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The midland journal. (Rising Sun, Md.) 1885-1947, May 25, 1945, Image 7

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| WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS
Truman Warns Japs to Quit as
U.S. Shifts Weight to Pacific;
More Civilian Goods to Come
Released by Western Newspaper Union. -
t (EDITOR’S NOTE: When opinions are expressed In these columns, they are those ot
; Western. Newspaper Union's news analysts and not necessarily ol this newspaper.)
North Sea Boff/c Seci^—. I
j j
Flags identify Allied forces occupying German territory in accord
ance with postwar plans. In addition to Russia taking over the east, the
British the northwest, and the Americans the south, the French reportedly
are to occupy the Rhineland.
ONE FRONT:
Speedy Shift
Despite persistent reports of Jap
peace feelers, America is going full
speed ahead for an all-out war in
the Pacific following Germany’s un
conditional surrender, bringing the
European conflict to an end after
almost six years of the bitterest
fighting in history.
No sooner had Col. Gen. Gus
tav Jodi officially thrown in the
sponge for Germany on orders of
Fuehrer Karl Doenitz than the
American high command geared it
self for a shift to the Pacific, with
plans calling for retention of an
army of 6,968,000 and navy of
3,389,000; the transfer of many air
wings to the east to supple
ment Super-Fort raids on Japan, and
the shipment of almost 3,000,000
troops from Europe within a year.
At the same time, however, pro
vision was made for keeping 400,000
American troops in Germany to oc
cupy the southwestern part of the
country while the French take over
the Rhineland, the British the nofth
west and the Russians the east.
Way Out
Reading the handwriting on the
wall even while Germany was still 1
hanging on the
p|M| ropes, Jap business
men, seeing their
S' _ industries being re-
H§*F.sts‘p duced to rubble
■ -S' , 1 even before the
■ U. S. could throw
J|§ her full weight into
I the fray, reportedly
made indirect ap-
Tjill proaches for peace.
If such is Japan’s
Pres. Truman intent despite the
recent announce
ment of her government officials
about a fight to the finish, Pres.
Harry S. Truman was seen as offer
ing the Japanese an opportunity to
give up and still save face by his
detailed definition of “unconditional
surrender” in a V-E day statement.
Then, the President said:
“It (unconditional surrender)
means the end of the war.
“It means the termination of the
influence of the military leaders who
have brought Japan to the pres
ent brink of disaster.
“It means provision for the re
turn of soldiers and sailors to their
families, their farms, their jobs.
“It means not prolonging the pres
ent agony and suffering of the Japa
nese in the vain hope of victory.”
In shifting U. S. strength to the
Pacific, the services plan to ship
some construction, supply and main
tenance forces directly from the
European theater, while moving the
bulk over through this country.
Map Movements
Including some 1,000,000 troops
with extended combat records, who
are to be released along with the
wounded and overaged, the army
will bring 845,000 men home in the
first quarter after V-E day; 1,185,000
in the second, and 807,000 in the
third. Those who will be retained
for the Pacific war will be given a
30-day furlough, then reassigned for
duty.
Need for staggering the return of
troops from Europe stems from the
gigantic task of transferring equip
ment for the Pacific war. Ac
cording to estimates, from 60 to 75
HIGHLIGHTS • • • > the week’s news
United States shocks of corn, oats
and barley on farms, at terminal
markets, and government-owned on
April 1 totaled 47,700,000 tons, about
19 per cent more than a year earlier
and almost as large as the average
for the five preceding years, when
stocks were comparatively large.
Hie carryover of com next October
1 may a'mourit to 45D,9bff,00b & bOO,-
000,000 bushels.
per cent of materiel in Europe will
be fit for shipment to the Pacific
theater.
More Goods
Though war production will con
tinue to dominate U. S. industry
until the Japs quit, civilian output
|9||PPlfi||i proportion to the
jHf'' volume of material
u!& 18 anc * man P° wer freed
IPT A] from army cut
-11 tF 1 backs. About 1,500,-
it •'* vj workers prob
-1 ably will be re
%jPll leased by contract
• cancellations within
Mli ; " " the next six months,
1 War Mobilization
Director Fred Vin-
Fred Vinson son estimated, with
another 3,000,000 let
out after that, but all should find
ready employment in reconversion,
expansion and basic industries.
Washing machines, vacuum clean
ers, radios and furniture should be
available in limited quantities with
in a year, Vinson said, and some
automobiles should also come off
the assembly lines, though not
enough will be manufactured to
meet demands until 1948. With
textiles and leather continuing to re
main scarce until the Pacific war
ends, the government will push up
production of low-cost clothing and
non-rationed footwear.
