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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
nnuniD >tut Friday horning bt EWIN3 BEOS. pawn gun CECIL COUNTY MARYLAND MtaMt M gacond Cl&ia Matter at Post Office In Rising Sun, Maryland Under Act of Congress of March I, 187 " INDEPENDENT IN POLITICS AND ALL OTHER SUBJECTS TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION ONI TEAR. IN ADVANCE ... |M SIX MONTHS .... - 11-M THREE MONTHS - AS SINGLE COPT, S CENTS ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION 1 |l FRIDAY, JANUARY 7, 1938 WAR REFERENDUM BEFORE CONGRESS The Ludlow Wax Referendum, which would require a popular vote of the people beiore this country en tered a war, will probaby be before the House on January 10th. When the debate opens, the question will be on the consideration of tne bill. A majority vote is necessary to ap prove consideration- If a majority vote is secured, debate will then center on the resolution itself, which requires a two-thirds vote for adop tion. In spite of the widespread op position atuck bn the resolution, supporters of the war referendum have not given up hope of its pass age. Chances for enactment are seen as improving following the settlement of the Panay incident. Now, it is feit, there will be an opportunity to con sider the question without having the war atmosphere, prevailing dur ing the past few weeks in Washing ton, to cloud the issue. The Administration has been mo bilizing every possible force again st tlje passage of the war referen dum. The gravity with which the Administration views the proposal shows that the leaders know the pro posal has widespread public support. Supporters of the war referendum, while not very vocal to date, have been hard at work mobilizing senti ment over the country behind the resolution. The chief problem that the back ers of the war referendum have had to face is the combatting of mislead ing information now being given out in the daily press by opponents. There has been more mud slung at this proposal than any other item on the peace legislative calendar in re cent years. Apparently many of those who argue against the referendum have not Uken the trouble to ac quaint themselves with the wording and purpose of the proposal- Insteao they have condemned it without stopping to examine the facts. While Adminstration leaders are almost unanimous in their opposition to the Ludlow War Referendum, the Democratic Party is on record for such a proposal. In the national plat form of the Democratic Party in 1824, the principle of the war refer endum was endorsed. Democratic leaders are overlook ing their endorsement of the propos al which they have now branded as fantastic, unworkable and extreme pacifism. It is a strange situation which finds the leaders of the Dem ocratic Party In 1937 opposing the very thing which the party endorsed in 1924. If the Democrats thought that the idea was good in 1924 and took their stand on that basis, it is reasonable to expect them to debate the merits of their proposal at this ♦im instead of branding it as tan fyHi* DOING SOMETHING ABOUT IT The dairy farmers of the country trouble —end plenty of it. In most of the big markets, conditions ere disrupted for one reason or an other. The action of “chiselers” — price troubles —difficulties of recon ciling opposed points of view of dif ferent tactions involved ip produc- V iQg and distributing milk: These are but s tew of the problems the farm ers faces. But these farmers aren’t sitting down end letting nature take its course. They are doing something •boat their troubles—and doing it thwmgh cooperative marketing or ganisations. What they are doing was detailed in many speeches made at the recent annual meeting of the Hationi Cooperative Milk Producers’ Federation. A modern agicultural cooperative Isn't Just s machine, operated under • routine system, for gathering together the products of its members rr A of them in some profit able Biarket. It has to practice diplomacy. It has to consider and weigh any number of problems, soc ial and economic. And it ip the best ■* soundest instrument the farmer '.ffiMMHMC for working out bis diffi- MARYLAND FARM CROPS University Of Maryland Reporting Service Places Value At $49,979,000 Maryland farmers- raised 1937 crops valued at $49,979,000, a total 14 per cent, below the cash value o£ the 1936 product. The crop reporting service of the University of Maryland said the de crease, for the most part, “was due to . lower prices which more than offset . increased production.” The cultivat ed area increased by 4 per cent, to 1,764,000 acres. Field crops made up more than ninety per cent- of the acreage and , seventy-five per cent, of the value. Truck crops took up the other ten per cent, of the acreage and account . ed for twenty per cent, of the value. Maryland ranked third among the . forty-eight States in the production . of tomatoes for canning. Acreage was increased but bad weather cut the . yield, and the value this year was . thirty-eight per cent, below last . year’s mark. . Corn was the largest single crop ibis year, with a value of $12,446,- . 