation's stock and com modity exchanges. He asked that the law be so severe “that speculation, even as It exists to day, will of necessity be drastically m curtailed.” His demand was made In a letter to Senator Duncan D. Fletcher (Dem„ Fla.) and Representative Sam Rayburn (Dem„ Texas), chairmen of the congressional committees which are handling the pending stock ex change bills. Charging the exchanges with organ izing one of the most determined lob bies which has fought any of his legis lation, the President said that the country would not be satisfied unless the exchange control message Is dras tic. People generally, the President said, blame the speculation on ex changes for the 1929 artificial boom and the resulting slump. IN THE foreword of his forthcoming new book, "On Our Way,” President Roosevelt says If his administration “is a revolution, it is a peaceful one, achieved without violence, without the overthrow of the purpose of estab lished law and without the denial of just treatment to any Individual or class.” The proofs of the foreword, given out by the publishers, the John Day company, read: “Some people have called our new policy ‘fascism.’ It Is not fascism because Its inspiration springs from the mass of the people themselves rather than from a class or a group or a marching army. Moreover, it is being achieved without a change In fundamental republican method. We have kept the faith with, and in, our traditional political Institutions. “Some people have called it ‘com munism’; it is not that, either. It is not a driving regimentation founded upon the plans of a perpetuating di rectorate which subordinates the mak ing of laws and the processes of the courts to the orders of the executives. Neither does It manifest itself In the total elimination of any class or in the abolition of private property. “If it is a revolution. It is a peace ful one, achieved without violence, without the overthrow of the pur poses of established lnw and without the denial of just treatment to any In dividual or class.” CHARGES made by Dr. William A. Wirt, superintendent of schools at Gary, Ind., that some of President Roosevelt’s advisers wanted to lead the government into j communism are to be ' 'll investigated by a cora | -W mittee of the house of rSf Jtf representatives. Doc- HI t°rWirt will be called l.ijjilv ' vlli before this committee S'“‘jflf t 0 name the man or men who told him that President Uoose jd velt Is merely the !j ;| . j/j "Kerensky of this rev _ . olution” and that the Dr. W. A. Wirt ra( ji ca i ß within the administration are seeking to foster a revolution by prolonging misery and destitution In this country. Republican members of the house were determined that the Inquiry will not be confined to the Wirt allega tions alone, despite an apparent de sire on the part of Democratic lead ers to narrow the Investigation’s scope. Democratic members of the house were making an effort to confine the inquiry to the allegations made by the Gary educator alone. Under pressure from Republicans, however, it was agreed by the Democratic leaders that the men named by Doctor Wirt will -have to be called. The entire matter Is being treated as a joke by members of the so-called “brain trust” They declare that Doc tor Wirt has been made the victim of a practical joke by a mischievous member of the radical group. There were several different stories current as to the origin of the Wirt allega tions, one version having it that the Gary educator mistook a newspaper man in New York for an official of the administration. TWENTY-flve thousand school chil dren In German cities will be sep arated from their parents and sent to the country for a year by order of the Prnsslan state. This is In line with the Nazi policy of “reconciliation of urban and rural population” which will be fostered by sending every town child to the coun try for a year. The 25,000 will com pose the first trial batch. The year In the country will be financed partly by the state of Prussia and partly by school organizations. BACK again at the scene of his tri umphs and his failure, after being a fugitive for 18 months, Martin In snll, brother of Samuel Insull, Is In Chicago to answer a charge of em bezzlement from the treasury of the Middle West Utilities. Insull arrived in Chicago—where he had lived for more than 40 years—an alien, technically excluded from the United States but paroled to Lieuten ant Johnson until the charges against him are disposed of. His arrival ended a sensational trip from Toronto, with the most extraordinary entry of an alien Into the United States ever re corded In the busy Detroit Immigra tion office. ''-S , ‘ Sty-' "r.'vkr* r>'ai.. v A*v-*x ■ "Y-fi4 rfr ■ •■;*?