With the nation’s food stocks be
low requirements, rationing will be
maintained, with meat, sugar and
butter in the tighest supply. With
civilian gas allotments up 100,000 to
How Discharge Plan Works
Over 100,000 men a month are
to be discharged under the
army’s separation system based
on vet’s credit of 85 points,
with 1 point for every month of
service since September, 1940;
1 point for every month of over
seas outside the V. S.; 5 points
for every combat award such as
the distinguished service cross,
the purple heart or battle partici
pation stars; and 12 points for
every dependent child under 18
up to a limit of three.
200,000 barrels daily, “A” and com
mercial card holders may be al
lowed smalll ration increases.
Though more tires may become
available, an acute shortage will
persist.
Allied Terms
Having vanquished Germany, the
Allies showed no disposition to soft
en up in the imposition of terms,
with extended military occupation
aimed at a close supervision of in
dustry, finance and government to
prevent a rebirth of militafism.
According to occupation plans, the
British have taken over the most
highly developed industrial terri
tory of Germany along with the im
portant North sea ports; the Rus
sians the heavy wheat and grain
growing districts and “Little Ruhr”
of Silesia; and the U. S. the agricul
tural area of the southwest.
Long sought by the French for its
military as well as industrial im
portance, the Rhineland reportedly
was assigned to them. Prize plum
of this territory is the Saar coal
land, which provided the French with
one-third of their prewar solid fuel.
A sufficient number of new
workers joined the labor force
during the last year to permit
an increase of 1400,000 in the
armed forces and an increase of
300,000 in the civilian supply of
workers. As a result of this in
crease in the supply, the mm.
~ ber of civilian workers employed
rose to 50,800,000 in March from
50,500,000 last year.
MIDLAND JOURNAL. RISING SUN. MD.
POSTWAR SECURITY:
Regional Pacts
Against protests that such ar
rangements would narrow the ac
tivities of a general security organ
ization and eventually displace it.
South American nations pushed for
recognition of regional defense sys
tems at the San Francisco confer
ence.
Based on the Act of Chapultepee
drawn at the recent Pan-American
convention in Mexico City, the
South American proposal envisions
the use of force to repel aggression
against any of the Latirt republics
without awaiting the official sanc
tion of the international security or
ganization, any of whose major
members might veto such a move.
An extension of the Monroe Doc
trine, the plan thus preserves pri
ftiary responsibility for the secu
rity of an area in the hands of coun
tries immediately concerned.
Discussion of the regional security
proposal came as the U. S. and Brit
ain tried to reconcile their differing
views on postwar trusteeships over
conquered territories after the war,
with this country standing for ex
clusive use of military bases upon
strategic islands and the British in
sisting upon control subject to the
security organization.
Meantime, sentiment in congress
grew for unfettered U. S. use of any
postwar bases in the Pacific vital
to defense in the area. Since this
country primarily will be responsi
ble for keeping the peace in the Pa
cific, Senator Byrd (Va.) declared it
should not be subject to supervision
by any other nation or group. “It’s
little enough for us to ask,” said the
senator.
SUGAR:
New Problem
Latest of the food problems con
fronting the nation is sugar, with re
ports that the 1945 Cuban crop will
fall 790,000 tons short of the 1944
harvest, pointing up the tight supply
expected to persist throughout the
year.
The report of the smaller Cuban
crop came in the midst of the house
food committee’s investigation of the
sugar situation, with evidence indi
cating that manpower shortages,
Importation of twelve million short
tons of food will be necessary to im
prove living .conditions in liberated
nations and to prevent starvation in
enemy territory in Continental Europe
this year, according to an analysis
completed by the office of foreign agri
cultural relations. This total would
consist largely of wheat but should
also include substantial quantities of
fats, animal protein foods and sugar,
the report says. Survey of food condi
tions on the continent indicate the
food supply this year will be from 50
to 70 per cent of the prewar energy
intake.
bootlegging and inaccurate apprais
al of existing stocks have all played
a hand in the growing shortage.
Though operators’ inability to se
cure sufficient help to harvest sugar
beets and bootleggers’ use of illegal
supplies of the commodity have con
tributed to the tight situation, the
committee found, the industry’s
indication that adequate stocks ex
isted led to consumption of about
800,000 tons more last year than
originally allotted.
SUPREME COURT:
Award Miners
Drawn after laborious parley be
tween companies and union repre
sentatives, the new soft coal contract
was clouded by a Supreme court de
cision holding that miners were en
titled to pay for full underground
travel time under the wages and
hours law.
Thus, the high court’s ruling up
set the new contract’s provision that
such pay was to be made on the
basis of an average of all miners
underground travel time, and at
the same time allow for a reexami
nation of the pact.
