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The midland journal. (Rising Sun, Md.) 1885-1947, June 01, 1934, Image 2

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News Review of Current
Events the World Over
House Committee Votes to Impeach Judge Woodward
Troops Suppress Labor Riots in Two Statesc-
Chicago’s Fair Reopened.
® by Western Newspaper Union.
FIFTEEN of twenty members of the
house committee on judiciary voted
for Impeachment action against Fed
eral Judge Chnrles E. Woodward of
g Chicago, and It was
■p; announced that for-
HgP £' C mal charges against
him would be drawn
up and presented on
the floor of the house
within a few dnys.
r' > Jr The house must then
% Jr rfeclde the matter of
K'-:,lr Impeachment and If It
■glW finds the charges sub
stantlated the jurist
will be tried at the
Judge C. E. j, ar 0 f senate. Ac-
Woodward cor( ilng to reports in
Washington, flagrant nepotism was to
be the major charge against Judge
Woodward, this being based on evi
dence showing he appointed the law
firm of Loucks, Eckert & Peterson to
many lucrative attorneyships In bank
ruptcy and equity receivership cases;
that his son, Harold, was employed by
this firm, and that Harold’s compensa
tion was raised from about $2,000 to
$13,000 a year soon after Judge Wood
ward began making those appoint
The vote In the committee was non
partisan. Three members were absent
Eleven Democrats and four Republi
cans voted for impeachment Of the
five casting their ballots against im
peachment four were Republicans, one
was a Democrat
It may be the Woodward case will
set a precedent In Impeachment trials.
To avoid a summer session of the
senate, Senator Ashurst of Arizona
has offered a resolution providing that
an impeachment case may be first
heard by 12 senators instead of by the
entire senate. These twelve would hear
the testimony and present It In a certi
fied report to the senate at the nest
LABOR troubles became so serious
that state troops were mobilized
In Minneapolis and In Toledo, Ohio,
and despite the presence of soldiers
there was a great deal of rioting and
violence. In Minneapolis the striking
teamsters and building tradesmen re
jected an order of the regional labor
board to end the strike immediately
and insisted on fighting to a finish.
The employers had accepted the labor
board’s terms. Governor Olson had
brought 3,700 men of the National
Guard to the city. In the midst of the
disorder on the streets, Congressman
Francis H. Shoemaker was arrested
for inciting violence and was found
guilty, being given the choice of ten
days’ confinement in the workhouse or
a SSO fine.
Toledo’s battle centered about the
plant of the Electric Auto-Lite com
pany in which 1,800 non-striking em
ployees had been besieged for fifteen
hours by a great mob of riotous strik
ers and frequently fired upon by
snipers on the roofs of nearby build
ings. The windows of the plant were
all broken by stones, and torches
thrown through them started many
fires. The police used tear gas bombs
but were roughly handled by the mobs,
so six companies of state troops were
called out and they, marching with
fixed bayonets, scattered the strikers
and released the imprisoned employ
Later the strikers and their friends
gathered again and fought furiously
with the troops, showering them with
bricks and paving stones. Dozens of
soldiers were injured and finally the
exasperated guardsmen fired on the
mobs, two rioters being killed and
many wounded. Tear gas and the
more powerful “knockout” gas were
freely used by both sides.
Charles P. Taft, son of the late
President, was sent from Washington
to Toledo as special mediator for the
national labor board of the NI<A.
leader, beard rumors that soma
senators were planning a filibuster for
the purpose of killing the administra
tion’s tariff bargain
lng bill. He said he I
was ready to squelch ? f||
any such scheme by jv -yJB
prolonging the daily V
sessions of the sen
ate. “If that is the I
intention we will Ifjn
meet at 10 a. m, and ■~Wjl
stay until 8 p. in.."
be said. “And, if
that doesn’t work,
we’ll come here at 9 _ _ ~
a. m. and stay till the
same hour in the evening."
The house, after two days of work,
passed the administration’s industry
loan bill and sent it bark to the senate.
The senate had approved a bill fixing
the maximum total RFC five-year
loans at $250,000,000 and limiting the
amount the twelve federal reserve
hanks could advance to $280,000,000.
