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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
PUBLISHED EVERT FRIDAY MORNING BT ♦ EPKTTIISrO BROS. RISING SUN CECIL. COUNTY MARYLAND Entered as Second Claes Matter at Post Office In Rising Sun, Maryland Under Act of Congress of March S, 18$# INDEPENDENT IN POLITICS AND ALL OTHER SUBJECTS TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION ONE TEAR, IN ADVANCE ... SI .SO N SIX MONTHS ...... *I.OO THREE MONTHS - - - • .80 SINGLE COPY. S CENTS ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION ! Foreign Advertising Representative 1 ! Foreign Advertii:.g Representative THKAMF.RICAV ORFSS ASnt ' \ nos I THE AMFP 1C AN r nret ASSPCI A'i ION FRIDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1835 WHAT FIRE PREVENTION MEANS TO YOU The coming of Fire Prevention Week, which will be observed be tween October 6 and 12, makes it worthwhile to meditate on what Are prevention means to you as an indi vidual, a i taxpayer, a homeowner and a worker. Fire prevention saves lives—yours and your loved ones. Thousands of people are now cremated each year —because someone was careless. Fire prevention is the friend of the home. Without it, your home may be turned to ashes —and insurance can never replace the many in tangible values each home repre sents. Money cannot compensate for everything. Fire prevention tends to keep taxes down. Each time a fire destroys tax paying property, thus removing it from.the tax rolls, higher taxes must be paid by all other property within the community. Fire prevention keeps insurance rates down. Over a period of years, the rate for each locality is based upon Are loss —many Ares mean high rates. Fire prevention is the friend of employment. When a Are destroys a business, jobs are lost, and thou sands of dollars in purchasing power is lost with them. Untold privation and misery can result. Fire prevention means progressive towns and cities. Cases are on rec cord where a single Are, destroying a town’s main industry, has resulted in permanent retrogression, at the expense of property and all other values in the community. Prevent Are—and save lives and money. Do your part during Fire Prevention Week. 0 DR. FRANCE PLEDGES GOV. NICE SUPPORT FOR PRESIDENCY Gov. Harry W. Nice, of Maryland, is assured the support of Dr. Joseph I. France, of Port Deposit, former United States Senator, if he seeks the United States presidency on "a platform adhering to American prin ciples.” “I hope Governor Nice will enter the Presidential preference primaries of all the states and carry our prin ciples to victory,” France said in a statement. “I do not ask him to accept my platform. He is well able to write his own. The country needs a loyal, fearless leader.” The former senator said if Gover nor Nice does not enter the presi dential primary lists, he feels certain the governor will support his own efforts. 0 If the causes of automobile acci dents are carefully studied and analyzed, the natural conclusion will be to lay most of them at the feet of the road hog. Here will be found the origin of a greater percentage of the many automobile accidents that happen annually throughout the country. There are many phases of road hogging. Making turns without signalling, driving to the left of the center of the highway, passing on curves or hills, Aghting for right-of way at intersections, parking on high ways, cutting in and out of moving lanes of traffic, pulling abruptly away from parking spaces without watch ing for oncoming traffic, stopping suddenly without warning—these and other misdemeanors are the acts of the road hog. Their result is, each year, thousands of unnecessary deaths, hundreds of thousands of In juries, and millions of dollars in property damage. ■■ ■ o A recent survey showed that Mary land ranked 32nd in the United States in acreage in farm woodlots, •36th in number of farms, 19th in average size of farm woodlot, 26 th in number of farm woodlots actually ■cutting timber, and 31st in average return and value of products of farm woodlots. According to the survey a revenue Dt 62,270,018 is now obtained from the 1,213,103 acres now in farm woadiota In the state. POLITICAL SPECULATION Congress has adjourned, and a great quiet has come over Washing ton. Theoretically, the political 'open season” has ended, and will not begin again until the next Con gress, which will convene with the start of the new year. Actually, however, politics never ends —and during the present brief “breathing spell” between sessions, laymen and publicists alike are spending most of cheir time speculating on what is going to happen in next year’s cam paign, and the campaign of 1940, Principal question at issue is this: ‘What changes, if any, have occur red in the status of Roosevelt popu arity since 1932 ” Byway of inswer, you can get almost anything you want. It is a human frailty, shared alike by Republicans and democrats, to regard a thing as be ng true simply because you wish it were true. As a result, political opinons on forthcoming campaigns must be weighed exceedingly care ’ully—they are dictated almost en tirely by partisan bias. The Demo cratic spokesman will tell you that Mr. Roosevelt will sweep the Aeld as completely in ’36 as he did in ’32 — the Republican spokesman will tell rou that he will lose, and that the G. O. P. will come back after the worst four years of its history. More or less unbiased observers, who are lot tarred with any party label, will ell you that both of these extreme /iews are wrong. j One of the best obtainable gauges 'or measuring the popularity or lack of it of any Administration, is news paper editorial opinion. Papers which were ,once highly ’avorable to Mr. Roosevelt and his policies, have