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THE MIDLAND JOURNAL PVIUWBD HYEMY VBIDAT ■OWIM6 BT BIROS. imn in oboil county MARYLAND Mntrd M Baoood Chut Matter At Pwt Offloe la Rising- Bun. Maryland Under Act of Congress At March t, lit* ~~INDI&rBNDENT IN POLITICS AND ALL OTHER SUBJECTS TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION ONE YEAR, IN ADVANCE .... SI.RO SIX MONTHS SI.OO THREE MONTHS -*® SINGLE COPY, I CENTS 1 ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION tureiun AdvertUing Kepresentative ! i foreign Advertiai-.g Kapreaantative 1 rnt AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION ! j THE AMERICAN ' ASSOCIA I ION J ■V r ~ •==== ■ 1 "■ : ] FRIDAY, JULY 27, 1945 s SAFETY SUGGESTIONS FOR FARM SAFETY WEEK Seventeen thousand members of farm families are killed every year, , and 1,500,000 are injured, according , to J. R. Ward, Extension agricultural ; engineering specialist at the Univer- ] sity of Maryland. Most of those acci dents were caused by carelessness ] and could have been prevented. And \ they will be prevented in the future, i he added, if rural families will prac- ( tice the suggestions emphasized dur- ( img National Farm Safety Week, i July 22 to 28, and correct the haz- \ ards to safety which exist on their , farms. i It is particularly important to , check ulp on the condition and use of , farm machinery and tools, and ou the handling of animals, as those ; two factors are the chief cause oi farm work accidents, Ward pointed cult. Farm workers should always re member to stop their farm machinery completely before adjusting or re fueling, and to keep guards in place on power shafts, belts, and chains to , avoid being caught in them. In addi tion, they should avoid wearing torn, loose-fitting clothing or torn, ragged gloves aroumdi moving machinery. Tractors cause a number of accidents every year. Farmers should be sure that the tractor is out of gear with the brake set before attempting to crank it. They should start the trac tor off smoothly, and keep its speed to four and a half miles per hour for off-the-road operations. They should also avoid operating tractors on dan gerous inclines or near treacherous banks. Ward warned farm workers to ap proach horses and muiles from the side and) speak to them before enter ing their stalls to avoid startling them; also to use great cai-e in hand ling animals with newborn young; and hulls, boars and rams are always securely penned. Other safety pointers which Ward outlined included; repairing loose boards and keeing stairs and pas sageways free of rubbish to prevent tripping; storing gasoline and other explosive or inflammable materials at a safe distance from farm build ings; keepiDg fire fighting equipment on hand and in usable condition; and taking time and patience to train in experienced farm workers. Finally, Ward cone eluded, since good health is fundamental to safety practices, farm people should exer cise common sense while working in the fields. They should avoid over exposure to the sun, wear appro priate clothing and refrain from drinking iced drinks while overheat ed. ■ ■ -o COAL INDUSTRY TELLS STORY The people are learning more about American industry today through advertising in the newspa pers and magazines than ever before. The coal industry, instead of adver tising coal merely as a fuel, shows by illustration and the printed word, the complicated processes required to furnish the consumer with finished products derived from coal. As a re sult the people have come to know something of the importance of that industry from many angles. Valuable as coal is for heat, think of its inestimable value as the source of life-saving sulfa drugs, aspirin, antiseptics, synthetic vitamins, quinine, and hundireds of medicines that are derived from it. Thus does an industry, by telling its story, show the interest of the consumer in the continual pi ogress and expansion of the produccer. Nev er before did labor and capital have so much in common in striving for policies that will encourage contin ued and sustained progress in pro ducing industries. Coal production is largely labor, hence scientific de velopments that enlarge the market for coal, are essential to the future of both the worker and the investor. The coal industry is builidng a solid future on a diversity of public ser vices. The American Bible Society tells of a group of seven American fliers, forced down on a Pacific isle, and “converted” by the natives. Long ago a missinary had left them a Bible. But they could not read the book, the Americans must read and explain it to them. Each night for nearly three months, while the fliers were ma rooned, the 200 natives brougiit their Bible, and around the camp fire the fliers took turns reading what