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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL
PMLIIHBD ITBHT FRIDAY MORNING BY brob. MBW iti oflon coturn kuylaid Entered u Baoond Clue Matter at Poet Office la Rising Baa, Maryland Under Act of Congress •( March I, IST! lADIFMSBNT IK POLITIC* AlfD ALL OTHER SUBJECTS TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION OKI YEAR, in ADVANCE .... *1.50 ■IX MONTHS .... - SI.OO THREE MONTHS ..... -50 ■INGLE COPY, S CENTS ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION - I ~ . T— * l i.<c-a Advertising Representative , I Foreign Advertising Representative IHh 5 WERTAM PRESS ASSfCATION j TTHE AMERICAN r RESS ASSOCIA i lON FRIDAY, MARCH 2, 1948 WHAT DOBS FREEDOM MEAN? When we boast of freedom in the United States, we mean a freedom that is gone. How can there be free dom when a labor union, upheld by the courts, can prevent a man from carrying on his daily work because he refuses to pay an arbitrary assess ment of one dollar for political pur poses which are contrary to his be liefs? Witness Cecil B. DeMille! Previous to the DeMille case, the musicians’ union defied the War La bor Board and the President, and prevented phonographic recordings until the transcription companies were forced to surrender and pay a tax on each record (millions of dol lars annually) into the union trea sury, not to the musicians them selves. Antitrust suits against the union were dismissed; by the courts on the grounds of lack of jurisdic tion. It is high time the anti-trust laws were amended to cover union re straint of trade and freedom to work. The right to work, free from finan cials assessments, should; be as sacred as the right to go to church without buying a ticket. - -o 4 SHADES OF THE UNITED STATES Agentine, that troublesome neigh bor to the south of us who persistent ly leans toward the trappings of die tatorship in preference to the institu tions of democracy, has now decreed that there shall be no more chain stores in the Argentine. According to reports, the organization of new chain store companies is prohibited, pending the drafting of new regula tions, and present chains are forbid den to open additional outlets or make any change in the premises of existing stores without special per mission. Shades of the U. S.! This particular piece of tyranny is not a copy of Germany or Japan. It prob ably was imported from the statute books of some of our own states. Possibly it came from currently pro posed, anti-chain legislation in Con gress itself. FIRE INSURANCE During the first ten years of this century, the premium rate per SIOO of fire insurance averaged $1.15. In the next decade, it $1.07; from 1920-29, it averaged 96 cents; and from 1930-39, 74 cents. The average cost of fire insurance for the last five years—66 cents—represents a de cline of 40 per cent from the aver age cost of this type of property pro tection which prevailed at the begin ning of the 1920’5. A large part of the reason for this spectacular decline in the cost of fire insurance can be tracedi to the fire prevention activities of the insurance companies themselves. They estab lished the laboratories and research centers, and developed the trained in vestigators that today forestall much of the menace of fire in homes, fac tories and military establishments throughout the land'. They have been the impelling force behind the draw ing up of building codes and fire or dinances in thousands of cities and towns. Few industries have a history of achievement and public service to match that of fire insurance. As a leading financial publication points out, it “unquestionably represents one of our most vital businesses, pro tecting the homes and possessions of almost every family in the nation against many kinds of loss and pro viding funds for quick restoration of production and jobs in enterprises that are damaged by fire.” CIVILIANS AT WAR The Government needs and asks its citizens in this 168th week of the war to: 1. Hold series “A” bonds (the “baby bonds” that went on sale in 1935) and reinvest the proceeds when they begin maturing March Ist. War bonds offer the same interest — $4 for every $3 invested. 2. Look for dollar and cents price ceilings posted in your shoe repair shop. Such services are now under OPA control. 3. Place specific orders now for fertilizers and insecticides for farms and victory gardens. Transportation and manpower shortages may ser iously delay deliveries. 4. Use V-mail and help share over seas cargo space. Shipments of whole blood and typhus vaccine urgently need the plane facilities V-mail will save. Army pipes are urged to end drought. Civilians might find them i useful in the cigarette shortage. i SPEEDING SHELLS TO THE FOE By J. E. Jones Washington, D. C., Feb. 26—When nearly 10,000,000 rounds of cannon and mortar shells were hurled at the Germans over the first three-month period following D-Day last June, America discovered that it takes a lot of man-hours back home just to keep the boys overseas shooting. America’s industries have taken the challenge on “putting out” and are stepping up to the job. . Shell production has been spread over the country into plants that never handled that sort of thing be ore. General Motors, for