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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING BY -NT o BROS RISING SUN CECIL COUNTY MARYLAND Entered as Second Class Matter at Post Office In Rising Sun, Maryland Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 INDEPENDENT IN POLITICS AND ALL OTHER SUBJECTS TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION ONE YEAR, IN ADVANCE - *l-50 SIX MONTHS ----- *I.OO THREE MONTHS ----- .50 SINGLE COPY, 3 CENTS ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION r Foreign Advertising Representative THL AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION | | FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 193 G YOUR INCOME TAX The period for the filing of income tax returns covering the calentiai year 1935 begins Jan. 1 and ends a, midnight of March 16. March 15, the usual close of the filing penoa, this year falls on Sunday, allowing taxpayers an additional day of grace, which, however, it will be to then Interest to disregard. To file earl., is of mutual benefit to the Govern ment and the taxpayer. Within thi_ period are filed annually millions o. individual income-tax returns, u large proportion of which report in come subject to the tax. The latte, contain a considerable percentage o. errors, which is uucorrected by th audit would result to the disadvani age of the taxpayer. Many aiv errors of computation easily discov ered on the face of the return, whiti, usually is accompanied by a paymeu of more than the amount of tax unp in other returns it is readily dis cernibie that the taxpayer has tailed to take advantage of the person., exemption, credit allowed for dt pendents, or deductions-trom grcs income to which he is entitled. To avoid these and oilier errors the Bureau of Internal Kevenu. urges careful reading of the insirui tions on the form for filing the rc turns. Additional information, i needed, may be obtained at the ofik of a collector of internal revenut deputy collector, or an interna revenue agent in charge. Income-Tax Don’ts Don’t prepare your return withou first studying the instructions on th. form. Don’t procrastinate. Early assem blying of data permits a caretui con sideration of all tax problems. Don’t destroy the memorand. from which your return was pie pared. Don’t omit explanation when sucl. information is essential to an miei ligent audit. Attach memoranda a your return. o ACCIDENTS ON FARMS A campaign to reduce accidents ti farmers and laborers in conducing farm operations is proposed by Di T. B. Symons, director of the exten sion service. He points out thu farming is a rather hazardous ocou patlon and that most peopie do no fully realize the toll of unnecessaij accidents. It Is his suggestion that a survey be made of the accidents which occu. during a given period, the lunda mental causes and a year-arouin. safety program to be put inio effee. throughout the state. Such a campaign, Dr. Symons be lieves, Is in line with the efforts thu are being made to reduce accident., by automobiles, and it is his iutj. that the Extension Service and UK farm organizations should take th. lead in carrying it out. u Business Week recently announce., that the electric power systems of ih country plan capital expenditures c. about 1370,000,000 during 193 c. This money is going into plant ex panaion and betterment. It will b. used to bring the benefits of powei to more homes and farms and tc make service more economical an, efficient. Some bus.ness experts have forecast that the industry may in crease the budget before the year i. over, even though the program now planned represents a 56 per cent iu crease in spending over 1935. Why is the power industry spend la* this money? Because nations, power consumption touched an ali tlme high record near the end of las. year and will normally increase. Surplus plant capacity must always be developed to keep well ahead oi future demand. o President Roosevelt estimated of ficially for the first time Friday that the new farm program would cos, .about $500,000,000 annually, and the tax bill necessary to cover thiL aum will be submitted to Congress this week. ■ -o In the city la where a fire seldom -destroys as much of the building as you think it is f oing to. I f oreign Ariv. r ’‘ Reprt*spniarivp | Tl it. \ MERIC AN r RI'.SS A-SSOCIA'i ION GOLDSBOROUGH OFFERS WA\ TO AVOID INFLATION Washington, Feb. 6 (AP). —Rep .eseutauve T. Alan Gomsboroug.. ,bem., Md.) proposed a soldiers jonus financing plan to the