%——— ■■■ ' '
THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING BY
-NT o BROS
RISING SUN CECIL COUNTY MARYLAND
Entered as Second Class Matter at Post Office In Rising Sun, Maryland
Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879
INDEPENDENT IN POLITICS AND ALL OTHER SUBJECTS
TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION
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SINGLE COPY, 3 CENTS
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r Foreign Advertising Representative
THL AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION | |
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 193 G
YOUR INCOME TAX
The period for the filing of income
tax returns covering the calentiai
year 1935 begins Jan. 1 and ends a,
midnight of March 16. March 15,
the usual close of the filing penoa,
this year falls on Sunday, allowing
taxpayers an additional day of grace,
which, however, it will be to then
Interest to disregard. To file earl.,
is of mutual benefit to the Govern
ment and the taxpayer. Within thi_
period are filed annually millions o.
individual income-tax returns, u
large proportion of which report in
come subject to the tax. The latte,
contain a considerable percentage o.
errors, which is uucorrected by th
audit would result to the disadvani
age of the taxpayer. Many aiv
errors of computation easily discov
ered on the face of the return, whiti,
usually is accompanied by a paymeu
of more than the amount of tax unp
in other returns it is readily dis
cernibie that the taxpayer has tailed
to take advantage of the person.,
exemption, credit allowed for dt
pendents, or deductions-trom grcs
income to which he is entitled.
To avoid these and oilier errors
the Bureau of Internal Kevenu.
urges careful reading of the insirui
tions on the form for filing the rc
turns. Additional information, i
needed, may be obtained at the ofik
of a collector of internal revenut
deputy collector, or an interna
revenue agent in charge.
Don’t prepare your return withou
first studying the instructions on th.
Don’t procrastinate. Early assem
blying of data permits a caretui con
sideration of all tax problems.
Don’t destroy the memorand.
from which your return was pie
Don’t omit explanation when sucl.
information is essential to an miei
ligent audit. Attach memoranda a
ACCIDENTS ON FARMS
A campaign to reduce accidents ti
farmers and laborers in conducing
farm operations is proposed by Di
T. B. Symons, director of the exten
sion service. He points out thu
farming is a rather hazardous ocou
patlon and that most peopie do no
fully realize the toll of unnecessaij
It Is his suggestion that a survey
be made of the accidents which occu.
during a given period, the lunda
mental causes and a year-arouin.
safety program to be put inio effee.
throughout the state.
Such a campaign, Dr. Symons be
lieves, Is in line with the efforts thu
are being made to reduce accident.,
by automobiles, and it is his iutj.
that the Extension Service and UK
farm organizations should take th.
lead in carrying it out.
Business Week recently announce.,
that the electric power systems of ih
country plan capital expenditures c.
about 1370,000,000 during 193 c.
This money is going into plant ex
panaion and betterment. It will b.
used to bring the benefits of powei
to more homes and farms and tc
make service more economical an,
efficient. Some bus.ness experts have
forecast that the industry may in
crease the budget before the year i.
over, even though the program now
planned represents a 56 per cent iu
crease in spending over 1935.
Why is the power industry spend
la* this money? Because nations,
power consumption touched an ali
tlme high record near the end of las.
year and will normally increase.
Surplus plant capacity must always
be developed to keep well ahead oi
President Roosevelt estimated of
ficially for the first time Friday that
the new farm program would cos,
.about $500,000,000 annually, and
the tax bill necessary to cover thiL
aum will be submitted to Congress
In the city la where a fire seldom
-destroys as much of the building as
you think it is f oing to.
I f oreign Ariv. r ’‘ Reprt*spniarivp
| Tl it. \ MERIC AN r RI'.SS A-SSOCIA'i ION
GOLDSBOROUGH OFFERS WA\
TO AVOID INFLATION
Washington, Feb. 6 (AP). —Rep
.eseutauve T. Alan Gomsboroug..
,bem., Md.) proposed a soldiers
jonus financing plan to the Hous
oday which he said would not re
,uire additional taxation or the issu
.lice of flat money.
