Newspaper Page Text
WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS
- - ■ ■■■ U. S. Bombers Blast Jap Battle Force; Approve Wage, Price Stabilization Bills; Rubber Czar Promises Speedy Action In Supplying Nation’s Essential Needs by Western Newspaper Union. , I CeHAL kBMS^ S S? lisf* \ *** \ PORT scale “ so Too 4#// CORAL SEA Map shows importance of Port Moresby, New Guinea, in the Japanese South Pacific strategy. Port Moresby is only 375 miles from Cape Pork, nearest point on the Australian mainland. The Japs crossed the Owen Stanley mountain range, thus overcoming one of their major obstacles. Australians fighting the Japs in the jungles near Port Moresby were re ported to be using the enemy’s own tactics of covert flanking movements and infiltration. RED FRONT: In More Than Name The need for a second front in western Europe to relieve the pres sure on battered Red armies was emphasized by Soviet military ex perts in London, who needed only to point to the battle fronts for evi dence. Russian troops, obeying Stalin’s order to die rather than retreat, made the Nazis pay with blood and lives for every foot of conquest at Stalingrad. The arrival of crack Si berian troops at Stalingrad slowed down Marshal Von Bock’s German legions, but the picture, in general, remained as gloomy as before. Official communiques told of suc cessful Red defensive operations in the Mozdok area of the mid-Cauca sus and southeast of Novorossisk. Marines were credited with the suc cess near the latter front where the Nazis were attempting to drive southward along the coast. Stiff fighting continued in the Vor onezh area of the upper Don river. The Reds reported more than 3,000 enemy troops killed in three days of fighting in this sector. It was here where the Red army tried to relieve pressure on Stalingrad by constant ly attacking the Nazi flank. Russian troops in the Volga city had been re-enforced by workers re cruited from factories. Most sav age fighting took place in the north west suburbs,--where Russian and German troops fought from behind barricades and buildings separated only by a few yards. INFLATION: First Major Victory A'Teliminary victory in the fight against inflation resulted when the senate and house banking and cur rency committees approved legisla tion directing President Roosevelt to stabilize wages and prices and granting lain power to carry out the orders. v - '*■> The senate bill authorizes and di rects the President to stabilize prices, salaries and wages on the basis of levels Which existed on Sep tember 15, while the house bill in cludes the same provision except that August 15 would be the base n. date. Both bills provide that in general no ceilings may be set chi wages or salaries below the highest levels that, prevailed between January 1 and September 15. Both prohibit ceilings on farm prices less than 100 per cent of parity or—in general —below the highest price paid be tween January 1 and September 15. Both bills contain exceptions. The house measure adopted the “little steel” formula insofar as per mitting wage increases up to 15 per cent more than the January 1, 1941, level, but gets the President power to grant increases above that figure. The two measures placed a floor of 90 per cent of parity under basic commodities (wheat, com, cotton, tobacco and rice) and under cer tain nonbasic commodities which the of agriculture is at tempting to increase for war pur poses. Existing law requires 85 per cent of parity loans. HIGHLIGHTS • • • ' tfc week’s news i. ________________^ CLIMATE: The wide differences in climate throughout the 30 central states and the East where fuel oil will be rationed Will be considered in determining rations householders will receive, the OPA has an nounced. BAR: A fisherman in Lancashire, England, was fined about $8 and ordered te pay sl6 in costs for using bread for bait. PROMISE: Of Essential Rubier Sufficient rubber for military and essential civilian needs has been promised without reservation by William M. Jeffers, the nation’s new rubber administrator. An ever-increasing amount of syn thetic rubber will be made accord ing to established processes, he said, and research will continue. Mr. Jeffers spoke bluntly in his first interview with the press. “What we need is action, and we need it quickly. We are going to get just that.” It is his belief, Jeffers said, that the people “are more confused about what to do than not willing to do what is right.” “You can’t take America off wheels,” he said. “You can lose the war