* ->v MIDLAND JOURNAL, RIBINO SOT, MD. THE number of Individuals living on farms reached a record peak of 32,509,000 on January 1. The bureau of agricultural econom ics, In a new study of farm population, attributed the Increase principally to an excess of births over deaths, since more people left farms for cities, In 1933 In a continuation of the farm exodus of the past decade, than went from cities to farms. Persons who moved to fnrms last year were 951,000, while 1,178,000 moved away. The farm-bound movement Involved 1,544,000 persons In 1932 while those moving away numbered 1,011,000. The bureau based Its estimates on data gathered on 146,817 farms In all parts of the country. of political unrest In Es tonia, Baltic nation of 1,121,000 inhabitants, have culminated In a dic tatorship, according to advices from Tallinn, the capital. Gen. Johan Laidoner, commander In chief of the Estonian army, and known as “Estonia’s George Washing ton,” has assumed supreme authority with the agreement of the president and parliament A COMPLETE shakeup In commer cial air lines, using the return of the air mall to private lines as a bait, is being forced by Postmaster General Farley. Thirty officials in private aviation - companies must be ft forced out of office, I *£pla the whole air mall structure Is to be re- : built, and all the old , ft M companies carrying 1 malls must reorganize l , if they wish to share jL . in federal air mail : subsidies In the fu ture. . . ' _ , Both Republl- J - A - Far, *y can and Democratic members of con gress assailed the new order, denounc ing the terms as too drastic. Steps for the return of the air mail to private lines were launched imme diately by advertising for bids on 15 routes, comprising 17,826 miles. None of the companies which had their pre vious contracts canceled will be al lowed to bid unless they completely reorganize and drop all officials sus pected of fraud or collusion in past bidding. The new bids will be for three months only, but may be extend ed for another six months if neces sary. They are intended to provide private flying of the malls pending the settlement of a permanent air mail policy by congress. A new system for computing rates which are to be paid for carrying the mails was announced. The new rates will be based on the average load car ried per mile over the route during the month. AUSTRIA’S new corporative consti tution, as published in the official government gazette, gives the Presi dent powers similar to those possessed by the late Emperor Franz Josef when he ascended the throne after crushing a republican revolution in 1848. The president will rule through the con stitution, but may change It whenever he thinks an emergency demands. The constitution will be based on the prin ciple that all power emanates from God —ln contrast to the present one, which says all power emanates from the people. But the people, nevertheless, will be given an opportunity to express their opinion at the polls whenever the gov ernment thinks this advisable. Popu lar Initiative, however, is barred and the people will not have constitu tional rights to elect their own govern ment All legislation must be initiated by the government, which will be ad vised but not controlled by four con sultative bodies. These will be the state council of 40 to 50 members appointed by the presi dent ; the federal cultural council, con sisting of representatives of churches, religious societies and schools; the federal economic council, chosen from business, Industrial, agricultural and financial circles, and the provincial council, consisting of governors and finance ministers of the various prov inces. RETENTION of the restrictions Im posed on immigration by the pres ent laws was recommended by a com mittee of 48 men and women appointed several months ago by Secretary Per kins to study the problem. Only minor relaxations were sug gested. The committee urged proper provision for reuniting families separ ated by immigration and providing asylum for refugees from racial and political persecution within the immi gration quotas. Relentless war on aliens who com mit crimes and on the racketeer and gangster was recommended. The committee proposed, however, that provision be made so illegal en trants who have proved themselves de sirable citizens could legalize their res idence. It opposed deportation of aliens brought to this country as chil dren but who have never qualified for citizenship. A PLAN for the complete freedom of the Philippines In 1945 or soon thereafter was written upon the statute books when President Roose velt signed the McDuffle-Tidlngs bill. The Philippine legislature must ac cept the measure by October 1. Rep resentatives from the Islands present In Washington declared that It would be accepted by the legislature on May 1 “This is a great day for you and for me.” the President told President Manuel L. Quezon of the Philippine senate, adding tnat If in/ited he would attend the inaugural ceremo