He introduced a bill providing
uat all earnings of Federal Reservi
,anks over and above six per cent
hall be paid to the Federal Govern
.lent in franchise tax, and giving the
ederal Reserve Hoard absolute cor.
rol over the reserve requirements o
Gcldsborough said the Govern
.lent, under lus bill, could sell bouu
3 the Federal Reserve Banks to pa.,
he bonus and receive the sami
mount back from the banks as u
He added there would be no dau
er of inflation because the reserve
£ member banks could be raised b.
,ie Federal Reserve Beard to an.
,oint necessary to prevent an in
aticnary extension of credit b
Discuss.ng his bill before thi
.ouse, Goldsborough said “you can
dve inflation until your produetio.
as reached one hundred per cent, o
,s possibilities. After you hav,
eaclied the limit of buying powe,
ud the country has produced all l
an produce and is still issuin,
aoney, then and then only can ye.
t'HEN THE MERCURY DROPS
Strange as it may sound —th,
-lder it gets, the hotter the firems..
ad insurance adjusters become
aat heat, ot course, is uot caused
ae weather; it is brought about b,
Statistics compiled by The Na
.onal Board of Fire Underwriter
uveal that severe winter wea.he
..uses an epidemic of fires. It is no.
ilncult to see why this is so. in ae
aort to be comfortable, people force
aeir furnaces to the limit and als,
oe makeshift heating agencies,
nder these conditions, it is naiura,
_,r more fires to break out and the,
.eans mere work for the fire depart
ments and more losses tor the insui
ace companies to adjust. Heaci
..ere is an extra amount of work 101
,1 who handle the reports and otne.
matters incident to the claims.
If you don’t want your bouse to be
ame so hot that you have to pan.
atside, you should exercise the ui
aost care in operating your beating
,iant—especially when the mercury
rops to lew temperatures. Far bei
ar to take more time for increasing
ae heat in the house, man 10 suu-i
. destructive fire from an overhea,eu
.ove or chimney! “Forcing” a
arnace is definitely dangerous.
A little time spent inspecting a 1
.eating plant is a good step, too.
f, for any reason, you do not fee.
aat absolute safety is assured, you
/ill do well to call in a heating ex
.ert and follow his advice.
•OPULATION OF U. S. GIVEN AS
The 1935 population of the United
,tates is officially estimated by the
.ensus Bureau at 127,521,000.
The official count is taken as ot
he middie of the year—July 1. The
iew figures represented a gain oi
J. 71 per cent from 1934, and of 4
,er cent from 1930 when the las,
.ctual census was taken.
“If the increase should be con
inued at this rate until the end of
he decade,” the bureau said, “the
.lation’s population in 1940 would be
The total births between April 1,
1930 and July 1, 1935, including an
illowance for under-registration, was
12,420,000. The number of deaths
.n the same period, likewise allowing
.or under-registration was 7,423,000.
.’he number of persons leaving the
ountry during the 6 % year period
ixceeded the number coming in ny
.51,000. Subtracting the number of
ieaths and the net emigration frem
he number of births gives an in
rease of 4,746,000 between the 1930
cenaus dote and July 1, 1936.
THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1936
WORKS PROGRESS ADMINISTRA
TION OF MARYLAND
FEDERAL WRITERS’ PROJECTS
Enoch Pratt Library Building
February 10, 1936
To the Citizens of Maryland:
You have doubtless seen newspaper
notices of the “American Guide,” a
national work relief project utilizing
unemployed persons qualified in re
search and writing.
As part of the national project,
here is being prepared a “Maryland
■ uide,” designed to contain compre
lsnsive information upon all subjects
nd activities relating to the State —
cenic, historical, cultural, eocioiog
cal, economic, points of interest, et
etera. The plan is to cover ail the
ounties and communities of the
It is desired to make the “Mary
uid Guide” one of the best in the
juntry. In addition to the services
f the staff directly engaged, it will
e necessary to have a widespread
oluntary cooperation. Every coun
y and community in the State will
Rurally desire to be properly repre
jnted in the Maryland Guide.
As an important step in the com
.lation of data for the Guide, it is
esired to gather a comple.e file of
sports, bulletins, year books, cata
gs, periodicals, programs, leaflets,
t cetera, of organizations and ac
.vities of all types throughout the
.ate. This refers primarily to print-
J material, but also to any valuable
laterial in manuscript form. An
dequate history of each organization
ad activity is especially requested.