example, aas widened its shell output program by expansion to a Chevrolet plant at St. Louis, a Fisher Body plant at .rand Rapids, Michigan, and in the Pontiac division at Pontiac, Michi gan. The Oldsmobile division of GM .ias been a major contributor in shell production since 1941. These plants expanded in a hurry .hen it became evident that there ,vas going to be a shell shortage. At Irand Rapids volume production was gained within four months of recep. ion of the original letter of intent, Chevrolet started making hells before the buildings for the op ration were even finished. Pontiac ,vas 275 per cent ahead of its Cou rnot schedule in December, while ihevrolet was doing three times the olume estimated in advance for that nonth. The acceleration is so effec ive that the product is being deliv ered to the Germans, via the muzzles >f our guns, in less than a month from the time of its manufacture. ** * * Minority Rule It will take a good deal more than :he waft of political wands to insure JO million jobs, which is the number President Roosevelt estimates must >e filled. The farm pbpulation at the leginning of the war exceeded 30 million —that’s by all odids the lar gest group of workers. There is no tart of our population more rooted o their homes and their jobs than farm folks. Exidently the President included these 30 million in his job sstimates. That’s all right—but this jlassification are not job-hunters. The CIO and the AFofL claim to speak for more than 12 million mem bers and UMW shows up with solid blocs of coal miners every time new wage agreements are made between employers and employes. Assuming that we have 13 million Union mem bers in the three groups, the statis tics show union members in the man ufacturing business in normal times ire far below 13 million. Where are they? Or, are they? Then, why “clear with Sidney” the lemands of the CIO for higehr wages, md repeal the Smith-Connally Act? Why raise the “wage freeze” of the National War Labor Board, simply because AFofL objects —on the ground that “the Government finds .hat its own rigid regulations are op itructing the war effort.” The AFofL recently stated that it had appealed to President Roosevelt to “issue an Executive order revising the Little Steel Formula, so that wage rates can be restored to equitable relation ship with the increasing living costs.” Apparently the big labor unions epresent a large minority of Ameri an workers, but their situation should not oversadow every other consideration, with the management of the principal industries taking the raps. ** * * Speeding Up Peace Policies There is a general opinion in Washington that programs regarding permanent peace will eventually “come through,” and that the Big Three Governments must and will come to better understandings than now appear to exist, regarding final matters. But wise Mark Sullivan, one of the greatest columnists of cur limes, expresses the fear that “Mili tary Russia” proposes to subordinate Poland and other conquered coun ries in a plan that he says “means extension of Communist influence Westward . . .and there will be in! every mind a question whether Rus sia's ideology follows her flag.” The situation is full of dangers ahead. But let’s be optimists—for a hange. ** * * Legion Opposed To Race Hatred Two news items that appeared on the same day recently provide an il uminating contrast between Ameri an and Japanese thinking. One told f a Japanese submarine’s sinking . n American ship and machine.gun ,ing the helpless crew as they man-: ted the lifeboats. The other was a re- | quest by National Commander Ed- i ward N. Scheiber ling of the Americas ' i *v4- u V’ THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, MARCH 2, 1048 1945 MARCH 19451 SUN MOW TUI WED [THUR HI SAT 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 125126 27 28129|30|31l STATE TO PAY $2,314,130 ANNNALLY towards public SCHOOL BETTERMENT PROGRAM Governor O’Conor Will Increase Budget For Education To $22,401,201 Governor Herbert R. O’Conor will provide an all-time record total of *22,491,210 for the Public School System of the State in the 194 0-4 7 State Budget, it was announced at Jie State House. This newest “hike” in the overall school budget will be necessitated, Governor O’Conor announced, by the State’s participation, to the extent of an additional $2,314,130 per year, in financing to implement the now school betterment program of 12- years’ free education for every stu dent in the State, smaller classes and inerased pay for teachers, to which the Governor gave his full approval several months ago. As against the State’s contribution of $2,314,130 to make the new pro. gram effective, the 23 counties’ and Baltimore City will be required to oapply the remaining $1,779,079 an nually, Governor O’Conor made known. The budget now before the Legis lature contains recommendations by the Governor for an appropriation of $17,862,850 of State funds for the Public Schools in the next two years, itself the largest amount ever allotted lor this purpose. With the additional amount for the school betterment program included, Ihe total budget for the two years ; will show an increase of $6,741,4 7 2 i over the 1944-45 appropriation of ■ $15,749,738. The greatest part of the