Newspaper Page Text
THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
PUBLISHED EVERT FRIDA T IOKIUNO BT ETWHSTO- BEOS. Mlani> |t| CECIL COUNTY MARYLAND Batsrad m Second Chut Matter at Poet Offlce in Rising Run, Maryland Under Act of Congress of March I, 117* INDEPENDENT IN POLITIC! AND ALL OTHER SUBJECTS TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION ONE YEAR, IN ADVANCE - - - - SI.SO SIX MONTHS ------ SI.OO THREE MONTHS ----- AO SINGLE COP V, S CENTS ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION I Foreign Advertising Kepresenlstive !I | Foreign Advertising Representetjve ‘ Irik. AFRICAN PR&IS ASSOC! M ION J|| THE AMERICAN PRESS ASSOC! AI ION FRIDAY, AUGUST 11, 1944 “What should be done with Ger many?” asks Dr. Ernest Fremont Tittle, of Evanston, 111., and after re viewing proposals be says: “We can chose to believe, despite all the evi dence to the contrary, that the Ger man people, one and all, are uniquely and incurably wicked; and we can treat them accordingly. But that way madness lies—madneess and ruin for all Europe, and not for Europe only but also for the whole world. Per haps, after all, we would do well to base our answer on the insight of Him who Baid, ‘Ye have heard that it is said, Thom shalt love thy neigh bor and hate thine enemy. I say unto you, Love thine enemies; do good to them that hate you.’ Perhaps we would do well to recall and lay to heart words sipoken to a great gath ering in Madison Square Garden, New York City, by Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, who in the name of Christ, which she did not hesitate to pro nounce, declared that hate is not the way out.” o "The reason the Chinese could re sist the Japanese so long and so suc cessfully is because China’s people are living on farms,” says the Rev. John T. S. Mao, former pastor of the St. Therese Chinese Catholic Mission in Chicago, and recently appointed pro-curator of the Vicariate of Nan king, China. “If China, like so many other countries had been completely industrialized, she would have been destroyed,” adds Father Mao. “In an industrial nation, when factories and equipment are destroyed, the people are destroyed. An enemy can not destroy farms. Where farms ex Ist, the farmers exist also. Only land is indestructible.” When the war is over, Father Mao expects to go to Nanking and there establish, under Bishop Yu-pin, a school of socia, science. o G. I. VETS WANT EDUCATION More than 1,000 veteran G. I. Joes already have applied to the Veterans Administration for educational bene fits offered them under the so-calleo G. I. Bill of Rights. In addition, 4,000 have written inquiries and many additional telephone inquiries about benefits offered under the bill have been received. To be eligible foi educational benefits, a veteran must have had his education interrupted and must have had 90 days active service since September 16, 1940. with separations under conditions other thain dishonorable. Veterans who entered service before they were 25 yars old are presumed to have "had their education interrupted. o WHERE IS YOUR SHARE? Of the eight million tons of papei needed for salvage in 1944, the Wat Production Board says 38 per cent is in hiding in American homes and farms, while the other 62 per cent is to be found in the files and store rooms of American industry. If the Boy Scouts or the Girl Scouts don’t find these home-hidden hoards of waste paper before next fall, school children hope to dig them out. AN OPPORTUNITY FOR INDUSTRY The CIO Political Action Commit tee, with its instructions to canvas sers to call on every home in a given area, should suggest something to industry. For instance, what has CIO to sell the people that emiploying industry has not? After it is all said and done, industry provides the jobs for tht workers. Without private industry, there would be no need for unions and thousands of well-paid union officials. Totalitarian countries do noi tolerate labor unions. You don’t strike under a Hitler or a Mussolini unless you wish to face a firing squad. If labor is wise, it will do nothing to undermine the future of privutt enterprise. And if industry is wise, it will be aggressive in seeing that its story is told in every possible way to every citizen. Free labor and free enterprise can only rise or fall to gether, and it is foolish for either to do anything that destroys the other. BALTIMORE SUN BACKS DEWEY The Baltimore Sun, in a two col umn editorial Thursday morning an jiounced that it will support Dewey, the Republican candidate for Presi dent, as against Mr. Roosevelt, who seeks a fourth term. o Mussolini tried to commit suicide but failed. He is more deserving than Hitler who never made