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By Edward W. Pickard
=saaEßaßSßHßßßß^S x=s=a3S^BJsissxssisaßnßKaaiai Decline in Relief Rolls Predicted by Hopkins TN HIS first press conference since *■ the Presidential election Harry L. Hopkins, works progress admin istrator, asserted his belief that re lief rolls this winter would be at the low- ■ est point since the start of the depres- Bf 1 He estimated that p 'ffijfL,. 3,750,000 families R , and single persons J . . would be receiving federal and local j. .• aid January 1, 1937, Hpi|Sp|fl compared to a peak 0t s'3l®'°i)o 5 ' 31 ®'°i )0 in Jan ' H.L.Hopkins uary, 1935. r “I think,” Hopkins said confi dently, “that we will go into Jan uary of this year caring for 1,000,- 000 less cases than a year ago and a reduction of about 1,500,000 from 1935.” The administrator’s attention was called to the fact that latest figures showed that 3,498,012 persons were employed the first two weeks of Oc tober, an increase of 29,020 over the preceding half month. He explained this by pointing out that the drouth in the Midwest added 32,831 desti tute farmers to his WPA project list. Steel Workers Ask for Legislation C'IRST of the big groups that aid " ed in the re-election of Presi dent Roosevelt to call on him for their reward, the steel workers have asked that the Chief Executive recommend to the next congress the passage of legislation outlawing company unions and forbidding co ercion of workers by employers. George A. Patterson and Elmer J. Malol, employee representatives of the Carnegie-Illinois Steel com pany, carried this request to the White House. The Carnegie - Illinois company has offered employees a 10 per cent wage increase on condition that workers sign an agreement to per mit adjustment of wages to the cost of living. At his press conference President Roosevelt said living costs should not be permitted to op erate to curb wage increases. Fur thermore, Secretary of Labor Per kins ruled informally that the em ployee representatives had no au thority to sign such an agreement for their fellow employees. Labor Board Dissolves Harvester Council Plan EMPLOYER corporations were hit by a ruling of the National Labor Relations board ordering the dissolution of the “industrial coun cil plan” of the International Har vester company at the plant in Fort Wayne, Ind. While the ruling dealt only with the Indiana plant, the board point ed out that the same plan also ex ists in the other 14 Harvester plants in the United States and Canada. It sets a precedent also for future de cisions in regard to similar plans in other manufacturing plants throughout the country. The industrial council of the Har vester company is an illegal labor organization under the terms of the National Labor Relations act, the board ruled. Under it the employees possess “only the shadow, not the substance, of collective bargaining,” according to the decision. Numer ous benefits conferred on the em ployees under the plan are admitted but the board says most of them “are granted in the form of pater nalism.” A. F. of L. Council’s Report on Social Security Act WHEN the American Federa tion of Labor’s annual con vention opened in Tampa it had be fore it the report of the executive council dealing with, among many other topics, the social security act. The report heartily approved of a federal social security program and urged adoption of state laws that would give labor the greatest pos sible benefit from the federal stat ute. If the federal law is unconsti tutional, the council said, “it is clear that its provisions must be changed or that sanction must be afforded to them through an amendment to the constitution.” The council questioned the wis dom of obtaining the necessary funds through a payroll tax “which to a great extent is to be paid di rectly or indirectly by the workers involved” and suggested that con gress repeal this feature of the law as soon as it convenes. In discussing unemployment since NRA’s end, the council said: “The shorter work week and the six hour day furnish the real solu tion to the insistent problem of un employment. It is the responsibility that private industry must accept in order to give the necessary balance to economic expansion.” The council reported a member ship of 3,422,398 on August 31—the greatest since 1921. The council dismissed John L. Lewis’ epochal rebellion with a de tailed factual account of its prog ress during the last year. “Appro priate action” was suggested. George L. Berry, national co-or dinator for industrial recovery and president of the Printing Press men’s union, proposed that the con troversy with Lewis and his C. I. O. group be ended by arbitration, but this was rejected by President Green and other federation leaders. John P. Frey lost no time in intro ducing his resolution for expulsion of the rebel unions with their mem bership of over a million. President Starts on His Ocean Cruise PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT went * by train to Charleston, S. C., to board the cruiser Indianapolis for a jaunt in southern waters. He said he was not certain where the ship would take him, but in Washington it was assumed that he would pro ceed at once for Buenos Aires to attend the opening of the Pan-Amer ican peace conference on Decem ber 1. In that case he will make stops at Port of Spain, Rio de Jan eiro and Montevideo, and will not return before December 15. If his