additional iu.inds to be appropriated, $3,843,21 0 ! each year, would be for the purpose of increasing the teachers’ salary schedule, Governor O’Conor empha - siz. Ji. Legislative proposals to effec. i tuate the new program will provide i for a continuation of bonus payments teachers are receiving from; local po litical subdivisions, as a requirement it the counties are to receive this ad ditional State aid. 1 Figures revealed by Governor ! O’Conor show that there are 9,194 teachers at present engaged in teach ing in the State’s Public School Sys ! tern. One of the important aims of 1 the new O’Conor program will be to * increase the number of such teachers * so that the average attendance ai I < lasses in the elementary grades may 1 be kept at not more than 35 pupils. ; The sum of $250,000, all of which is ' to be contributetd by the State, will 1 j be provided as the initial cost of this effort to reduce classroom population, ' as well as for the equalization of the ’ salaries of colored school supervisors. * Under the financing plan drawn up by a committee of education officials 1 State fiscal officers, representatives of < the County Commissioners’ groups of ' the Eastern and Western Shores and ’ members of tthe Senate and House of - Delegates, counties now sharing the 5 equalization fund would be required ' to raise their levies for school pur poses from 51 cents to 56 cents per * SIOO. Under the equalization plan, ’ counties which levy this 5 6 cents and fail to realize enough revenue to car ! ry the State’s minimum school pro gram are privileged to draw the * amount needed from the equalization 5 fund. The additional allocations of funds ‘ for educational purposes by Governor 1 O'Conor will place Maryland among 1 the very first States of the nation, i '■ was said at the State House, in th ! proportion of general fund monies - devoted to the Public School System. Furthermore, it is asserted, the total 1 out.ay for the Public School System ■ in the next two years under Governor 1 O’Conor will be nearly double to the highest amount provided for this purpose in any biennial State Budget I prior to the O’Conor administration. / sked to write an essay on the life I I of f iertjamin Franklin., a little girl j ,! wrote this gem: “He was born in ! Eos.on, traveled to Philadelphia, met . a lady on the street, she laughed at | him, he married her and discovered t electricity.”—Wichita, Kens., Demo -1 crat. i o A United States senator says of marketing cooperatives: “Through 1 cooperative effort a thousand 1 small farms can pool their interests and I thereby perform the services that I I might otherwise be done by a single I corporation, while at the same time | they preserve their sense of owner ship and full responsibilty upon 1 which sound and stable government itself depends.” The senator’s comment illustrates the basic purpose of the marketing cooperative, which seeks to build in dividual enterprise that operates for a reasonable profit. Legion that the Legion Post at Hood | River, Oregon, take steps to restore : to that community’s honor roll the | names of 15 American soldiers of i Japanese ancestry which the post had 1 caused to be painted out. ALL IS NOT GOLD THAT GLITTERS Under “Public Opinion” and the sub-title “Rum and Coca Cola”, In the last issue of the Whig, we were told that the public Is confused about the Dispensary Bill, because of the clamor raised l by the liquor dealers, etc. The Cecil Delegation In the Leg islature has received over 400 letters of protest, and approximately 2000 persons have likewise voiced their protest against a Dispensary System by signing Petitions to that effect. These are responsible citizens—vot ers and taxpayers and entitled to be heard. The Bill does not in the least help the question of control of alcoholic beverages, or law enforcement. It will bring about bootlegging of legal whiskey, when the stores are closed. We donlt want that. As to the sale of liquor in grocery stores, w-here children are sent, and the article referred to, gives an un fair insinuation that rum and coca cola are sold there to children, min ors cannot purchase alcoholic bever ages in the stores, hotels or else where When we dine out with our families in hotels or restaurants, li quor is served openly, so the Dispen sary cannot prevent children from seeing sold or served. To entice support for this Bill, we are told that the profits will help the taxpayers. Profits in Kent County are ited and “The Kent News is quoted. Yet another Kent paper, “The Enter prise,” under the title “Gilding the Pill” takes issue; and states: Frankly we doubt very much if ihere was a net profit in 1944—hard ly as much as $12,000. Buit that is the Kent News story—not ours!” Un der their law the county gets two ihirds andl four towns where the stores are located, one-third. Yet their mayors were told they might ex pect some benefit at the end of 19 45, but that “There was no net profit in 1944.” The proposed bill only authorizes the borrowing of $15,000 to start the county in the liquor business. It wc.lld require SIOO,OOO, and where will they get it? Besides, liquor is getting scarce again, and where will hey get it? Don’t expect any relief in reduction f taxes from profits. The history of