the attempt. Englishman calls Gandhi a bam boozier. Sounds like the opening gun BETTER BUCK-UP ON YOUR POLITICS Ry J. E. Jones Washington, D. C., August 7 —The political campaign is on, and the is sues are confused, despite the recent Republican and Democratic conven tions. The two great political parties announced their platforms and many of the issues and pledges were stated. Every citizen should read these plat forms and check on them, time and time again, through the coming weeks to find out how consistently and honestly the chief spokesmen and leaders of the two parties are sticking to the promises made in the platforms of this campaign. You can depend upon a platform ,o get on a train; but the big part of every political platform lets you down between the planks. The Dem >cratic platform was boiled down by President Roosevelt and it represent ed his own personal views. The Re ublican platform was a compromise jf political notions of different fac ions of the party—intended to please everybody. Now that the campaign is taking shape the Administration is sitting ight, in the driver’s seat. The Re publicans are making attacks against Roosevelt's efforts to capture a ourth term. The New Deal, its “old, ired, and quarrelsome men,” are izzling on the grid. So, as the weeks roll by, the indi idual citizen must decide whether o vote for Roosevelt and Truman, r for Dew r ey and Bricker. The Re ublican candidates represent a dif erent political system from that ol' he past 12 years. Roosevelt is al eady on the defensive. Dewey’s man igers seem confident that he will win he election —they claim 25 States. Unfortunately, the trouble with uost voters is that they fail to un ierstand, or remember the issues, jut as crudely as those issues are out ined in the platforms they, neverthe ess, state the factual differences be ween the two parties. When either party changes its course and goes off n strange directions it shows a weak jess that should not be -overlooked— f the change is too radical, or vio ent, then the question is up to the oter as to whether he, or she, should ie led astray with false representa ions of the basic issues laid down by he ipiatform makers, and the del ates from 48 states, to the party onv.entions. This item does not indicate how he voter should vote —it is, instead, i sort of red flag to warn the voters hus early in the day, not to be fool ’d by tricky politicians. ♦* * * Labor Leaders In A Hair-Pulling Match “Prior to the formation of the CIO nd the organization of the mass in liustries, labor’s role in National pol tics had been a cautious and conser ative one,” commented the “cau ious” and conservative Washington itar, following the Democratic con tention. The Star laid a foundation >f facts by referring to the .policies >f Samuel Gomipers, who concentra ed on a non-partisan effort to secure election of public officials. Union labor leaders are running he labor unions and apparently the 1 .2 million members haven’t veryj nuch to say about the orders issued >y Phillip Murray and, Sidney Hill nan of the CIO and William Green •f the AFL. The Weekly News Bul etin of AFL says that the Hillman Bureau “is a rather tricky outfit,” proceeding “in accordance with the ypical Communist technique” AFL mys that after summing up the evi lence, it concludes the double-headed Murray Hillman organization is “put ing on an act rather than action — in act full of sound and fury, signi fying nothing.” The AFL winds up ts statement under the heading of ‘Facing the Facts,” by predicting that “the benison of the CIO in 1944 as in former years, will turn out to be the kiss of death” to the party it juipports. It is hardly necessary to state that John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers is in substantial agreement with William Green. Anyone who cannot figure that out the labor vote will be divided be tween the different candidates of the different parties will have to ignore political history which proves that when there is a hair-pulling match between labor leaders that the work ers will refuse to be led around and will be found on election day split wide open, voting according to their jwn conviction —and American work men think a great deal clearer than ! the handful of leaders who employ .vhat the AFL refers to as ‘‘typical Gommunst technique. ’ Meanwhile, the newly announced WsSp I' ;,•'■ . ’ V THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, AUGUST 11, 1944 1944 AUGUST 1944 SUN MON rut | WtD ITHUKI FW sjjf 123 4 3 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20212223 24 25 26 |27|28129|30|31l FORTY NATIONAIi ORGANIZATIONS JOIN HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAM A ten-point program