The organizations and activities to
e covered include local governmen
-1 and political agencies, churches,
hcols, librar.es, museums and
ther cultural institutions, welfare
ad social service agencies and iusti
itions, scientific, professional, busi
ess, agricultural and labor organiza
,ons, civic organizations, patriotic
acieties, fraternal orders, men’s and
omen’s organizations, clubs of all
, r pes, business and financial houses,
id many other bodies.
Files of newspapers and periodicals
ablished in Maiyland are greatly
osired; also glides, maps, anu
We shail appreciate greatly your
aoperation in supplying the desired
laterial pertaining to each organiza
on or activity wi.h which you may
e associated, now or in the past,
.indly pass the word on to others
nd so help us to make this the most
-inpreheusive collection ever gath
,ed of all printed matter about
.aryland, present and past. At the
nd of the Guide project, this ma
arial will be carefully preserved a.
he Enoch Pratt Free Library in
Baltimore, where it will be available
o all the people of the State.
Very truly yours,
State Director, Federal
TVE REASONS FOR AGRICUL
L. J. Taber, Master of the National
range, recently put forward the fol
jwing five reasons why coopeiaiivc
aarketing can do for the farmer
hat no other method can accom
1. It gives him a voice in the con
.ol of his own affairs, ncreasmg his
ense of responsibility, his vaiue as
* citizen, and his independence.
2. It permits him to control qual
.y cf purchases, and standaid.ze his
3. It enables him to secure the
ype of merchandising, packaging
,ud distribution service that best
meets his needs, as well as the needs
sf the consuming public.
4. It makes it possible for him to
.se the law of supply and demand to
5. It permits h m to own his
.aarketing machinery, and keep open
ais avenues cf credit, prcduc;ian and
.ales. This is a great stabilizing *n
These are basic virtues of agricul- ,
.ural cooperation. They show how
.ooperaiion in farm production and
marketing enables farmers to achieve
„ound “farm relief” through their
,wn efforts and abilities.
The acreage of wheat seeded in
Maryland in the fall of 1935 for
uarvest in 19/16 is estimated by the
Maryland Crop Reporting Service to
have been 428,000 acres, Th.s is
aid to be three per cent above the
j. 934 acreage of 416,000 acres but is 1
about nine per cent smaller than the
hve-year average (1927-1931) of
469,000 acres. I
Where reel or trough feeders are j
used, measuring out the daily allow- )
ance cf grain and mash in equal ]
proportions for the chicken flock is a ]
simple matter. £
o 1 1
There are thirty Are towers in ,
seventeen counties in Maryland, ac- f
cording to a recent issue of the (
"News Letter,” issued by the Mary- e
land State Department of Forestry. 1 j
■nMMMBMMMBMieeHRB) i.■will Mills ' lll——— ■
I "fo town!' |
on every job! j
Says Ready Hitawait |
Y‘ I—-17 Ready Kilowatt, does a fast, quiet, economical job.
Let him work for you in operating any or all of
the electric appliances listed below.
I. E. S. Lamps. . • Beautiful new models. Semi-Indirect with 3-light intensity
bulb, $10.75 cash—slightly more on budget plan, easy
terms. Study bridge with 100-watt bulb at $7.95; study
floor lamp, 3-light intensity bulb, at $8.95.
Mazda Lamps . • Standard bulbs—l sto 60 watts—now selling at only 15c
each. Keep a supply on hand!
Sewing Mad: ine Free-Westinghouse Electric model with rotary mechcnism.
Price—s79.so cash S2.CO down, easy monthly terms.
SIO.OO allowance made by manufacturer on your old 1
machine. Take advantage of this offer!
Heating Pad . . • Manning-Bowman with eiderdown cover at only $2.95.
Eureka Cleaner . Famous motor-driven brush vacuum at $59.50 cash. H
Slightly more on budget plan, $2.50 down ,12 months to pay.
Electric Cooker • Manning-Bowman at only $6.95. Waffle grids for just $2.00
extra. This model bakes, broils, grills, fries, and toasts.
SpaCo Heater . • Markel "Heetaire" at $12.50 cash, slightly more on
budget plan —51.95 down, 5 months to pay. Westing
house at $7.45. Both these electric heaters are portable.