to them had been an almost unexplored book. Then they sang gospel songs and had prayer. Today these seven Americans are professing Chirit/ans, interested in missions, and grateful to the islanders who asked them to jead the Bible. — i "FEDERAL INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS ACT” By J. E. Jones Washington, D. C., July 23 —New ‘ men and ne wforces have moved in and are taking charge of what has been too often miscalled “Labor lie- j lations.” The new Secretary of Labor, Lewis B. Schwellenbaeh, is reported to have ' been chosen by President Truman for ' the purpose of bringing order out of chaos in the affairs that have produc ed 1 , so many labor strikes and distur bances in the past dozen years. Look ing back on these “labor relations” able Mark Sullivan says that the new 1 movement to bring harmony between employers and wage earners is “the aim to cure the welter of confusion" ' in those years when Miss Perkins as Secretary of Labor was brushed aside and her authority taken over by 1 “agency after agency outside her ' jurisdiction.” Democratic Senator Hatch of New Mexico, and Republican Senators Burton of Ohio, and Ball of Minne- J sota, have jointly agreed on a bill introduced by them in Congress, to ' change the lineup with the public at the head of the procession. The new bill would scrap the Na tional Labor Relations Board. Under 1 the provision of the Act proposed by the three Senators the new Board will provide a mediation, arbitration and conciliation service for all labor controversies over wages, hours and conditions of employment. But more important than anything else is the definite assertion in the Bill that authorizes the Board; “In the protection of the public interest, to require the parties (employers and unions) to accept temporarily a compulsory settlement of their . . . controversy, so as to avoid any inter ruption to the supply of a commodity or to a service on which the commu nity affected is so dependent that se vere hardships would be inflicted on a substantial number of persons by either a brief or prolonged depriva tion of such commodity or service.” It seems very hopeful that the pas sage of this bill will give the Secre tary of Labor and the new Board fill] aiuthority to settle labor disputes without the necessity of strikes or threats of strikes and without inter ference by independent boards and commissions. Those were the princi pal nuisances that interrupted the enforcement of Federal laws in re cent years. We Are Ready The daughter of Woodrow Wilson has told a reporter about a state ment by her father on his death bed, in which the great President said that “it was right that the United States did not join the League of Nations. . . it would have been a great personal victory But it would not have worked, because deep in their hearts the American people did not really believe in it.” The statement by Mrs. JSleanor Wilson McAdioo is important because it brings to the surface the present day challenge; Do the American peo ple believe in the plan before the United Nations, debated and consid ered at San Francisco? The answer is very definite and clear. The American people were not ready to be shackled by rules impos ed upon them by Britain, France and Italy in the days of Woodrow Wilson. The situation is entirely different today because the United Nations have practically completed their agreements. Most of the major dif ferences are being ironed out and Germany as well as Japan will not be allowed to resume any prepara tions for another war. There is an old saying that “a stitch in time saves nine.” We’ve taken the nine stitches in company with forty-nine or more Nations, and now we are ready to face the respon sibilities of the future and preserve permanent peace. More Skills For More People When future historians attempt to determine which of America’s “secret weapons” contributed most to the winning of World War 11, they may not be far wrong if they nominate the nation’s inherent mechanical tal ents and its ability to tool u,p for new assignments. “Mass production” is what home people call it. But they forget that mass production is pos sible only in a nation of people who have the knack of working with tools and! machines. America must cling to this pre cious attribute. If we are to be strong enough to help enforce the peace, we must continue to develop a vast pool of individual skills and technical know-how, which can, if necessary, be converted instantly to war pur poses. THE MIDLAND JOURNAL, FRIDAY, JULY 97, 1948 1945 JULY 1945 m [Howl nil wtp Ithuk hi s*t~ 1234 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 192021 22 2324 25 26 27 28 291301311 II 1 I AN OPEN LETTER Rising Suin, M<l. Juily 17, 1945 Hon. Millard E. Tydings U. S. Senator Washington, D. C. Dear Sir: I received our Rations Stamps fo.