In line with a previous Supreme
court verdict covering iron ore
miners, the latest decision came at
a time , when negotiations between
hard coal miners and operators had
bogged over differences in under
ground travel pay.
WAR COSTS:
High Toll
With the war half-won, U. S. casu
alties total over 950,000 and mili
tary expenditures $275,000,000,000.
Late reports showed 747,164 cas
ualties in the European theater, with
the army reporting 139,498 dead,
467,408 wounded, 72,374 missing and
52,990 prisoners; the navy 6,415
dead, 3,612 wounded, 594 missing
and 29 prisoners, and the marine
corps 34 dead, 1 missing, 1 wounded
and 3 prisoners.
Having already spent $275,000,000,-
000 on the war, government expendi
tures will remain high during the
Japanese war and for some time
after to finance veterans’ care, pen
sions, benefits and interest on the
public debt, presently at $236,000,-
000,000.
PUBLIC WELFARE
Steps were taken by more than a
dozen states this year to increase
old age assistance allotments and
aid to dependent children.
Aged persons in Delaware now
may receive S3O monthly under
legislation raising the maximum to
that figure from $25 a month. Wyo
ming raised its maximum to SSO
a month, Utah increased maxi
mum benefits from S3O to S4O,
Washington put old age assistance
on the basis of need and provided
SSO minimum for persons over 65.
Released by Western Newspaper Union.
By VIRGINIA VALE
IT WAS three times and then
out for a certain Hollywood
J'inx, for which actor John
)all thanks his lucky stars.
Three successive occupants of
a certain ill-omened house in
Laurel Canyon, near Holly
wood, came to unhappy ends, via a
plane crash, suicide and murder at
the hands of an unknown. Then
John Dali moved in. A newcomer
* I
i
JOHN DALL
to films, from the New York stage,
he needed all the luck in the world.
Two weeks later he was signed to
make his debut opposite Bette Davis
in “The Corn Is Green”; now he’s
on the stellar list at Warners’.
—* —
The only case on record of an ac
tor’s being wounded by a cork in
Hollywood occurred during produc
tion of Warners’ “Escape in the Des
ert”; junior actor Blayney Lewis
popped his popgun at a Nazi villain,
caught Samuel Hinds in the left eye.
"""
Eight-year-old Sharon Moffett did
so well in “My Pal, Wolf,” that
RKO promptly began looking for the
right story for a starring vehicle for
her. It’s been found in “Lend Lease
for Penny,” an original with a small
town background.
A new series, to be known as
“High School Kids,” will be pro
duced by Sam Katzman for Mono
gram release; the films will be “jit
terbug musicals,” stories of modern
youth, and contracts just signed call
for four a year.
—* —
A special plane will fly Edwin
Jerome to New York from Washing
ton each Saturday, and back to the
Capital late Sunday night. He has
a part in the 20th Century-Fox pic
ture, “Now It Can Be Told;” which
deals with the way the FBI handled
espionage agents. All his scenes are
shot right in the office of J. Edgar
Hoover, head of the FBI. But
Jerome has been a regular on
“Crime Doctor” ever since it went
on the air five years ago, and can’t
miss performances because of a pic
ture assignment, hence the weekly
plane trips.
—* —
When three-year-old Ann Marshall
is twelve she’ll choose her own
middle name. Her father, Herbert
Marshall, star of the air’s “The Man
Called X,” who on June 12 takes
over the Bob Hope spot during the
comedian’s vacation, agrees with his
wife, Lee Russell, about that. So
many children are kidded because
they have unusual middle names,
they say, that they’ll let Ann choose
her own.
—* —
A summary of 17 years of Acad
emy Awards will be prepared as
one of the Columbia Screen Snap
shots for the current season. The
reel will feature the 34 male and
female stars who’ve received Os
cars, starting with the 1927-28
awards to Janet Gaynor and Emil
Jannings, and will present them in
scenes from the pictures for which
they won the awards. It’ll end with
Ingrid Bergman and Bing Crosby.
——
Alexis Smith thought she was buy
ing curtain material for her home
when she bought a lot of marquisette
some time ago. But when she was
cast as an angel in the Jack Benny
picture, “The Horn Blows at Mid
night,” she learned that the ward
robe department was having trouble
finding sheer stuff for her costume.
So she handed over her window cov
erings, hoping they could be sal
vaged for curtains later.
' —* —
Every day is open house for serv
icemen at Basil Rathbone’s home in
Bel Air, Calif., with special empha
sis put on entertainment during
week ends. The star of “The New
Adventures of Sherlock Holmes” has
entertained about 50,000 men and
women of the armed forces.