doing that, because of the dis ruption it would cause in our econ omy. You have to have civilian trucks running to move goods and farm products, for instance, and you have to have buses and a .cer tain number of passenger cars to take people to and from work. But you can reduce the use of rubber to the irreducible minimum! MAN POWER CONTROL: Advocated by Hill A bill granting President Roose velt broad authority to co-ordinate man power and industry during war time was drawn up by Senator Lis ter Hill of Alabama, the Democratic whip. The measure authorized the Presi dent to issue an executive order giving the government power to designate specific occupations for individuals not in the armed serv ices. Hill suggested that man power control be exercised through local draft boards which could then call in workers employed in nonessential industries and order them to take war plant jobs. The resolution would lay down a governmental policy “that there shall be universal service of all citi zens” and “total mobilization” of industry. JAP NAVAL THRUST: Routed in Solomons Even while land activity in the Sol omons slowed to minor skirmishes, army Flying Fortresses drove a Jap force of battleships and cruisers away, from the American-held sec tion of the islands with a bombing attack which was reported to have damaged two of the battleships. The bombers discovered the Jap battle force northeast of Tulagi. The navy communique indicated the pos sibility that the fleet may be as sembling for a renewed effort to take the strategic Guadalcanal-Tu lagi area from American forces. From General MacArthur’s head quarters came word of continuing air attacks against the vital Japa nese base at. Lae, on the northeast coast of Lae. A report said that Allied fighters and bombers blasted Japanese supply lines extending in land from Buna to Kokoda, on the route of the Jap drive toward Port Moresby. Buna is 175 miles south east of Lae, on the coast. HARVEST: Because British ag riculture achieved its goal of 5 per cent greater crop yield from each cultivated acre, the nation saved one million tons of shipping space. BRAZIL: The chief of police of Rio de Janeiro ordered all Axis na tionals to register at the police alien bureau. Japanese were included in the order, although Brazil is not at war with Japan. MIDLAND JOURNAL. RISING STTN. MD. KAISER: Gets Contract Henry J. Kaiser, West coast ship builder who went to Washington with a dream of huge flying boats, will be given a chance to show the world that his dream can be trans lated into reality. Kaiser, together with Howard Hughes, noted plane designer, have been authorized to build three ex perimental supercargo planes for a total of $18,000,000 by the War Pro duction board. The two men will make no profit from the initial order, but Kaiser was directed to draw plans for a factory in which the planes could be manufactured in quantity should the army and navy find the trial or der successful. Though Kaiser was directed to complete the planes within 25 months—the first in 15 months—a representative predicted the job would be completed in 18 months. DRAFT CALLS: Explained by Hershey The draft status of several mil lion American men was clarified to a considerable extent when Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, national draft director, indicated that more than 10,000,000 men will be under arms by the end of 1943. In an interview to explain various orders and announcements issued in recent weeks, Hershey and his aids supplied the following guides: The supply of single men, includ ing those with dependents, will be exhausted this fall and calls for married men without children will begin in December or January. The supply of married men with out children will be exhausted about a year from now and, unless con gress authorizes the drafting of 18 and 19 year olds, the calling of men with children will begin around Octo ber 1, 1943. BRITISH SEA LOSSES: Replaced A. V. Alexander, first lord of the British admiralty, in a speech at Sheffield, has revealed that Britain had replaced all four battleships, four aircraft carriers and 22 cruisers lost in the last 27 months of war. London correspondents estimated that 200 destroyers, including the 50 overage United States vessels, had been added since the war began. With Alexander’s speech as a basis, Britain is now estimated to have at least 15 battleships, five aircraft carriers and 78 cruisers. Many more are under construction. In the past 27 months, Britain has lost the battleships Barham, Prince of Wales, Repulse and Hood, and the carriers Glorious, Ark Royal, Hermes and Eagle. The battleship Royal Oak was sunk in October, 1939, and the carrier Courageous was lost in September, 1939. U. S. PARACHUTISTS: Training in Britain Although American parachute troops Have been in England for some time, their presence was kept secret until it was announced of ficially from the headquarters* of Lieut. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, commander in chief of the AEF in the European theater. The troops bolster American strik ing power in Britain. The official announcement did not state whether the U. S. parachute units will be kept to form a spearhead for an eventual invasion of Europe or will be employed, as have British para chutists, on Commando raids. Officers in the parachute corps get a monthly bonus of SIOO. Enlisted men get SSO a month extra. Accord ing to a medical officer with the unit, there is less than 1 per cent of accidents on parachute jumps, in cluding simple sprains. BUNA S PLANT: > ■ The U. S. Robber company’s first synthetic rubber plant in New Eng land—somewhere in Connecticut—is now in operation. This picture shows the butadiene storage tank completely enveloped in water spray. Cooling prevents undesired poly merisation and protects against ex ternal fire. NATION WARNED: A warning that America’s losses in the war may run as high as three million men was voiced by Lieut. Gen. Ben Lear, commander of the Second army, who spoke be fore the 24th annual convention of the American Legion in Kansas City. General Lear’s grim appraisal was blunt: “Can we, resolutely and without wavering, face a war in which our losses may be a million, or two million, or conceivably three million men? Can we -ake it— without talk of a stalemate . . by m imh vMMtr Eleanor Roosevelt ON AUTUMN AND THE WAR We left Washington and, after see ing one or two people in New York city, reached Hyde Park in time for dinner. The cottage seemed very peaceful and the open fire was both comfortable and attractive. Yesterday, we were out of doors all day, but it was not until morning that I woke early enough to have the full benefit of the early morning birds’ serenade. One rather young one prehed on the rail near me and repeated over and over again what seemed like a musical call. He cocked his head from side to side and his bright little eyes twinkled with each call. The air is still soft, but cool in the evenings and early mornings. When the sun shines, the pool is still a pleasant place, but across the pond from where I sit, my swamp maple is completely red and I know that in another two weeks the autumn colors will be everywhere. Again we opened our papers this morning to read about Stalingrad. This is certainly going down in his tory as a valiant defense. I have great sympathy for the three young Russians now traveling in this coun try, who must scan the papers ev ery day and wonder why we, in this country, can live so comfortably and still be at war; when they know that war means a change in the every day life to every citizen in the Soviet Union. There is one advantage in fighting on your own soil. No one can say, as they say occasionally to me by letter: “Why do my boys have to go out of the country?” Everybody in Russia knows what is happening because it is within the borders of the country. They tell me that even the be sieged cities in Russia get mail by airplane, and that is one of the ways by which morale is kept high. That, of course, has been one of the great advantages in Great Britain also. The young British wing-commander, Scott -Malden, in his radio interview the other night, said he had been fighting two weeks before, about 70 ■ miles from his home in the raid on Dieppe. This is about the same distance as from New York city to Pough keepsie I It is easier to know what is happening when the happenings are so near and many of them occur in civilian areas. Our distant op erations have kept us, as civilians, safe from harm, but they also make it much more difficult for us to un derstand arid co-operate in the war effort. • • • ON TAXATION It seems curious to me that we accept with much less excitement so drastic an action as the right of the War Manpower commission to shift workers without their consent to new places of abode, or into other fields of work; and yet seem to find it so difficult to accept any sugges tions for new types of taxation. I was much interested in Senator George’s remark that the treasury’s “spending tax” was a leveling