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y[ l * k • <-: ' : 4•3&- ■'<£&'*$$ ;&<4p • ■}&&£&§/ &. • 'TO °" - ~t' j|J|pF i 8 fjjjw M Jj||ll |j|. ;. *.. ■■Ms : j'Cs&> •-i-ggfjK., JjLjilk : m\< ||||El||||F?y <%* jl®' . • . 5 y ~% - - < " w, <g < \ ,: Through the Red Cross the American people serve the men of their Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. Electric Gyroscope Secret Of the Automatic Pilot Superiority of a robot pilot over a human pilot in holding a plane on its course and in correcting for de viations from straight and level flight has been demonstrated by avi ation engineers of General Electric. Using a hook-up of an automatic pilot with a Link trainer, they showed that in a long, straight-line flight it will not deviate from its set course more than one-half of one degree and that it will correct the plane’s attitude, when it is off-line, more quickly and accurately than a human pilot. The automatic pilot is being used to provide relief for the human pilot by taking over the con trols and maintaining a course he sets. In doing so, it relieves him of the physical duty of controlling the flight and will hold the airplane on a steadier course than he can by hand. “Secret of the speedy, accurate performance of the robot pilot is an electrical gyroscope, which acts as the ‘brains’ of the system,” accord ing to engineers. “Any pitch, roll or yaw—that is, lengthwise or cross wise tilt or turn —produces an elec tric signal in the gyroscope. This, in turn, is amplified and converted into mechanical power which moves elevators, ailerons and rudder to bring the airplane back to its cor rect attitude and course.” City of Tomorrow Has No Main Street Main Street, U.S.A., had its curb lifted in Linda Vista, Calif., with shrubs and lawns on its principal thoroughfare replacing the honking automobile. This modem Shangri La boasts no cars on Main Street. Correcting the usual evils of Main street, designers routed traffic around the district in stead of through it. Stores face in ward on a court, in which children can romp safely, for there are no cross streets. In the court, covered walks en courage window shopping, even in rain, and keep the sun off show win dows filled with perishable merchan dise. There are benches to sit on, flowers, shrubbery and trees—all where Main street would normally be. Parking space behind the stores, calculated on Linda Vista’s popula tion, is ample. Facing all stores on the court gives all merchants an equal chance to attract customers. All locations are equally valuable, and corners are no longer best. Wood Product Removal of military restrictions on certain information has enabled the U. S. Forest Products laboratory at Madison, Wis., to announce an other laboratory improved wood— staypak. Staypak is a heat-stabilized high-density product made by com pressing e'ither solid wood or many layers of thin veneers. The material contains no resin except, in the case of the laminated product, normal amounts of resin adhesive to bond the veneers during pressing. Stay pak was originally conceived as a stabilized wood specialty material that would have the same general characteristics as resin-treated com pressed wood (compreg)—another Forest Products laboratory im proved wood—plus the virtue of toughness. o Operators give coal assurances to industry. Elver try to heat your house with assurances? Business, says an economist, must lid tbs nation. Sure, but what U Clean Undergarments The potential siren may be under the impression that since black doesn’t show dirt, she can cut down on the frequency of lingerie launder ing. That is where she is wrong. Black or white or tearose, body oils and perspiration attach themselves to underwear and have to be washed out. No girl who is truly dainty gives an “extra” wearing to a gar ment because its color doesn’t give away the number of wearings it already has had. Here is a washing tip for dark-hued under wear. Wash it before the first wear ing. Often there is excess dye on the surface which loosens when combined with body secretions and stains other clothing or the skin. Use plenty of lukewarm suds for washing, clear lukewarm water for rinsing. Greasy Drainpipe Always a source of annoyance to the busy housewife, the grease clogged drainpipe is more likely to give trouble in cold weather than in warm. Grease floating on the dish water or a sink clogged by accumu lated grease is not only a nuisance, but indicates that dishes and pans can be more carefully scraped be fore washing and the fat, so precious in wartime, saved, strained into cans, and turned into the butcher for salvage. Pouring boiling water down the drain every few months helps keep it in good condition by soften ing and carrying away the grease. Whenever a drain begins to “run slow,” boiling water should be used at once, and also, if possible, one of the rubber force cups on a han dle known as “plumber’s friend.” Swiss Navy Scratch off the ancient joke about the Swiss navy. There is a Swiss navy—but it consists of merchant ships, most useful ones, too—ten I ships all told. The Barcelona Inter national convention of 1921 granted landlocked Switzerland the right to have her own ships on the high seas. War conditions which restricted or stopped her use of the ships of other nations, forced her to take advan tage of her