—* —
ODDS AND ENDS—Stanley Clements,
tough jockey of "Salty O’Rourke," it an
expert harmonica player—picked up the
art when, as a kid, he picked up dimes
singing on N. Y. subway trains. . . . Eddie
Cantor has signed his latest singing discov
ery, Fred Martel, to a five-year contract;
Fred’s now a regular on Eddie’s air show.
... Cornel Wilde's infant daughter, IFendy,
appears with her father in Columbia’s “A
Thousand and One Nights.". .. Humphrey
Bogart enacts his 25th homicide in "Con
flict," a psychological murder mystery soon
to be released by I Varner Bros.; he’s con
tinuing his career of crime now in "The
Two Mrs. Carrolls."
■— ' ■'■■■■■l I ■ II t
SEWING CIRCLE PATTERNS
Shirtwaister for Summer Wear
Sunny-Day Set for Little Girls
. vl* v a
|=| 8792JW
Shirtwaist Frock
CHIRTWAIST frocks have a fa
vored spot in every wardrobe.
Versatile and charming, they
make up handsomely in almost ev
ery fabric. For warm days ahead,
choose crisp striped or checked
fabrics—or gay floral prints.
* • *
Pattern No. 8792 comes in sizes 14, 16,
18, 20; 40, 42, 44 and 46. Size 16, short
sleeves, requires 3% yards of 35 inch
fabric, or 3 >,2 yards of 39 inch.
Outdoor Set
AN ADORABLE out-of-doors
outfit for a sweet little girl. A
sun bonnet to shade her face—
little wing sleeves to keep her cool
Standard Gauge Tracks
Although American railroads
operated on 23 different gauges, or
track widths, as late as 1871, they
had all adopted the world’s stand
ard gauge by 1886, thus making
the United States the first coun
try in which a carload of freight
could reach any point without hav
ing to be unloaded and reloaded
en route.
ii iH CrispTasteThrill 8881
RICE IRISHES
"The Grains Are Great Foods”— Ir.j/.liiilbyp I ,i/p B
Kellogg’s Rice Krispies equal the whole Jm* m f B
ripe grain in nearly all the protective /IJ M n [ jK
food elements declared essential to /Fg B B Lj v iK
>1 |
*^2,
6ood for Desserh-Grand for Lunch Boxes!
Make them with Fleischmann's yellow label Yeast—
the only fresh yeast with EXTRA vitamins A & D
FILLED BUNS
2 cakes Fleischmann’s Yeast 2 eggs, beaten
1 cup lukewarm water % teaspoon nutmeg
% cup shortening Few drops lemon extract
% cup sugar 1 cup milk, scalded and cooled
1 teaspoon salt 9 cups sifted flour
1 cup Jelly or jam
Dissolve Fleischmann’s Yeast in lukewarm water. Cream shortening,
sugar and salt; add well-beaten eggs, nutmeg, flavoring and lukewarm
milk. Add to yeast. Add 3 cups flour and beat well. Add remaining
flour; turn out on floured board and knead lightly until smooth and
elastic. Place in greased bowl. Cover and set in warm place, free from
draft, until light, about 2 hours. Turn out on floured board and shape
into round rolls. Dip in gradulated sugar and set on well-greased
baking pan % inch apart. Cover and let rise until
doubled in bulk, about 45 minutes. Make an in
flWGfLnff/l dentation in center of roll, fill with jelly or jam.
Wts J. rKCC! j Tet rise again until light, about 15 minutes. Bake
Jg Zs in moderate oven at 400 °F. about 20 minutes.
' Makes 4 dozen.
Nsw Revised Wartime Edition sf Fleischmann's Fnons Recipe Beet I
I Clip and paats on a penny port Una
card for your free copy of Fleisch-
Imann’a newly reviled “The Bread -■ ■
Basket.” Dozens of easy recipes **™ I *SS '
I for breads, rolls, desserts. Address
Standard Brands Incorporated, ————
I Grand Central Annex, Box 477,
•__New Y. 7s~ Be
( I \M
y ' 1331
2-6 yrs.
—it’s an ensemble that she’ll love
to wear on sunny days.
* * *
Pattern No. 1331 is designed for sizes 2,
3,4, 5 and 6 years. Size 3, dress, requirel
1% yards of 35 or 39 inch material; bow
net, \<i yard; 5 yards edging or ric ra#
to trim dress and bonnet.
Send your order to:
SEWING CIRCLE PATTERN DEPT.
1150 Sixth Ave. New York, N. Y.
Enclose 25 cents in coins for each [
pattern desired.
Pattern No Size
Name j
i
Address j
Your Favorite CBSStation _ _ |l[ 5

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