But the house discarded the senate
provisions and Inserted its own. which
Increase the RFC total to $300,000,000
and cut the reserve bank maximum to
$140,000,000. The differences were to
be adjusted in conference.
| /"'LARENCE DARROW’S report on
the NRA, submitted some time ago
to President Roosevelt, has been made
public, and in the main it was Just
what was expected from the Chicago
lawyer and his colleagues. It analyzed
eight of the more important codes and
found that seven of them foster
monopolies, help big business and do
a lot toward putting small concerns
out of business. These seven codes
are: Electrical manufacturing, foot
wear division, rubber manufacturing,
motion pictures, retail solid fuel, steel,
ice, and bituminous coal. The report
found no monopolistic features in the
cleaners and dyers’ code.
Administrator Johnson and his chief
counsel, Donald R. Rlchberg, had been
given the report previously for the
purpose of composing a reply to it.
This they did, to the extent of 50,000
vigorous words. They answered all
the Darrow charges and asserted the
report was “superficial,” “intemperate,”
“inaccurate,” “prejudiced,” "one sided,”
“inconsistent,” “nonsensical,” "insup
portable,” “false,” and "anarchistic.”
Darrow came back with a caustic
answer that drew further violent lan
guage from the NRA chiefs, and the
battle then became general. Senator
Gerald P. Nye, Republican, of North
Dakota, a supporter of Darrow’s views,
spoke for hours In the senate, demand
ing that congress stay in session until
the existing “abuses” are corrected.
Next came a bitter attack from or
ganized labor, asserting that the Dar
row board’s report was “a disservice
to the nation and its citizens in a time
of great economic stress.”
A row broke out in the Darrow
group that left several members not
on speaking terms with one another.
William O. Thompson, a member of
the board, accused Lowell Mason, the
board’s counsel, of tampering with the
records, and Mason’s one-time connec
tion with the Insull interests was
brought up.
Darrow and General Johnson,
strangely enough, took a social ride
to Mount Vernon In the administra
tor’s car, but seemingly all they talked
about was history and religion.
DAT HURLEY, former secretary of
* war, appeared before the senate
civil service committee in a warlike
mood and angrily demanded that
a there be a full exami
nation of charges that
he was party to a
patronage plot hatched
by Republicans at his
home in Virginia. He
declared that it should
be determined whether
the Depart me n t of
Justice is out to smear
all members of the
preceding admlnistra
p . , . tion or whether A. V.
Hurle Dalrymple, the special
y assistant attorney gen
eral who made the charges, is “just
an irresponsible falsifier in charge of
the wooden pistol section of the De
partment of Justice.”
Mr. Dalrymple read to the commit
tee letters from C. W. Broom and
Lee Shannon, who told the Justice
department assistant that persons
whom they declined to name had in
formed them of the meeting at Hur
ley’s home, where prominent Repub
licans were alleged to have planned
how they could hold on to patronage
Jobs despite the change in administra
tion. Dalrymple denied that he had
made the charges himself.
CHICAGO'S exposition, A Century
of Progress, was reopened for an
other summer with a big military
parade and much ceremony. The fair
has been reconstructed and redecor
ated and Is a bigger and better expo
sition this year than the one that called
forth so much enthusiastic praise In
1933. The best of the former ex
hibits and features have been retained,
but many new ones have been added
and everything has been brought up
to date. There are 12 new foreign
villages for the edification and amuse
ment of visitors; the Chicago and De
troit symphony orchestras will give
long series of fine concerts; the scien
tific and manufacturers’ exhibits have
been vastly Improved and enlarged;
the "Midway,” bettered in various
ways, has been moved to the lake
front of the island; and the entire ex
position is resplendent with new
colors and new lighting.
gress what kind of silver bill he
was willing to accept—the compro
mise explained In this column recently
—and such a measure was promptly
introduced by Senator Key Pittman.
Some members of the silver bloc were
far from satisfied with the bill, but
there was every indication that it
would be passed before the end of the
session, the senators from the silver
states accepting it in lieu of anything
better from their point of view. If
they sought to defeat It the probable
result would be a long fight and no
silver bill whatever. The bill really
leaves to the discretion of the Presi
dent the making of silver a part of
the monetary system and the stabiliza
tion of its price.