tax. I supposed that was the type of tax we were looking for at present. It must be, however, that the pull of material interest has always been one of our strongest motivating forces ahd is still stronger in the minds of most of us than the right to work where and whenever we choose. I think that in the present situa tion we have to accept as workers in civilian life, or even as private individuals, the decrees of our gov ernment in exactly the same way that soldiers have to accept them. I would not oppose any of these decrees. The only thing which sur prises me is, that where our pockets are concerned, we fight so much harder and apparently so much more Successfully against certain drastic changes. I suppose it is in our tradition and it will take us longer to make the changes. In the end we will accept them, as we do everything else when we realize that to do so will shorten the war and give our boys a better chance to come through alive. The RAF and our own men seem to be effectively continuing their raids on Germany, but it does not look as though raids alone were the final answer to the battle of Europe. All we can do is to pray that our production will really reach the point where decisive action can be taken. • * • EARNED APPOINTMENT Jacqueline Cochran has earned her appointment to direct women’s air work and women everywhere will be proud of her achievement. • • • WOMEN IN THE AAA PROGRAM The war is changing the position of women in many ways. I notice that the department of agriculture has requested the farmers of the na tion to consider the election of farm women as well as men, to county and community committees to ad minister the AAA farm program. The AAA’s Articles of Association are being amended to permit farm wives, as well as women farming in their own name, to vote in the committeemember’s elections and to hold office. Washington, D. C. LITTLE BUSINESS CRUSADER Donald Nelson’s “get tough” pol icy gets increasingly unfortunate reverberations. Part of this is be cause Donald, nice as he is, and well liked as he is, just doesn’t seem to have a knack for feeling the pub lic pulse. For instance, he should have known that the most popular man in Washington, as far as little busi ness is concerned, is Guy Holcomb, head of the justice department’s small business bureau. Yet Nelson reached into the justice department and demanded that the attorney general fire Holcomb. The reaction against Nelson has been bad. Nelson had no jurisdiction over the justice department, and it is unusual for one executive to reach into the affairs of an outside office. However, Holcomb has been con sistently critical of WPB’s failure to award war contracts to little busi ness; his cracks got on Nelson’s nerves, and he demanded that the attorney general fire him. So to keep peace in the official family, Hol comb was “permitted to resign.” Actually, Holcomb was a hustling young business man from Atlanta, Ga., who knew nothing about red tape, spurned bureaucracy and went around saying exactly what he thought of people who seemed to be lying down on the job. Result: He made a lot of enemies, but he got an awful lot done for little busi ness. For instance, he discovered that only three companies in the entire United States got all the contracts for putting boilers in merchant ships. • • * ALASKAN ATTACKS The senate military affairs com mittee got some encouraging news when it met behind closed doors to hear the report of a subcommittee which has returned from an inspec tion tour of our Alaskan fortifica tions. For military reasons, the greatet part of the report cannot be re vealed. However, this much can be told: The subcommittee, composed of Senators Happy Chandler of Ken tucky, Mon Wallgren of Washington and Rufus Holman of Oregon, was unanimous in declaring that our aerial defenses in Alaska were strong enough to repel any attempt ed Jap invasion. Remarkable progress has been made since Pearl Harbor in estab lishing new land and sea bases in the Alaskan area. The three sena tors also paid high tribute to the morale and skill of U. S. airmen, who are forced to fly in the worst kinds of weather conditions. Though refusing to predict on how soon we can start an all-out air of fensive to drive the Japs from their footholds in the Aleutians, the sub committee reported that one ob stacle which has been holding up such an offensive has now been licked. Hitherto we have been unable to send protective convoys of fighting planes with bombers raiding Jap positions in the Aleutians, because