dispensaries in other counties shows .hat the taxpayers got no relief. The more money they had, the more they spent. Now as to that “Srhall but noisy minority ought not to be allowed to ’'.ill this Bill,” — two thousand pro estants, with more coming, can’t be ignored. And this, in a little over a week. They don't want our people’s busi ness or property confiscated without just pay. They don’t want Cecil County in the Liquor business, nor do they want Government in any kind of business except Government. There is no confusion in the minds of our people—they don’t want a dis pensary, nor do they want to be part ners in one. E. D. E. ROLLINS HUSBANDS AND WIVES TAX EXEMPTION In response to numerous inquiries arising from new provisions of the individual income tax law relating to . exemptions for husbands and wives, . and the income of minors, Joseph D. iVainan, Jr., Commissioner of Internal : Revenue, has made the following statement: “Husband and Wife Exemptions— The new law requires that if a hus_ I band and wife file separate returns, each must take liis own exemptions on his or her own return. The exemp tions of both can be claimed on the same return only if (a) they file a joint return, or (b) if one of them had no taxable* income and w r as not dependent of another taxpayer. In applying this rule to wives of men in ’ the armed forces, it should be borne in mind that the tax laws exempt and ..isregard the first $1,500 of active service pay received each year by a member of the armed forces. The re sult is that the average member of | the armed forces has no taxable in come, in which case his surtax exemp ‘ lion can be claimed by his wife. “Income of Minors—The new law provides that the earnings of child, ren shall be considered to bolong to the children, and not to their parents for purposes of the federal income tax. As a result, minors who had , SSOO or more income last year must file income tax returns the same as adults. Therefore, parents need: no longer include in their own income tax returns the earnings of their children.” WHERE THE POCKET KNIVES GO The mystery of where that pocket knife you wanted to buy has gone is cleared up by an announcement of WPB. To meet the urgent need of bomber crews, ski troopers, sailors, and other members of the armed for ces for pocket knives, employment In the pocket knife Industry must be ex panded to a point that will permit production in the first half of 1945 of approximately 5,000,000 pocket knives per quarter, WPB said. Each pocket knife is a miniature engineer, ing project. Making the simplest type of knife requires about 40 separate operations, while a more complicated four-bladed knife, containing some 20 pieces, requires about 100 opera tions. o Candidate: “How did you like my speech on the agricultural situation and problems last nisht?" Farmer: "Wasn't bad, but a good day's rain would do a lot |9d4i" CHILDREN— a* Don’t forget our invitation to have your pictures published in this paper. Remember, it costs you nothing. Be sure to call on the photographer with one of your parents during the hours mentioned below. We want no one to be dis appointed. Remember too, to tell your folks that adults and family groups will be taken and proofs submitted free of charge, although they will not be published. We are having Woltz Studios take your pictures expressly for this Community Features However, your parents must txamine proofs to select the pose they prefer us to print, and, It that time, they can arrange to get additional photograph* trom the Studio representative if they wish. HERE IS THE TIME AND PLACE Recreation Room, Fire House, Rising Sun, Md. Tuesday, March 6, 1945, 1:00 to 8:00 P. M. INCOME TAX DEDUCTIONS ALLOWED MOTORISTS A list of deduction from income tax the motorist may claim—and a ist of items he can’t —is made pub lic by the Keystone Automobile Club nhich reports more interest in deduc tible items this year than ever before oecause of the heavy tax burden im posed by the war. The following deductions are al towable whether an automobile is sed for business or pleasure: (1) State gasoline taxes in all tates except Alabama, California, 'lorida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Utah, and Wyoming. (2) Interest on mon ay borrowed in purchasing car. (3) tdcense fees, including driver’s li . ense. (4) Loss and damage to tax isayer’s own car, due to casualty and aot compensated by insurance, (a) Due to faulty driving of taxpayer or -tiler person operating automobile, 1' not due to willful act or negli gence. (b) Caused by faulty driving f driver of car collided with. (5) ioss and damage not compensated >y insurance, from fire or theft. The following items are deductible only if the automobile is used in bus. ness or the production of income and such items of expense may be prorat d if the car is also <used for pleasure: Chauffeur’s salary; cost of automo bile worn out in year; depreciation, federal use tax, garage rent, gaso line, insurance, judgment for dam ages due to negligent driving, loss on sale of automobile, oil, repairs; truck tires, life less than one year. The following items are not deduc tible: Federal gasoline tax; accident damages paid resulting from opera- I tion of pleasure car; cost of new au- | omobile (unless business car is worn out within year); defending damage suit for negligent driving of pleasure car; travel between home and busi ness; finance charges; fines for viola ting traffic laws; loss on trade-in. Gasoline taxes deductible by the consumer are four cents per gallon in Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary land; three cents in New Jersey and the District of Columbia, and five cents in Virginia. “Taxpayers.” the Club statement says, “should not deduct the total cost of gasoline used in a business car as an expense of the business and at the same time take a separate de duction for the state gasoline tax. "A motorist holding only an “A” gasoline ration card received during i 044 approximately 95 gallons of gasoline. On the assumption that all of this was used for non-business purposes, he would be entitled to a deduction in the four cent tax states or *3.80. “A basic ‘B’ card permitted 13 5 gallons coupons per quarter, or 65 gallons, or 260 gallons for the year. Whether the motorist would be ne titled to deduct the total cost of the gasoline depends on whether or not he used it in a business. If he merely used it for occupational purposes, that is, getting back and forth from work, the only deduction to which he would be entitled would be the State gasoline tax. “ ‘C’ coupons were likewise for 5 gallons but there is no way of deter mining the number of coupons issued to ‘C’ card holders, because that var ied greatly, based on many different factors.” FARM FIRES Farm fires last year consumed buildings worth approximately 85,- 000,000 dollars, took the lives of 3,500 rural people and left thousands homeless without furnishings or equipment and without sight of the day when adequate replacements could be secured. In addition to a treaty about air. plan landing rights with Iceland, we | seem to have made a lead-lease deal BILL TO CURTAIL DOUBLE TAXATION INTRODUCED Delegate Bertram L. Boone, 11, representing Baltimore’s Fifth Dis trict in the General Assembly, has introduced a Bill to prevent the State of Maryland from collecting a .ax on part of the money Marylanders pay the Federal government. Under the law as it stands today, Maryland income tax payers are not allowed to deduct the amount they pay in Federal income tax. Money paid lor certain other Federal taxes may be deducted, but not the amount paid in Federal income tax. This re_ suits in a tax on a tax, which is gen erally regarded as objectionable. Delegate Boone issued the follow ing statement clarifying the situation and explaining his position, when he introduced his Bill. "It may not be generally known, but the peopie of Maryland pay their State a tax on the money they pay the Federal government in taxes. “Take the case of a worker with a $2,000 taxable income. Before he re ctives his pay, S4OO has been taken out for Uncle Sam. Thus, he actually receives only $1,600. But when he pays his State income tax, he is tax ed lor the full $2,000. He has to pay a tax to Maryland on the S4OO he paid the Federal government. This is a striking example of a tax on a tax, and it works an injustice to the tax payer. “In 1943, the Maryland Genera! Assembly passed a law exempting from State taxation what was then called the 5 % Victory Tax, or the first pay roll tax. Since then, the Vic tory Tax has been supplanted by the | Federal 20% or 23% pay roll tax. | After the Victory Bax was changed by the Federal government, our sta tute exempting the Victory Tax from State taxation naturally became in effective and has been repealed. In >iew of the above condition, I have introduced a Bill, which will exempt double taxation on the amount of money formerly paid as Victory Tax.” HOUSEHOLD FATS TO RESCUE Homemakers of town and farm are again asked by the War Food Admin istration to come to the rescue of a wartime program. WFA states that it is looking largely to the people in ag ricultural areas to increase the quan tity of salvaged fats this year to the 250,000,000 pounds needed to meet United States militay, industrial and civilian requirements. Last year housewives turned in 170,000,000 pounds. M. L. Wilson, director of the Extension Service has called upon all State directors of the service to enlist the aid of their field forces in helping to speed the drive for used fats turned in from rural areas. WFA advises and asks all housewives to keep a tin can in handy spot in which to pour used cooking fats. When the can is full the fat—can and all— should be taken to the local market where the butcher or grocer will pay two red points and up to four cents a pound for every pound turned in. Salvaged fats are used to help make munitions, medicines, synthetic rub ber, military and civilian soaps, par achutes and a score of other wartime necessities. CHRISTIAN SCIENCE SERVICES "Christ Jesus” will be the subject of the Lesson-Sermon in all Churches of Christ, Scientist, on Sunday, March 4. The Golden Text will be from Isaiah 11:1—“There shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots.” Among the citations comprising the Lesson-Sermon will be the follow ing from the Bible—John 14:1 “Let not your heart be troubled; ye believe in God, believe also in me.” o "British Abandon Balloons" —* feangiias. Airplanes art tutor.