become cold and non committal. Papers which once were incertain and said little, have taken to denouncing Administration acts. Vnd some very important papers, which normally back Democratic ad ministrations —such as the New York Times and the Baltimore Sun—And much to criticize in the President’s program. The drop in the President’s popu larity as a statesman —which is a very different matter than his popu 'arity as an individual —has given unbiased writers the belief that the G. O. P. has a chance —even though remote —to win in 1936, if it puts the right man forward. And there is a great problem. The Republican party is pretty well split up in fac tions. The progressives, led by Senators La Follette and Norris, do not want a conservative candidate. The conservatives, under the Hoover leadership, are bitter against present radical trends. Some think that the best candidate would be Senator Borah—but the Idaho lion has passed the biblically-allotted span of life, and that is a great barrier to his candidacy. Colonel Knox of Chicago is making a bid for nomination —but he is relatively unknown outside of a few big cities. Senator Vanden berg is another Agure to be reckoned with—but he too faces much coldness within his party. Senator McNary has inAuence as Republican leader in the Senate—but he comes from a small and remote state. Under any circumstances, the next campaign will be bitterly fought. The issues are many, but the out standing question for the voters to consider is whether to continue the swing to the left or turn back to the right. There will be no quarter giv en by either side. And a great deal can happen irt the year that must pass before vtes are counted. —Indus- trial Review. O Sixty-Ave percent of the farm families "in Maryland have to carry water to be used in the home from a well, spring, or pump on the outside, according to a recent investigation made in the state. The average dis tance the water must be carried is Afty-two feet. This investigation also showed that only about one-third of the farm homes of Maryland have the conveni ence of a kitchen sink and drain, less than 25 percent have improved j toilets, and only 13 percent have bathrooms. THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 4,198 S FELLOW CITIZENS—YOUR DUTY! By Walter R. Rudy Commissioner of Motor Vehicles The Annual Save-A-Llfe Campaign will be conducted this year from October Ist to October 31st, in clusive. It has been the practice of this office for several years past to make it necessary for every motor car owner throughout the State of Maryland to have his car thoroughly inspected at a convenient station ap pointed by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. There his car was passed on by a mechanic before a seal was placed on the windshield signifying that car was perfectly safe for the highways. In past years many motorists re sented being compelled to visit one of these stations. This attitude should be completely changed. The Mary land Save-A-Life Campaign is one that has a specific place in safe driv ing campaigns conducted throughout the United States. If every motorist will stop and consider just what this inspection means, he will cooperate completely with the office from which it originates. Saving lives is some thing that should be nearest the heart of every motor vehicle operator. To protect the lives of our fellow citizens is our duty. The fatality ffgures have continually grown to an appalling number and most of this ran be checked directly to faulty con ditions of brakes, tires, blinding headlights and many minor mechan ical defects of the automobile. These inspections were primarily intro duced to correct the practice of neglecting necessary adjustments. It is hardly excusable on the part of this office to allow cars having any of the above mentioned defects to continue on the highways. This will be the first Save-A-Life Campaign conducted since my ap pointment as Commissioner of Motor i Vehicles of the State of Maryland, and it is my sincere desire to have the complete support of every motor ist to thoroughly carry out this in spection. I will visit many of these stations throughout the campaign to see that these appointees are render ing the proper inspection. This is only fair to the automobile owner who is supporting this move to guard the lives of those dearest to us. I would like to impress upon the man who is making this inspec tion that it is his responsibility to see that the automobile that is brought to him will not carry the seal of safety unless he is thoroughly convinced that the car is safe to travel the highways. Again let me impress on each and every one of you, that it is not only your duty but your privilege to pro tect the innocent children, the men and women of our State against possible death or injury that might have been avoided, had every car in the State passed this safety test. In closing, may I ask your willing cooperation in making this Save-A-; Life Campaign of 1935 one that will i . go down in the history of Maryland as an outstanding achievement on the 1 part of all of us. o i NUTTLE URGES ACTION ON SECONDARY ROADS “Actually millions of dollars are i now available for improving Mary ■ land’s unimproved roads over which ■ thousands of farm people must travel > in their daily marketing, buying, and . general activities,” said H. H. Nuttle, • President of the Maryland Farm Bu : reau Federation, in Baltimore today, s “The Farm Bureau has actively • and persistently called the attention i of the rural people of the state to the : possibility of having many miles of i mud or other unimproved roads i greatly improved in the road program made possible by government relief ’ funds. The necessity of bringing . these matters to