At Our Store, or See Your Dealer
CorjowmGO Power Company l
ELKTON, MARYLAND |
ristian Science: A Message
of Light and Healing
Charles V. Winn, C. S. B.
of Pasadena, California
’.ember ot the Board of Lectureship of The
’other Church, The First Church of Christ,
Sc ! *ntlst. In Boston. MassachusetU
Mankind is ever marching forward
id onward. Humanity is continuously
driving to overcome its boundaries
nd limitations. It makes ceaseless
.Torts to attain a greater degree of
rogress and to gain a fuller light on
ts varied problems. On page 233 of
he Christian Science textbook, “Sci
ence and Health with Key to the
Scriptures” by Mary Baker Eddy, we
Ind this most helpful truth: “Progress
is the law of God.” To stand still is
impossible. We are ever marching to
ward the light of Truth. Christian Sci
ence not only declares this eternal
fact but shows us clearly why it cannot
be otherwise. It teaches us exact Sci
ence, an understanding of which ful
fills every righteous hope, brings to
fruition every honest desire, crowns
every true purpose with success.
Progress Through Enlightenment
In the Bible we read, “The people
that walked in darkness have seen a
great light: they that dwell in the land
of the shadow of death, upon them
hath the light shined.” All progress ;
has been made through more light, !
that is, through an increased or fuller j
understanding of that which is true
and a greater freedom from the false
and wrong. The onward urge must
always be the outcome of a clearer
perception of that which is true and
a keener discernment of the falsity of
the wrong. The light of Truth never
changes divine facts; it reveals them
to our uplifted gaze.
God Is Truth
In the Christian Science textbook
(p. 312) we read this definition of
Deity: “God is Truth.” We also learn
in the Scriptures that God is the only
creator, that He is the author and
source of all that is real and actual.
The Apostle John thus clearly states
this fact: “All things were made by
him; and without him was not any
thing made that was made.” Since God
is infinite Truth and the only creator, j
all that He creates i 3 truthful, truth- I
like, and expresses divine Truth. That i
which proceeds from Truth must ex
press the divine character of Truth;
it must abide in the light c? Truth. As
we understand Ccd aright the light of
Truth illumines our thinking; truthful
concepts fill our consciousness; truth
ful ideas are our constant comoanions.
As the mist disappears before the light
of the sun, so the shadows of untruth
ful concepts must dissolve under the
rays of Truth. A wise man of old
prayed for an understanding heart
J3e weU knew that as he understood
FLOODS MAY FOLLOW SNOW
AND BAIN IN SOUTHEAST
Unusually heavy snows and rains
in the southeastern part of the coun
try have set the stage for serious
floods. There is now enough snow
in the basin of the Potomac River to
bring serious trouble along its banks.
It all depends on the way the snow
and ice melt, according to M. W.'
Hayes, of the Weather Bureau. If
melting is gradual, there will be no j
flooding of any consequence. A rain
of 1 to 1% inches on the top of the
snow and ice cover, however, is sure :
to cause serious floods along the low-
that which is true he would judge
righteously and well. True knowledge
leads to truthful thinking and truth
! ful acting. A perception of the Science
| of Truth must lead in the paths of
Truth; it leads in no other direction.
Wc read in Proverbs, “Understanding
is a wellspring of life unto him that
hath it.” The light of Truth reveals
that which Gcd has created; it de
stroys the belief in any other creation.
How True Understanding Is Gained j
Since understanding is all-import- \
ant, the questions naturally arise: How
is this understanding to be gained?
How is this perception to be acquired?
These are fair questions, and Chris
tian Science readily answers them. In
the Christian Science textbook (p.
272) we are told how truth is gained
and becomes operative in our lives.