plans are changed, he will merely spend two or three weeks fishing in the Caribbean. At his last press conference be fore departing the President said he had about completed drafting the 1937 budget. He said also that he had outlined to his subordinates the things he wants done during his absence, these including: Drafting of a farm tenancy law to end evils attending the system of share-cropping and farm tenancy, now chiefly prevalent in the South. Clarifying amendments to the so cial security act. Amendments to the Tennessee Valley Authority act, permitting broader social and economic im provement of the regions served by the TVA’s huge power projects. Year’s Breathing Spell Likely for Farmers SECRETARY of Agriculture Wal lace in an interview intimates that for a year there may be no new legislation for crop control along the lines of the outlawed AAA, ■ J .. . for farmers would like to have one r really good crop without forced cur tailment. But he added: “We will need some legisla- i tion eventually un less the weather world demand for our products great- Sec# Wallace ly improves.” Wallace was asked whether the lack of a control plan might not result in another surplus, leaving the administration up in the air without any machinery to cope with it. He said he could not estimate a surplus ahead of time and that he would rather wait to see what would happen. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., to Marry Ethel du Pont THE engagement of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., third son of President and Mrs. Roosevelt, to Miss Ethel du Pont of Wilmington, Del., was announced by the young lady’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Eu gene du Pont. There had been ru mors of this romance for months, but announcement was delayed un til after the election. The wedding will be in June after Mr. Roose velt’s graduation from Harvard, and will be a quiet affair. Miss du Pont’s father is a member of the board of directors of the E. I. du Pont de Nemours company. She is a niece of Lammot du Pont, presi dent of the company; of Pierre S. du Pont, chairman of the board, and of Irenee du Pont, another director of the board. She was presented to society on June 27 last. Loyalists Defend Madrid With Desperation T OYALIST defenders of Madrid, ■*-' reinforced by troops from the southeast and apparently supplied with airplanes and tanks from Rus sia, put up unexpected resistance to the furious attacks of the Fascists, delaying the capture of the capital. The insurgents sent many planes to rain bombs on the city and there were dramatic bat tles in the sir as well as on land. The attackers at one time smashed the defending lines at the Los Franceses bridge and forced their way across the Manzanares river and into the northwest quarter of Madrid, but probably retired, for the loyalists dynamited the bridge and captured several rebel tanks. The new supreme defense council in the capital, taking charge when the president and other government officials fled to Valencia, was re ported to be functioning smoothly and was confident of ultimate vic tory over the rebels, even if Madrid were lost to them. MIDLAND JOURNAL, RISING SUN, MD. Clark Howell, Eminent Editor, Is Dead CLARK HOWELL, editor and president of the Atlanta Consti tution and one of the best known journalists in the United States, died at his home in Atlanta at the age of seventy-three after a long illness. He was one of the original directors of the Associated Press. He was elected to the position at the time of its incorporation in 1900 and held it at the time of his death. Always active in state and na tional politics, Mr. Howell was a pioneer in the formation of “Roose velt for President” clubs. He was offered his choice of several dip lomatic posts in 1933 but declined, saying he felt he could better serve the President and the nation as publisher of the Constitution. He was at various times a member of temporary national commissions, but in the main devoted his time to his journalistic labors. A few years ago the Constitution won the Pulitzer prize for “meritorious serv ice” in exposing political conditions in Atlanta. Secretary Roper Plans Census of Jobless "\J OW that the election is over, Secretary of Commerce Roper is laying plans for the complete census of the unemployed in the United States which has so long been called for. He said fjj/BSkl, he would ask con- jjgTp '< ''l gress to appropriate between 13 and 15 million dollars for im , , j this count and that it would require the l|b services of about 25,000 persons who would be given spe- W ■ cial training for ■ several months. Sec. Roper “The census would not only take up an enumeration of those classified as unemployed,” said Roper, “but we want to find out which trades or industries the un employed* would fall into. We would also like to help the states in clas sifying the unemployed from the un employable. “There are many economic ques tions involved. Some families have enough income to support them, but one or more members may be out of work. We want to obtain information on this phase.” Government Buys 9 Million Acres of Poor Farm Land T> EXFORD G. TUGWELL, Re settlement administrator, an nounced that the government had acquired more than nine million acres of land considered unsuitable for crop production, and he added that ’it should buy ten times as much. The Resettlement admin istration is committed