Hous oday which he said would not re ,uire additional taxation or the issu .lice of flat money. He introduced a bill providing uat all earnings of Federal Reservi ,anks over and above six per cent hall be paid to the Federal Govern .lent in franchise tax, and giving the ederal Reserve Hoard absolute cor. rol over the reserve requirements o uember banks. Gcldsborough said the Govern .lent, under lus bill, could sell bouu 3 the Federal Reserve Banks to pa., he bonus and receive the sami mount back from the banks as u ranchise tax. He added there would be no dau er of inflation because the reserve £ member banks could be raised b. ,ie Federal Reserve Beard to an. ,oint necessary to prevent an in aticnary extension of credit b uember banks. Discuss.ng his bill before thi .ouse, Goldsborough said “you can dve inflation until your produetio. as reached one hundred per cent, o ,s possibilities. After you hav, eaclied the limit of buying powe, ud the country has produced all l an produce and is still issuin, aoney, then and then only can ye. ave inflation.” n t'HEN THE MERCURY DROPS FIREMEN SWEAT! Strange as it may sound —th, -lder it gets, the hotter the firems.. ad insurance adjusters become aat heat, ot course, is uot caused ae weather; it is brought about b, •ore work. Statistics compiled by The Na .onal Board of Fire Underwriter uveal that severe winter wea.he ..uses an epidemic of fires. It is no. ilncult to see why this is so. in ae aort to be comfortable, people force aeir furnaces to the limit and als, oe makeshift heating agencies, nder these conditions, it is naiura, _,r more fires to break out and the, .eans mere work for the fire depart ments and more losses tor the insui ace companies to adjust. Heaci ..ere is an extra amount of work 101 ,1 who handle the reports and otne. matters incident to the claims. If you don’t want your bouse to be ame so hot that you have to pan. atside, you should exercise the ui aost care in operating your beating ,iant—especially when the mercury rops to lew temperatures. Far bei ar to take more time for increasing ae heat in the house, man 10 suu-i . destructive fire from an overhea,eu .ove or chimney! “Forcing” a arnace is definitely dangerous. A little time spent inspecting a 1 .eating plant is a good step, too. f, for any reason, you do not fee. aat absolute safety is assured, you /ill do well to call in a heating ex .ert and follow his advice. u •OPULATION OF U. S. GIVEN AS 127,331,000 The 1935 population of the United ,tates is officially estimated by the .ensus Bureau at 127,521,000. The official count is taken as ot he middie of the year—July 1. The iew figures represented a gain oi J. 71 per cent from 1934, and of 4 ,er cent from 1930 when the las, .ctual census was taken. “If the increase should be con inued at this rate until the end of he decade,” the bureau said, “the .lation’s population in 1940 would be -round 132,000,000.” The total births between April 1, 1930 and July 1, 1935, including an illowance for under-registration, was 12,420,000. The number of deaths .n the same period, likewise allowing .or under-registration was 7,423,000. .’he number of persons leaving the ountry during the 6 % year period ixceeded the number coming in ny .51,000. Subtracting the number of ieaths and the net emigration frem he number of births gives an in rease of 4,746,000 between the 1930 cenaus dote and July 1, 1936. THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1936 WORKS PROGRESS ADMINISTRA TION OF MARYLAND FEDERAL WRITERS’ PROJECTS Enoch Pratt Library Building Baltimore, Md. February 10, 1936 To the Citizens of Maryland: You have doubtless seen newspaper notices of the “American Guide,” a national work relief project utilizing unemployed persons qualified in re search and writing. As part of the national project, here is being prepared a “Maryland ■ uide,” designed to contain compre lsnsive information upon all subjects nd activities relating to the State — cenic, historical, cultural, eocioiog cal, economic, points of interest, et etera. The plan is to cover ail the ounties and communities of the Jtate. It is desired to make the “Mary uid Guide” one of the best in the juntry. In addition to the services f the staff directly engaged, it will e necessary to have a widespread oluntary cooperation. Every coun y and community in the State will Rurally desire to be properly repre jnted in the Maryland Guide. As an important step in the com .lation of data for the Guide, it is esired to