privilege. The ten ships operate under the protection of all belligerents, follow a prescribed course and their positions are re ported at stated intervals. Each ship prominently displays a big “SWITZERLAND” on the starboard side and a Swiss coat-of-arms on the deck. At night the ships are com pletely illuminated. Cleaning Spots It’s the usual thing to use water on all spots. But spots that contain grease, such as those made by mayonnaise and gravy, should first be cleaned with an absorbent which takes up the grease. On most kitch en shelves are good absorbents, such as cornmeal or other coarse grains. Once the grease has been removed, water can be used to dis solve the sugar or carbohydrates in the spots. For such purposes it is a satisfactory solvent. The grease solvent should always be used first, then the water. Since most food stains are a combination of fat and carbohydrate, it is best if you’re unsure of the content of the stain—to use a grease solvent. o Life gets tougher every day. Last week the nags quit running and now we’re warned not to speculate on when the war will end. The potato crop last year was 80,- 000,000 bushels short of the 1943 crop. As a result it is predicted that potatoes will become very scarce be li the new trot come* THE MtMAND JWCRNAL, FRIDAY, MARCH 2, 1945 I LOOKING] My AHEAD W&e4- *v GEORGE S. BENSON President—Harding College The Approach Planned Economy was advocated in Germany by a small group of the orists as long ago as 1880. The large mass of politically minded Germans considered them harmless cranks and toyed with their ideas abstract edly for all of ten years before they saw danger in them. People who were loyal to the old Germany and its ways learned suddenly that Planned Economy was gaining pop ularity. Serious consideration of Planned Economy started among conserva tive thinkers in Germany about half a century ago. Deliberate, Teutonic minds almost universally opposed the thought of manhandling econom ic laws which they recognized as natural laws, worthy of respect in any orderly society. Just the same, they saw in Planned Economy a powerful tool for rough work. Something Different. Fifteen or 20 years passed without much outward change. Planned Economy was still in the back ground. Everybody seemed con scious of it. More and more people admitted believing that parliaments had a right to enact written laws against the workings of competition as they understood it. In fact, every time a German became dissatisfied with conditions he thought about Planned Economy. Finally 1914 came, bringing World War I. Germany quickly went all out for Planned Economy. It was a shrewd political move. People reasoned feebly that open competi tion must cost something, and ac cepted the new order in the name of efficiency; to win the war. All in dustry went hurriedly under govern ment control, and the dreams of yes terday’s unpopular minority became the rule. Monopolies Thrived. Government managers eliminated new and growing industrial plants. Huge monopolies grew larger still. It was the easy way for government because a few big concerns are less trouble to manage than a large number of small ones. Competitors entered into cartels to hike prices and hide incompetence. They di vided markets like pies and traded customers as if they were sheep. Defeated in World War I, burdened with reparations, lame of manpow er, Germany took a still bigger dose of government control. By 1935 Hit ler was dictating to a race of con servatives who could still remember laughing at the economic planners and saying, “It can’t happen here.” Planned Economy had given way to National Socialism; in other words, plain dictatorship. Like a Drug-Habit. We have Planned Economy in America now, a powerful weapon for rough work such as we are doing. But Planned Economy is still a hab it-forming medicine. If America is to be prosperous again, this drug must be used sparingly. Rationing is effective if it’s necessary, poison ous if it’s not. Rationing, in its only safe form, is held to an irreduc ible minimum—not taken for effect. America’s defenders and her al lies must be fed. Also must the people at home understand that their government is still a power that’s friendly to them. Returning now to the easy rationing rules of last Sep tember and October would yield more support voluntarily than Hitler himself could get with his three speed machine: (1) Planned Econ omy, (2) Regimentation, (3) Dicta torship. Nicotine in Roots The nicotine in tobacco Is manu factured in the roots of the plant, Dr. Ray F. Dawson of the Univer sity of Missouri reported to the Na tional Academy of Sciences. Tomato tops were grafted upon tobacco plants and tobacco stalks were made to grow on tomato stocks in order to locate where the “kick” chemical in tobacco actually origi nates. Tobacco leaves and stems grown on tomato roots did not in crease in nicotine content and new leaves after the graft was made were nicotine free. When the graft was the other way around, the toma to leaves accumulated large quan tities of nicotine and even the stems and fruit had appreciable quantities. Windbreaks An average good windbreak in the northern plains region may save up to 25 per cent on fuel consumption during the winter if situated north of a house with average type of con struction and insulation, and if the