000- Wheat was next, accounting for $9,587, and hay was In third place, with a value of $6,609,000. Close . behind was tobacco, valued this year . at $5,040,000. Tomatoes led truck , crops in value, with $2,189,000 for cannery tomatoes and $541,000 for . those sent to market fresh. 1 Fruit crops yielded growers a . value of $2,399,000, approximately $115,000 above last year’s produc tion. t Maple sugar and maple syrup pro- L duced, valued at $43,000 of which . $41,000 was syrup, Maple products . were fourth from the bottom of the ! .eport. The 58,000 trees tapped for . sap yielded a total value of only , $22,000 in 1936. I o THE DANGEROUS WALKER “Dangerous walking” is insepar ! ole from the auto-accldent situation. 1 Authentic information indicates : .hat 65 per cent of all pedestrian deaths are due in some measure to .he fault of the pedestrian. In these 1 oases, the walker isn’t the innocent victim he Is usually pictured, but definitely contributes to his own doom. The National Safety Council sug i seats five simple and practical things * .he pedestrians can do to keep the 1 Dark Angel at a safe distance: First, obey traffic signals the same 1 as good drivers do. 1 Second, learn the laws and ordin -1 ances in effect in state and city to 1 .egulate traffic from the pedestrian’s 3 point of view—his rigths and his 3 duties. 3 Third having done this, the ped estrian is in a position to demand a oetter acceptance of the obigations by drivers. o FIRE INSURANCE BROADENS ITS r SERVICE 3 As the President of the National Board of Fire Underwriten pointed out some time ago, it is now clear ihat In the future the function of stock fire Insurance companies will not be preponderantly that of provld ing fire insurance only. Each year the public has asked that the industry assume a wider and wider variety of risks, and the tendency is distinctly B against hazards that are not always g closely related. o Turkey growers of Maryland have g called a meeting for January 12 to B be held at the Lord Baltimore Hotel B or the purpose of organizing a Mary , land State Turkey Growers Associa tion. Mrs. A. W. Battler, turkey B grower of Baltimore County, and R. r S. Brown, County Agent for Talbot j County, will be In charge of the B meeting. . o b Worcester County ranks first 1 among the counties of the State In - both acreage and production of white t potatoes. The last census showed r that Worcester produced nearly 800,- . 000 bushels of white potatoes from more than 6,600 mm, THE JUDLAIfD JOURNAL, FRIDAY, JANUARY 7,1®88 * Questions And Answers WHAT’S WHAT ABOUT SOCIAL SECURITY Q. 124 lam signed up with the employment service and am willing to work but have been unable to get a job. Can I draw any benefits now under the State Unemployment Com pensation Act of Maryland? A. 124 No. Unless you have been employed for minimum number of weeks in covered employments you would not be eligible for benefits under the State Unemployment Com pensation law. No State, except Wis consin, is now paying benefits under unemployment compensation. Tile States of this Region, which are Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina and the District of Columbia, start paying benefits un der their State laws after January 1, 1938. Q. 126 I have worked temporari ly for a department store during the Christmas rush- Should I have an account number and report it to my employer? A. 125 You should. Temporary employment is not excepted from the old-age insurance provisions of the Social Security Act, and your em ployer should therefore deduct one pecrent from your wages, when and as paid, and should report the taxes on Form SS-1 to the Bureau of In ternal Revenue. Q. 126 I will be 65 years old on January 10, 1938. I have been employed in em ployment which comes under the old-age insurance provisions of the Social Security Act. My employer ; has told me that I will be eligible for a lump-sum payment equal to 3 % percent of my total wages since last December 31. Do I have to stop ; to draw this lump-sum payment? A. 126 No. Upon reaching 65 you should get in touch with your Social Security Board Field Office and file a claim for the amount which is due yo>u. Your Social Sec urity Board Field Office will give you every assistance. Q. 127 When will the Social Sec urity Board start paying monthly old-age payments? A. 127 The Social Security will begin paying monthly benefits Jan. 1942. The Social Security Board is now making lump-sum payments to workers who have reached 65 since laßt January 1 and who have qualifi ed for lump-sum payments and to the estate or relatives of workers who have died since last December 31. The amount of a lump-sum pay ment to an individual will vary, and will depend on the amount of wages earned by the individual- The pay ment will be 3% percent of the total wages earned. To receive a lump-sum payment under the Social Security Act it is necessary that a claim be filed. To do this you should get in touch with your Social Security Board Field Office where you will receive every assistance at no expense to you. o NEW YEARS RESOLUTION FOR MOTORISTS A New Year’s resolution for motorists facing the complex danger of the heaviest motor traffic in his tory to suggested by the Keystone Automobile Club of Maryland, as fol lows: “Resolved, That in the year 1938 I shall endeavor at all times to drive my car in a manner calculated to in sure my own and the safety of others. ' To this end, I am determined to avoid acts which experience demon strates are responsible for many deaths and injuries on the highways. “These include: “Carelessness and Inattention at the driving wheel. “Driving at a rapid rate when prudence dictates low speed and ex tra caution. “ Weaving through traffic to ‘save’ a few minutes- Fourth, take a greater interest in traffic signals and pedestrian islands- Fifth, it will be found through these studies that major reductions in the number and severity of ac cidents to pedestrians can be easily achieved. The man on foot must contribute 1 his share to the cause of safety, as well as the man at the wheel. Many pedestrians believe they should be allowed to commit almost any traffic error. The sad results of that notion are found In the daily accident figures. “Driving on the wrong side of the road. “Passing on curves and hills. “Falling to signal intention to stop or turn. “Failure to stop at ‘Stop’ signs. “Furthermore, I am resolved to contribute to highway safety by: “Keeping my car in safe mechanic al eondittop. “Checking headlights at frequent WHY Umbrella May Be Hit During a Thunderstorm. Never walk about with an umbrel la during a thunderstorm. That is one of the important bits of advice which scientists give us. And the reason? The metal frame will at tract lightning. Better be wet than dead, says a writer in London i Answers Magazine. Forked lightning, which looks more exciting, is also more dan gerous. Sheet lightning is only a re flected glow of a flash that is a long way off—usually below the horizon. If you are out walking and your companion is struck by lightning, don’t lose your head. If possible, loosen the victim’s clothes and take off any that are wet. As soon as possible get the suf ferer to bed with plenty of warmth. Lots of blankets and a hot-water bottle. It may be necessary to ap ply artificial respiration. When the patient can swallow, lots of black coffee should be given him. Don’t forget that lightning burns. In your anxiety to administer hot coffee, remember that the burns on the victim’s body need treating. The chances are several million to one that you won’t get struck in a thunderstorm. But someone gets" hurt in every big storm, and prompt action may save a life. Why Japan Is Called “Land of Rising Sun” In the year 671 A. D. the Chinese gave the name Jihpen to the archi pelago situated east of their em pire. The first syllable of this name is represented by a character mean ing sun, or light; the last syllable by a character meaning origin, or root. The word is thus translated as “origin of the sun.” Japan, being east of China, it is easy to under stand how the name “Land of the Rising Sun” became applicable to | this country. The Japanese, who borrowed their writings and many of their terms from China, adopted , this name also, but modified its pro ! nunciation to Nihon. Another form is Nippon, or Dai Nippon. Why Some Water Is Blue The blue color of some water is the result of absolute purity or of depth. According to Sir J. Mur ray’s book, “The Ocean,” it has been found that ordinary distilled water is a greenish