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The midland journal. (Rising Sun, Md.) 1885-1947, June 16, 1944, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89060136/1944-06-16/ed-1/seq-5/

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WLajor (Offensive
on the E arm E ront!
Backing the offensives of American fighting
men, armies of American farmers are en-
gaged in the greatest offensive of all time
on the farm front. Their 1943 victories of
food production, and their zeal to win the
war, spur them on again this year, in face
of ever increasing problems of manpower
and machinery shortages.
American sol-
diers of the soil are
working around
;Itp - the clock to farm
their fertile land
—to plant and
. . .
cultivate growing crops to make the most
of every minute.
And a major part of this great offensive
is the production of livestock cattle,
calves, hogs and lambs —to make meat for
America and our allies. Our soldiers fight
best on a diet rich in meat—our war workers,
too, need the energy-building proteins and
vitamins of meat. For Americans are a meat-
eating people.
But meat on the hoof is one thing and
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Above is the official Father’s Day poster for 1944. The painting is the
work of Herbert Bohnert, famous poster illustrator. The original is in four
colors and will be printed in these same four colors in many sizes and
shapes and distributed throughout the country. The poster is dedicated
to the Father Bond Drive of the United States Treasury Department.
Plans for the 1944 National War
Fund appeal in Maryland will be for
mulated at a two day conference of
State leaders when 500 delegates, in
cluding Governor O’Conor, will meet
at the Emerson Hotel, Baltimore, on
June 23 and 24, according to an an
nouncement made by Stewart J.
Cort, State Chairman.
Highlight of the two day session
■will be a banquet at 7 o’clock, Friday
June 23, at which Norwood F. All
man, editor and publisher of "Shun
.pao,” the oldest and largest Chinese
newspaper, will be the principal
speaker. Author of the best seller,
*‘Sbanfhia Lawyer," Mr, AUmau has
meat on the plate is another. That’s where
Swift & Company has its job to do in the
war effort of the livestock
and meat industry.
With nation-wide
meat packing and dis- \
tribution facilities,
we are able to bridge
the 1,000 miles or more that lie between
producers and consumers. And so we work
closely with the American farmer to see
to it that his meat goes where it is most
We have for your use the following films:
“A Nation’s Meat”
“Cows and Chickens, U. S. A.”
“Livestock and Meat”
Please feel free to ask for them.
esses over billion
farm products a year, net prof- nnn j^ ooon . inro
its f rom ALL sources includ - fl
i ng by-products average but a
fraction of a penny a pound.
recently been released from, a Japa
nese prison cam® where he was in
terned since December, 1942. Notor
ious for the anti-Japanese policy of
his newspaper, after Pearl Harbor’s
attack, Mr. Allman’s name was first
on Japan's official blacklist. His talk
is expected to treat with his 26 years
of experience in the Orient, along
with descriptions of work performed
by War Prisoners’ Aid, one of the
National War Fund agencies.
Possesor of four Presidential cita
tions, the Air Medal, Oak Leaf Clus
ters and the Distinguished Flying
Cross, Lt. Theodore Goldblum, U. S.
A. A. F., will Join with Norwood F.
Allman in addressing the banquet
gathering. Experience* at Pearl Her
“Mae West” life jackets will be
made from 1,500,000 pounds of milk
weed floss the War Food' Adminis
tration will ask boys and girls in the
United States to collect next fall. The
collectors will be organized by coun-
I ties and will be paid 20 cents for each
bag of dried pods they gather.
More than 100 students will be
graduated from the University of
Maryland at commencement exercis
es June 28. Many alumni are expect
ed to be present for the graduation
and for Alumni Day activities in
their honor.
The bus service to North East and
Charlestown has been discontinued
for the present, as the resut of the
condemning of the old iron bridge.
The nearest stop to be made by the
Greyhound busses will be the Madi
son House, about a mile north of
North East.
Between bridgeheads and beach
heads, Nazis in Italy seem in a bad
bor and the Battles of the Bismarck
Sea andi Midway will be recounted
by Lt. Goldblum who was a radio op
erator and gunner aboard a B-17
Flying Fortress.
Detailed accounts of work done by
USO, United Seaman's Services and
foreign relief agencies in the Nation
al War Fund program will be report
ed by James M. Heipborn, State Dir
ector, during the conference. Citing
the work performed by National War
Fund, Mr. Hepborn stated, “Our
weaker allied neighbors and our
fighting men are still depending on
us to continue working and sacrific
ing until Victory Is Won." Continuing
he said, “We haven’t tailed yet and
ire won’t quit now.'*
Of more than 180,000 prisoners of
war now held In over 100 permanent
camps in the United States, 130,000
are Germans and 50,000 are Italians,
the Office of War Information re
ports. Only 200 Japanese prisoners
of war, taken captive on the high
seas or in isolated outposts have been
brought to this country.
