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WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS
Heavy 8-29 Raids on Nagoya Pattern for Victory in Pacific; Set Up Army Rule Over Germany —■ Released by Western Newspaper Union. - - ——l (EDITOR'S NOTE: When opinions are expressed In these eolumns. they are those of Western Newspaper Union's news analysis and not necessarily of this newspaper.) Burrowing into “Little Siegfried Line” on Okinawa, marines advance cautiously toward building set afire to dislodge Jap snipers. PACIFIC: Victory Pattern T Though the Tarawa, Iwo Jima and Okinawa fighting has proved the Jap no set-up, America’s tremendous material resources and Japan’s comparative skimpy means prom ises to bring about the enemy’s col lapse much in the manner of Ger many’s. Flying 500 at a time, B-29 Super forts were setting the pattern for Japan’s defeat even as U. S. army and marine forces rooted the enemy from his heavily fortified “Little Siegfried line” on Okinawa, with the big bombers showering thousands of tons of gasoline-jelly incendi aries on the big industrial center of Nagoya. Extent of the destruction of Na goya was all the greater because of the establishment of shops in small buildings and homes for the production of different parts for main assembly. With a one-time population of 1,328,083, the city was the site of the famed Mitsibushi air craft factory and railway, ma chinery and metal works. Leveling of Nagoya suggested the same treatment of other great Japa nese cities within the same area in the effort to paralyze the enemy’s industrial capability and thus bring his formidable land army to its knees. With her vital industries packed in the Tokyo, Kobe- Osaka and Nagoya districts in a total area less than that of Nebraska, and with 14,000,000 of her 73,000,000 imputation crowd ed in those vicinities, Japan’s whole war - making potential stands as a particularly vulner able target for the great fleets of U. S. bombers which will oper ate with increasing force now that the European war has ended. Furthermore, U. S. mastery of the sea threatens to virtually isolate the enemy from the Asiatic main land and Pacific islands upon which he has depended for substantial quantities of food, raw material and supplies. Against this bright picture, how ever, stands the record of fanatical Japanese resistance against impos sible odds wherever he has fought in the Pacific. Best recent ex amples are Iwo Jima and Okinawa, where Nipponese garrisons have withstood the most grueling pre ponderance of U. S. material and troop superiority to hold out to the last dying gasp from strongly forti fied subterranean positions hewed from rugged terrain. With Jap engineers showing sur prising skill in preparing such de fenses, U. S. infantrymen, supported by tanks and flame throwers, have been compelled to move in close to root out the entrenched enemy after heavy air, sea and ground bombardment failed to wholly wipe out various strong points. Just 325 miles from Tokyo, Okinawa has been bitterly de fended by the enemy seeking to prevent another island air base from falling into the hands of C. 8. forces. Victory in the Marianas tarnished a site for B-29 stations for the Increasing raids on the enemy mainland, and Iwo Jima also yielded strategic air strips. Thus, the Japs have stood bitterly on Okinawa, inflicting over 28,900 casualties on American land, sea and air forces at a cost of ! over 48,000 dead to themselves. Secondary though potentially im portant aspect of the whole Pacific picture is the part China might play FAIR EMPLOYMENT Laws designed to prevent discrim ination in employment because of race, color, creed, or national origin have been passed in New York, New Jersey and Indiana recently. New Jersey and Utah also enact ed more general anti-discriminatory legislation, New Jersey banning racial and religious discrimination ■•to schools, municipal hospitals, hotels jpii Ulaoefi of .entertainment. in the enemy’s strategy, with the comparatively undeveloped state of the country and the vulnerability of any positions to attack from Rus sia on the north and the U. S. and Britain on the south, tempering the possibility the enemy might de cide to make a major stand on the Asiatic mainland. EUROPE: Army Rules Declaring “the Allied government of Germany is going to be military, and the Germans jpiw are going to know ifE it is military,” Lt. SpR Gen. Lucius D. Clay f undertook deputy ■ f rule of the U. S. oc v cupation zone under (General Clay as sumed his task as Allied authorities Gen. Clay stated that all Ger man industry, trade and services first would be used to support U. S. and British occupying forces before civilians, and Germans would be