gather a comple.e file of sports, bulletins, year books, cata gs, periodicals, programs, leaflets, t cetera, of organizations and ac .vities of all types throughout the .ate. This refers primarily to print- J material, but also to any valuable laterial in manuscript form. An dequate history of each organization ad activity is especially requested. The organizations and activities to e covered include local governmen -1 and political agencies, churches, hcols, librar.es, museums and ther cultural institutions, welfare ad social service agencies and iusti itions, scientific, professional, busi ess, agricultural and labor organiza ,ons, civic organizations, patriotic acieties, fraternal orders, men’s and omen’s organizations, clubs of all , r pes, business and financial houses, id many other bodies. Files of newspapers and periodicals ablished in Maiyland are greatly osired; also glides, maps, anu avel literature. We shail appreciate greatly your aoperation in supplying the desired laterial pertaining to each organiza on or activity wi.h which you may e associated, now or in the past, .indly pass the word on to others nd so help us to make this the most -inpreheusive collection ever gath ,ed of all printed matter about .aryland, present and past. At the nd of the Guide project, this ma arial will be carefully preserved a. he Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore, where it will be available o all the people of the State. Very truly yours, KARL SINGEWALD, State Director, Federal Writers’ Projects. o TVE REASONS FOR AGRICUL TURAL COOPERATION L. J. Taber, Master of the National range, recently put forward the fol jwing five reasons why coopeiaiivc aarketing can do for the farmer hat no other method can accom plish. 1. It gives him a voice in the con .ol of his own affairs, ncreasmg his ense of responsibility, his vaiue as * citizen, and his independence. 2. It permits him to control qual .y cf purchases, and standaid.ze his 3. It enables him to secure the ype of merchandising, packaging ,ud distribution service that best meets his needs, as well as the needs sf the consuming public. 4. It makes it possible for him to .se the law of supply and demand to jetter prices. 5. It permits h m to own his .aarketing machinery, and keep open ais avenues cf credit, prcduc;ian and .ales. This is a great stabilizing *n luence. These are basic virtues of agricul- , .ural cooperation. They show how .ooperaiion in farm production and marketing enables farmers to achieve „ound “farm relief” through their ,wn efforts and abilities. o The acreage of wheat seeded in Maryland in the fall of 1935 for uarvest in 19/16 is estimated by the Maryland Crop Reporting Service to have been 428,000 acres, Th.s is aid to be three per cent above the j. 934 acreage of 416,000 acres but is 1 about nine per cent smaller than the hve-year average (1927-1931) of 469,000 acres. I o , Where reel or trough feeders are j used, measuring out the daily allow- ) ance cf grain and mash in equal ] proportions for the chicken flock is a ] simple matter. £ o 1 1 There are thirty Are towers in , seventeen counties in Maryland, ac- f cording to a recent issue of the ( "News Letter,” issued by the Mary- e land State Department of Forestry. 1 j ■nMMMBMMMBMieeHRB) i.■will Mills ' lll——— ■ I "fo town!' | on every job! j Says Ready Hitawait | Y‘ I—-17 Ready Kilowatt, does a fast, quiet, economical job. Let him work for you in operating any or all of the electric appliances listed below. I. E. S. Lamps. . • Beautiful new models. Semi-Indirect with 3-light intensity bulb, $10.75 cash—slightly more on budget plan, easy terms. Study bridge with 100-watt bulb at $7.95; study floor lamp, 3-light intensity bulb, at $8.95. Mazda Lamps . • Standard bulbs—l sto 60 watts—now selling at only 15c each. Keep a supply on hand! Sewing Mad: ine Free-Westinghouse Electric model with rotary mechcnism. Price—s79.so cash S2.CO down, easy monthly terms. SIO.OO allowance made by manufacturer on your old 1 machine. Take advantage of this offer! Heating Pad . . • Manning-Bowman with eiderdown cover at only $2.95. Eureka Cleaner . Famous motor-driven brush vacuum at $59.50 cash. H Slightly more on budget plan, $2.50 down ,12 months to pay. Electric Cooker • Manning-Bowman at only $6.95. Waffle grids for just $2.00 extra. This model bakes, broils, grills, fries, and toasts. SpaCo Heater . • Markel "Heetaire" at $12.50 cash, slightly more on budget plan —51.95 down, 5 months to pay. Westing house at $7.45. Both these electric heaters are portable. At Our Store, or See Your Dealer CorjowmGO Power Company l ELKTON, MARYLAND | Excerpts from A Lecture on liristian Science Entitled ristian Science: A Message of Light and Healing by Charles V. Winn, C. S. B. of Pasadena, California ’.ember ot the Board of Lectureship of The ’other Church, The First Church of Christ, Sc ! *ntlst. In Boston. MassachusetU Mankind is ever marching forward id onward. Humanity is continuously driving to overcome its boundaries nd limitations. It makes ceaseless .Torts to attain a greater degree of rogress and to gain a fuller light on ts varied problems. On page 233 of he Christian Science textbook, “Sci ence and Health with Key to the Scriptures” by Mary Baker Eddy, we Ind this most helpful truth: “Progress is the law of God.” To stand still is impossible. We are ever marching to ward the light of Truth. Christian Sci ence not only declares this eternal fact but shows us clearly why it cannot be otherwise. It teaches us exact Sci ence, an understanding of which ful fills every righteous hope, brings to fruition every honest desire, crowns every true purpose with success. Progress Through Enlightenment In the Bible we read, “The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.” All progress ; has been made through more light, ! that is, through an increased or fuller j understanding of that which is true and a greater freedom from the false and wrong. The onward urge must always be the outcome of a clearer perception of that which is true and a keener discernment of the falsity of the wrong. The light of Truth never changes divine facts; it reveals them to our uplifted gaze. God Is Truth In the Christian Science textbook (p. 312) we read this definition of Deity: “God is Truth.” We also learn in the Scriptures that God is the only creator, that He is the author and source of all that is real and actual. The Apostle John thus clearly states this fact: “All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.” Since God is infinite Truth and the only creator, j all that He creates i 3 truthful, truth- I like, and expresses divine Truth. That i which proceeds from Truth must ex press the divine character of Truth; it must abide in the light c? Truth. As we understand Ccd aright the light of Truth illumines our thinking; truthful concepts fill our consciousness; truth ful ideas are our constant comoanions. As the mist disappears before the light of the sun, so the shadows of untruth ful concepts must dissolve under the rays of Truth. A wise man of old prayed for an understanding heart J3e weU knew that as he understood FLOODS MAY FOLLOW SNOW AND BAIN IN SOUTHEAST Unusually heavy snows and rains in the southeastern part of the coun try have set the stage for serious floods. There is now enough snow in the basin of the Potomac River to bring serious trouble along its banks. It all depends on the way the snow and ice melt, according to M. W.' Hayes, of the Weather Bureau. If melting is gradual, there will be no j flooding of any consequence. A rain of 1 to 1% inches on the top of the snow and ice cover, however, is sure : to cause serious floods along the low- that which is true he would judge righteously and well. True knowledge leads to truthful thinking and truth ! ful acting. A perception of the Science | of Truth must lead in the paths of Truth; it leads in no other direction. Wc read in Proverbs, “Understanding is a wellspring of life unto him that hath it.” The light of Truth reveals that which Gcd has created; it de stroys the belief in any other creation. How True Understanding Is Gained j Since understanding is all-import- \ ant, the questions naturally arise: How is this understanding to be gained? How is this perception to be acquired? These are fair questions, and Chris tian Science readily answers them. In the Christian Science textbook (p. 272) we are told how truth is gained and becomes operative in our lives. “The spiritual sense of truth must be gained before Truth can be under stood. This sense is assimilated only as wc are honest, unselfish, loving, ar.d meek.” What an array of nob'e quali ties! The windowpane of that men tality which has been cleansed with such heavenly virtues must readily admit the rays of truth. The healing light of the “Sun cf righteousness” finds no barriers there. Most of us may think we have been on familiar terms with these qualities, honesty, unself ishness, love, and meekness, but Chris tian Science enhances