IF REPORTS from Petping are true,
the Japanese have perpetrated an
other outrage on the helpless Chinese
in Manchukuo. The story Is thnt
Chinese farmers In the southeastern
part of the puppet state refused to
give up their arms on demand of the
Japanese troops and thnt as a result
army planes bomhed twenty farm vil
lages, killing a thousand persons, In
juring hundreds of others and destroy
ing all the homes. An explanation
from Tokyo, claiming the farmers were
really bandits or rebels, may be ex
pected soon.
CONSTITUTIONAL government has
been discarded by another Euro
pean nation. In a bloodless coup d’etat
the Bulgarian army took control of
thnt country under a
military dictatorship.
King Boris either
i|s aj sponsored the move
■L <■ nient or quietly yield-
JP| ’IPw P ed to it. He promptly
|E|v signed about thirty
decrees that were pre-
I pared in advance, dis
lllEr solving the parliament
and putting the new
yUreW f m government in power,
with Klmon Guero-
Klng Boris guleff as premier.
Members of the former government
and several other persons were ar
rested. Not only in Sofia, the capital,
but throughout the country the mili
tary leaders were in control.
The program of the new govern
ment was set forth In a long mani
festo calling for the creation of a dis
ciplined, orderly state. The principal
alterations In the structure of the gov
ernment include a sharply reduced
membership In the legislature, which
Is to be under firm control of the
administration, a reduction In num
ber of the country's political sub
divisions, a general weeding out of
municipal and provincial authorities,
and an Intensification of attention
upon the interests of villages and rural
Boris, the forty-yenr-old king, may
be relegated to a position of compara
tive unimportance, as was the king of
Italy by Mussolini and his Fascists.
But Boris is known as a good fighter
and perhaps he can keep himself at
the head of his people In fact as well
as In name.
WHILE the Paraguayans and the
Bolivians were engaged In the big
gest and most Important battle In the
Chaco war, with between (50,000 and
80,000 men on both sides, the League
of Nations council at Geneva sent
cables to 31 governments asking If
they would put an arms on
the two nations. This "action was
taken after the council had adopted a
resolution favoring such an embargo
at the earliest possible moment, in
accord with the message given the
congress and the world by President
Roosevelt. The State department in
Washington was pursuing conversa
tions with Peru, Chile, Brazil and Ar
gentina In the effort to bring an end
to the bloody fighting In the Gran
Chaco. Bolivian Minister Finot ob
jected strongly to the proposed em
bargo, asserting it would impose an
Injustice on Bolivia because Para
guay has an arms and munitions fac
tory and Bolivia has none.
Good news came from Rio de Jan
eiro, where representatives of Peru
and Colombia reached a peaceful set
tlement of the differences between
their nations over the jungle border
village of Leticia and thus dissipated
a war cloud which has hung over
South America for twenty months.
FOR more than thirty years the rad
ical La Folletteites of Wisconsin
have been operating as Republicans
and under that label have competed,
often with success,
state. Now this is to
be changed. With the
aid of delegates from B !
labor and farm or
gnnlzationß. the fol- M
lowers of Senator La H
Follette, assembled 1
in convention in Fond M
du Lac, formed a new
party and named it iJ§|p
the Progressive party.
No statement of prin
clples was made, all La Follette
attempts to bring one forth being
Senator La Follette kept in the back
ground until questions of organiza
tion were settled. With the party
name decided, the senator came into
the picture with a prepared speech.
The period called Republican pros
perity, he said, had culminated in the
collapse of the country’s economic life.
“The disaster of 1929 and the acute
distress and suffering of the American
people that followed were made pos
sible by the betrayal of the people’s
trust by men in both parties, con
trolled through their party organiza
tions by privileged interests.”
A few hours later a state central
committee was formed, with former
Gov. Philip La Follette as its chair
man, and in Milwaukee It began map
ping out the campaign for the autumn
congressional and state elections.
Approximately $8,000,000 dam
age was done by a conflagration
in Chicago that was described as the
worst that city had experienced since
the great fire of 1871. It started in
the Union Stock Yards, familiar to
all visitors to the city, and within a
lew hours had swept over an area
equivalent to about eight city blocks.
The flames also leaped across Halsted
street, destroying many shops and res
idences. Happily only one human life
was lost, though the injured, mostly
firemen, numbered some 1,100. As the
stock pens were comparatively empty
over the week-end. the loss of live
stock was restricted.