color, believed to be due to impurities remaining in the water after distillation while ab solutely pure water has a beautiful clear blue color. In the open ocean the water is generally bluish, while near land and in estuaries it is green or yellowish green. “Smith’s College Chemistry,” by James Ken dall, states that deep layers of wa ter have a blue or greenish-blue color. Why “C” Is Unpronounced Mackinac island was originally Michilimackinac or Missilimaquina island, the seat of justice, the base of supplies and the center of trade . of a vast territory of the same name. The French being the orig inal translators of the Indian name, their pronunciation became perma nent. The French did not pronounce 1 the final “c” and gave the “a” a broad sound. Thus, Michilimacki naw became the accepted render ing. Later the name was con tracted to Mackinac, pronounced Mackinaw. Why “Half-Hour” Time Is Used In some countries where standard time is used they qualify it by be : ing on the “half hour” because the ] half hour more nearly agrees with I the local time and seems to have an ■ advantage. Among them, New Zea . land uses time 11% hours faster , than Greenwich; Burma, 6% hours faster; India, excepting Calcutta, 1 5% hours faster; South Australia, ' 9% hours faster. Why It Is “Latin America” , The countries south of the United States are referred to as “Latin America,” because the prevailing language of these countries is of ’ Latin origin. France, Spain, Italy ' and Portugal are also called Latin ’ countries because their languages . were influenced more by Latin than the languages of other countries. Why Wire-Girdled Trees Die Wire-girdled trees die because the 1 wire cuts through the cambium as • the tree grows, thereby severing the vital connection between the ’ roots, which take up water and raw food, and the leaves, which trans form water and raw material into elaborated plant food. 1 Why Rose Is Sweet i The perfume of the rose is thus - explained by the ancients: Love, at r a feast, at Olympus, in the midst of a very lively dance, upset, by a stroke of his wing, a goblet of nec ‘ tar whieh, falling on a rose, em -1 balmed it with a rich fragrance it ’ still retains. i : Intervals to make certlan they are 1 in proper focus. 1 “Replacing worn tires before they become smooth and, therefore, haz -1 ardous to me and follow motorists. “In short, my intention for 1938 to to do in behalf of other motorists all 1 the things I would have them do In my behalf.” o Nations have queer rules. If your neighbor is loading weapons to at tack you, do you call him a friend till he begins shooting? He’s An Industrial Worker! f ■ ' :.•:••*;• .. .x *.<%Miw<ys |sl!| Ml m:I 'I -9* ■''+*f&*< C*3X&::■■:■■':■ *=** iflEßpHK:sJjlsy J&M&Sk Wftf^ YOU would naturally think of the man operating the tractor as a farmer. And he is a farmer, but he’s also an in creasingly important figure in the indus trial world, not only as a consumer but as a producer. He’s engaged in hoeing up a field of soy beans which later, after passing through various factory proc esses, you’ll be using in the form of paint and varnish, soap, linoleum and scores of other products. Consumers In formation points out that 91 million pounds of soy bean oil, a comparatively new crop for American farmers, was produced in one recent year. Of this amount, 2% million pounds went into the soap kettles, 5 million into linoleum and 13 million into naint and varnish. Gaining Higher Heights THE story is told by an aviator that once, during his course of training, he was compelled to effect a forced landing. His plane was wrecked and an investigation was held. Throughout the trying experi ence, there seemed to be much con fusion and condemnation, but finally he was exonerated, and one of the superior officers said to him, "It is not the forced landings that count; it is how we rise and take off again.” Afterward, as part of the discipline, he was compelled to repeat the full course. At first this was resented, but later he recognized that it was to his complete advantage, for In addition to the usual training, the extra mouths of practice and study gave him greater poise, knowledge, experience. How many of us, in contact with fellow workers, with relatives and friends, and in daily endeavor to ac complish acceptable work in the world, often feel that we have failed, that we have fallen short of the high ideal which we have set for ourselves as a goal! Fear, doubt, discourage ment, and injustice often seem to haunt our footsteps. Frustration and delay would baffle us. . . . Comparing