German and Italian prisoners are
here for three reasons: 1, it is more
economical to bring them to this
country than to ship food overseas
for them; 2, it is dangerous to keep a
large group of the enemy in the rear
of fighting troops; and 3, American
soldiers overseas may be better uti
lized otherwise than in guarding pris
oners of war.
Although Japan did not ratify the
Geneva Convention, which governs
most of the civilized nations in their
internment of prisoners of war, this
country treats Japanese with the
same consideration given Germans
and Italians. Japan agreed to follow
the convention “so far as applicable”
but has not permitted neutral obser
vers to visit camps where Americans
are held.
Japanese Considered Dead At Home
While Japanese prisoners in this
country may be visited by representa
tives of the International Red Cross,
the YMCA, and the protecting power,
Spain, the Japanese prisoners are dis
interested. The Japanese refused to
send “capture-cards” to their fami
lies and they want no reports made to
their government. They have never
received any mail or gifts from their
homeland. In Japan, they are con
sidered dead, and funeral services al
ready have been held for them.
Italians and Germans, however,
are eager for mail and parcels from
home and talk freely with represen
tatives of the International Red
Cross, the YMCA, and their protect
ing power, Switzerland. Their
“gripes” are the usual complaints of
a soldier.
Most German soldiers are confi
dent of a Nazi victory and they look
upon American newspaper accounts
of Allied victories either as propa
ganda or temporary set-backs.
Prisoner of war camps are like a
few square miles of Germany or Italy
transplanted to America. Occasional
ly a German or Italian soldier may
be seen wearing all his insignia or
decorations on his American uniform
on which are stamped the letters,
“P. W.”
May Listen To Local Radio
Prisoners may listen to the radio,
tuned only to local stations. They
may subscribe to American newspa
pers, even foreign language papers,
but none printed: in their own coun
tries. German communiques as print
ed in the New York Times are trans
lated and regularly put on bulletin
There are libraries in all prisoner
of war camps, and the PWs may own
books passed by the camp censor.
Nazi propaganda literature is not
permitted, although many German
language books are included in li
brary collections. Scientific textbooks
are favorites, but German classics
are widely read. In one camp with
2,000 prisoners, 300 are studying
Teachers, some from leading Ger
man universities, doctors, opera sing
ers, musicians, scientists and skilled
technicians are among the prisoners.
Teachers organize classes, musicians
develop orchestral or choral groups
and doctors assit in health programs.
Red Cross Is Life-Line
The International Red Cross, the
life-line between the PWs and their
own people, operates seven ships that
regularly cross the seas. Prom Phila
delphia, they head toward Marseille,
with parcels and mail for Americans
in prison camps, for other Allied sol
diers in Axis hands and for the Amer
ican civilian internees of Europe. On
their return they bring parcels and
mail to the German and Italian PWs
here. These seven ships are the only
ones in the world that may sail from
one belligerent country to another.
The PW spokesman, elected by the
prisoners, keeips close contact with
the International Red Cross repre
sentative, but the visiting repsenta
tives for German and Italian prison
ers —all of them Swiss —say “no ser
ious complaints” have ever been
Early in February 6,000 Italian
PWs were put to work repairing sal
vaged clothing at the request of the
Procurement Division, U. S. Treasury
which provided sewing machines for
merly used on WPB sewing projects.
Laundry equipment came from WPA,
NYA and other government surplus
stocks. Buttons, thread and other
material came from WPA supplies
on hand when WPB was liquidated.
Repair centers were set up in mid
western areas and supervisors were
sent to start the assembly lines.
Among the Italians several hun
dred experienced tailors were found
who could train their fellow PWs in
sewing. Material now being salvaged
includes 80 million pounds of Army
clothing and equipment. The PWs re
ceive 80 cents a day—the amount
they would receive for outside labor.
Outside employers of prison labor
pay the revailing wage, the difference
between that wage and 80 cents a
day going to the U. S. Treasury.
Passenger car drivers now receive
only 43 per cent as much gasoline as
they used in 1941, the Petroleum Ad
ministration for War says. While
Americans have reduced passenger
car mileage from the peacetime level
by about 57 per cent, the English,
have reduced their* by 88 per cent.