nies of the new republic ten to twelve years hence. • hy Westers Nswspspsr Unloa. Crop Tests Made All Over Nation Progress Noted in Breeding Carrots, Onions; Study Potato Yields. Vegetable growers will be interested In some of the research work now go ing on in many parts of the country. More than fifty new tests with vege table crop plants were reported at a recent meeting of specialists In Boston. Work done In California on vine crops, such af squash, shows the truth of the old belief the earlier the fruit Is harvested, the greater the number of flowers and fruit from the plant. California workers also reported progress in breeding watermelons, car rots, and onions. Now they want a watermelon that resists wilt, and other diseases, but which at the same time keeps its quality. They are also breeding for highly-colored, smooth, tender carrots. Potato yields suffer sometimes, from lack of enough magnesium in the soIL The leaves usually turn light green or yellow as a result. One Virginia scientist believes chemical analysis of the lower leaves of the plant will show whether nitrogen or magnesium causes poor yields and change In color of the leaves. He adds that experiments show that placement of fertilizer In the soil may Injure rather than aid the seed. When cut surfaces of po toto seed pieces come in contact with fertilizer, healing is prevented, and Injury or killing of the seed results. Whole seed does not suffer this type of Injury. Pasture Improvement Important for Farmers Pasture Improvement Is a profit able undertaking on southeastern Ohio farms If live stock are kept to utilize the extra forage, D. R. Dodd finds after several years of demonstrations in fertilizing, liming and seeding these hillsides. From these tests he makes these deductions: Reseeding of runout pasture at the time of applying lime and fertilizer is not necessary unless desirable pasture plants cover less than 5 per cent of the ground area or unless quick results are desired. Fertilizers not only greatly increase the yield but also gradually change the kind of vegetation occupying the land. Where capital Is limited, the largest return per dollar Invested may be ob tained from lime and superphosphate. The largest net return, however, comes from a complete fertilizer. Potash In addition to phosphate alone is not worthwhile as a general rule. Where nitrogen and phosphate are used, the returns from additions of potash are much greater. Nitrogen is by far the most effective of the three common elements In In creasing yield. Returns from It, how ever, are rather limited unless phos phorus and potassium are also present in abundance. —Ohio Farmer. Ice Requirements To compute the annual Ice require ments of a dairy farm in the northern states, If the ice house is moderately good and shrinkage from melting is not more than 30 per cent, half a ton of ice per cow Is sufficient to cool the cream and hold It at a low tempera ture for delivery two or three times a week If suitable cooling tanks are used. If whole mils' Is to be cooled, the quantity of ice stored should be Increased to one and a half tons per cow, says the United States Depart ment of Agriculture. For the needs of the average family on a general farm at least five tons of Ice are necessary for the season and, because of melting losses, this amount Is about the mini mum to be considered, even for a well insulated ice house. Long Hitch Increases Draft While the difference between a 10- foot team hitch and 100-foot hitch is considerable, It is not as great as peo ple make out and It Is all bosh that a team cannot drag a 94-pound bag of cement at the end of a 100-foot rope. They can drag it easily, but It would tire them much more rapidly because of the poorer footing. This same rea son also explains why the front team on a tandem hitch tires so much more than the rear team; the flatter angle at which they must pull .gives them a poorer footing and a poorer chance to exert their strength;—Wallaces’ Farmer. Longer Ears of Com For 30 years Jacob Sass, an lowa grower of prize corn, has been trying to add to the length of ears. His ef forts have rewarded him with ears of the grain 10 Inches In length, which Is 3 inches longer than normaL He even produced some measuring 15 Inches, and says the day Is not tar off when he will be able to show 18- lnch corn. For planting, Bass selects the kernels of his longest corn as seed. Sheep Industry Is Old The sheep Industry is very, very old. Sacred history tells ns the shep herds and their flocks were ’round about In the hills when Christ was born. The Industry was very old even in those days and a most important one. As time progressed and civiliza tion spread to the west across Europe, the sheep population expanded. In all of the great wars of history the soldiers wore-wool and ate meat. As the civilized nations grew in Impor tance their sheep Industry advanced. Odd Changes Made in American Place Names It does not seem probable that •> there will be any tourist rush for i Mendicant Ridge or Starved Creek g these days, but If anyone should be curious about these strange appella- . tions he may find complete enlighten ment in "Uncle Sam’s Handbook on j Geographic Names.” For 44 years j the United States Geographic board - has been chasing down peculiar place ~ names, and settling disputes regard- ) ing their spelling, pronunciation, ori gin and meaning. Its most recent publication, for which some one In . the State department chose the fore- . going pretentious title, contains 25,- . 