the attention of [ county officials, in order that they i may get projects formulated, has also r been urged,” said Mr. Nuttle. “If such road building projects are t not made available in the counties of Maryland, it will only be because ; of lack of active interest on the part of those charged with the responsi bility of securing these funds. Since i the Government is providing such ! large sums of money for public i works projects, certainly no county ■ or group of farmers living upon un improved roads, can conceive of any expenditure of public funds where . the labor provided could be put to a more useful purpose. "In the interest of the counties it will serve two distinctive purposes. It will get a large number of farmers • on an Improved or year-around road, | and second, it will conserve, in the interests of the counties of Mary land, their regular maintenance pass before votes are counted.—ln dustrial Review. o We aremo longer so rich that we can afford to waste our heritage. j State forests and parks are a sure means of conserving public benefits ! in the use of wild lands, which would I otherwise be lost through private exploitation. LEGAL BATTLE OVER HOLDING COMPANY ACT Friday, September 27, marked the opening, in Federal District Court in Baltimore, of the great legal battle to test the constitutionality of the Pub lic Utility Holding Company Act, sometimes known as the Wheeler- Rayburn bill, which was passed at the last session of Congress. Head ing the list of attorneys is John W. Davis, counsel for the Edison Electric Institute and former Democratic nominee for President. In this case, Mr. Davis appears as counsel for Fred Lautenbach, an intervening petition er who is seeking to have the act de clared unconstitutional. The first step in the attack upon the act was made September 16, when a petition was filed In the United States District Court in Balti more by J. B. Whitworth and F. Donald Fenhagen, trustees for the American States Public Service Com pany. The company, which controls water and power companies in Illi nois, Idaho, Michigan, California, Oregon, Montana, Delaware and Indiana, is in process of reorganiza tion under Section 77b of the Feder al Bankruptcy Act. The petitioning trustees, in their application to the court, set forth that registration with the Securities and Exchange Act, as required by the Holding Company Act, would entail heavy expense, would lay a punishing burden upon the original owners of the company and prevent completion of the plan of reorganization. They ask that the law be declared uncon stitutional. The trustees further declared that they, acting under instruction of the court, are carrying out a plan of re organization approved by the court, but they aver that this plan is in conflict with the Holding Company Act. The petition sets forth that each of the subsidiaries operated by the com pany operates within a single State and therefore is not engaged in inter state commerce. Mr. Davis represents one of the holders of debentures of the Ameri can States Power Company. He sup ported the petition of Mr. Whitworth and Mr. Fenhagen as trustees. It is expected that the case will be taken as swiftly as possible to the Supreme Court of the United Sta'es, regardless of what the decision may be in the District Court at Baltimore. The constitutionality of the act should be settled quickly, in the opinion of Robert E. Healy, member of the Securities and Exchange Com mission, which is responsible for en forcement'of the act. Mr. Healy has expressed the opinion that "the com mission's endeavors to administer it (the act) would be far more effective, with far less friction and less pres- ! sure, direct and indirect, after the validity of the act had been deter mined.” O EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH PRO GRAM LAUNCHED The American Council on Educa- I 1 tion, a non-government institution with headquarters at 744 Jackson j Place, N. W., Washington, D. C., will underlake in a five-year survey pro- i gram, to determine in what respect | the existing school systems can be i improved. A grant of SBOO,OOO from the Rockefeller Foundation Fund has been made to the Council for that purpose. In announcing the program, Dr. George F. Zook, President of the Council and a former U. S. Commis sioner of Education, stated that the program will be “fact-finding and remedial.” It will place emphasis “on the part youth plays in the present crimes,” he said, and added that the youth problem “may consti tute a fundamental threat to national welfare.” A group of outstanding educators and other well-known citizens are closely identified with the survey. For over two decades, the leading educators of the country, and many national and local organizations have advocated the creation of a Depart ment of Education, with a Secretary in the President’s Cabinet to do fed eral research work in education. It is not too much to state that it is a ; reflection on the vision of Congress and of all the recent Presidents, ex cept President Coolidge who recom mended a Department cf Education, that such important national duties should be left to the performance of J private wealth. , Many reasons have been advanced for establishing a Department of Education. Among them are the coordination of the existing activities j of the Government and educational research, always urgently needed, to assist the states in raising standards of learning tp levels most serviceable to the social and economic needs of the times. o i A poor show can still have two or three good laughs in it. But you expect more for $2. o By diligence and patience, the i mouse bit the cable in two. SCHOOL LUNCHES That Ring The Bell THEY don’t creep like snails “unwillingly to school” any more. Watch