- home canning yesterday, 16 lbs. oC sugar for home canning of two. Home fruit will gi to waste fir lack of sugar, and we will have to buy But plenty of sugar to make whiskey that sells for $2.50 per pint, for drunks. A few years ago our Administra tion killed little pigs, now we have a meat shortage. It plowed under cot ton. now we have a coctton uimine. Cotton cloth which sold a few years ago at 8 or 10 cents a yard, now sl, with women making dresses out of feed bags. Now no sugar to can the fruit needed for our civilian, popula tion who have fed and clothed the world. How long can you work a horse on half feed? Does this apply to humanity? Now with no help on the farm, which is the base of all industry, this Administration is planning to place the minimum wage at 65 cents per hour, for an eight Uouir day, which no farmer can follow because the old cow refuses to be milked once eight hours apart, next time sixteen hours, so the minimum day on the farm will have to remain at twelve hours, allowing two hours for meals, ten hours a day, or $6.50, or $2,000 per year. Who could pay it? It woul dtake the entire wheat and corn crops on a 150-acre farm, at the present price.! to pay one hand. How could the far mer feed and clothe his family, pav taxes, insurance, fertilizer bills, buy new machinery when the old wears out, on what was left, and many other expenses too numerous to mention. It is clearly evident what the past legislation has done, and what it has failed to do this bill will accomplish. On top of this, this Administra tion is planning jobs for 60 million, with no help for the farmer, and our SIO,OOO a year beauties have in creased their salaries $5,000 a year for the magnificent job they have done. Why did they not make it $20,000 instead of $15,000? There is a God in heaven who sees the acts of men, who 3000 years ago had his servant, Joel, to write: “Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe, Joel, their wickedness is great.’’ Mr. Tydings, you seem to be the leading farmer’s friend in Congress, if the farmer has any friends there. Who caused the world conditions as they are? Did the man in overalls cause it, who has built every city, every bank, every skyscraper, and every country home, and provided the food and raiment for the people to wear, or the white collar man who wears the finest of clothes, rides in the finest automobiles, lives in the finest homes, and does no manual work, yet he controls the wealth of the world? Think it over, Mr. Tydings. Respectfully submitted, C. A. Hutchens OLD-AGE AND SURVIVORS INSURANCE PAYMENTS As of July 1, 1945, benefit pay ments under the Oldi-Age and Surviv ors Insurance provisions of the Social Security Act were being made in this area to 14,064 men, women and chil dren, totalling $257,869.55 a month. These figures were released by Mr. William Donlin. manager of the Bal timore field office of the Social Se curity Board. This office serves Balti more city, and the counties of Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Cecil, Harford and Howard. In addition, lump sum awards since January 1, 1940 have been made in 9,289 cases to individuals not eligible for monthly payments. The total amount of these payments lias been $1,329,405.19. Mr. Donlin stated that in Cecil county 79 retired workers, aged 65 or over, are receiving monthly sl,- 861.09; 27 wives, 65 or over, of re tired workers are receiving monthly $305.29; 88 children of deceased or retired workers are receiving month ly $1,072.52; 33 widows and depen dent parents are receiving monthly, $679.74; 227 are receiving a total of $3,818.64. Mr. Donlin called attention to the fact that some people do not know of their rights under the Federal In surance program and so may lose benefits through failure to act at the right time. To correct this, he issued the following advice: “Whenever a person who has worked at any time in a job covered by the law readies the age of 65, he should communi cate with the Social Security Board at 32 South Street and find out how to protect his benefit rights even though he does not plan to retire. Whenever a worker dies, after work ing for some period in Jobs covered by the law, a member of his family should communicate promptly with the nearest office of the Board. Tlls is the only way to make that no benefits are lost." MEDICAL STRIDES MADE IN WAR WILL EASE FUTURE SUFFERING Millions of persons now living and billions as yet unborn will find their sufferings—both physical and menial —eased because of the tremendous strides made by medical science dur ing this war. As a result of the giant strides made in the field of plastic surgery alone, peacetime injuries which for merly disfigured persons