them, exalting them in our thinking. The light of Truth shows us how they may be more easily attained and more readily re tained. God is the one infinite good, the I creator of that which is good, the basis of all good, the source of all good, the promoter of all good. Since He is in finite good and divine Truth, then good is all that is true, and Truth, alone, is good. Good is never untruthful, and Truth is never unlike good. If any- I thing is good, it is true; and if it is j true, it is good. All things were made | by Him, Truth, and Truth could not | and would not make anything untruth ! ful or lacking in truth. Truth must | express itself truthfully in all that it does. Good i 3 Truth, and Truth is good, and nothing can change this eternal fact. We are thinking honestly, truthfully, when we arc thinking along this line or in accordance with divine facts. As we are thinking in accord- I ance with truth and good, the light of Truth comes in, the darkness of false I belief goes out. Many have had the experience of striving unsuccessfully to solve a problem, when suddenly the solution would appear. What hap pened? The true facts became appar ent: the darkness of ignorance and misconception were dispelled. Our thinking had been aligned with that which was right; we had been think ing honestly and correctly, thus bring ing about a correct solution. True Honesty God is infinite Truth. All true ideas emanate from Truth; hence there is a right or true idea about things. We never stop thinking; we are always entertaining some thought or concept. Since we are always engaged in some form of thinking, it is evident that the only true way is to keep our windows open to the light of Truth, that God’s ideas may flood our consciousness s chat we may have true concepts. 1 takes no more effort to think hon: t than dishonestly; to entertain a t\\\ idea, than a false concept. I er banks of the river. There are now, Mr. Hayes says, from 5 to 35 inches of snow over the watershed of the Potcpiac. The average cover Is from 12 to 15 inches, only one place —Frostburg, Md.—having 35 in ches. At Great Falls just above Washington, D. C., there is only a narrow channel open. In the rest of the normal channel ice is piled 10 to 20 feet deep. j Already there are floods in the Alabama river and its tributaries, in the Tombigbee and Black Warrior ! rivers in southern Alabama and also in tb Pascagoula rivsr and ita trlbtt- COME TO US FOB POINTING Sells Goods '■i ATS ■nice, roiiehe* nnd beetles—that’s RAT tIAP, the old reliable rodent destroy er. Conies in cakes. They eat It without any bait. Doesn't matter hove ■inch other kinds of food is around, til lily it Ist, 4th, and 7th day nnd eut .■ich cake in SO pieces, place it where he vermin is seen to run. 25c size—l cake—enough for Pantry, Kitchen or Cellar. 35c size—2 cakes —for Chicken House, ■oops, or small buildings. 75c size—s cakes—enough for all farm and out-buildings, storage build ngs, or factory buildings. R. M. Dempsey, Limestone, N. Y., "Rat-Snap certainly does the work. It was well worth SIO.OO to get •id of the Rats and Alice in my own ;ouse.” Sold by Ashby's Drug Store Jos. S. Pogue, Sons & Co. Rising Sun. Md. HOBBIES Beginning February 21 a weekly rtieles on hobbies of the peninsula jeople will appear in this paper, .ha Midland Journal is especially in erested in young people and the Iditor feels that youthful as well as he adult readers will find pleasure nd profit in reading this column. Few men have studied and under .and youth as does Mr. Max Chant ers. He is well known for his ac .vities in the v avocation field and his nterest in youth problems. For a number of years he taught at Fed eralsburg High School but now is directing the National Youth Admin istration work on the Eastern Shore. The Editor recommends this column for you and your ch ldren and sug gests that if you have chi.d problems, you communicate with Mr. Cham bers through this paper cr at Eas ton, Maryland. Watch for column title contest next week. A fine Parker Challenger Junior Pen and Pencil Set or the equivalent awarded to person send ing name adopted. Next week: Hobby Riding. q A man may be a|l his life hndipg out what kind cf pastime he likea best: never very sure of any. taries in southern Mississippi. Some of the rivers in Georgia and the Caro linas are in moderate flood stage be cause of heavy rains. The Mississippi river, though in no immediate danger of flooding, is clog ged with ice below Cairo—farther south than usual.