allowed to hold office only on the local level. Having announced former con gressman and budget director Lewis W. Douglas as his assistant and diplomat Robert Murphy as head of the political division of the military government, General Clay said that all that is left of Germany’s war in dustry would be destroyed, all traces of Naziism rooted out and war crim inals sought and punished. At the same time, Allied authori ties declared that Grand Adm. Karl Doenitz’s government was a tem porary stopgap presently being used to carry on the disarmament of the German military and naval forces. Despite Doenitz’s government’s statements that a central German regime was necessary to prevent a. breakdown in the country’s econom ic life and the threat of communism, the Allies are proceeding along their own lines. Meanwhile, the Allies pushed plans for the trial of war criminals even as U. S. congressmen, return ing from an inspection of notorious Nazi concentration camps, flatly blamed the Hitler regime for their existence. CIVILIAN ECONOMY: More Goods Provision of more cars and more tires for essential civilian use along with loosening of controls on the manufacture of many peacetime items heralded the gradual recon version of industry following read justment to a one-front war. Though the huge needs of the Pa cific war will still rate No. 1, re lease of manpower and material as a result of lessened demands after V-E Day will permit a limited re sumption of civilian production, as already reflected in permission to au tomobile manufacturers to turn out 200,000 passenger cars this year, and the increase in tire rations for essential motorists by 500,000 for May. Though another 400,000 cars are scheduled to be produced in the first quarter of 1946 with the rate rising to 2,000,000 annually by 1947, trucks will be given preference in manu facture, with emphasis on light weight models, officials declared. Relaxation of controls on produc tion of coat hangers, bathtubs, ice cream freezers, pie plates, mop wringers and hundreds of others of such items paved the way for their substantial output when steel, cop per and aluminum become avail able in increased amounts in mid summer. PATTON’S PRIZE Fixed to the rostrum of Luitpold arena in Nuremberg where Adolf a Hitler stirred Ger many in his hey day, a huge bronze swastika fell prize to General Patton’s third army in its capture of the Nazi shrine city and will be shipped to the U. S. for display. MIDLAND JOURNAL, RiSTNG SUN, MB, EIRE: Praise for Britain Although resenting Prime Minis ter Churchill’s criticism of Eire for remaining neutral in the European conflict when her participation would have furnished the Allies with important sea bases, Prime Minis ter de Valera complimented the British chieftain for not violating the small country’s neutrality by force to obtain such advantages. Declaring that Churchill’s re straint “advanced the cause of inter national morality,” De Valera said: “It is indeed fortunate that Brit ain’s necessity did not reach the point when Mr. Churchill would have acted. All credit to him that he successfully resisted the tempta tion.” But if De Valera had praise for Churchill, he had censure, too. An swering Churchill’s declaration that only North Ireland’s furnishing of bases prevented British action against Eire itself, De Valera re gretted that the Briton had turned to “abusing a people who have done him no wrong, trying to find in a crisis like the present excuse for continuing the injustice of the sepa ration (of the north and south) of our country.” __ SAVINGS: Over 122 Billion Standing at over 122 billion dol lars, accumulated savings at the end of 1944 showed almost a 150 per cent increase over the yearly to tals before 1938 and indicated finan cial strength to tide many people over any reconversion stress. Headed up by an increase of 13 billion dollars in 1944, war bond holdings reached well over 40 bil lion to represent one-third of the accumulated savings, contrasting with but one-twentieth in 1940. In rising 23 billion dollars in 1944, substantial accumulations were ef fected in policy holders’ funds be hind life insurance, and in accounts in mutual savings and commercial banks, postal savings and savings and loan associations. Insurance Payments Approximating 47 per cent of total payments of life insurance compa nies in 1944, death benefits amount ed to $1,360,972,674 for a new high, the National Underwriter reported. With total payments reaching $2,- 916,720,689, high were also recorded for matured endowments at $447,- 828,401 and annuities at $198,308,377. Low since 1929, accidental death benefit claims for the U. S. and Can ada in 1944 declined to $20,356,949. Rips Hospital Ship ... ,v : . ...it Standing three decks below point where a Jap suicide pilot crash-dived on navy hos pital ship “Comfort,” Army Nurse Lt. Mary Jensen of San Diego, Calif., views twisted wreckage. Lt. Jensen had stepped from surgery supply room less than minute be fore it was demolished by explosion. FARM MACHINERY: Behind Schedule With production of farm machin ery approximately 22 per cent be hind schedule, farm operators can continue to look forward to tight sup plies this year, the Federal Re serve Bank of Chicago reported. Because of increased demand for military material last winter and manpower shortages, farm machin ery output for 1944-45 dropped 25 per cent behind schedule in the first quarter of July-August-September; 22 per cent behind in the second, and about 20 per cent in the third. Labor shortages principally have affected production of such neces sary parts of equipment as mal leable and gray castings, engines, transmissions and forgings, thus re ducing over-all output. While some important manufacturers are up to schedule, others are far behind. Citing the great importance of farm machinery to record-breaking war food production, the reserve bank pointed out that use of mech anized equipment on two and three shifts daily permitted heavy plant ings during tile last two springs aft er wet weather delayed normal op erations. RISING INCOME Prices received by farmers in the United States for agricultural prod ucts rose in April to the highest average for the war period, with the price index based on the 1909-1914 standard of 100, at 203 as compared with the prewar figure of 89 in August, 1939. The price index in April this year was close to the level reached at the end of the last war while the per centage increase since the present war started was much greater than during the last war. Released by Western Newspaper Union. By VIRGINIA VALE LISTENERS to a recent “John -4 ny Presents” broadcast nev er even suspected that in the studio the sort of thing was hap pening that speeds radio per formers and producers toward nervous breakdowns. Ginny Simms was singing when a man walked up on the stage and headed toward her. Since, when a big show like that one is produced, there are so many people on stage, no one realized just at first that the man didn’t belong there. Then Ken Roberts, the announcer, spotted him. Just before the man reached Ginny, Roberts reached him; he took the stranger by the arm and led him off stage, whispering in his ear very confidentially all the while. Credit Ginny with never missing a note! In more than six years in pictures Geraldine Fitzgerald practically al ways lost out romantically, with the other girl getting the man. In “Wil son” she won out, and decided to leave Warner Bros, and strike out WBf ' jjj GERALDINE FITZGERALD for herself. So they let her win John Garfield in “Nobody Lives Forever,” as a parting gift. On her own, she went into “Uncle Harry,” for Uni versal—doesn’t get her man, but goes to the gallows for trying! All of one day Hollywood was filled with rumors that RKO and Paramount had merged—a big gate was opened between the two studios, and that was enough for the gossips. The fact of the matter was that Leo McCarey was shooting exteriors with Ingrid Bergman, Henry Trav ers and several extras on a Para mount lot for Rainbow Productions’ “The Bells of St. Mary’s,” being made at RKO. — X — Eddie Cantor’s still untitled West ern Comedy at RKO will retain for Cantor and Joan Davis the same character names they used In “Show Business,” though there’s no simi larity between the pictures; they’ll beep the same names just for luck. Oliver Wallace, who composed “Hundustan” during the last war and “Der Fuehrer’s Face” during this one, provides the score for Walt Disney’s new short, “African Di ary,” which RKO is releasing. This time Goofy is starred. Lauren Bacall has a difficult task ahead of her; she’s finished “The Big Sleep,” her second picture, in which she appears opposite Hum phrey Bogart; for her third assign ment she’ll have the feminine lead in .“Confidential Agent,” which play an English woman. A differ ent accent, a different male lead, —she’ll have to work hard. Fred Mac Murray and Leslie Fen ton launched their new enterprise, Mutual Productions, recently, begin ning work on “Pardon My Past.!’ It’s a comedy, and Mac Murray plays twin brothers who never meet, but whose effect on each other’s ex istence is disastrous. Marguerite Chapman is Fred’s leading lady; Akim Tamiroff, William Demarest, Harry Davenport and Douglas Dum brille have strong roles. An air-force friend is responsible for Abbott and Costello’s signing Bob Mathews as a vocalist on their Thursday night NBC programs. The friend, on furlough, was asked to Costello’s one Sunday for a swim; he took along a record of Mathews’ and played it for Lou. * — A special concert made up of re quests from our troops overseas will be broadcast by the New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, Artur Dodzinski conducting, over CBS on Sunday, July 1. Requests are being cleared by the Armed Forces Radio Service. —* — ODDS AND ENDS—On his Sunday radio program Ozzie Nelson recently urged people to take servicemen into their homes—and when he got home found that his children had filled the house with sol diers and sailors. . . . In “Masquerade in Mexico” Dorothy Lamour wears a stream lined silver bathing suit. ... Joan Bennett will start in “Woman in the Window” on the Radio Theater June 18. ... Republic’s Sunset Carson, 6’4" Western star, dropped into the studio’s hospital for an aspirin; on the way out he hit his head on a sign, and had to go back for treatment. . , . Amos ’’ Andy plan to leave on a tour of foreign military installations in June, SEWING CIRCLE PATTERNS Two-Piecer to Wear All Summer . ’ Fire, Ire . liul. Git] , 2 .20 Simple Two-Piecer DERFECT answer for every *■ summer need—a simple two piecer with a crisp, clean-cut air. Use bright checked or striped fab rics, trimmed with the boldest of ric rac. * * * Pattern No. 1319 is designed for sizes 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20. Size 14, short or three quarter sleeves, requires 3y 8 yards of 35 or 39-inch material; 2 yards ric rac for trimming. fv. (v. (V. ft. (v. (V. (v, O-. O-. O- O- ft. (v. (V, (v. \ ASK ME ; ANOTHER [ l l A General Quiz | fW. (V. (V. tv. tv. tv. (V.(V.(V.(V.(V.(V (V. fV. fV. (V. (TV. (V A. The Questions 1. Was Beau Brummel a real or fictitious character? 2. What is the tactile sense? 3. When Noah sailed in the Ark how many women were aboard? 4. What coat of arms suggested the use of stars and stripes in the American flag? 5. What one thing remained in Pandora’s box? 6. What Biblical characters went to heaven without dying? 7. Is the army man of today tall er than the army man of World War I? 8. When it’s 6 p. m. in London, what time is it in Chicago? 9. By what name do we know the game of draughts best? 10. In what battle, according to tradition, were American troops ordered to hold their fire until they could see the whites of their op ponents’ eyes? The Answers 1. Real (George Bryan Brum mel). 2. The sense of touch. 3. Four Noah’s wife, Shem’s wife, Japheth’s wife, and Ham’s wife. 4. The coat of arms of the Wash ington family. 5. Hope. 6. Elijah and Enoch. 7. Yes, soldiers of this war are two-thirds of an inch taller. The proportion of men over six feet tall has also increased. 8. Noon. 9. Checkers. 10. Bunker Hill. Disraeli Had Preference For the ‘Open Arms’ Benjamin Disraeli was intro duced one day to a celebrated inn keeper. “We’ve met before,” announced the owner of the hotel. “You were a guest at my inn several years ago.” “Sorry, I don’t seem to recall,” said the prime minister. “How could you forget the ‘Roy al Arms’?” insisted the man. “Just think back. Remember the attractive barmaid who worked there? Let me see now, it’s about five years since you were in the ‘Royal Arms.’ ” “I have no recollection of stay ing there,” replied the British statesman. “It’s more likely I would have remembered it, if I had been in her arms.” f ACHY MUSCLK I H^M/ilki^llkllul=lkl^ Dainty Party Frock CHE’LL look as bright as a new penny in this dainty party frock. Gay little ruffles and nov elty buttons on an all-over floral print make it as pretty a dress as you’ll see. • • • Pattern No. 1350 Is designed for sizes 2, 3,4, 5 and 6 years. Size 3 requires 114 yards of 35 or 39-inch fabric; 2 yard* machine-made ruffling to trim. Due to an unusually large demand and current war conditions, slightly more time is required in filling orders for a few of the most popular pattern numbers. Send your order to: SEWING CIRCLE PATTERN DEPT. 1150 Sixth Ave. New York, N. Y. Enclose 25 cents in coins for each pattern desired. Pattern No Size | Name Address SNAPPY EACTS afaufr RUBBER The Flemish word for auto , j tire is "Snelpaardelooszon- 1 j derspoorwegpetrolistuig." The 1945 government expansion program for Increased production of military truck and bus tires Is geared to turn out 21,300 addi tional tires a day, or 6,000,000 a year. This expansion plus previous expansions should result In the pro duction In 1945 of more than twice as many truck and bus tires as were produced inl94l,and lnl946about 2'A times the 1941 figure. A vehicle driven at 50 nt.p.h. on average roads wears away 41 per cent more rub ber than if it were driven at a steady 30 m.p.h. (Buij *IA/ar (fronds sdnd *l)liem Ry-PradiMto A Chamleal Corp.