National Topics Interpreted
by William Bruckart
Washington.—President Roosevelt’s
determination to advise congress ns it
leaves for home after
Smart the current session.
Politics of Bome of the things
that he wishes to
present for its consideration next Jan
uary has injected a new factor into
the forthcoming political campaigns.
Most of the careful observers here
think his maneuver was politically
smart. They take the view that he
actually has presented to the country
and the voters the general outline of
his future legislative program In order
that he can have something of a man
date given the representatives and sen
ators who are chosen In this fall’s
I haven’t seen any signs yet that
will indicate how the Republicans
and other anti-Roosevelt forces will
attempt to meet this new factor,
but it is quite apparent they will
force debate upon many of the projects
of the New Deal that have already
been enacted into law, as well as the
embryo plans contained In his late
messages. Some leading thinkers
around Washington have suggested
that Mr. Roosevelt Is taking advantage
of the natural attacks that will be
promoted by the opposition in order to
ascertain for himself whether he has
gone far enough with his social reform
movements. It seems there can be no
doubt that he will be In a position to
know the temper of the country after
the voters have heard his various New
Deal Items discussed. And, It is being
suggested almost in the same breath
that If the voters strike down many
of the administration wheelhorses and
those who have stood by the New Deal,
the administration will not press some
of the more far-reaching social legisla
tion that Sir. Roosevelt mentioned in
the series of messages lately sent to
Examining the proposals, such as
old age pensions, unemployment insur
ance, revision of NRA principles re
lating to minimum wages to meet prac
tical instead of theoretical conditions
and several others, one can hardly es
cape the conclusion that only the sub
mission of them at this time when
they will become fodder for campaign
debate will enable the country to
know its own mind. In other words,
as I see the picture, if the country as
a whole wants such far-reaching
changes in its laws, it will show it
by sending proponents of such pro
posals to seats in congress.
I have heard some discussion, how
ever, to the effect that in taking the
bold step of giving congress advance
information of his thoughts, Mr. Roose
velt was seeking at the same time to
present a more complete picture of
his New Deal. By so doing, of course,
he naturally can expect that pro
ponents of the reform ideas will have
something more to use in advocating
retention of the changes. They will
not be in the dark as to what the
future holds. Many of them will have
added confidence, especially if they
have become a bit shaky about the
course that the President is following.
At any rate, If the Democrats emerge
from the fall elections with anything
like their present strength, the con
gress that meets in January, 1935, will
be as tractable, or more so, than the
present one. Anyone can see the Pres
ident would be unable to put over his
New Deal without an obedient con
gress, hence he is staking that need,
too, by disclosing plans in advance.
• • *
It is not too much to say that there
has been a tremendous stiffening of
backbone in con-
Trouble gress in the last
Brewing several weeks. It
8 has been more pro
nounced, I believe, than at any time
since Mr. Roosevelt took over the
reins. So there might possibly be
some trouble brewing on Capitol Hill.
This condition is regarded by some
as being the more clearly discernible
because the President frankly said he
did not urge enactment of his pro
posals at this session.
There has been no secret about the
fact, around here, that Mr. Roosevelt
wanted to get congress out of town at
the earliest possible date. I have
heard it suggested even that he had
hoped he could get the leaders to bring
about an adjournment before the sil
ver question got out of hand. But that
desire was lost, if he entertained such
hope. He has had to swallow some
silver legislation which, it is quite
apparent, he does not like. Political
expediency made it necessary.
No one here has been able to ex
plain just why the silverites have been
able to muster so much strength.
There are only seven silver states, and
from the political standpoint. It is to
be assumed that they cannot wield
the power that is inherent in legisla
tion affecting the more populous
areas. But the silver bloc has per
sisted in its efforts, has been recal
citrant in many ways, and it never
was licked completely. As far as I
am concerned, I cannot see where it
is going to be of any particular help.
But the silver advocates tell me I am
wrong, and, whatever else may he
said, their views forced Mr. Roosevelt
Into a corner where he had to take
a small dose of silver medicine.
It was easy to see a week or so ago
that if the President had been able to
•tall off the silverites a little longer,
he would have succeeded In getting an
adjournment before he was compelled
to agree that the country’s money
should be backed by 25 per cent of
silver coin or bullion. Financial
sharps assure me that actually the
legislation on silver will do nothing
more than raise the price temporarily
to those who have silver to sell.