them. It’s a sunny day in September. There’s a cam pus and an athletic field around even the most humble school house. There’s a basket ball game to be played before school; there’s an orchestra rehearsal scheduled before the nine o’clock bell rings; or there’s a marble game tourna ment to be decided, or something else nice that’s very, very Im portant. Modern educators have seen to that. And they’ve done a good job of it. They’ve made school not merely a preparation for life, but a life right now—living in a big, big way. Give Mother a Hand Mothers, too, have done their part. They have organized Parent- Teacher’s associations to co-oper ate. And they’ve studied the prob lem of dietetics, so that the foods which this important generation eats will best equip them for these interesting and healthful activi ties. Lunch boxes are no longer car riers of something to merely “hold you over” until the evening din ner hour. They are exciting little adventures in themselves contain ing good things that you devour. It is easier today than It used to be, to prepare these lunches. There are canned fruit juices and thermos bottles to keep them cold; there are canned sandwich spreads and sliced bread to spread them on. There are even such new foods in cans as Brown Betty, or baked apples. There are wooden or paper spoons to eat these deli cious desserts with, so that even Telephone Pioneers Make Plans j For Membership Enrollment Milton E. Gsaber Newly elected officers of the Mary land chapter, Telephone Pioneers of America, are making an earnest ef fort to enroll all eligible employees in this organization, which is comprised of men and women with twenty-one years or more service in the telephone I industry. Milton E. Gerber, Baltimore, gen ! cral commercial engineer, la president i of the chapter, succeeding J. W. Tal bot, Baltimore, general plant manager of the Chesapeake and Potomac Tele phone Company of Baltimore City operating in the statu of Maryland. Other officers are W. H. Smith, Bal timore, traffic superintendent, south ern district, vice president, and Her man F. Thomas, Baltimore, senior clerk, plant construction, secretary and treasurer. The executive com mittee consists of Miss Florence E. Le Maitrej senior clerk, revenue ac- “ counting, Baltimore, Miss Mary E. Senator Arthur Capper, Kansas, Republican, terms the Democratic agricultrual program a “God-send to fanners." "If the Republican platform mak ers put the party on record against the AAA,” the Senator declared, '‘there’ll be little chance of winning the farm belt back to the Republican column." The 71-year old publisher of farm boys who don’t like to carry spoons back home again can en joy eating desserts and toss away the spoons. Hot or Cold7 If you live near enough the school, or the school bus, a hot home lunch is better, as a regular thing. But if not, it isn’t difficult to prepare a carry-lunch that will rival the home-served noonday meal. Here are some menu sug gestions for both sorts: MENUS FOR HOT HOME LUNCHES I Puffy Omelet with Tomato Sauce Creamed Corn Raisin Bread Cocoa Malted Drink Home Made Cookies Fruit II Clear Soup (with “letters”) Corned Beef Hash Fruit Salad Chocolate Pudding Milk 111 Cream of Pea Soup Chicken Baked Potatoes Whole Wheat Bread and Butter Apple Sauce Brownies Milk MENUS FOR SCHOOL LUNCHES I Date Bread Sandwiches Spread with Butter or Cream Cheese Cocoa Malted Drink Fruit Cookies Orange II Lettuce and Tomato Sandwich Stuffed Egg Sweet Pickle Milk Baked Apple 111 Peanut Butter Sandscich Buttered Fruit Muffin Tomato Juice Celery Hearts Chocolate Bar Milk* Harsch, chief operator, Oakland, and Mr. Talbot. The Maryland chapter now com prises 650 members including tele phone men and women from all sec tions of the state. Organization of the Telephone Pio neers of America with which this chapter is affiliated, originated with Henry W. Pope, who in 1880 had or ganized the National Telephone Ex change Association. With the assist ance of Charles R. Truex and Thomas B. Doolittle, the organization was founded. The first meeting of the Telephone Pioneers of America was held at Boston, the birthplace of the telephone, November 2 and 3, 1911. Theodore N. Vail, then president of the American Telephone and Tele graph Company, was the first presi dent of the organization. Dr. Alex ander Graham Bell, the inventor, who spoke the first words by telephone March 10, 1876, was the speaker at the initial meeting of the telephone pioneers. William Chauncey Langdon, his torical librarian of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, in a book on the subject, “Telephone Pioneers,” points out that Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the tele phone, was the last of the great in dividual inventors. Working alone, Dr. Bell thought out the theory of the electrical transmission of speech, dis covered the proper use of the undula tory current and invented the tele phone. Development of the telephone as an instrument, as a communication system, a business organization and public utility has been the result of team work, Mr. Langdon points out. The membership of the Telephone Pioneers of America, he says, is made up of those whose work through a notable number of years has con tributed to that development. In the spirit of comradeship these men in de veloping the industry were brought • into closer fellowship that resulted in the organization of the pioneers. publications unhesitatingly asserted "Kansas is for the AAA,” after mak ing a three weeks survey of the State. "With all its faults the agricul tural adjustment act has in it a measure of justice to the farmer that he will not willingly give up.” One who takes a job “to see if he likes it” is trifling. Hardly any job Is likable at first.