►j- 1 ■
Don Winslow of the Navy
E By
1 Lt. Comdr. Frank Martinek

| /let's BUY STH. WAR LOAN \
i i ,
Congress having again ignored
protests over the continuance of the
85 Federal “use” tax on motor ve
-1 hides, this annual headache for the
1 motorists of the nation started June
’ 1, when stamps went on sale at the
Keystone Automobile Club, which
[ has fought the tax since its inception,
announced that supplies of stamps
are on hand in all postoffices and that
regardless of the ’’justified indigna
tion” of motorists over continuance
of the tax, the sensible thing to do is
to comply with the law early in the
month and avoid trouble in the last
minute rush before the deadline on
July 1.
Terming the Federal levy “the
most unpopular tax ever imposed on
motorists,” Keystone’s statement de
clared the tax has been particularly
obnoxious to car owners in the East,
whose "use” of vehicles has been
curtailed almost to the vanishing
“Particularly,” the statement said,
“is this true in the case of the A
rationed motorist, whose allotment
of two gallons per week permits
minimum use of his car. To charge
him $5 for the privilege of driving
some 1500 miles per year is unjust '
and inequitable.” '
The stamp this year is lavender in
color. It is the same size as in for
mer years and the law requires it to
be displayed on the vehicle. The cus
tomary place for display is the low- 1
er right-hand corner of the wind
shield, next to the car inspection
Under the law the $5 charge cov
ers the car for the entire fiscal year.
If a car which has not been in use
is either put into operation or trans
ferred to new ownership, the tax is
paid on a pro rata basis —one-twelfth
deducted for every month after July.
In transactions involving cars for
which stamps have been bought, the ,
new owners are not obliged to buy
new stamps. The rule is that the
“stamp goes with the car.”
The herd of Jersey cattle belong
ing to Mrs. H. B. Crowgey and Son,
of Elkton Farms, is out in front for
the fourth successive month, in the
Cecil County Cow Testing Associa
tion. The average per cow of the
Crowgey herd was 777.0 pounds of
milk and 44-50 pounds of butterfat.
The herd of Guernseys, owned by
Mt. Ararat Farms, near Port Depos
it, captured second honors, with an
average of 861.3 pounds of milk and
42.73 pounds of butterfat.
Third honors went to the herd of
Brown Swiss, owned by Wallace M.
V. Lynch, with 1033.1 pounds of
milk and 42.38 pounds of butterfat.
Carl Feucht’s herd of Jerseys was
fourth and the herd of Lloyd Balder
ston’s Guernseys was fifth.
The ten highest individual cows
in the May test were: Mrs. Crowgey’s
cow Bes, Jersey, with 1778 lb of
milk and 114.8 lb of butterfat; Wal
lace M. V. Lynch’s cow Maid, Brown
Swiss, with 1838 lb of milk and 82.7
lb of butterfat; Mt. Ararat Farms,
cow Crocus Rose, Guernsey, with
1581 lb of milk and 82.7 lb of but
terfat; Lloyd Balderston’s cow Royal
13, Guernsey, with 146 lb of mlk
I and 80.3 lb of butterfat; S. W.
Blakeslee’s cow No. 19A, Ayrshire,
with 2040 lb of milk and 77.5 lb of
butterfat; Carl Feucht’s cow, Coro
nation Dewdrop, Jersey, with 1279
[ lb of milk and 77.5 lb of butterfat;
Mt. Ararat Farms’ cow Heptica,
Guernsey, with 1411 lb of milk and
76’.2 lb of butterfat; Crowgey’s cow
’ Royalist, Jersey, with 1190 lb of
milk and 75 lb of butterfat; J. T.
C. Hopkins' cow Haggie, Jersey,
( with 1362 lb of milk and 73 lb of
butterfat; Mt. Ararat Farms’ cow,
' Cherub, Guernsey, with 1361 lb of
; milk and 72.2 lb of butterfat; 268
cows took art in the test during the
month of May.
l More than 125 women have found
their wartime jobs in taking the
places of men as cow testers in the
' dairy herd-improvement associations
throughout the country, according
i to the Bureau of Dairy Industry, De
> partment of Agriculture.
New York State alone has 20 full
: time women testers, and in New
' Hampshire all association testers are
1 women. Sometimees a woman takes
ijthe place of her husband when he
.[enters the armed service. Most wo-
The new Executive Committee ot
the Governors’ Conference for the
coming year includes the name of
Goveror Herbert R. O’Conor, of
Maryland, as a member for the fifth
consecutive year, an all-time record
in this respect.