house is located in a corner or near the junction of two shelterbelts which give protection from both north and west winds, a fuel sav ing of from 32 to 34 per cent can be expected, extension service foresters say. A house located in a grove with protection from all win ter winds can expect fuel savings up to 42 per cent. The tree belt must be reasonably close to the house to effect these savings. OWI gives France a new view of the United States. Looking up instead of down, perhaps. So much nicer for the boys to be fettiaf leftvtt then ftfclif shtß> "FARMER brown ts putting 20 CENTS OF EUERr WOOL VOUAR INTO HtM PONDS SO WE MUST TAKE CARE OF Capes for Spring Add Bond Sales ■ "* Capes are in the air for Spring short capes worn jauntily over a blouse and trim skirt. This version of the new silhouette features a navy and white checked wool cape— broad-shouldered and full-cut. The wool jersey blouse and slim, fly-front skirt are in navy, too. . Patterns at local stores. Put the dollars you save into War Bonds. U. S. Treasury Department I WAR BDNDS Jprlaßg Jin lap - jmam Signal Corps Photo Doughboys unloading projectiles on the European front to be hurled against the Nazi. War Bonds pay for these shells as well as establish savings for yodr needs ten years hence. Buy War Bonds. U. S. Treasury Department SUIT DOCKETED FOR DIVORCE Elmer Bruce Fink, through his counsel, Harry D. Barnes, of Elkton, has docketed suit in the Circuit Court at Elkton, for an absolute di vorce from his wife, Mrs. Eloise Jones Fink, on the grounds of deser tion and abandonment. The plaintiff alleges that they were married on Jan. 12, 1942, in Richmond, Va. He asks custody of their son, Bobby Bruce Fink. o The Federal Government predicts that supplies # of chicken meat for ci vilians will be about 165,000,000 pounds less this year than last, ac cording to word received by Univer sity of Maryland officials. Civilian consumption last year was 22.7 pounds per person, but this year it is i expected to be less than 20.5 pounds geraoa. E. KIRK BROWN, SOLICITOR ORDER OF PUBLICATION Margaret H. Herrick, Complainant vs. Creamer Herrick, Defendant In the Circuit Court for Cecil County, Equity Number 0285 The object of this Bill is to secure a decree divorcing the Complainant from the Defendant. The Bill states that the Complain ant and Defendant were married in Wilmington, Delaware, on September 23rd, 1914, and lived together until April 28th, 1928; that the Complain ant and Defendant have voluntarily lived separate and apart, without any cohabitation, tor more than five con secutive years prior to the filing of her Bill of Complaint, and the said separation is beyond any reasonable expectation of reconciliation; that one child was born to said marriage, Creamer Herrick, who is twenty eight years of age; that the Com plainant has resided in Cecil County for more than one year before the filing of this Bill, and that Defendant lives in Wilmington, Delaware, or elsewhere beyond the jurisdiction of this Courtffi the bill then asks for a decree divorcing the Complainant from the Defendant a vinculo matri monii, and for such other and further relief as her case may require. IT IS THEREUPON, this Bth day of February, 1945, by the CIRCUIT COURT OF CECIL COUNTY, IN EQUITY, ORDERED that the Com plainant caus eo copy of this order with the object and substance of the Bill to be inserted in some newspaper published in Cecil County once a week for four successive weeks, be fore the 12th day of March, 1945, giving notice to th eDefendanit, who is a non-resident of the State of Maryland, to appear in this Court either in person or by solicitor on or before the 29th day of March, 1945, to answer the premises and to abide by and perform such decree as may be passed herein. Ralph R. Crothers, Clerk. True Copy—Teste— Ralph R. Crothers, Clerk. MARYLAND MUSINGS Farm foreclosure sales in Mary land have been made on a descending scale, since 1932, with a slight in crease shown in 1943. The number of foreclosures per 1,000 farms, car rying mortgages have been: 1932, 22.3; 1933, 31.5; 1934, 22; 1935, 14.9; 1936, 15.4; 1937, 11; 1938, 9.5; 1939, 8; 1940, 8; 1941, 7.8; 1942, 2.4; and 1943, 3.6. Agricultur al economists at the University of Maryland point out that the present low rate of foreclosures reflects two things: 1. More and more farmers have recovered from, the drought years and from their financial diffi culties, some of which resulted from paying too much for farms and bor rowing too much money to do so dur ing and after the last war; and 2. The present high farm incomes are making it possible for most farmers to get and keep their debts in shape. Farmers are warned against buying farm land at prices far above the nor mal earning capacity of the farm to pay off. WOMAN HELD ON A CHARGE OF ARSON Gladys Staple, of Newark Del., was held under SI,OOO bail for the Court of General Sessions by Magis trate John H. Rumer on a charge of arson after Are destroyed the home of George Smith, 24 Race Street, in Newark. Smith, according to Magistrate Rumer, said S4OO in cash was de stroyed by the flames. He also suffer ed burns and lacerations while escap ing from the flames out a window and was sent to the Wilmington General Hospital. According to Sergt. Leroy C. Hill of the Newark police force, Smith told him the woman set fire to