000 novel reports and decisions of this character. One of the most Ironic cases of a evolution in nomenclature was found at Breteche creek, Wyoming. This D stream, flowing Into the Shoshone p river, was named for Paul Breteche, n an early settler of French ancestry. b The original pronunciation was “Bre- * teshay,” but with naive disregard for c the feelings of the discoverer, local e residents have twisted the name Into 8 Britisher creek. The geographic 8 board Insists upon wrenching It back * to the original. tl Likewise our weakness for Amer- 8 lcanizatlon of names has made b f'Two things I wanted-ij|P?% “...and It was all so simple when I found out my trouble. My physician said I had no organic disease, j but I did have what is so commonly and truthfully Jmm-- - *'A called a low percentage of hemo-glo-bin in the blood. :> fiLfl “The reasonableness of one of the S.S.S. ads caused me to think that S.S.S. Tonic was just what I needed MM . for my let-down feeling, pimply skin and low resist- Sk ance. I wanted more strength and a clear skin. H “It didn’t take S.S.S. very long to get my blood f back up to normal —and as my strength and energy \. \'i 'WfeJ/ ~A ■ returned my skin cleared up.” vUik .W?*' ; If your condition suggests a tonic of this kind, try \\ Wk S.S.S. It is not just a so-called tonic but a tonic spe- >J|. . llpifS • cially designed to stimulate gastric secretions, and '% •' ~ also having the mineral elements so very, very neces sary in rebuilding the oxygen-carrying hemo-glo-bin \ of the blood. ** I \ ( , S.S.S. value has been proven by generations of use, I round f|: ffla as well as by modern scientific appraisal. Sold by all ou i _y I| ,J 9 drug stores.. .in two convenient sizes.. .the larger is ' M H ymore economical. © The S.S.S. Co. trouble” Salt and Pepper, Please Seekers of Trouble Girl Castaway Good heavens! Some people are so fond of ill luck Cannibals 1 that they run half way to meet it. — Sailor—Now, don’t get In a stew. Exchange. THIS CROSS TELLS YOU It Means the REAL ARTICLE GENUINE Of Bayer ASPIRIN k H h Manufacture When you go to buy aspirin, Remember this for your own just remember this: Every protection. Tell your friends tablet of real aspirin of about it for their protection. Bayer manufacture is Demand and stamped with this cross. No get Genuine tablet without this cross is BayerAspirin.Q/S^iSgS^^^ GENUINE Bayer Aspirin. Safe relief for headache, colds, sore throat, pains of rheumatism and neuritis, etc. Genuine Bayer Aspirin Does Not Harm the Heart mkmbbh n. r. a, GRAHANHB FAMOUS radi ° ann ° uncer enounce to the world that THE EDISON is a great Hotel" (from v •25® HOTEL EDISON / 47th ST. Wft of S'way NEW YORK I 1000 ROOMS (ACM WITH BATH. RADIO AND CIRCUIATINOICI WATER r R a T g ITH BA ™ OR * BHOWER j h rsrs FAMOUS SOUTHERN bar > . S iUU (Wta. mi Sflril. Pp*lar PriM> Y U — 1 " tu f V PRIVATE DINING ROOMS \ ' jf L . IDPEN AIR ROOF GARDEN V r a unusual sample rooms r i t DINING ROOMS \ * tr\ // GARAGE SERVICS rj L~eritra//u located.. ]r light and Redwood Streets \ r V BALTIMORE.. MARYLAND \ '-f ‘Director \ij ■'• .' : .Hi v v-' ■ sJSv&'a&v .r “Ozark” out of the French “Aux Arcs” and “Key West” out of the Spanish “Cayo Huesco.” With a finality that admits of no dispute the board has taken the occa sional “h” out of “Behring.” The Bering sea was named for Capt. Ivanovich Bering, whose explora tions in 1741 gave the world Its first knowledge of Alaska. But Gulph Creek, Pa., retains Its historical spelling, in spite of the moderns who would have It mere "Gulf.” School teachers of New England need not be further bewildered by the 132 different ways of spelling Lake Win nipesaukee If they will recognize the authority of Uncle Sam’s experts. Tracking down these picturesque names to their original source ap pears to be great sport. But after nearly half a century the geographic board appears to be surfeited by this type of local color. People who christen towns, rivers, mountains, etc., in the future are respectfully asked to choose names which “are short, euphonious, and In keeping with the character and traditions of the region,” and to preserve the story of their derivation.—Washing ton Post.