* * *
Senator Borah’s recent outbreak on
the President’s proposal for authority
to negotiate recip-
Borah’s rocal tariff agree-
Outbreak ments with foreign
nations is typical of
the dangers confronting the adminis
tration In a session where adjournment
is too long delayed. Senator Borah,
though a Republican and a member
of the minority in congress, has a
strong following in congress and
throughout the country. When he
arises in his place, therefore, and chal
lenges the administration, urges the
country to return to constitutional gov
ernment and says there is “a niche
alongside of Washington nnd Lincoln”
for a brave leader to preserve a free
government when Senator Borah
makes that challenge, a good many
persons are going to ask, whither are
we going? The Borah speech was
such a ringing call for clenr thinking
that I believe his concluding para
graphs are worthy of recording for
further dissemination:
“We have had emergencies before,
have had more than one hour of peril.
The Constitution has been sufficient
and efficient in all instances. And
now, of all times, we should show our
faith in, and our devotion to, our form
of government. Now, more than at
any other time in our history, we
should by word and act demonstrate
the faith which made this Republic,
and which will preserve it.
“In the midst of world turmoil,
Washington pinned his faith to Con
stitutional democracy. That steadfast
soul never wavered, never doubted. In
the midst of civil war, Lincoln de
clared that the government of the peo
ple, for the people, and by the peo
ple should not perish from the earth.
There is a niche alongside of these
two immortal defenders of free gov
ernment for the brave American who
in his place of power accepts the
challenge of these apostles of terror
and fanaticism, of these enemies,
avowed enemies of free government
and of personal liberty, and against
all comers declares his faith in the
efficiency and the worth of the repub
lican Institutions and his determina
tion to maintain and preserve them In
all of their integrity at any cost and
at all hazards.”
It is to be noted that Senator Borah
made no reference to any individual
now entrusted with power. Ilis chal
lenge was to the New Deal, in its en
tirety, according to the opinions that
I have heard expressed. From many
directions, I have heard views that the
Borah speech probably would arouse
more fright among opponents of the
New Deal than anything that yet has
• * *
The inability of some government
officials to carry out assignments
given them by Presl
“Ding” Hits dent Roosevelt, as
Snae a result of overlap
• ping of authority or
assumption of power by others under
the complexities of the present gov
ernmental setup, has begun to attract
attention. There are numerous in
stances that can be cited, hut lately I
encountered one that appears to me to
be typical.
Mr. Roosevelt brought J. N. Dar
ling, who Is probably one of the great
est cartoonists of our day, to Washing
ton as chief of the biological survey.
Mr. Darling, whose signature “Ding”
is known far and wide, is a zealot in
his desire to restore game birds and
animals to the numbers of earlier years.
The biological survey is a unit of the
Department of Agriculture. Funds
with which Mr. Darling was to acquire
waste land, timber, swamps and swail,
were to come from the vast appropria
tion managed by Secretary Ickes of
the Department of the Interior. There
was to have been $23,000,000, and Mr.
Darling said when he came to Wash
ington that he believed a splendid job
could be done with that sum. He pro
ceeded upon recommendations of a
Presidential commission to make plans
for acquisition of the necessary lands
and was moving at a steady pace
when, lo! he learned that Mr. Ickes
had declined to make the funds avail
able as planned.
Numerous conferences followed. Sec
retary Wallace, of the Department of
Agriculture, and Mr. Darling were said
to have figuratively wept on each
other’s shoulder. They tried to find
some way to get the money trans
ferred so that the work could go on
and, I understand, did get $1,500,000
made available from somewhere in the
various alphabetical organizations.
In the meantime, I am told, Secre
tary Ickes was determined to have his
own inspection made of lands pro
posed to be acquired, notwithstanding
the fact that Mr. Roosevelt had named
a commission for the specific purpose
of locating the sites, etc. Also, in the
meantime, it has been disclosed that
the original $25,000,000 has been “ear
marked”' for several other proposi
c bT Western Newspaper Union.
Alfalfa Seeding
Will Exceed 1933
Retired Land in Illinois Is to
Be Used for Starting
New Meadows.