for post-war highway safety is announced by 40 national organizations representing labor, agriculture, business and in dustry, war veterans and women’s groups. The program, published by the National Safety Council, called for action now to meet “the complex problems that will arise when re strictions on travel are lifted.” The proposed action included building “safety into all new high way construction”; competent city and State traffic engineering ser vices; rebuilding depleted police de partments and providing adequate personnel training; expanded facili ties and regulations for vehicle in spection. The program further called for ex panded accident reporting; more specialization in handling traffic cases in court; improved driver licensing; resumption of accident reporting and analysis; expansion of safety instruc tion in schools; programs of safety education for adult drivers and pe destrians; revision of laws necessary to effect improvements. Kenneth Coleman, of Seattle, chairman of the committee respon sible for dirafting the program, said there were -39,969 traffic deaths in 1941, the last year and that high way accidents have taken 750,000 lives in this country since 1900. o 200,000 BOY SCOUTS START WASTE PAPER DRIVE Thousands of Boy Scouts and Cubs throughout the country opened the intensive two-month nation-wide waste paper collection drive August 1, the War Production Board an nounces. Included' in this group are 216,677 members of the Boy Scouts of Amer ica from rural communities with a population of less than 2,500. These rural communities have a- total of 10,430 Boy Scout troops and 1,419 Cutb Packs. Each Scout troop or Cub Pack col lecting an average of 1,000 pounds of waste paper per boy during the drive will receive a War Production Board Certificate of Merit, signed by WPB Chairman Donald M. Nelson. In addition, a lapel badge will be pre sented individually to all Scouts and Cubs who succeed in collecting 1,000 pounds or more of'waste paper in the two-month period ending Septem ber 30. The proceeds from sales of the waiste paper collected will go into Boy Scout troop funds to purchase camping and other equipment. The new drive was organized by National Boy Scout Headquarters and the WPB Salvage Division in order to offset a decline expected in waste paper collections during the late summer months. Boy Scouts can strike a real blow for victory by par ticipating as fully and effectively as possible in the collection of waste paper, which, Chairman Nelson says, is still the No. 1 war material short age in the United States. An average of 667,000 tons of waste paper a month must be collect ed 1 and moved to paper mills in order to meet the paper requirements for military and essential civilian needs. o SOME NEW SCHOOL BUSES AT LAST After almost total lack of new school buses for two years, WPB approved a 1944 production quota of 5,000, of which more than 2,400 al ready have been released to schools 1 where new buses are needed to pre ] vent absences and replace unsafe equipment, the Office of Defense Transportation reports. —o Because of the acute paper short age in England, both the British and Foreign Bible Society and the Amer ican Bible Society, which usually print in England, are having large editions of French, Czechoslovakian, Rumanian and Serbian scriptures printed in Sweden. This is part of a program of SBOO,OOO worth of Bible printing which the British Society has earmarked for ,postwar Europe. Meanwhile the Netherlands Bible So ciety reports the largest sales in its 30 years of Bible publication. It is reported that 75,000 Bibles, 90,000 New Testaments, and 40,000 portions of the scriptures were printed and circulated in the Netherlands last year. War Labor Board procedural rules have been tighteend to resist attacks on the Little Steel Formula and to insure against snarling u<p decisions of WLB, which are intended to pre vent “labor leaders" from throwing the National industrial and econo mic conditions out of balance. •• • • Confusion Nine tenths of the items about the | failures of war production appearing lin metropolitan newspapers are un supported by facts that are furnish ed by officials of the Government. There have been some slumps—but bo major failures. .i. .. . .i TAX REFUND DUE HOME OWNERS UNDER PROPOSED AMENDMENT More than 15,000,000 home own ers who dwell in the homes they own would receive over $317,000,000 in income tax allowances each year un der the terms of a bill which has been introduced by representative Fred A. Hartley of New Jersey. Because of a hitherto overlooked inequity in the Federal tax laws, a home owner who rents his dwelling may deduct from his gross income on his Federal income