our own progress with that of an other, we may listen to the argument of defeat. And yet wherever we find ourselves, anywhere, in any place, Love can restore health, order, peace, and righteousness. God is Love al ways. He has never forsaken us. . . . The understanding of spiritual law discloses the nothingness of so-called material law and its claims. Failure and disaster come from ignorance of God's law; while health, prosperity, and progress are manifested as one gains the knowledge of the universal, impartial law of good. God knows only good for His children. . . . A little girl used to walk and play so heedlessly that she was constantly falling and hurting herself, with tears and fretfulness as the inevitable re sult. She was taught this verse front the Psalms (116:8): "For thou hasi delivered my soul from death, mine eyes from tears, and my feet from falling.” Her child-thought accepted this so simply and practically that she was healed, and thereafter her days were filled with unfettered activity. No outlook can be so dreary, no ■ B:a’s Oldest, Largest and defy Read News Magazine rverlooks no important event ... misses no >nality. Crisply .. . dramatically .. . right to boils down for you everything that goes on . .. the plain facts and entertaining sidelights, all erpreted. PATHFINDER, fresh from today’s interest, is the choice of more than a million fully informed subscribers every week. PATH FINDER’S nineteen illustrated departments are sure to inform and entertain you too. Other weekly news magazines sell at $4 to $5 a year. PATHFINDER sells for $1 a year, but for a limited time we offer you a greatly re duced combination bargain price for * This Newspaper and PATHFINDER Both y *r Only $ 1.80 It is better to be slandered by some men than to be praised by others. o With shifting scenes many a pre tended friend shows up as an enemy. This brand new market for American farmers, who are now growing a large number of industrial as well as food products, has been developed, like many others, through the vast research pro grams undertaken by American indus try, whose laboratories have added un told millions to the national wealth and also thousands of jobs for American workers. situation so sad, but Truth can res cue us and lift us to higher heights. Mary Balter Eddy writes (Science and Health, with Key to the Scriptures, p. 393): “Rise in the strength of Spirit to resist all that is unlike good. God has made man capable of this, and nothing can vitiate the abil ity and power divinely bestowed on man." Serving God should be an inviting task attended by willing industry, happiness, and usefulness. It re quires constant alertness and prayer ful watching of our thinking, but this should be neither irksome nor dis tasteful. Doing good, loving God and man, is not a thankless, cheerless experience. On the contrary, and sometimes to our astonishment, we find a capacity for joy, talent, free dom, and self-respect that never was known while we were following the selfish, fearful, material round of thinking. Serving God includes find ing and serving a truer, higher sense of selfhood; of seeing man as the son of God. As one serves God he sees disease, discord, hate, and all temptation to sfn, as falsehoods — lies which argue for themselves alone. These subtle claims are fabrications of mortal mind, without power or reality. They never touch God’s son —the real man. Mrs. Eddy writes (Miscellaneous Writings, p. 126): "Who hath not learned that when alone he has his own thoughts to guard, and when struggling with mankind his temper, and in society his tongue? We also have gained higher heights; have learned that trials lift us to that dlg ni*y of Soul which sustains us, and finally conquers them; and that the ordeal refines while it chastens.” Prom the human standpoint alone does the struggle to be Christlike seem to meet with ridicule, frustra tion, or defeat. Yet all such experi ences teach us to guard our thoughts, our tempers, our tongues. They teach us to live with people amiably; and through these lessons we may grow ip grace. Every seeming fall is of value, if, because of it, we seek and find God, and thereby our true self hood, and learn to express_more love to our neighbor. It is satisfyingly sweet to “rise again, stronger than before the stumble," and to attain in some measure to “dignity of Soul which sustains us, and finally conquers." The Christian Science Monitor. It’s hotter to be level-headed than flat-footed- o Some men are so accustomed to making fools of themselves that thegr don’t wind U.