By J. C. Hackleman, Crops Extension Spe
cialist, University of Illinois.
WNU Service.
A new all-time record for alfalfa
growing Is expected to be set In Illi
nois this year In spite of the fact that
the 1933 crop of 337,000 acres was a
record in itself. At least part of the
1,866,200 acres of Illinois land that
will be retired from commercial grain
production under the various adjust
ment programs will be utilized ns an
Ideal place for starting an alfalfa
meadow while at the same time ob
taining some income from the land in
the form of benefit rental payments.
Alfalfa may be seeded with or with
out a nurse crop.
Use of contracted land for alfalfa
and other crops is explained in a cir
cular, “How Use Contracted Acres,”
which the college has Just Issued for
distribution to interested farmers.
Record plantings of alfalfa are only
one indication of the extent to which
Illinois farmers are carrying out the
college’s long-time teaching for the
growing of more legumes on Illinois
farms. This has been advocated for
years not only as a means of adjust
ing production to demand but also
of reducing production costs, of con
serving land resources as a continu
ing source of wealth and of controlling
Insects and diseases.
As most of one growing season is
needed to establish a good alfalfa field,
there is no better place to start than
on the contracted acres. However,
alfalfa should be seeded only where
the soil is known to be sweet enough
to produce the crop and where soil
tests indicate that there Is sufficient
available phosphorus to make produc
tion of the crop relatively safe.
If the alfalfa is to be seeded with
a nurse crop, oats probably should be
used since this crop is far less attrac
tive to chinch bugs than is barley.
Barley near a cornfield would be a
worse hazard to the corn than would
oats. Oats used as a nurse crop for
alfalfa should be clipped before they
head out. If the oats grow too fast,
they probably should be clipped twice
so that no large amount of material
will be left on the young alfalfa at any
one time and thus endanger the stand.
Alfalfa may also be seeded alone,
after a thorough preparation of the
seed bed, if weeds have been kept
under control for several years on the
land. Such seeding will likely require
two or three clippings during the year.
The final clipping should be made
about the middle of August.
No hay can be taken from alfalfa
seeded on the contracted acres during
1934. The hay can, of course, be used
in 1935 if the contracted acres have
been released.
If summer seeding of alfalfa is pre
ferred, the ground should have been
plowed and prepared this spring. The
seed bed should be worked at fre
quent intervals, thus insuring the kill
ing of several crops of weeds. Seed
ing should be done in late July or
early August so that the crop will be
ready for use as hay in 1935. Any
contracted wheat acreage so handled
must be replaced by an equivalent con
tracted acreage In 1935.
.Various Breeds of Sheep
Differ in as Many Ways
A dozen different breeds of sheep
are common, says the New York State
College of Agriculture. These breeds
differ in body form, weight, age at
which they mature, type of fleeces,
hardiness, and In other ways. A breed
that is best suited to individual fancy,
to the land, and to market demand can
be easily selected.
After a suitable breed has been chos
en, it is better to use this breed thaD
to change from one to another every
year or two. Also important in the
breeding program are simple yet ade
quate records that aid farmers to cull
their flocks intelligently and to select
replacements of their own breeding.
Potatoes Under Straw
Growing potatoes under straw is not
practiced as much now as it formerly
was. By this method of growing, the
straw or some similar material Is scat
tered over the ground, usually direct
ly after planting, to the depth of five
or six inches. Such a covering pre
vents evaporation and keeps the weeds
from growing. The practice is more
desirable on very light than on very
heavy soils. On soils which are af
fected by drought, straw can be used
to great advantage not only to increase
the crop but to improve the soil by in
creasing the source of humus. The
potatoes come up through the straw
and, of course, no cultivation is need
ed. At harvest time the straw is
raked off and usually the potatoes
have formed on or near the surface of
the ground.—lndiana Farmer's Guide.
Seed Heat Sterilized
Experiments carried on last year
have proven the feasibility of steriliz
ing seed by a hot-water treatment
which kills many of the disease germs
of the plant yet leaves the seed unaf
fected so far as germination is con
cerned. The tests were carried on
with cabbage seed with water at a
temperature of 125 degrees used. The
seed was held submerged in the water
for 25 minutes and found to be freed,
as a result, of many of the more com
mon Ills of the cabbage

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