our fighters do not have the flying range for the 1,000-mile round trip from the army base at Umnak is land, nearest outpost to the Japs. However, this problem has been solved by the installation of "belly” gas tanks on fighters. They carry several hundred gallons of fuel and can be dropped after they are emptied. The subcommittee also reported that interference with army and navy radio communications in the Alaskan area, caused by bad weath er and the Aurora Borealis, was be ing largely circumvented by com pass flying. • • • UNFOUNDED RUMOR DEPARTMENT The Rumor: One of the Freuhauf brothers in Detroit, who manufac ture trailers, gave his yacht to the navy, but before doing so said he wanted to take it on a farewell cruise. He had no sooner got a few hours offshore, however, when he received a peremptory demand from the navy to return, after which Har ry Hopkins and his new bride took over ffie yacht and sailed away on their honeymoon. The Truth: Harry Hopkins doesn’t like yachting, gets seasick easily, spent his vacation in Connecticut. Harry Freuhauf, interviewed by this columnist on the telephone, said: “My brothr did turn his yacht over to the navy, but the arrangements were entirely amiable, and Harry Hopkins never was on it at any time or place. We have heard all sorts of rumors about this, but there is absolutely nothing to them.” • • • POLITICAL ECONOMY Hard-working Representative John H. Folger of North Carolina will go the limit for a constituent, but a recent request from a job-seeker in his district almost got him down. “I have filed an application with the Civil Service commission for a position as an economist. “I &m a farmer of many years’ experience and believe I am emi nently qualified for the job I’m after. “I have practiced economy all my life.” CLASSIFIED DEPARTMENT RAZOR BLADES KENT BLADES ‘rcSSSF’ Business Opportunities Make money silvering mirrors. $2,000- SIO,OOO yearly possible. Profitable business,, home spare time. Instructions 25c. P. M. FOSTER, 126 Miltate Ave., Norfolk, Va. OPPORTUNITY (Handicapped) one-leg men A women, pre pare for opportunities. Perhaps you know some one crippled. Kindly send info. Para gan Institnte, 6 East St., Jersey City, N. J. Dressed for Christening The bottles of champagne that are used in christening American ships require more than two hours to be "dressed” for the occasion, reports Collier’s. They have to be fitted with a l-16th-inch flexible copper mesh jacket, to keep the glass from flying, and adorned with two tricolored ribbons, each 62 feet long. After launching, the bottle and ribbons are usually stored aboard the vessel to insure lasting good luck. AMERICA’S No.l WBW QUIP MASTER ffljfcjßßl it back on tho air SUNDAY NIGHTS beginning OCTOBER 4* with Portland Hoffa Al Goodman's Orcli* " nd famous gustt stars f[ Sfir | WABC—WCAO-WCAU—WJSV \W/ 9:30 P.M.E.W.T. other C.B.S. stations Laugh Early We must laugh before we are happy for fear of dying without laughing at all.—La Bruyere. jflfc ATOffiC "DATES"! fuk (or girls who hasten healing YlOkOl externally caused pimples by relieving irritation with RES! KOI, Vps and Downs Unbroken happiness is a bore: it should have ups and downs.— J. B. Moliere. CORNS SO FAST Pain goes quick, corns ■MTT~ speedily removed when you use thin, soothing. cushioning Dr. Scholl's A/ Jfi Zino-pads. Try them) Roving One He dwells nowhere that dwells everywhere .—Martial. I The Ammunition Needed for Killing I RATS, Mlffand COCKROACHES isl this SUM I DEATH oxtorminotor and havo victory over thoso disoaso-carrying, food, destroying posts. STEARNS' has boon tho old AmorlcsM standby for 64 yoars. 35< and >I.OO AT AU DRUGGISTS COLDS LIQUID Tablets wa svwl salve nose drops ' COUCH DROPS WNU—4 39—42 For Yoa To Feel Well 14 hours svery day. 1 days army week, never stopping, the kidneys filter waste matter from the blood. If more people were aware of how the kidneys most constantly remove sur plus fluid, excess adds and other wests matter that cannot etay In tho blood without Injury to health, there would bo hotter understanding of why the whole system is upset when kidneys fan to function properly. Burning, scanty or too frequent urina tion sometimes warns that something Is wrong. You may suffer nagging back ache, headaches, dizziness, rbeusoaOa bo using a medicine recommended the country over. Doan’s stimulate the func tion of tho kidneys and halp them to flush out poisonous waste from the blood. They contain nothing harmful. Got Doan’s today. Uao with oonfidensa. At all drug stores.