to pay $39,- 916,603 for the land, under option in 210 different projects in 44 states at an average price of $4.40 an acre. These acres, Tugwell said, “could not support human subsistence” when used as they have been, and so were being restored to grazing, forestry, recreation, and other use for which they were naturally fitted. Tugwell reported 5,476 families still residing on the tracts “will need aid in resettling.” More than 2,000 families already have been moved, it was disclosed, and many others found new homes without aid. Hitler Scraps Another Treaty Clause A DOLF HITLER has tom up an other clause of the Versailles treaty—the one that international ized the German rivers and canals. He has announced that the reich has resumed sovereignty over all such waters. The treaty clause was de signed partly to give Czecho slovakia free access to the sea, and that nation now has agreed with Belgium to protest formally against Germany’s action. British Foreign Minister Eden rather mildly criti cized Hitler’s course. Belgium Asks Specific Pledge From League WITH embarrassing directness, Belgium has demanded that the League of Nations be specific on what help an attacked member nation “could count on.” In a note, she demanded clarification of the league covenant, particularly the article applying to sanctions against an aggressor. Efforts to prevent war should be emphasized by the league, Belgium said, and mea sures against countries which en danger peace should be improved upon. In a recent speech to parliament, intended to clarify a previous address by King Leopold, Foreign Minister Spaak said his country would assure both Germany and France that Belgium never would become the jumping off place for an attack on the territory of either power. San Francisco’s Bridge Formally Opened O AN FRANCISCO’S dream of 30 years was realized when the great bridge across the bay of Oak land was formally opened with elab orate ceremony. This largest vehic ular bridge in the world has been under construction since July 19, 1933, at a cost of $77,000,000, the funds being largely supplied by the Reconstruction Finance corporation. It is eight and a quarter miles long and, except for a tunnel passage through Yerba Buena island, is en tirely over water. Lovely and Inexpensive AMONG other things to h be thankful for in this /;! land of peace and plenty, | =[| think how pleasant it is to be able to procure such lovely patterns so conven iently and so inexpensive ly. No longer is style the iqc perquisite of wealth alone; every woman can look and be at her best in any com pany, thanks to Sewing Circle patterns. Pattern 1981, a youthful loung ing or sleeping pajama, features a nobby, cutaway peplum and comfortably cut trousers. There is an easy yoke, a cleverly cut collar, and a choice of long or short sleeves. Why not make them twice in alternate mate rials? The size range, 14, 16, 18, 20, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40 and 42. Size 16 (34 bust) requires 5 yards of 39 inch material. Pattern 1852 fashions into an adorable little frock which will make small eyes dance and sparkle. Just eight pieces to the pattern, including the band and facings, you can run it up in a jiffy and have a perfect gift for your baby daughter or favorite niece. As simple as can be, it is nevertheless pert and engaging, truly a prize. Send for it in size 2,4, 6, or 8 years. Material se lection—dimity or swiss or voile or crepe or gingham. Size 4 re quires just 2 1-8 yds. of 35 or 39 inch. Pattern 1970 is a comely and graceful morning or daytime frock for matron sizes, the sort that goes on in a hurry and wears well without a lot of fuss and both er. The jabot is softly feminine and the panelled skirt is cut along lines every larger woman appre ciates. The collar and cuffs are in contrast, if you wish, and the selection of materials is practical ly unlimited. This lovely pattern is available in all of the following sizes—36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, and 52. Size 40 requires 4 3-8 yards of 35 or 39 inch fabric plus 3-4 yd. contrast. Send for the Barbara Bell Fall Pattern Book containing 100 well planned, easy-to-make patterns. I FROM COAST-TO - COAST ...WOMEN PREFER THESE I FINER FLAVORED 30UP3 0| Please the menfolks in your family with this “different” kind of vegetable soup from the “Heart of Maryland.” The land of grand old Dixie recipes and wonderful Southern cooking! Phillips Delicious South ern Vegetable Soup is winning the country. , *a It’s chock-full of vegetables picked fresh ■ • 'Pilapiill from sunny Maryland gardens! It’s savory B -'' - , with the just-right cooking and seasoning that Maryland cooks know how to give! mr££m Get Phillips Delicious Vegetable Soup from your agj grocer tomorrow morning. Serve it for dinner see your husband’s smile of pleasure hear him say, somMH/ VEGETABLE-AND 15 OTHER DELICIOUS KINDSI iiL JeM- \fftj mrT I I Exclusive fashions for children, young women, and matrons. Send fifteen cents in coins for your copy. Send your order to The Sewing Circle Pattern Dept., 247 W. Forty-third St., New York, N. Y. Price of patterns, 15 cents (in coins) each. © Bell Syndicate.—WNU Service. V A. TE 8 FAM OUS SOUTHERN BAR r 17 A || (Wine* and Spirits at Popular Prices) V f 1 7 V.V.tfi) PRIVATE DINING ROOMS r r 17 ✓ • OPEN AIR ROOF GARDEN f 1 7 VI X £ UNUSUAL SAMPLE ROOMS f 17 . 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