permanent ly and psychologically destroyed their lives, w ill lose their terrors, ac cording to an article “Architects of the Body,” by Albert Q. Mnlsel, in Cosmopolitan magazine. “In the last war we had plastic surgery, too,' 1 lie states. “But it was a struggling, infant art —a branch of sugrery which could never guaran tee the results of even its simplest operations. Today the pioneers of twenty-five years ago wo-uld be amaz ed to see the results many of tlielr disciples are achieving.” So tremendous has been the expan sion in the field of reparative sur gery that the term "plastic surgery” covers only a small portion of the field, according to the writer. “Surgeons have gone far beyond the mere re-mold'ing of distorted lea tures, wonderful as that may be. To day they are successfully transplant ing nerves, skin, parts of the eye, cartilege, bone and even, believe it or not, limbs,” he states. “They are giving the wounded of this war much more than hope. To most casualties they are giving the right to expect a return to normal human existence as an acceptable, good-looking member of the commu nity.” While the immediate objective of our front-line military physicians is to preserve life and guarantee our fighting men a return to civilian life unrestricted by injuries and unmark ed by ugly scars, the long-time result of their achievements will be not only the prolongation of human life but the virtual certainty that the in juries suffered in peacetime accidents such as burns or smashups, will be erased through the same techniques that have been perfected under fire in this war. o FUEL OIL RATIONS The Maryland State Office of Price Administration urges all of those who have not yet done so to imme diately mail in their applications for next winter’s fuel oil rations to their local War Price and Rationing Boards. Fuel oil consumers are cautioned by the OPA that heating oil supplies will be tight next winter and every effort should be made to have tlieir storage tanks filled as soon as pos sible. “There are approximately 200,000 fuel oil users in Maryland,” Donald E. Weiller, State Fuel Rationing Officer, said. “Most of them have sent in renewal applications but there are still a large number yet to be receiv ed. Those who have not sent in their applications should l do so at once. Rations now are in process of being mailed to all of those who have ap plied for next winter’s heating oil. “Fuel oil tanks in people’s homes are an important part of the limited storage capacity available for civilian supply. If dealers are permitted to fill those tanks as soon as possible, they can then refill their own stor age tanks and, similarly the dealers’ suppliers can fill up again. Thus when severe weather hits, the job of getting enough oil in each commun ity to meet the demand promptly will have been done.” RAINS CAUSE SEVERE SOIL LOSSES The recent heavy rains have caus ed'conisderable damage to both crops and crop fields. The crops san be re placed another year, but the damage done to fields through soil erosion is almost a permanent loss to teh far mer and to the community. Drive out on any road and you will see mud lodged over the highways and pas tures. That means but one thing, some farmer has lost that soil. Look over the field and you will see where that soil came from. Usual ■ ly you will see the field streaked with gullies. In those gullies not only the top soil is gone but the plants and crops in its path are also gone. i Tben there is another type of ero sion which is less noticeable but just : as costly, that is sheet erosion. Again look over the field and you will see : each small stone stonding on a peds tal of ground. The ground around the stone was taken down the hill and lost from the farm. When you buy a farm, what part of the farm do you intend to use? You live in the buildings and house the cattle and crops in the barn, but your chief investment lies in the upper 8 or 10 inches of top soil. , From that 8 or 10 inches of top soil ' you receive your income, regardless of your type of farming. When that i 8 or 10 incres of top soil is gone, ' your investment is gone. It has been ■ proved that poor soils make poor : people and poor communities. All these annoyances through soil erosion, that is, working around , gullies, the loss of fertilizer and ma nure, poor crop yields, and the loss : of crops either by washing out or by being covered with silt, can be avoid ed by using a few simple control measures plus a few changes in farm management. Walter is robbed twice in an hour. Somebody should have given him a tip. Careful, timid and discreet man: A former reckless fighter who has accumulated a lot of dependeuts, Try these... LUSCIOUS Jfllneßowl if ' I Bring yourself up to date on cake baking by asking