tax return a sum equal to three per cent of the value of his house for depreciation, while the resident home owner is al lowed no such deduction. Thus the home owner whose fam ily occupies the premises, and who 'Plans on giving his family roots in a neighborhood is unfairly penalized, Representative Hartley points out in the August issue of House Beautiful magazine. Expressing confidence his measure will be enacted into law, Hartley de clared thalt every Congressman with whom he had discussed the matter has agreed the discrimination against the resident home owner is unfair. "Most students of real estate tax ation believe the regulation is an oversight, pure and simple, in the original law,” he said. “It Just never has been corrected because nobody thought enough about it.” “Our government encourage s home ownership as a means to bet ter citizenship, and has set uip some fine agencies to help increase the number of citizens who have a stake in their communities, their counties, their states, and, indeed, the whole nation. “Every added burden put upon home owners is a discouragement to home-owning.” In order to right the wrong, Hart ley urged home owners throughout the country to write their Congress man, urging enactment of the mea sure (H.R. 3886) which is now be fore the House Ways and Means Committee. o STATE’S YOUTH ENROLL IN VEGETABLE CONTEST Young vegetable growers from four communities in Maryland have enrolled in the fourth annual Nation al Junior Vegetable Growers’ Associ ation production and marketing con test, Prof. Grant B. Snyder, of Mass achusetts State College, advisory chairman of the organization, an nounces. The state’s contestants are compet ing for a SSOO national champion ship, a S2OO regional award, ten SIOO sectional scholarships and two $25 war bonds provided the associa tion by the Great Atlantic and Paci fic Tea Company, Prof. Snyder said. The winners will be decided on the basis of the efforts made by contest ants on studies of vegetable produc tion and marketing methods, on their vegetable projects and in community activities. “The importance of more efficient vegetable production and marketing ’ is gaining substantial interest among our coming generation of farmers,’ Prof. Snyder said. “This is clearly indicated by the increased enroll ment in our contest which this year includes boys and girls from 44 fitates.” Among those enrolled in the con test are boys and girls from Oldtown, Street, Darlington and Walkersville. o PLENTIFUL FOODS DURING AUGUST Foods espiected to be plentiful throughout most of the country dur ing August, according to the War Food Administration, are fresh toma toes, fresh peaches, peanut butter, citrus marmalade, canned green and wax beans, frozen vegetablees, fro zen baked beans, dry-mix. and dehy drated soups, oatmeal, wheat flour and bread, macaroni, spaghetti, noodles, and soya flour, grits and ; ilakes. Q STORIES OF TWO HARVESTS ; Many of the German prisoners of . war captured in Normandy have vol i unteered to help with the harvest in ! Great Britain, according to a BBC broadcast reported to the Office of War Information. Inexperie need workers are paid six pence a day and experienced workers, one shilling. The broadcast also reported a story about the harvest in northern Italy, where the facts were quite different. Italian patriots drove the German occupation troops from one village and captured the entire harvest, which was already for shipment to Germany. SHAW APPOINTED MILKWEED CHAIRMAN Edward M. Davis, chairman of the Maryland Milkweed Collection Com mittee, has named S. B. Shaw, Col lege Park, State supervisor for the campaign to collect milkweed pods for life jackets for the nation’s arm ed forces. Shaw recently retired from the position of chief of the State. Bureau of Markets. o ■■ ■ ■ DRIVE TO DEVELOP CAR POOLS A new drive opened August Ist, to insure maximum development of car pools, as an important aid to conservation of automobiles, gaso line and tires. The War Price and Rationing Boards are instructed to issue only temporary 30-day rations to applicants who have no car pool ing or ride-sharing agreement, and if no such plan is worked out, unless a; plicant proves it to be Impossible in bis case, no further gasoline ra tions are to Uelffued, - ■ —■ * ... I Do War Work I I In Your Ov/n Kitchen 1 i minrn Food is a weapon of war. The more food we grow and preserve at home, the more food we shall have for war needs. So do your patriotic duty . . . CAN! To help you with your canning program, we have prepared a complete canning guide with instructions on how to sterilize jars . . . types of lids and rubbers to use . . . methods of packing and processing . . . and rules