Also, Governor O’Conor is the only
former Chairman of the Governors’
Conference to retain his position on
the Executive Committee. The new
Chairman, nominated by Governor
O’Conor for the post, is Governor
Herbert B. Maw, Democrat, of Utah,
who succeeds Governor Leverett Sal
tonstall, of Mass-
Other members of the Executive
Committee, on which Governor O’-
Conor is now the ranking member
in length of service, are Governors
Dwight H. Green, Illinois; Dwight
T. Griswold, Nebraska; Earl Warren,
California; Chauncey Sparks, Ala
bama; Edward Martin, Pensylvania;
Robert S. Kerr, Oklahoma; and Ray
mond E. Baldwin, Connecticut.
Community canning centers take
a lot of planning to get started and
keep running throughout the grow
ing season. They must be operated
on a business basis by a group of
public spirited (Persons who see
the need for preserving all the food
supplies possible, and who are will
ing to devote the necessary time and
effort. Good organizing leaders are
where you find them, experience
shows. A good leader may be an en
ergetic homemaker, a home demon
stration agent, a business man who
has a garden, a teacher of vocational
agriculture or home economics, or
some other civic leader. It may not
yet be too late in the season to get
such a center going to take care of
the August and September crops of
fruits and vegetables.
A preliminary survey will deter
mine how many families are interest
ed, the kinds and quantities of food
they wish to put up, and similar in
formation. The next step is a public
meeting to set up a general commit
dee and several subcommittees to
handle financing, housing and equip
ment, public relations, operation,
health and sanitation of the plant.
Funds may come from public sub
scription, voluntary contributions,
or a community bond issue. Overhead
costs should usually come out of ser
vice charges. If a group is interested
in starting a community canning cen
ter, the War Food Administration
will help on points that require spe
cial attention. WFA advises hiring a
qualified, full-time, paid supervisor.
North East Heights Land Com
pany, Inc-, to Margaret Daniels. All
that lot or parcel of land situate in
the Fifth Election District of Cecil
County, Md., in North East Heights.
North East Heights Land Com
pany, Inc., to Rufus K. Wells and
wife. All that lot or parcel of land
situate in the Fifth Election District
of Cecil County, in North East
Henry C. Hess and wife to Eric
G. Miller and wife. All that lot or
parcel of land situate in the village
of Fair Hill, in the Fourth Election
District of Cecil County.
Antonia Calao and wife to Harry
M. Biddle and wife. All that lot or
parcel of land situate and lying in
the town of Perryville, in the Sev
enth Election District of Cecil Co.
Robert Stanley Allen and wife to
Conrad Haines and wife. All that
lot or parcel of land situate in Port
Deposit, Cecil County, Md.
Maurice A. Nesle and wife to Wm.
H. Lemmel and wife. All that lot of
ground situate and lying at Hack’s
Point Beach, in the First Election
District of Cecil County, Md.
Rebecca Lee Dorsey to Clarence
B. Hershey and wife. All that tract
or parcel of land situate and lying
in the Eighth Election District of
Cecil Counyt, Md.
Laura V. Webb and husband, et
al., to Albert O. Moran and wife.
All that lot of land and premises
situate in the Sixth Election District
of Cecil County. Containing 52 9-10
sq. perches of land, more or less.
Herbert S. Bean and wife, et al.,
to Eugene F. Triplett. All that cer
tain parcel of land, situate in the
Fourth Election District of Cecil Co.
Containing 34 acres of land and 1
rood, more or less.
Edward L. Harvey and wife to
Peggy Mackay. All that lot or parcel
of land situate in the Third Election
District of Cecil County, containing
13 acres of land, more or less.
Peggy Mackay to Edward L. Har
vey and wife. All that lot or par
cel of land situate in the Third Elec
tion District, containing 13 acres of
land, more or less.
men testers have a farm background
and some agricultural training in
high school or college. Many are
former 4-H Club members.
Cow testers in the dairy herd-im
provement associations usually visit
each member herd once a month
and make a sample record of produc
tion upon which estimated total pro
duction of each cow is based.
Dairy herd-improvement associa
tions, after a steady 10-year period
of growth, reached their peak num
ber, 1421, in January, 1942, but
loss of trained testers to the armed
services and industry had reduced
the number to 954 in January, 1944.
However, many associations have
been able to prevent wartime sus
pension by training women testers,

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