for our recipes on One-Bowl Cakes. They are easily mixed and have an unusually deli cate texture. Furthermore, two of the cake recipes include sugar-saving hints that are certainly worth trying. And there are four kinds of sugarless icings described. Get the recipes for these one-bowl cakes and the icings at our office. Yours for the asking! • CONOWINGO POWER COMPANY Do Not Watto Electricity Juft Becauie It Is Not Rationed WAR DEMANDS “Why is it that farmers in the l nited States are more prosperous in war time?” The question is posed by a commit tee on postwar programs in the intpo- C'uction to a pamphlet, “Wl'.at Peace Can Mean To American Farmers,” just published by the U. S. Depart ment ofl Agriculture. The committee continues: “The answer is to be found in the heavy demand for farm products created through war time action by the Federal Government and by Al lied Government. This increased de maind results from (1) increased consumption of food by people who in wartime have more employment and therefore larger incomes with which they can make greater pur chases of food, (2) higher per capi ta consumption of food by persons in the armed forces than in civilian life, (3) wartime dislocation of agri culture and trade in other parts of the world, with consequent decline in foreign agricultural production, and (4) increased shipment of food supplies to the allies and to war dev astated countries —especially to Eng land and Russia." DICTATORS LEARN LESSON FROM FREE ENTERPRISE When the United States entered World War 11, Germany gloried in her belief in the invincibility of her air power. And at first it did look like an almost impossible task to overcome German air superiority. But Americans are not easily dis couraged. We immediately planned airplane production to outstrip Ger many. The air superiority which we built might not have been so spec tacular, however, if it had not been for our oil industry which smashed record after record, not only in pro duction, but in development of types of gasoline that give our planeg pow er and speed: which in the hands of an air force beyond compare, Ger many could not match. Last year we heard of 100-octane gasoline in terms of billions of gal lons, the achievement of individual companies. More aviation gas was produced in 1044 alone than the en tire proudetion of all grades of gaso line during the entire period of our participation in the last war. The German air force was wiped out. The American oil industry which produced the new kind of fuel to power the new types of planes more efficiently, wag fw agency of destruc- SHOTSHELL TRACERS The English have long had out a shotgun cartridge with a tracer pcl let in the center of the charge and, strange to say, the tracer pellet seems to stay in the center of the charge, even on the pattern beard. I can think of nothing better to te:ich wing shooting than this tracer car tridge, as it shows the shooter in stantly by the bright spot of light in .he center of the shot charge, v. mak er he is leading enough or too much. It also shows the drift of a strong wind; on the shot charge and its res sultant curve. It is strange that our government didn’t use these shells in large Quan tities in teaching our air force gunners the use of the shotgun in preliminary gunnery training. It is also a most useful help in teaching keet or trap shooting or even duck shotting on wet days, but is not to be recommended in dry brush as it will start fires as will any other trac er ammunition. o THE SUGAR SHORTAGE AND HEALTH The present shortage of cane sugar need not affect our health adversely, according to Dr. R. H. Riley, Direc tor of’ the State Department of Health. Sugar is a natural part of fruits and some vegetables and can be obtained from these sources. In support of this point of view Dr. Riley cited this recent statement by the Nutritionist of the Department: “A lack of refined cane sugar may actually be an advantage nutrition ally. By taking sugar in the form of fruits and vegetables natural vita mins and minerals are also obtained, which is not true when white sugar alone is consumed. Suitable substitutes for sugar are corn syrup, honey and molasses— forms of sugar that may be used in preparing sweet dishes. Molasses, too, provides iron for making red blood and also some of the calcium necessary for building strong bones and teeth. “In canning, corn syrup or honey may replace as much as one half the amount of sugar. Juicy fruits, as berries, cherries, plums and peaches, may be canned without sugar if they are cooked in their own juice, or if enough water is added to keep them from sticking to the pan. tion the Germans had not reckoned with. And Japan will learn to her sorrow the meaning of American gas oline and plana production.