for successful canning. This book contains also tried and tested recipes for preserves and relishes. You can get your free copy of VICTORY CANNING at I VictoryCanninjl our office. Just ask for it. I | Conowingo I I Power Company I Do Not Waste Electricity Just | I Because It Is Not Rationed | If GREATER FIRE PROTECTION ON NATION’S FARMS The war has helped point up the value of greater fire protection on the nation’s farms. Every year millions of dollars of necessary machinery, buildings and stock go uip in smoke, offering a serious threat to full food produc tion. According to the Gypsum Associa tion, which has enlisted alongside the government to help prevent fire destructiveness in agricultural areas, failure to utilize existing fireproofing safeguards is among the causes of quite a number of the country s farm fires. The average farm dwelling has only a minimum of fire prevention features, association officials assert ed. A few comparatively inexpensive preventive measures at the time of building, or installed later, and cau tion in the use and care of inflam mable materials should greatly re duce the loss of property and life, they explained. “Information gathered by the gov ernment shows that a clear apace of 150 feet between important struc tures is goodi insurance against ig nition by heat radiated from large fires. Heat* from a barn filled with hay, for example, will fire a building at a distance of less than 50 feet, and may even occur at 100 feet or more.” Laying the cause of cluttered farm structures to a desire to save time in daily chores, the association cited that the increased fire hazards often wipe ouit the accumulated profits of years. Brush or grass fires may be guard ed against by a strip of clean sod or a few freshly plowed furrows at the season when these fires usually oc cur. PICTORIAL. REVIEW IN STREAM LINED DRESS The Pictorial Review section of the Baltimore Sunday American now comes to you in new streamlined dress, with more features, more pic tures in COLOR, than ever before. See the bright new Pictorial Review, distributed every week with the BALTIMORE SUNDAY AMERICAN Order From Your Newsdealer o Pacific ground gains are called im pressive, but they don’t begin to com pare with all the water we’ve cap tured. Norway has paid her debt to the Baited States, Bttt she’s still waiting to do the same to the'NaSis. COUNTY AGENTS ASSIST BOTH FARMERS AND NON-FARMERS The annual reports of county ag ents and home demonstration agents indicate the extent to which they are serving the people of the state in helping them to meet their food pro duction goals and with other war .ime problems, says Dr. T. B. Symons director of the University of Mary land extension service. One significant change as compar ed with former years, he points out, is the large increase in number of aon-farm people that have been serv ed. This is largely the result of help given to people in urban distriot and small towns who had victory gardens and in the canning and preserving of farm and garden products. The gents have helped also in many war time programs affecting all the peo ple, such as salvage campaigns, war bond sales, and the like. The extension agents made 22,04 5 visits to 11,650 different farms and homes in connection with their work in 1943. A total of 115,273 people called at their offices and 106,461 made telephone calls regarding farm and home problems on which they sougt the aid of the agents. The num ber of telephone calls is considerably larger than in former years, indicat ing that limitations on travel have caused greater use of the telephone. Local newspapers have -always bee<n of great help in disseminating information quickly and at times when it was most useful. In 1943, the local papers published 4,841 ar ticles by the extension agents. Extension teaching has always been based to a large extent upon demonstrations, in which the meth ods advocatedi are shown in actual practice. Wartime conditions cur tailed this method of teaching to some extent, but the agents conduct ed 5,789 demonstrations in 1943, with a total attendance of 108,396. They participated in 4,197 other meetings of an extension nature, which were attended by 135,448. Dr. Symons makes particular ref erence to the valuable work of local leaders throughout the state. They multiply the effectiveness of the ag ents and have been of untold assist ance during the wartime emergency. CUT FIRE WOOD TO SAVE COAL Every extra cord of fire wood American farmers supply for fuel can save from one-half to a ton of coal, WPB advises. Coal supplies this year will be short.and vitally needed by essential war Industries. From ttlrantte the German revolt HHMTt look‘too revolting.