“The spiritual sense of truth must be
gained before Truth can be under
stood. This sense is assimilated only
as wc are honest, unselfish, loving, ar.d
meek.” What an array of nob'e quali
ties! The windowpane of that men
tality which has been cleansed with
such heavenly virtues must readily
admit the rays of truth. The healing
light of the “Sun cf righteousness”
finds no barriers there. Most of us may
think we have been on familiar terms
with these qualities, honesty, unself
ishness, love, and meekness, but Chris
tian Science enhances them, exalting
them in our thinking. The light of
Truth shows us how they may be more
easily attained and more readily re
tained. God is the one infinite good, the I
creator of that which is good, the basis
of all good, the source of all good, the
promoter of all good. Since He is in
finite good and divine Truth, then good
is all that is true, and Truth, alone, is
good. Good is never untruthful, and
Truth is never unlike good. If any-
I thing is good, it is true; and if it is
j true, it is good. All things were made
| by Him, Truth, and Truth could not
| and would not make anything untruth
! ful or lacking in truth. Truth must
| express itself truthfully in all that
it does. Good i 3 Truth, and Truth is
good, and nothing can change this
eternal fact. We are thinking honestly,
truthfully, when we arc thinking along
this line or in accordance with divine
facts. As we are thinking in accord-
I ance with truth and good, the light of
Truth comes in, the darkness of false
I belief goes out. Many have had the
experience of striving unsuccessfully
to solve a problem, when suddenly the
solution would appear. What hap
pened? The true facts became appar
ent: the darkness of ignorance and
misconception were dispelled. Our
thinking had been aligned with that
which was right; we had been think
ing honestly and correctly, thus bring
ing about a correct solution.
God is infinite Truth. All true ideas
emanate from Truth; hence there is a
right or true idea about things. We
never stop thinking; we are always
entertaining some thought or concept.
Since we are always engaged in some
form of thinking, it is evident that the
only true way is to keep our windows
open to the light of Truth, that God’s
ideas may flood our consciousness s
chat we may have true concepts. 1
takes no more effort to think hon: t
than dishonestly; to entertain a t\\\
idea, than a false concept.
er banks of the river. There are
now, Mr. Hayes says, from 5 to 35
inches of snow over the watershed of
the Potcpiac. The average cover Is
from 12 to 15 inches, only one place
—Frostburg, Md.—having 35 in
ches. At Great Falls just above
Washington, D. C., there is only a
narrow channel open. In the rest
of the normal channel ice is piled 10
to 20 feet deep.
j Already there are floods in the
Alabama river and its tributaries, in
the Tombigbee and Black Warrior
! rivers in southern Alabama and also
in tb Pascagoula rivsr and ita trlbtt-
COME TO US FOB
Sells Goods '■i
■nice, roiiehe* nnd beetles—that’s RAT
tIAP, the old reliable rodent destroy
er. Conies in cakes. They eat It
without any bait. Doesn't matter hove
■inch other kinds of food is around,
til lily it Ist, 4th, and 7th day nnd eut
.■ich cake in SO pieces, place it where
he vermin is seen to run.
25c size—l cake—enough for Pantry,
Kitchen or Cellar.
35c size—2 cakes —for Chicken House,
■oops, or small buildings.
75c size—s cakes—enough for all
farm and out-buildings, storage build
ngs, or factory buildings.
R. M. Dempsey, Limestone, N. Y.,
"Rat-Snap certainly does the
work. It was well worth SIO.OO to get
•id of the Rats and Alice in my own
Ashby's Drug Store
Jos. S. Pogue, Sons & Co.
Rising Sun. Md.
Beginning February 21 a weekly
rtieles on hobbies of the peninsula
jeople will appear in this paper,
.ha Midland Journal is especially in
erested in young people and the
Iditor feels that youthful as well as
he adult readers will find pleasure
nd profit in reading this column.
Few men have studied and under
.and youth as does Mr. Max Chant
ers. He is well known for his ac
.vities in the v avocation field and his
nterest in youth problems. For a
number of years he taught at Fed
eralsburg High School but now is
directing the National Youth Admin
istration work on the Eastern Shore.
The Editor recommends this column
for you and your ch ldren and sug
gests that if you have chi.d problems,
you communicate with Mr. Cham
bers through this paper cr at Eas
Watch for column title contest
next week. A fine Parker Challenger
Junior Pen and Pencil Set or the
equivalent awarded to person send
ing name adopted.
Next week: Hobby Riding.
A man may be a|l his life hndipg
out what kind cf pastime he likea
best: never very sure of any.
taries in southern Mississippi. Some
of the rivers in Georgia and the Caro
linas are in moderate flood stage be
cause of heavy rains.
The Mississippi river, though in no
immediate danger of flooding, is clog
ged with ice below Cairo—farther
south than usual.
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