the house following a quarre). Damages were estimated at SI,OOO. The blaze was extinguished by the Newark Fire Company. o OLD AGE PENSIONS According to reports just released there are 230 beneficiaries receiving old age pensions in this county. The amouint paid to this group during December wu f 2.517.70. ■ ' — i BLACK MARKET REPORT Organized black markets in meat and sugar are reappearing in danger ous proportions in the United States, and their existence is dependent largely on counterfeiting of ration coupons, the Office of War Informa tion said on the basis of information provided by the Office of Price Ad ministration, U. S. Secret Service and the Alcohol Tax Unit of the Treasury Department. Fresh mushrooming of counterfeit activities constitutes the principal problem now confronting government enforcement agencies. Printing of bogus coupons has become wide. epread in the meat and sugar fields whereas it was formerly flagrant in the gasoline busineess, officials said. OPA executives said that the • il legal diversion of gasoline through counterfeit and stolen coupons has been almost stopped while organized black market activities in liquor have been virtually eliminated. They de nied the existence of any organized black market in cigarettes, claiming that “petty chiselers’’ are the chief supporters of this illicit market. Although Federal agencies have achieved considerable success in cop ing with organized black markets, they are increasing, not relaxing, their day-to-day vigilance against any new racketeering gangs which might try to spring up. Officials cited the harm done by the individual consumer who basically creates and perpetuates the demand for illegal or stolen coupons by his willingness to pay extra sums for more than his rationed share. They emphasized that the citizen’s willing ness to “chisel” induces the racket eer to take advantage of the result ant high profits, thus enabling the criminal to thrive and expand his ac_ tivities. Authorities emphatically said that counterfeiting, theft and illegal dis tribution of all types of ration cou pons constitutes one of the greatest menaces today. More than 1,000 persons were ar rested by special Treasury and OPA agents during 1944 for counterfeit activities. OPA also has imposed thousands of sanctions for violations of rationing regulations besides ob taining more than 5,000 convictions under criminal statutes. Injunctions and suspension orders likewise were used to check black marketing. o CARE, SHARE, REPAIR FARM MACHINERY' IS ADVISED With the production of farm ma chinery 25 per cent behind schedule, care, share and repair of what is on hand become increasingly important. The use of labor-saving equipment is strongly emphasized. J. R. Ward, farm machinery specialist at the Uni versity of Maryland urgest that each farmer repair such equipment as he now has and construct or convert ether equipment for this purpose. Repair parts are free from govern ment quotas, and should be in suffi cient quantity providing orders are placed with repair parts dealers im mediately. It is recommended that arrangements be made now to get necessary repairing done prior to the production season. Such arrange ments may be made with the local re pair man; with farm machinery re pair shops sponsored by county boards of education; in the home farm shop where facilities permit; or by cooperating with a neighboring farmer who has shop facilities. Many breakdowns of farm machin ery are caused by the lack of proper lubrication and the failure of the op erator to keep his machinery in pro per adjustment. A careful check should be made to safeguard against these two major problems. Get the old machine performing like new, and share its use with neighbors, suggests Ward. o 4-H COOKS TO USE HOME-GROWN FOODS TO LIMIT IN MEALS Legions of 4-H girl cooks tnrough out the nation will have the 1945 wartime objective of making the greatest possible use of home produc ed foods in preparing and serving wholesome, balanced meals to their families. This is reflected in the enrollment of roundly 170,000 club members in the current Servel 4_H Food Prepa ration Activity, in which they will also require knowledge of nutrition tl needs of various age groups, as well as in the wise selection of pur chased foods through a study of costs and rationing. Outstanding records of achieve ment in this activity are rewarded with silver medals to county winners, an all-expense trip to the 24th Na tional 4_H Club Congress in Chicago next December to each state’s cham pion, and S2OO college scholarship to the highest rating participant from each of the four extension sections, and two at large. Some idea of the participants’ achievements may be gained from the estimate that during the war years of 1942-45 the 4-H cooks prepared 40 million family meals, in addition to innumerable special dishes and school lunches. The activity is being conducted for the 11th consecutive year by the Ex tension Service of the State Agricul tural College and USDA cooperating. County extension agents will furnish full details. Last* year’s state winner in Mary land was Kathryn Rittenhouse, of Queen Anne. County winners weere named in Allegany, Caroline, Carroll, Kent, Montgomery, Washington and Balti more counties. Hitler’s hearing is impaired, but most of the trobule Is higher ug.